Tooma, New South Wales
Tooma is a village community in the eastern part of the Riverina and situated about 11 kilometres east of Welaregang and 34 kilometres south of Tumbarumba. Tooma is in the valley of the Tooma River, not far from its confluence with the Murray River. Tooma Post Office opened on 1 January 1873. Snowy Mountains Scheme Tooma River Tooma Dam Media related to Tooma, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Palinyewah is a locality in New South Wales, located 47 km north-east of Wentworth, New South Wales. The area is devoted to citrus fruit production; the Palinyewah Public School opened in May, 1954. Media related to Palinyewah at Wikimedia Commons
Electoral district of Albury
Albury is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is held by Justin Clancy of the Liberal Party. Albury is a regional electorate in the state's south, it encompasses the local government areas of the City of Albury, Greater Hume Shire, Federation Council, part of Murrumbidgee Council, part of Snowy Valleys Council that includes the town of Cabramurra. Its significant population centres include Albury, Jindera, Howlong, Holbrook and Tumbarumba. Albury is named after the city of Albury. In 1920, Wagga Wagga, Corowa were absorbed into Murray, four members were elected under proportional representation. At the end of proportional representation in 1927, Albury was recreated. Albury has been considered as a heartland seat for the conservative parties; the Liberal Party and its predecessors have held the seat for all of its history. While there have been several instances of the Labor Party breaking the conservative hold on the seat, these have been short-lived and have occurred only at the peak of a popular government.
For instance, former Albury mayor Harold Mair won the seat for Labor in 1978 and held it for a decade. However, Mair's name recognition in the area was not enough to keep him from being swept out in the landslide Labor defeat of 1988. Liberal Ian Glachan, Mair's opponent in 1984 turned Albury into a safe seat in one stroke. Since Labor has never come close to retaking the seat. Labor candidates are fortunate to get much more than 30 percent of the primary vote; the Liberal hold on the seat has only been threatened once since when Glachan suffered a 16-point swing and bested independent Claire Douglas by only 687 votes. At that election, Labor was pushed into third place; the seat reverted to form in 2003 upon Glachan's retirement. His successor, Greg Aplin, won 61.5 percent of the two-party vote, Labor was pushed to fourth place on the primary vote behind Aplin and two independents
Mannus, New South Wales
Mannus is a small rural community in the south east part of the Riverina. It is 11 kilometres east from Munderoo. Mannus is the home to the Mannus Correctional Centre situated on Linden Roth Drive; the centre provides minimum-security incarceration for 164 full-time male prisoners. There is a periodic detention centre for both males and females nearby and these detainees undertake community projects on weekends. Other than the Correctional Centre the only public establishments in the area are the remote telephone exchange and the Mannus Campsite including Mannus Lake — both of which are linked to the Hume & Hovell Walking Track, part of the National Trust. Note that these campsites are only suitable for small tents and there are limited sites. In October 2010 Mannus Lake was inundated with water run-off after days of rain; the dam wall had 600 millimetres of water over the top, 3 metres above the spillway. About one third of the wall was washed away early on Saturday 16 October 2010, it does not appear to have been repaired as of 2 January 2011.
Media related to Mannus, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Tumut is a town in the Riverina region of New South Wales, situated on the banks of the Tumut River. Tumut sits on the north-west foothills of the Snowy Mountains and is located in the traditional lands of the Wiradjuri and Ngunnawal aboriginal peoples. Tumut is referred to as the'gateway to the snowy' Snowy Mountains Scheme; the former Tumut Shire was administered from offices located in the town. Tumut is 410 kilometres south-west of Sydney and 525 kilometres north-east of Melbourne. Tumut is home to a number of historic buildings, including an Anglican church designed by Edmund Blacket and a Courthouse designed by James Barnet. Many of the pubs in the town have been in use from the mid to late 1800s. Early settlers established a large number of European deciduous trees throughout the area; the stand of Poplars and Willow, amongst others, create a well renowned display of colour over autumn. Tumut celebrates this with the yearly Festival of the Falling Leaf; the word Tumut is derived from a Wiradjuri indigenous word for the area doo-maaht or doormat, meaning "a quiet resting place by the river".
