The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes Thoroughbred horse race held on the first or second Saturday in June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. It is a 1.5-mile-long horse race, open to three-year-old Thoroughbreds. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds; the race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion, The Run for the Carnations, is the third and final leg of the Triple Crown and is held five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record of 2:24; the attendance at the Belmont Stakes is among the American thoroughbred racing top-attended events. The 2004 Belmont Stakes drew a television audience of 21.9 million viewers, had the highest household viewing rate since 1977 when Seattle Slew won the Triple Crown. The 150th Belmont Stakes took place on Saturday, June 9, 2018. Justify became the second horse in four years to win the Triple Crown; the first Belmont Stakes was held at Jerome Park Racetrack in The Bronx, built in 1866 by stock market speculator Leonard Jerome and financed by August Belmont Sr. for whom the race was named.
The first race in 1867 saw the filly Ruthless win. The race continued to be held at Jerome Park until 1890, when it was moved to the nearby facility, Morris Park Racecourse; the 1895 race was not held because of new laws that banned bookmaking in New York: it was rescheduled for November 2. The race remained at Morris Park Racecourse until the May 1905 opening of the new Belmont Park, 430-acre racetrack in Elmont, New York on Long Island, just outside the New York City borough of Queens; when anti-gambling legislation was passed in New York State, Belmont Racetrack was closed, the race was cancelled in 1911 and 1912. The first winner of the Triple Crown was Sir Barton, in 1919, before the series was recognized as such. In 1920, the Belmont was won by the great Man o' War, who won by 20 lengths, setting a new stakes and American record. Starting in 1926, the winner of the Belmont Stakes has been presented with August Belmont Trophy; the owner may keep the trophy for one year, receives a silver miniature for permanent use.
The term Triple Crown was first used when Gallant Fox won the three races in 1930, but the term did not enter widespread use until 1935 when his son Omaha repeated the feat. Sir Barton was honored retroactively. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes, the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions, the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes; the date of each event is now set by the Kentucky Derby, always held on the first Saturday in May. The Preakness Stakes is held two weeks later; the earliest possible date for the Derby is May 1, the latest is May 7. In 1937, War Admiral became the fourth Triple Crown winner after winning the Belmont in a new track record time of 2:28 3/5. In the 1940s, four Triple Crown winners followed: Whirlaway in 1941, Count Fleet in 1943, Assault in 1946 and Citation in 1948.
Count Fleet won the race by a then-record margin of twenty-five lengths. He set a stakes record of 2:28 1/5, a record tied by Citation. In 1957, the stakes record was smashed when Gallant Man ran the Belmont in 2:26 3/5 in a year when the Triple Crown series was split three ways; the Belmont Stakes race was held at Aqueduct Racetrack from 1963 to 1967, while the track at Belmont was restored and renovated. The largest crowd of the 20th century was in 1971 with over 80,000 people, supplemented by the city's Latino community, there to cheer on their new hero, Cañonero II, the Venezuelan colt who had won the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and was poised to win the U. S. Triple Crown. However, due to a foot infection that had bothered the horse for several days, Cañonero II failed to win the Triple Crown when he struggled across the finish line in 4th place behind Pass Catcher, ridden by Walter Blum. Despite this loss, Cañonero II was named the winner of the first Eclipse Award for Outstanding Three-Year-Old Male Horse.
On June 9, 1973, Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes by thirty-one lengths in a record time of 2:24, becoming a Triple Crown champion, ending a 25-year gap between Citation, the Belmont and Triple Crown winner in 1948. Secretariat's record still stands as the fastest running of the Belmont Stakes and an American record for 1½ miles on the dirt. In 1977, Seattle Slew became the first horse to win the Triple Crown while undefeated. Affirmed was the last winner of the Triple Crown in the 20th century, taking the Belmont Stakes in 2:26 4/5 on June 10, 1978. Ridden by eighteen-year-old Steve Cauthen, Affirmed defeated rival Alydar with Jorge Velasquez in the saddle. At the time the race was the third-slowest start and the third-fastest finish with the quarter in 25, the half in 50, 3/4 in 1:14, the mile in 1:37 2/5. In 1988, Secretariat's son Risen Star won the Belmont in 2:26 2/5 the second-fastest time in the history of the race; the next year, Easy Goer lowered the mark for second-fastest time to 2:26.
