Route 10 (MTA Maryland)
Route 10 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore and its suburbs. The line runs from the Wal-Mart parking lot in Catonsville to Bullneck Road/Turner's Station Dundalk along the corridors of Frederick Road on the west side and Eastern Avenue on the east side, serving the communities of Yale Heights, downtown Baltimore, Fells Point, Highlandtown; the bus route is the successor to the 8 Catonsville, 10 Highlandtown, 26 Sparrows Point streetcar lines. Route 10 was electrified in 1893 as a streetcar route between Point Breeze. Between Roland Park and downtown Baltimore, the route was similar to that of the current Route 27. There were branches to Union Avenue and Sweet Air industrial parks. From downtown to Point Breeze, routing was similar to that of today's route, with slight variations in the streets on which the trolleys operated. In 1940, Route 10 was shortened to Highlandtown, service to Point Breeze was provided on a new Route 20 shuttle. Though today's Route 20 does serve the Dundalk area, the no. 20 Point Breeze shuttle was an unrelated service.
The origin of the current Route 20 was as a service along Baltimore Street. In 1959, Route 10 was converted to a rubber tire bus operation. Service was extended west to Pimlico and east to Sparrows Point after being combined with Route 26, which started operation in 1926 as a separate streetcar line, before its conversion to a shorter shuttle streetcar in 1950, with riders on other parts of the line being diverted to Route 10. Route 26 ended its operation in 1959. In 1982, Route 10 was split into two routes; the Route 10 designation was used for a line that ran from State Center (the future location of the State Center Metro Subway Station to the Dundalk area. A new Route 27 was formed that back operated from Pimlico to Albemarle Street, serving the northern portion of this route. In 1992, the route to Sparrows Point was modified, buses took Wise Avenue rather than the Peninsula Expressway; this was done because of a road closure, but MTA, finding a demand for bus service on Wise Avenue, did not change the route back.
In 2005, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, a comprehensive overhaul plan for the region's transit system, Route 10 was combined with Route 2, extended west from downtown Baltimore to Catonsville. Under this plan, all trips were routed to the Bullneck Road loop in Dundalk. Service to Sparrows Point, which had low ridership and required a heavy taxpayer subsidy, was no longer provided, all other short branches on the route were discontinued. In addition, a portion of the route between Lombard Street and the State Center Metro subway station was eliminated. Riders on Wise Avenue were instructed to use Route 4; the combined route was identified as Route 2/10 during a transitional period. On February 5, 2006, it was renamed to Route 10. On November 1, 2016, a route 10 bus was involved in a fatal crash with a school bus. Six people, including the drivers of both buses and four passengers of the MTA bus were killed; the crash is under investigation. As part of the BaltimoreLink overhaul, on June 18, 2017 Route 10 will be served by two different routes.
CityLink Purple will take the entire western part of Route 10, CityLink Navy will take the eastern part of Route 10, with the route moving through O'Donnell Heights. Route 46 Route 30 Route 10 map and schedule effective February 10, 2011
Interstate 695 (Maryland)
Interstate 695 is a 51.46-mile-long full beltway Interstate Highway extending around Baltimore, United States. I-695 is designated the McKeldin Beltway, but is colloquially referred to as either the Baltimore Beltway or 695; the route is an auxiliary route of I-95, intersecting that route southwest of Baltimore near Arbutus and northeast of the city near White Marsh. It intersects other major roads radiating from the Baltimore area, including I-97 near Glen Burnie, the Baltimore–Washington Parkway near Linthicum, I-70 near Woodlawn, I-795 near Pikesville, I-83 in the Timonium area; the 19.37-mile portion of the Baltimore Beltway between I-95 northeast of Baltimore and I-97 south of Baltimore is MD 695, is not part of the Interstate Highway System, but is signed as I-695. This section of the route includes the Francis Scott Key Bridge that crosses over the Patapsco River; the bridge and its approaches are maintained by the Maryland Transportation Authority while the remainder of the Baltimore Beltway is maintained by the Maryland State Highway Administration.
