Gloucestershire is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn, the entire Forest of Dean; the county town is the city of Gloucester, other principal towns include Cheltenham, Tewkesbury and Dursley. Gloucestershire borders Herefordshire to the north west, Wiltshire to the south and Somerset to the south west, Worcestershire to the north, Oxfordshire to the east, Warwickshire to the north east, the Welsh county of Monmouthshire to the west. Gloucestershire is a historic county mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in the 10th century, though the areas of Winchcombe and the Forest of Dean were not added until the late 11th century. Gloucestershire included Bristol a small town; the local rural community moved to the port city, Bristol's population growth accelerated during the industrial revolution. Bristol became a county in its own right, separate from Gloucestershire and Somerset in 1373, it became part of the administrative County of Avon from 1974 to 1996.
Upon the abolition of Avon in 1996, the region north of Bristol became a unitary authority area of South Gloucestershire and is now part of the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire. The official former postal county abbreviation was "Glos.", rather than the used but erroneous "Gloucs." or "Glouc". In July 2007, Gloucestershire suffered the worst flooding in recorded British history, with tens of thousands of residents affected; the RAF conducted the largest peacetime domestic operation in its history to rescue over 120 residents from flood affected areas. The damage was estimated at over £2 billion. Gloucestershire has three main landscape areas, a large part of the Cotswolds, the Royal Forest of Dean and the Severn Vale; the Cotswolds take up a large portion of the east and south of the county, The Forest of Dean taking up the west, with the Severn and its valley running between these features. The Daffodil Way in the Leadon Valley, on the border of Gloucestershire and Herefordshire surrounding the village of Dymock, is known for its many spring flowers and woodland, which attracts many walkers.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Gloucestershire at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. The following is a chart of Gloucestershire's gross value added total in thousands of British Pounds Sterling from 1997-2009 based upon the Office for National Statistics figures The 2009 estimation of £11,452 million GVA can be compared to the South West regional average of £7,927 million. Gloucestershire has comprehensive schools with seven selective schools. There are 42 state secondary schools, not including sixth form colleges, 12 independent schools, including the renowned Cheltenham Ladies' College, Cheltenham College and Dean Close School. All but about two schools in each district have a sixth form, but the Forest of Dean only has two schools with sixth forms. All schools in South Gloucestershire have sixth forms. Gloucestershire has two universities, the University of Gloucestershire and the Royal Agricultural University, four higher and further education colleges, Gloucestershire College, Cirencester College, South Gloucestershire and Stroud College and the Royal Forest of Dean College.
Each has campuses at multiple locations throughout the county. The University of the West of England has three locations in Gloucestershire. Gloucestershire has one city and 33 towns: Gloucester The towns in Gloucestershire are: Town in Monmouthshire with suburbs in Gloucestershire: Chepstow The county has two green belt areas, the first covers the southern area in the South Gloucestershire district, to protect outlying villages and towns between Thornbury and Chipping Sodbury from the urban sprawl of the Bristol conurbation; the second belt lies around Gloucester and Bishop's Cleeve, to afford those areas and villages in between a protection from urban sprawl and further convergence. Both belts intersect with the boundaries of the Cotswolds AONB. There are a variety of religious buildings across the county, notably the cathedral of Gloucester, the abbey church of Tewkesbury, the church of Cirencester. Of the abbey of Hailes near Winchcombe, founded by Richard, Earl of Cornwall, in 1246, little more than the foundations are left, but these have been excavated and fragments have been brought to light.
Most of the old market towns have parish churches. At Deerhurst near Tewkesbury and Bishop's Cleeve near Cheltenham, there are churches of special interest on account of the pre-Norman work they retain. There is a Perpendicular church in Lechlade, that at Fairford was built, according to tradition, to contain a series of stained-glass windows which are said to have been brought from the Netherlands; these are, adjudged to be of English workmanship. Other notable buildings include Calcot Barn in a relic of Kingswood Abbey. Thornbury Castle is a Tudor country house, the pretensio
Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, biographer of British political leaders. The son of a Welsh coal-miner and trade unionist, Roy Jenkins was educated at the University of Oxford and served as an intelligence officer in the Second World War. Elected to Parliament as a Labour MP in 1948, he went on to serve in two major posts in Harold Wilson's first government; as Home Secretary from 1965 to 1967, he sought to build what he described as "a civilised society", with measures such as the effective abolition in Britain of both capital punishment and theatre censorship, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, relaxing of divorce law, suspension of birching and the liberalisation of abortion law. As Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1967 and 1970, he pursued a tight fiscal policy, he was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party on 8 July 1970, but resigned in 1972 because he supported entry to the European Communities, while the party opposed it.