Easy Goer holds a Beyer Speed Figure of 122 for the race, the best of any Triple Crown race since these ratings were first published in 1987. For three years in a row, horses came to the Belmont S
The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a Grade I race run over a distance of 9.5 furlongs on dirt. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds, it is the second jewel of the Triple Crown, held two weeks after the Kentucky Derby and two or three weeks before the Belmont Stakes. First run in 1873, the Preakness Stakes was named by a former Maryland governor after a winning colt at Pimlico; the race has been termed "The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans" because a blanket of yellow flowers altered to resemble Maryland's state flower is placed across the withers of the winning colt or filly. Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America among equestrian events, only surpassed by the Kentucky Derby; the 143rd running of the Preakness Stakes took place on Saturday, May 19, 2018. Two years before the Kentucky Derby was run for the first time, Pimlico introduced its new stakes race for three-year-olds, the Preakness, during its first-ever spring race meet in 1873.
Maryland governor Oden Bowie named the mile and one-half race in honor of the colt Preakness from Milton Holbrook Sanford's Preakness Stud in Preakness, Wayne Township, New Jersey, who won the Dinner Party Stakes on the day Pimlico opened. The New Jersey name was said to have come from the Native American name Pra-qua-les for the area. After Preakness won the Dinner Party Stakes, his jockey, Billy Hayward, untied a silk bag of gold coins that hung from a wire stretched across the track from the judges' stand; this was the supposed way that the "wire" at the finish line was introduced and how the awarding of "purse" money came to be. In reality, the term "purse", meaning prize money, had been in use for well over a century; the first Preakness, held on May 27, 1873, drew seven starters. John Chamberlain's three-year-old, collected the $2,050 winning purse by galloping home by 10 lengths; this was the largest margin of victory until 2004. In 1890 Morris Park Racecourse in the Bronx, New York hosted the Preakness Stakes.
This race was run under handicap conditions, the age restriction was lifted. The race was won by a five-year-old horse named Montague. After 1890, there was no race run for three years. For the 15 years from 1894 through 1908, the race was held at Gravesend Race Track on Coney Island, New York. In 1909 it returned to Pimlico. Seven editions of the Preakness Stakes have been run under handicap conditions, in which more accomplished or favored horses are assigned to carry heavier weight, it was first run under these conditions in 1890 and again in the years 1910-1915. During these years, the race was known as the Preakness Handicap. In March 2009 Magna Entertainment Corp. which owns Pimlico, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy thus throwing open the possibility the Stakes could move again. On April 13, 2009, the Maryland Legislature approved a plan to buy the Stakes and the Pimlico course if Magna Entertainment cannot find a buyer. Attendance at the Preakness Stakes ranks second in North America and surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup and the Kentucky Oaks.
The attendance of the Preakness Stakes only trails the Kentucky Derby, for more information see American Thoroughbred Racing top Attended Events. In February 2017, the Maryland Stadium Authority released the first phase of a study saying that Pimlico needed $250 million in renovations; as of May 2017, no one showed interest in financing the work. The Stronach Group, owner of Pimlico Race Course and Laurel Park, was only interested in moving the Preakness Stakes to Laurel Park unless someone else financed work on Pimlico; the Preakness is the second leg in American thoroughbred racing's Triple Crown series and always attracts the Kentucky Derby winner, some of the other horses that ran in the Derby, a few horses that did not start in the Derby. The Preakness is 1 3⁄16 miles, or 9 1⁄2 furlongs, compared to the Kentucky Derby, 1 1⁄4 miles / 10 furlongs, it is followed by the third leg, the Belmont Stakes, 1 1⁄2 miles / 12 furlongs. Since 1932, the order of Triple Crown races has the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes.
Prior to 1932, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917, again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. Today, the Preakness is run on the third Saturday in May, two weeks after the Kentucky Derby, three weeks before the Belmont Stakes; the race is run no earlier than May 15, no than May 21. Just after the horses for the Preakness are called to the post, the audience is invited to sing "Maryland, My Maryland", the official state song of Maryland. Traditionally, the Baltimore Colts' Marching Band led the song from the infield. Today, the United States Naval Academy Glee Club leads the song; as soon as the Preakness winner has been declared official, a painter climbs a ladder to the top of a replica of the Old Clubhouse cupola. The colors of the victorious owner's silks are applied on the jockey and horse that are part of the weather vane atop the infield structure; the practice began in 1909 when a horse and rider weather vane sat atop the old Members' Clubhouse, constructed when Pimlico opened in 1870.
