Rooks County, Kansas

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Rooks County, Kansas
County
Rooks County, Kansas courthouse from NE 1.JPG
Rooks County courthouse in Stockton
Map of Kansas highlighting Rooks County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for John C. Rooks
Seat Stockton
Largest city Plainville
Area
 • Total 895 sq mi (2,318 km2)
 • Land 891 sq mi (2,308 km2)
 • Water 4.6 sq mi (12 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 5,076
 • Density 5.8/sq mi (2.2/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website RooksCounty.net

Rooks County (standard abbreviation: RO) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 5,181.[1] The county seat is Stockton,[2] and the largest city is Plainville. The county was named for Private John C. Rooks of the 11th Kansas Infantry who died at the Battle of Prairie Grove near Fayetteville, Arkansas, during the Civil War.[3]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Rooks County was established.

In 1881, the first county courthouse was built in Stockton. The county jail was built nearby from cottonwood logs strengthened by tons of iron.[4]

20th century[edit]

In 1923, a new courthouse opened in Stockton. The Rooks County Courthouse was added to the National Register of Historical Places in 2002.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 895 square miles (2,320 km2), of which 891 square miles (2,310 km2) is land and 4.6 square miles (12 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18808,112
18908,018−1.2%
19007,960−0.7%
191011,28241.7%
19209,966−11.7%
19309,534−4.3%
19408,497−10.9%
19509,0436.4%
19609,7347.6%
19707,628−21.6%
19807,006−8.2%
19906,039−13.8%
20005,685−5.9%
20105,181−8.9%
Est. 20165,076[6]−2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2016[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 5,685 people, 2,362 households, and 1,556 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,758 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.13% White, 1.13% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,362 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.10% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 21.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,457, and the median income for a family was $36,931. Males had a median income of $26,794 versus $18,389 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,588. About 7.30% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.70% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 84.0% 2,031 11.4% 275 4.7% 113
2012 82.9% 2,038 14.7% 361 2.5% 61
2008 79.9% 2,068 18.1% 468 2.0% 52
2004 78.3% 2,121 19.7% 534 2.0% 55
2000 72.7% 2,016 21.5% 597 5.8% 162
1996 66.9% 1,864 23.3% 650 9.8% 273
1992 40.4% 1,249 25.0% 771 34.6% 1,070
1988 64.5% 1,938 33.7% 1,012 1.9% 57
1984 77.8% 2,604 20.9% 699 1.4% 46
1980 71.4% 2,275 22.8% 725 5.9% 187
1976 53.0% 1,664 45.0% 1,412 1.9% 61
1972 71.7% 2,457 26.4% 904 1.9% 64
1968 63.0% 2,252 28.3% 1,012 8.7% 310
1964 50.6% 1,985 49.0% 1,923 0.4% 16
1960 63.3% 2,840 36.5% 1,639 0.2% 11
1956 70.9% 3,059 28.7% 1,238 0.4% 19
1952 74.3% 3,331 24.7% 1,105 1.0% 46
1948 56.6% 2,197 42.1% 1,636 1.3% 49
1944 66.5% 2,361 32.9% 1,166 0.6% 22
1940 60.6% 2,590 38.6% 1,650 0.8% 33
1936 49.0% 2,150 51.0% 2,235 0.0% 0
1932 46.4% 2,005 51.6% 2,229 2.0% 88
1928 70.7% 2,583 28.6% 1,044 0.7% 25
1924 66.0% 2,442 25.1% 930 8.8% 327
1920 69.9% 2,143 27.5% 843 2.6% 78
1916 38.3% 1,621 56.5% 2,394 5.2% 219
1912 24.1% 545 38.3% 865 37.6% 848
1908 53.1% 1,280 41.6% 1,003 5.2% 126
1904 64.5% 1,266 25.2% 495 10.3% 203
1900 49.3% 927 49.2% 925 1.5% 29
1896 45.1% 817 53.6% 971 1.3% 24
1892 47.9% 811 52.1% 881
1888 58.3% 1,112 21.6% 412 20.1% 383

Rooks County is overwhelmingly Republican. No Democratic Presidential candidate has won Rooks County since Franklin D. Roosevelt – ironically against Kansan Alf Landon – carried the county by eighty-five votes in 1936. The last Democrat to exceed a quarter of the county’s vote was Michael Dukakis in 1988 during a major drought on the Great Plains.

Laws[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2000, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[13]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Rooks County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Rooks County is divided into twelve townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Township 1 71203 280 1 (3) 276 (107) 1 (0) 0.23% 39°27′6″N 99°6′8″W / 39.45167°N 99.10222°W / 39.45167; -99.10222
Township 2 71207 382 1 (4) 278 (107) 1 (0) 0.25% 39°26′33″N 99°13′22″W / 39.44250°N 99.22278°W / 39.44250; -99.22278
Township 3 71211 Stockton 1,489 8 (21) 184 (71) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°27′13″N 99°17′35″W / 39.45361°N 99.29306°W / 39.45361; -99.29306
Township 4 71215 27 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 39°21′11″N 99°18′36″W / 39.35306°N 99.31000°W / 39.35306; -99.31000
Township 5 71219 74 0 (1) 276 (107) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°30′10″N 99°30′0″W / 39.50278°N 99.50000°W / 39.50278; -99.50000
Township 6 71224 60 0 (1) 173 (67) 13 (5) 7.13% 39°24′44″N 99°26′24″W / 39.41222°N 99.44000°W / 39.41222; -99.44000
Township 7 71229 218 2 (6) 91 (35) 1 (0) 0.93% 39°20′37″N 99°33′24″W / 39.34361°N 99.55667°W / 39.34361; -99.55667
Township 8 71234 344 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°15′20″N 99°33′33″W / 39.25556°N 99.55917°W / 39.25556; -99.55917
Township 9 71239 51 1 (1) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°10′31″N 99°32′20″W / 39.17528°N 99.53889°W / 39.17528; -99.53889
Township 10 71243 197 1 (3) 187 (72) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°14′5″N 99°26′0″W / 39.23472°N 99.43333°W / 39.23472; -99.43333
Township 11 71246 Plainville 2,380 9 (22) 279 (108) 1 (0) 0.44% 39°14′13″N 99°17′39″W / 39.23694°N 99.29417°W / 39.23694; -99.29417
Township 12 71249 183 1 (2) 277 (107) 1 (0) 0.24% 39°12′56″N 99°9′10″W / 39.21556°N 99.15278°W / 39.21556; -99.15278

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Kansas Place-Names,John Rydjord, University of Oklahoma Press, 1972, ISBN 0-8061-0994-7
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Chicago: Standard Publishing Company. p. 605. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 39°21′N 99°19′W / 39.350°N 99.317°W / 39.350; -99.317