Isabel Rockefeller Lincoln
Isabel Stillman Rockefeller was a member of the Rockefeller family. Isabel was born on June 1902 to Percy Avery Rockefeller and Isabel Goodrich Stillman. Percy Rockefeller, a financier and industrialist, was the son of Standard Oil co-founder William Avery Rockefeller Jr. and his wife, Almira Geraldine Rockefeller. He was a nephew of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller. Isabel Stillman was the daughter of James Jewett Stillman, a banker, Sarah Elizabeth Rumrill. Together Percy and Isabel had five children: Isabel Stillman Rockefeller Avery Rockefeller Winifred Rockefeller Faith Rockefeller Gladys Rockefeller She attended Westover School and was a member of Junior League, of which she took an active part, she helped produce a play called Ready Made. She performed singing and dancing numbers, she studied bacteriology at Columbia University for three years, went to Europe for 5 months with her mother. She was a frequent face in New York City high society since her introduction as a debutante in 1920.
Lincoln was a member of the board of trustees St. Luke's–Roosevelt Hospital from 1956 until her death in 1980. In January 1925, a false rumor was spread that she was to marry Alexander Thayer, son of Russell Thayer of Philadelphia. In June 1925, it was announced that she would marry Frederic Walker Lincoln IV, her double cousin William Avery Rockefeller III was married to a sister of Frederic the day before Isabel's marriage to Mr. Lincoln, a large party was held in their honor by William Avery Rockefeller III; the wedding was held on September 26, 1925 at Christ Episcopal Church in Greenwich, Connecticut by Rev. John Lewis; the day after the wedding, the newlyweds were again honored at a large function at the Field Club of Greenwich. A week-long honeymoon in Buenos Aires followed in November. Isabel and Frederic had four daughters: Isabel Lincoln, who married Basil B. Elmer in 1951 Calista Lincoln, who married Henry U. Harder in 1952 Percy Lincoln, who married William B. Chappell Florence Lincoln, who married Thomas L. ShortLincoln died on March 23, 1980.
Blanchette Ferry Rockefeller
Blanchette Ferry Hooker was the wife of John D. Rockefeller III and mother of Jay Rockefeller, she was twice president of the Museum of Modern Art. Blanchette Ferry Hooker was born in Manhattan, New York on October 2, 1909, she was the daughter of Elon Huntington Hooker, founder of Hooker Chemical Company, his wife, Blanche Ferry. She graduated from Miss Chapin's School in 1927, she graduated from Vassar College in 1931 with a B. A. in music. On November 11, 1932, she married John D. Rockefeller III, a scion of the prominent Rockefeller family, at Riverside Church in New York City, they had four children: John Davison "Jay" Rockefeller IV Hope Aldrich Rockefeller Sandra Ferry Rockefeller Alida Ferry RockefellerBlanchette devoted her time to community service and the arts - in particular the collection of Asian and American art. "She had been active in the affairs of the Museum of Modern Art since 1949 and was elected a member of the Board of Trustees in December 1952. In 1958, at a time when many Americans derided modern art or thought it communist and subversive, Rockefeller lent her support to the International Program that helped send The New American Painting, the first major exhibition of Abstract Expressionism, to eight European cities."
In 1948, Blanchette Rockefeller commissioned a guest house by architect Philip Johnson. Located at 242 East 52nd Street next to the Turtle Bay Music School, it was one of the first residential buildings in New York City to reflect the influence of the Modern movement; the 1950 guest house was a place in which she could display her modern art collection and entertain friends. The Rockefellers donated the house to the Museum of Modern Art in 1955."Blanchette Rockefeller provided enlightened leadership to MoMA as president of the museum from 1972 through 1985. Two of her most important gifts were Willem de Kooning’s Woman II and Clyfford Still’s Painting, an Abstract-Expressionist landscape; the Abstract Expressionist galleries on the second floor are named in her honor. In 1979 Rockefeller accepted an Oscar on behalf of MoMA’s work in film."The Rockefellers maintained homes in New York City and at "Fieldwood Farm" in the expansive Rockefeller family estate of Pocantico (see Kykuit in Westchester County, New York.
