Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, VA was Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte. Marie was born at Hildburghausen, as Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, the eldest daughter of Joseph, the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Hildburghausen and Duchess Amelia of Württemberg. In 1826, the family moved to Altenburg as a result of a transfer of territories among the various branches of the Ernestine Wettins, Marie took the title Princess of Saxe-Altenburg in place of the previous. Marie married, on 18 February 1843, at Hanover, Crown Prince of Hanover, they had three children: Prince Ernest Augustus, Princess Frederica, Princess Marie. The Crown Prince, blind since his youth, his wife became King and Queen of Hanover upon the death of his father, Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, on 18 November 1851. Between 1858 and 1867 George V had Marienburg Castle built as a birthday present to his wife, named after her. However, he was expelled from his kingdom in 1866 as a result of his support for Austria in the Austro-Prussian War, on 20 September 1866, the Kingdom was annexed by Prussia.
George never abdicated. Marie succeeded in having the Hanoverian crown jewels and other precious items smuggled abroad, before leaving for Austria herself. There, the family moved into a villa in Gmunden near Salzburg, which they rented and acquired. On 18 September 1872, Queen Marie was godmother to Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein. Princess Marie Louise was the youngest daughter of Princess Helena. George V. died in 1878 on a travel in Paris where he had attempted to re-establish his Guelphic Legion, a military unit aimed at a re-conquest of his kingdom. He was buried in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. Queen Marie died, some twenty-eight years after her husband, on 9 January 1907, in The Queen's Villa at Gmunden, where she was buried in a mausoleum that her eldest son had built next to his residence, Cumberland Castle. 14 April 1818 – 12 November 1826: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Hildburghausen 12 November 1826 – 18 February 1843: Her Highness Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg 18 February 1843 – 18 November 1851: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover 18 November 1851 – 9 January 1907: Her Majesty The Queen of Hanover
Victoria, Princess Royal
Victoria, Princess Royal was German Empress and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III. She was the eldest child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was created Princess Royal in 1841, she was the mother of German Emperor. Educated by her father in a politically liberal environment, she was betrothed at the age of sixteen to Prince Frederick of Prussia and supported him in his views that Prussia and the German Empire should become a constitutional monarchy on the British model. Criticised for this attitude and for her English origins, Victoria suffered ostracism by the Hohenzollerns and the Berlin court; this isolation increased after the arrival of Otto von Bismarck to power in 1862. Victoria was empress and queen of Prussia for only a few months, during which she had opportunity to influence the policy of the German Empire. Frederick III died in 1888 – just 99 days after his accession – from laryngeal cancer and was succeeded by their son William II, who had much more conservative views than his parents.
After her husband's death, she became known as Empress Frederick. The empress dowager settled in Kronberg im Taunus, where she built Friedrichshof, a castle, named in honour of her late husband. Isolated after the weddings of her younger daughters, Victoria died of breast cancer a few months after her mother in 1901; the correspondence between Victoria and her parents has been preserved completely: 3,777 letters from Queen Victoria to her eldest daughter, about 4,000 letters from the empress to her mother are preserved and catalogued. These give a detailed insight into the life of the Prussian court between 1858 and 1900. Princess Victoria was born on 21 November 1840 at London, she was her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. When she was born, the doctor exclaimed sadly: "Oh Madame, it's a girl!" And the Queen replied: "Never mind, next time it will be a prince!". She was baptised in the Throne Room of Buckingham Palace on 10 February 1841 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Howley.
The Lily font was commissioned for the occasion of her christening. Her godparents were Queen Adelaide, the King of the Belgians, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the Duke of Sussex, the Duchess of Gloucester and the Duchess of Kent; as a daughter of the sovereign, Victoria was born a British princess. On 19 January 1841, she was made Princess Royal, a title sometimes conferred on the eldest daughter of the sovereign. In addition, she was heir presumptive to the throne of the United Kingdom, before the birth of her younger brother Prince Albert Edward on 9 November 1841. To her family, she was known as "Vicky"; the royal couple decided to give their children as complete an education as possible. In fact, Queen Victoria, who succeeded her uncle King William IV at the age of 18, believed that she herself had not been sufficiently prepared for the government affairs. For his part, Prince Albert, born in the small Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, had received a more careful education, thanks to his uncle King Leopold I of Belgium.
Shortly after the birth of Victoria, Prince Albert wrote a memoir detailing the tasks and duties of all those involved with the royal children. Another 48-page document, written a year and a half by the Baron Stockmar, intimate of the royal couple, details the educational principles which were to be used with the little princes; the royal couple, had only a vague idea of the proper educational development of a child. Queen Victoria, for example, believed that the fact that her baby sucked on bracelets was a sign of deficient education. According to Hannah Pakula, biographer of the future German empress, the first two governesses of the princess were therefore well chosen. Experienced in dealing with children, Lady Lyttelton directed the nursery through which passed all royal children after Victoria's second year; the diplomatic young woman managed to soften the unrealistic demands of the royal couple. Sarah Anne Hildyard, the children's second governess, was a competent teacher who developed a close relationship with her students.
Precocious and intelligent, Victoria began to learn French at the age of 18 months, she began to study German when aged four. She learned Greek and Latin. From the age of six, her curriculum included lessons of arithmetic and history, her father tutored her in politics and philosophy, she studied science and literature. Her school days, interrupted by three hours of recreation, began at 8:20 and finished at 18:00. Unlike her brother, whose educational program was more severe, Victoria was an excellent student, always hungry for knowledge. However, she showed an obstinate character. Queen Victoria and her husband wanted to remove their children from court life as much as possible, so they acquired Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. Near the main building, Albert built for his children a Swiss-inspired cottage with a small kitchen and a carpentry workshop. In this building, the royal children learned practical life. Prince Albert was involved in the education of their offspring, he followed the progress of his children and gave some of their lessons himself, as well as spending time playing with them.
