Roller Hockey International was a professional inline hockey league that operated in North America from 1993 to 1999. It was the first major professional league for inline hockey. League president Dennis Murphy had been involved in the establishment of the American Basketball Association, World Hockey Association and World TeamTennis. RHI hoped to capitalize on the inline skating boom of the early 1990s. Key parts of its success were its stance on no guaranteed contracts, instead teams would all split prize money. Teams were made up of minor league ice hockey players playing on inline skates during the summer months between ice seasons. RHI was known for its unstable franchises and instability in the league's front office itself. After five seasons of play and a fading in the inline skating boom, RHI folded in 1998 with two of its franchises joining Major League Roller Hockey: the Buffalo Wings and its premier club, the Anaheim Bullfrogs. After folding there was a movement to revamp and come back the following year as Major League Hockey, but it never came to fruition.
RHI was revived in 1999, with a 10-team roster that included five holdovers that had played in RHI in 1997: the Anaheim Bullfrogs, Buffalo Wings, Minnesota Blue Ox, San Jose Rhinos and St. Louis Vipers; the league cancelled the 2000 season and the league folded operations in 2001 when their sites were limited to arenas in California. The rules in the RHI were not identical to those of ice hockey. Besides the obvious difference of playing on a floor instead of ice, the RHI had four players and a goalie at a time on the playing surface opposed to ice hockey's five and a goalie. Minor penalties were only a minute and a half as opposed to two minutes and major penalties were four minutes instead of five. There were no blue lines therefore no icing; the puck itself was lighter, at 31⁄2 oz. and made of red plastic as opposed to a 51⁄2 oz. black rubber ice hockey puck. There were four 12-minute quarters opposed to the NHL's three 20-minute periods. A tied score at the end of regulation time in the regular season would go straight to a shootout instead of overtime.
The playoffs followed a best-of-three series format. Instead it was just a regular 12-minute quarter called "the mini game". If the teams were tied at the end of the quarter a sudden-death overtime period would follow. Note: RHI 1993-97, revived RHI 1999 Anaheim Bullfrogs Calgary Rad'z Connecticut Coasters / Sacramento River Rats Florida Hammerheads Los Angeles Blades Oakland Skates Portland Rage San Diego Barracudas / Ontario Barracudas St. Louis Vipers Toronto Planets Utah Rollerbees / Las Vegas Flash Vancouver Voodoo Atlanta Fire Ants / Oklahoma Coyotes / Las Vegas Coyotes Buffalo Stampede Chicago Cheetahs Edmonton Sled Dogs / Orlando Rollergators Minnesota Arctic Blast Montreal Roadrunners New England Stingers / Ottawa Loggers New Jersey Rockin' Rollers Philadelphia Bulldogs Phoenix Cobras / Empire State Cobras / Buffalo Wings Pittsburgh Phantoms San Jose Rhinos Tampa Bay Tritons Minnesota Blue Ox Detroit Motor City Mustangs Denver Daredevils Long Island Jawz Chicago Bluesmen Dallas Stallions Note: The Palm Desert Silver-Cats of Palm Springs, California and in Ontario, California were a semi-pro team that played exhibition games with the Blades and Bullfrogs of the RHI league.
The Eastern Conference and Western Conference were created when RHI doubled in size to 24 teams in 1994 after its first series of expansion and realigned its teams into two conferences and four divisions. Prior to the 1994 realignment, Roller Hockey International divided its teams into only three divisions and no conferences. From 1994 through 1996, the Eastern Conference was divided into the Atlantic Division and the Central Division, which were both successors to the Murphy Division. Starting in 1997, the conferences had no divisions. From 1994 through 1996, the Western Conference comprised teams divided into two divisions: Northwest Division and Pacific Division. Starting in 1997 the conferences had no divisions. 1994 - Buffalo Stampede 1995 - Montreal Roadrunners 1996 - Orlando Jackals 1997 - New Jersey Rockin' Rollers 1998 - No Season 1999 - St. Louis Vipers 1994 - Portland Rage 1995 - San Jose Rhinos 1996 - Anaheim Bullfrogs 1997 - Anaheim Bullfrogs 1998 - No Season 1999 - Anaheim Bullfrogs 1993 - Anaheim Bullfrogs def.
