Elisabeta Lipă is a retired rower and government official from Romania. She is the most decorated rower in the history of the Olympics, winning five gold, two silver and one bronze medals, she holds the record at 20 years. Since 2004, Lipă has served in various government positions including Minister of Youth and Sport in the current cabinet under Prime Minister Dacian Cioloș. Since 2009, she has served as the President of the Romanian Rowing Federation and the Dinamo București Sports Club. Lipă debuted at the age of 19 at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, where she won her first gold medal in the double sculls event, she won her most recent gold medal in the eight at the Athens Summer Olympics in 2004. She is the only person to win a gold medal in the two premiere rowing events: the single scull and the eight, she is one of few women to win a gold medal in both a sculling and a sweep event. In 2004, she became the first female rower to compete at six Olympics; this was first done by Czech rower Jiří Pták in 1992 and equalled in 2008 by Canadian Lesley Thompson, Estonian Jüri Jaanson, Australian James Tomkins.
In 2008 she was awarded the Thomas Keller Medal at the Rowing World Cup in Lucerne and became an honorary citizen of her native town Siret. As of November 2015, she is the Romanian Minister of Sport in Cioloș Cabinet. List of athletes with the most appearances at Olympic Games Profile on IOC site Elisabeta Lipă at FISA WorldRowing.com World and Olympic Championships database
1996 Summer Olympics
The 1996 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad known as Atlanta 1996, referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, were an international multi-sport event, held from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, United States. These Games, which were the fourth Summer Olympics to be hosted by the United States, marked the century of the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens—the inaugural edition of the modern Olympic Games, they were the first since 1924 to be held in a different year from a Winter Olympics, under a new IOC practice implemented in 1994 to hold the Summer and Winter Games in alternating, even-numbered years. More than 10,000 athletes from 197 National Olympic Committees competed in 26 sports, including the Olympic debuts of beach volleyball, mountain biking, softball, as well as the new disciplines of lightwight rowing and women's football. 24 countries made their Summer Olympic debut in Atlanta, including eleven former Soviet republics participating for the first time as independent nations.
The hosting United States led the medal count with a total of 101 medals, the most gold and silver medals out of all countries. The U. S. topped the medal count for the first time since 1984, for the first time since 1968 in a non-boycotted Summer Olympics. Notable performances during competition included those of Andre Agassi—who became the first men's singles tennis player to combine a career Grand Slam with an Olympic gold medal, Donovan Bailey—who set a new world record of 9.84 for the men's 100 meters, Lilia Podkopayeva—who became the second gymnast to win an individual event gold after winning the all-round title in the same Olympics. The festivities were marred by violence on July 27, when Eric Rudolph detonated pipe bombs at Centennial Olympic Park—a downtown park, built to serve as a public focal point for the Games' festivities, injuring 111. In 2003, Rudolph confessed to the bombing and a series of related attacks on abortion centers and a gay bar, was sentenced to life in prison.
He claimed that the bombing was meant to protest the U. S. government's sanctioning of "abortion on demand". The Games turned a profit, helped by record revenue from sponsorship deals and broadcast rights, reliance on private funding, among other factors; the Games faced criticism for being overly commercialized, as well as other issues noted by European officials, such as the availability of food and transport. The event had a lasting impact on the city. Atlanta was selected on September 18, 1990, in Tokyo, over Athens, Manchester and Toronto at the 96th IOC Session; the city entered the competition as a dark horse. The US media criticized it as a second-tier city and complained of Georgia's Confederate history. However, the IOC Evaluation Commission ranked Atlanta's infrastructure and facilities the highest, while IOC members said that it could guarantee large television revenues similar to the success of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Additionally, former US ambassador to the UN and Atlanta mayor Andrew Jackson Young touted Atlanta's civil rights history and reputation for racial harmony.
Young wanted to showcase a reformed American South. The strong economy of Atlanta and improved race relations in the South helped to impress the IOC officials; the Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games proposed a substantial revenue-sharing with the IOC, USOC, other NOCs. Atlanta's main rivals were Toronto, whose front-running bid that began in 1986 had chances to succeed after Canada had held a successful 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, Melbourne, who hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and after Brisbane, Australia's failed bid for the 1992 games and prior to Sydney, Australia's successful 2000 Summer Olympics bid; this would be Toronto's fourth failed attempt since 1960. Greece, the home of the ancient and first modern Olympics, was considered by many observers the "natural choice" for the Centennial Games. However, Athens bid chairman Spyros Metaxa demanded that it be named as the site of the Olympics because of its "historical right due to its history", which may have caused resentment among delegates.