She died in her home near Briarcliff Manor, New York of pneumonia, a complication of Alzheimer's Disease, on November 29, 1992, at the age of 83. Blanchette was buried at Sleepy Hollow, New York; the Blanchette Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute at West Virginia University in Morgantown, West Virginia is named in her honor. Rockefeller family John D. Rockefeller III Kykuit Blanchette H. Rockefeller Archives
Glastonbury is a town in Hartford County, United States, formally founded in 1693 with settlers first arriving in 1636. The town was named after Glastonbury in England. Glastonbury is located on the banks of the Connecticut River, 7 miles southeast of Hartford; the town center is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as a census-designated place; the population was 34,427 at the 2010 census. In 1636, thirty families were settled in Pyaug, a tract of land belonging to Wethersfield on the eastern bank of the Connecticut River, bought from the Native American chief Sowheag for 12 yards of trading cloth. In 1672, Wethersfield and Hartford were granted permission by the General Court to extend the boundary line of Pyaug 5 miles to the east. By 1690, residents of Pyaug had gained permission from Wethersfield to become a separate town and, in 1693, the town of Glassenbury was created; the ties have not been broken: the oldest continuously operating ferry in the United States still runs between South Glastonbury and Rocky Hill then part of Wethersfield, as it did as far back as 1655.
One result of being split off from Wethersfield was that the town was built along a main road, rather than around the large green that anchors most New England towns. After part of New London Turnpike was realigned to eliminate the rotary in the middle of town during the mid-20th century, a small green was established there. During the American Revolutionary War, several homes were used to hold classes from Yale University. Noah Webster was a student in these classes. Glastonbury freed its slaves in the 1780s, sixty years before Connecticut formally abolished slavery; the town organized its first library in 1803. It organized the first hospital shortly after the Revolution to treat smallpox. By the end of the Revolution, there were ten schools, formed one by one during the 18th century. During the American Revolution, George Stocking's gunpowder factory operated in the town. In 1785 the town residents renamed Glassenbury to Glastenbury. In the 18th and early 19th centuries, Glastenbury was a shipbuilding town.
Located on the Connecticut River, it had reliable waterpower and nearby hardwood forests of oak. Sawmills, charcoal kilns, foundries developed around the shipyards to process timber and other goods for their needs; as shipbuilding was ending, the early industrial beginning continued. The J. B. Williams Soap Factory started in 1840 in James B. Williams' drugstore in Manchester, where he experimented with chemical formulas for shaving soap; when he had produced a formula that satisfied him, he moved his business to Glastonbury. Two years he was joined by his brother, William Stuart Williams, they formed. Although shaving soap was their first product, they made ink and shoe blacking. Products made by the J. B. Williams Company included Williams ` Aqua Velva. Over time, J. B. Williams expanded to Montreal and Argentina; when the business was sold in 1957, ten former employees organized Glastonbury Toiletries and continued operation into the 1970s. J. B. Williams Park, on Neipsic Road, is named for James B. Williams.
Remaining parts of the industrial complex have been adapted for use as the Soap Factory Condominiums. Another portion was occupied by the Glastonbury Board of Education office and is now occupied by a translation company. In 1870 the name of the town was changed from Glastenbury to Glastonbury, with a spelling to match Glastonbury, England. During the World Wars, Glastonbury factories supplied leather and woolen goods to the military of Belgium, Great Britain and the United States. In addition, Glastonbury has been a center for feldspar mills, cotton mills, paper mills, silver plate factories, it had an airplane building industry. J. H. Hale Orchards began operations in 1866 in Glastonbury. John Howard Hale became known as the Peach King for developing a peach that could withstand New England winters and was disease resistant, as well as for the large, national scale of his operations, he had land in Georgia and was the first Glastonbury industry to establish a branch outside the state. A marketing pioneer, Hale shipped peaches to markets all over the country.
