The Via Regia, running from the Rhine river through Frankfurt am Main and Leipzig is a European Cultural Route following the route of the historic road of the Middle Ages. There were many such via regia associated with the king in the medieval Holy Roman Empire, such as the King's road from Menzlin to Wismar - but the subject of this article is the best‑known; the Via Regia ran west–east through the centre of the Holy Roman Empire, from the Rhine at Mainz-Kastel to Frankfurt am Main, trade city and site of the election of the King of the Romans, continuing along Hanau, the Kaiserpfalz at Gelnhausen, the towns of Steinau an der Straße, Neuhof and Eisenach to Erfurt, a centre of woad production. It ran further eastwards to Eckartsberga, crossing the Saale river between Bad Kösen and Naumburg and reached Leipzig, another trade city; the eastern part continued through Upper Lusatia along Großenhain, Königsbrück, Bautzen and Görlitz to Wrocław in Silesia with further connection to Kraków in Poland.
The road was first mentioned as strata regia in a document issued by Margrave Henry III of Meissen in 1252, while its origins date back to the 8th and 9th centuries. After the downfall of the Imperial power in Central Germany in favour of the Saxon House of Wettin following the 1307 Battle of Lucka, the road lost its royal status and from the 14th century this route could no longer be spoken of as a "Via Regia"; the important section of the road between Frankfurt and Leipzig continued to exist under the name Hohe Straße. It remained under sovereign control of e.g. the Bohemian Crown in Upper Lusatia, the Saxon electors, the Abbey of Fulda, as well as the Archbishopric of Mainz and was chartered through tolling. The branch-off from Frankfurt am Main to Cologne via Wetzlar was called Hohe Straße; the road had a large economic significance for interregional bartering. From the west came Flemish blankets, from the east wood, pelts and honey, the middle section controlled the German indigo of the Thuringian Basin as well as the mining products of the Saxon Ore Mountains.
The High Road provided the direct route between the largest German trade fairs of Frankfurt and Leipzig. Pilgrims, who took part in the Aachen Cathedral shrine pilgrimage used the road in large numbers. Thereto they turned off the trunk road at Eisenach along the "Long Hesse" road to Marburg and Cologne. Testimonies of the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela are known from Großenhain, Erfurt, Vacha, Frankfurt am Main and Mainz; the road was used by armies. Some large battles came to pass in its catchment area. After the final defeat of Napoleon, the significance of the road declined, since, as a result of the reduction of the Kingdom of Saxony by large parts of its Lusatian territories at the Congress of Vienna, the toll on behalf of Leipzig was no longer continued. Parts of the historic Via Regia route are today marked by major national roads: between Eisenach and Erfurt by the Bundesstraße 7. In Hanau the Birkenhainer Strasse branches off the Via Regia crossing the Spessart mountain range towards Gemünden am Main in Franconia as a high road.
The Council of Europe awarded the Via Regia the title of Major Cultural Route of the "Council of Europe” in 2005. According to the Council of Europe, it "is the name of the oldest and longest road link between the East and the West of Europe; the route has existed for more than 2.000 years and connects 8 European countries through a length of 4.500 km." Ludwig Steinfeld: Chronik einer Straße. Die alte Straße von Frankfurt nach Leipzig. Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1994, ISBN 3-89264-360-1 El Camino Real Dere Street, Scotland's Via Regia Roman roads VIA REGIA - Cultural Route of the Council of Europe Third Saxon State Exhibition „via regia — 800 years of movement and mobility” May 21st to October 31st 2011 in Görlitz The Official Site of Radomysl Castle - the participant of the project "VIA REGIA Cultural Route of the Council of Europe"
Roskilde, located 30 km west of Copenhagen on the Danish island of Zealand, is the main city in Roskilde Municipality. With a population of 50,046, the city is a business and educational centre for the region and the 10th largest city in Denmark. Roskilde is governed by the administrative council of Roskilde Municipality. Roskilde has a long history, dating from the pre-Christian Viking Age, its UNESCO-listed Gothic cathedral, now housing 39 tombs of the Danish monarchs, was completed in 1275, becoming a focus of religious influence until the Reformation. With the development of the rail network in the 19th century, Roskilde became an important hub for traffic with Copenhagen, by the end of the century, there were tobacco factories, iron foundries and machine shops. Among the largest private sector employers today are the IT firm BEC and GPI, specializing in plastics; the Risø research facility is becoming a major employer, extending interest in sustainable energy to the clean technology sphere.
