Jean-Max Bellerive is a Haitian politician and former Prime Minister of Haiti. He resigned on 14 May 2011. Bellerive was born in Port-au-Prince in 1958; as the son of a prominent doctor, he left Haiti at a young age to study in Switzerland and Belgium. With a degree in Political Science and International Relations, Bellerive returned to Haiti in 1986, just before the overthrow of Jean-Claude Duvalier, he is married, has two daughters. Haitian President René Préval, following the orders of a senate resolution, nominated Bellerive on 30 October 2009, to replace former Prime Minister Michèle Pierre-Louis. A day before the nomination, on 29 October 2009, 18 senators of a 29-member senate had voted to dismiss Pierre-Louis on charges that she was performing poorly in leading Haiti's economic recovery efforts in the wake of the destructive 2008 hurricane season. On 14 May 2011, Bellerive resigned as Prime Minister, so as to allow the country's new President, Michel Martelly, to choose his own Prime Minister.
Martelly selected Daniel Gérard Rouzier to succeed Bellerive. However, the parliament rejected Mr Rouzier. Canadian International Development Agency: Jean-Max Bellerive biography
Laurent Salvador Lamothe is a Haitian businessman and political figure who has served in the government of Haiti as Minister of Foreign Affairs since October 2011, having been appointed Prime Minister on 4 May 2012. He was co-founder and CEO of the company Global Voice Group. On 14 December 2014, Lamothe resigned as Prime Minister for personal reasons. Son of Louis G. Lamothe, the founder of the Lope de Vega Institute, of Ghislaine Fortuney Lamothe, a painter, Lamothe was born in Port-au-Prince, he grew up in an academic and artistic, but athletic, environment. His elder brother, served as captain of the Haitian Davis Cup tennis team for some time. A tennis player himself, Laurent Lamothe represented his country at the Davis Cup in 1994 and 1995. At age 19, Lamothe left Haiti to complete his tertiary studies in Florida. After obtaining a bachelor's degree in political sciences at Barry University in Miami, in 1996 he enrolled in Saint Thomas University in Miami Gardens, where he earned a master's degree in business management.
He was said to be a "keen and articulate student, a gentleman and a people person". Two years after obtaining his master's degree in business management, he founded the telecommunications company Global Voice Group with his business partner, Patrice Baker; the company started out as a small telecommunications company and is today a worldwide provider of technological solutions in emerging markets and developing countries. Through his company, Global Voice Group, he introduced telecoms governance technologies in Africa which allow regulation agencies to manage the sector in terms of control, tariff equity and transparency; this earned him a nomination as Ernst & Young “Entrepreneur of the Year” in May 2008. In July 2015, Lamothe founded and created LSL World Initiative, a global enterprise that provides solutions for governments of emerging countries to overcome debt and achieve sustainable development. Revenue generated through innovative financing strategies can be used to fund vital health and educational programs, encourage economic self-sufficiency in emerging markets.
His involvement in the political and social life of Haiti subsequently led him to accept the position of Special Advisor to Haitian President Michel Martelly. In order to achieve more and to avoid conflicts of interest, Laurent Lamothe resigned from his businesses and considers himself as a former businessman, he became a member of the Interim Commission for the Reconstruction of Haiti. In September 2011, Lamothe and former United States President Bill Clinton co-chaired the Presidential Advisory Council for the Economic Development and Investment in Haiti launched by President Martelly on 8 September 2011 to help redevelop Haiti by making it more attractive to foreign companies and investors. Subsequently, Lamothe was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Haiti. On 26 October 2011, he made his first speech as the new Minister of Foreign Affairs during his installation ceremony, which took place in Bois-Verna, Haiti, he is viewed as "competent and dynamic minister" and a "talented entrepreneur with the vision to move Haiti forward"On 1 March 2012, Lamothe was designated as the Prime Minister of Haiti by President Martelly following the resignation of Prime Minister Garry Conille.
He served as Prime Minister from March 2012 to December 2014, the longest tenure of any Prime Minister in the last three decades. During his time in office, Lamothe presided over the design and implementation of an important social policy agenda that targeted the poorest sectors of the Haitian population. Lamothe presided over the largest infrastructure development in recent history, which included the construction and rehabilitation of schools, public buildings and roads. During Lamothe’s tenure as Prime Minister, foreign direct investment increased to the highest level since the fall of the Duvalier dictatorship in the mid 1980s. Under his leadership, the government pursued reforms that made Haiti a safer and more business-friendly country with the implementation of a 15-year tax break to companies investing in the island nation, he pushed for an increase of the police force by 30 percent. He fought to improve the living conditions of the poorest in Haiti, he implemented social programs that benefited the most vulnerable, he spearheaded the free education program, promoted good governance by tackling corruption.
