... Yes Please! is the fourth studio album by British band Happy Mondays, released in 1992. It was their final album recorded on the Factory Records label, it is reasoned by many, including Shaun Ryder in his autobiography, that one of the reasons for the album's failure was the change of producer between the third album, 1990's Pills'n' Thrills and Bellyaches and this one. Paul Oakenfold, the third album's producer, was unavailable to produce Yes Please! The new production team, consisting of Talking Heads and Tom Tom Club veterans Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth, drastically changed the band's sound from that of the previous album. Whilst before, Happy Mondays' sound had been grounded in a fusion of rock and acid house music, here it was replaced in favor of Caribbean-influenced synthpop more in line with Frantz and Weymouth's portfolios. While the band had enjoyed universal critical approval for their Madchester music, the change of sound on this album— to a genre that had fallen out of critical and public favor in the wake of alternative rock's 1991 commercial breakthrough— garnered significant critical backlash against the band, reflected by low sales.
According to Peter Hook of Factory Records' other most popular band, New Order, Yes Please! sold only a thousand copies. The album was included in Pitchfork Media's 2010 list of "ten career-killing albums" of the 1990s; the band along with their families went to Barbados to record the album. It was recorded in the studio at Eddy Grant's house, where they bumped into Mick Jagger on a few occasions, staying nearby; this trip was nothing short of a disaster. Shaun Ryder did bring enough methadone to last him for four weeks, but inadvertently smashed the case at Manchester Airport. After running out of money, they took extreme measures such as selling the furniture from Eddy Grant's studio and creating "crack dens" out of sun-loungers in Eddy's own swimming pool. Bez ended up breaking his arm after overturning a hire car, while Shaun had failed to write any lyrics; when the band returned to the UK, Shaun got hold of the master tapes for the album, threatening to destroy them if Tony Wilson and Factory Records did not cough up any money for them.
When Factory did get hold of them, the recordings contained no vocals, which meant the whole exercise was a waste of time and money for Factory. Shortly after the album was released, Factory Records was declared bankrupt. On a more humorous, but bizarre note, Shaun attempted to "kidnap legendary guitarist Johnny Marr to join them on their excursion to Barbados." Marr says he was a member of Happy Mondays for "about 25 minutes". The final song of the album, "Cowboy Dave", was written in reference to Dave Rowbotham, former guitarist of The Durutti Column, murdered in 1991; the lyrics alluded to the group's suspicions about the circumstances of his death. All tracks written by Happy Mondays. "Stinkin' Thinkin'" – 4:17 "Monkey in the Family" – 4:41 "Sunshine & Love" – 4:46 "Dustman" – 3:44 "Angel" – 5:51 "Cut'Em Loose Bruce" – 4:26 "Theme from Netto" – 4:13 "Love Child" – 5:12 "Total Ringo" – 3:38 "Cowboy Dave" – 7:43 "Stinkin' Thinkin'" "Sunshine & Love" "Angel" Chris Frantz - Producer Tina Weymouth - Producer Steven Stanley - Mixing Mark Roule - Recording Simon Machan - Programming and Sampling Scott Hull - Editing Paul Ryder - Bass Guitar Shaun Ryder - Vocals Mark Day - Guitars Bez - Bez Rowetta - Backing Vocals Gary Whelan - Drums Paul Davis - Keyboards Bruce Martin - Percussion Kermit - Additional Vocals on "Cut'em Loose Bruce" Maria Carroll - cover painting
Simon Phillip Cowell is an English television music and talent competition judge, businessman, A&R executive, talent manager, television producer. He has judged on the British TV talent competition series Pop Idol, The X Factor and Britain's Got Talent, the American TV talent competition shows American Idol, The X Factor and America's Got Talent. Cowell is the principal and chief executive of the British entertainment company Syco. Cowell makes blunt and controversial comments as a television show judge, including insults and wisecracks about contestants and their singing abilities, he combines activities in music industries. Cowell has produced and promoted singles and albums for various singers whom he has taken under his wing, he is popularly known for signing successful boybands such as Westlife, One Direction and CNCO. In 2004 and 2010, Time named Cowell one of the 100 most influential people in the world. In 2008, The Daily Telegraph ranked him sixth in their list of the "100 most powerful people in British culture".
