Jeremiah Smith (lawyer)
Jeremiah Smith was an American lawyer and politician from Exeter, New Hampshire. Born in Peterborough in the Province of New Hampshire, Smith attended Harvard University before graduating from Queens College in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1780, he served in the Continental Army, read law to enter the bar in 1786. He was in private practice in Peterborough from 1786 to 1796, he was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1798 to 1799, the United States House of Representatives from 1791 to 1797. He was United States Attorney for the District of New Hampshire from 1797 to 1800, he was a probate judge of Rockingham County, New Hampshire from 1800 to 1801. On February 18, 1801, Smith was nominated by President John Adams to a new seat as a federal judge on the United States circuit court for the First Circuit, created by 2 Stat. 89. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1801, received his commission the same day. Smith's federal judicial service was terminated on July 1802, due to abolition of the court.
He became Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of New Hampshire, served from 1802 to 1809. Smith was elected Governor of New Hampshire in 1809, defeating incumbent Governor John Langdon by only 319 votes. However, Langdon defeated Smith in the following election, in 1810. Smith returned to the private practice of law from 1810 until 1813, when he again became Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of New Hampshire, this time until 1816, when he was removed by the elimination of the court by the legislature, he again returned to private practice New Hampshire from 1816 to 1820. Smith was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1814, he was a trustee and the treasurer at Phillips Exeter Academy from 1828 to 1842, served as the president of trustees from 1830 to 1842. Jeremiah Smith Hall at the academy is named for him. Smith died in 1842 in Dover, New Hampshire, is buried at the Winter Street Cemetery in Exeter. "Jeremiah Smith". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Jeremiah Smith at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Jeremiah Smith at National Governors Association Jeremiah Smith at Find a Grave
Ralph Metcalf (New Hampshire politician)
Ralph Metcalf was an American lawyer and politician from New Hampshire who served two terms as Governor. Ralph Metcalf was born in Charlestown, New Hampshire on November 21, 1796, he was educated locally and worked on the farm of his father, a veteran of the American Revolution, until deciding on a career in the law in 1818. Metcalf graduated from the academy in Chester and attended Dartmouth College, from which he graduated in 1823, he studied law with Henry Hubbard and attorney Richard Bartlett of Concord, was admitted to the bar in 1826. He practiced law in New Hampshire, first with George B. Upham, with David Hale. From 1828 to 1830 he practiced in Binghamton, New York, after which he returned to New Hampshire to open an office in Claremont. In 1831 Metcalf was elected Secretary of State, he held this post until 1838, when he moved to Washington, D. C. to accept a position in the Department of the Treasury while Levi Woodbury of New Hampshire was serving as Secretary. In 1840 he returned to New Hampshire and practiced law, first in Plymouth, in Newport.
In 1845 he was appointed Register of Probate for Sullivan County. In 1848 he was appointed a trustee of the state asylum for the insane, he served several more non-consecutive terms, he served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1852 to 1853. In 1853 he served on the state commission appointed to codify New Hampshire's statutes. A member of the Democratic Party for most of his career, Metcalf became recognized as anti-slavery and an opponent of Franklin Pierce's attempts to obtain passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act; as a result of Metcalf's opposition to slavery, in 1855 he was nominated for Governor by the Know Nothing movement, one of the few parties with an anti-slavery plank in its platform. This effort was promoted by Free Soil Democrats including John P. Hale, who hoped to create a movement that would send New Hampshire anti-slavery activists to the United States Senate and help build the nascent Republican Party. Metcalf won the 1855 race for Governor, defeating incumbent Nathaniel B.