He had an impact in the fight against extreme poverty – According to a 2014 World Bank study, from 2012 to 2014, the number of people in extreme poverty in Haiti dropped from 31% to 24% thanks to the social program EDE PEP, which benefited 2 million people. Lamothe implemented programs to fight corruption, improved conditions to facilitate Foreign Direct Investments. From 2011 t0 2013, FDI increased by 56% compared to the 2006-2010 period. Along with that, through the GOH’s free education program, elementary school attendance rate rose from 55 to 90%. Close to 1.4 million children between the ages of 6 and 12 now attend school at no charge. He initiated reform policies in the security sector such as supporting the effective coordination of law enforcement agencies and increasing women presence in the police force. In 2010, Lamothe was responsible for the reconstruction of the country after the devastating earthquake, he was instrumental in relocating 1.6 million people from the resulting tent camps, as well as in removing 97% of the rubble that the earthquake caused.
Four years after the earthquake, kidnappings had decreased by 55 per cent. In 2016, Hurricane M
Haiti the Republic of Haiti and called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres in size and has an estimated 10.8 million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole. The region was inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people. Spain landed on the island on 5 December 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus across the Atlantic; when Columbus landed in Haiti, he had thought he had found India or China. On Christmas Day 1492, Columbus's flagship the Santa Maria ran aground north of what is now Limonade; as a consequence, Columbus ordered his men to salvage what they could from the ship, he created the first European settlement in the Americas, naming it La Navidad after the day the ship was destroyed. The island was claimed by Spain, which ruled until the early 17th century.
Competing claims and settlements by the French led to the western portion of the island being ceded to France, which named it Saint-Domingue. Sugarcane plantations, worked by slaves brought from Africa, were established by colonists. In the midst of the French Revolution and free people of color revolted in the Haitian Revolution, culminating in the abolition of slavery and the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte's army at the Battle of Vertières. Afterward the sovereign state of Haiti was established on 1 January 1804—the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas, the only nation in the world established as a result of a successful slave revolt; the rebellion that began in 1791 was led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Army, Toussaint Louverture, whose military genius and political acumen transformed an entire society of slaves into an independent country. Upon his death in a prison in France, he was succeeded by his lieutenant, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who declared Haiti's sovereignty and became the first Emperor of Haiti, Jacques I.
The Haitian Revolution lasted just over a dozen years. The Citadelle Laferrière is the largest fortress in the Americas. Henri Christophe—former slave and first king of Haiti, Henri I—built it to withstand a possible foreign attack, it is a founding member of the United Nations, Organization of American States, Association of Caribbean States, the International Francophonie Organisation. In addition to CARICOM, it is a member of the International Monetary Fund, World Trade Organization, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, it has the lowest Human Development Index in the Americas. Most in February 2004, a coup d'état originating in the north of the country forced the resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. A provisional government took control with security provided by the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti; the name Haiti comes from the indigenous Taíno language, the native name given to the entire island of Hispaniola to mean, "land of high mountains."
The h is silent in French and the ï in Haïti has a diacritical mark used to show that the second vowel is pronounced separately, as in the word naïve. In English, this rule for the pronunciation is disregarded, thus the spelling Haiti is used. There are different anglicizations for its pronunciation such as HIGH-ti, high-EE-ti and haa-EE-ti, which are still in use, but HAY-ti is the most widespread and best-established; the name was restored by Haitian revolutionary Jean-Jacques Dessalines as the official name of independent Saint-Domingue, as a tribute to the Amerindian predecessors. In French, Haiti's nickname is the "Pearl of the Antilles" because of both its natural beauty, the amount of wealth it accumulated for the Kingdom of France. At the time of European conquest, the island of Hispaniola, of which Haiti occupies the western three-eighths, was one of many Caribbean islands inhabited by the Taíno Native Americans, speakers of an Arawakan language called Taino, preserved in the Haitian Creole language.
