Vincent Joseph Boryla was an American basketball player and executive. His nickname was "Moose", he graduated from East Chicago Washington High School in 1944. He played basketball at the University of Notre Dame and the University of Denver, where he was named a consensus All-American in 1949. Boryla was part of the U. S team that won the gold medal at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Boryla played for the New York Knicks in the early 1950s. In 1951, Boryla scored nine points in the inaugural NBA All-Star Game and played in the NBA Finals in 1951 and 1953. Boryla did not participate in the 1952 playoffs, he became the Knicks' coach from 1956 to 1958, had an 80-85 record with them. In his career, Boryla became the general manager of the American Basketball Association's Denver Nuggets early in their history when they were first the Kansas City ABA team and the Denver Larks, he was the general manager of the ABA's Utah Stars. Boryla rejoined the Nuggets when the franchise joined the NBA, he won the NBA Executive of the Year Award with the Nuggets in 1984.
Boryla was inducted into the Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame, in 1984 into the National Polish-American Hall of Fame. Boryla died in Denver, Colorado on March 27, 2016 from complications of pneumonia, aged 89. Career statistics and player information from Basketball-Reference.com Vince Boryla Statistics at Basketball-Reference.com National Polish-American Sports HOF profile
Alex John Groza was an American professional basketball player from Martins Ferry, Ohio, banned from the National Basketball Association for life in 1951 for point shaving. This scandal was the CCNY point shaving scandal, he had an outstanding college career at the University of Kentucky and was a two-time All-NBA player for the Indianapolis Olympians before his career came to an abrupt end. Groza grew up in Martins Ferry and attended Martins Ferry High School, he was the brother of future Pro Football Hall-of-Famer Lou Groza. Alex Groza led the Purple Riders to two undefeated regular seasons and to the Ohio state tournament both years, as Martins Ferry finished 24-1 in 1943 and 26-1 in 1944. In 1944, he scored 628 points, including 41 in one game, was named first-team All-Ohio. Groza was the captain and center of the "Fabulous Five" that won the 1948 and 1949 NCAA Men's Basketball Championships, as well as the leading scorer on the gold medal-winning 1948 US Olympic basketball team. Groza was three-time All-American and All-SEC, two-time NCAA Final Four Most Outstanding Player.
Groza was drafted in the 1st round of the 1949 NBA Draft by the Indianapolis Olympians. Groza was named NBA Rookie of the Year; because the award was selected by newspaper writers at the time, the NBA does not recognize Groza having won the award. He averaged 22.5 points per game over two seasons before being implicated along with college teammates Ralph Beard and Dale Barnstable in a point shaving scandal during the 1948–49 season at Kentucky. NBA president Maurice Podoloff banned all of the implicated players from the league for life; as a result of this ban, Groza became the first player in NBA history to end his career with a season in which he averaged at least 20 points per game. In NBA history, only three players have had higher scoring averages in their final NBA seasons: Bob Pettit, Paul Arizin, Dražen Petrović. After his playing career ended, Groza became the coach of Bellarmine College in Louisville, Kentucky. In 1963, Groza led the Knights to a Kentucky Intercolliegiate Athletic Conference title and was named KIAC coach of the year.
Groza left Bellarmine in 1966 for a brief coaching and managerial career in the American Basketball Association. Between 1971 and 1975, Groza coached 40 games with the Kentucky Colonels and San Diego Conquistadors and held a number of front office positions, including becoming the Kentucky Colonels' business manager in 1969 and general manager of the San Diego Conquistadors in 1972. Groza was 2-0 as coach of the Colonels but 15-23 as coach of the Conquistadors, putting his career coaching record at 17-23. Groza served as general manager of the San Diego Conquistadors beginning in 1972 until taking over as the team's coach in 1974, replacing Wilt Chamberlain. In 1975 Groza became director of player development for the San Diego Sails of the ABA. After the team moved to Houston, Groza remained in San Diego, working as a sales manager for Reynolds International until his death. Alex Groza died of cancer in 1995 at age 68, he was survived by his wife of 42 years, Jean Groza, two sons, two daughters, two grandchildren.