The Victorian building was destroyed by fire in June 1966. A replica of the old building's cupola was built to stand in the Preakness winner's circle in the infield. A blanket of yellow flowers daubed with black lacquer to recreate the appearance of a black-eyed Susan is pla
Rosehill Gardens Racecourse
The Rosehill Gardens Racecourse is located in the Western Sydney suburb of Rosehill, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It operated by the Australian Turf Club. Rosehill holds horse races for thoroughbred gallopers on a grass surface, it is one of the two premier racecourses in the other one being Randwick Racecourse. One of the main events held at Rosehill is the Golden Slipper race for two-year-olds; the track has a circumference of 2,048 metres with a home straight of 408 metres. The racecourse is served by trains on the Carlingford line stopping at Rosehill station. John Bennett purchased a large section of Rosehill to construct a recreation area. Construction started in 1883 and was completed in April 1885 for a grand total of £12,000. Bennett constructed a private railway line connecting the racecourse to the main line located at Clyde which opened on 17 November 1888. From 1943 Rosehill Gardens Racecourse was managed by the Sydney Turf Club and remained so until 2011 when the Sydney Turf Club and Australian Jockey Club combined to become the Australian Turf Club.
The Australian Turf Club are the current operators of Rosehill Gardens Racecourse. The following is a list of Group races. Australian Turf Club - Rosehill
Amounis was an Australian Thoroughbred Hall of Fame racehorse. He won 33 races over distances ranging from 6 to 12 furlongs. Of these wins, 27 were in "Principal Races", 16 of these races have since been promoted to Group One status. In winning the AJC Epsom Handicap he established a new Australasian record time, he was a brown gelding bred by Percy Miller and foaled in 1922 at his Kia Ora Stud, New South Wales. Amounis was by the outstanding racehorse and sire, his dam Loved One was a good racehorse and broodmare by Duke of Melton. Loved One produced 14 foals, of which 8 raced and 5 of these were winners. Amounis was sold as a yearling to a Sydney trainer, J. W. Cook, he started twice without success. During a spell while he was recuperating from a leg injury he was gelded. Amounis developed into a good type of three-year-old and was sold to Paddy Wade for 2,500 guineas. Wade raced him for a short season when he ran fourth to Manfred in the AJC and Victorian Derbies. Amounis was sold again; this time he was purchased by Frank McGrath on behalf of William Pearson for 1,800 guineas.
As a three-year-old in 1925-26 he started 13 times for 6 wins including the AJC Hobartville Stakes and Rosehill Guineas. As a four-year-old in 1926-27 he started 12 times for 6 wins including the Epsom Handicap, VRC Cantala Stakes, Chipping Norton Stakes, WS Cox Plate and 1926 Linlithgow Stakes; as a five-year-old in 1927-28 he started 19 times for 3 weight for age race wins, including the WS Cox Plate and 1927 VRC Linlithgow Stakes. As a six-year-old in 1928-29 he started eight times for four wins including the Craven Plate, AJC Epsom Handicap, Tatt's NSW Tramway Handicap and WmtnRC Williamstown Cup. Amounis had to compete as a seven and eight-year-old, against Phar Lap in great form, as a three- and four-year-old; as a seven-year-old in 1929-30 Amounis started 16 times for 10 wins including the CPRC Canterbury Stakes, VRC CB Fisher Plate, VRC Cantala Stakes, VRC Linlithgow Stakes, Rosehill Stakes, VATC Futurity Stakes, VATC St George Stakes, 1930 VRC C. M. Lloyd Stakes, VRC Essendon Stakes and 1930 AJC All-Aged Stakes.