When Wilson re-entered government in 1974, Jenkins returned to the Home Office. However disenchanted by the leftward swing of the Labour Party, he chose to leave British politics in 1976, he was the first British holder of this office, is to be the only such. He returned to British politics in 1981. In 1982, Jenkins returned to parliament. However, after disappointment with the performance of the SDP, he resigned as its leader. In 1987, he was elected to succeed Harold Macmillan as Chancellor of the University of Oxford following the latter's death. A few months after becoming Chancellor, he was defeated in his Hillhead constituency by the Labour candidate, George Galloway. Jenkins sat as a Liberal Democrat. In the late 1990s, he was an adviser to Tony Blair and chaired the Jenkins Commission on electoral reform. Jenkins died in 2003, aged 82. In addition to his political career, he was a noted historian and writer, his A Life at the Centre is regarded as one of the best autobiographies of the 20th century, which "will be read with pleasure long after most examples of the genre have been forgotten".
Born in Abersychan, Monmouthshire, in south-eastern Wales, as an only child, Roy Jenkins was the son of a National Union of Mineworkers official, Arthur Jenkins. His father was imprisoned during the 1926 General Strike for his alleged involvement in disturbances. Arthur Jenkins became President of the South Wales Miners' Federation and Member of Parliament for Pontypool, Parliamentary Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, a minister in the 1945 Labour government. Roy Jenkins' mother, Hattie Harris, was the daughter of a steelworks manager. Jenkins was educated at Pentwyn Primary School, Abersychan County Grammar School, University College, at Balliol College, where he was twice defeated for the Presidency of the Oxford Union but took First-Class Honours in Politics and Economics, his university colleagues included Tony Crosland, Denis Healey and Edward Heath, he became friends with all three, although he was never close to Healey. In John Campbell's book A Well-Rounded Life a romantic relationship between Jenkins and Crosland was detailed.
During the Second World War, Jenkins served with the Royal Artillery and as a Bletchley Park codebreaker, reaching the rank of captain. Having failed to win Solihull in 1945, he was elected to the House of Commons in a 1948 by-election as the Member of Parliament for Southwark Central, becoming the "Baby of the House", his constituency was abolished in boundary changes for the 1950 general election, when he stood instead in the new Birmingham Stechford constituency. He won the seat, represented the constituency until 1977. Jenkins was principal sponsor, in 1959, of the bill which became the liberalising Obscene Publications Act, responsible for establishing the "liable to deprave and corrupt" criterion as a basis for a prosecution of suspect material and for specifying literary merit as a possible defence. Like Healey and Crosland, he had been a close friend of Hugh Gaitskell and for them Gaitskell's death and the elevation of Harold Wilson as Labour Party leader was a setback. After the 1964 general election Jenkins was appointed Minister of Aviation and was sworn of the Privy Council.
While at Aviation he oversaw the high-profile cancellations of the BAC TSR-2 and Concorde projects. In January 1965 Patrick Gordon Walker resigned as Foreign Secretary and in the ensuing reshuffle Wilson offered Jenkins the Department for Education and Science, he declined it. In the summer of 1965 Jenkins eagerly accepted an offer to replace Frank Soskice as Home Secretary; however Wilson, dismayed by a sudden bout of press speculation about the potential move, delayed Jenkins' appointment until December. Once Jenkins took office – the youngest Home Secretary since Churchill – he set about reforming the operation and organisation of the Home Office; the Principal Private Secretary, Head of the Press and Publicity Department
Sir Rupert Charles Hart-Davis was an English publisher and editor. He founded the publishing company Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd; as a biographer, he is remembered for his Hugh Walpole, as an editor, for his Collected Letters of Oscar Wilde, and, as both editor and part-author, for the Lyttelton/Hart-Davis Letters. Working at a publishing firm before the Second World War, Hart-Davis began to forge literary relationships that would be important in his career. Founding his publishing company in 1946, Hart-Davis was praised for the quality of the firm's publications and production. After relinquishing control of the firm, Hart-Davis concentrated on writing and editing, producing collections of letters and other works which brought him the sobriquet "the king of editors." Hart-Davis was born in London. He was the son of Richard Hart-Davis, a stockbroker, his wife Sybil née Cooper, but by the time of his conception the couple were estranged, though still living together, Sybil Hart-Davis had many lovers at that period.
