Roslagen is the name of the coastal areas of Uppland province in Sweden, which constitutes the northern part of the Stockholm archipelago. It was the name for all the coastal areas of the Baltic Sea, including the eastern parts of lake Mälaren, belonging to Svealand; the name was first mentioned in the year 1493 as "Rodzlagen". Before that the area was known as Roden, the coastal equivalent to inland Hundreds; when the king would issue a call to leidang, the Viking Age equivalent of military conscript service, Roden districts were responsible for raising a number of ships for the leidang navy. The name comes from the rodslag, an old coastal Uppland word for a rowing crew of warrior oarsmen. Etymologically, Roden, or Roslagen, is the source of the Finnish and Estonian names for Sweden: Ruotsi and Rootsi. A person from Roslagen is called a "Rospigg" which means "inhabitant of Ros". Swedes from the Roslagen area, "the people of Ros", gave their name to the Rus' people and thus to the states of Russia and Belarus.

The area gives its name to the endangered domesticated Roslag sheep, which originated from the area centuries ago. It is served by a narrow-gauge railway network from Stockholm. Attundaland Fjärdhundraland Tiundaland Stones of Mora Swedes Norrtälje Tourism page

New York Canal

The New York Canal in Ada County and Canyon County, Idaho, is a 41-mile irrigation canal originating at the Boise River Diversion Dam and ending at Lake Lowell. The canal system includes multiple lateral canals that distribute water to 165,000 acres of farmland in the Boise Valley. Current flow rate of the canal is 2450 cubic feet of water per second. Completion of the Oregon Short Line Railroad in the early 1880s made possible the construction of farming settlements in the Boise Valley. In 1882 investors from New York founded the Idaho Mining and Irrigation Company in order to transform the desert into farmland between the Boise River and the Snake River in southern Idaho Territory. Investors hoped that the company could begin mining operations in the region, financed by revenue from irrigation canals. Mining engineer Arthur De Wint Foote commenced a survey of the Boise Valley in 1883, he envisioned a 75-mile canal that would draw water from the south side of the Boise River and irrigate a half-million acres of desert through 5000 lateral ditches.

The Main Canal became known as New York Canal in deference to eastern investors. The New York Canal was not the first irrigation system in the Boise Valley. In 1878 William H. Ridenbaugh began construction of the Ridenbaugh Canal from the north side of the Boise River, smaller projects had existed beginning in the 1860s. In the 1880s work on the New York Canal focused on the Foote survey and on acquiring water rights; the Idaho Mining and Irrigation Company began construction near the Boise River Canyon about 10 miles east of Boise City, work required moving boulders and cutting rock. The difficulty of work accounted for slow progress on the canal, but another factor was the Depression of 1882–85, some eastern investors had been forced to divest their holdings in the company. Arthur Foote continued to work with little pay, the company allowed only a minimum construction effort, this to retain its water rights. In 1888 the Idaho Statesman objected to claims; the newspaper found that "maps and profiles" were the only work finished, the editor projected that the canal would require 500 workers over five years before it was completed.

In 1889 Idaho Mining and Irrigation Company manager Charles H. Tompkins, Jr. estimated that the canal would be 70 miles long and irrigate about 350,000 acres with an estimated capacity of 2915 cubic feet of water per second, but he admitted that only two miles of the canal had been completed. Another Boise River project undertaken by the company, the Phyllis Canal, named for investors from Philadelphia had completed about two miles; the Phyllis Canal became part of the New York Canal system. In 1890 the company secured investment capital of $300,000 to complete work on the canal; the general contractor was Denver railroad builder William C. Bradbury, the company believed the canal would be finished in 1891. By September, 1890, 220 workers were employed, the company advertised employment for 1000 workers, but progress on the canal continued into 1892, when work stopped because of disagreements between investors. Work resumed in 1893; the Idaho Mining and Irrigation Company became insolvent in 1891, contractor Bradbury filed a lien against the company that year.