The local university, founded in 1972, the historic Cathedral School, the Danish Meat Trade College, established in 1964, are educational institutions of note. Roskilde has a large local hospital, expanded and modernized since it was opened in 1855, it is now active in the research sphere. The Sankt Hans psychiatric hospital serves the Capital Region with specialized facilities for forensic psychiatry; the cathedral and the Viking Ship Museum, which contains the well-preserved remains of five 11th-century ships, attract more than 100,000 visitors annually. In addition to its internationally recognized tourist attractions and its annual rock festival, Roskilde is popular with shoppers thanks to its two centrally located pedestrian streets complete with restaurants, cafés, a variety of shops; the city is home to the FC Roskilde football club which play in the Danish 1st Division, the Roskilde Vikings RK rugby club, the rowing club, Roskilde Roklub. In the 1970s, the city benefited from the opening of the university and from the completion of the Holbæk Motorway connecting it to Copenhagen.
Roskilde has the oldest operational railway station in Denmark, with connections across Zealand as well as with Falster and Jutland. The local airport opened in 1973 serving light aircraft for business use and flight instruction. Among the city's notable citizens are Absalon, the bishop who founded Copenhagen in the 12th century, L. A. Ring, the symbolist painter who gained fame in the 1880s, the writer Lise Nørgaard who wrote the popular Danish TV series Matador in 1978 and the rower Thomas Ebert who became an Olympic gold medallist in 2004. Roskilde, which developed as the hub of the Viking land and sea trade routes over a thousand years ago, is one of Denmark's oldest cities. From the 11th century until 1443, it was the capital of Denmark. By the Middle Ages, with the support of kings and bishops, it had become one of the most important centres in Scandinavia; the Saxo Grammaticus and other early sources associate the name Roskilde with the legendary King Roar who lived there in the 6th century.
According to Adam of Bremen and the Saxo Grammaticus, Roskilde was founded in the 980s by Harald Bluetooth. On high ground above the harbour, he built a wooden church consecrated to the Holy Trinity as well as a royal residence nearby. Although no traces of these buildings have been discovered, in 1997 archaeologists found the remains of Viking ships in the Isefjord, the oldest of, dated to 1030. At the time, there were two churches in the area: St Jørgensbjerg, an early stone church, a wooden church discovered under today's St Ib's Church. Harald was buried in the wooden church. In 1020, King Canute elevated Roskilde to a bishopric. Absalon, the Danish bishop, had a brick church built on the site of Harald's church in 1170. Today's cathedral was completed in 1275 after five of Absalon's successors had contributed to its construction; as a result of Absalon's influence, many other churches were built in the vicinity, making Roskilde the most important town in Zealand. Coins were minted there from the 11th to the 14th century.
In 1150, Sweyn Grathe built a moat around the city. The Roskilde bishops owned large areas of land in the region including, from 1186, Havn on the Øresund which became Copenhagen. By the time of the Danish Reformation in 1536, there were 12 churches and five monasteries in the city, it is not clear when Roskilde became a market town but it was enjoying trading privileges under King Eric II who reigned from 1134 to 1137. These privileges were established when the Roskilde City Council granted market town status to other towns on Zealand on 15 June 1268. By that time, it was the largest and most important town in Denmark. In 1370, the city owned 2,600 farms throughout Zealand; the Reformation brought Roskilde's development to an abrupt stop. While the cathedral continued to be the preferred location for the entombment of the Danish monarchs, most of the other religious institutions disappeared. For the next three centuries, the city suffered a series of disasters including the effects of the Dano-Swedish War which terminated with the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, the plague in 1710 and 1711, a series of fires in 1730.
