Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Benedict of Nursia
Benedict of Nursia, a Christian saint, is venerated in the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Anglican Communion and Old Catholic Churches. He is a patron saint of Europe. Benedict founded twelve communities for monks at Subiaco, Italy, before moving to Monte Cassino in the mountains of southern Italy; the Order of Saint Benedict is of origin and, not an "order" as understood but a confederation of autonomous congregations. Benedict's main achievement, his "Rule of Saint Benedict", contains a set of rules for his monks to follow. Influenced by the writings of John Cassian, it shows strong affinity with the Rule of the Master, but it has a unique spirit of balance and reasonableness, this persuaded most Christian religious communities founded throughout the Middle Ages to adopt it. As a result, his Rule became one of the most influential religious rules in Western Christendom. For this reason, Benedict is called the founder of Western Christian monasticism.
Apart from a short poem attributed to Mark of Monte Cassino, the only ancient account of Benedict is found in the second volume of Pope Gregory I's four-book Dialogues, thought to have been written in 593, although the authenticity of this work has been disputed. Gregory's account of this saint's life is not, however, a biography in the modern sense of the word, it provides instead a spiritual portrait of the gentle, disciplined abbot. In a letter to Bishop Maximilian of Syracuse, Gregory states his intention for his Dialogues, saying they are a kind of floretum of the most striking miracles of Italian holy men. Gregory did not set out to write a chronological anchored story of Saint Benedict, but he did base his anecdotes on direct testimony. To establish his authority, Gregory explains that his information came from what he considered the best sources: a handful of Benedict's disciples who lived with the saint and witnessed his various miracles; these followers, are Constantinus, who succeeded Benedict as Abbot of Monte Cassino.
In Gregory's day, history was not recognised as an independent field of study. Gregory's Dialogues Book Two an authentic medieval hagiography cast as a conversation between the Pope and his deacon Peter, is designed to teach spiritual lessons, he was the son of a Roman noble of the modern Norcia, in Umbria. A tradition which Bede accepts makes him a twin with his sister Scholastica. If 480 is accepted as the year of his birth, the year of his abandonment of his studies and leaving home would be about 500. Saint Gregory's narrative makes it impossible to suppose him younger than 20 at the time, he was old enough to be in the midst of his literary studies, to understand the real meaning and worth of the dissolute and licentious lives of his companions, to have been affected by the love of a woman. He was at the beginning of life, he had at his disposal the means to a career as a Roman noble. Benedict was disappointed by the life he found there, he does not seem to have left Rome for the purpose of becoming a hermit, but only to find some place away from the life of the great city.
He took his old nurse with him as a servant and they settled down to live in Enfide. Enfide, which the tradition of Subiaco identifies with the modern Affile, is in the Simbruini mountains, about forty miles from Rome and two from Subiaco. A short distance from Enfide is the entrance to a narrow, gloomy valley, penetrating the mountains and leading directly to Subiaco; the path continues to ascend, the side of the ravine, on which it runs, becomes steeper, until a cave is reached above which the mountain now rises perpendicularly. The cave is about ten feet deep. On his way from Enfide, Benedict met a monk, Romanus of Subiaco, whose monastery was on the mountain above the cliff overhanging the cave. Romanus had discussed with Benedict the purpose which had brought him to Subiaco, had given him the monk's habit. By his advice Benedict became a hermit and for three years, unknown to men, lived in this cave above the lake. Gregory tells us little of these years, he now speaks of Benedict no longer as a man of God.