As an eight-year-old in 1930-31 he started eight times for four wins including the 1930 Warwick Stakes, VATC Caulfield Cup, carrying 9 st 8 lbs, VATC Caulfield Stakes and VRC October Stakes. In the 1930 Warwick Stakes, he defeated Phar Lap by a short head to deprive Phar Lap of 24 successive victories. Before this race, Phar Lap had won nine consecutive races. Phar Lap went on to score another 14 consecutive wins. At the end of his six-year-old days, he had 19 wins including the Cox Plate but Amounis came back better than for his next two seasons; as a seven-year-old, he won nine races, finishing no worse than third on just one occasion in 16 starts. At nine years: 1931-32 Did not race Glossary of Australian and New Zealand punting The Virtual FormGuide Australian Museum and Racing Hall of Fame: Amounis Thoroughbred Village
Phar Lap was a champion Thoroughbred racehorse whose achievements captured the Australian public's imagination during the early years of the Great Depression. Foaled in New Zealand, he raced in Australia by Harry Telford. Phar Lap dominated Australian racing during a distinguished career, winning a Melbourne Cup, two Cox Plates, an AJC Derby, 19 other weight for age races, he won the Agua Caliente Handicap in Tijuana, Mexico, in track-record time in his final race. After a sudden and mysterious illness, Phar Lap died in 1932 in California. At the time, he was the third highest stakes-winner in the world, his mounted hide is displayed at the Melbourne Museum, his skeleton at Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and his heart is on display at the National Museum of Australia, Canberra. The name Phar Lap derives from the common Zhuang and Thai word for lightning: ฟ้าแลบ, literally'sky flash'. Phar Lap was called the "Wonder Horse", "Red Terror", "Bobby" and "Big Red", he was sometimes referred to as "Australia's wonder horse".
According to the Museum of Victoria, Aubrey Ping, a medical student at the University of Sydney, suggested "farlap" as the horse's name. Ping knew the word from a Zhuang-speaking Chinese immigrant. Telford liked the name, but changed the F to PH to create a seven letter word, split in two in keeping with the dominant naming pattern of Melbourne Cup winners. A chestnut gelding, Phar Lap was foaled on 4 October 1926 in Seadown near Timaru in the South Island of New Zealand, he was sired by Night Raid from Entreaty by Winkie. He was by the same sire as the Melbourne Cup winner Nightmarch. Phar Lap was a brother to seven other horses, Fortune's Wheel, Nea Lap, All Clear, Friday Night, Te Uira and Raphis, none of which won a principal race, he was a half-brother to another four horses. Sydney trainer Harry Telford persuaded American businessman David J. Davis to buy the colt at auction, based on his pedigree. Telford's brother Hugh, who lived in New Zealand, was asked to bid up to 190 guineas at the 1928 Trentham Yearling Sales.
When the horse was obtained for a mere 160 guineas, he thought it was a great bargain until the colt arrived in Australia. The horse was gangly, his face was covered with warts, he had an awkward gait. Davis was furious when he saw the colt as well, refused to pay to train the horse. Telford had not been successful as a trainer, Davis was one of his few remaining owners. To placate Davis, he agreed to train the horse for nothing, in exchange for a two-thirds share of any winnings. Telford leased the horse for three years and was sold joint ownership by Davis. Although standing a winning racehorse at stud could be quite lucrative, Telford gelded Phar Lap anyway, hoping the colt would concentrate on racing. Phar Lap did not place in his next three races, he won his first race on 27 April 1929, the Maiden Juvenile Handicap at Rosehill, ridden by Jack Baker of Armidale, a 17-year-old apprentice. He didn't race for several months but was entered in a series of races, in which he moved up in class. Phar Lap took second in the Chelmsford Stakes at Randwick on 14 September 1929 and the racing community started treating him with respect.
He won the Rosehill Guineas by three lengths on 21 September ridden by James L. Munro; as his achievements grew, there were some. Criminals tried to shoot Phar Lap on the morning of Saturday 1 November 1930 after he had finished track work, they missed, that day he won the Melbourne Stakes, three days the Melbourne Cup as odds-on favourite at 8 to 11. In the four years of his racing career, Phar Lap won 37 of 51 races he entered, including the Melbourne Cup, being ridden by Jim Pike, in 1930 with 9 st 12 lb. In that year and 1931, he won 14 races in a row. From his win as a three-year-old in the VRC St. Leger Stakes until his final race in Mexico, Phar Lap won 32 of 35 races. In the three races that he did not win, he ran second on two occasions, beaten by a short head and a neck, in the 1931 Melbourne Cup he finished eighth when carrying 10 st 10 lb. Phar Lap at the time was owned by American businessman David J. Davis and leased to Telford. After their three-year lease agreement ended, Telford had enough money to become joint owner of the horse.
