Hagerstown is a city in Washington County, United States. It is the county seat of Washington County; the population of Hagerstown city proper at the 2010 census was 39,662, the population of the Hagerstown-Martinsburg Metropolitan Area was 269,140. Hagerstown ranks as Maryland's sixth largest incorporated city. Hagerstown has a distinct topography, formed by stone ridges running from northeast to southwest through the center of town. Geography accordingly bounds its neighborhoods; these ridges consist of upper Stonehenge limestone. Many of the older buildings were built from this stone, quarried and dressed onsite, it whitens in weathering and the edgewise conglomerate and wavy laminae become distinctly visible, giving a handsome and uniquely “Cumberland Valley” appearance. Several of Hagerstown’s churches are constructed of Stonehenge limestone and its value and beauty as building rock may be seen in St. John’s Episcopal Church on West Antietam Street and the Presbyterian Church at the corner of Washington and Prospect Streets.
Brick and concrete displaced this native stone in the construction process. Hagerstown anchors the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which lies just northwest of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Combined Statistical Area in the heart of the Great Appalachian Valley; the population of the metropolitan area in 2010 was 269,140. Greater Hagerstown is the fastest-growing metropolitan area in the state of Maryland and among the fastest growing in the United States. Despite its semi-rural Western Maryland setting, Hagerstown is a center of commerce. Interstates 81 and 70, CSX, Norfolk Southern, the Winchester and Western railroads, Hagerstown Regional Airport form an extensive transportation network for the city. Hagerstown is the chief commercial and industrial hub for a greater Tri-State Area that includes much of Western Maryland as well as significant portions of South Central Pennsylvania and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia. Hagerstown has been referred to as, is nicknamed, the Hub City.
A person born in Hagerstown is called a Hagerstonian. In 1739, Jonathan Hager, a German immigrant from Pennsylvania and a volunteer Captain of Scouts, purchased 200 acres of land in the Great Appalachian Valley between the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains in Maryland and called it Hager’s Fancy. In 1762, Hager founded the town of Elizabethtown which he named after his wife, Elizabeth Kershner. Fourteen years Jonathan Hager became known as the "Father of Washington County" after his efforts helped Hagerstown become the county seat of newly created Washington County which Hager helped create from neighboring Frederick County, Maryland; the City Council changed the community's name to Hager's-Town in 1813 because the name had gained popular usage, in the following year, the Maryland State Legislature endorsed the changing of the town’s name. In 1794 government forces arrested 150 citizens during a draft riot, staged by protesters in response to the Whiskey Rebellion. Hagerstown's strategic location at the border between the North and the South made the city a primary staging area and supply center for four major campaigns during the Civil War.
In 1861, General Robert Patterson's troops used Hagerstown as a base to attack Virginia troops in the Shenandoah Valley. In the Maryland Campaign of 1862, General James Longstreet's command occupied the town while en route to the Battle of South Mountain and Antietam. In 1863, the city was the site of several military incursions and engagements as Gen. Robert E. Lee's army invaded and retreated in the Gettysburg Campaign. In 1864, Hagerstown was invaded by the Confederate army under Lt. Gen. Jubal Early. On Wednesday, July 6, Early sent 1,500 cavalry, commanded by Brig. Gen. John McCausland, into Hagerstown; the Confederates levied a ransom of $20,000 and a large amount of clothing, in retribution for U. S. destruction of farms and cattle in the Shenandoah Valley. This is in contrast to neighboring Chambersburg, which McCausland razed on July 30 when the borough failed to supply the requested ransom of $500,000 in U. S. currency, or $100,000 in gold. Throughout the Civil War, private physicians and citizens of Hagerstown gave assistance or aid to men from both the North and South in a number of locations, including the Franklin Hotel, Washington House, Hagerstown Male Academy, Key-Mar College, a number of private residences.
The spread of smallpox by returning soldiers to families and friends was a substantial problem during the war. The Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church volunteered the use of its church as a smallpox hospital when an epidemic spread throughout the town. Following the war, in 1872 Maryland and Virginia cooperated to re-inter Confederate dead from their impromptu graves to cemeteries in Hagerstown and Shepherdstown, West Virginia. 60% however, remained unidentified. In 1877, 15 years after the Battle of Antietam known as the Battle of Sharpsburg 2,800 Confederate dead from that battle and from the battles on South Mountain were re-interred in Washington Confederate Cemetery, within Rose Hill Cemetery in Hagerstown. Hagerstown's nickname of the "Hub City" came from the large number of railroads that served the city. Hagerstown was the center of the Western Maryland Railway and an important city on the Pennsylvania and Western, Baltimore and Ohio, Hagerstown and Frederick Railroads; the city is a vital location on CSX, Norfolk Southern, the Winchester and Western Railroads.
