Per Kirkeby is a Danish painter, film maker and sculptor. Per Kirkeby is a Danish artist, kirkeby’s interest in geology and nature in general still plays a crucial role in his artistic expressions, these themes being therefore very characteristic in the works of the artist. Kirkeby has been teaching as a professor at the Art Academy in Karlsruhe and this marriage has proven extremely important for the continuation of his art and her research. Per Kirkeby currently lives and works in Hellerup, Læsø, Frankfurt am Main,2016 Kirkeby på Læsø - om Læsø i Per Kirkebys kunst, Læsø Kunsthal, Østerby 2015 Per Kirkeby komplet. Ohne Beweis, Niels Borch Jensen Galerie und Verlag, Berlin 2004 Per Kirkeby LA Louver Gallery, Venice, CA2004 Per Kirkeby, retrospektive der Zeichnungen und Aquarelle, Sinclair-Haus, Bad Homburg v. d. H. Monotypes, University Art Gallery, University Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth 2002 DC,122 x 122 - Gemälde auf Masonit, Museum Ludwig, Cologne 2001 Per Kirkeby. Monotypien, Bronzen, Deutsche Bank Luxembourg, Luxemburg 2000 Per Kirkeby, die Karlsruher Jahre, im Hallenbau A, Städtische Galerie Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe 2000 Per Kirkeby.
Radierungen, Monotypien • 1980-2000, Niels Borch Jensen Galerie und Verlag, peintures 1992 -1996, Maison des Arts Georges Pompidou, Centre dart contemporain, Cajarc-Lot, France 1991 Per Kirkeby. Kaere Aby Warburg in MozArt - edited by Bruno Corà, Perugia, 3Arte - Ali&no editrice, n.12012, 28-39 - ISBN 978-88-6254-092-62003 Tøjner, Poul Erik, Per Kirkeby. Köln, König,20032003 Per Kirkeby, höhe, ALTANA,20031999 Per Kirkeby. Kopenhagen, Borgens,19971994 Per Kirkeby, großformatige Zeichnungen 1977-1994, Frankfurt a. M. Münster, Kleinheinrich,19941990 Per Kirkeby, Gemälde, Arbeiten auf Papier, Skulpturen 1977-90, Frankfurt a. M. Städelsches Kunstinstitut,19901989 Per Kirkeby, esculturas, grabados y escritos, Valencia, IVAM, Centre del Carme,19891984 Per Kirkeby. Übermalungen 1964-1984, München, Kunstraum,19841979 Hunov, oeuvrekatalog 1958-1977 over raderinger, linoleumssnit, træsnit, Borgens,19791977 Per Kirkeby
Memory of the World Programme
This recorded memory reflects the diversity of languages and cultures. UNESCO, the agency responsible for the protection of the worlds cultural and natural heritage. To this end, the Memory of the World Programme was established with the aim of preserving and digitizing humanitys documentary heritage, the program is administered by the International Advisory Committee, whose 14 members are appointed by the UNESCO Director-General. The IAC is responsible for the formulation of policies, including the technical and financial framework for the program. Technical Sub-Committee, regularly revises and promulgates information guides on the preservation of documentary heritage, the Memory of the World Register is a compendium of documents, oral traditions, audio-visual materials and archival holdings of universal value. The program has the goal of using state-of-the-art technologies to provide wider accessibility, any organization or individual can nominate a documentary item for inscription on the Register.
During its meetings, the IAC examines the full documentation of the description, world significance. The body uses a set of criteria in examining each of the nominations, Absolute age, of itself, does not make a document significant, but every document is a creature of its time. Some documents are especially evocative of their time, which may have one of crisis. A document may represent new discovery or be the first of its kind, The place of its creation is a key attribute of its importance. It may be descriptive of physical environments, cities or institutions since vanished, The social and cultural context of its creation may reflect significant aspects of human behaviour, or of social, artistic or political development. It may capture the essence of great movements, advances or regression and it may reflect the impact of key individuals or groups. Subject and Theme, The subject matter may represent particular historical or intellectual developments in natural and human sciences, ideology and the arts.
Social/Spiritual/Community Significance, This concept is another way of expressing the significance of a document or set of documents in terms of its spiritual or sacred values. It allows a community to demonstrate its emotional attachment to the document or documents for the way in which these contribute to that communitys identity. Application of this criterion must reflect living significance – the documentary heritage must have a hold on people who are alive today. Other matters that will be taken into account for each nomination are, integrity, Within the natural physical limitations of carrier survival, is it complete or partial. Has it been altered or damaged, threat, Is its survival in danger
Martin Luther, O. S. A. was a German professor of theology, priest, monk and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and he strongly disputed the Catholic view on indulgences as he understood it to be, that freedom from Gods punishment for sin could be purchased with money. Luther proposed a discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His translation of the Bible into the vernacular made it accessible to the laity. It fostered the development of a version of the German language, added several principles to the art of translation, and influenced the writing of an English translation. His hymns influenced the development of singing in Protestant churches and his marriage to Katharina von Bora, a former nun, set a model for the practice of clerical marriage, allowing Protestant clergy to marry. In two of his works, Luther expressed antagonistic views towards Jews, writing that Jewish homes and synagogues should be destroyed, their money confiscated.
