The Round Tower is a fortification at the entrance to Portsmouth harbour. It is a Grade I listed building; the site was occupied by a wooden tower before being replaced by a stone one. The wooden tower was built between 1418 and 1426 on the orders of King Henry V, or c1415. In 1422, a defensive chain that could be raised in an emergency was built from the round tower across the harbour entrance. In the 1490s the tower was rebuilt in stone. In the 1680s a line of ramparts was added; the upper section was rebuilt during the Napoleonic wars. Between 1847 and 1850 the roof of the tower was modified to serve as a gun platform. Portsmouth city council purchased the tower in 1958. Fortifications of Portsmouth Round Tower – Portsmouth City Council
Alwyn Vey Clouston was a Canadian storyteller and humorist known as "Uncle Al." He was popular at conventions during the time he worked as a travelling businessman and owner of John Clouston Ltd. of St. John's, Newfoundland, he became a best-selling author of comedy books. In 1980, his comedy album Cinderelly was nominated for a Canadian Juno Award, his other albums included Come'er till I tell You. Clouston married Ida Bridden at St. John's Topsail Anglican Church on November 25, 1933, they remained together until her death. Clouston died aged 94, was survived by their two children, four grandchildren, five great-grandchildren. Alwyn was the son of John Clouston, grandson of Thomas Clouston, the great-grandson of John Clouston, a stonemason from Kirkwall, Orkney, he was certainly related to Brian Clouston, Sir Edward Clouston, 1st Baronet, Storer Clouston and William Alexander Clouston, as the surname Clouston is exclusive to descendants of Haakon Harvardson Klo, from whom the name derives. However this is not supported by official records.
All that can be stated is that he had the same surname as these Cloustons
Carex bromoides, known as brome-like sedge, brome-sedge, dropseed of the woods, is a species of sedge in the genus Carex. It is native to North America. Carex bromoides was described by Carl Ludwig Willdenow in 1805, it has two accepted subspecies: Carex bromoides subsp. Bromoides — broadly distributed across eastern North America Carex bromoides subsp. Montana Naczi — restricted to Virginia, North Carolina, South CarolinaCarex bromoides subsp. Montana has larger features including wider culms and leaf blades, as well as proportionately longer perigynium beaks. Carex bromoides ranges across most of eastern North America, including Mexico, the United States, Canada, it is found in wooded wetland habitats in wet meadows
The CANT Z.501 Gabbiano was a high-wing central-hull flying boat, with two outboard floats. It was powered by a single engine installed in the middle of the main-plane and had a crew of 4–5 men, it served with the Italian Regia Aeronautica as a reconnaissance aeroplane. During its debut in 1934, it set a world distance record, it was still used throughout World War II, suffering many losses. A few remained in service until 1949. Filippo Zappata was one of the foremost Italian aircraft designers, he worked for Cantieri Aeronautici e Navali Triestini for some years, but went to France in 1927 to work for Blériot. He returned to Italy at the prompting of Italo Balbo and resumed work at CANT on a series of new aircraft; the first of these was the Z.501, designed to replace the Savoia-Marchetti S.78. The prototype Z.501 was first flown in 1934 by test pilot Mario Stoppani. The aircraft had a slim fuselage, a high parasol wing and a single wing-mounted engine nacelle. In the prototype a 560 kW inline Isotta Fraschini Asso-750.
RC engine was fitted, with an annular radiator that made the installation resemble a radial engine, although it was a liquid-cooled inline. Some versions of other planes such as the Ju 88 and Fw 190D had this same feature; the engine nacelle was extended to carry a rear-facing machine gun, while other guns were mounted in the centre fuselage and nose. All were 7.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns. Bombs up to 640 kg/1,410 lb were carried under the wings; the aerodynamic low-drag design was typical of Zappata-designed aircraft, as was the wooden construction. Production of the Z.501 began in 1935 with 24 aircraft ordered from CANT, 30 from Aeronautica Sicula, a company in Palermo. Registration numbers started with MM.35168. The production aircraft had an endurance of 12 hours. However, the record-breaking version, as was quite common at the time exceeded this; the USA had established a new endurance record of 3,860 km. It was manned by Stoppani and two others, fitted with a special metal three-blade propeller, other modifications.
On 19–20 May 1934, the modified Z.501 established a new seaplane distance record of 4,130 km, by flying from Monfalcone to Massawa, in Eritrea, in 26 hours and 35 minutes. This distance record was lost to a French aircraft that flew 4,335 km on 23 June the same year, so another record flight was made on 16 July; the plan was to fly to Djibouti, a distance of 4,700 km, but instead the aircraft flew 4,930 km to Berbera, Somaliland, in 25 hours. Z. 501's were used for anti-submarine patrols. The Z. 501 was put into service including. The more powerful 656 kW Isotta Fraschini Asso XI. RC engine was fitted, but with an additional 97 kW, the maximum speed dropped to 245 km/h, cruise speed to 200 km/h, range to 2,400 km; the first units equipped were No.141 Sqn. Eritrea, No.83 Group, Augusta, No.85, No.62, Spain. By the time Italy entered World War II on 10 June 1940, 202 aircraft were in service in 15 squadrons, they were used by 20 Sqn. and patrolled the Mediterranean, as well as performing air-sea rescue operations.