Romanus, served the saint in every way he could. The monk visited him and on fixed days brought him food. During these three years of solitude, broken only by occasional communications with the outer world and by the visits of Romanus, Benedict matured both in mind and character, in knowledge of himself and of his fellow-man, at the same time he became not known to, but secured the respect of, those about him. Benedict was acquainted with the life and discipline of the monastery, knew that "their manners were diverse from his and therefore that they would never agree together: yet, at length, overcome with their entreaty, he gav
Fiestas of National Tourist Interest of Spain
The category of Fiesta of National Tourist Interest in Spain is an honorary designation given to festivals or events held in Spain and that offer real interest from the tourism perspective. The Brotherhood of the Black Christ of Cáceres From 1 to 6: Fiestas Mayores de Almansa.www.agrupaciondecomparsas.com First Sunday of Pentecost, La Caballada of Atienza. First Sunday of May, Fiestas Aracelitanas. Lucena. Http://www.virgendearaceli.com First Sunday of May, Pilgrimage of San Benito Abad. El Cerro de Andévalo http://www.sanbenitoelcerro.com First weekend of May: Day of the Almadía. Burgi. Http://www.almadiasdenavarra.com First week of May: Fiesta de las Cruces, Córdoba. Fiesta of the first Friday of May, in Jaca. 1-2. Romería de Nuestra Señora de la Estrella. Navas de San Juan. Fiestas de la Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Fiestas de la Santísima Vera Cruz. Caravaca de la Cruz. Fiesta de la Santa Cruz. Feria. 3 al 14. Festival de los Patios Cordobeses. Córdoba 10-15. Fiestas Patronales de Santo Domingo.
Santo Domingo de la Calzada. 14-18. Fiestas Patronales de Madrid. Madrid. 14-18. Fiestas Hispano-Arabs in honor to Saint Boniface. Petrer. 17. Festa de la Llana. Ripoll. L'aplec del cargol. 31. Pilgrimage of San Isidro Labrador. Realejo Alto. May 31-June 1. Festa Major de Sant Feliu de Pallerols. Last week of May: Feria de Córdoba. Variable date. Feria de Mayo de Dos Hermanas - Seville Second Sunday. Festas de San Antón. Gastronomic Fiesta da Solla, Catoira First Friday; the Coso Blanco. Castro Urdiales. 4-6. A Rapa das Bestas of A Estrada. 4-12. Els Bous a la Mar. Dénia. Fiestas del Cordero. Lena. A Rapa das Bestas of Viveiro. 5-11. International Rafting of the River Noguera-Pallaresa. Sort. 10-12. Festival of the Cider of Nava. Nava. 11. Festas de San Benitiño de Lérez. Pontevedra. 12. Aplec de la Sardana. Olot. 12. Romería Regional de San Benito Abad. San Cristóbal de La Laguna. 16. Fiestas de la Virgen del Carmen. San Pedro del Pinatar. 19-22. Commemorates Fiestas to the Battle of Bailén. Bailén. 20-23. Tortosa Renaissance Festival..
22-23. Dance of the Stilts. Anguiano. 24. Festes Tradicionals de Santa Cristina. Lloret de Mar. 24-30. Fiestas Patronales de Santa Ana. Tudela. 25. Fiesta del Pastor. Cangas de Onís. 26. Fiesta de Los Vaqueiros d'Alzada. Luarca. 1-8. Fiestas of the Wine. Valdepeñas. 3-6. Fiestas of the Mutiny. Aranjuez. 3-8. Feria y Fiestas en Honor a María Santísima de la Sierra Cabra 4-9. Moros y Cristianos of Villena. Villena. 5-6. Fiestas del Santo Niño. Majaelrayo. 6 and 9. The Cascamorras. Baza and Guadix 6. Festes de la Beata. Santa Margalida. 6-10. Moros y Cristianos of Caudete. Caudete. 7-8. Festes de la Mare de Déu de la Salut. Algemesí. 7-8. Moros y Cristianos of L'Olleria. L'Olleria. Around day 8. Feria y Fiestas de Nuestra Señora de Consolación. Utrera. 8. Pilgrimage of Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles. Alájar. 8. Fiesta de la Virgen de La Guía. Llanes. 8. Fiesta de la Virgen Nuestra Señora de las Nieves. La Zarza 8. Fiestas de Nuestra Señora del Pino. Teror. 8-9. Festes de la Mare de Déu de l'Ermitana. Peñíscola. 9-12. International Festival of Folklore in the Mediterranean.
