Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kampala
The Archdiocese of Kampala is the Metropolitan See for the Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical province of Kampala in Uganda. The present Kampala Archdiocese is the result of territorial changes: Victoria Nyanza Vicariate, it was established by the Holy See in 1883 and was entrusted to the Missionaries of Africa known as the White Fathers. Rubaga became the seat of the Bishop. Upper Nile Vicariate. On July 13, 1894, the Holy See erected the Upper Nile Vicariate dividing it from Victoria Nyanza Vicariate and entrusted it to the Mill Hill Missionaries. Nsambya became the seat of the Bishop; the name of Vicariate Nyanza Vicariate was changed to Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Victoria Nyanza. Vicariate of Uganda. After the erection of vicariates in territories beyond the Nile on the southern side, the name of Northern Victoria Nyanza Vicariate became the Vicariate of Uganda on January 15, 1915. Vicariate of Kampala. On June 10, 1948, the name of Upper Nile Vicariate was changed to the Vicariate of Kampala which became the diocese of Kampala in 1953.
Archdiocese of Rubaga. The Catholic hierarchy in Uganda was established on March 25, 1953; the former Vicariates of Uganda became the dioceses of Uganda. Rubaga became the Archdiocese with 5 suffragan dioceses namely: Gulu, Kampala and Tororo Archdiocese of Kampala. On August 5, 1966, the Holy See joined together what was part the Diocese of Kampala and the Archdiocese of Rubaga and created the Archdiocese of Kampala, it was covering most parts of Central Uganda. Since, three other new dioceses have been carved out of it: Kiyinda-Mityana, Kasana-Luweero and Lugazi. Ordinary: The Most Reverend Dr Cyprian Kizito Lwanga Size: 3.644.75 square km Total Population: 3,592,053 Catholic Population: 1,505,053 Parishes: 51 Sub-stations 389 Number of Priests: 324 Diocesan Priests: 261 Priests belonging to Religious Inst. 63 Professed non-Priest Religious: 186 Professed Women Religious 410 Catechists 428 Number of Seminarians: 173 Catholic Universities 1 Vocational Institutions 5 Catholic-Founded Secondary schools 45 Catholic-Founded Primary Schools 222 Catholic Hospitals 4 Health Centers and Dispensaries 20 When the Catholic White Fathers came calling in 1879, they were allocated land near Lubaga Hill.
In 1889, the reigning monarch, Mwanga II of Buganda, donated them land on Lubaga Hill itself where they built Saint Mary's Cathedral Rubaga, beginning in 1914 until 1925, with the assistance of monetary contributions from Roman Catholic congregations abroad. The early missionaries had problems pronouncing the word Lubaga, they instead pronounced it with an "r" as in Rubaga. In Luganda, there is no word that starts with an "R"; the missionaries built a hospital and a nursing school on the hill. Today, Lubaga remains the seat of the headquarters of the Catholic Church in Uganda, it is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kampala. The remains of the first African Catholic bishop in Uganda, Bishop Joseph Nakabaale Kiwanuka and those of the first African Catholic Cardinal, Cardinal Emmanuel Kiwanuka Nsubuga are kept in the Catholic Mission on the hill. St. Mary's Cathedral Rubaga Administrative centre of the Kampala Archdiocese Residence of the Archbishop of Kampala Archdiocese Lubaga Hospital: A 300-bed community hospital administered by the Catholic Archdiocese of Kampala Lubaga Nurses School Pope Paul VI Memorial Community Center Headquarters of Lubaga Division: One of the five administrative divisions of the city of Kampala.