Hart-Davis believed the most candidate for his natural father to be a Yorkshire banker called Gervase Beckett. As a child, Rupert Hart-Davis and his sister Deirdre Hart-Davis were drawn by Augustus John and painted by William Nicholson. Hart-Davis was educated at Eton and Balliol College, though he found university life not to his taste and left after less than a year. Hart-Davis decided to become an actor, he studied at The Old Vic, where he came to realise that he was not a talented enough actor to succeed, he turned instead to publishing in 1929, joining William Heinemann Ltd. as an office boy and assistant to the managing director Charley Evans. He spent two years with a year as manager of the Book Society. In his seven years with Cape, Hart-Davis recruited a successful group of authors ranging from the poets William Plomer, Cecil Day-Lewis, Edmund Blunden and Robert Frost, to the humorist Beachcomber, he was well placed to secure Duff Cooper's life of Talleyrand. As the junior partner at Cape, he had to handle their difficult authors including Robert Graves, Wyndham Lewis and Arthur Ransome, the last being seen as difficult because of his wife Genia, with her "distrustfulness and guile".
Hart-Davis was a close friend of Ransome, sharing an enthusiasm for rugby. After Cape's death he commented to George Lyttelton that Cape had been "one of the tightest-fisted old bastards I've encountered"; the second partner, Wren Howard, was "even tighter" than Cape, neither of them liked fraternising with authors, which they left to Hart-Davis. In World War II Hart-Davis volunteered for military service as a private soldier, but was soon commissioned into the Coldstream Guards, he did not see active service. After the war, Hart-Davis was unable to obtain satisfactory terms from Jonathan Cape to return to the company, in 1946 he struck out on his own, founding Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd, in partnership with David Garnett and Teddy Young and with financial backing from Eric Linklater, Arthur Ransome, H. E. Bates, Geoffrey Keynes, Celia and Peter Fleming, his own literary tastes dictated which rejected. He turned down commercial successes because he thought little of the works' literary merit, he said, "I found that the sales of the books I published were in inverse ratio to my opinion of them.
That's why I established some sort of reputation without making any money."In 1946 paper was still rationed. However, the firm was given the allocation at cost of a Glasgow bookseller and occasional prewar publisher, Alan Jackson; the partners decided to start with reprints of dead authors, as if a new book became a best-seller the firm would not have paper for a reprint and the author might leave. They made an exception for Stephen Potter's Gamesmanship, a short book, collected every ream of paper they could buy and printed 25,000 copies. 25,000 copies of Eric Linklater's Sealskin Trousers were printed. The firm had best-sellers such as Gamesmanship and Heinrich Harrer's Seven Years in Tibet, which sold more than 200,000 copies. In the early years Hart-Davis secured Ray Bradbury for his firm, recognising the quality of a science fiction author who wrote poetry. Other good sellers were Eric Linklater and Gerald Durrell. A further expense was added when G. M. Young's biography of Stanley Baldwin was published in 1952.
With the help of the lawyer Arnold Goodman an agreement was reached to replace the offending sentences, but the firm had the "hideously expensive" job of removing and replacing seven leaves from 7,580 copies. By the mid-fifties, Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd could no longer sustain an independent existence and in 1956 it was absorbed into the Heinemann group. Heinemann sold the imprint to the American firm Harcourt Brace in 1961, who sold it to the Granada Group in 1963, when Hart-Davis retired from publishing, though remaining as non-executive chairman until
Worcester College, Oxford
Worcester College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. The college was founded in 1714 by the benefaction of Sir Thomas Cookes, a Worcestershire baronet, with the college gaining its name from the county of Worcestershire, its predecessor, Gloucester College, had been an institution of learning on the same site since the late 13th century until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539. Founded as a men's college, Worcester has been coeducational since 1979; as of July 2016, Worcester College had a financial endowment of £73 million. Notable alumni of the college include the media mogul Rupert Murdoch, television producer and screenwriter Russell T Davies, US Supreme Court justice Elena Kagan, novelist Richard Adams; the buildings are diverse in the main quadrangle: looking down into the main quadrangle from the entrance through the main building, to the right is an imposing eighteenth century building in the neo-classical style. These cottages are the most substantial surviving part of Gloucester College, Worcester's predecessor on the same site: this was a college for Benedictine monks, founded in 1283 and dissolved with the Dissolution of the Monasteries in about 1539.