Groza led the league in field goal percentage in 1950. Alex Groza was the brother of football Hall of Famer Lou Groza. Groza's nickname was "The Beak". Alex Groza Info Page at NBA.com Alex Groza Player Statistics at Basketball-Reference.com Alex Groza Coach Statistics at Basketball-Reference.com Alex Groza – UK Career Statistics and Biography "Alex Groza, Basketball Star For Kentucky, Is Dead at 68", The New York Times, January 23, 1995 "Alex Groza". Find a Grave. Retrieved September 3, 2010
NBA territorial pick
A territorial pick was a type of special draft choice used in the Basketball Association of America draft in 1949 and in the National Basketball Association draft after the 1950 season, the year in which the BAA was renamed the NBA. In the draft, NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U. S. college basketball players. Territorial picks were eliminated when the draft system was revamped in 1966. In the first 20 years of the BAA/NBA, the league was still trying to gain the support of fans who lived in or near the teams' home markets. To achieve this, the league introduced the territorial pick rule to help teams acquire popular players from colleges in their area who would have strong local support. Before the draft, a team could forfeit its first-round draft pick and select any player from within a 50-mile radius of its home arena. Although the territorial picks were selected before the draft, these picks were not factored into the overall selection count of the draft. Of the 23 territorial picks, 12 players have been inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
Tom Heinsohn, Wilt Chamberlain, Oscar Robertson and Jerry Lucas are the only four territorial picks who won the Rookie of the Year Award. Chamberlain won the Most Valuable Player Award in his rookie season, he went on to win the Most Valuable Player Award three more times in his career. Oscar Robertson is the only other territorial pick; the Philadelphia Warriors had the most territorial picks, having selected six who attended a total of five colleges. The University of Cincinnati had the most players taken as a territorial pick; the 1965 NBA draft, the last draft in which the rule remained in effect, had the most territorial picks in a single draft with three. The 1953 draft had three territorial picks. No territorial pick was selected in the 1957 and 1961 drafts. KHL territorial pick NBA.com: NBA Draft History
Ed Sadowski (basketball)
Edward Anthony Sadowski was an American professional basketball player. Sadowski was born in Ohio, he was part of a large family, with three sisters. He starred at Seton Hall University during early 1940s. A 6 ft 5 in center, he led Seton Hall to its only undefeated season. Sadowski played professionally in the National Basketball League, the Basketball Association of America, the National Basketball Association; as a member of the Boston Celtics in 1947–48, Sadowski ranked third in the BAA in points per game and was named to the All-BAA first team, made him the first Boston Celtics player to be named to the All-BAA/NBA Team. Retiring from basketball in 1950, he worked in labor relations for the Cities Service Oil Company. Sadowski and his wife, had two sons and Bill. Sadowski died of cancer at age 73 in his Wall Township, New Jersey home in 1990. Career statistics
Robert Albert Kurland was a 7 feet American basketball center, who played for the two-time NCAA champion Oklahoma A&M Aggies basketball team. He led the U. S. basketball team to gold medals in two Summer Olympics, led his AAU team to three national titles. He is a member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Kurland was born in Missouri to Albert and Adele Kurland, he graduated from Jennings High School in Jennings, where he participated in basketball and track. Kurland, a Missouri native, considered attending the University of Missouri, but when Oklahoma A&M played a game at Saint Louis University, A&M coach Henry Iba invited Kurland to dinner and offered him a scholarship. Missouri could only offer Kurland a job. Many of Kurland's family members had not finished high school, Kurland was the first in his family to attend college at any level. Kurland was an integral part of the team's consecutive NCAA titles in 1945 and 1946, was named the NCAA Basketball Tournament Most Outstanding Player both times.