Lubaga Campus of Uganda Martyrs University, whose main campus is at Nkozi in Mpigi District. Kisubi Mapeera Secondary School The seat of the Archbishop is Saint Mary’s Cathedral in Lubaga Division, in western Kampala. There is a Minor Basilica, the Basilica of the Uganda Martyrs at Namugongo in Wakiso District. Other important churches in the Archdiocese include Lady of Africa Church in Mbuya and the Former Cathedral of Saint Peter at Nsambya and Munyonyo Martyrs Shrine Vicars Apostolic of Northern Victoria Nyanza Bishop Henri Streicher, M. Afr.: 1897-1915Vicars Apostolic of Uganda Bishop Henri Streicher, M. Afr.: 1915-1933 Bishop Edouard Michaud, M. Afr.: 1933-1945 Archbishop Louis Joseph Cabana, M. Afr.: 1947-1953Metropolitan Archbishops of Rubaga Archbishop Louis Joseph Cabana, M. Afr.: 1953-1960 Archbishop Joseph Kiwánuka, M. Afr.: 1960-1966Metropolitan Archbishops of Kampala Cardinal Emmanuel Nsubuga: 1966 - 1990 Cardinal Emmanuel Wamala: 1990 - 2006 Archbishop Cyprian Kizito Lwanga: 2006–Present GCatholic.org Catholic Hierarchy 0°18′09″N 32°33′08″E
Ivan Koreta is a Ugandan military officer and legislator. He is a General in the Uganda People's Defence Forces and a representative for the armed forces in the Parliament of Uganda. Koreta has been a member of the armed forces since 1981 and most served as the deputy chief of defence forces, the second-highest position in the UPDF, from 2005 to 2013, he served from 2006 up until 2009 as the chairman of the General Court Martial, the second-highest military court in Uganda. Koreta was born in Mbarara, Ankole sub-region, on 15 October 1955 in a Pentecostal family of the Banyankole, he had his primary education in his home town of Mbarara and attained his PLE certification in 1969. He attended Kiira College Butiki for his O-Level education, attaining a EACE certification in 1973. Koreta on advanced to the University of Ibadan, graduating in 2003 with a Master of Science in Strategic Studies. While still in his teens, Koreta attended military training in Mozambique as a member of the Front for National Salvation, a guerilla group led by Yoweri Museveni.
He participated in the war that removed Idi Amin from power in 1979. When Museveni formed the National Resistance Army in 1981, Koreta joined him. During the Ugandan Bush War, he became a battalion commander in the NRA. During the April 1986 battle to capture the Ugandan capital city Kampala, his 13th NRA Battalion was responsible for guarding the Kampala-Gulu highway at Matugga. Since the NRA captured power and was subsequently transformed into the UPDF, Koreta has served in various roles, including the following: Commander of the First Division: 1986-1988 Deputy Director of the Internal Security Organization: 1988-2001 Promoted to rank of major general: 2001 Promoted to rank of lieutenant general and appointed commandant of the Uganda Senior Command and Staff College at Kimaka, being the first military officer to serve in that capacity: 2004 Appointed deputy commander of defence forces in Uganda: 2005 Appointed chairman of the General Court Martial: 2006 Appointed head of the Ugandan delegation on the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangement Monitoring Mechanism team for South Sudan: 2015 As a diplomat, Koreta led a Ugandan peace-keeping force to Liberia in the late 1990s.
In 2016, he was elected as a representative for the UPDF in the 10th Parliament of Uganda. In February 2019 he was promoted from the rank of Lieutenant General to that of a Four-star General, as a part of a promotions exercise involving over 2,000 men and women of the UPDF. UPDF Parliament of Uganda Salim Saleh Mugisha Muntu Jeje Odongo James Kazini Aronda Nyakairima Charles Angina Partial List of Senior UPDF Commanders Website of the Parliament of Uganda
Mbarara is a city in the Western Region of Uganda. It is the main municipal and commercial centre of Mbarara District and the site of the district headquarters. Mbarara is about 290 kilometres, by road, Uganda's capital and largest city. Mbarara is an important transport hub, lying west of Masaka on the road to Kabale, near Lake Mburo National Park; the coordinates of the Mbarara central business district are 00 36 48S, 30 39 30E. In 2002, the national census estimated the population of the town at 69,400; the Uganda Bureau of Statistics estimated the population at 82,000 in 2010. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year population at 83,700. In August 2014, the national population census put the population at 195,013. MBARARA GENESIS Early Travellers in Ankole and the Founding of Mbarara by an African and European Initiative. By David Weekes, ISBN 9780956550149 describes its founding in 1899 on an old royal site, abandoned. Mbarara came from behind and developed to surpass Entebbe, Masaka and Jinja as the second-largest city in Uganda after Kampala and second to Kampala in importance and infrastructure, 3rd largest town in Uganda by population after Kampala and Kira and the fastest growing town in Uganda followed by Gulu.
