Secretariat was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who, in 1973, became the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years. His record-breaking victory in the Belmont Stakes, which he won by 31 lengths, is regarded as one of the greatest races of all time. During his racing career, he won five Eclipse Awards, including Horse of the Year honors at ages two and three, he was elected to the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1974. In the List of the Top 100 U. S. Racehorses of the 20th Century, Secretariat is second only to Man o' War, a large chestnut colt given the nickname "Big Red". At age two, Secretariat finished fourth in his 1972 debut in a maiden race, but won seven of his remaining eight starts, including five stakes victories, his only loss during this period was in the Champagne Stakes, where he finished first but was disqualified to second for interference. He received the Eclipse Award for champion two-year-old colt, was the 1972 Horse of the Year, a rare honor for a horse so young.
At age three, Secretariat not only won the Triple Crown, he set speed records in all three races. His time in the Kentucky Derby still stands as the Churchill Downs track record for 1 1⁄4 miles, his time in the Belmont Stakes stands as the American record for 1 1⁄2 miles on the dirt, his controversial time in the Preakness Stakes was recognized as a stakes record in 2012. Secretariat's win in the Gotham Stakes tied the track record for 1 mile, he set a world record in the Marlboro Cup at 1 1⁄8 miles, further proved his versatility by winning two major stakes races on turf, he lost three times that year: in the Wood Memorial and Woodward Stakes, but the brilliance of his nine wins made him an American icon. He won his second Horse of the Year title, plus Eclipse Awards for champion three-year-old colt and champion turf horse. At the beginning of his three-year-old year, Secretariat was syndicated for a record-breaking $6.08 million on condition that he be retired from racing by the end of the year.
Although he sired several successful racehorses, he was most influential through his daughters' offspring, becoming the leading broodmare sire in North America in 1992. His daughters produced several notable sires, including Storm Cat, A. P. Indy, Gone West and Chief's Crown, through them Secretariat appears in the pedigree of many modern champions. Secretariat died in 1989 due to laminitis at age 19, he is recognized as one of the greatest horses in American racing history. Secretariat was bred by Christopher Chenery's Meadow Stud, but the breeding was arranged by Penny Chenery, who had taken over the running of the stable in 1968 when her father became ill. Secretariat was sired by Bold Ruler and his dam was Somethingroyal, a daughter of Princequillo. Bold Ruler was the leading sire in North America from 1963 to 1969 and again in 1973. Owned by the Phipps family, Bold Ruler possessed both speed and stamina, having won the Preakness Stakes and Horse of the Year honors in 1957, American Champion Sprint Horse honors in 1958.
Bold Ruler was retired to stud at Claiborne Farm, but the Phippses owned most of the mares to which Bold Ruler was bred, few of his offspring were sold at public auction. To bring new blood into their breeding program, the Phippses sometimes negotiated a foal-sharing agreement with other mare owners: Instead of charging a stud fee for Bold Ruler, they would arrange for multiple matings with Bold Ruler, either with two mares in one year or one mare over a two-year period. Assuming two foals were produced, the Phipps family would keep one and the mare's owner would keep the other, with a coin toss determining who received first pick. Under such an arrangement, Chenery sent two mares to be bred to Bold Ruler in 1968, Hasty Matelda and Somethingroyal, she sent Cicada and Somethingroyal in 1969. The foal-sharing agreement stated that the winner of the coin toss would get first pick of the foals produced in 1969, while the loser of the toss would get first pick of the foals due in 1970. In the spring of 1969, a colt and filly were produced.
In the 1969 breeding season, Cicada did not conceive, leaving only one foal due in the spring of 1970. Thus, the winner of the coin toss would get only one foal, the loser would get two. Chenery said that both owners hoped they would lose the coin toss, held in the fall of 1969 in the office of New York Racing Association Chairman Alfred G. Vanderbilt II, with Arthur "Bull" Hancock of Claiborne Farm as witness. Ogden Phipps took the 1969 weanling filly out of Somethingroyal; the filly was named The Bride and never won a race, though she did become a stakes producer. Chenery received the Hasty Matelda colt in 1969 and the as-yet-unborn 1970 foal of Somethingroyal, which turned out to be Secretariat. On March 30, 1970, at 12:10 a.m. at the Meadow Stud in Caroline County, Somethingroyal foaled a bright-red chestnut colt with three white socks and a star with a narrow stripe. The foal nursed 30 minutes later. Howard Gentry, the manager of Meadow Stud, was at the foaling and said, "He was a well-made foal.
