Lord Elgin Hotel
The Lord Elgin Hotel is a prominent hotel in downtown Ottawa, Canada with 355 guest rooms, located at 100 Elgin Street at Laurier Avenue, across from Confederation Park. The twelve-storey limestone structure was named after James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, the first Governor General of the united Canadas; the Lord Elgin Hotel has 355 guestrooms and four suites, all of them refurbished since 2001. The hotel was designed by the firm of Ross and MacDonald, which were the successors of Ross and MacFarlane, who designed the Chateau Laurier, it was opened in July 1941 by the Ford Hotel Company to compete with the Château Laurier. Unlike the Château, the Lord Elgin was built to serve short-stay guests those who were in Ottawa on government and military business during the Second World War after the recent loss of the nearby Russell Hotel; as a result, the hotel did not contain any ballrooms or elegant restaurants, as would have been expected in a large hotel at that time, the guest rooms were small.
The building features stone walls which are complete with broken courses and are finished by flattened oriel windows and modernistic chevrons. The building is topped by a steep copper chateauesque roof, William Lyon Mackenzie King urged the architects to include to reflect the Parliament buildings copper roof. In the 1970s and 1980s, the hotel's impressive facade hid the decline in its fortunes due to changes in the economy, increased competition from international hotel chains located in the downtown core, new demands from an ever-evolving younger traveling business class. Significant renovations in the 1990s and 2000s resulted in the construction of large additions to the north and south of the building, the refurbishment and enlargement of existing rooms, the addition of 60 new guestrooms, new meeting rooms and a new fitness facility, finished in 2002; the interior showcases his wife, Maria Louisa. Contemporary renovations have altered the original streamlined art-deco inspired lobby. Fletcher, Katharine.
Capital Walks: Walking Tours of Ottawa, Ontario: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 2004. Kalman and John Roaf. Exploring Ottawa: An Architectural Guide to the Nation's Capital. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983
Dominion Square Building
The Dominion Square Building known as the Gazette Building, is a landmark office building in Downtown Montreal facing Dorchester Square on its northern side. It is located at 1010, Sainte-Catherine Street West, in Montreal, Canada; the building is named after the old name of the Square and its southern access is provided by Dorchester Square Street, which connects Peel Street to Metcalfe Street and offers access to a 600-lot parking garage under the building. Completed between 1928 and 1930 in the Beaux Arts style, the Dominion Square Building is both a commercial office tower and a shopping mall; the site was occupied by the Erksine Presbyterian Church c. 1866. Designed by the architectural firm of Ross and Macdonald, the building comprises twelve floors above ground and a'T' shaped shopping concourse; the main entrance serves The Gazette with the escalators leading to a mezzanine looking out onto the ground floor below. The main floor was conceived as an interior shopping arcade at a time when such a notion was experimental.
Moreover, the original design allowed access to the retail spaces on the ground floor from outside and in. From the third floor up, the facade is twice set back; as such, the twin setbacks form a double comb shape which provides ample sunlight throughout the building while further permitting natural light to pass through the setbacks onto Sainte-Catherine Street below. By doing so, the building maximizes the total amount of available rental space for comparatively small city block. Moreover, multiple offices within have several different views, recessed corners provide additional corner offices on the 9th and 10th floors; the façade is of Alabama Rockwood limestone and is described as having an unconventional, yet plentiful Italianate decor. During the last major set of renovations, undertaken in 1989, a second and third floor extension was made, jutting out as a protective arcade with green-glass solarium on top, along the southern side of the building; the current principal tenant is The Gazette, which has placed a marquee title holder atop the arcaded entrance along Saint Catherine Street.