In the 1945–46 season, he scored a then-season record 643 points, including 58 in a game against Saint Louis University, which featured 6 ft 8 in freshman Ed Macauley. Kurland was voted Helms Foundation College Basketball Player of the Year. Kurland was known to leap above the rim to grab opponents' shots; this led to the NCAA banning defensive goaltending in 1945. Kurland was the first person to dunk during games; the rivalry between him and De Paul's George Mikan would foreshadow similar matchups those of basketball's "big men." In college, Kurland was active in many campus activities, including the student council, for which he served as president in 1945 and 1946. He graduated with a bachelor of science in education. Kurland never played professional basketball, passing up the newly formed Basketball Association of America and National Basketball League, to play for Phillips Petroleum's A. A. U. team, the Oilers. Kurland played for six years with Phillips. Since Kurland never played professionally, he was eligible as an amateur for the Olympic Games.
In the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, England, he led the U. S. basketball team to the gold medal. He was second on the team in scoring as the U. S. defeated France in the gold medal game, 65–21. In the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki, Kurland carried the U. S. flag in the opening ceremony. He was again a dominant force at center as the U. S. defeated the Soviet Union in the gold medal game, 36–25. Kurland received post-graduate management training at Stanford University, he became a salesman for Phillips Petroleum Company, where he played AAU basketball, served as a senior marketing executive. He held a variety of positions, including ones responsible for the development of the self-service gas station concept, growth of the agricultural and plastics divisions, management of marketing initiatives, his corporate responsibilities took his family to Denver, Memphis and Atlanta. The family returned to the home of Phillips Petroleum, Oklahoma, where Kurland served as vice mayor and as a member of the city commission for several years.
He retired from Phillips in 1985. Kurland was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1961. In 1996, he was inducted into the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame. After retirement and his wife, divided time between their homes in Bartlesville and Sanibel Island, Florida. Kurland died at his Florida home on September 29, 2013, at age 88, he was survived by his wife of 62 years, their four children Alex, Ross and Barbara, seven grandchildren. List of Oklahoma State University Olympians National Polish-American Sports HOF profile Voices of Oklahoma interview with Bob Kurland. First person interview conducted on January 2011, with Bob Kurland. Original audio and transcript archived with Voices of Oklahoma oral history project
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
Arild Verner Agerskov Mikkelsen was an American professional basketball player. He was one of the National Basketball Association's first power forwards in the 1950s and was known for his tenacious defense. Mikkelsen was born in Parlier and was raised in the Danish-American community of Askov, Minnesota, his father, was an immigrant from Denmark who became a Lutheran pastor in Askov. Mikkelsen entered Hamline University in Saint Paul, Minnesota on a basketball scholarship at the age of 16. In his senior year, Mikkelsen led NCAA Division II in field goal percentage. Hamline won the 1949 NAIA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament and Mikkelsen was voted an All-American, he would receive a master's degree in psychology from the University of Minnesota. Mikkelsen played with Jim Pollard in the frontcourt of the Minneapolis Lakers; the Lakers won four NBA titles during Mikkelsen's career. Mikkelsen played in six NBA All-Star Games and was named to the All-NBA Second Team four times in his career. Mikkelsen ended his career after ten seasons in the NBA in 1959, having played in 699 of a possible 704 regular season games.
He led the NBA in both personal fouls and disqualifications for three straight seasons during his career, finished his career with 10,063 points scored. Mikkelsen still holds the league record for career disqualifications with 127, which he did in only 631 games—disqualifications were not recorded in the NBA until his second season. In 1956, Mikkelsen was inducted into the NAIA Basketball Hall of Fame. Mikkelsen was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1995 along with Laker coach John Kundla. In 2002, during halftime of a Lakers/Timberwolves game and fellow Hall of Fame teammates George Mikan, Slater Martin, Arlee Pollard, Clyde Lovellette and Coach John Kundla were each presented with championship rings; the Minneapolis players received the same rings provided by the NBA to the champion Los Angeles Lakers that same year. Mikkelsen coached and was general manager of the Minnesota Pipers of the American Basketball Association. Mikkelsen's wife Jean died in 2002 after 47 years of marriage.
Their two sons are named John. In 2006 a biography was published by John Egan titled The Vern Mikkelsen Story. Mikkelsen died on November 2013 in Wayzata, Minnesota surrounded by his family. Vern Mikkelsen on IMDb Vern Mikkelsen profile @ LakersWeb.com Vern Mikkelsen career stats at Basketball-Reference.com