11-14. Pilgrimage of Virxe da Barca. Muxía. 12-15. Festa Major and Correbou. Cardona. 12-15. Fiestas Patronales de Graus in honor to Santo Cristo and San Vicente Ferrer. Graus. 13. Pilgrimage of Nuestra Señora de Chilla. Candeleda. 13. Pilgrimage to la Virgen de Gracia. San Lorenzo de El Escorial. 14. Bullfighting in the Sea. Candás. 15. Toro de la Vega. Tordesillas. 15-24. Festes de Santa Tecla. Tarragona17-23. Carthaginians and Romans. Cartagena. 17-21. Real Feria y Fiesta de la Vendimia. La Palma del Condado. 19. Day of America in Asturias. Oviedo. 20. Pilgrimage of Santísimo Cristo del Caloco. El Espinar. 18-20. Fiestas de San Mateo of Camarena de la Sierra. 20-26. Fiestas de San Mateo of Logroño. Logroño. 24. La Mercè. Barcelona. 27. Pilgrimage in Honor to the Saints Martyrs Cosmas and Damian. Mieres. 27. Day of Campoo. Reinosa. Festes de la Sagrada Família i el Santíssim Crist. La Vall d'Uixó. First weekend of October, Fiestas de Nuestra Señora de los Prado. Garganta de los Montes. 4-12. Festas de San Froilán, Lugo. 6-13. Festa of the Seafood.
O Grove. Around day 12. Fiestas del Pilar. Zaragoza 10-13. Moros y Cristianos of Callosa d'En Sarrià. Callosa d'En Sarrià. 17-19. As San Lucas. Mondoñedo. Third Sunday of October. Pilgrimage of Valme. Dos Hermanas. Fiesta de los Humanitarios de San Martín. Moreda de Aller. Feria de todos los santos. Cocentaina. Fiestas of International Tourist Interest of Spain BOE - Order of 29 September 1987 regulating the declarations of International and National Tourist Interest Effective through June 8, 2006. Local fiestas of National Tourist Interest of Spain Calendar in iCalendar format
San Cristóbal de La Laguna
San Cristóbal de La Laguna is a city and municipality in the northern part of the island of Tenerife in the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the Canary Islands. The city is the third-most populous city of the archipelago and the second-most populous city of the island. La Laguna's historical center was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1999. In 2003 the municipality started an ambitious Urban Plan to renew this area, carried out by the firm AUC S. L.. The city was the ancient capital of the Canary Islands. La Laguna lies right alongside the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, thus the two cities and municipalities form a single large urban center, linked by tram; the city is home to the University of La Laguna, home to 30,000 students. La Laguna is considered to be the cultural capital of the Canary Islands. There is in the habit of being calling the "Ciudad de los Adelantados", for having been the first university city of the archipelago, its economy is business-oriented. The urban area dominates the southern parts.
Tourism covers the northern coast. The main industry includes some manufacturing; the industrial area is made up of the main subdivisions of Majuelos, Las Torres de Taco, Las Mantecas and Las Chumberas. In this city one finds the legendary house of the spectre of Catalina Lercaro, as well as the incorrupt body of Sor María de Jesús, the Christ of La Laguna. Another emblematic building of the city is the Cathedral of La Laguna, the Catholic cathedral of Tenerife and its diocese. Other important historical figures of the city were Amaro Pargo, one of the famous corsairs of the Golden Age of Piracy, José de Anchieta, Catholic saint and missionary and founder of the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. In 2010, after a survey, La Laguna was listed as the city with the best reputation in the Canary Islands and the third provincial capital city of Spain with the best reputation, behind Gijon and Marbella. At first the place where the town was called "Aguere" by the aboriginal Guanches.
He founded the city as "Villa de San Cristóbal de La Gran Laguna". He established the San Cristóbal de La Laguna, today is known as "La Laguna"; the coat of arms was granted by Queen Joanna of Castile on 23 March 1510, as arms of the island of Tenerife. The town of La Laguna, being the capital of the island during the first times after the Conquest, adopted this emblem as its own, it features an island with a volcano spitting fire, on waves, between a castle and a lion, above the Archangel Saint Michael, holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other. In the border, the inscription Michael Arcangele Veni in Adjutorium Populo Dei Thenerife Me Fecit; these elements symbolize the incorporation of the island of Tenerife to the Crown of Castile and its evangelization under the patronage of Saint Michael. La Verdellada Viña Nava El Coromoto San Benito El Bronco La Cuesta Taco Tejina Valleguerra Bajamar Punta del Hidalgo Geneto Los Baldios Guamasa El Ortigal Las Mercedes El Batan Las Carboneras San Diego Las Gavias Owing to its northerly aspect that captures moisture from the prevailing northeasterly winds, San Cristóbal de La Laguna has a mediterranean climate that contrasts with the arid climate of other cities on the Canary Islands, with three to five times more rainfall than on the southern slopes, around ten percent less sunshine, about ten percent higher humidity throughout the year.