The Taíno name for the entire island was Haiti. The people had migrated over centuries into the Caribbean islands from South America. Genetic studies show, they originated in Central and South America. After migrating to Caribbean islands, in the 15th century, the Taíno were pushed into the northeast Caribbean islands by the Caribs. In the Taíno societies of the Caribbean islands, the largest unit of political organization was led by a cacique, or chief, as the Europeans understood them; the island of Haiti was divided among five Caciquats: the Magua in the north east, the Marien in the north west, the Xaragua in the south west, the Maguana in the center region of Cibao and the Higuey in the south east. The caciquedoms were tributary kingdoms, with payment consisting of harvests. Taíno cultural artifacts include cave paintings in several locations in the country; these have become national symbols of tourist attractions. Modern-day Léogane started as a French colonial town in the southwest, is beside the former capital of the caciquedom of Xaragua.
Florence Duperval Guillaume
Florence Duperval Guillaume, a Haitian politician, is Haiti's Minister of Public Health and Population, was Acting Prime Minister of Haiti from 20 December 2014 to 16 January 2015
René Garcia Préval was a Haitian politician and agronomist who twice served as President of Haiti, from February 7, 1996, to February 7, 2001, again from May 14, 2006, to May 14, 2011. He was Prime Minister from February 1991 to October 11, 1991. Préval was the first elected head of state in Haitian history to peacefully receive power from a predecessor in office, the first since independence to serve a full term in office, the first to be elected to non-successive full terms in office, the first to peacefully hand over power, the first former prime minister to be elected president. Préval promoted privatization of government companies, agrarian reform, investigations of human rights abuses, his presidencies were marked by domestic tumult and attempts at economic stabilization, with his latter term saw the destruction wrought by the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Préval was born on 17 January 1943 in Port-au-Prince and was raised in his father's hometown of Marmelade, a village town in the Artibonite department.
He studied agronomy at the College of Gembloux and the University of Leuven in Belgium and studied geothermal sciences at the University of Pisa in Pisa, Italy. He left Haiti with his family in 1963. Préval's father, an agronomist had risen to the position of Minister of Agriculture in the government of Général Paul Magloire, the predecessor of Duvalier. Leaving Haiti because his political past presented him as a potential opponent, Preval's father found work with UN agencies in Africa. After spending five years in Brooklyn, New York working as a restaurant waiter, Préval returned to Haiti and obtained a position with the National Institute for Mineral Resources. In 1988, he opened a bakery in Port-au-Prince with some business partners. While operating his company, he continued to be active in political circles and charity work, such as providing bread to the orphanage of Salesian Father Jean-Bertrand Aristide, with whom he developed a close relationship. After the election of Aristide as president in 1990, Préval served as his Prime Minister from February 13 to October 11, 1991, going into exile following the September 30, 1991 military coup.
On December 6, 2009, Preval married Elisabeth Débrosse Delatour — one of his economic advisors and widow of Leslie Delatour, the former governor of Haiti's central bank. Preval's first and second marriages, to Guerda Benoit and Solange Lafontant both ended in divorce. In 1996, Préval was elected as president with 88 % of the popular vote. Upon his 1996 inauguration, Préval became the second democratically elected head of state in the country's 191-year history as an independent nation. In 2001, he became the first elected President of Haiti to leave office as a result of the natural expiration of an uninterrupted term; as president, Préval instituted a number of economic reforms, most notably the privatization of various government companies. By the end of Préval's term, unemployment rates had fallen. Préval instituted a program of agrarian reform in Haiti's countryside, his presidency, was marked by fierce political clashes with a parliament dominated by opposition party members and an vocal Fanmi Lavalas which opposed the structural adjustment and privatization program of Préval's government.
Préval was a strong supporter of investigations and trials related to human rights violations committed by military and police personnel. He dissolved the parliament in 1999 and ruled by decree for the duration of the final year of his presidency. Préval ran again as the Lespwa candidate in the presidential election of 2006; the election took place after two years of international peacekeeping. Partial election results, released on February 9, indicated that he had won with about 60% of the vote, but as further results were released, his share of the vote slipped just below the 50% required majority to be elected outright – thus making a run-off necessary. Several days of popular demonstrations in favour of Préval followed in Port-au-Prince and other cities in Haiti. Préval claimed that there had been fraud among the vote counts, demanded that he be declared the winner outright of the first round. Protesters paralyzed the capital with burning barricades and stormed a luxury hotel — Hotel Montana, located in the affluent suburb of Pétion-Ville — to demand results from Haiti's nearly week-old election as the ex-President Préval fell further below the 50% needed to win the presidency.