Davis had Phar Lap shipped to North America to race. Telford did not agree with this decision and refused to go, so Davis, who along with his wife traveled to Mexico with him, brought Phar Lap's strapper Tommy Woodcock as his new trainer. Phar Lap was shipped by boat to Agua Caliente Racetrack near Tijuana, Mexico, to compete in the Agua Caliente Handicap, offering the largest prize money offered in North America racing. Phar Lap won in track-record time; the horse was ridden by Australian jockey Billy Elliot for his seventh win from seven rides. From there, the horse was sent to a private ranch near Menlo Park, while his owner negotiated with racetrack officials for special race appearances. Early on 5 April 1932, the horse's strapper for the North American visit, Tommy Woodcock, found him in severe pain and with a high temperature. Within a few hours, Phar Lap haemorrhaged to death. An autopsy revealed that the horse's stomach and intestines were inflamed, leading many to believe the horse had been deliberately poisoned.
There have been alternative theories, including accidental poisoning from lead insecticide and a stomach condi
High Caste was a Thoroughbred racehorse and stallion, bred in New Zealand and was considered the best two-year-old in New Zealand after winning three of his four race starts. He was a good racehorse under handicap and weight for age conditions and combined this with wins in good races from 5 furlongs to 1 3⁄4 miles, carrying up to 10 stone 6 pounds, he was by the good racehorse and sire, his dam, The Begum was by the outstanding sire, Chief Ruler. High Caste was a brother to the stakes race winners and Nizam and a half brother to the stakes winner, Stretto by Hunting Song, he traced in the tenth generation to Cornelia, imported with her dam, Manto into Australia in 1825. They are from family 18. High Caste was colloquially known as the ‘Strawberry Bull’ because of a distinct grey fleck through his rich red bay coat. Racing in New Zealand High Caste won three of his first four race starts including the 1938 Auckland Racing Club Great Northern Foal Stakes and ARC Royal Stakes, he was subsequently sold for 7,000 guineas, to the meat baron, Harry Tancred and was shipped over to Melbourne to race in Australia.
In Australia, High Caste won at his first three race starts for his new owner, including the 1939 Group One Ascot Vale Stakes, VRC Sires Produce Stakes plus the Champagne Stakes. He was defeated in the Fairfield Handicap before placing second in the G1, AJC Sires Produce Stakes. High Caste had ten starts as a two-year-old for one second and a third placing, he was acclaimed to be the best two-year-old on both sides of the Tasman Sea. After returning from a spell High Caste won the G2 Hobartville Stakes, was unplaced in the Chelmsford Stakes before winning the G1 Rosehill Guineas and placing second to Reading in the AJC Derby, he won Craven Plate, AJC Clibborn Stakes, Caulfield Guineas and Caulfield Stakes before he was unplaced in the G1 W S Cox Plate. High Caste placed second in the Victoria Derby before he dead-heated with Manrico in the Linlithgow Stakes before winning the CB Fisher Plate two days later. In the autumn of 1940 High Caste won the Challenge Stakes in Sydney before travelling to Melbourne for wins in the C F Orr Stakes and St George Stakes.
High Caste finished second in three other stakes races in Melbourne before he returned to Sydney where he was unplaced in the AJC Doncaster Handicap before he finished second to the outstanding, Ajax in the AJC All Aged Stakes. High Caste had 21 starts as a 3yo for 6 seconds and 1 third placing. At his first four-year-old start High Caste won the Victoria Park Flying Handicap in Sydney before placing third in the Canterbury Stakes. High Caste won the Hawkesbury Clarendon Handicap and won the AJC Epsom Handicap carrying 9 stone 5 pounds in a new race record time. After finishing second in the wfa Craven Plate High Caste went to Melbourne where he won the Caulfield Stakes from Ajax by a ¾ length and equalled the course record. After a fourth in the Caulfield Cup High Caste ran second in the LKS Mackinnon Stakes on the Saturday before he dead heated with St Constant in the Yan Yean Stakes on Melbourne Cup Tuesday winning the G2 Linlithgow Stakes, for the second time, on VRC Oaks day. High Caste won the CB Fisher Plate for the second time on the Saturday.
Following a second placing in the Williamstown Cup High Caste was spelled. In the autumn of 1941 High Caste defeated Zonda to win the VATC Futurity Stakes carrying 10 stone 6 pounds. After a fourth placing in the VRC Newmarket Handicap carrying 10 st 2 lb High Caste won the 14 furlong Kings Plate five days later. Two days he was successful in the CM Lloyd Stakes, atoning for his defeat in this race the previous year. Taken to Sydney he had four more starts for 1 third before he was spelled. High Caste won the AJC Warwick Stakes first up after his spell, followed by two seconds and a win in the Rosehill Hill Stakes, he finished second in the AJC Epsom Handicap before placing third in the Craven Plate and the Caulfield Stakes. After an unplaced run in the Cantala Stakes High Caste returned to form taking out the Linlithgow and CB Fisher Plate double for the third successive year. A spell followed before High Caste resumed racing in Sydney with a win in the Challenge Stakes a dead heat with Mildura in the AJC Australia Day Handicap.