Conditions improved in 1835 when the city became the Assembly of the Estates of the Realm and in 1847 with the railway connecting Copenhagen and Roskilde. With the development of the rail network, Roskilde became an important hub for traffic with Copenhagen. In the 1870s and 1880s, the harbour was extended attracting industria
Vesterbrogade is the main shopping street of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The 1.5 km long street runs from the City Hall Square in the east to Pile Allé in Frederiksberg in the west where it turns into Roskildevej. On its way, it passes Copenhagen Central Station as well as the small triangular square Vesterbros Torv, it is one of the other being Nørrebrogade, Østerbrogade and Amagerbrogade. Vesterbroghade originates in the 12th-century country road that led in and out of Copenhagen's Western City Gate; the road passed Sankt Jørgens Bæk on its way to Valby and changed course. On 20 August 1624, Christian IV ordered that the road be cobbled, first to Vernedamsvej and all the way to Valby; the road was at this point called Alvejen ("The Public Road"= or Adelvejen but in 1650 the name was changed to Roskildegaden. Only buildings that could be burned down in the event of an enermy attack could be built outside the city's fortification ring and buildings along the road were therefore limited to a few inns and windmills until the middle of the 19th century when the city's old fortifications were decommissioned.
It is one of four such -bro streets. New buildings began to appear long the street in the 1850s; the Bing & Grøndahl porcelain manufactury opened on the street in 1853, In 1857, the Western City Gate was demolished and the road was widerned at the site which became known as Vesterports Hab. In 1866–67, Vesterbrogade was extended in a straight line from Tivoli to the Haymarket; the first section of the street, between the Vity Hall Square and the new Central Central Station, was laid out as a broad, tree-lined promenade. Among the buildings that were built along it, including Industriforeningen's new Exhibition Building from 1872 and National Scala from 1882. At the turn of the 20th century, Vesterbros Passage was the backbone in a westward expansion of Copenhagen's city centre. Most of the old buildings were replaced by larger ones over the course of the next decades. Industriens Hus is the headquarters of the Confederation of Danish Industries. An expansion and complete make-over of the building was completed in 2013.
Next to the building is the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens. Saxo Towers, a mixed-use complex consisting of four interconnected cylinders, is under construction on the other side of the street. Axelborg a bank building, now contains the headquarters of the Danish Agriculture and Food Council; the former SAS Royal Hotel, now operated by Radison Blu, was designed by Arne Jacobsen. His Egg and Swan chairs were designed for the building. AArbejdernes Landsbank has their headquarters in the so-called Panoptikon Building at No. 5. The small Savoy Hotel known as Løvenborg, is one of the earliest examples of the art nouveau style in Copenhagen; the building was designed by Anton Rosen who a few years also designed the two buildings that flank thDet Ny Teater in the same style. The Association of Danish Law Firms is based at No. 32. The Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society's former main building at No. 59 is from 1780s. It now houses the Museum of Copenhagen. A passageway in No. 65-67 opens the street Westend.
The former Vesterbro Pharmacy was built in 1853 to design by P. C. Hagemann, it comprises two buildings in the courtyard from 1883. One of them, a former laboratory building, now contains the cocktail bar Lidkoeb. Sorte Hest is the only surviving inn of the "four horses"; the building is from 1771. The buildings at No. 144 is the former Tvedes Bryggeri, a brewery founded in 1852. The two buildings facing the street are from the 1880s and were listed in 1980 while the production buildings to the rear are not listed. Bing & Grøndal's former premises, now called Bing's, has been converted into an office complex, it has a total floor area of approzimately 35,000 square metres. It is owned by Aberdeen Asset Management and was most renovated in 2015; the Liberty Memorial dates from 1797 and commemorates the abolishment of "Stavnsbåndet". Ole Christensen's sculpture The Flower of Vesterbro from 1990 stands on the corner of Vesterbrogade and Helgolandsgade. Værnedamsvej Dannebrogsgade Source
Frederiksberg Palace is a Baroque residence, located in Frederiksberg, adjacent to the Copenhagen Zoo. It commands an impressive view over Frederiksberg Gardens designed as a palace garden in the Baroque style. Constructed and extended from 1699 to 1735, the palace served as the royal family’s summer residence until the mid-19th century. Since 1869, it has housed the Royal Danish Military Academy; as crown prince, Frederick IV had broadened his education by travelling in Europe. He was impressed by the architecture in Italy and, on his return to Denmark, asked his father, Christian V, for permission to build a summer palace on Solbjerg as the hill in Valby was known; the original building designed by Ernst Brandenburger, was completed in 1703 for Frederick IV as a small, one-storey summer residence. The first major extension, when it was converted into a three-storey H-shaped building, was completed in 1709 by Johan Conrad Ernst, giving the palace an Italian Baroque appearance, it was Lauritz de Thurah who executed the third and final extension from 1733 to 1738 when the palace received extensions to the lateral wings encircling the courtyard.