The orchard that started with 1-acre in 1866 grew to more than 1,200 acres by 1900. John Hale never went beyond grade school, but he initiated the founding of Storrs Agricultural College, now the University of Connecticut, he helped to organize the State Grange. His home, at the intersection of Main Street and Route 17, has been adapted in the 20th century for use first as a restaurant and, more for business offices. Henry Saglio began a pioneering effort to breed a white chicken, because black pinfeathers were difficult to pluck from a bird headed for the dinner table. In 1948, the Saglio Brothers formed Arbor Acres and produced a broiler chicken that A&P Food Stores awarded the title "Chicken of Tomorrow". By 1958 Arbor Acres was selling globally. Today the brand is owned by Aviagen. In 1977, Henry Saglio was inducted into the Poultry Hall of Fame. Glastonbury was a major grower of broad leaf tobacco; this agricultural tradition is carried on by the orchards and berry farms on its hills. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.2 square miles, of which 51.3 square miles is land and 0.93 square miles, or 1.76%, is water.
The Glastonbury Center CDP has a total area of 4.9 square miles. The town begins on the banks of the Connecticut River and extends up into foothills
John D. Rockefeller Jr.
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. was an American financier and philanthropist, a prominent member of the Rockefeller family. He was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and the father of the five famous Rockefeller brothers. In biographies, he is referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior", his sons included the 41st Vice President of The United States. Rockefeller was the fifth and last child of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. His four older sisters were Elizabeth, Alice and Edith. Living in his father's mansion at 4 West 54th Street, he attended Park Avenue Baptist Church at 64th Street and the Browning School, a tutorial establishment set up for him and other children of associates of the family, his father John Sr. and uncle William Avery Rockefeller Jr. co-founded Standard Oil together. He had intended to go to Yale University but was encouraged by William Rainey Harper, president of the University of Chicago, among others, to enter the Baptist-oriented Brown University instead.
Nicknamed "Johnny Rock" by his roommates, he joined both the Glee and the Mandolin clubs, taught a Bible class, was elected junior class president. Scrupulously careful with money, he stood out as different from other rich men's sons. In 1897, he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, after taking nearly a dozen courses in the social sciences, including a study of Karl Marx's Das Kapital, he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. After graduation from Brown, Rockefeller joined his father's business in October 1897, setting up operations in the newly formed family office at 26 Broadway where he became a director of Standard Oil, he also became a director at J. P. Morgan's U. S. Steel company, formed in 1901. Junior resigned from both companies in 1910 in an attempt to "purify" his ongoing philanthropy from commercial and financial interests after the Hearst media empire unearthed a bribery scandal involving John Dustin Archbold and two prominent members of Congress. In April 1914, after a long period of industrial unrest, the Ludlow Massacre occurred at a tent camp occupied by striking miners from the Colorado Fuel and Iron company.
Junior sat on the board as an absentee director. At least 20 men and children died in the slaughter; this was followed by nine days of violence between the Colorado State Militia. Although he did not order the attack that began this unrest, there are accounts to suggest Junior was to blame for the violence, with the awful working conditions, death ratio, no paid dead work which included securing unstable ceilings, workers were forced into working in unsafe conditions just to make ends meet. In January 1915, Junior was called to testify before the Commission on Industrial Relations. Many critics blamed Rockefeller for ordering the massacre. Margaret Sanger wrote an attack piece in her magazine The Woman Rebel, declaring, "But remember Ludlow! Remember the men and women and children who were sacrificed in order that John D. Rockefeller Jr. might continue his noble career of charity and philanthropy as a supporter of the Christian faith." He was at the time being advised by William Lyon Mackenzie King and the pioneer public relations expert, Ivy Lee.