Baker, James Bell and Asa Fowler. In 1856 he defeated John S. Wells and Ichabod Goodwin, but his margin over Wells was narrow, the selection moved to the New Hampshire General Court, which chose Metcalf. Metcalf became identified with the Republican Party when it was founded as the major anti-slavery party in the mid 1850s. In addition to his abolitionist views, Metcalf's governorship was noteworthy for his support of a prohibition law, which passed in 1855, remained in force until 1889, he retired after the completion of his second term, resided in Claremont. He died in Claremont on August 26, 1858. In 1835 he married Lucretia Ann Bingham, she died a few weeks after giving birth in 1836, the baby died soon afterwards. He married Martha Ann Gilmore in 1843, they had two children: son Ralph. Ralph Metcalf at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Ralph Metcalf at National Governors Association Ralph Metcalf at Political Graveyard
Townsend is a town in Middlesex County, United States. The population was 8,927 at the 2010 census. Townsend was first settled in 1676, was incorporated in 1732; the town was named after Charles Townshend, English secretary of state and an opponent of the Tories. Earlier spellings of the town are referred to as "Townshend" but by the 1800's, the "h" was dropped. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.1 square miles, of which 32.9 square miles is land and 0.2 square mile is water. Townsend has the largest land area of any town in Middlesex County. Townsend is bordered by Mason, New Hampshire and Brookline, New Hampshire to the north, Pepperell to the east and Shirley to the southeast, Lunenburg to the south, Ashby to the west. Route 119 runs east-west through Townsend, Route 13 runs north-south; as of the census of 2010, there were 8,926 people, 3,240 households, 2,483 families residing in the town. The population density was 279.8 people per square mile. There were 3,516 housing units at an average density of 96.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 96.7% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population. There were 3,240 households out of which 34% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.4% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14. In the town, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 34.8% from 45 to 64, 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $76,533, the median income for a family was $87,227.
Males had a median income of $52,714 versus $35,843 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,862. About 3.3% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over. North Middlesex Regional School District Spaulding Memorial School Squannacook Elementary School Hawthorne Brook Middle School North Middlesex Regional High School Nashoba Valley Technical High School—public regional vocational technical high school located in Westford Andy Sellars, Corydon B. Dunham First Amendment Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society Dave Miller, Professional darts player 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. By Wall & Gray. Map of Massachusetts, Map of Middlesex County. History of Middlesex County, Volume 1, Volume 2 compiled by Samuel Adams Drake, published 1879 and 1880. 572 and 505 pages. Townsend article by Ithamar B. Sawelle in volume 2, pages 381–390. Divinity and Dust: A History of Townsend, Massachusetts by Richard N. Smith Town of Townsend official website
John Sullivan (general)
John Sullivan was an Irish-American General in the Revolutionary War, a delegate in the Continental Congress, Governor of New Hampshire and a United States federal judge. Sullivan, the third son of American settlers, served as a major general in the Continental Army and as Governor of New Hampshire, he commanded the Sullivan Expedition in 1779, a scorched earth campaign against the Iroquois towns that had taken up arms against the American revolutionaries. As a member of Congress, Sullivan worked with the French Ambassador to the US, the Chevalier de la Luzerne. Born in Somersworth in the Province of New Hampshire, Sullivan was the third son of Irish settlers from the Beara Peninsula in County Cork. One of his brothers, James Sullivan, became Governor of Massachusetts. Another brother, who served in the Royal Navy died before the American Revolution. A landing party from HMS Allegiance on February 14, 1781 kidnapped another brother, Captain David Sullivan, who died of disease; the father, John Owen O'Sullivan was the son of Philip O'Sullivan of Beare of Ardea, minor gentry in Penal Ireland and a scion of the O'Sullivan Beare Clan, Ardea Castle line.
The Penal Laws reduced them to the status of peasants. After emigrating to York, Maine, in 1723, the elder John became a Protestant. In 1760, Sullivan married Lydia Remick Worster of Kittery, now in Maine. John and Lydia Sullivan had six children, who died in infancy, John, James and another Margery, who lived only two years. Sullivan read law with Samuel Livermore of Portsmouth, New Hampshire between 1758 and 1760, he began the practice of law in 1763 at Berwick, now in Maine, continued in the practice when he moved to Durham, New Hampshire in 1764. He annoyed many neighbors in his early career, when he was the only lawyer in town, with numerous suits over foreclosures and was threatened with violence at least twice in 1766, but by 1772, he was established and began work to improve his relations with the community. He expanded his interests into milling from which he made a substantial income. In 1773 Alexander Scammell joined John Sullivan's law practice. Sullivan built a friendship with the royal governor of New Hampshire, John Wentworth, who had assumed the office in 1767.
