White Motor Company
The White Motor Company was an American automobile, truck and agricultural tractor manufacturer from 1900 until 1980. The company produced bicycles, roller skates, automatic lathes, sewing machines. Before World War II, the company was based in Ohio. White Diesel Engine Division in Springfield, manufactured diesel engine generators, which powered U. S. military equipment and infrastructure, namely Army Nike and Air Force Bomarc launch complexes, other guided missile installations and proving grounds, sections of SAGE and DEW Line stations, combat direction centers and other ground facilities of the U. S. aerospace defense ring, such as the Texas Towers. During the Vietnam era, the company retained its position within the Top 100 Defense Contractors list, its production facilities, such as the Lansing truck plant in Lansing and the main plant in Cleveland were engaged in production, engineering services and maintenance of thousands of military/utility cargo trucks M39, M44, M600, M602 series trucks, as well as spare parts, such as cylinder heads and gasoline engines with accessories.
About 1898, Thomas H. White found its boiler unreliable, his son, set out to improve its design. Rollin White developed a form of water tube steam generator which consisted of a series of stacked coils with two novel features: the first was that the coils were all joined at the top of the unit, which allowed water to flow only when pumped, allowing control of the steam generation; this second point was critical because the White steamer operated with superheated steam to take advantage of steam's properties at higher temperatures. Rollin White patented his steam generator, US patent 659,837 of 1900. Rollin H. White offered it to, among others, Locomobile, he persuaded his father, founder of the White Sewing Machine Company, to allow the use of a corner in one of his buildings to build an automobile. White's brother, a management talent, joined the business venture, followed by their brother, who became instrumental in the sales and distribution of the product; the first group of fifty cars were completed in October 1900, but none were offered to the public until April 1901 so the design could be tested.
Since the cars were being offered by the automobile department of the sewing machine company, White could not afford to diminish the reputation of the parent company by the introduction of an untested product. It became necessary in 1905 to separate the automobile department from its parent company to accommodate the growth of the business and to physically separate them, as a fire in one could ruin both operations. On July 4, 1905, a racing steam car named "Whistling Billy" and driven by Webb Jay set a record of 73.75 mph on the Morris Park Racecourse. A 1907 White steamer was one of the early vehicles in the White House when Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, allowed the Secret Service to use the car behind his horse-drawn carriage. In 1909, president William Howard Taft converted the White House stables into a garage and purchased four automobiles: two Pierce-Arrows, a Baker Electric, a 1911 White; this $4,000 car was one of the last steam cars produced and proved a favorite of the President who used bursts of steam against "pesky" press photographers.
The 40 hp White Model M 7-seat tourer generated favorable press for the newly formed White Motor Company. Taft's White Model M is housed in the collection at the Heritage Museums and Gardens in Sandwich, Massachusetts; the last steam car was built in January 1911 as the company made a transition to gasoline-powered vehicles. The company continued to show them in their catalogues as late as 1912. About 10,000 White steam-powered cars were built, more than the better known Stanley. White companies' manufacturing facility expanded; the White steamer used unique technology, it was vulnerable in a market, accepting the internal combustion engine as the standard. White canvassed existing gas manufacturers and licensed the rights to the Delahaye design for the "gas car", showing a chassis at an English auto show in December 1908. Rollin became more interested in agricultural tractors, developed designs for tractors derived from standard White truck parts; when the White Company was not interested in producing tractors, Rollin set out to develop his own designs and, with brother Clarence founded Cleveland Motor Plow, which became Cletrac tractor.