Simon Phillip Cowell was born on 7 October 1959 in Lambeth and raised in Elstree, Hertfordshire. His mother, Julie Brett, was a ballet dancer and socialite, his father, Eric Selig Phillip Cowell, was an estate agent, property developer, music industry executive. Cowell's paternal grandmother was a Polish immigrant, his father was from a Jewish family, though he did not discuss his background with his children, his mother was from a Christian background. He has Nicholas Cowell. Cowell attended Radlett Preparatory School and the independent Dover College, as did his brother, but left after taking GCE O levels, he passed English Language and Literature, attended Windsor Technical College, where he gained another GCE in Sociology. Cowell took a few menial jobs—including, according to his brother Tony, working as a runner on Stanley Kubrick's 1980 horror film The Shining—but did not get along well with colleagues and bosses, until his father, an executive at EMI Music Publishing, managed to get him a job in the mail room.
However, after failing to get a promotion, he left to try out other jobs before returning to EMI. In the early 1980s, he left EMI to form E&S Music with his former boss at EMI, but quit in 1983, he formed Fanfare Records with Iain Burton selling exercise videos, music from acts such as the Italian orchestra Rondò Veneziano. He had his first hit song in 1986 with "So Macho" by Sinitta; some of Cowell's early success came through Stock Aitken Waterman, who produced a number of hits in the 1980s. However, in 1989, the company went under and he nearly became bankrupt, he found a job with BMG as an A&R consultant, set up S Records under BMG. He restarted his career in the music business by creating novelty records with acts such as the puppets Zig and Zag, Power Rangers, World Wrestling Federation. In 1995, through his persistence, he persuaded two actors, Robson Green and Jerome Flynn from the UK television drama series Soldier Soldier, to sign with him and record the song "Unchained Melody", which they had performed on the show.
The recording by the duo, now named Robson & Jerome reached number 1 in the UK, staying at the top of the chart for seven weeks. It became the best selling single of 1995, their self-titled album released in the year became the best-selling album of 1995, they released a further album and 2 more singles before disbanding, sold 7 million albums and 5 million singles in total. According to Cowell, they made him his first million. Acts he signed included Five and Teletubbies. Westlife are an Irish boy band that formed in Dublin in July 1998, they have sold over 50 million records worldwide, a total that includes studio albums, video releases, compilation albums. The group have had 14 number-one singles in the United Kingdom, they have had a total of 26 UK top ten singles over their fourteen-year career. In 2001, Cowell was given the role of judge on the first series of Pop Idol, a show that he and the show creator Simon Fuller pitched to ITV Controller of Entertainment Claudia Rosencrantz. Cowell's S Records signed the top two finishers of the first season of Pop Idol, Will Young and Gareth Gates, both of whom went on to have No 1 UK hits, which were the top 2 best-selling singles of 2002 and the decade of 2000s.
He became a judge on the first season of American Idol in 2002. With his notoriously critical reputation, Cowell has been likened to TV personalities such as Judith Sheindlin, Anne Robinson of her show. Cowell's prominence grew, fed by his signature phrase, "I don't mean to be rude, but..." followed by an unsparingly blunt appraisal of the contestant's talents, personality, or physical appearance. A lot of these one-liners were the product of coaching that Cowell received from noted publicist Max Clifford. Cowell appeared on the one-off World Idol programme in 2003, where it became clear that each country's version of the Idol had attempted to come up with its own "Simon Cowell" type personality. In 2003, Cowell placed No 33 on Channel 4's list of the all-time 100 Worst Britons. Cowell formed a new company Syco, divided into three units: Syco Music, Syco TV and Syco Film. Cowell returned to music with his latest brainchild signed to Syco, the internationally successful operatic pop group Il Divo, consisting of three opera singers and one pop singer of four different nationalities.