Condemned by virtually every Lutheran denomination, these statements and their influence on antisemitism have contributed to his controversial status, Martin Luther was born to Hans Luder and his wife Margarethe on 10 November 1483 in Eisleben, part of the Holy Roman Empire. He was baptized as a Catholic the next morning on the feast day of St. Martin of Tours and his family moved to Mansfeld in 1484, where his father was a leaseholder of copper mines and smelters and served as one of four citizen representatives on the local council. He had several brothers and sisters, and is known to have close to one of them. Hans Luther was ambitious for himself and his family, and he was determined to see Martin, his eldest son, become a lawyer. He sent Martin to Latin schools in Mansfeld, Magdeburg in 1497, where he attended a school operated by a lay group called the Brethren of the Common Life, the three schools focused on the so-called trivium, grammar and logic. Luther compared his education there to purgatory and hell, in 1501, at the age of 19, he entered the University of Erfurt, which he described as a beerhouse and whorehouse.
He was made to wake at four every morning for what has been described as a day of rote learning and he received his masters degree in 1505. In accordance with his fathers wishes, Luther enrolled in law school at the university that year but dropped out almost immediately. Luther sought assurances about life and was drawn to theology and philosophy, expressing particular interest in Aristotle, William of Ockham, philosophy proved to be unsatisfying, offering assurance about the use of reason but none about loving God, which to Luther was more important. Reason could not lead men to God, he felt, for Luther, reason could be used to question men and institutions, but not God. Human beings could learn about God only through divine revelation, he believed and he attributed his decision to an event, on 2 July 1505, he was returning to university on horseback after a trip home
Carl Linnaeus, known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist and zoologist, who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature. He is known by the father of modern taxonomy. Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus, Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. He received most of his education at Uppsala University. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands and he returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. In the 1740s, he was sent on journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants. In the 1750s and 1760s, he continued to collect and classify animals and minerals, at the time of his death, he was one of the most acclaimed scientists in Europe. The philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau sent him the message, Tell him I know no man on earth. The German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote, With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, Swedish author August Strindberg wrote, Linnaeus was in reality a poet who happened to become a naturalist.
Among other compliments, Linnaeus has been called Princeps botanicorum, The Pliny of the North and he is considered as one of the founders of modern ecology. In botany, the abbreviation used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for species names is L. In older publications, sometimes the abbreviation Linn. is found, Linnæus was born in the village of Råshult in Småland, Sweden, on 23 May 1707. He was the first child of Nicolaus Ingemarsson and Christina Brodersonia and his siblings were Anna Maria Linnæa, Sofia Juliana Linnæa, Samuel Linnæus, and Emerentia Linnæa. One of a line of peasants and priests, Nils was an amateur botanist, a Lutheran minister. Christina was the daughter of the rector of Stenbrohult, Samuel Brodersonius, a year after Linnæus birth, his grandfather Samuel Brodersonius died, and his father Nils became the rector of Stenbrohult. The family moved into the rectory from the curates house, even in his early years, Linnæus seemed to have a liking for plants, flowers in particular.
Whenever he was upset, he was given a flower, which calmed him. Nils spent much time in his garden and often showed flowers to Linnaeus, soon Linnæus was given his own patch of earth where he could grow plants
Johann Snell was a German printer. He may have studied at the University of Rostock in 1481, in 1482 he was brought by Bishop Karl Rønnov to Odense to print a short prayer book, Breviarium Ottoniense. At the same time, presumably for another ecclesiastical client such as the Knights of St. John, Snell printed De obsidione et bello Rhodiano and these are the first two books printed in Denmark. While in Stockholm in 1483–84, he produced the first book printed in Sweden, Dialogus creaturarum. He apparently returned to Lübeck, where the last record of him is in 1519, lange, H. O. Johan Snell, Danmarks første Bogtrykker, En bibliografisk Undersøgelse
London /ˈlʌndən/ is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain and it was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. Londons ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1. 12-square-mile medieval boundaries. London is a global city in the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism. It is crowned as the worlds largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world, London is a world cultural capital. It is the worlds most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the worlds largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic, London is the worlds leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. Londons universities form the largest concentration of education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted the modern Summer Olympic Games three times, London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.