Back in Melbourne High Caste won the St George Stakes for his fifth consecutive win. In his next two starts in Melbourne he was unplaced before he returned to Sydney where he could only manage a fourth in the Doncaster Handicap and a third in the wfa All Aged Plate. High Caste had 72 starts and won 35 races, 19 seconds, 7 thirds and was unplaced in 11 races for £35,547 in prize money, he was purchased as a five-year-old by Lionel Israel to stand at his Segenhoe Stud at Scone, New South Wales. He stood at T. L. Flynn’s Oakleigh Stud, New South Wales. High Caste's progeny commenced racing in the 1945-6 season, he did not sire a horse of his own ability, but still sired 9 stakes-winners that had 13 stakes-wins between them, plus many other winners in all states. His stakes winning progeny were: High Jip. Exported to USA. High Nymph High Sense Highlea Miss High Caste Prince Aly Prince Kerdeil Sir Pilot Swinside
Australian Turf Club
Australian Turf Club owns and operates thoroughbred racing and hospitality venues across Sydney, Australia. The ATC came into being on 7 February 2011 when the Australian Jockey Club and the Sydney Turf Club merged; the ATC operates out of their offices at Randwick Racecourse and employs 250 full-time staff and over 1,000 casual staff across the five venues. The venues include Royal Randwick, Rosehill Gardens, Canterbury Park, Warwick Farm and the Rosehill Bowling Club; the Australian Jockey Club was founded in January 1842. It morphed from the former Australian Racing Committee set up in May 1840 to set the standards for racing in the colony. Races were held at the newly established Homebush Course, headquarters of NSW racing until 1860; the AJC was considered the senior racing club in Australia and was responsible for founding the Australian Stud Book, which the combined club still oversees today. The club in conjunction with the Victoria Racing Club, formulated the Rules of Racing that are followed by all Australian race clubs.
The Sydney Turf Club was the youngest of Australia's principal race clubs. It was formed following an Act passed by the New South Wales parliament called the Sydney Turf Club Act; the Act had taken 40 years to draft and gave the club the power to hold 62 race meetings a year at the tracks and empowered it to wind up other proprietary clubs that still existed in the Sydney area through a special Racing Compensation Fund. Both the Australian Jockey Club and the Sydney Turf Club had co-existed as independent bodies since the early 1940s. However, the first push for a merger came at the start of the century, with STC chairman Graeme Pash opening up the possibility of a merger during his tenure. Mentioned in jest by Sydney Morning Herald journalist Craig Young in 2003, the first real push for a merger came with the release of a report by Ernst and Young in June 2009 which recommended that a merger would save the New South Wales racing industry from collapse; the NSW Government pledged $174 million for Sydney racing if the merger went ahead, including a major revitalisation of Randwick racecourse.
The move for a merger was controversial, with members of both clubs hesitant to lose their respective identities. While AJC members voted in favour of a merger, STC members voted against a merger; the board of the STC decided to proceed with a merger. The Australian Jockey and Sydney Turf Clubs Merger Act 2010 merged the two clubs under the name of the Australian Turf Club. Five venues are operated by the ATC: Royal Randwick Racecourse Rosehill Gardens Racecourse Canterbury Park Racecourse Warwick Farm Racecourse Rosehill Bowling Club The Everest Golden Slipper Stakes Rosehill Guineas Canterbury Guineas Sydney Cup Australian Derby Epsom Handicap Doncaster Handicap The Galaxy All Aged Stakes Chipping Norton Stakes Australian Turf Club's Autumn Carnival includes the Longines Golden Slipper Carnival at Rosehill Gardens, followed by race days at Royal Randwick that include Derby Day, Longines Queen Elizabeth Stakes Day and Schweppes All Aged Stakes Day; the Spring features the worlds richest race on turf, $14m The Everest, run in October over 1200m at Royal Randwick.
In 2008 the Autumn Carnival was delayed by four weeks due to the 2007 Australian equine influenza outbreak. Australian Turf Club website Australian Turf Club Rosehill Gardens Royal Randwick Sydney Carnival