In November 1772, Wentworth appointed Sullivan a major in the militia. As the American Revolution grew nearer, Sullivan turned away from Wentworth and began to side more with the radicals. On May 28, 1773, at the urging of the Virginia House of Burgesses, the New Hampshire Assembly established a Committee of Correspondence. Hoping to thwart the committee, Wentworth adjourned the Assembly the next day. On December 16, 1773, colonists in Massachusetts destroyed tea worth 15,000 pounds at the Boston Tea Party to protest taxes under the Tea Act; the British Parliament responded with the Boston Port Act, effective March 21, 1774, which closed the Port of Boston until restitution for the destroyed tea was made to the East India Company. Parliament went on to pass the Massachusetts Government Act, which removed many functions of government from local control, the Quartering Act, which permitted quartering of troops in towns where there was disorder, the Quebec Act, which established the Catholic religion and French civil law in that province.
Wentworth called a new Assembly, which began meeting on April 7, 1774. On May 13, news of the Boston Port Act reached the Assembly. On May 27, the Assembly provided for only five men and an officer to guard Fort William and Mary at Portsmouth harbor. A new committee of correspondence was selected the next day. By the time Wentworth dissolved the Assembly on June 8, 1774 in an unsuccessful effort to prevent the Assembly from sending delegates to a continental congress, Sullivan was in favor of supporting the Massachusetts radicals. In response to Wentworth's action dismissing the Assembly and the call for a continental congress to support Boston after the British sanctions against it, on July 21, 1774 the first Provincial Congress of New Hampshire met at Exeter, New Hampshire, with John Sullivan as Durham's delegate; that assembly sent Nathaniel Folsom as delegates to the First Continental Congress. The assembly adopted a Declaration of Rights and Grievances on October 14, 1774. By November 8, Sullivan and Folsom were back in New Hampshire to work for acceptance of the Declaration and the Association of the colonies to support economic measures to achieve their objectives.
On October 19, 1774, a royal order in council prohibited the export of powder and arms to America and Lord Dartmouth secretly wrote to the colonial governors to secure gunpowder and ammunition in the provinces. After Paul Revere was sent by the Massachusetts committee to warn the Portsmouth militia of a rumored British movement toward Fort William and Mary, that militia raided the fort and seized gunpowder on December 14, 1774. Sullivan, not present on this first raid, was one of the leaders of the militia force who made the second raid on the fort for its cannon and munitions on December 15. Sullivan and his men took 16 cannons, about 60 muskets and other stores but were prevented from returning for other cannon and supplies by the arrival of the man-of-war Canceaux, followed two days by the frigate Scarborough. Wentworth refrained from seeking to arrest Sullivan and others because he thought he had little popular support and the militia would not act. In January 1775, a second Provincial Congress at Exeter voted to send Sullivan and John Langdon to the Second Continental Congress.
Sullivan, supported by Folsom and Langdon, persuaded the assembly to petition Wentworth to call a New Hampshire Assembly that he would not dissolve. Wentworth responded by dis
Anthony Colby was an American businessman and politician from New London, New Hampshire. He owned and operated a grist mill and a stage line, served one term as Governor of New Hampshire. Colby was born in New London, New Hampshire on November 13, 1792, his was educated locally and became a successful business owner and operator, with his ventures including a stagecoach line and factory for producing scythes. He was active in the militia, serving as an ensign during the War of 1812, attaining the rank of major general in 1837. Colby entered politics as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, serving from 1828 to 1832 and 1837 to 1839, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Congress in 1833 and 1835, ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1843, 1844 and 1845. In 1846, Colby was the successful Whig candidate for governor, he served from June 4, 1846 to June 3, 1847, he ran unsuccessfully for reelection in 1847. After leaving the governorship, Colby remained active in the military and politics.
