"Roots Radicals" is a song by the American punk rock band Rancid. It was first released as a single in 1994; the song was re-recorded and released as the first single from its third album... And Out Come the Wolves; the song reached number 27 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks. The b-side, "I Wanna Riot" was featured on the Epitaph Records compilation Punk-O-Rama Vol. 1, a different and longer version of "I Wanna Riot" with the Stubborn All-Stars was featured on the Beavis and Butt-head Do America Soundtrack. "Roots Radicals" - 2:47 "I Wanna Riot" - 3:06 The song is a tribute to Roots reggae, a subgenre of reggae music known for political radicalism. The band is acknowledging that "the roots, the reggae on my stereo" to which the band listened during their teenage years influenced their work; the title lyric and the line "you know I'm a radical," refer to the Jimmy Cliff song "Roots Radical", which features the chorus, "I'm a radical, I'm a roots radical". One of the repeated verses references one of the most successful roots musicians.
The song draws inspiration from Bunny Wailer's "Roots, Radics and Reggae" and Stiff Little Fingers version of that song, "Roots, Radicals and Reggae". The "60 bus", mentioned in the beginning of the song, refers to a transit route that runs north from downtown Campbell, California along Winchester Boulevard to Santa Clara; the "43 bus," referenced in the song, is the defunct AC Transit 43 line which ran from El Cerrito Plaza, through Albany and Oakland to the Eastmont section of Oakland. A line from "Roots Radicals" provided the name for Give'Em the Boot, a series of Hellcat Records compilations albums
Israel Vibration are a reggae harmony group, originating from Kingston, Jamaica. Lascelle "Wiss" Bulgin, Albert "Apple Gabriel" Craig, Cecil "Skelly" Spence all overcame childhood polio, went on to be one of the most successful roots groups to form in Jamaica in the 1970s; the trio met as children at a rehabilitation center. Bulgin and Spence first met as children at the Mona Rehabilitation Clinic, all sufferers of polio in the epidemic that spread through Jamaica in the 1950s, but it was several years that they formed Israel Vibration. Craig ran away at the age of fourteen, living on the streets. Spence was a member of the band Hot Lickers, appearing on Jamaican television with the group at the age of twelve, he played in the Jamaican wheelchair basketball team, but was forced out in 1969 after adopting the Rastafarian faith, something which the three had in common when they were reunited. Spence and Craig got together in Kingston and sought out Bulgin, who at the time was working as a tailor.
They formed a vocal group adopting the name Israel Vibration Israel Vibrates, soon becoming Israel Vibration. They survived on money earned singing in the streets for several years, in 1975 attempted to launch a recording career at Channel One Studios, but the track they recorded there was not released. Funding for their first album came in the form of a grant from the Twelve Tribes of Israel branch of Rastafarai after Hugh Booth, a member of the Twelve Tribes, had overheard the three men singing in a wooded area outside Kingston. Apple and Wiss were living in the area. Recorded at the Treasure Isle studio in 1976, their debut release was the single "Why Worry", released on the Twelve Tribes label late that year; the single was successful enough for the group to be offered support slots at shows by artists such as Dennis Brown, Inner Circle, Bob Marley. They began working with producer Tommy Cowan, releasing "The Same Song" on his Top Ranking label in 1977, an album of the same name followed in 1978.
The album, its dub counterpart, Israel Tafari were a success internationally, leading to a deal with EMI label Harvest to reissue the album in the UK, the label releasing a second album, Unconquered People in 1980. For their third album, Why You So Craven, they worked with Henry "Junjo" Lawes but disagreements meant that they left the album unfinished, with Lawes getting The Tamlins to complete it; the group relocated to New York in 1982 to seek professional health care, escape the growing dancehall movement in Jamaica, but struggled to break through there and they split up. They each attempted to launch solo careers, with Bulgin releasing the Mr Sunshine album in 1985, but by 1987 they decided to relaunch Israel Vibration. Having all been turned down when they approached Gary "Dr. Dread" Himmelfarb, founder of RAS Records, during their solo period, they received a positive response when they approached him as a group, they were flown to Washington, D. C. to record a new album at the Lion and Fox Recording Studios in College Park, backed by the Roots Radics.
