The Living End
The Living End are an Australian punk rock band, which formed in 1994. Since 2002 the line up consists of Scott Owen and Andy Strachan; the band rose to fame in 1997 after the release of their double A-sided single, "Second Solution" / "Prisoner of Society", which peaked at No. 4 on the ARIA Singles Chart. They have released six studio albums and two reached the No. 1 spot on the ARIA Albums Chart: self-titled album and State of Emergency. They have gained chart success in the United States and United Kingdom. At ARIA Music Awards ceremonies they have been nominated 27 times and have won five awards: Highest Selling Single for "Second Solution / Prisoner of Society", Breakthrough Artist – Album and Best Group for The Living End, Best Rock Album for White Noise, the same category for The Ending Is Just the Beginning Repeating. Australian musicologist Ian McFarlane described the group which "emerged as one of the country's premier rock acts. By blending a range of styles with great success, The Living End has managed to produce anthemic choruses and memorable songs in abundance".
In October 2010 their debut album was listed in the book, 100 Best Australian Albums. The Living End were formed in 1994 by Chris Cheney and Scott Owen, who had met years earlier in primary school through their older sisters and began performing together from 1990 while attending Wheelers Hill Secondary College in Melbourne. Cheney and Owen had their first public gig at The Rob Roy in Melbourne in 1991. Cheney was a fan of rockabilly group Stray Cats and this prompted Owen, who played piano, to switch to double bass; the pair formed The Runaway Boys, which performed Stray Cats and The Clash material. That group were named after a track, of the same name, from the Stray Cats self-titled debut album; the Runaway Boys played in the local rockabilly music scene but expanded their audience by performing in regional towns and backing popular Melbourne cover band Mercury Blue at the Wheelers Hill Hotel/Pub. Cheney recalled "e played to all the jivers and rock'n' rollers... And we drifted into Melbourne's rockabilly scene".
As Cheney and Owen persevered, the band went through several drummers, while they were still attending school. By 1994 Cheney and Owen were writing their own material and decided to change the band's name to The Living End – a reference to the film, Rock Around the Clock. According to Cheney "It's an old'50s term, meaning'far out','the greatest'... We were still into the whole'50s thing, but we wanted a neutral name, one that didn't suggest any one style of music". With Cheney on lead guitar and lead vocals, Owen on double bass and backing vocals, the group settled on Joe Piripitzi as their drummer. Cheney considered Piripitzi to be ideal due to his charismatic appearance. During that year they recorded a track, "Headlines", co-written by Cheney and Owen; the group sent a T-shirt and demo tape to Green Day guitarist and lead vocalist, Billie Joe Armstrong, landed a support slot for Green Day's 1995 Australian tour. After that tour, The Living End recorded additional tracks for their debut extended play, which received moderate support from community radio stations.
It included "Headlines" from the previous year. Ed Nimmervoll, an Australian musicologist, described the EP's sound: "they turned their back on'50s rock revivalism and adapted that instrumentation to original songs steeped in UK punk". In November 1995, the trio recorded their second EP, It's for Your Own Good, which appeared in the following June; the six-track EP was co-produced by Lindsay Gravina, Mike Alonso and The Living End for the Rapido label. It included their first radio airplay hit, "From Here on In", placed on high rotation by national youth radio network, Triple J. Shortly after, Piripitzi was fired, he was replaced on drums by Travis Demsey. With Demsey the group appeared at major festivals: the Falls Festival. Demsey's drum style was compared with The. "From Here on In" was used on the soundtrack for the 1998 film, Occasional Course Language. The Living End toured Australia for a year in August 1997 they recorded new material to sell at their live shows, their double A-sided single, "Second Solution" / "Prisoner of Society", was issued in January the following year.