The Baltimore Beltway was first planned in 1949 by Baltimore County. The length of the route from MD 2 south of Baltimore clockwise to U. S. Route 40 northeast of the city opened in stages from 1955 to 1962, providing an Interstate bypass of Baltimore, it was the first beltway in the United States to be built as part of the Interstate Highway System. Plans were made to finish the remainder of the route, with a diversion to the Windlass Freeway and the Patapsco Freeway, opened in 1973, following the cancellation of a more outer route, to follow what is today MD 702; the Outer Harbor Crossing over the Patapsco River, dedicated to Francis Scott Key, who wrote The Star-Spangled Banner, its approaches were finished in 1977, completing the route around Baltimore. The approaches to the bridge were two lanes to accommodate a tunnel, proposed to run under the river. There are future plans for I-695. In addition, the northeastern interchange with I-95 has been reconstructed in 2014 to accommodate express toll lanes that were added to I-95, construction took place in 2016 to remove I-695's carriageway crossovers here.
Starting at the zero milepost in Baltimore, I-695, which at this point is called MD 695 and is maintained by the Maryland Transportation Authority, is four lanes wide. The route passes over Curtis Creek on a pair of drawbridges here, which have 58 feet of vertical navigational clearance and provide access for tall ships to a U. S. Coast Guard base further upstream. Continuing west through industrial areas into Anne Arundel County, the route encounters the northern terminus of MD 10 at a directional interchange, where maintenance switches to the Maryland State Highway Administration; the interchange includes access to the next interchange, with MD 2, a major north–south route between Baltimore and the southern suburbs, in Glen Burnie. This interchange has access to northbound MD 2 in both directions and from northbound MD 2 to the westbound direction. Beyond MD 2, I-695 encounters I-895 Spur, a short connector to I-895. Past this interchange, I-695 comes to an interchange with the northern terminus of I-97, which terminates on the Beltway.
At this point, the route becomes I-695. The route continues west as a six-lane freeway, it interchanges with MD 648, where 132,330 vehicles travel I-695 every day, before turning northwest and intersecting MD 170 and passing over MTA Maryland's Baltimore Light RailLink. The route encounters the Baltimore–Washington Parkway at a cloverleaf interchange where the route’s signage changes from east–west to north–south at this interchange, it turns more to the north from here and heads into commercial areas, interchanging with MD 168 and Hammonds Ferry Road. Past this interchange, the route crosses the Patapsco River into Baltimore County and soon encounters a partial interchange with I-895 with access only from the southbound direction of I-695 to I-895 northbound and from I-895 southbound to the northbound direction of I-695. Past this interchange, I-695 heads north, interchanging with Hollins Ferry Road in Lansdowne before passing under CSX’s Baltimore Terminal Subdivision and coming to an interchange with US 1 Alt. in Arbutus.
A short distance I-695 comes to a semidirectional interchange with I-95. I-695 widens to nine lanes past interchange with I-95, with five lanes in the southbound direction and four lanes in the northbound direction. Running northwest, it crosses over Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor and comes to a partial interchange with US 1, with a southbound exit and northbound entrance. From here, it continues northwest through residential areas of Catonsville to an interchange with MD 372. Narrowing to eight lanes total, with four lanes in each direction, beyond MD 372, the route continues through suburban neighborhoods before coming to an interchange with MD 144. At this
Route 22 (MTA Maryland)
LocalLink 22 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore. The line operates between the Mondawmin Metro Subway Station and Bayview Medical Center, serving Television Hill, the Woodberry Light Rail Stop, The Rotunda, Johns Hopkins University, Belair-Edison, Highlandtown. Part of the route is the successor to the No. 34 bus line. In 1907, the no. 34 streetcar started operating, known as the Highlandtown Short Line. It operated until 1950. Route 22 started operating in 1947 as the successor to Bus Route S, which operated along a similar route starting in 1937. In 1971, selected trips were extended through Southwest Baltimore along a route similar to today's Route 16; this service operated to Brooklyn, serving Rosemont, Lutheran Hospital, the corridor of Hilton Street, Caton Avenue, Patapsco Avenue. In 1975, Route 22 was modified to absorb parts of Routes 34 and 57. In January 2001, service between Mondawmin and Brooklyn was split into a separate line identified as Route 16 in order to simplify an improve the reliability of service.