After a lapse of 20 years, the buildings of the old Gloucester College were used in the foundation of Gloucester Hall, in around 1560. The penultimate principal, Benjamin Woodroffe, attempted to establish there a'Greek College' for Greek Orthodox students to come to Oxford, part of a scheme to make ecumenical links with the Church of England; this was a going concern from 1699 to 1705. In 1714, thanks to a fortunate benefaction from a Worcestershire baronet, Sir Thomas Cookes, Gloucester Hall was transformed into Worcester College. There were only sufficient funds to rebuild the Chapel and Library and the north side of the Front Quad, known as the Terrace; the designs were by Dr. George Clarke. In 1736, Clarke generously left to the College his great collection of manuscripts; these included the papers of his father William Clarke and a large proportion of the surviving drawings of Inigo Jones. Owing to lack of funds, Worcester's eighteenth-century building programme proceeded by fits and starts.
The west end of the Terrace and the Provost's Lodgings were added in 1773–76. The medieval cottages were to have been replaced by a further classical range, but survived because money for this purpose was never available; the College Chapel was built in the 18th century. Dr George Clarke, Henry Keene and James Wyatt were responsible for different stages of its lengthy construction, owing to shortage of funds; the interior columns and pilasters, the dome and the delicate foliage plastering are all Wyatt's work. His classical interior was insufficiently emphatic for the tastes of militant Victorian churchmen, between 1864 and 1866 the chapel was redecorated by William Burges, it is unusual and decorative. Its stained glass windows were to have been designed by John Everett Millais, but Burges rejected his designs and entrusted the work to Henry Holiday. Oscar Wilde said of the Chapel, "As a piece of simple decorative and beautiful art it is perfect, the windows artistic." Worcester is unique among the Oxford colleges in that it has not one, but two chapel choirs of equal status, which share out the weekly services between them.
There is a mixed-voice choir constituted of auditioned choral scholars and volunteers, which sings twice a week: weekly on Thursday and on alternating Sunday and Monday evenings. The Boys' Choir consists of trebles from Christ Church Cathedral School and alto and bass choral scholars; this choir sings twice weekly. These choirs are run on a day-to-day basis by Worcester’s three Organ Scholars alongside the Director of Music. Burges started the redecoration of the Hall in 1877, but the work remained uncompleted at his death, in 1966 Wyatt's designs were restored. In more recent years several new residential blocks for undergraduates and graduates have been added, thanks in part to a series of generous benefactions; the latest of these include the Earl building, Sainsbury Building, Linbury Building, Canal Building, Ruskin Lane Building, the Franks Building. A modern addition to Worcester College, the Canal Building, sits next to the north entrance to the college and, as the name suggests, beside the Oxford Canal.
It houses 50 students in large en-suite single rooms. The accommodation is reserved for third and fourth year undergraduates. Although Worcester is near the centre of Oxford today, it was on the edge of the city in the eighteenth century; this has proved a benefit in the long run, since it has allowed the college to retain extensive gardens and, uniquely among Oxford colleges, contiguous playing fields. The gardens have won numerous awards, including the Oxford in Bloom college award every time they have been entered for the competition. Extensive work on the gardens was carried out between 1817 and 1820, they may have been laid out in the Picturesque style by Richard Greswell in 1827
The Lyttelton/Hart-Davis Letters are a correspondence between two literary Englishmen, George Lyttelton and Rupert Hart-Davis, written between 1955 and Lyttelton's death, published by Hart-Davis in six volumes between 1978 and 1984. George Lyttelton had been a master at Eton College, where he encouraged the literary tastes of the teenaged Hart-Davis during the latter's final year there. After Hart-Davis left Eton their paths diverged, but they embarked on a weekly correspondence in 1955, by which time Lyttelton had retired and Hart-Davis had become an eminent publisher; the letters continued without a break for the rest of Lyttelton's life. In 1978, 16 years after Lyttelton's death, Hart-Davis began publishing the correspondence, by 1984 all the letters had been published, in six volumes; the philosopher A. C. Grayling observed: Hart-Davis was a civilised and well-connected man, whose quotidian avocations brought him into contact with all the great literary and musical names of the 1950s and 1960s.