Strength of my Life was the group's fourth album. The band stayed with RAS into the 21st century. In 1997, Apple Gabriel left the group to pursue a solo career, releasing the album Another Moses in 1999. Skelly and Wiss continue to record albums and tour the world as Israel Vibration, backed by longtime associates Roots Radics. In December 2014 they were recording a new album set for release in early 2015; the new album, entitled "Play It Real" was released on 31 March 2015 via Utopia. The Same Song, Top Ranking Unconquered People, Harvest Why You So Craven, Volcano Strength of My Life, RAS Praises, RAS Dub Vibration: Israel Vibration in Dub, RAS Forever, RAS IV, RAS I. V. D. U. B. RAS On the Rock, RAS Dub the Rock, RAS Israel Dub, RAS Free to Move, RAS Ras Portraits, RAS Pay the Piper, RAS Jericho, RAS Power of the Trinity Dub Combo, RAS Fighting Soldiers Cool and Calm Stamina, Mediacom Reggae Knights, Mediacom Play It Real, Utopia Israel Vibration & The Gladiators Live at Reggae Sunsplash Vibes Alive, RAS Live Again!, RAS Live & Jammin, Nocturne Official website
Session musicians, studio musicians, or backing musicians are musicians hired to perform in recording sessions or live performances. Session musicians are not permanent members of a musical ensemble or band, they work behind the scenes and achieve individual fame in their own right as soloists or bandleaders. However, top session musicians are well known within the music industry, some have become publicly recognized, such as the Wrecking Crew and Motown's The Funk Brothers. Many session musicians specialize in playing common instruments such as guitar, bass, or drums. Others are specialists, play brass and strings. Many session musicians play multiple instruments, which lets them play in a wider range of musical situations and styles. Examples of "doubling" include electric bass. Session musicians are used. Session musicians are used by recording studios to provide backing tracks for other musicians for recording sessions and live performances. In the 2000s, the terms "session musician" and "studio musician" are synonymous, though in past decades, "studio musician" meant a musician associated with a single record company, recording studio or entertainment agency.
During the 1950s and 1960s, session players were active in local recording scenes concentrated in places such as Los Angeles, New York City, Memphis and Muscle Shoals. Each local scene had its circle of "A-list" session musicians, such as The Nashville A-Team that played on numerous country and rock hits of the era, the two groups of musicians in Memphis, both the Memphis Boys and the musicians who backed Stax/Volt recordings, the Funk Brothers in Detroit, who played on many Motown recordings. At the time, multi-tracking equipment, though common, was less elaborate, instrumental backing tracks were recorded "hot" with an ensemble playing live in the studio. Musicians had to be available "on call" when producers needed a part to fill a last-minute time slot. In the 1960s, Los Angeles was considered the top recording destination in the United States — studios were booked around the clock, session time was sought after and expensive. Songs had to be recorded in the fewest possible takes. In this environment, Los Angeles producers and record executives had little patience for needless expense or wasted time and depended on the service of reliable standby musicians who could be counted on to record in a variety of styles with minimal practice or takes, deliver hits on short order.
A studio band is a musical ensemble, in the employ of a recording studio for the purpose of accompanying recording artists who are customers of the studio. The Nashville A-Team Studio musicians, their contributions began in the 1950s with artists such as Elvis Presley. The original A-Team includes bassist Bob Moore. Cramer, McCoy and Randolph, along with A-Teamer and producer Chet Atkins, would emerge as part of Hee Haw's Million Dollar Band in the 1980s. Booker T. & the M. G.'s The house band at Stax records in Memphis during the 1960s and 1970s, playing behind Otis Redding, Eddie Floyd and Dave, Isaac Hayes, The Staple Singers, others. MGs guitarist Steve Cropper co-wrote many of Redding's hits and the MGs produced albums and hit singles such as "Green Onions" in their own right while being the house band at Stax; the Wrecking Crew Prolific, established studio musicians based in Los Angeles. They have recorded many albums since the 1960s; the Ron Hicklin Singers was a vocal session group associated with the Wrecking Crew and appeared as backing vocalists on many of the Crew's recordings.