The frequency of Route 16 would be increased during the decade. In 2006, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, the frequency of service on Route 22 was nearly doubled at most times to provide improved crosstown service, though the route of the line was not changed. On June 18, 2017, Route 22 became LocalLink 22, runs along the same route. In the novel The Reappearance of Sam Webber By Jonathon Scott Fuqua, the narrator describes throughout the book catching the bus to various points along Route 22. Part of the route of Route 22 is described in Journeys to the heart of Baltimore By Michael Olesker, in reference to where various ethnic groups board and depart, though the number 22 is not mentioned
Route 7 (MTA Maryland)
Route 7 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore. The line runs from Canton, Baltimore to the Mondawmin Metro Subway Station, serving the communities of Butcher's Hill, Little Italy, Sandtown-Winchester; the bus route is the successor to the 18 Canton, 18 Pennsylvania Avenue, Hudson Street streetcar lines. Between 1893 and 1931, the Route 7 designation was used for a streetcar that operated between Govanstown and Irvington as a short-turn version of the No. 8 Streetcar. The no. 7 designation was not given to this route until 1959, when it was combined with the Reisterstown Road bus, which at that time had that designation. The Baltimore City Passenger Railway opened a line along Baltimore Street, Greene Street, Pennsylvania Avenue, Cumberland Street to Boundary Avenue on August 24, 1859; the line was extended along North Avenue, McCulloh Street, Cloverdale Road to Madison Avenue, through-routed to Canton as the Green Line. The line was electrified in 1894 and numbered Route 18 in 1899.
Bus Route L began serving Reisterstown Road to Pikesville on July 3, 1929. On June 27, 1948, it was combined with Route 5 as Route 5/7. Route 18 was replaced by buses on June 8, 1952, on September 6, 1959 it was absorbed into Route 7, shifted from Druid Hill Avenue to Pennsylvania Avenue. Soon after the Metro Subway opened, Route 7 was truncated on June 18, 1984 to its current terminal at Mondawmin station during the subway's operating hours. One new route - Route M-2 - was formed beyond Mondawmin, along Reisterstown Road to Old Court Road at Pikesville, it was extended to the Old Court Metro Subway Station on August 31, 1987, soon after that station opened. Route 7 was truncated full-time to Mondawmin in 2001. In 2005, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, MTA planned to eliminate Route 7 and require riders to walk a few blocks to other nearby routes. Due to public outcry, this line remained intact. In future proposed phases of GBBI, plans were in place to reduce the frequency or change the routing of Route 7, but no such changes were made.
On June 18, 2017 as part of the BaltimoreLink transit overhaul Route 7 will be divided into multiple routes. CityLink Lime will take over the upper part of the Pennsylvania Avenue section of Route 7, LocalLink 65 will take over the Pratt and Lombard Streets to Canton part of Route 7, LocalLink 73 will take over the lower part of Pennsylvania Avenue to Paca and Greene Streets part of Route 7. Between 1970 and 2000, a special service using the no. 7 designation operated for the employees of Rosewood Center in Owings Mills. The service has started to replace Route H service operated by experimental Job Express Transit in 1969. Rosewood trips shared parts of the regular route of Route 7, including some parts in which limited stops were made, hence an express designation. In 1997, a new Route M-17 was formed. Route M-17 started as a replacement for special branches of Routes M-9 and M-16, which were combined at the time; the initial proposal was for the 7 Rosewood branch to be discontinued except on Sundays, the new Route M-17 to serve Rosewood on weekdays and Saturdays.