Oakland Skates 1994 - Buffalo Stampede def. Portland Rage 1995 - San Jose Rhinos def. Montreal Roadrunners 1996 - Orlando Jackals def. Anaheim Bullfrogs 1997 - Anaheim Bullfrogs def. New Jersey Rockin' Rollers 1998 - No season 1999 - St. Louis Vipers def. Anaheim Bullfrogs The league inspired at least one video game, Super Nintendo's RHI Roller Hockey'95, although the game was never released. There was a call-in style stats and interview hotline where fans could call in following games; the phone number was 1-800-741-4RHI. This line was updated nightly following each game. In the 1994 and'95 seasons, there was a regular schedule of games on ESPN2. In addition, several te
Civic Agriculture is the trend towards locally based agriculture and food production, linked to a community's social and economic development. It is connected to the citizenship and environmentalism within a community. Civic agriculture is geared towards meeting consumer demands in addition to boosting the local economy in the process through jobs, farm to food production efforts, community sustainability; the term was first coined by Thomas Lyson, professor of Sociology at Cornell, to represent an alternative means of sustainability for rural agricultural communities in the era of industrialized agriculture. Civic agriculture is geared towards fostering a self sustainable local economy through an integral community structure in which the entire community is in some part responsible for their food production. Civic agriculture can provide a variety of benefits to a community such as cleaner water, fresher foods, a better connection between farmers and the community. However, there are critiques that are concerned with the way in which civic agriculture promotes community responsibility and creates a false sense of citizenship.
The intent of civic agricultural practices is to move away from the industrialized sector and into a localized community effort. Civic agriculture is a means by which rural agricultural communities can remain subsistent in a industrialized agriculture sector; the term was coined by the late Thomas A. Lyson, Department of Development Sociology, Cornell University, at the 1999 Rural Sociology Society Annual Meeting. In his 2004 book, Civic Agriculture: Reconnecting Farm and Community Lyson argues that in containing food production for a specific community to that community, one is further connecting the community so that it may be economically independent and unified. Lyson expounds on his ideas, arguing that because of the interlocked relationship between the food economy and consumers, people have a civic duty to support important agricultural engagements. Lyson claims that communities that show an active involvement in civic agriculture aid economic development by supporting their local food production.
In committing to civic agriculture, local communities contribute to an economic growth in the local agricultural sector. Manifestations of movement towards Civic Agriculture: Community Supported Agriculture Farmer's markets Specialized agricultural districts Alternative food stores Artisanal food Consumer cooperatives The basis of civic agriculture is rooted in pre-industrialization farming practices. Farmers today are turning to civic agriculture in order to remain economically viable within an industrialized society and corporate agriculture practices. Civic agriculture promotes the sustainability of the local economy by containing the source and production of food to a particular region. One of the primary objectives of localization is to improve farmer income. Dependent upon the advanced nature of the civic agriculture production, that region is reliant upon a small subset of farmers for the majority of their food goods; that subset of farmers must farm a variety of commodities. This practice fosters entrepreneurship within the community by treating farming as an economically viable practice, creates jobs through employment of the local community, keeps the production and consumption of agriculture in one region making that region economically sustainable within itself.
Civic agriculture connects the community by eliminating the fragmented nature of agriculture production. It reconnects farmers to the community and creates a social connection between the farmers and the community, dependent upon them; the community is linked together by the prospect of its success being dependent upon the success of the collective. Civic agriculture ensures locally oriented practices that serve as a driving force for the way in which the community operates and politically; the general well being of the community becomes a primary concern when civic agriculture is being practiced. Additionally, in rooting a community to its own food production, the practice fosters a sense of belonging and responsibility within the community. There is a concern however, that in creating this sense of community support, civic agriculture does not encourage the community to do more than produce food in order to be considered a good citizen. In other words, those that produce for or on behalf of the community, can see that action as being the only necessary contributing factor that they offer to the community.
There is a wide range of criticism that those opposed to civic agriculture provide as reasons for a community to not participate in the practice. One critique is that although civic agriculture is focused on localization and a modern means of economic sustainability, it still relies upon traditional economic practices of supply and demand. Without the participation of an industrial sector as the connector between the farmer and the consumer, the farmers of a particular region are directly constrained to demand oriented economics. Another critique of civic agriculture is that in fostering a sense of entrepreneurship, farming practices become individualized as a marketing technique for differentiation. In attempting to differentiate their product, farmers limit the spread of information regarding their particular farming practices in order to compete within the respective market. While one of the goals of civic agriculture includes connecting the farmer to the community, some argue that it indeed does not and furthers the separation between the two as farmers are still isolated and geographically.