The area's rivers may have been the boundaries or connection-points of the three traditional owners linked to this'country'. During summertime, the high country was a meeting place for tribes, with Bogong moths being an abundant food source in the warmer months. British pastoralists began acquiring land in the area during the 1830s. In 1840, Tumut was chosen as the headquarters for the section of the paramilitary Border Police based in the Murrumbidgee District; this force aided the colonists suppress both Aboriginal resistance and the raids of bushrangers, was under the command of the local Commissioner of Crown Lands in Henry Bingham. In 1845, a Court of Petty Sessions was established at Tumut with Frederick Walker appointed as the inaugural magistrate. Walker became famous as the first commandant of the brutal Native Police force based in Queensland. Tumut Post Office opened 1 January 1849. A public hospital opened in the town in 1900. After many years of lobbying by the local community, construction of the railway line from Gundagai began in 1901, reaching Tumut by 1903 with the first train arriving on 2 December that year.
A further extension was built to Batlow and Kunama from a junction at Gilmore, a few kilometres southwest of Tumut. Train services were progressively reduced in the early 1980s before the final trains to Cootamundra ran in January 1984 before being suspended when flood damage to the line was deemed not economical to repair. Tumut was one of the ten areas short-listed in 1908 as a site for the Australian Capital Territory. Other locations that were short-listed include Albury, Bombala, Lake George, Tooma and Yass-Canberra. An earlier vote following inspections of potential sites in 1902 saw the new Federal House of Representatives vote in favour of Tumut as the location for the capital, however the Senate favoured Bombala so no consensus was reached; the town's rugby league team competed in the Riverina Maher Cup competition, beginning as a fixture between teams from Gundagai and Tumut under rugby union rules in 1920, before switching to league rules in 1921. Tumut has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Adelong Falls Gold Workings Cootamundra-Tumut railway: Tumut railway station 46 Russell Street: Montreal Community Theatre Tumut Plains Road: Junction Bridge, Tumut82-84 Wynyard Street: Tumut Post Office Tumut is the centre of a softwood industry based on plantation Pinus radiata.
CarterHoltHarvey Woodproducts Pty Ltd operate a major sawmill on Adelong Road and a chipboard panel factory next door. 8 km further west on the Snowy Mountains Highway at Gilmore the company operates a sawlog processing plant. The Visy pulp and paper mill is located north of the Snowy Mountains Highway at Gadara; the Visy mill is the only paper mill owned by Visy that makes paper from wood, is one of the biggest wood mills in Australia. Tumut is situated on the Snowy Mountains Highway, but is connected by secondary roads to Gundagai as well as alternative routes to Canberra across the Brindabella Range via Brindabella Road and Wee Jasper Road. Despite being more direct, the terrain and road conditions limit traffic via these routes; this has led to calls by the council and local businesses for funding to upgrade the Brindabella Road, as the increased traffic would provide the town greater economic opportunities. The town was served by a railway branch line from Cootamundra, which operated from 1903 until 1984, when services were suspended due to flooding.
Although the line is not formally closed, it is unlikely to see service again with sections of track lifted during upgrades to the Hume Highway near Gundagai. Tumut Shire operates Tumut Airport, a small facility located a few kilometres out of town catering to general aviation. There are no scheduled services to the airport; the Tumut Blues compete in the Group 9 Rugby League competition, winning premierships in 1949, 1973, 2007, 2008 and 2010. Ray Beavan – rugby league player Allan Butler – paralympian Kim Carr – is an Australian politician, a Senator for Victoria and former Minister of several departments Reg Downing – Attorney General of New South Wales Cate Fowler AM – theatre producer, dramaturg David Johnson – former CEO of Campbell Soup Company Tom Kirk – rugby league player Tony McRae – Member and Minister in Western Australian Parliament Timothy Myers – professional skier / event director / ACS cinematographer John Cross – Victoria Cross recipient Sally Shipard – former international soccer pl
Lacmalac, New South Wales
Lacmalac is a rural community in the central east part of the Riverina. It is situated by road, about 9 kilometres east of Tumut and 19 kilometres south east of Gocup
A post office is a public department that provides a customer service to the public and handles their mail needs. Post offices offer mail-related services such as acceptance of parcels. In addition, many post offices offer additional services: providing and accepting government forms, processing government services and fees, banking services; the chief administrator of a post office is called a postmaster. Prior to the advent of postal and ZIP codes, postal systems would route items to a specific post office for receipt or delivery. During the nineteenth-century, in the United States, this led to smaller communities being renamed after their post offices; the term "Post-Office" has been in use since the 1650's, shortly after the legalization of private mail services in England in 1635. In early Modern England, post riders – mounted couriers – were placed every few hours along post roads at posting houses known as post houses, between major cities; these stables or inns permitted important correspondence to travel without delay.