That month they had supported The Offspring on the Australian leg of their tour. "Second Solution" / "Prisoner of Society" peaked at No. 4 on the ARIA Singles Chart, was certified double-platinum by ARIA for shipment of 140,000 copies. At the ARIA Music Awards of 1998 it won the Highest Selling Single category, it lasted a record-breaking 47 weeks in the Top 50. In October 1998 it peaked at No. 28 on the New Zealand Singles Chart. It was featured in the game, Guitar Hero World Tour. "Second Solution" was used in the soundtrack for the 2002 movie, which starred Trevor Fehrman, Matthew Lawrence, Mary Tyler Moore. Early in 1998 "Prisoner of Society" was issued as a separate single in the United Kingdom and, the following year, in the US; the single appeared in the top 200 of the UK Singles Chart, peaked at No. 23 on the Billboard's Alternative Songs Chart. The band signed with Modular Recordings for the release of their debut self-titled album, which appeared on 12 October 1998, was co-produced by Gravina with the trio.
It peaked at No. 1 on the ARIA Albums Chart, became the then
State of Emergency (The Living End album)
State of Emergency is the fourth studio album by Australian punk rock band The Living End. It was released in Australia on 4 February 2006, in New Zealand on 6 February and in Japan in May 2006; the album was released in the United States and Canada on 11 July 2006. It debuted in the number one position on the ARIA charts; the first single off the album was "What's on Your Radio", released on 20 November 2005. The follow-up single, "Wake Up" was released on 18 February 2006, debuted at number 5 on the ARIA charts, making it the highest single debut position for The Living End; the limited edition comes with a DVD, documenting the stages of making the album and shows footage of their performances, including the band as The Longnecks and at Splendour in the Grass. The band released a live DVD of the State of Emergency Tour, Live at Festival Hall. A limited edition vinyl of the album is limited to 500 copies worldwide. ARIA publicized that State of Emergency had achieved 2x Platinum status in Australia in November 2007.
This was a great achievement as all of their other album releases were awarded a higher accreditation. The album is now their second highest selling behind the efforts of their record-breaking debut. In December 2005, The Living End, as The Longnecks, played gigs in Sydney featuring tracks from the album; this was to test out audience reactions to new songs in order to ready themselves for the Big Day Out. Tracks were given a live airing in festivals of late 2005 and early 2006, such as the 2005 Homebake festival at The Domain, Sydney; the Living End played at Splendour in the Grass, a music festival in Byron Bay the day before they were due to start recording State of Emergency. 301 Studios was across the road from where they were playing. Band members decided that if they got positive reactions during their performance, they'd do well producing the record and be in the right frame of mind to do so. All tracks written by C. Cheney, except where noted. How to Make an Album and Influence People is a documentary DVD covering the making of State of Emergency and behind the scenes footage of the band.
Starting from laying down the basic tracks in a practice studio, to the re-introduction of Nick Launay and playing a gig at Splendour in the Grass in 2005, before heading to the studio to record and mix the album. The DVD came as a bonus with the limited edition album
Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock, they produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; the term "punk rock" was first used by certain American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and subsequent acts perceived as stylistic inheritors. Between 1974 and 1976 the movement now called. By late 1976, bands such as Television and the Ramones in New York City, the Sex Pistols, the Clash, the Damned in London, the Saints in Brisbane were recognized as forming its vanguard; as 1977 approached, punk became a major and controversial cultural phenomenon in the UK. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion through distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.
In 1977 the influence of the music and subculture became more pervasive. It took root in a wide range of local scenes that rejected affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as new acts that were not active during its formative years adopted the style. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk, street punk and anarcho-punk became the predominant modes of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk pursued other musical directions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new wave, indie pop, alternative rock, noise rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged in the mainstream with the success of punk rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day, The Offspring, Blink-182; the first wave of punk rock was "aggressively modern" and differed from what came before. According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone, "In its initial form, a lot of stuff was innovative and exciting. What happens is that people who could not hold a candle to the likes of Hendrix started noodling away.