Lee warned that the Rockefellers were losing public support and developed a strategy that Junior followed to repair it. It was necessary for Junior to overcome his shyness, go to Colorado to meet with the miners and their families, inspect the conditions of the homes and the factories, attend social events, to listen to the grievances; this was novel advice, attracted widespread media attention, which opened the way to resolve the conflict, present a more humanized version of the Rockefellers. Mackenzie King said Rockefeller's testimony was the turning point in Junior's life, restoring the reputation of the family name, he was influential in attracting leading blue-chip corporations as tenants in the complex, including GE and its affiliates RCA, NBC and RKO, as well as Standard Oil of New Jersey, Associated Press, Time Inc, branches of Chase National Bank. The family office, of which he was in charge, shifted from 26 Broadway to the 56th floor of the landmark 30 Rockefeller Plaza upon its completion in 1933.
The office formally became "Rockefeller Family and Associates". In 1921, Junior received about 10% of the shares of the Equitable Trust Company from his father, making him the bank's largest shareholder. Subsequently, in 1930, Equitable merged with Chase National Bank, making Chase the largest bank in the world at the time. Although his stockholding was reduced to about 4% following this merger, he was still the largest shareholder in what became known as "the Rockefeller bank." As late as the 1960s, the family still retained about 1% of the bank's shares, by which time his son David had become the bank's president. In the late 1920s, Rockefeller
The Rockefeller family is an American industrial and banking family that owns one of the world's largest fortunes. The fortune was made in the American petroleum industry during the late 19th and early 20th centuries by John D. Rockefeller and his brother William Rockefeller through Standard Oil; the family is known for its long association with, control of, Chase Manhattan Bank. The Rockefellers are considered to be one of the most powerful families, if not the most powerful family, in the history of the United States. One of the founding members of the Rockefeller family in New York was businessman William Rockefeller Sr., born to a Protestant family in Granger, New York. He had six children with his first wife Eliza Davison, the most prominent of which were oil tycoons John D. Rockefeller and William Rockefeller Jr. the co-founders of Standard Oil. John D. Rockefeller was a devout Northern Baptist, he supported many church-based institutions; the combined wealth of the family—their total assets and investments plus the individual wealth of its members—has never been known with any precision.
The records of the family archives relating to both the family and individual members' net worth are closed to researchers. From the outset the family's wealth has been under the complete control of the male members of the dynasty, through the family office. Despite strong-willed wives who had influence over their husbands' decisions—such as the pivotal female figure Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, wife of John D. Rockefeller Jr.—in all cases they received allowances only and were never given partial responsibility for the family fortune. Much of the wealth has been locked up in the notable family trust of 1934 and the trust of 1952, both administered by Chase Bank, the corporate successor to Chase Manhattan Bank; these trusts have consisted of shares in the successor companies to Standard Oil and other diversified investments, as well as the family's considerable real estate holdings. They are administered by a trust committee. Management of this fortune today rests with professional money managers who oversee the principal holding company, Rockefeller Financial Services, which controls all the family's investments, now that Rockefeller Center is no longer owned by the family.
The present chairman is David Rockefeller Jr. In 1992, it had five main arms: Rockefeller & Co.. S. during the 20th century. Chief among them: Rockefeller Center, a multi-building complex built at the start of the Depression in Midtown Manhattan, financed by the family International House of New York, New York City, 1924 Wren Building, College of William and Mary, from 1927 Colonial Williamsburg, from 1927 onwards, Abby Aldrich, John III and Winthrop, historical restoration Museum of Modern Art, New York City, from 1929 Riverside Church, New York City, 1930 The Cloisters, New York City, from 1934 The Interchurch Center, New York City, 1948 Asia Society, New York City, 1956 One Chase Manhattan Plaza, New York City, 1961 Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza, New York, 1962 Lincoln Center, New York City, 1962 World Trade Center Twin Towers, New York City, 1973–2001 Embarcadero Center, San Francisco, 1974 Council of the Americas/Americas Society, New York City, 1985 In addition to this is Senior and Junior's involvement in seven major housing developments: Forest Hill Estates, Ohio City Housing Corporation's efforts, Sunnyside Gardens, New York City Thomas Garden Apartments, The Bronx, New York City Paul Laurence Dunbar Housing, New York City Lavoisier Apartments, New York City Van Tassel Apartments, Sleepy Hollow, New York A development in Radburn, New Jersey A further project involved David Rockefeller in a major middle-income housing development when he was elected in 1947 as chairman of Morningside Heights, Inc. in Manhattan by fourteen major institutions that were based in the area, including Columbia University.
