Motor Sport (magazine)
Motor Sport is a monthly motor racing magazine, founded in the United Kingdom in 1924 as the Brooklands Gazette. The name was changed to Motor Sport for the August 1925 issue; the magazine covers motor sport in general, although from 1997 to 2006 its emphasis was historic motorsport. It remains one of the leading titles on both historic racing; the magazine's photo library is managed by LAT Images, which founded as Motor Sport photographic division by Wesley J. Tee in the 1960s and spun-off as a stand-alone affiliated company; the magazine's monthly podcasts have featured Christian Horner, Mario Andretti, Patrick Head, Sir Frank Williams, John McGuinness and Gordon Murray. In 1939 the magazine incorporated its rival Speed. 1936–1991: Bill Boddy. 2018—: Joe Dunn Harold Nockolds, Continental Correspondent. He filled the role by remaining in London and translating articles from overseas newspapers. Denis Jenkinson, Continental Correspondent. Known as'Jenks' or by his initials DSJ, Jenkinson travelled to all the Grands Prix to cover them for the magazine.
His race reports were the only way that many readers could keep up with Grand Prix racing due to the lack of coverage elsewhere. Jenks was himself a talented racing driver. In competition he is best known for success as a passenger in sidecar racing, as navigator for Stirling Moss in the 1955 Mille Miglia, which they won. Mark Hughes, Grand Prix Editor Lucas di Grassi, Dario Franchitti, Sébastien Buemi and 2013 BTCC Champion Andrew Jordan write for the website on a monthly basis alongside staff writers Simon Arron, Damien Smith, Paul Fearnley, Gordon Kirby, Andrew Frankel, Rob Widdows, Mat Oxley, Samarth Kanal. 1924— Radclyffe’s, Technical Publishers, 65 Victoria Street, London S. W.1 1936— Wesley J. Tee 1997— Haymarket 2006— Chelsea Magazines 2009— Motor Sport Magazine Limited Official website
ARCA Menards Series
The ARCA Menards Series is an American stock car series, the premier division of the Automobile Racing Club of America. It is considered a minor but professional league of stock car racing, used as a feeder series into the three national touring series of NASCAR, hosts events at a variety of track types including superspeedways, road courses, dirt tracks; the series has a longstanding relationship with NASCAR, including using former Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series cars, hosting events in the same race weekend such as Daytona Speedweeks, naming an award after NASCAR founder Bill France, Sr. The series was not affiliated with NASCAR until its buyout on April 27, 2018; the series was known as the ARCA Permatex SuperCar Series from 1986 until 1991, the ARCA Hooters SuperCar Series from 1993 until 1995, as the ARCA Bondo/Mar-Hyde Series from 1996 to 2000. The series was sponsored by real estate company RE/MAX as the ARCA RE/MAX Series from 2001 until 2009. Midwest-based home improvement company Menards began sponsoring the series in 2010 jointly with RE/MAX, became the lone presenting sponsor in 2011, from until February 2019 the series was known as the ARCA Racing Series presented by Menards.
The series was founded in Toledo, Ohio in 1953 as the Midwest Association for Race Cars, a local touring group in the Midwestern United States. The series was founded by John Marcum, a friend and former competitor of Bill France, Sr. and former NASCAR employee, who created MARC as a northern counterpart to the southern-based NASCAR. Early drivers included Nelson Stacy; the series became a part of Daytona Speedweeks in 1964 at the request of Bill France, allowing the series to open its season alongside the Daytona 500. The same year, the series name was changed from MARC to the current ARCA as a suggestion from France to give the series more national exposure; the series races on a variety of tracks from small ovals to superspeedways such as Daytona International Speedway. It is one of the last major oval track circuits to still compete on dirt tracks. In 2008 the series returned to racing on a road course; the series is headed by Marcum's grandson, Ron Drager. Due to the similarity between the cars and racetracks of the two series, the ARCA Racing Series is used to develop young drivers looking to break into the top three series of NASCAR.
The series has spawned such drivers as Benny Parsons, Ken Schrader and Kyle Petty, helped more recent Monster Energy Cup Series drivers Kyle Busch, Justin Allgaier, Casey Mears, Sam Hornish, Jr. get acclimated to stock cars. Young drivers will race in the series opener at Daytona International Speedway to gain NASCAR approval to run at superspeedways in the Truck or Xfinity Series. Other drivers, such as 10-time champion Frank Kimmel and 9-time race winner Bobby Gerhart remain in the series as opposed to pursuing a full-time career in NASCAR. NASCAR regulars, notably Ken Schrader, are known to frequent the series as well; the general minimum age for drivers is 18. However, drivers as young as 17 may be approved to drive on speedway tracks, drivers as young as 15 years can be permitted to drive at courses less than one mile in length and road courses; this is one year younger. After the 2015 season, ARCA ended its 30-year relationship with the Hoosier Racing Tire company, with General Tire replacing Hoosier.