Frederick IV spent many happy years at the palace. In 1716, he received the Russian czar Peter the Great at Frederiksberg Palace and in 1721, shortly after the death of his first wife, Queen Louise, he married his mistress Anne Sophie Reventlow there. Christian VII, married to the English princess Caroline Matilda spent some time in the palace, their son, to become Frederick VI, loved the palace and lived there both as crown prince and as king. After Frederick VI's dowager wife Queen Marie died at the palace in March 1852, the building lay empty and fell into disrepair. In 1868, it was transferred to the War Ministry and the following year it became the Officers Academy; the building has twice undergone significant restoration work, first from 1927 to 1932 and from 1993 to 1998. During the construction of the original palace building, it was decided that there should be a chapel in the east wing; this explains why there is no indication of the chapel from the outside. It covers the space behind the six central windows on the ground floor.
Wilhelm Friedrich von Platen and Ernst Brandenburger designed the chapel in the Baroque style. It was inaugurated on 31 March 1710; when the palace was taken over by the Officers Academy, the chapel's furnishings, including the impressive pulpit, were transferred elsewhere. However, they can still be seen there today; the palace and the chapel can be visited. They contain imposing stucco work, ceiling paintings, an elegant marble bathroom with a secret access staircase, the Princesses' pancake kitchen. In 1854, British MP S. M. Peto gave an altar window to the King of Demark for the chapel. Since 1932, the chapel has been used as the local parish church; the palace overlooks Frederiksberg Gardens which dates back to the first palace in 1703. At that time, it was designed by H. H. Scheel with the assistance of garden architect J. C. Krieger as a symmetrical Baroque garden with waterfalls and rows of linden trees along the palace terrace. From 1795 to 1804, it was redesigned by Peter Pedersen as an English landscape garden with the winding paths, lakes and canals which can be seen today.
It was during this period that the Apis Temple were added. List of castles and palaces in Denmark Tourism in Denmark Media related to Frederiksberg Slot at Wikimedia Commons
Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218, it forms the core of the wider urban area of the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; the Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by road. A Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions and armed forces. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment; this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After further disasters in the early 19th century when Horatio Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture.
Following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing and businesses along the five urban railway routes stretching out from the city centre. Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure; the city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark. Copenhagen's economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks and waterfronts. Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle Gardens, Frederik's Church, many museums and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions.
The largest lake of Denmark, Arresø, lies around 27 miles northwest of the City Hall Square. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and the IT University of Copenhagen; the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC Brøndby football clubs; the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world; the Copenhagen Metro launched in 2002 serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train, the Lokaltog and the Coast Line network serves and connects central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs. To relieve traffic congestion, the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link road and rail construction is planned, because the narrow 9-9.5 mile isthmus between Roskilde Fjord and Køge Bugt forms a traffic bottleneck. The Copenhagen-Ringsted Line will relieve traffic congestion in the corridor between Roskilde and Copenhagen.
Serving two million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic countries. Copenhagen's name reflects its origin as a place of commerce; the original designation in Old Norse, from which Danish descends, was Kaupmannahǫfn, meaning "merchants' harbour". By the time Old Danish was spoken, the capital was called Køpmannæhafn, with the current name deriving from centuries of subsequent regular sound change. An exact English equivalent would be "chapman's haven". However, the English term for the city was adapted from Kopenhagen. Although the earliest historical records of Copenhagen are from the end of the 12th century, recent archaeological finds in connection with work on the city's metropolitan rail system revealed the remains of a large merchant's mansion near today's Kongens Nytorv from c. 1020. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century; the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen.
These finds indicate. Substantial discoveries of flint tools in the area provide evidence of human settlements dating to the Stone Age. Many historians believe the town dates to the late Viking Age, was founded by Sweyn I Forkbeard; the natural harbour and good herring stocks seem to have attracted fishermen and merchants to the area on a seasonal basis from the 11th century and more permanently in the 13th century. The first habitations were centred on Gammel Strand in the 11thcentury or earlier; the earliest written mention of the town was in the 12th century when Saxo Grammaticus in Gesta Danorum referred to it as Portus
Hedehusene is a suburban town located on the rail line between Copenhagen and Roskilde in the Capital Region of Denmark. It has absorbed the villages of Baldersbrønde and Fløng and merged with Roskilde's eastern Trekroner neighbourhood to the west and Taastrup to the east. To the south is the large recreational area Hedeland; as of 1 January 2015, the town had a population of 11,720. A large development project, NærHeden, created as a collaboration between Høje-Taastrup Municipality and Realdania, will expand the town to the southeast with a new sustainable neighbourhood; the flat and fertile moraine landscape between Roskilde, Køge and Copenhagen was since the Middle Ages known as Hedeboegnen or Heden. The name was a reference to the flat and open character of the landscape at a time when much of Denmark was covered by forest while it was not covered by heath in the ecological sense of the word. Villages in the area included Fløng, Baldersbrønde and Marbjerg. A road had since the 13th century connected Roskilde.