Starting with 2000, modern buildings have been established including malls, arcades and hotels. Modern hospitals have been constructed including Mbarara Hospital, now a National Referral Hospital, Mbarara Community Hospital a private hospital located in Kyamugorani, Kakiika Division, Mayanja Memorial Hospital located in Nyamityobora Kakoba Division. On 7 August 2015 the Uganda cabinet approved Mbarara Municipality alongside other 5 municipalities to be granted a city status. Mbarara is the home of Mbarara University of Science & Technology, founded in 1989. With significance for all Ugandan cities, Mbarara was the host to the 2004 Annual General Meeting of the Uganda Local Governments Association on 1 October, which saw the changing of the organisation to its current structure in order to represent all Ugandan local governments. Mbarara remains an active member of this governmental association. Due to a expanding population, the current water supply from nearby River Rwizi is insufficient to meet the future needs of Mbarara City.
The Ugandan government has borrowed €120 million to source water from the Kagera River purify it and pump it to Mbarara and Isingiro District. As part of the modernisation of the Mbarara-Katuna Road, a new northern bypass road is planned for the town; the bypass will start from the Coca-Cola Plant on Mbarara-Masaka Road at Makenke, pass through Rwebishuri and Nkokonjeru and join the Mbarara-Kabale Road at Katatumba Resort, about 5 kilometres southwest of the central business district. The bypass is expected to decongest the city centre by taking the long-distance trucks destined for and coming from Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo off of Mbarara's city streets; the 14 kilometres road is expected to cost about €170 million, of which the European Union is expected to lend about €122 million with the government funding the balance from its own resources. The following additional points of interest lie within the city limits or close to its edges: headquarters of Mbarara District Administration offices of Mbarara Municipal Council Mbarara Brewery - A subsidiary of SABMiller.
Mbarara Steel Plant - Owned and operated by the China Machine Building International Corporation, a Chinese Government parastal company Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital - A 600-bed, public hospital, administered by the Uganda Ministry of Health. The teaching hospital of Mbarara University School of Medicine Mbarara Community Hospital - A private hospital that serves the community without regard to ability to pay. Mayanja Memorial Hospital - A private 100-bed hospital Holy Innocents Children's Hospital - A private 100-bed general pediatric hospital, administered by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mbarara Mbarara University of Science and Technology - One of the six public universities in Uganda. Uganda Bible Institute; the Mbarara Campus of Uganda Martyrs University. The Western Campus of Uganda Management Institute Bishop Stuart University - A private Christian University, affiliated with the Church of Uganda Ntare School - A boys-only, boarding middle and high school Mbarara High School - A residential boys-only middle and high school Maryhill High School-A girls-only,boarding middle and high school founded by the Daughters of Mary and government aided Mbarara Airport - A public airport, located about 10 kilometres, by road northwest of town Mbarara Bypass Road - A 14 kilometres bypass road under construction, circling the northern half of the city.
Ankole sub-region List of cities and towns in Uganda Mbarara University Homepage Britannica Online Article About Mbarara Nile Breweries Raises Tetchy Land Question Over Mbarara Project Agandi Portal- A city web portal for Mbarara Mbarara News website Downtown Mbarara
Lake Mburo National Park
Lake Mburo National Park is a national park located in western Uganda. Lake Mburo National Park is located in Kiruhura District in the Western Region of Uganda; the park is about 30 kilometres, by road, east of Mbarara, the largest city in the sub-region. This location is 240 kilometres, by road, west of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city; the coordinates of the park are 00 36S, 30 57E. The park has a variety of animals such as zebra, impala, common eland, African buffalo, African leopard, over three hundred bird species. At 260 square kilometres, the park is the smallest of Uganda’s savannah national parks; the park has camp grounds and permanent tent facilities for visitors. In 2009, the Uganda Wildlife Authority, which manages the park announced plans to introduce balloon tourism in the park. Since 2005, the protected area is considered a Lion Conservation Unit. Lake Mburo was gazetted in 1933 as a controlled hunting area and upgraded to a game reserve in 1963; the Banyankole Bahima residents continued to graze their cattle in the reserve until it was upgraded to national park status in 1983.