On April 27, 2018 it was announced that the National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing had bought out the Automobile Racing Club of America. The 2018 and 2019 seasons will continue as planned, with undetermined changes coming in the 2020 racing season. Starting with the 2019 season, every race was televised live for the first time in series history, doing so on Fox Sports 1, Fox Sports 2, MAVTV; the series is known for using veteran steel-bodied Generation 4 cars from the NASCAR Monster Energy Cup Series, running cars until they are several years old and after a model's discontinuation in the Cup Series. For example, Bobby Gerhart's winning Daytona car in 1999 used a chassis built by Hendrick Motorsports in 1989. Following the transition of the Cup and Xfinity Series to the Car of Tomorrow in 2007 and 2010 the ARCA Series continued to use the 2007-style models of the Chevrolet Monte Carlo SS, Ford Fusion, Toyota Camry, Dodge Charger; the carbureted V8 engines used by the series are built under similar specifications to their NASCAR counterparts, purchased from NASCAR teams.
In spite of the similarities, ARCA racing is much more affordable than its more popular counterpart, with car owner Larry Clement estimating the required budget to run an ARCA car as "10 percent of what a NASCAR Winston Cup budget is." On August 1, 2014, ARCA president Ron Drager announced a new engine package option for the 2015 season, in addition to the current open motor rules package. The package is called the ARCA Ilmor 396 engine, alternately known as the ARCA Control Engine. Developed by Ilmor, which has developed engines for the IndyCar Series, the engine is a "purpose-built powerplant" using Holley electronic fuel injection and based on the Chevrolet LS engine family, able to deliver 700 horsepower and 500 ft. pounds of torque. The engine costs $35,000 to build and $15,000 to be re-built, allows teams to use the same engine at all track types for up to 1500 miles between re-builds; the Ilmor engine debuted during testing at Daytona International Speedway in December 2014, with Sean Corr's Ilmor-powered #48 Ford topping the speed charts at 188.478 mph.
United States Army
The United States Army is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution; as the oldest and most senior branch of the U. S. military in order of precedence, the modern U. S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, formed to fight the American Revolutionary War —before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army; the United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775. As a uniformed military service, the U. S. Army is part of the Department of the Army, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense; the U. S. Army is headed by a civilian senior appointed civil servant, the Secretary of the Army and by a chief military officer, the Chief of Staff of the Army, a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
It is the largest military branch, in the fiscal year 2017, the projected end strength for the Regular Army was 476,000 soldiers. S. Army was 1,018,000 soldiers; as a branch of the armed forces, the mission of the U. S. Army is "to fight and win our Nation's wars, by providing prompt, land dominance, across the full range of military operations and the spectrum of conflict, in support of combatant commanders"; the branch participates in conflicts worldwide and is the major ground-based offensive and defensive force of the United States. The United States Army serves as the land-based branch of the U. S. Armed Forces. Section 3062 of Title 10, U. S. Code defines the purpose of the army as: Preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions and any areas occupied by the United States Supporting the national policies Implementing the national objectives Overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United StatesIn 2018, the Army Strategy 2018 articulated an eight-point addendum to the Army Vision for 2028.
While the Army Mission remains constant, the Army Strategy builds upon the Army's Brigade Modernization by adding focus to Corps and Division-level echelons. Modernization, reform for high-intensity conflict, Joint multi-domain operations are added to the strategy, to be completed by 2028; the Continental Army was created on 14 June 1775 by the Second Continental Congress as a unified army for the colonies to fight Great Britain, with George Washington appointed as its commander. The army was led by men who had served in the British Army or colonial militias and who brought much of British military heritage with them; as the Revolutionary War progressed, French aid and military thinking helped shape the new army. A number of European soldiers came on their own to help, such as Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, who taught Prussian Army tactics and organizational skills; the army fought numerous pitched battles and in the South in 1780–1781, at times using the Fabian strategy and hit-and-run tactics, under the leadership of Major General Nathanael Greene, hit where the British were weakest to wear down their forces.
Washington led victories against the British at Trenton and Princeton, but lost a series of battles in the New York and New Jersey campaign in 1776 and the Philadelphia campaign in 1777. With a decisive victory at Yorktown and the help of the French, the Continental Army prevailed against the British. After the war, the Continental Army was given land certificates and disbanded in a reflection of the republican distrust of standing armies. State militias became the new nation's sole ground army, with the exception of a regiment to guard the Western Frontier and one battery of artillery guarding West Point's arsenal. However, because of continuing conflict with Native Americans, it was soon realized that it was necessary to field a trained standing army; the Regular Army was at first small and after General St. Clair's defeat at the Battle of the Wabash, the Regular Army was reorganized as the Legion of the United States, established in 1791 and renamed the United States Army in 1796; the War of 1812, the second and last war between the United States and Great Britain, had mixed results.