Furthermore, the Athens bid was described as "arrogant and poorly prepared", being regarded as "not being up to the task of coping with the modern and risk-prone extravaganza" of the current Games. Athens faced numerous obstacles, including "political instability, potential security problems, air pollution, traffic congestion and the fact that it would have to spend about $3 billion to improve its infrastructure of airports, rail lines and other amenities"; the total cost of the 1996 Summer Olympics was estimated to be around $1.7 billion. The venues and the Games themselves were funded via private investment, the only public funding came from the U. S. government for security, around $500 million of public money used on physical public infrastructure including streetscaping, road improvements, Centennial Olympic Park, expansion of the airport, improvements in public transportation, redevelopment of public housing projects. $420 million worth of tickets wer
Lake Lanier is a reservoir in the northern portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. It was created by the completion of Buford Dam on the Chattahoochee River in 1956, is fed by the waters of the Chestatee River; the lake encompasses 38,000 acres or 59 square miles of water, 692 miles of shoreline at normal level, a "full summer pool" of 1,071 feet above mean sea level. Named for American poet Sidney Lanier, it was built and is operated by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers for flood control and water supplies, it is patrolled by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, as well as local law enforcement. The states of Georgia and Florida all have rights to the water of the reservoir, as it feeds rivers going through those areas; the Corps of Engineers has responsibilities to regulate flow for water use. In addition, it has to ensure that water is available to fulfill such federal mandates as under the Endangered Species Act, to support downstream species; the rapid suburbanization of the Atlanta region, in particular, has increased water consumption by private homeowners for lawns and gardens.
During droughts of the 21st century, Lake Lanier reached record lows, regional actions have been needed to reduce area water usage. The lake is in Hall, Dawson and Lumpkin counties, split about 60%, 30%, 5%, 4%, 1% filling the valley into numerous small arms and fingers; the former thalweg of the Chestatee and the Chattahoochee south of it form the county line between Hall and a corner of Gwinnett to the east, Dawson and Forsyth counties to the west. One of the main purposes of the lake is flood control of the Chattahoochee River downstream protecting metro Atlanta. Since the construction of Buford Dam, there have been only three major flooding events on the downstream section; the most severe flooding event was following a two-year drought. The lake's original purposes were to provide hydroelectricity and flood control of the Chattahoochee River, water supply for the city of Atlanta; the $1 billion project was approved, with ground breaking in 1950. 700 families were moved from the area after their properties were bought by the USCOE, in order to flood the area and create the lake.
A stretch of Georgia Highway 53 had to be abandoned. Gainesville's Looper Speedway was condemned and abandoned. More than $2 million had been spent by the Corps on preliminary construction when the House Committee on Appropriations refused to provide more funds in June 1951. During that summer Atlanta mayor William Hartsfield traveled to Washington numerous times pressing southern Democratic Senators Richard Russell, Jr. and Walter F. George to restore funding to ensure Atlanta's water supply during droughts. Hartsfield returned to Washington in 1955 to lobby for $11 million more for the dam, which had a target date of 1956, again stressing the importance of an adequate water supply for his growing city. Congress approved the funds, the dam was completed and opened on schedule. Lake Lanier began filling in 1956, in 1957, 20 miles downstream, Morgan Falls Dam was raised to regulate the flow from Buford Dam and regulate the flow of water to Atlanta. In early fall of 1958, the region had two solid months of drought, which would have left the Chattahoochee and its tributaries nearly dry, if not for the construction of Buford Dam and the reserve of Lake Lanier.
Since the 1990s, the Corps of Engineers, Florida and Alabama have all been fighting for use of the water held in Lake Lanier. Federal law mandates that when a river flows between two or more states, each state has a right to an equal share of the water. Additionally, laws such as the Endangered Species Act require that water be available to preserve and support the threatened or endangered species that live in or around Chattahoochee River and Apalachicola Bay. Pertinent information on the reservoir, power plant, etc. can be found on the Mobile District Corps of Engineers web site. Historic operational information on lake elevations, discharges and power generation for all the Corps projects on the ACF are available. In June 2006, the USACE revealed that the new lake gauge at the dam, replaced in December 2005, was not properly calibrated, yielding a lake level reading nearly two feet higher than the actual level; because of this, nearly twenty-two billion U. S gallons of excess water had been released.
This was above the planned excess releases to support the successful spawning of gulf sturgeon in the Apalachicola River and to protect several species of oysters in Apalachicola Bay from excessive saltwater intrusion. Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue said that the Corps had created a "manmade drought", because most of the state was having dry conditions; this came at a time when outdoor water-use restrictions were being put in place by local governments. The high rate of suburban growth in the area resulted in a high rate of water consumption to care for the many lawns which had replaced forests; because of the error in managing Lake Lanier, the governor's office declared a drought and enacted a ban on outdoor water use from 10AM to 4PM, in addition to the permanent weekly odd/even address system. Other local counties imposed further restrictions or total bans, based on each water system's conditions. Outdoor watering was banned as the state suffered its worst drought in its recorded history. On October 16, 2007, Governor Perdue gave the USACE until the evening of October 17 to come up with a plan for the continued release of water for Florida wildlife.
Senator Johnny Isakson s
Veronica Cochelea is a retired Romanian rower. She competed in different events at the 1988, 1992, 1996 and 2000 Olympics and won two gold, three silver and one bronze medals. Since the 1989 World Rowing Championships, she has competed under her married name. After retiring from competition she worked as a rowing coach, since 2015 trains the national team. Veronica COCHELA-COGEANU at FISA WorldRowing.com
Rowing at the 1996 Summer Olympics
Taking place at Lake Lanier, United States, the 1996 Summer Olympics saw the debut of lightweight rowing events. Rowing at the Summer Olympics List of Olympic medalists in rowing List of Olympic medalists in rowing Rowers at the 1996 Summer Olympics Official Olympic Report