Other principal tenants include the main Montreal Tourism office, HMV and a women's wear retailer along Metcalfe Street. Facing the Square is a branch of the Desjardins Group. In 2009, Global Television Network moved their CKMI-DT station onto the 7th floor; the broadcast station includes a virtual television studio whereby anchors sit in front of a green screen and robotic cameras are controlled from remote cities. The building was conceived as an ingenious solution to the multitude of building height and size regulations imposed by the City of Montreal during the early part of the 20th century. Moreover, it was conceived as an element of a new urban environment, thus provided not only two levels of interior shopping and two levels of underground parking, but the city's first escalators as well, it was built at a time when there was significant interest to involve all elements of society, not just those who happened to work there. Furthermore, the available shopping space within was further conceived to be accessible from two sides, permitting the entire building to participate in social traffic exchange.
Its modern conveniences and amenities, the prestige of location and effective beauty of the design made it an exceptionally important commercial office tower in the era before Modernist Skyscrapers. IMTL.org: Dominion Square Building
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor
The Fairmont Hotel Macdonald is a hotel in Edmonton, Alberta. It was built by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, has been successively owned by Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Hotels, Fairmont Hotels and Resorts. Construction began in 1911, was completed in 1915, allowing the hotel to open in July of that year; the hotel is an Edmonton landmark, overlooks the North Saskatchewan River Valley, the largest urban parkway in North America. It is one of Canada's chateau-style hotels built in the late early 20th centuries. Prior to the construction of the Hotel Macdonald, the site was home to a squatters' camp; the squatters lived in tents or in small caves dug into the side of the river valley wall, which remain to this day. Local residents nicknamed the site the "Galician Hotel" due to the fact that many of the squatters were Ukrainian-speaking immigrants from the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia. Ross and Macdonald, the same architectural firm that designed many of Canada's landmark hotels, designed the hotel in the château-style that characterized Canada's large railway hotels.
Construction was completed on July 5, 1915, the structure was named after Canada's first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald; the original seven-story Grand Trunk Pacific hotel was built in a distinctive chateau style adapted from 16th century French castles. The building is roofed with copper. Construction and furnishings cost about $2,250,000. Along with the Palliser Hotel in Calgary, it was one of the first two establishments to be reissued a liquor license by the Alberta Liquor Control Board when the province repealed Prohibition in 1924. In 1953, the owners constructed a 300-bedroom, 16-story addition to keep up with the rising demand for hotel accommodations in the city. Together, the hotel and the addition were dubbed "The Mac and the box it came in."The Hotel MacDonald fell into disrepair and closed in 1983, there was talk of demolition. The City of Edmonton designated the building as a Municipal Heritage Resource. Five areas were included in the designation: the building exterior, the Confederation Lounge, the lobby, the Wedgewood Room, the Empire Ballroom.
The 1953 addition was demolished in 1986. Canadian Pacific Hotels purchased the hotel in 1988, began a restoration campaign; the hotel reopened in 1991 after work totaling $28 million. The renovation added several suites in what had been storage space, some of which are named for prominent guests of the hotel, including: Charles Melville Hays Suite, Lois Hole Suite, King George VI Suite, Sir Winston Churchill Suite, Edward Prince of Wales Suite, the Aberhart and Lougheed suites, the Queen Elizabeth II Suite, which covers 2,400 square feet over two floors, with two bedrooms and a dining room for eight. With the addition of the 18 suites, the hotel now has 199 rooms on 8 floors, stands a total of 51 metres high. In 1999, CP Hotels merged with Fairmont Hotels, began operating the hotel under the Fairmont banner; the chain was sold, Fairmont Hotels and Resorts is now owned by Kingdom Holding Company
Maple Leaf Gardens
Maple Leaf Gardens is a historic building located at the northwest corner of Carlton Street and Church Street in Toronto, Canada. The building was constructed as an arena to host ice hockey games, but has since been reconstructed for other uses. Today, Maple Leaf Gardens is a multi-purpose facility, with Loblaws occupying retail space on the lower floors and an arena for Toronto's Ryerson University, known as Mattamy Athletic Centre at the Gardens, occupying the top level. Considered one of the "cathedrals" of ice hockey, it was home to the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League from 1931 to 1999; the Leafs won the Stanley Cup 11 times from 1932 to 1967 while playing at the Gardens. The first NHL All-Star Game, albeit an unofficial one, was held at the Gardens in 1934 as a benefit for Leafs forward Ace Bailey, who had suffered a career-ending head injury; the first official annual National Hockey League All-Star Game was held at Maple Leaf Gardens in 1947. It was home to the Toronto Huskies in their single season in the Basketball Association of America, the Toronto Marlboros of the Ontario Hockey League, the Toronto Toros of the World Hockey Association, the Toronto Blizzard of the North American Soccer League, the Toronto Shooting Stars of the National Professional Soccer League, the Toronto Rock of the National Lacrosse League.