But public outcry resulted in the 7 Rosewood service being retained. When Route M-17 was first introduced in 1997, it did not serve Rosewood at all, operated between the Business Center at Owings Mills and the Owings Mills Corporate Campus, but a year Route M-17 was modified to serve Rosewood as well as the T. Rowe Price Owings Mills campus. In 1998, Route M-17 had another addition in which service to the ADP building on Red Run Boulevard, providing service to other office buildings that would be built along Red Run. Midday service to Red Run existed in 1999, but was discontinued due to low ridership. In 2001, the 7 Rosewood service was redesignated Route 102. Routing was modified to serve the Owings Mills Metro Subway Station; the name change was not free of controversy. In 2005, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, Route 102 was discontinued. Low ridership and a heavy burden on taxpayers was cited as the reason. Additional trips were added on Route M-17 to accommodate riders of Route 102, including late night and weekend service.
Other parts of Route M-17 that had low ridership were discontinued, including those to the Owings Mills Corporate Campus and T. Rowe Price. On August 30, 2009, following the closure of Rosewood, Route M-17 was discontinued and the Red Run Portion was absorbed by the 59. No replacement was made for any service north of Reisterstown Road; the no. 7 bus is found in the novel Woodholme By DeWayne Wickham. In this book, the main characters have a driver catch them up to a no. 7 bus on Reisterstown Road. Route 7 Map and schedule, effective February 7, 2010
Charles Village, Baltimore
Charles Village is a neighborhood located in the north-central area of Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It is a middle-class area with many single-family homes, in proximity to many of Baltimore's urban amenities; the neighborhood began in 1869. The land was divided and turned over to various builders who constructed home exteriors, leaving the interiors to be custom built according to buyer specifications; the area was first developed as a streetcar suburb in the early 20th century, is thought to be the first community to employ tract housing tactics. At the time, the area was known as Peabody Heights; the neighborhood history has been researched and published by Gregory J. Alexander and Paul K. Williams in their book Charles Village: A Brief History. Charles Village in a strict sense consists of the area to the east and south of the Johns Hopkins University Homewood campus. However, smaller neighborhoods to the east of this area — including Abell and Harwood, are considered by residents and other Baltimoreans to be part of Greater Charles Village.
The Charles Village Community Benefits District covers a hundred-block area bounded by 33rd Street to the north, Greenmount Avenue to the east, 25th Street and 20th Street to the south, Johns Hopkins and Howard Street to the west. This area contains over 700 businesses; the Charles Village Community Benefits District Management Authority is a public entity that provides services within the CVCBD. One of the Charles Village's defining features is its proximity to Johns Hopkins Homewood Campus. Many of the university's staff and students live in the neighborhood in the areas adjacent to the campus; as a result, Charles Village has for the past several decades attracted a large population of artists and bohemians. The area has a reputation for being one of the more racially diverse neighborhoods in a city, segregated for decades; the neighborhood in general becomes more affluent as you travel from south to north and from east to west. Though there are a number of apartment buildings, much of Charles Village's housing stock consists of two- and three-story rowhouses built in the early 20th century.
Many of the houses have been well maintained and, along with the rest of the city, the neighborhood has seen a boom in real estate prices in the first half of the 2000s. Some of the larger rowhouses have been converted into multi-unit apartment houses in more recent decades. In 1998, Charles Village residents were challenged to take up a paint brush and choose vividly uncommon colors for the facades and front porches of their Victorian rowhouses. Within five years, residents had enlivened more than 100 homes, including several which the owners have repainted more than once. More was at stake, than just neighborly relations, and as the painters increased, so did the number of competitions, to up to three times a year with new prizes. City blocks, best railings, entire homes were up for judging; the contests ended in 2003, but Charles Village homeowners say they are looking for the funding to restart the contest. The contests' lasting result is that the neighborhood is now part of iconic Baltimore, with pictures of the "Painted Ladies", as the homes are known, appearing on travel guides and magazine covers.