He was as perfect a foal that I delivered." The colt soon distinguished himself from the others. "He was always the leader in the crowd," said Gentry's nephew, who worked at the farm. "To us, he was Big Red, he had a personality. He was a clown and was always cutting up, always into some devilment." Some time Chenery got her first look at the foal and made a one word entry in her notebook: "Wow!"That fall and Elizabeth Ham, the Me
Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing shortened to Triple Crown, comprises three races for three-year-old Thoroughbred horses. Winning all three of these Thoroughbred horse races is considered the greatest accomplishment in Thoroughbred racing; the term originated in mid-19th century England and nations where thoroughbred racing is popular each have their own Triple Crown series. In Great Britain, where the term Triple Crown originated with West Australian's three wins in 1853, it is made up of: the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, run over 1m at Newmarket Racecourse in Newmarket, Suffolk The Derby, run over 1m 4f and 10y at Epsom Downs Racecourse in Epsom, Surrey the St Leger Stakes, run over 1m 6f and 132y at Town Moor in Doncaster, YorkshireSince the 2,000 Guineas was first run in 1809, fifteen horses have won the English Triple Crown; the most recent – and only winner since World War II – was Nijinsky, in 1970. For many years, it was considered unlikely that any horse would win the English Triple Crown again.
In the winter of 2006/2007, trainer Jim Bolger was training his unbeaten colt Teofilo for the Triple Crown and bookmaker William Hill plc was offering odds of only 12/1 against Teofilo winning the 2007 Triple Crown. The horse was withdrawn from the 2000 Guineas two days before the race after suffering a setback and never raced again. Since Nijinsky, only Nashwan, Sea the Stars, Camelot have won both the Guineas and the Derby. Between Reference Point in 1987 and Camelot in 2012, no Derby winner entered the St. Leger; this reluctance to compete in the St. Leger is said to be because of the impact it would have on a horse's stud value in a market where speed is preferred to stamina. For a list of the annual individual race winners, see English Triple Crown race winners. Triple Crown winners: †Wartime winners Pommern, Gay Crusader and Gainsborough are not counted, according to many judges, as the three races were all held at Newmarket and racing itself was too disrupted. By this reckoning, there were only 12 triple crown winners, only three in the 20th century.
The following horses won the 2000 Guineas and Derby but were beaten in the St Leger: Cotherstone: second to Nutwith Pretender: fourth to Pero Gomez Shotover: third to Dutch Oven Ayrshire: sixth to Seabreeze Ladas: second to Throstle St. Amant: seventh and last to Pretty Polly Minoru: fourth to Bayardo Manna: tenth to Solario Cameronian: tenth and last to Sandwich Camelot: second to Encke There is a Fillies Triple Crown for a filly winning the 1,000 Guineas Stakes, Epsom Oaks and St. Leger Stakes. In the past, this was not considered a true Triple Crown as the best fillies would run in the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas; as this is no longer the case, the Fillies' Triple Crown would now be considered as comparable as the original. Winners of the Fillies Triple Crown are: 1868 – Formosa dead heated in the Two Thousand Guineas 1871 – Hannah 1874 – Apology won the Ascot Gold Cup 1892 – La Fleche won the Ascot Gold Cup 1902 – Sceptre won the Two Thousand Guineas 1904 – Pretty Polly 1942 – Sun Chariot 1955 – Meld 1985 – Oh So Sharp The so called Stayers Triple Crown consists of the most prestigious long distance races in the British flat racing season which comprises of the.
The has seen renewed interest in recent years with a bonus of £1million being offered to the victor of all three races and one of 8 qualifying race. This was claimed by Stratavrious in 2018 after his victory in the Yorkshire Cup and three aforementioned races. In the United States, the three races that make up the Triple Crown are: Kentucky Derby, run over the 1 1⁄4-mile dirt track at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky Preakness Stakes, run over the 1 3⁄16-mile dirt track at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland Belmont Stakes, run over the 1 1⁄2-mile dirt track at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York, just east of New York City There have been several different versions of the Triple Tiara in the United States. One of them was a national version that consisted of undercard events on the same weekends as the associated Triple Crown races: Kentucky Oaks, run over 1 1⁄8 miles on a dirt track, at Churchill Downs. Few have tried as the short time between the Kentucky Oaks and Black-Eyed Susan is considered too short for fillies.