His letters are casually star-studded, give absorbing glimpses of the affairs of the Literary Society, the London Library, a long cast-list of celebrities from Siegfried Sassoon to T. S. Eliot, from Winston Churchill to the Fleming brothers Ian and Peter. Throughout the period of the correspondence, he was editing the letters of Oscar Wilde, a mammoth undertaking whose difficulties and challenges are documented in great detail in the letters, giving a satisfying portrayal of what dedication in literary scholarship looks like from the inside... But the indisputable star of the show is George Lyttelton. What a wonderfully well-stocked, perceptive, agreeable mind! And what a genius as a letter-writer, touching the right notes with every stroke of his pen, a fountain of allusion and delicious wit. In The Times Philip Ziegler commented, "If twentieth century civilisation has to put forward one champion by which it will be judged, their letters would not be an unworthy candidate." Kenneth Rose, in The Sunday Telegraph, called the letters, "One of the most urbane and entertaining correspondences of our time."
The Independent on Sunday commented, "Lyttelton's wit and huge fund of literary knowledge make every page of this volume a complete delight. He is ably abetted by Hart-Davis, who well understood how to elicit the gems from Lyttelton's mighty store; the result is one of the most enjoyable books in the world." The letters are bookish, revealing a shared delight in, encyclopaedic knowledge of, the English language and its texts. Neither man made claim to expertise in music or the visual arts, where their tastes were conventional. To admirers of the letters, not least of the pleasures of reading them is being spurred to go and read a poem, a play or a book quoted with approval and delight by one or other of the correspondents. Another diversion is spotting their allusions: "Writing in your summer house in January! Please go indoors at once and try no more alfresco composition until the swallow dares. We have aconites and many snowdrops in flower: can Spring be far behind? Yes, it bloody well can, as we shall doubtless see".
"I am once again writing in my club – and rather as I must hear why a stoutish man is urging a still stouter one to have a local and not general anaesthetic. I itch to tell the speaker to be more lucid and set my mind at rest on the precise nature and geography of the contemplated operation. I only think, cannot be certain, that the trouble calling for the knife is a boil on the gluteus maximus, but it may be that distressing and universal complaint." "You are hereby absolved from struggling with Finnegans Wake. When an American professor was sent for a review a book called A Key to F. W. he sent it back, saying'What F. W. needs is not a key but a lock'." "I love re-reading. Each night from 10.30 to 12 I read Gibbon out loud. I read richly, not to say juicily; some matter-of-fact man of blunt or gross perceptions might say it was the ashes cooling in the grate, but I know better. It is the little creatures of the night and crickets and spiderlings, a mouse or two and small gnats in a wailful choir, come out to listen to the Gibbonian music –'Twenty-two acknowledged concubines, a library of sixty-two thousand volumes, attested the variety of his inclinations.
