Roman Catholic Diocese of Vigevano

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Diocese of Vigevano

Dioecesis Viglevanensis
Vigevano Duomo dalla torre.jpg
Vigevano Cathedral
Location
CountryItaly
Ecclesiastical provinceMilan
Statistics
Area1,509 km2 (583 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2014)
193,000 (est.)
183,400 (est.) (95.0%)
Parishes87
Information
DenominationCatholic Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established14 March 1530 (489 years ago)
CathedralCattedrale di S. Ambrogio
Secular priests98 (diocesan)
11 (Religious Orders)
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopMaurizio Gervasoni
Bishops emeritusClaudio Baggini
Vincenzo Di Mauro
Map
Roman Catholic Diocese of Vigevano in Italy.svg
Website
www.diocesivigevano.it

The Italian Catholic Diocese of Vigevano (Latin: Dioecesis Viglevanensis) lies almost entirely in the Province of Pavia, Lombardy. It has existed since 1530; the diocese is suffragan of the Archdiocese of Milan, having in the past been suffragan of the Archdiocese of Vercelli.[1][2]

History[edit]

The earliest notices of Vigevano date from the tenth century, when it was favoured as a residence by King Arduin for hunting. In the next period it was a Ghibelline commune, and was accordingly besieged and taken by the Milanese in 1201 and again in 1275. In 1328 it surrendered to Azzone Visconti, and thereafter shared the political fortunes of Milan. In the last years of the Visconti domination it sustained a siege by Francesco Sforza.

Until 1530 the town belonged to the Diocese of Novara and had a collegiate chapter. Francesco Sforza procured the erection of the see and provided its revenues; the Duke of Milan's interest in Novara was not purely philanthropic.

With the Treaty of Worms (1743) the diocese became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

The first bishop was Galeazzo Pietra, succeeded by his nephew Maurizio Pietra (1552); both of these promoted the Tridentine reforms, and the work was continued by their successors. Marsilio Landriani (1594) distinguished himself in various nunciatures and founded a Barnabite college for the education of young men. Giorgio Odescalchi (1610) was a very zealous pastor; the process of his beatification has been commenced. Giovanni Caramuel Lobkowitz (1675) was an example of pastoral activity and the author of many works, philosophical, theological, ascetical etc., though his Theologia fundamentalis was censured.[3] Pier Marino Sonnani (1688), a Minorite, who enlarged the seminary, maintained a struggle against the spread of the doctrines of Miguel Molinos. Nicola Saverio Gamboni was appointed to the see by Napoleon in 1801.

In 1817, after the agreements at the Congress of Vienna, which returned the Kingdom of Sardinia to the House of Savoy after French occupation, the diocese of Vigevano was augmented.[4]

The church which became the Cathedral of Vigevano was initially built in 1100, and then rebuilt in the sixteenth century through a commission by Duke Francesco II Sforza; the facade of the second and current structure was re-designed by Cardinal Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz in 1673 (completed c. 1680). The Church of S. Pietro Martiere was built, with the adjacent Dominican convent, by Filippo Maria Visconti in 1445; the convent is now[when?] used for government offices and courts. Among the civil edifices is the castle, once a fortress, built by Bramante in 1492, by order of Ludovico il Moro, which became a royal palace.

Bishops[edit]

Erected : 14 March 1530
Latin Name: Viglevanensis Metropolitan: Archdiocese of Milan

Sede vacante (1635–1648)
Sede vacante (1649–1654)
  • Gabriel Adarzo de Santander y Martínez de Viaín, O. de M. (9 Mar 1654 – 24 Sep 1657 Confirmed, Archbishop of Otranto)
  • Attilio Pietrasanta, O. Cist. (28 Jul 1659 – 7 Nov 1666 Died)
  • Gerolamo Visconti (3 Oct 1667 – 26 Oct 1670 Died)
  • Giovanni Rasino (1 Jul 1671 – 18 Nov 1672 Died)[13]
  • Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, O.S.B.[14] (25 Sep 1673 – 7 Sep 1682 Died)
  • Ferdinando de Rojas (Roxas) (20 Dec 1683 – 30 Dec 1685 Died)[15]
  • Pier Marino Sormani, O.F.M. (11 Oct 1688 – 12 Aug 1702 Died)
  • Gerolamo Archinto (5 Mar 1703 – 22 Oct 1710 Died)
  • Giorgio Cattaneo[16] (2 Mar 1712 – 7 Nov 1730 Died)
  • Carlo Bossi[17] (18 Jun 1731 – 7 Oct 1753 Died)
  • Francesco Agostino della Chiesa[18] (17 Feb 1755 – 11 Aug 1755 Died)
  • Giuseppe Maria Scarampi[19] (18 Jul 1757 – 18 Feb 1801 Died)
  • Francesco Milesi[20] (18 Sep 1807 – 23 Sep 1816) (appointed Patriarch of Venice (1815–1819)[21]
  • Giovanni Francesco Toppia[22] (25 May 1818 – 20 Jul 1828 Died)
  • Giovanni Battista Accusani (5 Jul 1830 – 19 Jul 1843 Died)
  • Pio Vincenzo Forzani (25 Jan 1844 – 15 Dec 1859 Died)
  • Pietro Giuseppe de Gaudenzi (27 Oct 1871 – 15 Oct 1891 Died)
  • Giacomo Merizzi (14 Dec 1891 – 28 Nov 1898 Resigned)
  • Pietro Berruti (28 Nov 1898 – 8 Apr 1921 Died)
  • Angelo Giacinto Scapardini, O.P. (27 Aug 1921 – 18 May 1937 Died)
  • Giovanni Bargiggia (6 Jul 1937 – 11 Apr 1946 Died)
  • Antonio Picconi (13 Jun 1946 – 21 Apr 1952 Died)
  • Luigi Barbero (26 Jul 1952 – 1 Apr 1971 Died)
  • Mario Rossi (4 Aug 1971 – 19 Aug 1988 Died)
  • Giovanni Locatelli (12 Nov 1988 – 18 Mar 2000 Retired)
  • Claudio Baggini (18 Mar 2000 – 12 Mar 2011 Resigned)
  • Vincenzo Di Mauro (12 Mar 2011 – 21 Jul 2012 Resigned[23])
  • Maurizio Gervasoni (20 Jul 2013 – )