In spite of its elevation, the maritime and subtropical influences keep the temperature above frost at all times. The place where the city is built belonged to the Menceyato de Anaga, one of nine aboriginal Guanche kingdoms on the island until the Kingdom of Castile's conquest, it is known that the whole valley of Aguere and the large lake, in this place, was a place of pilgrimage for the aborigines of the island. The Battle of Aguere was fought here in 1494; the city was founded between 1496 and 1497 by Alonso Fernández de Lugo and was the capital of the island after the conclusion of the conquest of the islands. The city became the capital of all of the Canary Islands; the coastal area was raided by pirates. The University of La Laguna was founded in 1701; the layout of the city, its streets and its environment are elements shared with colonial cities in the Americas and Old Havana in Cuba, Lima in Peru, Cartagena de Indias in Colombia, or San Juan de Puerto Rico, among others. Since the urban plan of the city of La Laguna was the model for these Latin American cities.
A declining population and economy in the 18th century resulted in the transfer of the capital to Santa Cruz de Tenerife in 1723. Santa Cruz has since been the capital of the island of Tenerife and the sole capital of the Canary Islands until 1927, after which the capital of the archipelago has been shared with the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; the Tenerife North Airport at Los Rodeos was opened in the 1930s and is today expanding with low cost airlines using it. It was declared a World Heritage Site on 2 December 1999. Several streets of historical significance have been closed off to automobile traffic. La Laguna has been called the «Florence of the Canary Islands», this is due to its large number of churches and convents, as well as its old town and historic buildings. Due to the fact that the city was the cradle or seat of different art
Tenerife is the largest and most populated island of the seven Canary Islands. It is the most populated island of Spain, with a land area of 2,034.38 square kilometres and 904,713 inhabitants, 43 percent of the total population of the Canary Islands. Tenerife is the largest and most populous island of Macaronesia. Five million tourists visit Tenerife each year, the most visited island of the archipelago, it is one of the most important tourist destinations in the world. Tenerife hosts one of the world's largest carnivals and the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is working to be designated UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of the World. Tenerife is served by Tenerife-North Airport and Tenerife-South Airport. Tenerife is the economic capital of the Canary Islands; the capital of the island, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, is the seat of the island council. The city is capital of the autonomous community of Canary Islands, sharing governmental institutions such as presidency and ministries. Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927, Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands.
In 1927 the Crown ordered that the capital of the Canary Islands be shared, as it remains at present. Santa Cruz contains the modern Auditorio de Tenerife, the architectural symbol of the Canary Islands; the island is home to the University of La Laguna. The city of La Laguna is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is the second city most populated on the third in the archipelago. It was capital of the Canary Islands before Santa Cruz replaced it in 1833. Teide National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is located in the center of the island. In it, the Mount Teide rises as the highest elevation of Spain, the highest of the islands of the Atlantic Ocean, the third-largest volcano in the world from its base. On the island, the Macizo de Anaga has been a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve since 2015, it has the largest number of endemic species in Europe. The island's indigenous people, the Guanche Berbers, referred to the island as Achinet or Chenet in their language. According to Pliny the Younger, Berber king Juba II sent an expedition to the Canary Islands and Madeira.
Juba II and Ancient Romans referred to the island of Tenerife as Nivaria, derived from the Latin word nix, meaning snow, referring to the snow-covered peak of the Teide volcano. Maps dating to the 14th and 15th century, by mapmakers such as Bontier and Le Verrier, refer to the island as Isla del Infierno meaning "Island of Hell," referring to the volcanic activity and eruptions of Mount Teide; the Benahoaritas are said to have named the island, deriving it from the words ife. After colonisation, the Hispanisation of the name resulted in adding the letter "r" to unite both words, producing Tenerife. However, throughout history there have been other explanations to reveal the origin of the name of the island. For example, the 18th-century historians Juan Núñez de la Peña and Tomás Arias Marín de Cubas, among others, state that the island was named by natives for the legendary Guanche king, nicknamed "the Great." He ruled the entire island in the days before the conquest of the Canary Islands by Castilla.