The most accepted version of the Triple Tiara is the American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing which uses three races from New York. From 1957 to 2002, 2007 to 2009, these three races were the Acorn Stakes, the Mother Goose Stakes, the Coaching Club American Oaks. Eight fillies won this version of the New York Triple Tiara: Dark Mirage Shuvee Chris Evert Ruffian Davona Dale Mom's Command Open Mind Sky Beauty In 2010, the NYRA changed the configuration of the Triple Tiara to include the Alabama Stakes instead of the Mother Goose, thus far, no filly has won the reconfigured Triple Tiara. In
A mare is an adult female horse or other equine. In most cases, a mare is a female horse over the age of three, a filly is a female horse three and younger. In Thoroughbred horse racing, a mare is defined as a female horse more than four years old; the word can be used for other female equine animals mules and zebras, but a female donkey is called a "jenny". A broodmare is a mare used for breeding. A horse's female parent is known as its dam. An uncastrated adult male horse is called a castrated male is a gelding; the term "horse" is used to designate only a male horse. Mares carry their young for 11 months from conception to birth. Just one young is born; when a domesticated mare foals, she nurses the foal for at least four to six months before it is weaned, though mares in the wild may allow a foal to nurse for up to a year. The estrous cycle known as "season" or "heat" of a mare occurs every 19–22 days and occurs from early spring into autumn; as the days shorten, most mares enter an anestrus period during the winter and thus do not cycle in this period.
The reproductive cycle in a mare is controlled by the photoperiod, the cycle first triggered when the days begin to lengthen. As the days shorten, the mare returns to the anestrus period. Anestrus prevents the mare from conceiving in the winter months, as that would result in her foaling during the harshest part of the year, a time when it would be most difficult for the foal to survive. However, for most competitive purposes, foals are given an official "birthday" of January 1, many breeders want foals to be born as early in the year as possible. Therefore, many breeding farms begin to put mares "under lights" in late winter in order to bring them out of anestrus early and allow conception to occur in February or March. One exception to this general rule is the field of endurance riding, which requires horses to be 60 true calendar months old before competing at longer distances. Fillies are sexually mature by age two and are sometimes bred at that age, but should not be bred until they themselves have stopped growing by age four or five.
A healthy, well-managed mare can produce a foal every year into her twenties, though not all breeders will breed a mare every year. In addition, many mares are kept for riding and so are not bred annually, as a mare in late pregnancy or nursing a foal is not able to perform at as athletic a standard as one, neither pregnant nor lactating. In addition, some mares become anxious when separated from their foals temporarily, thus are difficult to manage under saddle until their foals are weaned. Mares are considered easier to handle than stallions. However, geldings have little to no hormone-driven behavior patterns at all, thus sometimes they are preferred to both mares and stallions. Mares have a notorious, if undeserved, reputation for being "marish," meaning that they can be cranky or unwilling when they come into season. While a few mares may be somewhat more distractible or irritable when in heat, they are far less distracted than a stallion at any time. Solid training minimizes hormonal behavior.
For competitive purposes, mares are sometimes placed on hormone therapies, such as the drug Regumate, to help control hormonally based behavior. Some riders use various herbal remedies, most of which have not been extensively tested for effectiveness. In relation to maternal behaviour, the formation of the bond between a mare and her foal "occurs during the first few hours post-partum, but that of the foal to the mare takes place over a period of days". Mares and geldings can be pastured together. However, mares may be a bit more territorial than geldings though they are far less territorial than stallions. Sex-segregating herds may make for less infighting if kept in close quarters. However, studies have shown that when a "lead mare" or "boss mare" is in charge of a herd, all remaining animals rest for longer periods and seem more at ease than do those in herds led by a gelding. In wild herds, a "boss mare" or "lead mare" leads the band to grazing, to water, away from danger, she drinks first, decides when the herd will move and to where.