In the early 1920s, Rollin produced the Rollin car to diversify the tractor company, but found it could not compete in cost versus price against much larger manufacturers. White was successful with their heavy machines, which saw service around the world during World War I. White remained in the truck industry for decades. White Motor Company began producing trucks; the company soon sold 10 percent of all trucks made in the US. Although White produced all sizes of trucks from light delivery to semi, the decision was made after WWII to produce only large trucks. White acquired several truck manufacturing companies during this time: Sterling, Diamond T, REO. White agreed to sell Consolidated Freightways, Freightliner trucks through its own dealers. White produced trucks under the Autocar nameplate following its acquisition. Diamond T and REO Motor Car Company became the Diamond REO division, discontinued in the 1970s. A White semi performe
A Rollin film, named after Bernard V. Rollin, is a 30 nm-thick liquid film of helium in the helium II state, it exhibits a "creeping" effect in response to surfaces extending past the film's level. Helium II can escape from any non-closed container via creeping toward and evaporating from capillaries of 10−7 to 10−8 meters or greater. Rollin films are involved in the fountain effect where superfluid helium leaks out of a container in a fountain-like manner, they have high thermal conductivity. The ability of superfluid liquids to cross obstacles that lie at a higher level is referred to as the Onnes effect, named after Heike Kamerlingh Onnes; the Onnes effect is enabled by the capillary forces dominating gravity and viscous forces. Waves propagating across a Rollin film are governed by the same equation as gravity waves in shallow water, but rather than gravity, the restoring force is the van der Waals force; the film suffers a change in chemical potential. These waves are known as third sound.
The thickness of the film can be calculated by the energy balance. Consider a small fluid volume element Δ V, located at a height h from the free surface; the potential energy due to the gravitational force acting on the fluid element is ρ g h Δ V, where ρ is the total density and g is the gravitational acceleration. The quantum kinetic energy per particle is ℏ 2 /, where l is the thickness of the film and m is the mass of the particle. Therefore, the net kinetic energy is given by ℏ 2 f ρ Δ V /, where f is the fraction of atoms which are Bose–Einstein condensate. Minimizing the total energy with respect to the thickness provides us the value of the thickness: Second sound Fairbank H. A.. T.. "Rollin Film Rates in Liquid Helium". Physical Review. 76: 1209–1211. Bibcode:1949PhRv...76.1209F. Doi:10.1103/PhysRev.76.1209. B. V. Rollin and F. Simon. "On the "film" phenomenon of liquid helium II". Physica. 6: 219–230. Bibcode:1939Phy.....6..219R. Doi:10.1016/S0031-891480013-1. David Goodstein. "Third Sound and the Onset of Superfluidity in Unsaturated Helium Films".
Physical Review. 183: 327–334. Bibcode:1969PhRv..183..327G. Doi:10.1103/PhysRev.183.327. Video of the property in action Liquid Helium,Superfluid: demonstrating Lambda point transition/viscosity paradox/two fluid model/fountain effect/Rollin film/second sound
Rollin (Calvin Harris song)
"Rollin" is a song by Scottish DJ and record producer Calvin Harris. It features vocals from American singer Khalid, it is the third single from Harris' fifth studio album, Funk Wav Bounces Vol. 1, following "Slide" and "Heatstroke". It was released on 12 May 2017 through Sony Music. Musically, "Rollin" is synth-funk song. Pitchfork praised the track. Harris has proven to be a more than capable manager," further stating that "not only is Calvin Harris making pop funky again. Calvin Harris – Production, Yamaha C7 Piano, Ibanez 1200 Bass, Roland Jupiter-8, Fender Rhodes, PPG Wave 2.2, Linn LM-2, 1965 Fender Stratocaster, ARP String Ensemble PE IV, recording Future – vocals Khalid – vocals Seth Firkins – recording Dave Kutch – mastering
Golden (Kylie Minogue album)
Golden is the fourteenth studio album by Australian singer Kylie Minogue. It was released on 6 April 2018 by BMG Rights Management. A large portion of the record was recorded in Nashville, where she found new inspiration with its music, recorded some material in London and Los Angeles, California; the album was co-produced by Minogue alongside a variety of producers including Ash Howes, Richard "Biff" Stannard, Sky Adams, Alex Smith, Mark Taylor, among others. Each track was co-written by Minogue, making it her first album since Impossible Princess in which this was the case. Musically, Golden is a pop record, influenced by country and dance music. Described by Minogue as one of her most personal efforts, the lyrics encompass a wide range of themes including failed relationships, death and having fun. Upon its release, Golden received positive reviews from music critics, a majority of whom commended Minogue's honesty and personality through her songwriting skills, as well as its catchiness. However, critics were divided by her experimentation with country music.