The NBA's Buffalo Braves played a total of 16 regular season games at Maple Leaf Gardens from 1971 to 1975. The NBA's Toronto Raptors played six games at the Gardens from 1997 to 1999 when SkyDome was unavailable, it was one of the few venues outside the United States where Elvis Presley performed in concert. In 1972, Maple Leaf Gardens hosted game 2 of the famous Summit Series between Team Canada and the USSR. Team Canada won the game 4–1; the Toronto Maple Leafs had been playing in the Arena Gardens on Mutual Street. It was held 7,500 spectators for ice hockey. By 1930, Leafs managing director Conn Smythe decided the Arena was too small and he wanted to build a new arena and more impressive. After considering various sites, the site at the corner of Carlton and Church was purchased from The T. Eaton Co. Ltd. for $350,000, a price said to be $150,000 below market value. The new 12,473 seat arena was designed by the architectural firm of Macdonald. To finance the construction, Smythe launched Maple Leaf Gardens Limited, a management company that would own the arena and the Maple Leafs.
A public offering of shares in MLGL was made at C$10 each, with a free common share for each five preferred shares purchased. Ownership of the hockey team was transferred to MLGL in return for shares. Intending right from the start that the Gardens would host other events, W. A. Hewitt, sports editor of the Toronto Star, was hired as general manager of Maple Leaf Gardens to oversee all events other than professional hockey, his son, Foster Hewitt, was hired to run the radio broadcasts, oversaw the construction of the radio broadcast facilities. The contract to construct the building was awarded to Thomson Brothers Construction of Port Credit in Toronto Township. Thomson Bros bid just under $990,000 for the project, the lowest of ten tenders received due to the fact that amongst the Thomson Brothers' various enterprises they had much of the sub contract work covered, others could not compete in this manner; that price did not include steel work, estimated at an additional $100,000. Additional savings were made through deals with labour unions, in exchange for shares in MLGL.
Construction began at midnight on June 1, 1931. In what is to this day considered to be a remarkable accomplishment, the Gardens was constructed in five months and two weeks at a cost of C$1.5 million. Team owner Harold Ballard lived in the owner's suite built into the arena's top northeast corner; the Gardens opened on November 1931, with the Maple Leafs losing 2 -- 1 to the Chicago Blackhawks. Reported attendance on opening night was 13,542; the Leafs would go on to win their first Stanley Cup as the Maple Leafs that season. The first professional wrestling show at the Gardens was held on November 19, 1931 and attracted 15,800 people to see world champion Jim Londos in the main event; the show was promoted by Jack Corcoran, who passed the reins to Frank Tunney and his Maple Leaf Wrestling promotion in 1939. Under Tunney and the Gardens was for decades a thriving centre for professional wrestling. Local hero Whipper Billy Watson became the city's top wrestling attraction in the 1950s; the last WWE-promoted event to be held at Maple Leaf Gardens was on September 17, 1995.