The Funk Brothers Session musicians who backed many Motown Records recordings from the late 1950s to the early 1970s, as well as a few non-Motown recordings, notably on Jackie Wilson's " Higher and Higher."The Andantes The Memphis Boys The Section A Los Angeles singer/songwriter scene associated with the Troubadour nightclub and Laurel Canyon in the late 1960s to mid-1970s was supported by musicians Russ Kunkel, Danny Kortchmar, Leland Sklar and Craig Doerge. This session combo, nicknamed "the Section" or "the Mafia", backed many musicians, among others: Carole King, James Taylor, Jackson Browne, Warren Zevon, Kris Kristofferson and David Crosby; the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section A group comprising Barry Beckett, Roger Hawkins, David Hood, Jimmy Johnson known as the Swampers, became known for the "Muscle Shoals Sound." Many of the recordings done in the Memphis area, which included Muscle Shoals, used The Memphis Horns in their arrangements. MFSB MFSB was a group of soul music studio musicians based in Philadelphia at the Sigma Sound Studios.
The Hillside Singers A vocal group commissioned to provide vocals for Mayoham Music, formed by husband and wife Al Ham and M
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
Eek-A-Mouse is a Jamaican reggae musician. He is one of the early artists to be described as a "singjay". Born in Kingston, Eek-A-Mouse began his music career when he was in college, releasing two roots reggae singles under his own name, which were produced by his mathematics tutor, Mr. Dehaney; these early works were influenced by the music of Pablo Moses. He went on to work for various sound systems over the next few years and released a few more singles, he adopted the stage name "Eek-A-Mouse" in 1979. He began recording for Joe Gibbs in 1979, having a hit straight away with "Once a Virgin", now showing the influence of Ranking Joe, this was soon followed with "Wa-Do-Dem", "Modelling Queen", which began an association with Linval Thompson, who produced his debut Bubble Up Yu Hip album. By the end of 1980, he had linked up with producer Henry "Junjo" Lawes, with whom he had big hits in 1981 with the likes of "Virgin Girl" and a recut "Wa-Do-Dem". In 1981, he was the star of the Reggae Sunsplash Festival, cheering audiences still mourning over the death of reggae icon Bob Marley.
His association with Lawes led to a string of successful singles and albums, in 1982 his hits included "Wild Like a Tiger", "For Hire and Removal", "Do You Remember", "Ganja Smuggling". The same year he released his second album, Wa Do Dem; the "Operation Eradication" single showed Hylton's serious side, the song inspired by the vigilante killing of close friend and fellow DJ Errol Shorter. Skidip was released. Further albums followed with 1983's Mouse and the Man, produced by Linval Thompson, 1984's Mouseketeer, again produced by Lawes, he featured on several of the live dancehall albums from the era, including the Aces International and Live at Skateland collections. In the second half of the decade his popularity began to wane and he targeted the United States with the Assassinator album in 1985, produced by Anthony and Ronald Welch, he travelled to the United Kingdom to record The King and I the same year, the album targeted at the rock crossover audience to which he had begun to appeal. His 1988 album Eek-A-Nomics saw him begin to establish himself with an international audience, spawning a club hit with "The Freak", he was signed by Island Records in 1989.
