New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala
Briolette Kah Bic Runga, recording as Bic Runga, is a New Zealand singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist pop artist. Her first three studio albums debuted at number one on the New Zealand Top 40 Album charts. Runga has found success internationally in Australia and the United Kingdom with her song "Sway". Runga was born in Christchurch, her mother, Sophia Tang, was a Chinese Malaysian lounge singer in Malaysia when she met Joseph Runga, a Māori. They moved to New Zealand to live. Runga is of Ngāti Kahungunu descent. Regarding her name, she explains: "'You say it Bec, rather than Bic.... It's Chinese, it's a strange vowel sound, it means the colour of jade, which might mean green.'" The "strange vowel" is a checked tone. For the meaning of "colour of jade", Bic is 碧 in Chinese characters. Runga grew up in Hornby, Christchurch surrounded by a musically-inclined family, started recording songs with her sisters and Pearl, when she was four years old. Runga's older sister Boh was the vocalist in the New Zealand rock group Stellar, while Pearl is a session singer.
She learnt how to play drums at the age of eleven, guitar at about fourteen. Runga learned to play the keyboard around this time, she attended Cashmere High School, joining high school bands and performing with local jazz groups by her mid-teens. Under the name of "Love Soup", Runga and Kelly Horgan entered the 1993 Smokefreerockquest in Christchurch, winning third place and a music contract with Pagan Records. Using a QE II Arts Council grant, Runga recorded the first Drive EP in Wellington. Unsatisfied with the direction that her music was being taken, she moved to Auckland in 1994 and spent a year writing and performing. In 1995, she sent a new demo of "Drive" to Sony Music, who signed Runga in September of that year and bought her Wellington recordings from Pagan Records. Sony had her re-record the song with more instruments, but it was her demo, used on the upcoming album, it entered the Top 10 in New Zealand and won her the APRA Silver Scroll award in 1996. Runga released "Bursting Through", the first single from her upcoming album entitled Drive.
The success of the singles led to the release of her debut album, Drive, in 1997. Runga's song "Sway", along with a duet with Dan Wilson of Semisonic called "Good Morning Baby", were used in the films American Pie, Cruel Intentions. Six singles were released from the album, while "Sway" was released in New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Germany. Runga has recorded two songs called "Drive"; the first was her own. The second was a 1999 collaboration with fellow New Zealanders Strawpeople, providing guest vocals for their cover of The Cars' classic 1984 hit. In 2000, Runga toured with Tim Finn and Dave Dobbyn, resulting in a release of a live album in November 2000, titled Together in Concert: Live, it has been certified 3x platinum. Runga released her second solo album, Beautiful Collision in 2002, it has been certified 10x platinum in New Zealand. Her third studio album, was released in New Zealand on 28 November 2005. New Zealand artists Neil Finn and Anika Moa contributed to the album; the first single, "Winning Arrow", was released on the same day.
It was her third consecutive studio album. Birds was certified triple platinum. Runga played a'Vietnamese lounge singer' in the 2005 film Little Fish, covered Gene Pitney's "Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart" for the soundtrack. In 2006, Runga was honoured with the New Zealand Order of Merit. In November 2008, Runga released Try to Remember Everything, a collection of unreleased and rare Bic Runga recordings from 1996 to 2008; the album was certified Gold in New Zealand on 14 December 2008. Runga contributed to the score and soundtrack to New Zealand filmmaker Roseanne Liang's debut feature film My Wedding and Other Secrets. In addition to featuring "Say After Me" from Birds, the film included two tracks from her fourth album Belle. Belle was released in November 2011. Runga completed a 17 date tour across New Zealand and 13 dates across Ireland, United Kingdom and Australia. A greatest hits album, was released on 1 December 2012. In June 2015, Runga released a new single titled "Dreamed a Dream".
This was a collaboration with Hollie Fullbrook of Tiny Ruins, with whom she toured New Zealand in June and July 2015. As well as solo performances by both artists, these shows included covers of songs by Simon & Garfunkel, Yoko Ono, Francoise Hardy and Fleetwood Mac. In October 2016, it was announced that Runga would release an album of consisting of ten covers and two original tracks titled Close Your Eyes. "Close Your Eyes" was released on 14 October 2016 as a single. In November 2016, Runga was inducted into the New Zealand Music Hall of Fame. Recorded Music CEO Damian Vaughan said "Bic is one of our most loved and treasured recording artists, her songs are recognizable and have been part of the fabric of New Zealand for more than 20 years. We're honored to present Bic with the 2016 Legacy Award and induct her into the NZ Music Hall of Fame". Runga's partner is singer Kody Nielson, she has three children: Joe and Frida. In the 2006 New Year Honours Runga was appointed a Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to music.
