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Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court is the treaty that established the International Criminal Court. It was adopted at a diplomatic conference in Rome, Italy on 17 July 1998 and it entered into force on 1 July 2002; as of November 2019, 123 states are party to the statute. Among other things, the statute establishes the court's functions and structure; the Rome Statute established four core international crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, the crime of aggression. Those crimes "shall not be subject to any statute of limitations". Under the Rome Statute, the ICC can only investigate and prosecute the four core international crimes in situations where states are "unable" or "unwilling" to do so themselves; the court has jurisdiction over crimes only if they are committed in the territory of a state party or if they are committed by a national of a state party. The Rome Statute established four core international crimes: Genocide, Crimes against humanity, War crimes, Crime of aggression.

Following years of negotiation, aimed at establishing a permanent international tribunal to prosecute individuals accused of genocide and other serious international crimes, such as crimes against humanity, war crimes and crimes of aggression, the United Nations General Assembly convened a five-week diplomatic conference in Rome in June 1998 "to finalize and adopt a convention on the establishment of an international criminal court". A five-week diplomatic conference was convened in Rome in June 1998 "to finalize and adopt a convention on the establishment of an international criminal court". On 17 July 1998, the Rome Statute was adopted with 21 countries abstaining. By agreement, there was no recorded vote of each delegation's vote regarding the adoption of the Rome Statute. Therefore, there is some dispute over the identity of the seven countries that voted against the treaty, it is certain that the People's Republic of China and the United States were three of the seven because they have publicly confirmed their negative votes.

Israel’s vote against was publicly declared as being due to the inclusion in the list of a war crimes of “the action of transferring population into occupied territory”. On 11 April 2002, ten countries ratified the statute at the same time at a special ceremony held at the United Nations headquarters in New York City, bringing the total number of signatories to sixty, the minimum number required to bring the statute into force, as defined in Article 126; the treaty entered into force on 1 July 2002. The statute was modified in 2010 after the Review Conference in Kampala, but the amendments to the statute that were adopted at that time are not effective yet; the Rome Statute is the result of multiple attempts for the creation of a supranational and international tribunal. At the end of the 19th century, the international community took the first steps towards the institution of permanent courts with supranational jurisdiction. With the Hague International Peace Conferences, representatives of the most powerful nations made an attempt to harmonize laws of war and to limit the use of technologically advanced weapons.

After World War I and more after the heinous crimes committed during World War II, it became a priority to prosecute individuals responsible for egregious crimes so serious that they needed to be exemplified by being referred to as called "crimes against humanity". In order to re-affirm basic principles of democratic civilisation, the alleged criminals were not executed in public squares or sent to torture camps, but instead treated as criminals: with a regular trial, the right to defense and the presumption of innocence; the Nuremberg trials marked a crucial moment in legal history, after that, some treaties that led to the drafting of the Rome Statute were signed. UN General Assembly Resolution n. 260 9 December 1948, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, was the first step towards the establishment of an international permanent criminal tribunal with jurisdiction on crimes yet to be defined in international treaties. In the resolution there was a hope for an effort from the Legal UN commission in that direction.

The General Assembly, after the considerations expressed from the commission, established a committee to draft a statute and study the related legal issues. In 1951 a first draft was presented; the geopolitical tensions of the Cold War contributed to the delays. Trinidad and Tobago asked the General Assembly in December 1989 to re-open the talks for the establishment of an international criminal court and in 1994 presented a draft Statute; the General Assembly created an ad hoc committee for the International Criminal Court and, after hearing the conclusions, a Preparatory Committee that worked for two years on the draft. Meanwhile, the United Nations created the ad


Morestead is a village in the South Downs, about 3 miles southeast of Winchester in Hampshire, England. According to the Post Office the 2011 Census was included in the civil parish of Twyford; the village is part of the civil parish of Morestead. The village lies on rising downland adjacent to the ancient Roman road from Portchester to Winchester. Morestead is predominantly a farming community and there are racehorse training stables; the ancient Parish Church has no known dedication. Page, W. H. ed.. A History of the County of Hampshire. Victoria County History. 3. Westminster: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 329–330. Pevsner, Nikolaus. Hampshire and the Isle of Wight; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. P. 340. Owslebury & Morestead Parish