– what sentient being, however humble, could resist that?" All volumes were published by John Murray Ltd.: Vol 1 published 1978 ISBN 978-0-7195-3478-2 Vol 2 published 1979 ISBN 978-0-7195-3673-1 Vol 3 published 1981 ISBN 978-0-7195-3770-7 Vol 4 published 1982 ISBN 978-0-7195-3941-1 Vol 5 published 1983 ISBN 978-0-7195-3999-2 Vol 6 published 1984 ISBN 978-0-7195-4108-7In 1985-87, the letters were published in paperback by John Murray. Each paperback volume contained the text of two of the original hardback volumes; the ISBNs of the three double volumes were 978-0-7195-4246-6, 978-0-7195-4290-9, 978-0-7195-4381-4. In 2001, a single-volume abridgement of the full set of letters was published by John Murray; the abridgement, made by Roger Hudson, received widespread and favourable reviews. Hudson added many extra footnotes for the benefit of a new generation of re
Victoria, Princess Royal
Victoria, Princess Royal was German Empress and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III. She was the eldest child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was created Princess Royal in 1841, she was the mother of German Emperor. Educated by her father in a politically liberal environment, she was betrothed at the age of sixteen to Prince Frederick of Prussia and supported him in his views that Prussia and the German Empire should become a constitutional monarchy on the British model. Criticised for this attitude and for her English origins, Victoria suffered ostracism by the Hohenzollerns and the Berlin court; this isolation increased after the arrival of Otto von Bismarck to power in 1862. Victoria was empress and queen of Prussia for only a few months, during which she had opportunity to influence the policy of the German Empire. Frederick III died in 1888 – just 99 days after his accession – from laryngeal cancer and was succeeded by their son William II, who had much more conservative views than his parents.
After her husband's death, she became known as Empress Frederick. The empress dowager settled in Kronberg im Taunus, where she built Friedrichshof, a castle, named in honour of her late husband. Isolated after the weddings of her younger daughters, Victoria died of breast cancer a few months after her mother in 1901; the correspondence between Victoria and her parents has been preserved completely: 3,777 letters from Queen Victoria to her eldest daughter, about 4,000 letters from the empress to her mother are preserved and catalogued. These give a detailed insight into the life of the Prussian court between 1858 and 1900. Princess Victoria was born on 21 November 1840 at London, she was her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. When she was born, the doctor exclaimed sadly: "Oh Madame, it's a girl!" And the Queen replied: "Never mind, next time it will be a prince!". She was baptised in the Throne Room of Buckingham Palace on 10 February 1841 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Howley.
The Lily font was commissioned for the occasion of her christening. Her godparents were Queen Adelaide, the King of the Belgians, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the Duke of Sussex, the Duchess of Gloucester and the Duchess of Kent; as a daughter of the sovereign, Victoria was born a British princess. On 19 January 1841, she was made Princess Royal, a title sometimes conferred on the eldest daughter of the sovereign. In addition, she was heir presumptive to the throne of the United Kingdom, before the birth of her younger brother Prince Albert Edward on 9 November 1841. To her family, she was known as "Vicky"; the royal couple decided to give their children as complete an education as possible. In fact, Queen Victoria, who succeeded her uncle King William IV at the age of 18, believed that she herself had not been sufficiently prepared for the government affairs. For his part, Prince Albert, born in the small Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, had received a more careful education, thanks to his uncle King Leopold I of Belgium.
Shortly after the birth of Victoria, Prince Albert wrote a memoir detailing the tasks and duties of all those involved with the royal children. Another 48-page document, written a year and a half by the Baron Stockmar, intimate of the royal couple, details the educational principles which were to be used with the little princes; the royal couple, had only a vague idea of the proper educational development of a child. Queen Victoria, for example, believed that the fact that her baby sucked on bracelets was a sign of deficient education. According to Hannah Pakula, biographer of the future German empress, the first two governesses of the princess were therefore well chosen. Experienced in dealing with children, Lady Lyttelton directed the nursery through which passed all royal children after Victoria's second year; the diplomatic young woman managed to soften the unrealistic demands of the royal couple. Sarah Anne Hildyard, the children's second governess, was a competent teacher who developed a close relationship with her students.
Precocious and intelligent, Victoria began to learn French at the age of 18 months, she began to study German when aged four. She learned Greek and Latin. From the age of six, her curriculum included lessons of arithmetic and history, her father tutored her in politics and philosophy, she studied science and literature. Her school days, interrupted by three hours of recreation, began at 8:20 and finished at 18:00. Unlike her brother, whose educational program was more severe, Victoria was an excellent student, always hungry for knowledge. However, she showed an obstinate character. Queen Victoria and her husband wanted to remove their children from court life as much as possible, so they acquired Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. Near the main building, Albert built for his children a Swiss-inspired cottage with a small kitchen and a carpentry workshop. In this building, the royal children learned practical life. Prince Albert was involved in the education of their offspring, he followed the progress of his children and gave some of their lessons himself, as well as spending time playing with them.
Victoria is described as having "idolised" her father and having inherited his li