Hagerstown was served by the Hagerstown & Frederick Railway, an interurban trolley s
United Press International
United Press International is an international news agency whose newswires, news film, audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines and television stations for most of the 20th century. At its peak, it had more than 6,000 media subscribers. Since the first of several sales and staff cutbacks in 1982, the 1999 sale of its broadcast client list to its rival, the Associated Press, UPI has concentrated on smaller information-market niches. Formally named "United Press Associations" for incorporation and legal purposes, but publicly known and identified as United Press or UP, the news agency was created by the 1907 uniting of three smaller news syndicates by the Midwest newspaper publisher E. W. Scripps, it was headed by Hugh Baillie from 1935 to 1955. At the time of his retirement, UP had 2,900 clients in the United States, 1,500 abroad. In 1958, it became United Press International after absorbing the International News Service in May; as either UP or UPI, the agency was among the largest newswire services in the world, competing domestically for about 90 years with the Associated Press and internationally with AP, Reuters and Agence France-Presse.
At its peak, UPI had more than 2,000 full-time employees. With the rising popularity of television news, the business of UPI began to decline as the circulation of afternoon newspapers, its chief client category, began to fall, its decline accelerated after the 1982 sale of UPI by the Scripps company. The E. W. Scripps Company controlled United Press until its absorption of William Randolph Hearst's smaller competing agency, INS, in 1958 to form UPI. With the Hearst Corporation as a minority partner, UPI continued under Scripps management until 1982. Since its sale in 1982, UPI has changed ownership several times and was twice in Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization. With each change in ownership came deeper service and staff cutbacks and changes of focus and a corresponding shrinkage of its traditional media customer base. Since the 1999 sale of its broadcast client list to its one-time major rival, the AP, UPI has concentrated on smaller information market niches, it no longer services media organizations in a major way.
In 2000, UPI was purchased by News World Communications, an international news media company founded in 1976 by Unification Church leader Sun Myung Moon. It now maintains a news website and photo service and electronically publishes several information product packages. Based on aggregation from other sources on the Web and gathered by a small editorial staff and stringers, UPI's daily content consists of a newsbrief summary service called "NewsTrack," which includes general, sports, science and entertainment reports, "Quirks in the News." It sells a premium service, which has deeper coverage and analysis of emerging threats, the security industry, energy resources. UPI's content is presented in text and photo formats, in English and Arabic. UPI's main office is in the Miami metropolitan area and it maintains office locations in five other countries and uses freelance journalists in other major cities. Beginning with the Cleveland Press, publisher E. W. Scripps created the first chain of newspapers in the United States.
Because the recently reorganized Associated Press refused to sell its services to several of his papers, most of them evening dailies in competition with existing AP franchise holders, in 1907 Scripps merged three smaller syndicates under his ownership or control, the Publishers Press Association, the Scripps-McRae Press Association, the Scripps News Association, to form United Press Associations, with headquarters in New York City. Scripps had been a subscriber to an earlier news agency named United Press, that existed in the late 1800s in cooperation with management of the original New York-based AP and in existential competition with two Chicago-based organizations using the AP name. Drawing lessons from the battles between the earlier United Press and the various AP's, Scripps required that there be no restrictions on who could buy news from his news service, he made the new UP service available to anyone, including his competitors. Scripps hoped to make a profit from selling that news to papers owned by others.
At that time and until World War II, most newspapers relied on news agencies for stories outside their immediate geographic areas. Despite strong newspaper industry opposition, UP started to sell news to the new and competitive radio medium in 1935, years before competitor AP, controlled by the newspaper industry, did likewise. Scripps' United Press was considered "a scrappy alternative" news source to the AP. UP reporters were called "Unipressers" and were noted for their fiercely aggressive and competitive streak. Another hallmark of the company's culture was little formal training of reporters, they were weaned on UP's famous and well-documented slogan of "Get it first, but FIRST, get it RIGHT." Despite controversy, UP became a common training ground for generations of journalists. Walter Cronkite, who started with United Press in Kansas City, gained fame for his coverage of World War II in Europe and turned down Edward R. Murrow's first offer of a CBS job to stay with UP, but who went on to anchor the CBS Evening News, once said, "I felt every Unipresser got up in the morning saying,'This is the day I'm going to be
Ned Dixon "Dickie" Hemric was an American collegiate and professional basketball player for Wake Forest University and the NBA's Boston Celtics. Hemric played the first two college years at Wake Forest when the school was a member of the Southern Conference; the Atlantic Coast Conference Male Athlete of the Year was created at the start of the 1954 season, he played his last two seasons in the ACC, setting conference records for scoring and rebounding that were untouched for the first 50 years of the conference's existence. He was honored as the second recipient of the ACC Athlete of the Year in 1955. In 2002 Hemric was selected to the ACC 50th Anniversary men's basketball team, honoring the fifty greatest players in ACC history. Hemric's ACC scoring record of 2,587 points was untouched from 1956 until it was broken in 2006 by Duke University's J. J. Redick and in 2009 by Tyler Hansbrough of the University of North Carolina. Hemric held the NCAA record for free throws made in a career with 905 for 54 years until it was passed by Hansbrough.