Giannis Sachpatzidis

Giannis Sachpatzidis is a Greek professional basketball player. He is a 2.09 m tall power forward-center. Sachpatzidis played amateur level basketball with X. A. N. Thessaloniki, until he joined Rethymno Cretan Kings of the Greek top-tier level Greek Basket League; the same year, he was loaned to Irakleio of the Greek B League, where he averaged 10 points per game. The following season, he joined Pagrati of the Greek A2 League, where he was coached by Dinos Kalampakos. On August 18, 2016, he joined Koroivos Amaliadas of the Greek Basket League, where he became the team captain. In 2018, he joined the Greek A2 League club Ionikos Nikaias. Sfera Sports Association Profile Profile

MTV Unplugged (Alanis Morissette album)

MTV Unplugged is the first live album by Canadian singer-songwriter Alanis Morissette, released by Maverick Records in the United States on November 9, 1999. It comprises songs performed by Morissette on the television program MTV Unplugged. Twelve tracks were included on the album, but Morissette performed several others, including "Baba", "Thank U" and "Your House", during her Unplugged concert; these were released as B-sides on the "King of Pain" single release. The first single, "That I Would Be Good", was moderately successful, two other tracks, "King of Pain" and "You Learn" were released as singles outside North America; as of March 2012, the album has sold 673,000 copies in the U. S. In addition to material from Morissette's first two U. S. albums, MTV Unplugged featured performances of "No Pressure over Cappuccino" and "Princes Familiar", two unreleased songs from her tours, "These R the Thoughts", a released b-side. Morissette has stated that "Princes Familiar" in particular is one of her favorite and most vocally challenging songs.

She performed it on her 2005 Diamond Wink Tour, where she dedicated it to "all of the dads in the audience." The ballad "No Pressure over Cappuccino", one of the first songs she wrote following the release of Jagged Little Pill, "was inspired by twin brother," Wade. Featuring cleaner vocals, slower arrangements and a few drastic reinventions, MTV Unplugged foreshadowed much of Morissette's softer work 2005's Jagged Little Pill Acoustic and the accompanying Diamond Wink Tour. All lyrics are written by Alanis Morissette. Alanis Morissette - vocals, guitar and flute Nick Lashley - guitar Joel Shearer - guitar Deron Johnson - keyboards, background vocals in "King of Pain" Chris Chaney - bass Gary Novak - drums and percussion Chris Fogel - mixing Brad Dutz - percussion David Campbell - musical arranger and viola Suzie Katayama - cello and string arrangement for "You Oughta Know" Joul Derouin - violin Laura Seaton - violin Erik Friedlander - cello Juliet Haffner - strings contractor

Charles Freeman Lee

Charles Freeman Lee, known as Freeman Lee was an American jazz trumpeter, recording with the Elmo Hope Quintet, Bennie Green, Babs Gonzales and Howard McGhee. Charles Freeman Lee was born in NY, to Louella Simpson Lee and Charles Henry Lee, he studied at Wilberforce University, played with Wilberforce Collegians. He graduated from Central State University with a B. S. in Biology. In 1950 Lee played piano with Snooky Young. In 1951, Lee played trumpet with Candy Johnson. In 1952, Lee played trumpet with Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis. In 1953 Lee performed with Joe Holiday. In 1954 and 1955 Lee freelanced in New York City. In 1956 he played with James Moody. Lee visited Ohio for a year returning to NYC and gigging around, including performances at the jazz club Birdland, playing both piano and trumpet, he played with Babs Gonzales. Lee was the trumpeter for the Elmo Hope quintet, other members of the group being Hope, Frank Foster, Percy Heath and Art Blakey. Foster played on Volume 2 and Hope Meets Foster. Lee wrote the song "My Delight" on the album Shades of Blue by Howard McGhee.