The Obote government's upgrade decision was intended, in part, to weaken the Banyankole, who supported anti-Obote rebels. It came at the time of the Operation Bonanza massacre of 300,000 people; as the evicted pastoralists were not compensated for lost grazing land or assisted with resettling, many remained hostile to the upgrade. The rangeland outside the park was subsequently subdivided into small ranges and subsistence farming plots. In 1985, the second Obote regime fell and the previous residents of Lake Mburo re-occupied the park's land, expelling park staff, destroying infrastructure, killing wildlife. Less than half of the park's original land area was re-gazetted by the National Resistance Movement government in 1986. Mbarara District Giraffes will be translocated to Lake Mburo National Park Official government site Lake Mburo Information Portal Lake Mburo National Park Official Website Lion escapes from Lake Mburo national park, injures three people before being gunned down UWA Translocate 15 Giraffes to Lake Mburo National Park
Winifred Byanyima is a Ugandan aeronautical engineer and diplomat. She is the executive director of Oxfam International, to which she was appointed in May 2013. Before that, she served as the director of the Gender Team in the Bureau for Development Policy at the United Nations Development Programme from 2006. Byanyima was born in Mbarara District in the Western Region of Uganda, a British protectorate at the time, her parents are Boniface Byanyima, one-time national chairman of the Democratic Party in Uganda, Gertrude Byanyima, a former schoolteacher who died in November 2008. Winnie Byanyima attended Mount Saint Mary's College Namagunga in Mukono District, she went on to obtain a bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Manchester, becoming the first female Ugandan to become an aeronautical engineer. She received a master's degree in mechanical engineering, specializing in energy conservation from Cranfield University. Following the completion of her training as an aeronautical engineer, Byanyima worked as a flight engineer for Uganda Airlines.
When Yoweri Museveni started the 1981–1986 Ugandan Bush War, Byanyima left her job and joined the armed rebellion. Museveni and Byanyima had been raised together at the Byanyima household as children, with the Byanyima family paying for all Museveni's education and scholastic needs. Museveni and her husband Kizza Besigye were combatants in the National Resistance Army during that war. Both Byanyima and her husband have since fallen out with the Ugandan president because of his repressive undemocratic rule despite his earlier stated convictions. After the NRA won that war, Byanyima served as Uganda's ambassador to France from 1989 until 1994, she returned home and became an active participant in Ugandan politics. She served as a member of the Constituent Assembly, she served two consecutive terms as a member of parliament, representing Mbarara Municipality from 1994 until 2004. She was appointed director of the Directorate of Women and Development at the headquarters of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
She served in that capacity until she was appointed as director of the Gender Team in the Bureau for Development Policy at UNDP in November 2006. In January 2013, Byanyima was announced as the next executive director of Oxfam International, replacing Jeremy Hobbs. Byanyima began her five-year directorship at Oxfam on 1 May 2013. In December 2017, she announced acceptance of an offer from Oxfam's Board of Supervisors to serve a second five-year term as Oxfam International's Executive Director. In January 2015, Byanyima co-chaired the World Economic Forum in Davos, she used the forum to press for action to narrow the gap between poor. The charity's research claims that the share of the world's wealth owned by the richest 1 percent of the world population had increased to nearly 50 percent in 2014, whereas 99 percent shares the other half. Oxfam's figures are contested by several economists. In November 2016, Byanyima was appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to the High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines, co-chaired by Ruth Dreifuss, former President of Switzerland, Festus Mogae, former President of Botswana.