Hemric still holds the Division I record for most free throw attempts in a career. Hemric's ACC record of 1,802 career rebounds may never face a serious challenge - for four decades the nearest runner-up was his contemporary Ronnie Shavlik, now third on the list with 1,567 rebounds from 1954 to 1956. Second is legendary NBA power forward Tim Duncan, who pulled down 1,570 rebounds at Wake Forest from 1994 to 1997. With most of today's elite ACC players leaving for the NBA before completing four seasons, it is difficult to project a scenario in which Hemric's record could be broken. Nationally Hemric is still fifth all-time in Division I career rebounds. Hemric died on August 3, 2017 at his home in North Canton, Ohio nearly four weeks shy of his 84th birthday. List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career free throw scoring leaders List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career rebounding leaders List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 2000 points and 1000 rebounds
Keravnos Strovolou B. C. is a professional basketball club based in Strovolos, Cyprus. The plays its home games in the Costas Papaellinas Arena; the club’s president since 1996 is businessman Paris C. Papaellinas, the main sponsor of the club for the last 20 years; the men's basketball department of Keravnos was established in 1964. The club was one of the founding members of the Cyprus Basketball Federation in 1966 and won its first national league in 1989. Keravnos competed for 18 consecutive years in European competitions from 1995 to 2013; the first time Keravnos B. C. took. In the 1997–98 season, just after winning their second league, the team reached the second round of a European Cup for the first time. In the Second Round, Keravnos achieved one of their greatest victories in the history of Cypriot Basketball after defeating Žalgiris Kaunas 61–57 in Nicosia. In the second leg, they were eliminated from the competition. Žalgiris progressed to win the European Cup that year as well as the European Championship the following year, known as Euroleague.
The year 2001 was a great one for Keravnos. The team won the Championship for a second consecutive time and recorded the greatest success, achieved by any Cypriot sports team, in Pan-European competitions by qualifying for the quarter-finals of the European Saporta Cup, they defeated the Bosnian team KK Borac Banja Luka. During this campaign, the team had unbelievable success defeating Red star of Belgrade and Paris Basket of Tony Parker among others. In 2004, the team qualified to the Final Four of South Conference of FIBA Europe Cup Challenge, where the team finished fourth in the competition, they qualified to the final four again the following year and this time they finished in the third position. In 2007, Keravnos again recorded a new success story; the team qualified for the final of the EuroCup Challenge after beating in the semi-finals Dnipro twice in the semi-finals. Keravnos was the only Cypriot club from any sport to reach a major European Final. In the EuroCup Challenge Final, Keravnos faced the Russian Club from Samara, defeating them by 85–83 at home but the score was not enough to give the team the trophy after losing in Samara 101–81 away.
After this success, Keravnos achieved two more national titles, in 2008 and 2017. Lance Blanks Cedric Henderson Mike King FIBA EuroCup Challenge Finalist: 2007 Cyprus Basketball Division A Winner: 1988–89, 1996–97, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2007–08, 2016–17 Runner-up: 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1995–96, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2008–09, 2011–12, 2017–18 Cyprus Men's Basketball Cup: Winner: 1988–89, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2009–10, 2011–12 Runner-up: 1986–87, 1987–88, 2012–13 Cyprus Men's Basketball Supercup: Winner: 1998–99, 1999–00, 2012–13 Cypriot Second Division Winners: 1978–79, 1987–88 Since 1987, the club is focused nearly 100% in basketball and Keravnos Basketball Academies are considered as being the most dynamic and the most professional all over the island; the Basketball Academy has over 300 members and overall with Tennis and Football reach over 750 members. Head of the Academy is Mr. Nicos Lambrias. Official homepage Eurobasket.com Keravnos BC Page Team presentation at Basketball Champions League website Team presentation at FIBA Europe Cup website
NC State Wolfpack men's basketball
The NC State Wolfpack men's basketball team represents North Carolina State University in NCAA Division I men's basketball competition. The Wolfpack competes in the Atlantic Coast Conference, of which it was a founding member. Prior to joining the ACC in 1954, the Wolfpack was a member of the Southern Conference, where they won seven conference championships; as a member of the ACC, the Wolfpack has won ten conference championships, as well as two national championships in 1974 and 1983. State's unexpected 1983 title was one of the most memorable in NCAA history. Since 1999, the Pack has played most of its home games at PNC Arena, where the NCAA championship trophies are kept. Prior to 1999, they played at Reynolds Coliseum. NC State began varsity intercollegiate competition in men's basketball in 1911. In 105 years of play, the Wolfpack ranks 25th in total victories among NCAA Division I college basketball programs and 26th in winning percentage among programs that have competed at the Division I level for at least 26 years.