On February 16, 2006, Préval was declared the winner of the presidential election by the Provisional Electoral Council with 51.15% of the vote, after the exclusion of "blank" ballots from the count. Préval was sworn in following Haiti's legislative run-off vote in April; when he was sworn in, Préval emphasized the importance of unity, saying that division was Haiti's "main problem" and that Haitians had to "work together". On May 17, he nominated Jacques-Édouard Alexis, who had served as Prime Minister during Préval's first term, as Prime Minister again. After taking office, Préval signed an oil deal with Venezuela and traveled to the United States and France. Préval drew much of his support from Haiti's poorest people. However, many of the poor demanded that the former President Aristide be allowed to return and that civil enterprise workers fired by the Latortue government be reinstated; this caused increasing tension in the slums of Port-au-Prince. Préval promised to build a massive road system which would boost trade and transportation around the country.
Haiti under Préval cooperated dipl
The Blade (Toledo, Ohio)
The Blade known as the Toledo Blade, is a daily newspaper in Toledo, Ohio, in the United States, first published on December 19, 1835. The first issue of what was the Toledo Blade was printed on December 19, 1835, it is the oldest continuously run business in Toledo. David Ross Locke gained national fame for the paper during the Civil War era by writing under the pen name Petroleum V. Nasby. Under this name, he wrote satires ranging on topics to the Civil War, to temperance. President Abraham Lincoln was sometimes quoted them. In 1867 Locke bought the Toledo Blade; the paper dropped "Toledo" from its masthead in 1960. In 2004 The Blade won the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting with a series of stories entitled "Buried Secrets, Brutal Truths"; the story brought to light the story of the Tiger Force, a Vietnam fighting force that brutalized the local population. In 2006, The Blade was a finalist for a Pulitzer Prize, winner of the National Headliner Award, for breaking the scandal in Ohio known as Coingate.
As of 2015, the editor in chief is John Robinson Block. His family purchased the paper in 1926, they own the media conglomerate Block Communications, which owns cable systems, television stations, the Internet service network Buckeye Express. As of 2008 The Blade had the 83rd largest daily newspaper circulation in the United States; the Toledo Blade was named for the famed swordsmithing industry of the original city of Toledo, Spain. Its motto, on the nameplate below the title, is "One of America's Great Newspapers." In 2007 photojournalist Allan Detrich left The Blade when it was discovered that he had digitally altered a photo, published on the front page of the March 31, 2007, edition. A subsequent investigation revealed that he had digitally altered and submitted 79 photos during the first 14 weeks of 2007, 58 of which ran either in The Blade or on its website. Members of several unions worked without contracts from March to August 2006. Over the course of August 2006, The Blade locked out over 25% of its employees.
The strike and lockout ended in May 2007. In May 2014, Block Communications announced plans to close The Blade's production facility, including the printing presses, located in the downtown headquarters building. In October 2011, The Blade filed a lawsuit against rival publication the Toledo Free Press, claiming that former Blade general manager and current Free Press publisher Thomas F. Pounds violated a 2004 separation agreement containing a non-compete clause. According to the Free Press, The Blade took exception to an editorial cartoon criticizing The Blade's stance on downtown development plans by Rave Cinemas and Hollywood Casino Toledo. Official website Block Communications
Gérard Latortue was the Prime Minister of Haïti from March 12, 2004 to June 9, 2006. He was an official in the United Nations for many years, served as foreign minister of Haïti during the short-lived 1988 administration of Leslie Manigat. In February 2004, the country experienced a coup d'état which saw the removal and exile of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Latortue was selected by the Council and appointed head of the interim government on March 9 while still living in the United States, was sworn in on March 12, his administration was recognized by the United Nations, the United States and The European Union and denied recognition by a few governments, including the governments of Jamaica and St Kitts and Nevis and Cuba, as well as the African Union. Furthermore, his Government was beset with opposition from the Fanmi Lavalas political party; the 2006 elections in Haiti, to replace the interim government of Gérard Latortue put in place after the 2004 Haitian coup d'état, were delayed four times after having been scheduled for October and November 2005.
The elections took place on February 7, 2006. The 129 member Haitian parliament was elected at this election. Run-off elections for the Chamber of Deputies of Haiti were held on 21 April 2006. In June 2006, Latortue was succeeded by Jacques-Édouard Alexis. Latortue was the head of the observer mission of La Francophonie in Togo for that country's October 2007 parliamentary election. Official website