Inspired by the success of Il Divo, Simon created a child version
The Sun (United Kingdom)
The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. As a broadsheet, it was founded in 1964 as a successor to the Daily Herald, it is published by the News Group Newspapers division of News UK, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corp. Since The Sun on Sunday was launched in February 2012, the paper has been a seven-day operation; the Sun had the largest circulation of any daily newspaper in the United Kingdom, but it was overtaken by rival Metro in March 2018. In 2012, The Sun on Sunday was launched to replace the closed News of the World, employing some of its former journalists; the average circulation for The Sun on Sunday in January 2019 was 1,178,687. In January 2019, it had an average daily circulation of 1.4 million. The Sun has been involved in many controversies in its history, including its coverage of the 1989 Hillsborough football stadium disaster. Regional editions of the newspaper for Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland are published in Glasgow and Dublin respectively.
The Sun was first published as a broadsheet on 15 September 1964, with a logo featuring a glowing orange disc. It was launched by owners IPC to replace the failing Daily Herald; the paper was intended to add a readership of "social radicals" to the Herald's "political radicals". There was "an immense and superior middle class, hitherto undetected and yearning for its own newspaper", wrote Bernard Shrimsley of Abrams' work forty-years later. "As delusions go, this was in the El Dorado class". Launched with an advertising budget of £400,000, the brash new paper "burst forth with tremendous energy", according to The Times, its initial print run of 3.5 million was attributed to "curiosity" and the "advantage of novelty", had declined to the previous circulation of the Daily Herald within a few weeks. By 1969, according to Hugh Cudlipp, The Sun was losing about £2m a year and had a circulation of 800,000. IPC decided to sell to stop the losses, according to Bernard Shrimsley in 2004, out of a fear that the unions would disrupt publication of the Mirror if they did not continue to publish the original Sun.
Bill Grundy wrote in The Spectator in July 1969 that although it published "fine writers" in Geoffrey Goodman, Nancy Banks-Smith and John Akass among others, it had never overcome the negative impact of its launch at which it still resembled the Herald. The pre-Murdoch Sun was "a worthy, leftish, popular broadsheet" in the opinion of Patrick Brogan in 1982. Book publisher and Member of Parliament Robert Maxwell, eager to buy a British newspaper, offered to take it off their hands and retain its commitment to the Labour Party, but admitted there would be redundancies among the printers. Rupert Murdoch, had bought the News of the World, a sensationalist Sunday newspaper, the previous year, but the presses in the basement of his building in London's Bouverie Street were unused six days a week. Seizing the opportunity to increase his presence on Fleet Street, he made an agreement with the print unions, promising fewer redundancies if he acquired the newspaper, he assured IPC that he would publish a "straightforward, honest newspaper" which would continue to support Labour.
IPC, under pressure from the unions, rejected Maxwell's offer, Murdoch bought the paper for £800,000, to be paid in instalments. He would remark: "I am amazed at the ease with which I entered British newspapers"; the Daily Herald had been printed in Manchester since 1930, as was the Sun after its original launch in 1964, but Murdoch stopped publication there in 1969 which put the ageing Bouverie Street presses under extreme pressure as circulation grew. Murdoch found he had such a rapport with Larry Lamb over lunch that other potential recruits as editor were not interviewed and Lamb was appointed as the first editor of the new Sun. Lamb wanted Bernard Shrimsley to be his deputy, which Murdoch accepted as Shrimsley had been the second name on his list of preferences. Lamb was scathing in his opinion of the Daily Mirror, where he had been employed as a senior sub-editor, shared Murdoch's view that a paper's quality was best measured by its sales, he regarded the Mirror as overstaffed, too focused on an ageing readership.
Godfrey Hodgson of The Sunday Times interviewed Murdoch at this time and expressed a positive view of the rival's "Mirrorscope" supplement. "If you think we're going to have any of that upmarket shit in our paper," Murdoch replied dropping a sample copy into a bin, "you're much mistaken". Lamb hastily recruited a staff of about 125 reporters, who were selected for availability rather than their ability; this was about a quarter of what the Mirror employed, Murdoch had to draft in staff on loan from his Australian papers. Murdoch relaunched The Sun as a tabloid, ran it as a sister paper to the News of the World; the Sun used the same printing presses, the two papers were managed together at senior executive levels. The tabloid Sun was first published on 17 November 1969, with a front page headlined "HORSE DOPE SENSATION", an ephemeral "exclusive". An editorial on page 2 announced: "Today's Sun is a new newspaper, it has new writers, new ideas. But it inherits all, best from the great traditions of its predecessors.