In early America, post offices were known as "stations". This term and "post house" fell from use as horse and coach service was replaced by railways and automobiles. Today, the term "Post Office" refers to postal facilities providing customer service; the term "General Post Office" is sometimes used for the national headquarters of a postal service if it does not provide customer service within the building. A postal facility, used for processing mail is instead known as sorting office or delivery office, which may have a large central area known as a "sorting" or "postal hall". Integrated facilities combining mail processing with railway stations or airports are known as mail exchanges. There is evidence of corps of royal couriers disseminating the decrees of the Egyptian pharaohs as early as 2,400 BC and the service may precede that date. Organized systems of post houses providing swift mounted courier service seems quite ancient, although sources vary as to who initiated the practice. By the time of the Persian Empire, a system of Chapar-Khaneh existed along the Royal Road.
The 2nd-Century BC Mauryan and Han dynasties established similar systems in China. Suetonius credited Augustus with regularizing the Cursus Publicus. Local officials were obliged to provide couriers who would be responsible for their message's entire course. Locally maintained post houses owned rest houses were obliged or honored to care for them along their way. Diocletian established two parallel systems: one providing fresh horses or mules for urgent correspondence and another providing sturdy oxen for bulk shipments. Procopius, though not unbiased, records that this system remained intact until it was dismantled in the surviving empire by Justinian in the 6th Century; the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis family initiated regular mail service from Brussels in the 16th century, directing the Imperial Post of the Holy Roman Empire. The British Postal Museum claims that the oldest functioning post office in the world is on High Street in Sanquhar, Scotland; this post office has functioned continuously since 1712, an era in which horses and stage coaches were used to carry mail.
In parts of Europe, special postal censorship offices censor mail. In France, such offices were known as cabinets noirs. In many jurisdictions, mail boxes and post office boxes have long been in widespread use for drop-off and pickup of mail and small packages outside post offices or when offices are closed. Deutsche Post introduced the Pack-Station for package delivery in 2001. In the 2000s, the United States Postal Service began to install Automated Postal Centers in many locations both in post offices and in retail locations. APCs can accept mail and small packages. General Post Office Dublin, headquarters of the Irish post and headquarters of the 1916 Easter Uprising First Toronto Post Office General Post Office, erected on the site of the Black Hole of Calcutta General Post Office in Chennai, India General Post Office in Lahore, Pakistan General Post Office, the headquarters of the Sri Lankan Post General Post Office, headquarters of the Croatian post Istanbul Main Post Office, home of the Istanbul Postal Museum James Farley Post Office, America's largest operating post office, the main office for New York City.
It bears the famous translation of Herodotus's description of the Persian postal system along its front facade: "Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds". General Post Office, the main post office of Mumbai and one of the world's largest Polish Post Office, the scene of intense fighting during the 1939 German invasion of Danzig General Post Office Building, former headquarters of the Chunghwa Post and present home of the Shanghai Postal Museum Manila Central Post Office Taipei Post Office, the headquarters of Taiwan Post General Post Office, the headquarters of Hongkong Post Bandinelli Palace, a former post office in Lviv in the Ukraine General Post Office, the city's first "all-marbl