During the short campaign against France, seven Z.501s were destroyed by a French attack on their base in Sardinia. Another crashed the next day. In July, encounters with Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm fighters and accidents claimed many Z.501s, with a total of 11 destroyed in action, while the number that were operational dropped to 77. The Z.501 operated in all theatres and 62 aircraft were lost in 1940, leaving 126, of which only 87 were operational. New orders were placed with the manufacturer Aeronautica Sicula. At the end of 1941, there were Z.501s in 15 of the 27 squadrons dedicated to naval reconnaissance. Strangely, the number of operational aircraft increased to an average of 100, rising six months to 108 in 11 squadrons due to the arrival of new aircraft, they were responsible, in collaboration with Italian ships, for the destruction of HMS Union and damaged three other submarines. But their effectiveness was limited by their bombload of two 160 kg bombs. By the end of 1942, there were 199 aircraft in service.
Maritime reconnaissance had at that time 290 aircraft in total. By September 1943, there were still 240 aircraft assigned to maritime reconnaissance: only 84 were Z.501s, in three squadrons, another 11, out of 20 in total. Only around 40 aircraft were operational. Total production, 218 by CANT and 236 by Aeronautica Sicula, but 12 incomplete aircraft were captured after the invasion of Sicily. Aeronautica Sicula repaired many of the ICAF aircraft; some modifications were adopted during production, such as the removal of the nose machine gun. Some Z. 501s were supplied to the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War. Following Italy's surrender in 1943, a few of these flying boats continued to operate with both the Axis Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana and the Allied Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force. After the armistice, several flew to southern Italy, including the nine aircraft of 149 Sqn with 80 persons aboard. In October, there were 16 aircraft operational in southern Italy, which dropped to 10 by May 1945.
Bank SinoPac, or SinoPac Financial Holdings Company Ltd, is a Taiwan-based banking holding company which operates through 18 divisions and 129 branches in Taiwan. The bank was founded by Samuel Yin and Paul Lo in 1992 as Taiwan liberalized its banking regulations; as Taiwan continued to liberalize its financial market, SinoPac acquired a securities business from the Hong family of local fame in early 2000s. In late 2005, SinoPac merged with the International Bank of Taipei. SinoPac, like many other Taiwanese financial institutions, has branches and operations in the United States and major Asian cities. Far East National Bank, a wholly owned California chartered bank was acquired in 1997. SinoPac's total assets stood at about US$40 billion, its stock is traded on the Taiwan Stock Exchange. Bank SinoPac is a subsidiary of SinoPac Financial Holdings which has a market capitalization of around US$3.4 billion. List of banks in Taiwan Economy of Taiwan List of companies of Taiwan Bank Sinopac home page
Daniel Jubb is a British rocket scientist. In a 17 November 2008 article from the British newspaper The Times, he was named "one of the world's leading rocket scientists", by the Royal Air Force Wing Commander Andy Green. Having been interested in rockets since childhood, Jubb had obtained corporate financing and flew many amateur rockets, all by the time he was 14 years old. In 1995, along with his grandfather Sid Guy, he co-founded The Falcon Project, a company that designs and develops rocket engines for commercial and military applications. At that time, Jubb obtained permission from the UK Ministry of Defence to launch rockets from the missile test platform of the Otterburn Army Training Estate in Northumberland and after his rockets reached the maximum allowable launch height of 20,000 feet he wanted to go higher; the operations of The Falcon Project were moved to a location near Garlock in the Mojave Desert in California. Jubb runs The Falcon Project from a home office in his parents' house and the company supplies the MOD, United States military, plans to build satellite launch vehicles.
In a short documentary produced in 1998 for Channel 4 titled Raw Talent: The Rocket Scientist, Jubb stated that he built his first rocket at age five, "from a McDonald's straw, a light-bulb holder and some household ingredients". Although many media claims have been made about the altitudes reached by Jubb's rockets, none have appeared on the list of altitude records held by the United Kingdom Rocketry Association. In November 2005, Jubb joined the Bloodhound SSC project; the Bloodhound is a jet and rocket powered car, designed to break the land speed record by traveling at 1,000 miles per hour. Jubb and The Falcon Project designed and tested their hybrid rocket engine that will produce an estimated 25,000 lbs of thrust, suitable for either Bloodhound SSC or Virgin Galactic's SpaceShip Two. In addition, The Falcon Project Ltd completed and tested a full scale monopropellant thruster for sub-sonic testing of the vehicle. On 28 November 2010 Neil Armstrong visited the Bloodhound SSC headquarters and chatted with the team, including Jubb.
This 3 October 2012 report was televised on the Bloodhound SSC hybrid rocket fabricated by The Falcon Project Ltd with Daniel Jubb as director, tested in public at Newquay, GB. Due to escalating costs caused by control system delays, the hybrid rocket for Bloodhound will instead be developed by Nammo. On 10 June 2015, Jubb visited Stokesley School and spoke with Year 10 students extensively about Rocket Science and assisted them in fitting their own rockets with motors, a great success. Jubb has been noted for his prominent moustache which earned him recognition from The Chap magazine. United Kingdom Aerospace Youth Rocketry Challenge Roy Dommett Daniel Jubb - Falcon Project - Daniel Jubb's profile on the Bloodhound SSC official project site