Parishes[edit]

Of the 87 parishes 86 are located, like Vigevano, within the Province of Pavia in Lombardy; the exception is S. Silvano Martire which is within the commune of Sozzago in the Piedmontese province of Novara.[24] In 2014 there was one priest for every 1,682 Catholics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diocese of Vigevano" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016. [self-published source]
  2. ^ "Diocese of Vigevano" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved March 9, 2016.[self-published source]
  3. ^ Cf. Jesús Martínez de Bujanda; Marcella Richter (2002). Index des livres interdits: Index librorum prohibitorum 1600-1966 (in French). Montreal: Médiaspaul. p. 189. ISBN 978-2-89420-522-8.
  4. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 183–188.
  5. ^ Biffignandi, pp. 178–193.
  6. ^ Eubel, III, p. 334.
  7. ^ Biffignandi, pp. 193–203.
  8. ^ Maurizio Pietra was present at the Council of Trent in 1562 and 1563. Eubel, III, p. 334, with note 4.
  9. ^ Landriani was consecrated in Rome on 14 November 1593 by Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 369, with note 2.
  10. ^ Giovanni Maria Ferraria (1682). Vita del venerabile seruo di dio m.or Pietro Giorgio Odescalchi vescouo prima d'Alessandria, e poi di Vigeuano (in Italian). Vigevano: nella stampa vescouale per Camillo Corrada.
  11. ^ "Archbishop Francisco Romero, O. Carm." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  12. ^ "Bishop Juan Gutiérrez" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 9, 2019
  13. ^ Born in Milan, Rasino was a Doctor of Civil and Canon Law (Bologna 1652). He was Archdeacon of Milan when named Bishop of Vigevano, he was consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Federigo Borromeo on 5 July 1671. He died on 18 November 1672. Ritzler, V, p. 415, with note 3. Cappelletti, pp. 630–631.
  14. ^ Biffignandi, pp. 220–222. Jacopo Antonio Tadisi (1760). Memorie della vita di monsignore Giovanni Caramuel di Lobkowitz vescovo di Vigevano, descritte da Jacopo-Antonio Tadisi . (in Italian). Venezia: Giovanni Tevernin. Cappelletti, pp. 631–636.
  15. ^ "Bishop Ferdinando de Rojas (Roxas)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 21, 2016
  16. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 144–149. Cappelletti, p. 641.
  17. ^ Bossi was born in Milan and obtained a Doctorate in Civil and Canon Law from the University of Pavia (1690). He became a Canon in the Cathedral of Milan. On 31 January 1731 he was presented to the diocese of Vigevano by the Emperor in his capacity as Duke of Milan; and was approved by the Pope on 18 June, he was consecrated in Rome on 24 June by Cardinal Antonio Zondadari. Ritzler, VI, p. 442, with note 2. Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 149–155. Cappelletti, pp. 641–642.
  18. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 155–157. Cappelletti, pp. 642–643.
  19. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 157–169. Cappelletti, pp. 643–644.
  20. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 176–182. Bishop Milesi attended the Council in Paris in 1811. Alfonso de Beauchamp (1825). Storia delle sciagure del s.p. Pio VII (in Italian). Torino: G. Pomba. p. 298. In 1815 he was named Patriarch of Venice by the Emperor Franz.
  21. ^ Gams, p. 793.
  22. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 188–216. One of his principal problems was the rise of the Carbonari and similar groups, the Adelfia and the Filadelfia.
  23. ^ Di Mauro resigned for 'grave health reasons', according to a report in "Il giorno" (Pavia) on 21 July 2012: retrieved 2016-10-06.
  24. ^ Source:chiesacattolica.it (retrieved:2008-03-13)

Books[edit]

Reference works[edit]

Studies[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Benigni, Umberto. "Vigevano." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Retrieved: 2016-10-06.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Vigevano". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

Coordinates: 45°19′00″N 8°52′00″E / 45.3167°N 8.8667°E / 45.3167; 8.8667