He returned to prominence with 1991's U-Neek album, which continued the rock-oriented style, including a cover version of Led Zeppelin's "D'yer Mak'er", from which the hit single "You're The One I Need" was taken. He went through a period of relative quietness before returning in 1996 with the Black Cowboy album, he has a performance in the 1991 gangster movie New Jack City playing a drug-dealing Rastafarian named Fat Smitty. Eek-A-Mouse is a regular at Sunsplash and teams up with reggae duo Michigan & Smiley. An album was issued of his performance in 1983, he was featured on nu metal group P. O. D.'s album Satellite, lending his vocals to the rock-reggae track "Ridiculous." He can be heard on OPM's album, ForThemAsses, on the track "Perfect Day." Eek-A-Mouse recorded a song with hip-hop recording artist Ditch, called "Smoke it up", featured on Ditch's CD Public Intoxication. The song by Ditch and Eek-a-Mouse is featured on the Jack Herer documentary as well. Has as well teamed up with Bounty Killer and Damian Marley in "Khaki Suit".
He performed in Jamaica for the first time in eight years in August 2015 at the Marcus Garvey Festival in Ocho Rios. On 16 August 2008, Hylton was arrested on charges of rape and narcotic possession, he fled an arrest warrant with a million dollar bond was issued. These charges were filed in Dare County, North Carolina after a performance at the Port O' Call restaurant, he failed to appear at the first hearing and was given a failure to appear charge and his bond was set at $1,375,000. On 21 November 2012, Eek-a-Mouse deported, he was transferred to Kill Devil Hills in Dare County, NC shortly after his deportation from Paraguay to await his trial, scheduled for the Summer of 2013. Hylton has an immigration hold on him which would prevent him from bonding out prior to the trial due to immigration reasons, he was charged with felony rape, felony kidnapping, felony cocaine charges and misdemeanor relating to possession of marijuana. In July 2013 he was released after a plea agreement, having pleaded "no contest" to misdemeanor charges for assault on a female and attempted crime against nature, with his time spent in prison covering his sentence.
Bubble Up Yu Hip, Greensleeves Wa-Do-Dem, Shanachie Skidip!, Shanachie The Mouse and the Man, Shanachie Assassinator, RAS Live At Reggae Sunsplash, Sunsplash Mouseketeer, Greensleeves The King and I, Original Sounds/, RAS Eek-A-Nomics, RAS U-Neek, Mango Black Cowboy, Explicit Eeeksperience, Coach House Mouse Gone Wild, Sanctuary Eek-A-Speeka, Greensleeves Live in San Francisco, 2B1 Eekziled Give it to them, road blockCompilations Mouse-A-Mania, RAS The Very Best Of, Greensleeves Ras Portraits, RAS At His Best The Very Best Of Vol.2, Shanachie Most Wanted, Greensleeves Ganja Smuggling Reggae Anthology: Eek-Ology, VP Hyman Wright Eek-A-Mouse on IMDb
Gregory Anthony Isaacs OD was a Jamaican reggae musician. Milo Miles, writing in The New York Times, described Isaacs as "the most exquisite vocalist in reggae". In his teenage years, Isaacs became a veteran of the talent contests that took place in Jamaica. In 1968, he made his recording debut as Winston Sinclair, with the single "Another Heartache", recorded for producer Byron Lee; the single sold poorly and Isaacs went on to team up with Errol Dunkley to start the African Museum record label and shop, soon had a massive hit with "My Only Lover", credited as the first lovers rock record made. He recorded for other producers to finance further African Museum recordings, having a string of hits in the three years that followed, ranging from ballads to roots reggae, including "All I Have Is Love", "Lonely Soldier", "Black a Kill Black", "Extra Classic" and his cover version of Dobby Dobson's "Loving Pauper". In 1974, he began working with producer Alvin Ranglin, that year he had his first Jamaican no. 1 single with "Love Is Overdue".