The U. S. Army did not conquer Canada but it did destroy Native American resistance to expansion in the Old Northwest and it validated its independence by stopping two major British invasions in 1814 and 1815. After taking control of Lake Erie in 1813, the U. S. Army seized parts of western Upper Canada, burned York and defeated Tecumseh, which caused his Western Confederacy to collapse. Following U. S. victories in the Canadian province of Upper Canada, British troops who had dubbed the U. S. Army "Regulars, by God!", were able to capture and burn Washington, defended by militia, in 1814. The regular army, however proved they were professional and capable of defeating the British army during the invasions of Plattsburgh and Baltimore, prompting British agreement on the rejected terms of a status quo ante bellum. Two weeks after a treaty was signed, Andrew Jackson defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans and Siege of Fort St. Philip, became a national hero. U. S. troops and sailors captured HMS Cyane and Penguin in the final engagements of the war.
Per the treaty, both sides (the United S
Soddy-Daisy is a city in Hamilton County, United States. The population was 12,714 at the 2010 census and estimated to be 13,217 in 2016; the city was formed in 1969 when the communities of Soddy and Daisy, along with nearby developed areas along U. S. Highway 27, merged to form Soddy-Daisy, it is becoming a bedroom community of nearby Chattanooga and is part of the Chattanooga Metropolitan Statistical Area. Sequoyah Nuclear Generating Station is located in Soddy-Daisy. Soddy-Daisy is an incorporated city, comprising the Tennessee cities Daisy, it has been noted on lists of unusual place names. Soddy-Daisy was home to Poe's Tavern; the tavern, built in 1819, was the home of Soddy-Daisy resident Hasten Poe. In 1838, the tavern served as a way station for 1,900 Cherokees. During the Civil War, Poe's Tavern served as a hospital for Confederate troops. Though the original Poe's Tavern was torn down in 1911, the city of Soddy Daisy has reconstructed a replica of the building a block away from the original site.
There are two popular stories about. The first is that the word "Soddy" is an anglicization of Tsati, a shorter form of the Cherokee word ᎠᏂ ᎫᏌᏘ Ᏹ, referring to the Muskogean Koasati people who lived there in the 18th century prior to Cherokee migration to the area after 1776; the second theory is. Others claim that Soddy's name is a reference to Soddy Creek, believed to have originated from the word Cherokee word Sauta, derived from Echota. Soddy was a small town until the Soddy Coal Company began mining in 1867. Daisy is rumored to have taken its name from the daughter of Thomas Parks. Thomas Parks was Vice-President of the Tabler-Cleudup Coal & Coke Company, founded the Daisy Coal Company in April 1881; the two cities incorporated in April 1969 along a 9 miles stretch of U. S. 27. Soddy-Daisy is located in north-central Hamilton County at 35°15′31″N 85°10′37″W, its southwestern end is bordered by the city of Chattanooga. Unincorporated communities that border Soddy-Daisy are Middle Valley to the south, Falling Water to the southwest, Mowbray Mountain to the west and Flat Top Mountain to the northwest.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.4 square miles, of which 22.6 square miles are land and 0.81 square miles, or 3.51%, are water. The city is situated at the base of the Cumberland Escarpment, the east face of Walden Ridge, part of the Cumberland Plateau. An inlet of Chickamauga Lake lies to the east. U. S. Route 27 is the city's main highway, connecting it with Chattanooga 16 miles to the south and Dayton 22 miles to the northeast. State Route 111, which crosses Walden Ridge and leads 17 miles northwest to Dunlap, intersects US-27 in the northern part of the city; as of the census of 2000, there were 11,530 people, 4,511 households, 3,392 families residing in the city. The population density was 500.6 people per square mile. There were 4,809 housing units at an average density of 208.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.15% White, 0.60% African American, 0.24% American Indian, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 0.63% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. There were 4,511 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.8% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,163, the median income for a family was $41,394. Males had a median income of $32,073 versus $23,147 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,889. About 6.5% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
The city commissioners are Gene Shipley, Patti Skates, Robert Couthran, Jim Adams, Rick Nunley. The City Manager is Janice Cagle and the Finance Director and Recorder is Burt Johnson; the Public Works Director is Steve Grant. The Fire Chief is Mike Guffey and the Police Chief is Phillip Hamrick; the city judge is Marty Lasley. Soddy-Daisy has six schools: Allen Elementary Daisy Elementary Soddy Elementary Ivy Academy Soddy-Daisy Middle Sequoyah High School Soddy-Daisy High School Soddy-Daisy has one local radio station licensed to its community, WGOW-FM. Joe Chaney, darts player Ron Cox, current ARCA Racing Series driver/crew member Bryan Harvey, former Major League Baseball relief pitcher Ralph McGill, journalist Stefanie Wittler, Miss Tennessee 2009 City of Soddy-Daisy official website