In 1641, Christian IV ordered the construction of a new, private road, Roskilde Kongevej, a so-called kongevej, completed in 1642. A house known as Kongens Hedehus referred to as Hedehuset built for a Vogt, responsible for overseeing that only royalty or people authorized by the king used the road, he was instructed to shoot their horses. A special key was made for the gate at the Heath House and another one for the gate at Røde Port in Roskilde; the house was located. In 1658, the Heath House was converted into an inn after the road was opened to other travellers at the end of the Swedish Wars, it was joined by two more inns at the site in 1682 and 1702. They operated without licenses since they were located too close to Roskilde to obtain a royal privilege. From 1733, they were licensed on condition that all beer and Akvavit was purchased in Roskilde and that they paid a tax of 4 rigsdaler to the city. Roskilde Kongevej fell into despair and two of the inns had to close when the new Roskildevej opened in 1776.
Hedehusene Station opened when the Copenhagen–Roskilde Railway Line was inaugurated in 1847. The station was only built. In 1892, one of the local farms, Hedehusgården, was purchased by an engineer who established several gravel pits on the land. Hedehus Brickyard was founded by F. L. Schmidt in 1896. Danmark closed in 1970 and Hedehus Brickyard in 1980. From the 187+s, considerable redevelopment of the area has taken place with housing. A new neighbourhood, Nærheden, is planned in the southwestern outskirts of Hedehusene, it is the result of a collaboration between Høje-Taastrup Municipality and Realdania and will consist 4,500 homes. The competition to design the masterplan was won by a team led by Arkitema Architects in 2014; the plan includes a number of varied housing clusters and public spaces arranged along a recreational loop. Hedehusene is home to several large companies. Rockwool International is a major manufacturer of mineral wool; the logistics company DSV moved its global headquarters to Hedehusene in 2014.
It consists of a 12,000 m ² logistics terminal. There are two churches in Hedehusene. Fløng Church dates from the middle of the 12th century and was built by members of the Snubbe family, a branch of the powerful Hvide dynasty residing at Bytteborg; the church consisted of chancel and nave under a flat roof. The tower was added to its western end in 1200; the height of the tower was increased with 19 metres in the 16th century. A porch was constructed on the north side and a new roof with cross vailts was added; the original chancel was torn down in about 1500. Ansgar's Church in the modern part of Hedehusene was inaugurated in 1921, it was designed by Frederik Appel. The cemetery at Ansgar's Church features the Kallerup Stone, one of the oldest runestones found in Denmark, it dates from the early Viking period and was discovered by a stone mason on a field at Kollerup in 1827. The vast recreational area Hedeland has an area of 15 square kilometres, it is home to a wide selection of recreational facilities, including a golf course, a kart circuit, a vintage railway, equestrian centre, amphi theatre and fishing ponds.
Hedehusene station is served by regional trains between Ringsted. Travel times by train are 20–23 minutes to Copenhagen Central Station and seven minutes to Roskilde station; the Holbæk Motorway has exits at Baldersbrønde and Fløng. Hedehusene's main street, Hovedgaden, is part of Secondary route 159. Dynamite-Harry is being followed by a helicopter on the main street in Hedehusene at 1:29:12 in the 1969 Olsen-banden film The Olsen Gang in a Fix; the painter L. A. Ring lived with his family in the old school in Baldersbrønde for 12 years. Jørgen Kristensen, nicknamed Troldmanden, is a Danish former football player, he played 19 matches and scored three goals for the Denmark national football team. Hedehusene Source
The Olsen Gang is a Danish comedy film series about the eponymous fictional criminal gang. The gang's leader is the criminal genius and habitual offender Egon Olsen and his accomplices are Benny and Kjeld; the gang members are harmless rarely target ordinary citizens, never use violence. The first film came in 1968. A Norwegian version of the film series was made, in most cases based directly on the scripts for the Danish films. Starting in 1981, Sweden produced their own version: Jönssonligan; the films rose to special fame in the former DDR, where the movies were uncensored because official censorship believed them to poke fun at capitalists. However, in the public opinion, the movies poked fun at any authority and did so with ingeniosity and wit. Most of the films start with Egon coming out of jail and being enthusiastically welcomed by Benny and Kjeld; the three men will have a beer together in the living room of Kjeld's dilapidated home in a run-down Valby neighbourhood, where Egon will inform his friends of his latest plan for making them millionaires.