Drive Beautiful Collision Birds Belle Close Your Eyes Try to Remember Everything Anthology Together in Conce
Sway (Bic Runga song)
"Sway" is a song by New Zealand recording artist Bic Runga. It was released as Drive. At the New Zealand Music Awards of 1998, the song won three awards,'Single of the Year','Best Songwriter' and'Best Engineer'; the song was featured in the 1999 film American Pie as well as the 2012 American Reunion. An acoustic version of the song can be found on the charity album Even Better than the Real Thing Vol. 2. In 2001 it was voted 6th best New Zealand song of all time by members of APRA. New Zealand CD single"Sway" - 4:14 "I Don't Mean It" - 3:18 "Lonely Lola Cherry Cola Girl" - 3:56Australian CD Single"Sway" - 4:24 "Dust" - 2:09 "Close The Door, Put Out The Light" - 2:37 It was covered by Filipino acoustic band MYMP. Bic Runga Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Drive (Bic Runga album)
Drive is the debut solo album by New Zealand artist Bic Runga, released in August 1997 in New Zealand. The album was released the following year in Australia and Europe, on 21 July 1998 in the United States; this album went seven times platinum in New Zealand. The album won New Zealand Music Award for Album of the Year in 1998. All tracks by Bic Runga."Drive" – 2:47 "Sway" – 4:24 "Hey" – 3:16 "Bursting Through" – 3:42 "Swim" – 4:44 "Roll into One" – 3:19 "Suddenly Strange" – 4:18 "Sorry" – 3:23 "Heal" – 3:32 "Delight" – 4:00 "Without You" – 4:01 Bic Runga – vocals, xylophone, drums, backing vocals Peter Asher – backing vocals Wayne Bell – drums, percussion Sally-Anne Brown – cello Paul Casserly – samples Davey Fargher – bass Jay Foulkes – percussion Josh Freese – drums Duncan Hayes – Rhodes piano, string arrangement Niall Macken – additional arrangement Aaron McDonald – bass Boh Runga – backing vocals Nick Seymour – additional arrangement Malcolm Smith – keyboard, additional samples Karl Steven – additional arrangement Andrew Thorne – guitar, backing vocals Gary Verberne – guitar Kate Walshe – violin Matt Wallace – guitar, backing vocals Sarah Yates – strings Bic's official website
"Bursting Through" is a song by New Zealand artist Bic Runga, released in September 1996 as the first single from her debut studio album, Drive. In 2001, the song was voted 51st best New Zealand song of all time by members of APRA. "Bursting Through" "Making a Scene" "Bursting Through" Bic's official website Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Anthology (Bic Runga album)
Anthology is a compilation album by New Zealand singer-song writer and multi-instrumentalist Bic Runga. The album was set to be released on 23 November 2012, but released on 1 December 2012 in New Zealand; the album cover was revealed on 29 October 2012. Lydia Jenkin from The Herald NZ gave the album 3.5 out of 5 saying. The fact that tracks from her first two albums take up more than half the album, while her strongest releases - Birds and Belle - only get seven tracks between them, heightens the sense that though it's reflective of Runga's whole career, Anthology is not a "best of"" CD/ DD"Get Some Sleep" - 3:34 "Sway" - 4:23 "Listening for the Weather" - 3:29 "Good Morning Baby" - 3:29 "Something Good" - 3:18 "Roll into One" - 3:19 "Drive" - 2:46 "Bursting Through" - 3:42 "Say After Me" - 4:35 "Winning Arrow" - 2:52 "Hello Hello" - 3:04 "Suddenly Strange" - 4:18 "Tiny Little Piece of My Heart" - 2:15 "Gravity" - 3:39 "Ne me quitte pas" - 4:06 "One More Cup of Coffee" - 3:50 "Everything is Beautiful and New" - 2:57 "Something's Gotten Hold Of My Heart" - 3:45 "Precious Things" - 4:24 "If You Really Do" - 3:53 "Birds" - 3:45 "The Be All and End All" - 3:23