Byanyima is married to political opposition figure Kizza Besigye, the former chairman of the Forum for Democratic Change political party in Uganda. They are the parents of one son named Anselm. Byanyima is a member of the FDC, although she has reduced her participation in partisan Ugandan politics since she became a Ugandan diplomat in 2004, she has five siblings: Edith, Martha and Olivia. Biography of Mrs. Gertrude Byanyima, Winnie Byanyima's Mother 2008 Interview With Winnie Byanyima Oxfam Chief On The Global Problem of Gender Equality – December 2013
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term dioikesis meaning "administration". Today, when used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. In the organization of the Roman Empire, the subdivided provinces were administratively associated in a larger unit, the diocese. After Christianity was given legal status in 313, the Churches began to organize themselves into dioceses based on provinces, not on the larger regional imperial districts; the dioceses were smaller than the provinces since there were more bishops than governors. Christianity was declared the Empire's official religion by Theodosius I in 380. Constantine I in 318 gave litigants the right to have court cases transferred from the civil courts to the bishops; this situation must have hardly survived Julian, 361-363. Episcopal courts are not heard of again in the East until 398 and in the West in 408; the quality of these courts were low, not above suspicion as the bishop of Alexandria Troas found out that clergy were making a corrupt profit.
Nonetheless, these courts were popular. Bishops had no part in the civil administration until the town councils, in decline, lost much authority to a group of'notables' made up of the richest councilors and rich persons exempted from serving on the councils, retired military, bishops post-450 A. D; as the Western Empire collapsed in the 5th century, bishops in Western Europe assumed a larger part of the role of the former Roman governors. A similar, though less pronounced, development occurred in the East, where the Roman administrative apparatus was retained by the Byzantine Empire. In modern times, many dioceses, though subdivided, have preserved the boundaries of a long-vanished Roman administrative division. For Gaul, Bruce Eagles has observed that "it has long been an academic commonplace in France that the medieval dioceses, their constituent pagi, were the direct territorial successors of the Roman civitates."Modern usage of'diocese' tends to refer to the sphere of a bishop's jurisdiction.
This became commonplace during the self-conscious "classicizing" structural evolution of the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century, but this usage had itself been evolving from the much earlier parochia, dating from the formalized Christian authority structure in the 4th century. Most archdioceses are metropolitan sees. A few are suffragans of a metropolitan are directly subject to the Holy See. While the terms "diocese" and "episcopal see" are applicable to the area under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of any bishop, a bishop in charge of an archdiocese thereby holds the rank of archbishop. If the title of archbishop is granted on personal grounds to a diocesan bishop, his diocese does not thereby become an archdiocese; as of January 2019, in the Catholic Church there are 2,886 regular dioceses: 1 papal see, 645 archdioceses and 2,240 dioceses in the world. In the Eastern rites in communion with the Pope, the equivalent unit is called an eparchy; the Eastern Orthodox Church calls dioceses episkopē in the Greek tradition and eparchies in the Slavic tradition.
After the English Reformation, the Church of England retained the existing diocesan structure which remains throughout the Anglican Communion. The one change is that the areas administered under the Archbishop of Canterbury and Archbishop of York are properly referred to as dioceses, not archdioceses: they are the metropolitan bishops of their respective provinces and bishops of their own diocese and have the position of archbishop. Certain Lutheran denominations such as the Church of Sweden do have individual dioceses similar to Roman Catholics; these dioceses and archdioceses are under the government of a bishop. Other Lutheran bodies and synods that have dioceses and bishops include the Church of Denmark, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, the Evangelical Church in Germany, the Church of Norway. From about the 13th century until the German mediatization of 1803, the majority of the bishops of the Holy Roman Empire were prince-bishops, as such exercised political authority over a principality, their so-called Hochstift, distinct, considerably smaller than their diocese, over which they only exercised the usual authority of a bishop.