Commercially, the album entered the top twenty in several markets, including Australia, Germany, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Golden spawned one promotional single. "Dancing" was released on 19 January 2018 to critical success, some highlighting as one of Minogue's best singles to date. Commercially, it achieved moderate success in several nations. "Stop Me from Falling" served as the second single on 9 March 2018, has achieved moderate impact on record charts around the world. In order to promote the album, Minogue made appearances on several shows including Saturday Night Takeaway, The Graham Norton Show, Good Morning America, The Late Late Show with James Corden and Sounds Like Friday Night. A music video for "Golden" was released on 28 May 2018, with Minogue confirming the track as the third single from the album. A day the song impacted Italian radio stations. On 4 August 2018, "A Lifetime to Repair" was released as the album's fourth single, a radio edit impacted British radio stations the same day.
On 9 October, "Music's Too Sad Without You" was announced as the album's fifth and final single. Furthermore, Minogue announced a promotional tour, Kylie Presents Golden and commenced the Golden Tour in September 2018. In 2016, Kylie Minogue released her final studio album with long-term record label Parlophone, entitled Kylie Christmas: Snow Queen Edition—which was a re-packaging of the singer's original studio album a year prior. Between 2014 and 2017, Minogue continued to use herself as a featuring artist to the works of Giorgio Moroder and Fernando Garibay, expanded her work with film and television. In February 2017, Minogue signed a new record deal with BMG Rights Management which will release her upcoming album internationally. In December 2017, Minogue and BMG had struck a joint-deal with Mushroom Music Labels—under the sub-division label Liberator Music to release her new album in Australia and New Zealand. Throughout that year, Minogue worked with writers and producers for her fourteenth studio album including Amy Wadge, Sky Adams, DJ Fresh, Nathan Chapman, teamed with previous collaborators Richard Stannard, The Invisible Men and Karen Poole.
Early production started in London and Los Angeles, ended with her recording majority of the album's content in Nashville, Tennessee. She commented about the process and inspiration in these locations in October stating. Additionally, Minogue co-wrote every song on Golden, the first time she has done so since Impossible Princess. Minogue described the songwriting process in the latter location as "therapy". Minogue commented that the content of Golden was "synth-pop dance songs" that her fans would "expect from her". However, her A&R manager had suggested incorporating country music into the record, which she acknowledged positively, she traveled to Nashville in July 2017 for two weeks to record four songs, explained that it "all started to make sense. We managed to find this country inspiration but bring it back into my world." She described the result as being "Dolly Parton standing on a dance floor". During the songwriting process, Minogue "kept writing songs" without intention, found the results to be "cathartic".
The album opens with the lead single "Dancing", a dance-pop and country hybrid that does not include a bridge section. Lyrically, it deals with Minogue's view on death, with the lyrics "When I go out, I wanna go out dancing," describing how the singer wants to feel in that situation before death. "Stop Me from Falling" includes a similar sound, but "bristles with good-time handclaps and a goshdarn toe-tappin' basslines," alongside with instrumentation of a banjo. The title track, a self-empowerment anthem, was described as a take on soundtracks from Spaghetti Western films, namely referencing Ennio Morricone's theme song to The Good, the Bad and the Ugly with the yodeling; the fourth track, "A Lifetime to Repair", is one of the album's first tracks that talks about failed relationships. Sonically, Helen Clarke from MusicOMH said. "Sincerely Yours", a light pop ballad, opens as a "love letter" to her fans and was musically compared to the work of Teg
Rollin' (Limp Bizkit song)
"Rollin'" is a song by the American band Limp Bizkit from their album Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water. It was released as the second single along with "My Generation"; the song peaked at number sixty five on the Billboard Hot 100 and remained in the chart for seventeen weeks. To date, it is their highest-charting single in the Billboard Hot 100. Outside the United States, "Rollin'" topped the charts in the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, peaked within the top ten of the charts in Austria, Germany and Sweden and the top twenty of the charts in Australia, the Netherlands and New Zealand."Rollin'", a remix of "Rollin'" featuring hip-hop artists DMX and Method Man & Redman, produced by Swizz Beatz, is featured on the Chocolate Starfish album. The remix is featured on the soundtrack to the 2001 film The Fast and the Furious; the music video was filmed atop the South Tower of the former World Trade Center in New York City. The introduction features Ben Stiller and Stephen Dorff mistaking Fred Durst for the valet and giving him the keys to their Bentley Azure.