Its estimated mid-2015 municipal population was 8,673,713, the largest of any city in the European Union, Londons urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The citys metropolitan area is the most populous in the EU with 13,879,757 inhabitants, the city-region therefore has a similar land area and population to that of the New York metropolitan area. London was the worlds most populous city from around 1831 to 1925, Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Pauls Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world, the etymology of London is uncertain. It is an ancient name, found in sources from the 2nd century and it is recorded c.121 as Londinium, which points to Romano-British origin, and hand-written Roman tablets recovered in the city originating from AD 65/70-80 include the word Londinio. The earliest attempted explanation, now disregarded, is attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae and this had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
From 1898, it was accepted that the name was of Celtic origin and meant place belonging to a man called *Londinos. The ultimate difficulty lies in reconciling the Latin form Londinium with the modern Welsh Llundain, which should demand a form *lōndinion, from earlier *loundiniom. The possibility cannot be ruled out that the Welsh name was borrowed back in from English at a date, and thus cannot be used as a basis from which to reconstruct the original name. Until 1889, the name London officially applied only to the City of London, two recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area
Sir Thomas More, venerated by Roman Catholics as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author and noted Renaissance humanist. He was a councillor to Henry VIII, and Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to 16 May 1532 and he wrote Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system of an imaginary ideal island nation. More opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther, More opposed the Kings separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason, of his execution, he was reported to have said, I die the Kings good servant, but Gods first. Pope Pius XI canonised More in 1935 as a martyr, Pope John Paul II in 2000 declared him the heavenly Patron of Statesmen and Politicians. Since 1980, the Church of England has remembered More liturgically as a Reformation martyr, the Soviet Union honoured him for the Communist attitude toward property rights expressed in Utopia.
From 1490 to 1492, More served John Morton, the Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor of England, Morton enthusiastically supported the New Learning, and thought highly of the young More. Believing that More had great potential, Morton nominated him for a place at the University of Oxford, More began his studies at Oxford in 1492, and received a classical education. Studying under Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn, he became proficient in both Latin and Greek, More left Oxford after only two years—at his fathers insistence—to begin legal training in London at New Inn, one of the Inns of Chancery. In 1496, More became a student at Lincolns Inn, one of the Inns of Court, where he remained until 1502, according to his friend, theologian Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam, More once seriously contemplated abandoning his legal career to become a monk. Between 1503 and 1504 More lived near the Carthusian monastery outside the walls of London, although he deeply admired their piety, More ultimately decided to remain a layman, standing for election to Parliament in 1504 and marrying the following year.
In spite of his choice to pursue a career, More continued ascetic practices for the rest of his life, such as wearing a hair shirt next to his skin. A tradition of the Third Order of Saint Francis honours More as a member of that Order on their calendar of saints, More married Jane Colt in 1505. She was five years younger than her husband and good-natured, Erasmus reported that More wanted to give his young wife a better education than she had previously received at home, and tutored her in music and literature. The couple had four children before Jane died in 1511, Elizabeth, going against friends advice and common custom, within thirty days More had married one of the many eligible women among his wide circle of friends. He certainly expected a mother to care of his little children and, as the view of his time considered marriage as an economic union, he chose a rich widow. More was not viewed as being in haste to remarry for the gratification of sexual pleasure, as Alice was older than he, and their marriage was possibly not consummated.
The speed of the marriage was so unusual that More had to get a dispensation of the banns, Alice More lacked Janes docility, Mores friend Andrew Ammonius derided Alice as a hook-nosed harpy
Black Diamond (library)
The Black Diamond is a modern waterfront extension to the Royal Danish Librarys old building on Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. Its quasi-official nickname is a reference to its black granite cladding. Designed by Danish architects Schmidt Hammer Lassen, the Black Diamond was completed in 1999 as the first in a series of cultural buildings along Copenhagens waterfront. The facilities include a 600-seat auditorium, the Queens Hall, used for chamber music and jazz—literary events. There are exhibition spaces, a bookshop, a restaurant, a café, two museums are based in the Black Diamond, the National Museum of Photography and a small museum dedicated to cartoon art. In the early 1990s, the Danish Ministry of Cultural Affairs launched an architecture competition for the design of an extension to the Royal Library on Slotsholmen. The competition attracted 178 Danish and international firms and ultimately Schmidt Hammer Lassen was chosen as the winner in 1993. The cost of the building was DKK465,000,000, the Ministry of Cultural Affairs was the builders and Moe and Brødsgaard A/S the consulting engineers.
The Black Diamond was inaugurated on 7 September 1999 and opened to the public on 15 September 1999, the Minister of Cultural Affairs at the time, Jytte Hilden, named it the Black Diamond. The basic shape of the Black Diamond is a box which leans to the left as seen from the harbour as well as towards the water. At the same time it expands slightly from the bottom and up and from north to south, giving it a distorted, the building is clad in black granite of a type known as Absolute Black, which was mined in Zimbabwe and cut and polished in Italy. The black cladding amounts to 2,500 square metres and each stone weighs 75 kg, a broad, glazed crevasse cleaves the facade into two, letting natural light into the central atrium inside the building. The Black Diamond is separated from the old building, known as the Holm Building, several skyways connect the two buildings. In contrast to the stringent and dark exterior the atrium creates a bright and it is toplit and bounded by wavy balconies. From the atrium a travelator leads up to the C level which holds the library facilities.