Soon you had endless solos. By 1973, I knew that what was needed was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock'n' roll." John Holmstrom, founding editor of Punk magazine, recalls feeling "punk rock had to come along because the rock scene had become so tame that like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans and roll meant this wild and rebellious music." In critic Robert Christgau's description, "It was a subculture that scornfully rejected the political idealism and Californian flower-power silliness of hippie myth." Technical accessibility and a Do. UK pub rock from 1972-1975 contributed to the emergence of punk rock by developing a network of small venues, such as pubs, where non-mainstream bands could play. Pub rock introduced the idea of independent record labels, such as Stiff Records, which put out basic, low-cost records. Pub rock bands put out small pressings of their records. In the early days of punk rock, this DIY ethic stood in marked contrast to what those in the scene regarded as the ostentatious musical effects and technological demands of many mainstream rock bands.
Musical virtuosity was looked on with suspicion. According to Holmstrom, punk rock was "rock and roll by people who didn't have many skills as musicians but still felt the need to express themselves through music". In December 1976, the English fanzine Sideburns published a now-famous illustration of three chords, captioned "This is a chord, this is another, this is a third. Now form a band"; the title of a 1980 single by the New York punk band Stimulators, "Loud Fast Rules!", inscribed a catchphrase for punk's basic musical approach. Some of British punk rock's leading figures made a show of rejecting not only contemporary mainstream rock and the broader culture it was associated with, but their own most celebrated music predecessors: "No Elvis, Beatles or the Rolling Stones in 1977", declared the Clash song "1977"; the previous year, when the punk rock revolution began in Great Britain, was to be both a musical and a cultural "Year Zero". As nostalgia was discarded, many in the scene adopted a nihilistic attitude summed up by the Sex Pistols slogan "No Future".
While "self-imposed alienation" was common among "drunk punks" and "gutter punks", there was always a tension between their nihilistic outlook and the "radical leftist utopianism" of bands such as Crass, who found positive, liberating meaning in the movement. As a Clash associate describes singer Joe Strummer's outlook, "Punk rock is meant to be our freedom. We're meant to be able to do what we want to do."The issue of authenticity is important in the punk subculture—the pejorative term "poseur" is applied to those who associate with punk and adopt its stylistic attributes but are deemed not to share or understand the underlying values and philosophy. Scholar Daniel S. Traber argues that "attaining authenticity in the punk identity can be difficult".
In the music industry, a single is a type of release a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song, released separately from an album, although it also appears on an album; these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks; the biggest digital music distributor, iTunes Store, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as does popular music player Spotify. Any more than three tracks on a musical release or thirty minutes in total running time is either an extended play or, if over six tracks long, an album; when mainstream music was purchased via vinyl records, singles would be released double-sided.
That is to say, they were released with an A-side and B-side, on which two singles would be released, one on each side. Moreover, only the most popular songs from a released album would be released as a single. In more contemporary forms of music consumption, artists release most, if not all, of the tracks on an album as singles; the basic specifications of the music single were set in the late 19th century, when the gramophone record began to supersede phonograph cylinders in commercially produced musical recordings. Gramophone discs were manufactured in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch, 78 rpm shellac disc had become the most used format; the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century. The crude disc-cutting techniques of the time and the thickness of the needles used on record players limited the number of grooves per inch that could be inscribed on the disc surface, a high rotation speed was necessary to achieve acceptable recording and playback fidelity.
78 rpm was chosen as the standard because of the introduction of the electrically powered, synchronous turntable motor in 1925, which ran at 3600 rpm with a 46:1 gear ratio, resulting in a rotation speed of 78.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers tailored their output to fit the new medium; the 3-minute single remained the standard into the 1960s, when the availability of microgroove recording and improved mastering techniques enabled recording artists to increase the duration of their recorded songs. The breakthrough came with Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone". Although CBS tried to make the record more "radio friendly" by cutting the performance into halves, separating them between the two sides of the vinyl disc, both Dylan and his fans demanded that the full six-minute take be placed on one side, that radio stations play the song in its entirety; as digital downloading and audio streaming have become more prevalent, it has become possible for every track on an album to be available separately.
The concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a more promoted or more popular song within an album collection. The demand for music downloads skyrocketed after the launch of Apple's iTunes Store in January 2001 and the creation of portable music and digital audio players such as the iPod. In September 1997, with the release of Duran Duran's "Electric Barbarella" for paid downloads, Capitol Records became the first major label to sell a digital single from a well-known artist. Geffen Records released Aerosmith's "Head First" digitally for free. In 2004, Recording Industry Association of America introduced digital single certification due to significant sales of digital formats, with Gwen Stefani's "Hollaback Girl" becoming RIAA's first platinum digital single. In 2013, RIAA incorporated on-demand streams into the digital single certification. Single sales in the United Kingdom reached an all-time low in January 2005, as the popularity of the compact disc was overtaken by the then-unofficial medium of the music download.
Recognizing this, On 17 April 2005, Official UK Singles Chart added the download format to the existing format of physical CD singles. Gnarls Barkley was the first act to reach No.1 on this chart through downloads alone in April 2006, for their debut single "Crazy", released physically the following week. On 1 January 2007 digital downloads became eligible from the point of release, without the need for an accompanying physical. Sales improved in the following years, reaching a record high in 2008 that still proceeded to be overtaken in 2009, 2010 and 2011. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, 12-inch vinyl discs. Other, less common, formats include singles on Digital Compact Cassette, DVD, LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc; the most common form of the vinyl single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its play speed, 45 rpm, the standard diameter, 7 inches; the 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable and higher-fidelity replacement for the 78 rpm shellac discs.
The first 45
Hellbound is the debut EP by Australian rock band The Living End. "Trace of Doubt" "Hellbound" "Tabletop Show" "The Living End" "Strange" "Headlines" "Mispent Youth" "So Lonely" "Do What I Do" The EP was recorded at Whirled Records, Victoria, Australia, in 1995 except for "Headlines", recorded at Toybox Studios in 1994. Some editions of the release feature the title'The' and'End' in blue, rather than white; the original art features a white square to the right of Chris' head, this has been removed on releases. Hellbound was first released through Shock records re-released through MDS and re-released again through EMI; the first editions of Hellbound feature a ninth bonus track, "Do What I Do". Contrary to popular belief, Chris does not hate the song, but it was taken off the CD for pressings; the EP was re-released remastered as part of a double CD pack in 2005 distributed by EMI. The artwork for both albums is altered on this release
The X Games is an annual extreme sports event hosted and broadcast by ESPN. Coverage is shown on ESPN's sister network, ABC; the inaugural X Games were held during the summer of 1995 in Rhode Island. Participants compete to win bronze and gold medals, as well as prize money; the competition features new tricks such as Tony Hawk's 900 in skateboarding, Travis Pastrana's double backflip in freestyle motocross, Heath Frisby's first snowmobile front flip in Snowmobile Best Trick, Torstein Horgmo's first landed triple cork in a snowboard competition. Concurrent with competition is the "X Fest" sports and music festival, which offers live music, athlete autograph sessions, interactive elements; the X Games gained media exposure due to their big name sponsors, top-tier athletes, consistent fan attendance. As the Journal of Sport Management explains, Generation X and Generation Y are the two demographics most valued by marketers; this creates a broad approach on marketing towards that certain demographic, why the X Games marketing and economic outlook is so "out of the box".
According to a 2008 report by ESPN, in 1997, the Winter X Games inaugural year, 38,000 spectators attended the four-day event. In 1998, the attendance dropped to 25,000 spectators, but just two years a record attendance of 83,500 people attended the Winter X Games' East Coast debut. The X Games and Winter X Games continue to grow with the popularity of action sports and the athletes who compete in them; as part of the X Games, there have been performances by various rock bands over the years, as well as a DJ being on-site at all events. The X Games have made it a point since its founding to stage an eco-friendly event; such measures include organizing recycling campaigns. The X Games has never carried out drug tests on competitors, criticized by the World Anti-Doping Agency director general David Howman and the International Olympic Committee president Thomas Bach; the Winter X Games VIII in 2002 was the first time an X Games event was televised live and had coverage by ESPN's flagship news program, SportsCenter.