The Sun cares. About the quality of life. About the kind of world we live in, and about people". The first issue had an "exclusive interview" with the Labour Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, on page 9; the paper copied the rival Daily Mirror in several ways. It was the same size and its masthead had the t
The X Factor (UK TV series)
The X Factor is a British reality television music competition to find new singing talent. The contestants are aspiring singers drawn from public auditions. Created by Simon Cowell, the show began in 2004 and has since aired annually from August/September until December; the show is produced by Cowell's production company Syco Entertainment. It is simulcast on Virgin Media One in Ireland. "X Factor" refers to the undefinable "something". The series consists of auditions, judges' houses, several weeks of live shows, semi-finals and the final; the series had a spin-off behind-the-scenes show called The Xtra Factor, which aired directly after the main show on ITV2. This lasted for the first thirteen series, when it was cancelled by ITV in January 2017, it is replaced by an online spin-off show Xtra Bites on the ITV Hub. The first three series were presented by Kate Thornton from series four to eleven, the show was presented by Dermot O'Leary. Series 12 was presented by Caroline Flack and Olly Murs with O'Leary returning for series 13 onwards.
The original judging panel consisted of Sharon Osbourne and Cowell. In 2005, Paula Abdul joined the show as a guest judge whilst Osbourne was away joined the panel in 2006 for three sets of auditions. Brian Friedman replaced Walsh in the fourth series, which saw Dannii Minogue join the panel. Friedman left during the auditions, Walsh replaced Friedman. Cheryl Cole replaced Osbourne in the fifth series. Gary Barlow, Kelly Rowland and Tulisa joined the panel in the eighth series as replacements for Cowell and Cole. Rowland was replaced by Nicole Scherzinger. Osbourne returned to the panel in the tenth series. Cowell and Cole returned to replace Barlow and Osbourne in eleventh series, while Mel B replaced Scherzinger. In the twelfth series, Mel B and Walsh were replaced by Nick Grimshaw. For the thirteenth and fourteenth series, Walsh and Scherzinger returned, replacing Grimshaw, Fernandez-Versini and Ora. Following the conclusion of the latter series and Scherzinger quit after thirteen and four years as a judge, Osbourne announced she would only return for the live shows.
Louis Tomlinson, Ayda Field and Robbie Williams joined Cowell for the fifteenth series. The show is split into different stages, following the contestants from auditions through to the final. In the original televised audition stage of the show, contestants sang in an audition room in front of just the judges, but from the sixth series onwards auditionees sing on a stage in front of the judges and a live audience. In series 10 and 11, both auditions formats were used. In series 12, the room auditions were scrapped; the room auditions were revived in series 13, no arena auditions followed. Successful auditionees go through to "bootcamp" and to "judges' houses", where judges narrow down the acts in their category down to three or four acts to mentor for the live shows, where the public vote for their favourite acts following weekly live performances by the contestants. There have been 15 winners of the show to date: Steve Brookstein, Shayne Ward, Leona Lewis, Leon Jackson, Alexandra Burke, Joe McElderry, Matt Cardle, Little Mix, James Arthur, Sam Bailey, Ben Haenow, Louisa Johnson, Matt Terry, Rak-Su and Dalton Harris.
Winners receive a recording contract with record label Syco Music with a stated value of £1 million. This includes a cash payment to the winner, but the majority is allocated to marketing and recording costs. From 2004 to 2010, again in 2013 and 2014, the winning contestant's single was released in time for the end-of-year chart battle for the UK's Christmas number one; as of November 2016, 41 number-one singles have been achieved by artists who have appeared on the show, such as Lewis, Burke, JLS, Diana Vickers, Olly Murs, Cher Lloyd, One Direction, Little Mix and Ella Henderson. The show is the originator of the international The X Factor franchise. A prominent show in British popular culture, The X Factor proved hugely popular with the public during its peak; the sixth series in 2009 peaked at 19.7 million UK viewers. At present, the programme is contracted to run until 2022; the X Factor was created by Sony Music A&R judge Simon Cowell as a replacement for Pop Idol. Cowell, a judge on Pop Idol, wished to launch a show to which he owned the television rights.