The main floor of the library is the C level which is reached from the floor along a travelator. The Information Room holds 60 seats compared to the previous 46, the circulation desk is located in the 18-metre-wide main skyway which connects the old and the new building above Christians Brygge. The Royal Library on Slotsholmen is not a library where it is possible to locate and pick the books from open shelves
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is considered a central figure in modern philosophy. Kant took himself to have effected a Copernican revolution in philosophy and his beliefs continue to have a major influence on contemporary philosophy, especially the fields of metaphysics, ethics, political theory, and aesthetics. Politically, Kant was one of the earliest exponents of the idea that peace could be secured through universal democracy. He believed that this will be the outcome of universal history. Kant wanted to put an end to an era of futile and speculative theories of human experience, Kant argued that our experiences are structured by necessary features of our minds. In his view, the shapes and structures experience so that, on an abstract level. Among other things, Kant believed that the concepts of space and time are integral to all human experience, as are our concepts of cause, Kant published other important works on ethics, law, aesthetics and history. These included the Critique of Practical Reason, the Metaphysics of Morals, which dealt with ethics, and the Critique of Judgment, Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Königsberg, Prussia.
His mother, Anna Regina Reuter, was born in Königsberg to a father from Nuremberg. His father, Johann Georg Kant, was a German harness maker from Memel, Immanuel Kant believed that his paternal grandfather Hans Kant was of Scottish origin. Kant was the fourth of nine children, baptized Emanuel, he changed his name to Immanuel after learning Hebrew. Young Kant was a solid, albeit unspectacular, student and he was brought up in a Pietist household that stressed religious devotion, and a literal interpretation of the Bible. His education was strict and disciplinary, and focused on Latin and religious instruction over mathematics, despite his religious upbringing and maintaining a belief in God, Kant was skeptical of religion in life, various commentators have labelled him agnostic. Common myths about Kants personal mannerisms are listed and refuted in Goldthwaits introduction to his translation of Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime. It is often held that Kant lived a strict and disciplined life.
He never married, but seemed to have a social life — he was a popular teacher. He had a circle of friends whom he met, among them Joseph Green. A common myth is that Kant never traveled more than 16 kilometres from Königsberg his whole life, in fact, between 1750 and 1754 he worked as a tutor in Judtschen and in Groß-Arnsdorf
University of Copenhagen
The University of Copenhagen is the oldest university and research institution in Denmark. Founded in 1479 as a studium generale, it is the second oldest institution for education in Scandinavia after Uppsala University. The university has 23,473 undergraduate students,17,398 postgraduate students,2,968 doctoral students, the university has four campuses located in and around Copenhagen, with the headquarters located in central Copenhagen. Most courses are taught in Danish, many courses are offered in English. The university has several thousands of students, about half of whom come from Nordic countries. The university has had 8 alumni become Nobel laureates and has produced one Turing Award recipient, the rector, the prorector and the director of the university is appointed by the university board. The rector in turn appoints directors of the different parts of the central administration, the deans appoint heads of 50 departments. There is no faculty senate and faculty is not involved in the appointment of rector, hence the university has no faculty governance, although there are elected Academic Boards at faculty level who advise the deans.
The governing body manages a budget of about BDKK8.3. The University is organized into six faculties and about 100 departments, the University employs about 5,600 academic staff and 4,400 technical and administrative staff. The total number of enrolled students is about 40,000 annually, UCPH has established an international graduate talent program which provides grants for international Ph. D, students and a tenure track carrier system. UCPH operates about fifty master’s programmes taught in English, and has arranged about 150 exchange agreements with institutions and 800 Erasmus agreements. Each year there are about 1,700 incoming exchange students,2,000 outbound exchange students and 4,000 international degree-seeking students, about 3,000 Ph. D. students study there each year. South Campus – houses the Faculty of Humanities and a proportion of the Faculty of Science. In the winter of 2016–2017, the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Theology will move to South Campus, frederiksberg Campus – home to sections of the Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences.
The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences and the Faculty of Science use the Taastrup Campus, the Faculty of Science has facilities in Helsingør, Hørsholm and Nødebo. The University of Copenhagen was founded in 1479 and is the oldest university in Denmark, between the closing of the Studium Generale in Lund in 1536 and the establishment of the University of Aarhus in the late 1920s, it was the only university in Denmark. The university became a centre of Roman Catholic theological learning, but had faculties for the study of law, between 1675 and 1788, the university introduced the concept of degree examinations