Making a cameo is break dancer Mr. Wiggles; the rest of the video has several cuts to Durst and his bandmates hanging out of the Bentley as they drive about Manhattan. The song Ben Stiller is playing at the beginning is "My Generation" from the same album; the video features scenes of Fred Durst with five girls dancing in a room. The video was filmed around the same time as the film Zoolander, which explains Stiller and Dorff's appearance. Fred Durst has a small cameo in that film. "Rollin'" video received the award for Best Rock Video at the 2001 MTV Video Music Awards. On September 10, 2001, Limp Bizkit received a letter from the World Trade Center, thanking them for featuring the towers in the video, it was parodied as "Posin'" on the television series MADtv, the "Urban Assault Vehicle" version was listed on VH1's list of the 50 Most Awesomely Bad Songs. Former MLB player Scott Rolen used the song as his walk-up song. "Rollin'" was well known among WWE fans as the entrance theme for professional wrestler The Undertaker from December 2000 to May 2002, again for WrestleMania XIX in 2003 where it was performed live.
The song is featured as a track that can be selected on Hollywood Rip Ride Rockit at Universal Studios Orlando. A short section of the song plays before the nighttime drag race in the first The Fast and the Furious film, it is the song in the intro video of NHL Hitz 20-02, is heard in the menus and gameplay as well. The song was the goal song for the Buffalo Sabres of the NHL from 2005 to 2007, it was featured in American Dad!'s episode "Next of Pin". The song was used in an Intro Performance Trailer by K-Pop group BTS in 2015; the song was released in each with a different cover color and track listing. There was a DVD, only released in the United Kingdom. CD1"Rollin'" "I Would For You" "Take A Look Around" "Rollin'" CD2"Rollin'" "Show Me What You Got" "Rollin'" Video Snippets"Rollin'" DVDVideo Snippets "My Generation" – 0:30 "N 2 Gether Now" – 0:30 "Break Stuff" – 0:30 "Re-Arranged" – 0:30 "Rollin'" Official music video on YouTube
Horse of a Different Color (Big & Rich album)
Horse of a Different Color is the debut studio album by the American country music duo Big & Rich. It was released in 2004 on Warner Bros. Records and it contains the hit singles "Wild West Show", "Save a Horse", "Holy Water", "Big Time"; these reached No. 21, No. 11, No. 15, No. 20 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts. The album was certified 3× Platinum by the RIAA for shipments of three million copies. Horse of a Different Color features several guest musicians members of the MuzikMafia, the collaborative singer-songwriter group that Big & Rich founded. Country rap artist Cowboy Troy is featured on the lead-off track "Rollin'", makes an uncredited guest appearance at the end of "Kick My Ass". Gretchen Wilson provides background vocals on "Saved", Jon Nicholson on "Love Train"; the only guest musician, not a MuzikMafia member is Martina McBride, who provides backing vocals on the final track, "Live This Life". Big Kenny and John Rich, who comprise the duo, co-wrote all the tracks on the album, co-produced it with Paul Worley.