Pop Idol's first series was massively successful, while the second series was successful, the viewing figures for its finale dropped. Some – including Cowell's fellow Pop Idol judge Pete Waterman – considered Michelle McManus an unworthy winner. In 2004, ITV announced a new show created by Cowell, with no involvement from Pop Idol creator Simon Fuller – The X Factor; the perceived similarity between the two shows became the subject of a legal dispute. Unlike Pop Idol, The X Factor has no upper-age limit, groups can apply, contestants are split into categories. Cowell said, "We're trying to create a different competition. We're going to be able to appeal to somebody over the age of 35 who keeps saying to me'there aren't any artists I like in the competition'. It's amazing, but we haven't catered for older record buyers who want to buy into the new Cliff Richard or whatever."For series 1–3 the competition was split into three categories: 16–24s, Over 25s and Groups (incl
Contemporary R&B is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, soul, hip hop and electronic music. The genre features a distinctive record production style, drum machine-backed rhythms, pitch corrected vocals, a smooth, lush style of vocal arrangement. Electronic influences are becoming an increasing trend and the use of hip hop or dance-inspired beats are typical, although the roughness and grit inherent in hip hop may be reduced and smoothed out. Contemporary R&B vocalists are known for their use of melisma, popularized by vocalists such as Michael Jackson, R. Kelly, Craig David, Stevie Wonder, Whitney Houston and Mariah Carey. Contemporary R&B originated at the end of the disco era, in the late-1970s, when Michael Jackson and Quincy Jones added more electronic elements to the sound of the time to create a smoother dancefloor-friendly sound; the first result was Off the Wall, which—according to Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic—"was a visionary album, that found a way to break disco wide open into a new world where the beat was undeniable, but not the primary focus" and "was part of a colorful tapestry of lush ballads and strings, smooth soul and pop, soft rock, alluring funk".
Richard J. Ripani wrote that Janet Jackson's Control was "important to the development of R&B for a number of reasons", as she and her producers, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, "crafted a new sound that fuses the rhythmic elements of funk and disco, along with heavy doses of synthesizers, sound effects, a rap music sensibility." Ripani wrote that "the success of Control led to the incorporation of stylistic traits of rap over the next few years, Janet Jackson was to continue to be one of the leaders in that development." That same year, Teddy Riley began. This combination of R&B style and hip hop rhythms was termed new jack swing and was applied to artists such as Michael Jackson, Bobby Brown, Keith Sweat, Al B. Sure!, Guy and Bell Biv DeVoe. In contrast to the works of Boyz II Men and similar artists, other R&B artists and groups from this same period began adding more of a hip-hop sound to their work, like the innovative group Jodeci; the synthesizer-heavy rhythm tracks of new jack swing were replaced by grittier East Coast hip hop-inspired backing tracks, resulting in a genre labeled hip hop soul by Mary J. Blige and producer Sean Combs who had mentored group Jodeci in the beginning and helped them with their unique look.
The style became less popular by the end of the 1990s, but experienced a resurgence. In 1990, Mariah Carey released Vision of Love, it was immensely popular peaking at number 1 in many worldwide charts including the Billboard Hot 100, it propelled Mariah's career. The song is said to have popularized the use of melisma and brought it in to mainstream R&B. During the mid-1990s, Whitney Houston's The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album sold over 40 million copies worldwide becoming the best-selling soundtrack of all time. Janet Jackson's self-titled fifth studio album janet. which came after her historic multimillion-dollar contract with Virgin Records, sold over twenty million copies worldwide. Boyz II Men and Mariah Carey recorded several Billboard Hot 100 No. 1 hits, including "One Sweet Day", a collaboration between both acts, which became the longest-running No. 1 hit in Hot 100 history. Carey released a remix of her 1995 single "Fantasy", with Ol' Dirty Bastard as a feature, a collaboration format, unheard of at this point.