The team's all-time record is 1737-1067. The program saw its greatest success during the head coaching tenures of Everett Case, Norm Sloan, Jim Valvano. NC State has produced some of the ACC's best players, including Tom Burleson, Rodney Monroe, Monte Towe, Ron Shavlik. David Thompson, who led the Wolfpack to its first NCAA title in 1974, has been recognized as one of college basketball's greatest players; the Wolfpack has won a total of 17 conference tournament championships and 13 regular season conference titles. State has appeared in the NCAA Tournament 26 times, with three Final Four appearances and two national titles; the Wolfpack appeared in the Final Four of the 1947 National Invitational Tournament, during the NIT's "national championship era." NC State achieved its 1700th overall win against Presbyterian College, 86-68, becoming the 26th NCAA school to reach such an achievement. In 1910 Guy Bryan formed a special committee that proposed to the university administration the organization of the school's first basketball team.
The program played its first official intercollegiate basketball game on February 16, 1911 against a much more experienced squad from Wake Forest. NC State known as the North Carolina A&M Farmers, lost, 33–6; the two teams met again five days in Raleigh, with A&M earning its first-ever victory, 19–18. The following year, the school's athletics council recognized basketball as a sport. Before the 1920–21 season the university changed its name from North Carolina A&M to North Carolina State College. At that time the school's nickname was the "Tech." That season the program joined the fledgling Southern Conference as a charter member. State College changed its nickname yet again in 1923, this time to the "Red Terrors." The name was drawn from a combination of the play of Rochelle "Red" Johnson and the team's new bright red road uniforms. In 1923, State opened its first basketball facility, Frank Thompson Gym; the gym, named in honor of a former athlete from the school who died in action during World War I, served as the team's home until 1948.
During the first years of the program, the team had no practice facility and was forced to practice on an outdoor field in nearby Pullen Park. Gus Tebell took over the basketball team as head coach in 1924. During his tenure he led the program to a number of school firsts, including the first conference championship in 1929 and the first 20-win season, he compiled a all-time program best career coaching record at 79–36. The Wolfpack's first player to garner significant national recognition was Bud Rose, after the 1931–32 season, was named as an honorable mention All-American. In 1941 the university began construction on William Neal Reynolds Coliseum, a multi-purpose arena that would serve as the new home of Wolfpack basketball. Construction was stalled due to the involvement of the United States in World War II, the skeleton structure of the arena was left unfinished for nearly six years until its completion in 1949; the Wolfpack would play its home games at Reynolds for the next 50 years, until the men's team moved to PNC Arena in 1999.
Following the end of World War II, chancellor John W. Harrelson and athletic director H. A. Fisher set upon rebuilding the university's athletic teams. In 1946 David Clark, a former president of the NC State Alumni Association, suggested to the Athletics Council that the best place to search for a new head basketball coach would be in Indiana, a basketball hotbed at the time. Per Clark's suggestion and his father Stejem Mark met with Indiana native Chuck Taylor, in Raleigh to coach his army team in an exhibition game against NC State. Taylor's recommendation for the job was his former high school coach Everett Case; when approached by Harrelson about the job, Case was at first hesitant because of the tight restrictions under which the program had been operating. Harrelson assured Case that he would be given an expanded budget and more than enough scholarships to field a competitive team. Additionally, Case was lured by the still unfinished Reynolds Coliseum, he accepted the job immediately without visiting the campus.