Viewership across the three networks that carried coverage of the event – ABC Sports, ESPN, ESPN2 – exceeded 2001's household average by 30% according to Nielsen Media Research. The event reached record highs in several demographic categories. To accommodate the first-time live coverage, nighttime competitions were added, resulting in record attendance for the Aspen/Snowmass venue in Colorado; the 2002 Winter X Games was a huge year for the X Games. It was the first year; the Games continued to add new events including the ski slopestyle event, ski superpipe event, skateboarding etc. The most memorable incident of the 2002 Games was when the entire 2002 U. S. Olympic freestyle snowboarding team showed up to compete in the Winter X snowboard superpipe event, just weeks before the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. In 2002, ESPN announced the establishment of the X Games Global Championship; the Global Championship featured two distinct venues hosting competitions in summer and winter action sports simultaneously.
It consisted of six teams of the world's top athletes, grouped together by their region of origin, to compete in the four-day event. The winter sports were held in Whistler Blackcomb Resort in British Columbia, the events included snowboarding and skiing; the Winter X Games are held in January or February and the Summer X Games are held in August, both in the United States. The location of the Winter X Games is in Aspen, through 2019, while the location for the Summer X Games has been in Los Angeles, changing to Austin, Texas, in June 2014; the X Games has international competitions and demos around the world that are held at varying times throughout the year. The games are shown live on television; the Winter X Games are, as described by ESPN, a competition compiled of the greatest winter action sport athletes from around the world competing on an annual basis. The competition has day and evening events including skiing and snowmobiling; the first Winter X Games took place at Mountain Resort in Big Bear Lake, California, in 1997.
The following two years, the Games were held at Crested Butte Mountain Resort in Colorado. The two years following that, the Games were held in Vermont. Since 2002, the Winter X Games have been held at Aspen's Buttermilk Mountain and will continue to be until 2024, according to ESPN. During 2015's Winter X Games, ESPN used camera drones to capture aerial views of the athlete's runs; this was a first for ESPN. X Games Asia have been held annually since 1998. In May 2003, the X Games held the Global Championships, a special event where five continents competed in 11 disciplines; the event was held in two locations: the Alamodome in San Antonio and Whistler, British Columbia. The final team results, in order, were the United States, Australia and South America. In May 2011, ESPN held a bid to select three host cities in addition to Los Angeles and Tignes, France, to form a six-event calendar for the next three years beginning in 2013. In May 2012, the selected cities were announced: Barcelona, Spain.
The two European cities have hosted the Summer Olympic Games in the past, whereas Brazil has provided several X Games competitors. Despite previous plans for a three-year run, ESPN opted to cancel the global expansion after 2013. Since 2010, Winter X Games Europe have been held in Tignes. In 2018, the X Games had events in Oslo, Norway in May and Sydney, Australia in late October. In 20
Live at Festival Hall
Live at Festival Hall is a video album which captures Australian rock band, the Living End's State of Emergency tour concert on 19 May 2006 at Melbourne's Festival Hall. The video album was issued on 30 September of that year, which peaked at No. 3 on the ARIA Top 40 DVD Chart and was certified gold by ARIA by the end of the year for the shipment of over 7,500 copies. All tracks written by C. Cheney except track 9 & track 14 What's On Your Radio? Second Solution I Can't Give You What I Haven't Got Who's Gonna Save Us? Save The Day One Step Behind Black Cat All Torn Down EP Medley From Here On In The Living End English Army Hellbound Strange Prisoner Of Society'Til The End E-Boogie Long Live the Weekend Uncle Harry Roll On Wake Up West End Riot 4 tracks performed on the night were cut from the DVD due to "quality control"; these tracks were: We Want More The Room No Way Out Tabloid Magazine These tracks were played at this show and throughout the tour. What's On Your Radio? Wake Up Long Live the Weekend Nothing Lasts Forever