Bradbury continued construction on the canal financed by his own money. He purchased the canal, right of way, water rights in a sheriff's auction in 1894, he sold the uncompleted canal to the Farmers' Canal Company, an association of about 175 local farmers, in 1896. Congress created the United States Reclamation Service in 1902, the bureau gained control of the New York Canal project. After trimming several miles from the former design and completing construction of the canal and diversion dam, the bureau opened the New York Canal on February 22, 1909; the canal was enlarged by 1912, it was placed under control of the Boise Project in 1926. List of canals in the United States Carey Act Media related to New York Canal at Wikimedia Commons New York Irrigation District Boise Project, Bureau of Reclamation Anne Wallace Allen, A hardy pair of early Idahoans and Mary Hallock Foote

Salt River, Cape Town

Salt River is a suburb of Cape Town, located near Table Bay, to the east of Cape Town's central business district. Salt River is served by a railway station of the same name, has the postcode 7925, it is noted for its association with the clothing and textiles industry. The name Salt River is a translation of the Dutch "Soutrivier". Once a booming part of Cape Town because of its close proximity to the CBD, Salt River was the industrial heart of Cape Town; the steel and locomotive industries were important in the suburbs' early development due to the expansion of the rail network in the early 1900s. Up until the late 1980s prominent industries included textile and clothing manufacturing. However, due to the influx of cheaper, imported clothing many of the clothing factories closed and are being redeveloped. Due to Salt River's proximity to central Cape Town and large manufacturing plants, the suburb became popular with Cape Malays and the so-called coloured working class. Most of the Cape Malays and "coloureds" moved here from District 6 in the late 1950s and early 1960s before the "forced removals" from District 6, c.

1967. Cape Malays and "coloureds" could buy houses in Salt River but Indians could not; however Indians were allowed to live in Salt River provided they buy or rent a house attached to a corner grocer shop. On every corner in Salt River there used to be grocer shops where people could buy daily necessities over the counter. Today Salt River is still populated by second and third generations of Cape Malay and "Coloured" families. "Coloured" people are of the Christian faith. Salt River is known to be one of the most religiously tolerant suburbs in the Cape, with Cape Malays, who are of the Muslim faith and "coloured" Christians getting along well. There are several churches in the area and two mosques - one in Tennyson Street and one in Addison Road. For such a small town Salt River has many primary schools a road or two apart from each other, two high schools. Dryden Street Primary School has been there since c. 1960. There is Cecil Road Primary School. In the past there was Kipling Street Primary School but because it was a Muslim school and not subsidized by the government, it could not survive financially and closed its doors c.

2010. Other primary schools were St. Mary's and Wesley Training College which had grades from Sub A through to Std. 10 - today it is referred to as Grade 12. The other high school is Salt River High School. At one point this high school became too small to accommodate the pupils of, not only the area, but from further afield, Woodstock and Kensington. An annex was found with its front on Albert Road, Salt River. Several Std 6 and Std 7 classes were sent there while only one each English and Afrikaans Std 6 & Std 7 were still at Salt River High School in Rochester Road, together with the rest of the school which now comprised Std 8 to 10; when the Kent Street pupils finished Std 6 and Std 7, they returned to Rochester Road to complete high school there. Salt River was a self-contained little community from the 1960s to 1990's when few people had cars and when cars were not a necessity because of Salt River's close proximity to Cape Town; the buses and trains were always efficient. One could walk into town along either the Lower Main Road which joined Albert Road at the circle in Salt River or along Victoria Road which runs into Sir Lowry Road.

Victoria Road is sometimes called the "top" Main Road. In the Lower Main Road there has always been many shops, department stores and well known chain stores, like BLOCH Supermarket, taken over by SHOPRITE in the 1970s; because of this self-containment, residents of Salt River found the need to venture too far from home, with the result that they were not affected by discontented feelings of what came to be known in the Apartheid era as "the disadvantaged" peoples. The mood of Salt River residents have always been more contented. For this reason many of the second and third generations have preferred to stay in the suburb in houses which are over a 100 years old if now they can afford to live in wealthier suburbs; as a result of South Africa's prolonged recession many businesses in the area closed while unemployment and crime increased. A rise in gangs and drug use in the suburb in the mid-1990s led to the formation of the militant group PAGAD. On the evening of 4 August 1996 members of the group marched to the Salt River home of gang leader Rashaad Staggie in London Road where they attacked and burned him alive.

The suburb has been pegged for revival as part of a R20bn urban renewal initiative across Cape Town. Salt River is named after a river of the same name; the Salt River is formed by the confluence of the Black Rivers. The river flows into Table Bay between Paarden Eiland and Brooklyn. Community House, a site of historical civic activism that houses NGOs and Trade Unions