The formal demonym used to refer to the people of Tenerife is Tinerfeño/a. In modern society, the latter term is applied only to inhabitants of the capital, Santa Cruz; the term "chicharrero" was once a derogatory term used by the people of La Laguna when it was the capital, to refer to the poorer inhabitants and fishermen of Santa Cruz. The fishermen caught mackerel and other residents ate potatoes, assumed to be of low quality by the elite of La Laguna; as Santa Cruz grew in commerce and status, it replaced La Laguna as capital of Tenerife in 1833 during the reign of Fernando VII. The inhabitants of Santa Cruz used the former insult to identify as residents of the new capital, at La Laguna's expense; the earliest known human settlement in the islands date to around 200 BC, by Berbers known as the Guanches. However, the Cave of the Guanches in the municipality of Icod de los Vinos in the north of Tenerife, has provided the oldest chronologies of the Canary Islands, with dates around the sixth century BC.
Regarding the technological level, the Guanches can be framed among the peoples of the Stone Age, although this terminology is rejected due to the ambiguity that it presents. The Guanche culture is characterized by an advanced cultural development related to the Berber cultural features imported from North Africa and a poor technological development, determined by the scarcity of raw materials minerals that allow the extraction of metals; the main activity was grazing, although the population were engaged in agriculture, as well as fishing and the collection of shellfish from the shore or using fishing craft. As for beliefs, the Guanche religion was polytheistic. Beside him there was an animistic religiosity that sacralized certain places rocks and mountains. Among the main Guanche gods could be highlighted. Singular was the cult to the dead, practi
The Canary Islands is a Spanish archipelago and the southernmost autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, 100 kilometres west of Morocco at the closest point. The Canary Islands, which are known informally as the Canaries, are among the outermost regions of the European Union proper, it is one of the eight regions with special consideration of historical nationality recognized as such by the Spanish Government. The Canary Islands belong to the African Plate like the Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla, the two on the African mainland; the seven main islands are Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro. The archipelago includes much smaller islands and islets: La Graciosa, Isla de Lobos, Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste and Roque del Este, it includes a series of adjacent roques. In ancient times, the island chain was referred to as "the Fortunate Isles"; the Canary Islands are the most southerly region of Spain and the largest and most populated archipelago of the Macaronesia region.
The Canary Islands have been considered a bridge between four continents: Africa, North America, South America and Europe. The archipelago's beaches and important natural attractions Maspalomas in Gran Canaria and Teide National Park and Mount Teide in Tenerife, make it a major tourist destination with over 12 million visitors per year Tenerife, Gran Canaria and Lanzarote; the islands have a subtropical climate, with moderately warm winters. The precipitation levels and the level of maritime moderation vary depending on location and elevation. Green areas as well as desert exist on the archipelago. Due to their location above the temperature inversion layer, the high mountains of these islands are ideal for astronomical observation. For this reason, two professional observatories, Teide Observatory on the island of Tenerife and Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma, have been built on the islands. In 1927, the Province of Canary Islands was split into two provinces; the autonomous community of the Canary Islands was established in 1982.
Its capital is shared by the cities of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, which in turn are the capitals of the provinces of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria has been the largest city in the Canaries since 1768, except for a brief period in the 1910s. Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927 Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands. In 1927 a decree ordered; the third largest city of the Canary Islands is San Cristóbal de La Laguna on Tenerife. This city is home to the Consejo Consultivo de Canarias, the supreme consultative body of the Canary Islands. During the time of the Spanish Empire, the Canaries were the main stopover for Spanish galleons on their way to the Americas, which came south to catch the prevailing northeasterly trade winds; the name Islas Canarias is derived from the Latin name Canariae Insulae, meaning "Islands of the Dogs", a name, applied only to Gran Canaria. According to the historian Pliny the Elder, the Mauretanian king Juba II named the island Canaria because it contained "vast multitudes of dogs of large size".