Four singles were released from this album. Lead-off single "Wild West Show" peaked at No. 21 on the Billboard country charts in early 2004. Following it was "Save a Horse", which peaked at No. 11 and was certified platinum by the RIAA as a single. The third single release, the No. 15 "Holy Water", was inspired by Big Kenny's and John Rich's sisters, both victims of domestic abuse. "Big Time" was the final single, reaching No. 20 in mid-2005. As listed in liner notes. Big & RichBig Kenny - vocals John Rich - vocals, acoustic guitarAdditional musiciansBrian Barnett - drums, tambourine Steve Brewster - drums, shaker Dennis Burnside - keyboards Cowboy Troy - "multilingual'hick-hop' rap", vocals Owen Hale - drums Mike Johnson - steel guitar Wayne Killius - drums, peanut can, tambourine Martina McBride - background vocals Duncan Mullins - bass guitar Jon Nicholson - background vocals Matt Pierson - bass guitar Michael Rojas - keyboards Adam Shoenfeld - electric guitar Nicole Summers - flute Justin Tocket - bass guitar Gretchen Wilson - background vocals Paul Worley - "yeehaw juice" Jonathan Yudkin - fiddle, strings, string composer, string arrangements, harp TechnicalRichard Dodd - mastering Big Kenny - production Bart Pursley - recording, mixing John Rich - production Paul Worley - production
Rollin' is the fourth mini-album recorded by South Korean girl group, Brave Girls. It was distributed by CJ E&M Music; this mark the first release as a five-member group, since the departure of member Yoojin in early 2017, the hiatus of member Hyeran. In order to promote the album, the group performed "Rollin' " on several South Korean music programs, including M Countdown and Inkigayo. A music video for the title track of the same name, was released on March 7; the EP was a moderate success peaking at number 30 on the Gaon Album Chart. The group did a crowdfunding effort to subsidize their comeback on Makestar, from September to December 2016, with the scheduled of release the album in March 2017. On January 13, 2017, it was announced by Brave Entertainment, that member Yoojin will be leaving the group to focus on studies, member Hyeran will go on hiatus due to health issues, it was noted that there aren't any intentions to add new members and that the group will promote as a five-member group with members Minyoung, Yuna and Hayun.
On February 8, it was announced that Brave Girls will be making a comeback on March and the new song will be produced by Brave Brothers. Stating that the recording process was finished and the music video has yet to be filmed. A scheduled was revealed on February 26; the first teaser images, of each member and as a group, were released on February 28, showing a more mature image for the group. The same day, KBS informed that the title track, "Rollin'", is unfit for broadcast, stating that a certain parts of the lyrics contain a slang word too vulgar. A representative from Brave Entertainment stated that they will revise the lyrics and plan it to re-evaluate. On March 2, the album cover and track list were revealed through their official Twitter account. On the same day, it was reported that the first music video teaser was given a 19+ rating for inappropriate attire; the EP was released on March 7, 2017, through several music sites, including Melon in South Korea and iTunes, for the global market.
On March 8, it was reported that the previous ban for "Rollin' " on the public channel, KBS, for unfit for broadcast was lifted. But the song "No Rush" was ruled unfit for broadcast once more. On March 3, 2017, at midnight KST, it was released the first music video teaser through Brave Entertainment website and on Brave Girls official YouTube channel; the teaser show the girls in a dark room sitting in chairs with a storm as a background. It was rated 19+ in South Korea. On March 3, the second and final music video teaser was released, showing the group dance for the song and scenes with members sitting on a sofa; the music video was released on March 7, in conjunction with the EP. The video show the girls dancing in a room with a dark background, showing the thunder; the dance is accompanied by chairs through key points of the dance. The video was restricted on YouTube for under eighteen viewers. A day after, a dance version was released without age restriction. On March 9, a clean version was released, cutting the parts from the original music video, where the girls where laying on each other in a black background.
The group held their first comeback stage on SBS's The Show on March 7, 2017, performing their title track. They continued on MBC Music's Show Champion on March 8, Mnet's M Countdown on March 9 and SBS's Inkigayo on March 12. Rollin' entered and peaked at number 30 on the Gaon Album Chart on the chart issue dated March 5–11, 2017. In its second week, the EP charted at number 100; the mini-album entered at number 62 on the Gaon Album Chart for the month of March 2017, with 1,091 physical copies sold. Digital downloadNotes ^ – Member Hyeran participated singing the rap