There exist the concern with regards to power within the community, as the power is not equally divided. Wealthier individuals
John Bogle was a Scottish miniature painter. Bogle was the son of an excise officer called John, he attended classes at a drawing school in Glasgow founded in 1753 by the printers and booksellers Robert and Andrew Foulis. Bogle married in 1769, in that year and the next exhibited miniatures at the Society of Artists in London from an address in Edinburgh, he moved to London, exhibiting at the Royal Academy from 1772 to 1794, including a self-portrait of 1772. His address is given throughout this time as Panton Square, he painted a miniature of the novelist Fanny Burney in June 1783, in 1790 he accompanied her to the trial of Warren Hastings in Westminster Hall. He moved back to Scotland in 1800 with his wife, he died in Edinburgh in 1803, aged 59
Growing Up Live is a concert film by Hamish Hamilton and Peter Gabriel. It features a live performance from Gabriel's 2003 "Growing Up" tour; the concert is notable for its dynamic set design by Robert Lepage. Of note is the addition of Melanie Gabriel, his daughter, for backing vocals in this concert footage. Bonus features include Tony Levin's photo album selections and an interview with Peter Gabriel about the story of Growing Up. In 2019, the film was released as a listenable live album for the first time on music streaming platforms. All songs are written by Peter Gabriel. "Here Comes the Flood" – 8:37 "Darkness" – 8:39 "Red Rain" – 6:14 "Secret World" – 9:06 "Sky Blue" – 7:47 "Downside Up" – 7:36 "The Barry Williams Show" – 9:19 "More than This" – 6:09 "Mercy Street" – 7:39 "Digging in the Dirt" – 7:36 "Growing Up" – 6:14 "Animal Nation" – 8:12 "Solsbury Hill" – 4:45 "Sledgehammer" – 4:59 "Signal to Noise" – 9:39 "In Your Eyes" – 11:34 "Father, Son" – 6:15 Peter Gabriel – lead vocals, keyboards.
Richard Evans – guitars, whistles, backing vocals. Melanie Gabriel – lead and backing vocals. Tony Levin – bass, electric upright bass, backing vocals. Ged Lynch – drums, percussions. David Rhodes – guitars, backing vocals. Rachel Z – keyboards, backing vocals. Special Guests The Blind Boys of Alabama – additional backup vocals for "Sky Blue". Sevara Nazarkhan – additional backup vocals for "In Your Eyes". Toir Kuziyev - doutar on "In Your Eyes"
Edith Blackwell Holden was a British artist and art teacher. She was born in Birmingham, she became famous following the posthumous publication of her Nature Notes for 1906, in facsimile form, as the book The Country Diary of an Edwardian Lady in 1977, an enormous publishing success. These, her life story, were the subject of a television dramatisation. From 1906 to 1909, she taught at a school in Solihull, her paintings were exhibited by the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, by the Royal Academy of Arts in 1907 and 1917. In 1911, she married born 1879, a sculptor. Collecting flowers from a riverbank at Kew Gardens, she drowned in the Thames in 1920. Edith Blackwell Holden was a British artist and part-time art teacher, known in her time as an illustrator of children's books. Much influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement, she specialized in painting plants. Holden was made famous by the posthumous publication, in 1977, of her Nature Notes for 1906 under the title The Country Diary of an Edwardian Lady.
She was living in Gowan Bank, Kineton Green Road, Solihull in 1905–06 when she recorded the notes. The collection of seasonal observations and pictures of birds and insects—which was never considered for publication when it was composed—had the nostalgic charm of a vanished world seven decades later, it became a world-wide best seller. Edith's mother was Emma Wearing, a Spiritualist & Unitarian, former governess who wrote two religious books, Ursula's Childhood and Beatrice of St Mawse, published by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, her father a Unitarian & Spiritualist, was Arthur Holden—owner of Arthur Holden & Son's Paint Factory in Bradford Street, noted Town Councillor and charity worker. Edith's middle name honoured the pioneer woman physician, Elizabeth Blackwell a Unitarian and the Holdens' cousin; the Holden family attended the Birmingham Labour Church. But before the death of Edith's mother Emma in 1904, the Holden family had become Spiritualists; the Holden's held regular Spiritualist seances at home in Olton, with the intention of communicating with the spirit of their deceased wife and mother.