The result, in 1951, was the six-building apartment complex known as Morningside Gardens. Senior's donations led to the formation of the University of Chicago in 1889; this was one instance of a long family and Rockefeller Foundation tradition of financially supporting Ivy League and other major colleges and universities over the generations—seventy-five in total. These include: Harvard University Dartmouth College Princeton University University of California, Berkeley Stanford University Yale University Massachusetts Institute of Technology Brown University Tufts U
Harold Fowler McCormick
Harold Fowler McCormick was an American businessman. He was chairman of the board of International Harvester Company and a member of the McCormick family. In 1948 he was awarded the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal by the American Management Association and the ASME. Harold Fowler McCormick was born in Chicago May 2, 1872, to inventor Cyrus Hall McCormick and philanthropist Nancy Fowler. During the 1890s he competed in the US National Tennis Championships. In 1895 he married Edith Rockefeller, the youngest daughter of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. McCormick became the third inaugural trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation, he was a trustee of the Rockefeller-created University of Chicago. He and Edith had five children before divorcing in December 1921: John Rockefeller McCormick, died young from scarlet fever Editha McCormick Harold Fowler McCormick Jr. who married Anna Urquhart Brown Potter. She was married to James Alexander Stillman and was the daughter of James Brown Potter and Mary Cora Urquhart.
Muriel McCormick Mathilde McCormick As an officer of the Aero Club of Illinois, founded February 10, 1910, McCormick became the third president in 1912, following Octave Chanute and James E. Plew. In 1914, McCormick and Bion J. Arnold attempted to form a commuter airline which they announced would begin service in May, "using seaplanes to ferry passengers between various North Shore suburbs and Grant Park and the South Shore Country Club, of which he was a founder. Lake Shore Airline, which had two seaplanes, was intended to be a profit-making venture charging a steep twenty-eight-dollar round-trip fare between Lake Forest and downtown Chicago on four daily scheduled circuits. However, Chicago's irregular weather the crosswinds, made a shamble of schedules, the airline disappeared before the end of the year."McCormick married Polish opera singer Ganna Walska in 1922. They divorced in 1931. During the transition period between these two women, McCormick sought to fortify himself by undergoing an operation by Serge Voronoff, a surgeon who specialized in transplanting animal glands into aging men with impotency.
He resided at 1000 Lake Shore Drive in Chicago. McCormick became chairman of the board of International Harvester Company in 1935, replacing his older brother Cyrus Jr.. McCormick died on October 16, 1941, of a cerebral hemorrhage, at his home in Beverly Hills, California. Orson Welles claimed that McCormick's lavish promotion of Walska's opera career—despite her renown as a terrible singer—was a direct influence on the screenplay for Citizen Kane, wherein the titular character does much the same for his second wife. Samuel Insull, president of a utilities holding empire that included Commonwealth Edison, was another influence, along with William Randolph Hearst. Rockefeller family Currey, Josiah Seymour. "Harold Fowler McCormick". Chicago: Its History and its Builders. 4. Jazzybee Verlag. ISBN 9783849648978. Retrieved February 8, 2018. Adams, Brian. Ganna: Diva of Lotusland. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1-5141-6957-5. Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller Sr. New York: Warner Books. Issue v.22, no.1, January 1942.
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