Alternatively, it is said that the original inhabitants of the island, used to worship dogs, mummified them and treated dogs as holy animals. The ancient Greeks knew about a people, living far to the west, who are the "dog-headed ones", who worshipped dogs on an island; some hypothesize that the Canary Islands dog-worship and the ancient Egyptian cult of the dog-headed god, Anubis are connected but there is no explanation given as to which one was first. Other theories speculate that the name comes from the Nukkari Berber tribe living in the Moroccan Atlas, named in Roman sources as Canarii, though Pliny again mentions the relation of this term with dogs; the connection to dogs is retained in their depiction on the islands' coat-of-arms. It is considered that the aborigines of Gran Canaria called themselves "Canarios", it is possible that after being conquered, this name was used in plural in Spanish, i.e. as to refer to all of the islands as the Canarii-as. What is certain is that the name of the islands does not derive from the canary bird.
Tenerife is the largest and most populous island of the archipelago. Gran Canaria, with 865,070 inhabitants, is both the Canary Islands' second most populous island, the third most populous one in Spain after Majorca; the island of Fuerteventura is the second largest in the archipelago and located 100 km from the African coast. The islands form the Macaronesia ecoregion with the Azores, Cape Verde and the Savage Isles; the Canary Islands is the largest and most populated archipelago of the Macaronesia region. The archipelago consists of seven large and several smaller islands, all of which are volcanic in origin. According to the position of the islands with respect to the north-east trade winds, the climate can be mild and wet or dry. Several native species form laurisilva forests; as a consequence, the individual islands in the Canary archipelago tend to have distinct microclimates. Those islands such as El Hierro, La Palma and La Gomera lying to the west of the archipelago have a climate, influenced by the m
A romería or romaria is a type of yearly, short distance Roman Catholic religious pilgrimage practiced in the Iberian Peninsula and countries colonized by Spain and Portugal. The term comes from romero/romeiro; the travelling can be done in cars, floats, on horseback or on foot, its destination is a sanctuary or hermitage consecrated to a religious figure honored in that day's feast. Besides attending religious services and processions, the pilgrims may engage in social events like singing and dancing. One of the most famous examples of a pilgrimage is that of Nuestra Señora del Rocío, in which the faithful move to the Sanctuary of the Virgen del Rocío in the village of the Rocío, in Almonte, Huelva; the Romeria of Sant John of the Mountain, celebrated in Miranda de Ebro, is the second most important romeria in Spain behind El Rocío with more than 25,000 romeros. Another one of the most representative examples is the Romería de la Virgen de la Cabeza, considered the oldest pilgrimages of Spain, consists of the displacement of the travellers coming from all over the country to the Sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza, through 33 km of Andújar, in the heart of Sierra de Andujar natural park.
This celebration is considered of national tourist interest. The Romería de la Virgin de Navahonda, celebrated in spring in the Madrilenian municipality of Robledo de Chavela is representative of this tradition. There are pilgrimages in the Canary Islands. An example is La Romería de Santiago Apostol, in Gáldar. Instead of focusing on Jesus, the floats praise the Virgin Mary with pictures and statues. In Mexico, pilgrims walk to the Our Lady of Zapopan, which this considered the third most important peregrination in the country, after the one of the Virgin of Guadalupe, the Virgin of San Juan de los Lagos; the Pilgrimage of the Virgin of Zapopan consists of a route 8 km in length, from the Guadalajara Cathedral to the Basilica of Our Lady of Zapopan. It is made every 12 October, figure of the virgin goes accompanied by more than 3,000,000 people. In Costa Rica, it is traditional to make a pilgrimage to Cartago on 2 August to make requests and give thanks to the Virgen de los Ángeles, nicknamed la Negrita due to the dark green color of the statue representing her.
People all over the country and other Central American countries participate on foot or horseback. In 2009, due to AH1N1 spreading risks, it was cancelled, but the statue was taken on a tour to cities instead. Romeria de El Rocío - Hda. de Las Americas de Nstra. Sra. del Rocío