Edith and her four sisters were instrumental in assisting their father with these communications—which culminated in 1913, when Edith's father published them in his own diary, entitled'Messages from the Unseen'—only weeks before his own death. During the 1906–09 school years, Edith Holden taught at the Solihull School for Girls, she fashioned her Nature Notes for 1906 as a model for her students' work. Like her younger sisters, Holden became an illustrator, she illustrated four volumes, 1907–10, of The Animal's Friend, a magazine of the National Council for Animals' Welfare, a number of children's books, including The Three Goats Gruff. Her paintings were exhibited from 1890–1907 by the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, by the Royal Academy of Arts in 1907 and 1917. In 1911 Edith Holden married Ernest Smith, a sculptor who became principal assistant to Countess Feodora Gleichen. At the Countess's studio in St James Palace the Smiths associated with leading artists like Sir George Frampton, sculptor of the statue of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, royal visitors such as King Faisal of Arabia.
Meanwhile, Edith continued her career as an illustrator. This much is known until her death. On Tuesday, 16 March 1920, she was found drowned in a backwater of the River Thames, near Kew Gardens Walk. On the prior Monday morning Edith had complained to Ernest of a headache, but this was not uncommon and the matter had not been dwelt on; the main subject at breakfast had been the impending visit of some friends for Easter, to which Edith was looking forward. Ernest left for the studio at St James's Palace and Edith said that she would go down to the river to see the University crews practicing; when Ernest returned home that evening, his wife was out, but the table had been laid for the evening meal. It was not until the next morning that he learned that her body had been found at six o'clock on the Tuesday morning; the inquest established. The bough was out of reach, with the aid of her umbrella, Edith had tried to break it off, fallen forward into the river and drowned; the Country Diary of an Edwardian Lady is available on DVD in the UK.
The Country Diary of an Edwardian Lady The Nature Notes of an Edwardian Lady The Animal's Friend Daily Bread by Margaret Gatty Woodland Whisperings by Margaret Rankin a series of undated children's books published by Henry Frowde/Hodder & Stoughton Animals Around Us Birds Beasts and Fishes The Three Goats Gruff Mrs Strang's Annual for Children. The Hedgehog Feast A number of her illustrations have since been used on tie-in products, from books such as Country Diary Recipes to cookware and ornaments; the Edwardian Lady: The Story of Edith Holden, Ina Taylor The Edwardian Afterlife Diary of Emma Holden, K Jackson-Barnes ISBN 978-0957500709 Dictionary of Unitarian and Universalist Biography entry Biography "The Country Diary of an Edwardian Lady" on IMDb Edith Holden at Find a Grave
Brandon Cox is a former American football quarterback, who played collegiately for Auburn University. As Auburn's starting quarterback from 2005 to 2007 he guided the Tigers to a 29–9 record and was a member of the winningest senior class in Auburn history, winning 50 games during their time on the Plains. Cox attended Hewitt-Trussville High School, the same school as Jay Barker, former quarterback for rival Alabama, he was diagnosed with myasthenia gravis in his 10th grade year in high school, but fought the disease and continued to play football. Cox, a left-hander, redshirted his freshman year. After serving one season as backup, Cox stumbled to begin the 2005 season before leading the Tigers to a 9–3 finish, he returned his junior year in 2006 to lead Auburn to an 11–2 finish, including a victory over Nebraska in the 2007 Cotton Bowl Classic. Cox began the season as the starter for the third season for the Tigers in 2007. Prior to the season, Cox was one of 35 quarterbacks named to the 2007 Manning Award Watch List.
For much of the 2007 season, Cox struggled to find consistency behind an offensive line starting three freshmen. He was benched in favor of true freshman quarterback Kodi Burns during the Mississippi State game. Cox rebounded from being benched to lead Auburn to victories over undefeated Florida and Alabama. In winning the 2007 Iron Bowl over Alabama, 17–10, the team set a school record with six consecutive wins over its rival. Cox became only the second Auburn quarterback to be 3–0 against Alabama, with his predecessor, Jason Campbell, being the other quarterback to record this feat. Cox's last win came in the 2007 Chick-fil-A Bowl when he led Auburn past Clemson, 23–20. Cox completed a career-high 25 passes, but it was Burns who ended the game with a touchdown run in overtime. Cox finished the regular season of his senior year with a 117.58 passer rating. As of the 2007 Iron Bowl, Cox had 6,748 career passing yards, a 59.12% completion percentage, 42 touchdowns on 31 interceptions for a career NCAA passer rating of 131.58.
After leaving Auburn with a business administration degree, Cox became an account manager for Ready Mix USA. He worked in the construction industry, serving as commercial leasing associate for Daniel Corporation and the Director of Business Development for Hoar Construction. Brandon Cox on Twitter Feature on Brandon Cox by CSTV on YouTube