Boxing was a regular offering at the Gardens for many years. The first world title bout in the building was on September 19, 1932, with bantamweight champion Panama Al Brown knocking out challenger Émile Pladner in the first round. Winston Churchill addressed a large audience at the Gardens in March 1932. Victory Loan rallies were held at the Gardens during World War II. On November 1, 1946, Maple Leaf Gardens was the site of the first game in the history of the Basketball Association of America, with the Toronto Huskies playing the New York Knickerbockers
Fort Garry Hotel
The Fort Garry Hotel is a historic hotel in Downtown Winnipeg, Manitoba. It is one of Canada's grand railway hotels and was designated as a National Historic Site of Canada in 1981. A national heritage park connected to the hotel and to the remains of Upper Fort Garry is under construction nearby. Built in 1913 by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, it is located one block from the railway's Union Station, was the tallest structure in the city when it was completed. Like other Canadian railway hotels, it was constructed in the "château style", which reflects the François I style of hotel prevalent in the eastern United States at the turn-of-the-20th-century. Henry Janeway Hardenbegh initiated the architectural trend, with New York City's Plaza Hotel as his most well known structure; the Fort Garry Hotel has more than a passing similarity to The Plaza, with related features that include: the classic base and capital divisions of the skyscraper. Architects Ross and MacFarlane of Montreal modelled their original plans for the hotel after Ottawa's Château Laurier.
The new hotel was to be called The Selkirk, but was instead named after Upper Fort Garry, which once stood at the junction of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers. The hotel was built at a strategic location on Broadway, between Fort and Garry Streets, providing a luxury hotel for railway travellers, it was the first commercial building to be erected on the only hotel to be built there. The hotel's early prominence led it to have many famous guests, including Nelson Eddy, Harry Belafonte, Charles Laughton, Laurence Olivier, Arthur Fiedler, Louis Armstrong, Gordie Howe, Lester Pearson, as well as King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, who stayed during their 1939 visit to Canada; the hotel owned by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, owned by the Canadian National Railway after Grand Trunk was nationalized and absorbed into CN. In 1979, the hotel was purchased by the prominent John Draper Perrin family of Winnipeg, who operated it as an independent hotel until 1987, it was owned for a few years by a company controlled by Quebec hotelier Raymond Malenfant.
Presently it is run as an independent hotel. According to local folklore, the hotel is haunted; the Fort Garry Hotel is infamous for its haunted Room 202. A woman committed suicide in the room many years ago after hearing of the death of her husband in a car accident. Overcome with grief, she hanged herself in the closet. Ida Albo, managing partner Official Site Emporis Listing
The Hotel Saskatchewan is a historic hotel, one of Canada's grand railway hotels located in downtown Regina, Canada, overlooking Victoria Park. The Hotel Saskatchewan was the fourteenth hotel in a nationwide chain constructed and owned by the Canadian Pacific Railway; the railway's earlier hotels, such as the Château Frontenac in Quebec City, the Chateau Lake Louise and the Banff Springs Hotel were designed in a distinctive château style, but by the late 1920s this had been abandoned in favor of a much simpler and less expensive style although the Canadian National Railway's Bessborough hotel in Saskatoon was built from 1928 to 1932. The Hotel Saskatchewan was the hub of the city's social life, today operates as part of the Marriott International chain. A prior attempt at construction of a grand railway hotel for Regina, the Chateau Qu'Appelle, failed when the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway went bankrupt; the constructed Chateau Qu'Appelle—now the site of the Royal Saskatchewan Museum on the corner of Albert Street and College Avenue—remained derelict for some years until Canadian Pacific purchased the disused girders for use in the construction of the Hotel Saskatchewan and the large excavation was filled.
The foundations remained in the ground, however accounting for the positioning of the Provincial Museum at the corner of College Avenue and Albert Street but diagonally and back from the streets. It is of course uncertain that if the Chateau Qu'Appelle had been completed it would remain standing, but comparable palatial railway hotels in Quebec City, Toronto, Banff Springs, Victoria, BC and elsewhere remain standing and thriving; the hotel's opening in 1927 meant that Government House was no longer needed to accommodate official guests as it had done for visitors such as the future King George V and Queen Mary, who visited the then-Territories in 1901 as Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York. On February 19, 2014, Winnipeg-based Temple Hotels, owners of Moose Jaw's Temple Gardens, Saskatoon Inn and Regina's Wingate hotel, announced it would purchase Hotel Saskatchewan for $32.8 million and would undertake a three-year $6 million improvement campaign. Official website