The neighborhood includes several small commercial districts and is within walking distance to the well-attended Waverly farmer's market. However, unlike many of the trendier neighborhoods in the city, there are few large-scale retail areas; that is in the process of changing, however, as two blocks of St. Paul Street in the northern part of the neighborhood have been redeveloped. On October 21, 2006, the first phase of a new development project was completed: a Barnes & Noble bookstore opened as an anchor to the retail space of a new dorm building, called Charles Commons, for Hopkins students; the project, completed in 2007, converted a stretch of rowhouses and small apartment buildings to the 600+ capacity dorm as well as multi-story condominiums, all of which contain ground-floor retail. The Barnes & Noble now serves both as the Johns Hopkins student bookstore and as a standard retail outlet for residents of North Baltimore City; the Charles Village Community Benefits District Management Authority is a special taxing district, one of four in Baltimore, the others being the Midtown Benefits District in Mount Vernon, the Downtown Partnership and the Waterfront Partnership.
The CVCBD's geographical boundaries include four neighborhoods in the northern part of the city: Charles Village, Harwood and Old Goucher. Property owners within the CVCBDMA pay 12 cents per $100 of assessed value over and above city taxes to support the supplemental sanitation and safety services provided by the District; the CVCBD was formed in 1994 through the efforts of the Charles Village Civic Association, led by its then-president Ed Hargadon. Shafer had been spurred into action by the 1992 murder of an employee in the company parking lot, he had pursued Benefits District legisl
Towson University is a public university in Towson, Maryland. It is a part of the University System of Maryland. Founded in 1866 as Maryland's first training school for teachers, Towson University has evolved into a four-year degree-granting institution consisting of eight colleges with over 20,000 students enrolled. Towson is one of the largest public universities in Maryland and still produces the most teachers of any university in the state; the General Assembly of Maryland established what would become Towson University in 1865, with the allocation of funds directed toward Maryland's first teacher-training school, or called "normal school". On January 15, 1866, this institution, known as the "Maryland State Normal School" opened its doors as part of the substantial modern educational reforms prescribed by the Unionist/Radical Republican Party-dominated Maryland Constitution of 1864 of the Civil War-era state government, which provided for a new state superintendent of public instruction and a Board of Education to be appointed to advise and supervise the counties, in addition to the progressive public educational system established in 1829 in Baltimore City.
Located at Red Man's Hall on North Paca Street in Baltimore, the new teachers' school enrolled eleven students and fostered three faculty members. McFadden Alexander Newell served as the school's first principal as well as the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and oversaw the first graduating class of sixteen students in June 1866; as time passed, the enrollment in the school grew exponentially. The State Normal School soon outgrew its temporary facilities in Red Man's Hall on Paca Street and moved to another temporary location in 1873 on the northeast corner of North Charles and East Franklin Streets, in the former William Howard Greek Revival mansion, his family was now starting to develop and lay out city streets; the landmark mansion, known as the Union Club by 1863 and became the Athenaeum Club. The following year, the General Assembly appropriated money to construct an exclusive building to house the burgeoning school. In 1876, the Normal School moved its faculty and 206 students to this new landmark facility located in West Baltimore facing Lafayette Square on Carrollton and Lafayette Avenues.
The demand for qualified teachers became overwhelming by the turn of the century. The Maryland Department of Education reported an annual need for 350 new teachers, but the Maryland State Normal School was graduating fewer than 100; the facilities in West Baltimore were now inadequate to meet state demands. Principal Sarah Richmond, one of the original eleven graduates, began a campaign to establish a campus where the school could function more appropriately. In 1910, the General Assembly formed a committee to oversee site selection and design plans for the new campus. John Charles Linthicum was appointed president of the committee, alongside State Superintendent M. Bates Stephens and Sarah Richmond; the committee surveyed locations at Roland Park, Lutherville-Timonium, Mount Washington, Pimlico and many other areas. The committee settled on an 80-acre site in Towson and the General Assembly financed the $600,000 move in 1912. Construction began in 1913 on the Administration Building, now known as Stephens Hall.
In September 1915, the new campus, comprising Stephens Hall, Newell Hall, the power plant, began classes. In 1934, the state decreed that new public school teachers must have baccalaureate degrees instead of two-year teaching certificates, the school retooled its curriculum to issue Bachelor of Science degrees; the following year, the school changed its name to Maryland State Teachers College at Towson. As the name implied, the college's single purpose was to train teachers. In 1946, the institution established a junior college to offer two years of college work on a transfer basis; this expansion laid the foundation of what was to become the art and sciences program. In 1958, the college offered its first graduate program leading to a Master of Education degree. In 1960, the college expanded the art and science programs into four-year courses and began awarding bachelor's degrees in these fields. Due to this change in focus, the name changed once more to Towson State College. Beginning in 1964, the college enrollment rates began a dramatic increase as the baby boomer generation began applying to colleges.