Plans are two-step plans, where the first heist will get the equipment for the real, second plan. The plans feature everyday artefacts such as Lego, party balloons, cigarettes etc. which are brought together in surprising ways in elaborate and well-timed plans including clever social engineering. Bennys main function in the heists, besides get-away-driver, is as keeper of "The Thing", a specially shaped metal piece used for manipulating most any machinery or opening doors. Egon serves time with lawyers or executives who provide him with the information he needs, such as duty rosters for the national public record office. Egon is a brilliant safecracker, operating manually, specializing in the fictive "Franz Jäger" brand. Egon's plans bring the gang into perilously close contact with white-collar criminals from the Danish business elite. For example, in one episode some well-connected people try to make money out of the so-called "butter mountain", a huge amount of butter bought up and stored by the EEC to keep prices up.
Egon Olsen learns about this from a lawyer, serving prison time, the gang interferes with the plan to secure the millions for themselves. But as always, Egon – after having succeeded with a genius plan – for a variety of reasons, for instance underestimating the power and unscrupulousness of these people, bad luck, Yvonne's interference or other surprising elements. For several movies the role of antagonist was filled by CEO Hallandsen of the fictive, multinational company Hallandsen Inc. - or variations thereof. Egon is arrested in the end, for various reasons: scapegoat, bad luck, some irrelevant crime, or turning himself in as a matter of honour. A recurring part of the films is making fun of Danish authorities the police. Superintendent Jensen to his younger colleague, inspector Holm: "The only thing the police can do when the real big criminals come by is offer them protection!" Jensen incredously uses the recurring exclamation "Bagmændene!" to reference the in-joke of powerful players moving outside of the law.
In the early episodes and soft-erotica were more used than in ones, where said content was somewhat watered down to suit younger viewers. Movies focused on the satirical interplay between Jensen and Holm and Egon and Kjeld, with a frequent outburst of anger from Olsen. Olsen's long list of slurs are famous, like "social democrats!", "insane woman!", "lousy amateurs!", "cowards!", "dog heads!", "porridge peasants!", "sop!", "scumbag!", to name a few. Recurring characters in the Danish version: Egon Olsen: Gang leader, expert safecracker, brilliant but short-tempered and overdramatic Benny Frandsen: Gang member, get-away driver, handles practical stuff and always seem to float Kjeld Jensen: Gang member, tool master nervous and humble, but does on a rare occasion rise to meet any challenge Yvonne: Kjeld's bossy wife with firm plans on how to use the millions from the various plans Børge: Kjeld and Yvonne's son an impeccable part of the schemes Harry: Benny's brother, explosives expert and alcoholic Jensen: Superintendent at Copenhagen Police, somewhat disillusioned and forgotten by the brass in his basement office Holm: Detective with Copenhagen Police and with high ambitions, but somewhat naïve Mortensen: An overambitious but clumsy detective with Copenhagen Police appearing in the early films Holm-Hansen/Bang-Johansen/Hallandsen: A role with the same actor playing various villains, always on top of the social hierarchy, most also with international contacts Kongen og Knægten: A confidence trickster and his violent nephew Bøffen: Enforcer and muscleman for Hallandsen and others Hansen: Rival gang leader with theme music from Bob le flambeur The Olsen Gang have been made in Norwegian and Swedish versions too.
The films differ a bit from each other, but they follow a similar formula to the Danish films. The Norwegian remakes were, with two exceptions, directed by Knut Bohwim based on Balling and Bahs's original scripts with various degrees of adaptations to Norwegian conditions. For example, some names of the main characters were changed: Kjeld became Kjell, Yvonne became Valborg, Børge became Basse; the character of Benny's brother, D