The herd stallion brings up the rear and acts as a defender of the herd against predators and other stallions. Mares are used in every equestrian sport and compete with stallions and geldings in most events, though some competitions may offer classes open only to one sex of horse or another in breeding or "in-hand" conformation classes. In horse racing and fillies have their own races and only a small percentage compete against male horses. However, a few fillies and mares have won classic horse races against colts, including the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, the Belmont Stakes, the Melbourne Cup and the Breeders' Cup Classic. Mares are used as dairy animals in some cultures by the nomads and nomadic peoples of Central Asia. Fermented mare's milk, known as kumis, is the national drink of Kyrgyzstan; some mares of draft horse breeding, are kept in North America for the production of their urine. Pregnant mares' urine is the source of the active ingredient in the hormonal drug Premarin.
Until the invention of castration and later where there was less cultural acceptance of the practice, mares were less difficult to manage than stallions and thus preferred for most ordinary work. The Bedouin nomads of the Arabian peninsula preferred mares on their raids, because stallions would nic
The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbreds are considered "hot-blooded" horses that are known for their agility and spirit; the Thoroughbred as it is known today was developed in 17th- and 18th-century England, when native mares were crossbred with imported Oriental stallions of Arabian and Turkoman breeding. All modern Thoroughbreds can trace their pedigrees to three stallions imported into England in the 17th century and 18th century and to a larger number of foundation mares of English breeding. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Thoroughbred breed spread throughout the world. Millions of Thoroughbreds exist today, around 100,000 foals are registered each year worldwide. Thoroughbreds are used for racing, but are bred for other riding disciplines such as show jumping, combined training, dressage and fox hunting.
They are commonly crossbred to create new breeds or to improve existing ones, have been influential in the creation of the Quarter Horse, Anglo-Arabian, various warmblood breeds. Thoroughbred racehorses perform with maximum exertion, which has resulted in high accident rates and health problems such as bleeding from the lungs. Other health concerns include low fertility, abnormally small hearts and a small hoof-to-body-mass ratio. There are several theories for the reasons behind the prevalence of accidents and health problems in the Thoroughbred breed, research is ongoing; the typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands high. They are most bay, dark bay or brown, black, or gray. Less common colors recognized in the United States include palomino. White is rare, but is a recognized color separate from gray; the face and lower legs may be marked with white, but white will not appear on the body. Coat patterns that have more than one color on the body, such as Pinto or Appaloosa, are not recognized by mainstream breed registries.
Good-quality Thoroughbreds have a well-chiseled head on a long neck, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, good depth of hindquarters, a lean body, long legs. Thoroughbreds are classified among the "hot-blooded" breeds, which are animals bred for agility and speed and are considered spirited and bold. Thoroughbreds born in the Northern Hemisphere are considered a year older on the first of January each year; these artificial dates have been set to enable the standardization of races and other competitions for horses in certain age groups. The Thoroughbred is a distinct breed of horse, although people sometimes refer to a purebred horse of any breed as a thoroughbred; the term for any horse or other animal derived from a single breed line is purebred. While the term came into general use because the English Thoroughbred's General Stud Book was one of the first breed registries created, in modern usage horse breeders consider it incorrect to refer to any animal as a thoroughbred except for horses belonging to the Thoroughbred breed.
Nonetheless, breeders of other species of purebred animals may use the two terms interchangeably, though thoroughbred is less used for describing purebred animals of other species. The term is a proper noun referring to this specific breed, though not capitalized in non-specialist publications, outside the US. For example, the Australian Stud Book, The New York Times, the BBC do not capitalize the word. Flat racing existed in England by at least 1174, when four-mile races took place at Smithfield, in London. Racing continued at fairs and markets throughout the Middle Ages and into the reign of King James I of England, it was that handicapping, a system of adding weight to attempt to equalize a horse's chances of winning as well as improved training procedures, began to be used. During the reigns of Charles II, William III, George I, the foundation of the Thoroughbred was laid; the term "thro-bred" to describe horses was first used in 1713. Under Charles II, a keen racegoer and owner, Anne, royal support was given to racing and the breeding of race horses.
With royal support, horse racing became popular with the public, by 1727, a newspaper devoted to racing, the Racing Calendar, was founded. Devoted to the sport, it recorded race results and advertised upcoming meets. All modern Thoroughbreds trace back to three stallions imported into England from the Middle East in the late 17th and early 18th centuries: the Byerley Turk, the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin Arabian. Other stallions of oriental breeding were less influential, but still made noteworthy contributions to the breed; these included the Alcock's Arabian, D'Arcy's White Turk, Leedes Arabian, Curwen's Bay Barb. Another was the Brownlow Turk, among other attributes, is thought to be responsible for the gray coat color in Thoroughbreds. In all, about 160 stallions of Oriental breeding have been traced in the historical record as contributing to the creation of the Thoroughbred; the addition of horses of Eastern bloodlines, whether Arabian, Barb, or Turk, to the native English mares led to the creation of the General Stud Book in 1791 and the practice of official registration of horses.
According to Peter Willett, about 50% of the foundation stallions appear to have been of Arabian bloodlines, wit
The Australian Derby is an Australian Turf Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race for three-year-olds at set weights held at Randwick Racecourse, Australia in April, during the Autumn ATC Championships Carnival. The race is considered to be the top ranked event for three-year-olds in Australian and New Zealand race classifications. Inaugurated in 1861 as the AJC Randwick Derby Stakes, the first race was won by Kyogle, a grandson of the Touchstone, a four-time Champion sire in Great Britain & Ireland. In 1865 the name of the race was changed to the AJC Australia Derby Stakes from 1873 through 1993 it was called the AJC Derby. Although the race became the AJC Australian Derby in 1994, it is still referred to as the AJC Derby; the official records show that Prince Humphrey won the 1928 Derby. It was a horse called Cragsman, with a different dam; this substitution came to light when Dick Tate of Toowoomba saw a picture of the Derby winner and was aware that Prince Humphrey had different markings, had photographs to prove it.
From 1932 to 1956, geldings were banned from competing in the Derby. Run at a distance of 1 1⁄2 miles, in 1972 the race was changed to 2,400 metres to conform to the metric system. In 1978 there was no race held and under a reorganisation, it was changed from a spring racing event to be run in the autumn beginning in 1979. Contested over 2,400 metres on a right-handed turf course, it has been won by some of the greats of the Australian turf, including Phar Lap and Kingston Town. Time record: 2:28.41 - Octagonal Largest winning margin: 10 lengths - Trident Most wins by a jockey: 6 - Thomas Hales Notes: Australian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing List of Australian Group races Group racesThe premiere race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds in other countries: New Zealand Derby Derby Italiano Deutsches Derby Epsom Derby Kentucky Derby Prix du Jockey Club Queen's Plate First three placegetters Australian Derby
Chestnut is a hair coat color of horses consisting of a reddish-to-brown coat with a mane and tail the same or lighter in color than the coat. Genetically and visually, chestnut is characterized by the absolute absence of true black hairs, it is one of the most common horse coat colors, seen in every breed of horse. Chestnut is a common coat color but the wide range of shades can cause confusion; the lightest chestnuts may be mistaken for palominos, while the darkest shades can be so dark as to resemble a black coat. Chestnuts have dark brown eyes, black skin, a coat, devoid of true black hairs. Typical chestnuts are some shade of reddish brown; the mane and legs may be lighter or darker than the body coat, but are never black. They may have pink skin beneath any white markings under the areas of white hair, if such white markings include one or both eyes, the eyes may be blue. Chestnut is produced by a recessive gene. Unlike many coat colors, chestnut can be true-breeding; some breeds, such as the Budyonny, Suffolk Punch, Haflinger are chestnut.
Other breeds, such as the Belgian are predominantly chestnut. However, a chestnut horse need not have two chestnut parents. For example, Friesian horses have been selected for many years to be uniformly black, but on rare occasions chestnuts are born; the Ariegeois pony is another example. Chestnuts can vary in shade and different terms are sometimes used to describe these shades though they are genetically indistinguishable. Collectively, these coat colors are called "red" by geneticists. A basic chestnut or "red" horse has a solid copper-reddish coat, with a mane and tail, close to the same shade as the body coat. Sorrel is a term used by American stock horse registries to describe red horses with manes and tails the same shade or lighter than the body coat color. In these registries, chestnut describes the darker shades of red-based coats. Colloquially, in the American west all copper-red chestnuts are called "sorrel." In other parts of the English-speaking world, some consider a "sorrel" to be a light chestnut with a flaxen mane and tail.
Liver chestnut or dark chestnut are not a descriptive term. The genetic controls for the depth of shade are not presently understood. Liver chestnuts are a dark-reddish brown. Liver chestnuts are included in the term "dark chestnut." The darkest chestnuts common in the Morgan horse, may be indistinguishable from true black without careful inspection. Confusingly called "black chestnuts," they may be identified by small amounts of reddish hair on the lower legs and tail, or by DNA or pedigree testing, it has been suggested that the trait or traits that produce certain darker shades of chestnut and bay, referred to as "sooty" coloration follow a recessive mode of inheritance. Flaxen chestnut and blond chestnut are terms that describe manes and/or tails that are flaxen, or lighter than the body color. Sometimes this difference is only a shade or two, but other flaxen chestnuts have near-white or silverish manes and tails. Haflingers are of this shade, it is considered desirable in other breeds, though the genetic mechanism is not understood.
Some flaxen chestnuts can be mistaken for palominos and have been registered in palomino color registries. Pangare or mealy is thought to be controlled by a single gene, unrelated to chestnut color, produces distinct characteristics common to wild equids: pale hairs around the eyes and muzzle and a pale underside. Haflingers and Belgians are examples of mealy chestnuts; the flaxen characteristic is sometimes associated with pangare, but not always. Chestnut is considered a "base color" in the discussion of equine coat color genetics. Additional coat colors based on chestnut are described in terms of their relationship to chestnut: Palominos have a chestnut base coat color, genetically modified to a golden shade by a single copy of the incomplete dominant cream gene. Palominos can be distinguished from chestnuts by the lack of true red tones in the coat; the eyes of chestnuts are dark brown, while those of a palomino are sometimes a lighter amber. Some color breed registries that promote palomino coloring have accepted flaxen chestnuts because registration is based on a physical description rather than a genetic identity.
Cremellos homozygous for the cream gene. They have a cream-colored coat, blue eyes and pigmented pink skin. Red duns have a chestnut base coat with the dun gene, their body color is pale, dusty tan shade that resembles the light undercoat color of a body-clipped chestnut but with a bold, dark dorsal stripe in dark red, a red mane and legs. They may have additional primitive markings, which distinguish a red dun from a light or body-clipped chestnut. Gold champagnes have a chestnut base coat with the champagne gene, they resemble a palomino, or they may be an all-over apricot shade, but can be distinguished from other colors by amber or green eyes and lightened skin color with freckling. Red or "strawberry" roans have a chestnut base coat with the classic roan gene. A skewbald, "chestnut pinto" or "sorrel Paint" is a pinto horse with white patches. Combinations of multiple dilution genes do not always have consistent names. For example, "dunalinos" are one copy of the cream gene. Bay horses have reddish coats, but they have a black mane, tail and other "points"
Champagne Stakes (ATC)
The Champagne Stakes is an Australian Turf Club Group 1 horse race for two year old Thoroughbreds at set weights run at Randwick Racecourse, Australia over a distance of 1,600 metres during the Sydney Autumn Carnival. Prize money is A$500,000; the inaugural running of the race was on the second day of the Australian Jockey Club Autumn Meet in 1861 as the fourth race on the six race card. The winner was Exeter trained by the famous trainer of the time Etienne de Mestre; the race became the premier AJC sprint race for two-year-olds for nearly 80 years. With the introduction of the richer Golden Slipper Stakes in 1957, the AJC decided on extending the distance of the race to 1 mile and in such creating a natural progression for elite two year old races, now known as the Juvenile Triple Crown – Golden Slipper Stakes, Sires Produce Stakes and Champagne Stakes. Six two-year-olds have won the Triple Crown: Baguette, Luskin Star, Burst, Dance Hero, Pierro The record time for the race when the distance was 6 furlongs was by Vain in 1969 when he won by 10 lengths in a time of 1:09.40.
At the time Vain became the richest money earning two year old in Australia. The record time for the current 1600 metres distance is 1:34.47 set by Seabrook in 2018. 1861 - 5 furlongs 1862–1864 - 1 mile 1865–1866 - 7 furlongs 1867–1880 - 5 furlongs 1881 - 6 furlongs 1882 - 5 furlongs 1883–1971 - 6 furlongs 1972 - 1 mile 1973 onwards - 1600 metres List of Australian Group races Group races First three placegetters Champagne Stakes