Everett Case was named head coach on July 1, 1946. Case had coached high school basketball in Indiana, where in 23 seasons he compiled a 726–75 record and won four state championships. Before arriving at NC State, he spent two years as an assistant coach at the University of Southern California and spent several years coaching teams at various Naval bases during the war. In February 1947, his first season at NC State, Case defeated North Carolina in Chapel Hill, 48–46 in overtime, beginning a streak of 15 consecutive victories over the Tar He
Robert Joseph Cremins Jr. is an American retired college basketball coach, having served as a head coach at Appalachian State, Georgia Tech, most the College of Charleston. Cremins attended All Hallows High School in the Bronx, New York, where he was born to Irish immigrants. In 1966, he entered the University of South Carolina on a basketball scholarship, where he played under coach Frank McGuire. While Cremins was there, the South Carolina team won 61 games, with 17 losses, while Cremins was the starting point guard for three years for the Gamecocks. Cremins, known as "Cakes", was the captain of South Carolina's 1969-70 team which went 25–3, he graduated from South Carolina in 1970 with a B. S. degree before playing professional basketball for one year in Ecuador. Cremins started his coaching career in 1971 as an assistant coach at Point Park College in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, he next returned to South Carolina to become McGuire's assistant coach and to earn a M. S. degree in guidance and counseling in 1972.
At age 27, Cremins became one of the youngest NCAA Division I head coaches in history when he took charge of the basketball team at Appalachian State University. He inherited a program that had only won 22 games since joining Division I five years earlier, had just come off the worst season in school history at 3-23. In his first year at Appalachian his team had a record of 13–14, but they accumulated an 87–56 record over the next five seasons, with three Southern Conference regular season championships; the Mountaineers posted a 23–6 record, received an NCAA Tournament slot in 1979 after sweeping the Southern Conference regular season and tournament titles. Cremins's performance at Appalachian State gathered him some national attention in the NCAA coaching ranks, including catching the eye of Georgia Tech athletic director Homer Rice. After Rice persuaded him to come to Atlanta, Cremins was hired as the Rambling Wreck's new head basketball coach at the close of the 1981 season, on April 14, 1981.
When Cremins arrived at Georgia Tech, he walked into a situation, as bad, if not worse, than what he'd inherited at Appalachian State. Georgia Tech had only notched one winning season in the previous 10 years, had just suffered the worst season in school history—a 4-23 overall record and a winless record in Atlantic Coast Conference play. Considering the poor state of the program he'd inherited, Cremins engineered a quick return to respectability. In only his third year in Atlanta, he led the Yellow Jackets to the 1984 National Invitation Tournament—their first postseason berth of any sort in 13 years. A year the Yellow Jackets shocked the ACC by winning a share of the regular season title winning the conference tournament, they advanced all the way to the Elite Eight, tallying an overall record of 27-8. In 1990, Cremins's team advanced all the way to the Final Four in the NCAA Tournament, with an overall 28–7 record; the 28 wins are still a school record for wins in a season. Cremins was three times the ACC "Coach of the Year": In 1983 with the first Yellow Jackets' ACC tournament victory, an overall 13–15 won/loss record.
Cremins' coaching of the 1990 Yellow Jackets' team earned him the Naismith College Coach of the Year honor. Cremins had a host of players that went on to have successful National Basketball Association careers. First there was Mark Price and John Salley in the early 1980s, followed by Duane Ferrell, Tom Hammonds, Dennis Scott, Brian Oliver, Kenny Anderson, Jon Barry, Travis Best, Stephon Marbury, Jason Collier and Matt Harpring. Cremins was an assistant coach on the first-ever gold-medal-winning American World University Games team in 1986, assisting the head coach Lute Olson of the University of Arizona. Cremins assisted Olson at the 1986 FIBA World Championship winning the gold medal there. During the summer of 1989 he coached the American team that qualified for the World Championships in 1990. Cremins assisted former National Basketball Association coach Lenny Wilkens in the American basketball team's appearance in the Summer Olympic Games of 1996 in Atlanta; this team was the second of the "Dream Teams" in the Olympic Games, it featured such NBA stars as Charles Barkley, Karl Malone, Reggie Miller, Shaquille O'Neil, Scottie Pippen, David Robinson and John Stockton, several of whom were returning for their second Olympic Games basketball tournament.
This "Dream Team" was undefeated in the Olympic basketball tournament, of course, it defeated the second-place Yugoslavian team 95–69 in the championship game in winning the gold medal. On March 24, 1993, Cremins agreed to coach basketball at his alma mater, the University of South Carolina, before changing his mind and deciding three days to continue at Georgia Tech. In 2003, Georgia Tech named the basketball court at the Alexander Memorial Coliseum on the Georgia Tech campus, the "Cremins Court". Paul Hewitt would take his place at Georgia Tech in 2000. Cremins announced his retirement after the 1999–2000 season with a 25-year coaching record of 452–303, with a Georgia Tech coaching record of 354-237 in 19 seasons, he is away the winningest coach in Georgia Tech history. With his platinum blond hair, Cremins was an iconic figure at Georgia Tech, it was common for fans to show up at Alexander Memorial Coliseum wearing blond wigs