Carey, Boyz II Men and TLC released albums in 1994 and 1995 -- II and CrazySexyCool. In the late 1990s, neo soul, which added 1970s soul influences to the hip hop soul blend, led by artists such as D'Angelo, Erykah Badu, Lauryn Hill and Maxwell. Hill and Missy Elliott further blurred the line between hip hop by recording both styles. Beginning in 1995, the Grammy Awards enacted the Grammy Award for Best R&B Album, with II by Boyz II Men becoming the first recipient; the award was received by TLC for CrazySexyCool in 1996, Tony Rich for Words in 1997, Erykah Badu for Baduizm in 1998 and Lauryn Hill for The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill in 1999. At the end of 1999, Billboard magazine ranked Mariah Carey and Janet Jackson as the first and second most successful artists of the 1990s. In the second half of the 1990s, The Neptunes and Timbaland set influential precedence on contemporary R&B and hip hop music. R&B acts such as Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, Janet Jackson, Mariah Carey and Toni Braxton are some of the best-selling music artists of all time.
Following periods of fluctuating success, urban music attained commercial dominance during the early 2000s, which featured massive crossover success on the Billboard charts by R&B and hip hop artists. In 2001, Alicia Keys released "Fallin"', it peaking at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Mainstream Top 40 and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs charts. It won three Grammy Awards in 2002, including Song of the Year, Best R&B Song, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, it was nominated for Record of the Year. Beyoncé's solo studio debut album Dangerously in Love has sold over 5 million copies in the United States and earned five Grammy Awards. Usher's Confessions sold 1.1 million copies in its first week and over 8 million copies in 2004, since it has been certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America and, as of 2016, has sold over 10 million copies in the US and over 20 million copies worldwide. Confessions had four consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number one singles—"Yeah!", "Burn", "Confessions Part II" and "My Boo".
In 2004, all 12 songs that topped Billboard Hot 100 were
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation; the local authority is Manchester City Council. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell, it was a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city.
Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles to the west, its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. In 2014, the Globalisation and World Cities Research Network ranked Manchester as a beta world city, the highest-ranked British city apart from London. Manchester is the third-most visited city after London and Edinburgh, it is notable for its architecture, musical exports, media links and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station. Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games; the name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians. These are thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, either from mamm- or from mamma.
Both meanings are preserved in Insular Celtic languages, such as mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh. The suffix -chester is a survival of Old English ceaster and from that castra in latin for camp or settlement; the Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in. Their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Stretford. Following the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, General Agricola ordered the construction of a fort named Mamucium in the year 79 to ensure that Roman interests in Deva Victrix and Eboracum were protected from the Brigantes. Central Manchester has been permanently settled since this time. A stabilised fragment of foundations of the final version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield; the Roman habitation of Manchester ended around the 3rd century. After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell and Irk sometime before the arrival of the Normans after 1066. Much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North.
Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor and constructed a collegiate church for the parish in 1421. The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the library, which opened in 1653 and is still open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom. Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282. Around the 14th century, Manchester received an influx of Flemish weavers, sometimes credited as the foundation of the region's textile industry. Manchester became an important centre for the manufacture and trade of woollens and linen, by about 1540, had expanded to become, in John Leland's words, "The fairest, best builded and most populous town of all Lancashire." The cathedral and Chetham's buildings are the only significant survivors of Leland's Manchester. During the English Civil War Manchester favoured the Parliamentary interest. Although not long-lasting, Cromwell granted it the right to elect its own MP. Charles Worsley, who sat for the city for only a year, was appointed Major General for Lancashire and Staffordshire during the Rule of the Major Generals.
He was a diligent puritan, banning the celebration of Christmas. Significant quantities of cotton began to be used after about 1600, firstly in linen/cotton fustians, but by around 1750 pure cotton fabrics were being produced and cotton had overtaken wool in importance; the Irwell and Mersey were made navigable by 1736, opening a route from Manchester to the sea docks on the Mersey. The Bridgewater Canal, Britain's first wholly artificial waterway, was opened in 1761, bringing coal from mines at Worsley to central Manchester; the canal was extended to the Mersey at Runcorn by 1776. The combination of competition and improved efficiency halved th
Cornershop are a British indie rock band best known for their 1997 UK number-one single "Brimful of Asha". The band was formed in 1991 by Wolverhampton-born Tjinder Singh, his brother Avtar Singh, David Chambers and Ben Ayres, the first three having been members of Preston-based band General Havoc, who released one single in 1991; the band name originated from a stereotype referring to British Asians owning corner shops. Their music is a fusion of Indian music, indie rock and electronic dance music. Tjinder Singh formed the General Havoc whilst a student at Lancashire Polytechnic in Preston, in 1987, he relocated to Leicester, where his brother and sister lived, formed Cornershop in 1991 along with his brother Avtar, Chambers and Ayres, while working as a barman at Leicester's Magazine pub a popular local music venue. The band played their first gig at Leicester's O'Jays venue. In the early 1990s, when singer Morrissey was being vilified by the UK music press after accusations of racism, the band were invited to comment and the Melody Maker ran a story featuring the band burning a picture of the singer outside the offices of EMI.