Lee was a member of a group of singers called "The Modern Sounds" who sang on the tracks "Movin' and Groovin'" and "The Doomed" on Gonzales' album Voila the Preacher, performed by Gonzales, Les Spann, Charlie Griffin, Horace Parlan, Charlie Rouse, Ray Crawford, Peck Morrison, Roy Haynes with The Modern Sounds: Joe Bailey, Curtis Lewis, Freeman Lee, Mamie Watts. Lee was a composer on the album Bennie Green Swings the Blues, along with Arthur Johnston and John Burke, producer Teddy McRae. Other artists were Paul Gusman on drums, Bennie Green on trombone, Sonny Clark on piano, Jimmy Forrest on tenor sax. In 2017 a book about the life of Lee was published entitled “A Jazzman’s Tale”, it was written by Annette Johnson, inspired to write the book after having met Lee in his years. After his career as a jazz trumpeter, Lee was a science educator who inspired his students at Krueger Junior High School in Michigan City, Indiana, his sisters Mary W. White and Jane Lee Ball were educators, he never had children.

He was buried in Xenia Ohio. 2011 Bebop: It Began in the Big Apple: Trumpet 2008 New York Is Our Home: Trumpet 2004 Swings the Blues, Bennie Green: Composer 1997 Blue Note: A Story of Modern Jazz, Trumpet 1973. Howard McGhee - Shades Of Blue and Arrangement 1958; the Preacher - Voila: Performed by Babs Gonzales: vocals, as part of The Modern Sounds quartet 1957 Trio and Quintet: Elmo Hope, Main Personnel: Trumpet 1955 Hope Meets Foster, Elmo Hope and Frank Foster: Trumpet 1954 Elmo Hope Quintet Elmo Hope Quintet: Trumpet 1. Discography from Allmusic 2. Trio and Quintet, 1953 3. Cook, Richard: Blue Note Records: The Biography, page 70. 4. Reisner, Robert: Bird: The legend of Charlie Parker, page 230. 5. Dave Hunt Jazz 6. Mary White obituary, Michigan City News Dispatch 7. Howard Mcghee, Shades of Blue 8. Http:// 9. Elmo Hope Discography 10. Candice Watkins, Arnett Howard, James Loeffler. Ohio Jazz: A History of Jazz in the Buckeye State, page 43 11. A Literary Fugue in Three Parts: A Jazzman’s Tale Charles Freeman Lee at Find a Grave

Arturo Ripstein

Arturo Ripstein y Rosen is a Mexican film director. Ripstein got his break into movies working as an uncredited assistant director for Luis Buñuel. In 1965, he directed his first feature. Written by Carlos Fuentes and Gabriel García Márquez, it began a tradition of making independent films written by high-profile Latin-American authors, his 1981 film Seduction was entered into the 12th Moscow International Film Festival. His 1989 film Love Lies was entered into the 16th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1997, Ripstein won the National Prize of Arts and Sciences, the second filmmaker after Buñuel to do so; some of Ripstein's films the earlier ones, "highlighted characters beset by futile compulsions to escape destinies". Many of his films are shot in tawdry interiors, with bleak brown color schemes, seedy pathetic characters who manage to achieve a hint of pathos and dignity. Así es la vida, according to Jonathan Crow, "boldly reworks the ancient Greek drama Medea, employing a dizzying array of flashbacks and Brechtian devices".

Deep Crimson, according to the New York Times, is "a ferociously anti-romantic portrait of an obese nurse and a seedy small-time gigolo whose bungling scheme to swindle a succession of lonely women out of their life savings turns into a killing spree." Tiempo de morir The Castle of Purity The Holy Office Foxtrot La viuda negra The Place Without Limits La tía Alejandra Seduction Rastro de muerte El imperio de la fortuna Mentiras piadosas Simplemente María TV Woman of the Port The Beginning and the End The Queen of the Night Deep Crimson El evangelio de las maravillas No One Writes to the Colonel Such Is Life La perdición de los hombres The Virgin of Lust El carnaval de Sodoma Las razones del corazón Bleak Street Devil Between the Legs Arturo Ripstein on IMDb Harvard Film Archive: Revelations of a Fallen World - The Cinema of Arturo Ripstein