He served again in the New Hampshire House from 1860 to 1861, during the American Civil War served as Adjutant General of the New Hamspshire Militia from 1861 to 1863. He became provost marshal of the militia, with his son Daniel succeeding him as adjutant general. Colby was interested in higher education, he was a trustee of Dartmouth College from 1850 to 1870, received an honorary master of arts from Dartmouth in 1850. He was the founder of Colby Academy, which through expansions and mergers is now known as Colby-Sawyer College. Colby died in New London on July 20, 1873, was buried in New London's Old Main Street Cemetery. Colby's papers are held at Colby-Sawyer College. Colby at New Hampshire's Department of Historic Resources Anthony Colby at National Governors Association, retrieved October 5, 2014 Anthony Colby at Find a Grave, retrieved October 5, 2014
Joseph A. Gilmore
Joseph Albree Gilmore was an American railroad superintendent from Concord, New Hampshire and the Governor of New Hampshire from 1863 to 1865. Joseph A. Gilmore was born in Weston, Vermont on June 10, 1811, he was educated in Vermont, moved to Boston to learn the mercantile business. Gilmore moved to Concord, New Hampshire, where he established a wholesale grocery business. Gilmore became involved with the Concord and Claremont Railroad, serving first as a construction agent, as the railroad's general superintendent, he served as superintendent of the Manchester and Lawrence Railroad and the Portsmouth and Concord Railroad. A Whig, Gilmore joined the Republican when it was founded in the mid-1850s, he served in the New Hampshire State Senate from 1858 to 1860, was the Senate's President pro Tempore in 1859. Gilmore was elected Governor in 1863 and reelected in 1864, served from June 3, 1863 to June 8, 1865. Serving during the American Civil War. Gilmore's term was consumed by support for the Union, including a loan to provide bonuses and supplemental salary payments to soldiers, arranging for the transport of soldiers traveling to New Hampshire on furlough and returning to the front lines.
Gilmore died in 1867 in Concord, New Hampshire and is buried at the Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Gilmore was married to Ann Page Whipple, they had eleven children, their daughter Ann was the first wife of Senator William E. Chandler, their son, Joseph Henry Gilmore, was a Newton Theological Seminary trained Baptist pastor, wrote the words to the hymn, "He Leadeth Me," inspired by the 23rd Psalm. Gilmore at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Joseph A. Gilmore at Find a Grave Joseph Albree Gilmore at National Governors Association Joseph A. Gilmore at Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography, Volume II Joseph Albree Gilmore at American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection
John Taylor Gilman
John Taylor Gilman was a farmer and statesman from Exeter, New Hampshire. He represented New Hampshire in the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and was Governor of New Hampshire for 14 years, from 1794 to 1805, from 1813 to 1816. Gilman was born in the Province of New Hampshire, his family had settled in Exeter since its earliest days. He lived in the Ladd-Gilman House, now a part of the American Independence Museum, he received a limited education before he entered into the family shipbuilding and mercantile businesses. Aged 22, he read aloud a Dunlap Broadside brought to New Hampshire on July 16, 1776 to the city of Exeter; the American Independence Museum commemorates his brave act every year at their American Independence Festival, where a role-player reads the Declaration in its entirety to festival-goers. Gilman was one of the Minutemen of 1775 and a selectman in 1777 and 1778. Gilman served as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1779 and 1781 and was a delegate to the Convention of the States in Hartford, Connecticut, in October 1780.
He served as a member of the Continental Congress in 1782 and 1783. He was the New Hampshire Treasurer in 1791 and moderator in 1791–1794, 1806, 1807, 1809–1811, 1817, 1818, 1820–1825. Gilman served as Governor of New Hampshire between 1794 and 1805 and was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1805, he was again a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1810 and 1811 and again an unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1812. He was elected governor and served from 1813 to 1816 and declined to be a candidate for renomination for governor in 1816, he was an ex officio trustee of Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, trustee by election. He was president of the board of trustees of Phillips Exeter Academy, New Hampshire, 1795–1827, donor of the oldest property, the'Yard,' upon which the older buildings stand. Gilman was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1814. Gilman was married to the daughter of Major General Nathaniel Folsom of Exeter, he died in Exeter on September 1, 1828.
He is the first governor of New Hampshire not to have a place in the state named after him. The town of Gilmanton, settled by 24 members of the extended Gilman clan, was named for the family as a whole and not for the Governor. Gilman's Congressional Biography Gilman, John Taylor, 1753–1828, Guide to Research Collections