Their debut release, the In The Days of Ford Cortina EP, was pressed on "curry-coloured vinyl", contained a blend of Indian-tinged noise pop. The sound mellowed somewhat with the release of debut album Hold On It Hurts in 1994, described by Trouser Press as "a politically charged popfest, ten tracks of noisy delights that meld incisive social commentary with a firm hold on British post-punk." The album impressed David Byrne sufficiently for him to sign the band to his Luaka Bop label. Although David Chambers left the band in 1994, replaced by Nick Simms, the band re-emerged in 1995 with the "6 a.m. Jullandar Shere" single and the album Woman's Gotta Have It touring the United States including some dates on the Lollapalooza tour; the band toured Europe with Beck and Oasis. The band released their critically acclaimed album When I Was Born for the 7th Time in September 1997; the album featured collaborations with Allen Ginsberg, Paula Frazer, Justin Warfield and a Yoko Ono- and Paul McCartney-approved cover of "Norwegian Wood" recorded in the Punjabi language.
The album was produced by Dan the Automator. Rolling Stone called it one of the essential recordings of the 1990s; the album was ranked No. 1 on Spin's list of'Top 20 Albums of the Year' The track "Brimful of Asha" topped the legendary Festive 50 rundown of John Peel's tracks of the year in 1997. Norman Cook loved the track and remixed the song, which became hugely popular and captured the attention of the world; the song was a tribute to the prolific Indian playback singer, Asha Bhosle, Tjinder's musical influences such as Trojan Records and vinyl culture in general. In 2000 Ayres and Singh released a disco inspired album Disco and the Halfway to Discontent as part of their side-project, Clinton; this album inspired the launch of the London-based clubnight called Buttoned Down Disco, which took its name from the third track on the album. Their next official Cornershop release was the 2002 album, Handcream for a Generation, which featured Noel Gallagher on guitar. According to their official website, Cornershop have been making a film about London’s independent music industry since 2003.
In 2004 the band released the track'Topknot' featuring the vocals of Bubbley Kaur on Rough Trade Records. In February 2006, some four years after their last album, they released another single "Wop the Groove" featuring guest vocals from Happy Mondays backing singer Rowetta. In 2008, their song "Candyman" was featured in the Nike advertisement for the Lebron James VI shoe, called the Six "Chalk" commercial. Cornershop released an album Judy Sucks a Lemon for Breakfast in July 2009, preceded by the single "The Roll-Off Characteristics" in May on their own record label called Ample Play. In 2011, Cornershop were awarded a prize for Commitment to Scene in the UK Asian Music Awards. An album Cornershop and the Double'O' Groove Of, a collaboration with Punjabi folk singer Bubbley Kaur, was released in March 2011 to critical acclaim in the UK; the band set up the Singhles Club Club, a subscription service featuring a series of musically diverse collaborations and exclusive digital artwork. The band's eighth album Urban Turban was released on 14 May 2012 and the ninth and recent album Hold On It's Easy was released on 2 February 2015.
In July 2015 they released a single "Pinpoint" with Welsh singer Angharad Van Rijswijk aka Accü In 2017 they gave an instrumental track called'Demon is a Monster' to the anti-Brexit podcast'Remainiacs' to use as a theme tune. The track was released digitally. Current membersTjinder Singh – vocals, bass, dholki Ben Ayres – guitars, keyboards, vocals Nick Simms – drums, vocals Peter Bengry – percussion Adam Blake – sitar, guitars Pete Downing – guitars James Milne – bass Former membersAvtar Singh – bass, vocals David Chambers – drums Anthony "Saffs" Saffery – sitar, keyboards Wallis Healey – guitars Pete Hall – percussion Official website