Some American Lutheran church bodies such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America have a bishop acting as the head of the synod, but the synod does not have dioceses and archdioceses as the churches listed above. Rather, it is divided into a middle judicatory; the Lutheran Church - International, based in Springfield, presently uses a traditional diocesan structure, with four dioceses in North America. Its current president is Archbishop Robert W. Hotes; the Church of God in Christ has dioceses throughout the United States. In the COGIC, most states are divided into at least three or more dioceses that are each led by a bishop; these dioceses are called "jurisdictions" within COGIC. In the Latter Day Saint movement, the term "bishopric" is used to describe the bishop himself, together with his two counselors, not the ward or congregation of which a bishop has charge. In the United Methodist Church, a bishop is given oversight over a geographical area called an episcopal area; each episcopal area contains one or more an
The Missionaries of Africa known as the White Fathers or the Society of the Missionaries of Africa are a Roman Catholic society of apostolic life. Founded in 1868 by Archbishop of Algiers Cardinal Charles Lavigerie, the society focuses on evangelism and education in Africa. In 2009, the White Fathers numbered 1,769 perpetually vowed members and 354 students preparing to enter the society; the cholera epidemic 1867 left a large number of Algerian orphans, the education and Christian instruction of these children was the occasion of the founding of the society in Maison-Carrée near Algiers. Missionary posts were established in the Sahara. In 1876. In 1881 two caravans from South Algeria and R'dames, intending to open missions in Sudan, were massacred by their guides. In 1878 ten missionaries left Algiers to establish posts at Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika; these now form the present Lakes Archdioceses of Kampala, Gitega and the dioceses of Kigoma and Kalemie-Kirungu. In 1894 the mission of French Sudan was founded, now the Archdiocese of Bamako.
The missions of the Sahara are grouped in a prefecture Apostolic. In 1880, at the request of the Holy See, the White Fathers established at Jerusalem a Greek-Melkite seminary for the formation of clergy of the Melkite Catholic Church; the society is composed of missionary priests and coadjutor brothers. The members are bound by an oath engaging them to labour for the conversion of Africa according to the constitutions of their society; the missionaries are not speaking, a religious institute, whether "order" or "congregation". Instead, they are a society of apostolic life, they may retain their own property. One of the chief points in the rule is in regard to community life in the missions, each house being obliged to contain at least three members. At the head of the society is a General-Superior, elected every six years by the chapter, he resides in Rome at the Generalate house on Via Aurelia. Those desiring to become priests or brothers are admitted to the novitiate after their philosophical studies.
After the novitiate they spent two years of missionary training on the field and four years of theology. This training can be different for brother candidates; the theological studies are spent in scholasticate presently located in Abidjan, Merrivale, South Africa and Jerusalem. The society admits persons of all nationalities; the habit of the missionaries resembles the white robes of the Algerian Arabs and consists of a cassock or gandoura, a mantle or burnous. A rosary and cross are worn around the neck in imitation of the mesbaha of the marabouts; the society depends directly on the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. The White Fathers succeeded in establishing small missions among the Kabyle Berbers, there being at present nine hundred and sixty-two Christians; the number of neophytes in all the vicariates was 135,000. A test of four years is imposed on those desiring to be baptized. To religious instruction the missionaries add lessons in reading and writing, teach in special classes, the tongue of the European nation governing the country, French in these areas.
The brothers train the young people for trades and agriculture. The number of boys in the schools was 22,281. In January 2006, the society numbered. There were 354 students preparing to enter the society. Under the leadership of Archbishop Charles-Martial Allemand-Lavigerie, General Superiors were: Later Superiors General were: The White Fathers created mission stations in what was Northern Rhodesia in the Luwingu District. From a letter home written on 10th August 1930 by a 23-year-old fresh recruit to the Northern Rhodesian Government:- "My senior at Luwingu is a man called Wickins, whose wife is there with him, & they are the only white people on the station; the district is 6620 square miles in area, with only 12 whites all told. And again, 13 September 1930:- "On Thursday we went over to the Santa Maria mission on the island & had lunch there & saw round the place, they have just built a wonderful Church - by native labor & making their own bricks. There were 2 White Fathers - one French & the other German - but they were keen to air their indifferent English & wouldn't talk French!"
Christian mission Bishop Burkhard Huwiler Bishop Joseph Dupont Melkite Greek Catholic Church Mua Mission, Malawi Catholic youth sports associations of French Algeria Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "White Fathers". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Missionaries of Africa Missionaries of Africa in West Africa Missionaries of Africa UK Register to the Photograph Collection of the White Fathers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution