Roseau County, Minnesota

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Roseau County, Minnesota
CourthouseRoseauMN.gif
Map of Minnesota highlighting Roseau County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedDecember 31, 1894
Named forRoseau Lake and Roseau River
SeatRoseau
Largest cityRoseau
Area
 • Total1,678 sq mi (4,346 km2)
 • Land1,672 sq mi (4,330 km2)
 • Water6.5 sq mi (17 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)15,150
 • Density9.17/sq mi (3.54/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.roseau.mn.us

Roseau County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota, along the Canada–US border. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 15,629,[1] its county seat is Roseau.[2] It is south of the border with Manitoba.

A portion of the Red Lake Indian Reservation falls within Roseau County.

History[edit]

Roseau County was once the home of many Chippewa, Sioux, and Mandan tribes. Archeologists have found artifacts within the county belonging to these tribes that date back 7,200 years.[3] More recent history includes fur trappers and European-based explorers. By 1822 a fur-trading post was established in the future county area. In 1885 the future Roseau City hosted 4 settlers; by 1895 there were 600, and the area was incorporated as Roseau City.[4]

By the mid-1880s the early settlers of eastern Kittson County were feeling the disadvantage of their location far from the county seat, and petitioned the government for a separate county. On December 31, 1894,[5] Governor Nelson proclaimed the eastern portion of Kittson as a new county, to be named Roseau.[6] On February 11, 1896, the next governor, David Marston Clough, added a portion of Beltrami County to Roseau County. Roseau City, which had been incorporated in 1895, was named the county seat.[4]

Geography[edit]

Soils of Roseau County[7]

Roseau County lies on the north side of Minnesota, its north line abuts the south line of Canada. The Roseau River drains the upper part of the county, flowing west into Kittson County on its way to the Hudson Bay; the county terrain consists of low rolling hills, devoted to agriculture, and dotted with lakes and drainages. There is considerable wooded area, especially in the southeast portion;[8] the county has a total area of 1,678 square miles (4,350 km2), of which 1,672 square miles (4,330 km2) is land and 6.5 square miles (17 km2) (0.4%) is water.[9] Roseau is one of 17 Minnesota savanna counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities[edit]

Protected areas[8][edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19006,994
191011,33862.1%
192013,30517.3%
193012,621−5.1%
194015,10319.7%
195014,505−4.0%
196012,154−16.2%
197011,569−4.8%
198012,5748.7%
199015,02619.5%
200016,3388.7%
201015,629−4.3%
Est. 201815,150[10]−3.1%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[1]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 16,338 people, 6,190 households, and 4,438 families in the county; the population density was 9.77/sqmi (3.77/km²). There were 7,101 housing units at an average density of 4.25/sqmi (1.64/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.92% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 1.42% Native American, 1.73% Asian or Yellow, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.0% were of Norwegian, 18.8% German and 10.7% Swedish ancestry.

There were 6,190 households out of which 38.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

The county population contained 29.80% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 105.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,852, and the median income for a family was $46,185. Males had a median income of $29,747 versus $23,630 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,053. About 4.60% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In presidential elections, Roseau is Minnesota's most reliably Republican-voting county. John McCain's and George W. Bush's best performances in Minnesota were in Roseau County. Bush won in Roseau County twice, with over 65% of the vote, it was also one of the few Minnesota counties that George H. W. Bush won in 1992 and Bob Dole won in 1996.

Roseau County is less reliably Republican in senatorial and gubernatorial elections; the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party has won two senatorial elections here since 1992. Independents do not perform as well in Roseau County as in the rest of Minnesota. In the 1998 gubernatorial election, Norm Coleman's best performance in Minnesota was in Roseau County, where he won with almost 50% of the vote.

President and Governor Election results 1972-2016
Election results from statewide races[15]
Year Office GOP DEM Others
2016 President 69.8% 23.8% 6.3%
2014 Governor 58.4% 35.8% 5.8%
Senator 56.3% 38.5% 5.2%
2012 President 60.0% 37.7% 2.3%
Senator 39.5% 55.8% 4.7%
2010 Governor 49.5% 39.6% 10.8%
2008 President 57.6% 40.2% 2.2%
Senator 57.5% 31.7% 10.8%
2006 Governor 56.2% 38.8% 5.0%
Senator 46.7% 49.4% 3.9%
2004 President 67.7% 30.9% 1.4%
2002 Governor 49.7% 42.5% 7.8%
Senator 55.7% 40.8% 3.5%
2000 President 65.5% 29.7% 4.8%
Senator 43.3% 48.8% 7.9%
1998 Governor 49.8% 31.2% 19.0%
1996 President 43.2% 39.9% 16.9%
Senator 54.6% 40.9% 4.5%
1994 Governor 59.8% 37.6% 2.6%
Senator 59.1% 36.6% 4.3%
1992 President 38.3% 32.2% 29.5%
1988 President 56.5% 42.5% 1.0%
1984 President 59.3% 39.9% 0.8%
1980 President 53.2% 41.4% 5.4%
1976 President 41.4% 55.9% 2.7%
Presidential election results 1968-2016
Presidential Election Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
1968 40.7% 2,048 52.6% 2,649 6.7% 338
1964 31.2% 1,651 68.7% 3,636 0.1% 6
1960 41.5% 2,274 58.3% 3,198 0.2% 10
1956 38.2% 1,901 61.6% 3,062 0.2% 10
1952 45.3% 2,596 53.5% 3,062 1.2% 69
1948 26.4% 1,458 66.5% 3,674 7.2% 396
1944 28.8% 1,513 70.4% 3,697 0.8% 40
1940 28.3% 1,730 70.1% 4,289 1.7% 104
1936 25.2% 1,326 71.4% 3,761 3.4% 179
1932 25.5% 1,078 66.4% 2,805 8.1% 341
1928 63.2% 2,618 32.4% 1,342 4.5% 185
1924 39.0% 1,300 4.4% 148 56.6% 1,886
1920 64.1% 2,387 13.4% 500 22.4% 835
1916 38.7% 821 39.3% 834 22.0% 466
1912 14.5% 278 15.6% 299 69.9% 1,341
1908 50.9% 900 25.1% 444 24.0% 424
1904 73.4% 1,042 12.8% 182 13.8% 196
1900 53.0% 632 45.1% 537 1.9% 23
1896 34.7% 287 63.7% 527 1.7% 14

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Roseau History Archived September 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Roseau MN. Accessed May 17, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d Historical Overview (accessed 3 April 2019)
  5. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  6. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 470.
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57-60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ a b Roseau County MN Google Maps (accessed 3 April 2019)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
  15. ^ a b Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°46′N 95°48′W / 48.77°N 95.80°W / 48.77; -95.80