Within a decade, Towson State's enrollment climbed from 3,537 to 13,399. This expansion led to the construction of the Center for the Arts, University Union, Cook Library, many other new facilities. Under the presidency of James L. Fisher, the college expanded the courses offered to meet the demands of the growing student body. In 1976, the school's name changed again to Towson State University. In 1988, TU joined 10 other public institutions in the newly created University System of Maryland. On July 1, 1997, another name change took effect. Towson became Towson University; the new name recognized shifts in funding and the development and growth of Towson as a metropolitan university. On October 14, 2014, Barry Freundel, a Jewish scholar and religious studies and philosophy professor at Towson University was suspended after being arrested in connection to allegations that he secretly videotaped women as they used a religious bath known a
Route 28 (MTA Maryland LocalLink)
LocalLink 28 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore. The line runs from the Rogers Avenue Metro Subway Station in Northwest Baltimore to a loop in Moravia in Northeast Baltimore. Service is provided about once every 10–15 minutes during rush hour, every 20 minutes midday, every 30 minutes on Saturdays, hourly on Sundays; the line operates along the cross-town corridor of Coldspring Lane and Moravia Road, transversing Arlington, Park Heights, Roland Park and Montebello. The line passes several universities, including Loyola College, Notre Dame, Morgan State University; the first bus route to operate along Coldspring Lane was the no. 35 bus, which operated from 1968 to 1969 before being discontinued. The line performed well on AM trips operating to Morgan State, PM trips from Morgan State, but reverse trips were nearly empty, thereby leading the route to be considered a failure at the time; the no. 33 designation was used in Baltimore transit history for three other routes, including a streetcar that served the Arlington area, near a portion of the present Route 33.
The other routes include a streetcar route along Hudson Street that operated 1920-24, was merged into the no. 18 streetcar (currently bus route 7, a bus that operated along Milton Street 1950-1954, now a part of Route 13. The current Route 33 started operating in 1977. At that time, it was introduced as an experimental service, with expectations that it would not be successful, it ran on weekdays only during rush hour and midday, there was no evening or weekend service. Its route was from Arlington to Morgan State only. About a year the line was seen as somewhat of a success. Service was extended during rush hour to the current Moravia loop, middays to Montebello State Hospital; the line saw no further improvements until 1986. During that year and Saturday service were added. On weekdays, the line operate until 10 PM, on Saturdays, intervals were 90 minutes, the most service allowable with a single bus. In 1993, the line was improved again. All trips were extended to the Moravia loop, midday service was improved from intervals of 50 to 35 minutes.
Evening hours were extended to midnight, Saturday service was doubled to intervals of 45 minutes. In 1995, Sunday service on this line was added, though it operated only once every 90 minutes, the previous Saturday frequency. In 2005, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, the line saw an unplanned extension; the original plan was to extend Route 33 to Eastpoint Mall via North Point Boulevard, to improve the frequency. But with a public outcry in response to the elimination of certain branches on other lines a deviation on Route 35, Route 33 was extended to provide bus service in those communities. Service, extended to Eastpoint Mall started operating via the Armistead Gardens community; this resulted in a slight reduction in service frequency except on Sundays. But the frequency of service on this line, proposed for an increase in the original phase of GBBI, was improved in 2006. Three months the route was extended again about a mile to the Essex Park-and-Ride lot in order to improve efficiency in looping.
An modification shifted service from Eastern Avenue to Rolling Mill Road. On August 30, 2009, all trips on Route 33 were shortened to the Moravia loop, Route 24 was extended west from Middle River to replace service south of Moravia. In 2017, Route 33 was renamed Route 28 under BaltimoreLink