Isaacs recorded for many of Jamaica's top producers during the 1970s, including Winston "Niney" Holness, Gussie Clarke, Lloyd Campbell, Glen Brown, Harry Mudie, Roy Cousins, Sydney Crooks and Lee "Scratch" Perry. By the late-1970s, Isaacs was one of the biggest reggae performers in the world touring the US and the UK, only challenged by Dennis Brown and Bob Marley. Between 1977 and 1978, Isaacs again teamed up with Alvin Ranglin, recording a string of hits including "Border" and "Number One" for Ranglin's GG's label, he opened the Cash and Carry shop at 118 Orange Street moving to no. 125, next door to Prince Buster's Record Shack, the base for the Cash and Carry record label that he ran with Trevor "Leggo" Douglas. International stardom seemed assured in 1978 when Isaacs signed to the Virgin Records offshoot Front Line Records, appeared in the film Rockers, in which he performed "Slavemaster"; the Cool Ruler and Soon Forward albums, failed to sell as well as expected, although they are now considered among his best work.
In 1981, he made his first appearance at the Reggae Sunsplash festival, he moved on to the Charisma Records offshoot Pre, who released his The Lonely Lover and More Gregory albums along with a string of successful singles including "Tune In", "Permanent Lover", "Wailing Rudy" and "Tribute to Waddy". He signed to Island Records and released the record that saw him break through to a wider audience, "Night Nurse", the title track from his first album for the label. Although "Night Nurse" was not a chart hit in either the UK or US, it was hugely popular in clubs and received heavy radio play, the album reached number 32 in the UK, it was used in adverts for a cold & flu remedy of the same name. This success for Isaacs coincided with drug problems with cocaine that saw him serve a six-month prison sentence in Kingston in 1982 for possession of unlicensed firearms. Isaacs claimed that he had the weapons only for protection, but it emerged that this was his 27th arrest and that he had become involved in drug dealing and was addicted to crack cocaine.
He celebrated his release from prison with his second album for Island, Out Deh!. He was featured in the 1982 documentary Land of Look Behind; when his contract with Island ended, Isaacs returned in 1984 with the "Kool Ruler Come Again" single, began a period of prolific recording, working with producers including Prince Jammy, Hugh "Redman" James, Bobby Digital, Tad Dawkins and Steely & Clevie, maintaining a consistent standard despite the volume of work produced. Isaacs built a strong relationship with Gussie Clarke of the Music Works label, they began with Isaacs' 1985 album Private Beach Party, had a massive hit with "Rumours" in 1988, followed by further popular singles including "Mind Yu Dis", "Rough Neck", "Too Good To Be True" and "Report to Me". The association with Clarke continued into the early 1990s, teaming up with singers including Freddie McGregor, Ninjaman and J. C. Lodge, he dueted with Beres Hammond on the 1993 Philip "Fatis" Burrell-produced "One Good Turn", Burrell producing Isaacs' 1994 album Midnight Confidential.
In the 1990s the African Museum label continued to release all of Isaacs' music, that of artists he produced. In 1997 Simply Red had a hit with it. Isaacs continued to perform live in the 2000s. In 2005 Lady Saw produced another version of "Night Nurse" with her toasting over the original lyrics. Isaacs' drug addiction had a major impact on his voice, with most of his teeth falling out as a result. Isaacs said of his addiction in 2007: "Drugs are a debasing weapon, it was the greatest college but the most expensive school fee paid – the Cocaine High School. I learnt everything, now I've put it on the side."He performed at the ICC Cricket World Cup 2007 Inauguration at Jamaica. In 2007 he collaborated with the Spanish rap group Flowklorikos/Rafael Lechowski album Donde Duele Inspira. In 2008, after some 40 years as a recording artist, Isaacs released a new studio album Brand New Me, nominated for the Grammy Awards for 2010; the album received positive reviews from critics, such as this review from Reggae Vibes: "Gregory is back, how!'Brand New Me' is a suitable album title for the cool ruler's new album.
He is back in a different style, more or less like we were used to from this great'lovers & roots' artist" This was followed in 2009 by the album My Kind Of Lady. In 2010, Gregory Isaacs put out the last of his albums to be released wh