Victoria is described as having "idolised" her father and having inherited his li
Elisabeth of Wied
Pauline Elisabeth Ottilie Luise of Wied was the Queen of Romania as the wife of King Carol I known by her literary name of Carmen Sylva. Born at "Schloss Monrepos" in Neuwied, she was the daughter of Hermann, Prince of Wied, his wife Princess Marie of Nassau. Elisabeth had artistic leanings; as a young girl, sixteen-year-old Elisabeth was considered as a possible bride for the heir apparent to the British throne, the future King Edward VII. His mother, Queen Victoria favored her as a prospective daughter-in-law, urged her daughter Victoria to look further into her. Elisabeth was spending the social season at the Berlin court, where her family hoped she would be tamed into a docile, marriageable princess. Vicky responded, "I do not think her at all distinguée looking—certainly the opposite to Bertie's usual taste", whereas the tall and slender Alexandra of Denmark was "just the style Bertie admires". Bertie was shown photographs of Elisabeth, but professed himself unmoved and declined to give them a second glance.
In the end, Alexandra was selected for Bertie. Elisabeth first met Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in Berlin in 1861. In 1869, now Prince Carol of Romania, traveled to Germany in search of a suitable consort, he was reunited with Elisabeth, the two were married on 15 November 1869 in Neuwied. Their only child, a daughter, died in 1874 at age three — an event from which Elisabeth never recovered, she was crowned Queen of Romania in 1881. In the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 known as the Romanian War of Independence, she devoted herself to the care of the wounded, founded the Decoration of the Cross of Queen Elisabeth to reward distinguished service in such work, she fostered the higher education of women in Romania, established societies for various charitable objects. She was the 835th Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa, she died at Bucharest. She founded the National Society for the Blind and was the first royal patron of the Romanian Red Cross; as "Carmen Sylva", she wrote with facility in German, Romanian and English.
A few of her voluminous writings, which include poems, novels, short stories, collections of aphorisms, etc. may be singled out for special mention: Her earliest publications were "Sappho" and "Hammerstein", two poems which appeared at Leipzig in 1880. In 1888 she received the Prix Botta, a prize awarded triennially by the Académie française, for her volume of prose aphorisms Les Pensees d'une reine, a German version of, entitled Vom Amboss. Cuvinte Sufletesci, religious meditations in Romanian, was translated into German, under the name of Seelen-Gespräche. Several of the works of "Carmen Sylva" were written in collaboration with Mite Kremnitz, one of her maids of honor; these include: Aus zwei Welten, a novel Anna Boleyn, a tragedy In der Irre, a collection of short stories Edleen Vaughan, or Paths of Peril, a novel Sweet Hours, written in English. Among the translations made by "Carmen Sylva" include: German versions of Pierre Loti's romance Pecheur d'Islande German versions of Paul de St Victor's dramatic criticisms Les Deux Masques and The Bard of the Dimbovitza, an English translation of Elena Văcărescu's collection of Romanian folk-songs, etc. entitled Lieder aus dem Dimbovitzathal, translated by "Carmen Sylva" and Alma Strettell.
The Bard of the Dimbovitza was first published in 1891, was soon reissued and expanded. Translations from the original works of "Carmen Sylva" have appeared in all the principal languages of Europe and in Armenian. In 1881, due to the lack of heirs to the Romanian throne, King Carol I adopted his nephew, Ferdinand. Ferdinand, a complete stranger in his new home, started to get close to one of Elisabeth's ladies in waiting Elena Văcărescu. Elisabeth close to Elena herself, encouraged the romance, although she was aware of the fact that a marriage between the two was forbidden by the Romanian constitution; the result of this was the exile of both Elisabeth and Elena, as well as a trip by Ferdinand through Europe in search of a suitable bride, whom he found in Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Princess Marie of Edinburgh. The affair helped reinforce Elisabeth's image as eccentric. Quite unusually for a queen, Elisabeth of Wied was of the opinion that a republican form of government was preferable to monarchy—an opinion which she expressed forthrightly in her diary, though she did not make it public at the time:I must sympathize with the Social Democrats in view of the inaction and corruption of the nobles.
These "little people", after all, want only what nature confers: equality. The Republican form of government is the only rational one. I can never understand the fact that they continue to tolerate us. 29 December 1843 – 15 November 1869: Her Serene Highness Princess Elisabeth of Wied 15 November 1869 – 15 March 1881: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Romania 15 March 1881 – 10 October 1914: Her Majesty The Queen of Romania 10 October 1914 – 2 March 1916: Her Majesty Queen Elisabeth of Romania Germany: Dame of the Order of Louise Hohenzollern: Dame of the House Order of Hohenzollern Romania: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown Romania: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Carol I Romania: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania Romania
Albert, Prince Consort
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the husband of Queen Victoria. He was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. At the age of 20, he married Queen Victoria, he felt constrained by his role of prince consort, which did not afford him power or responsibilities. He developed a reputation for supporting public causes, such as educational reform and the abolition of slavery worldwide, was entrusted with running the Queen's household and estates, he was involved with the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851, a resounding success. Victoria came to depend more on his support and guidance, he aided the development of Britain's constitutional monarchy by persuading his wife to be less partisan in her dealings with Parliament—although he disagreed with the interventionist foreign policy pursued during Lord Palmerston's tenure as Foreign Secretary. Albert died at the young age of 42. Victoria was so devastated at the loss of her husband that she entered into a deep state of mourning and wore black for the rest of her life.
On her death in 1901, their eldest son succeeded as Edward VII, the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, named after the ducal house to which Albert belonged. Albert was born at Schloss Rosenau, near Coburg, the second son of Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, his first wife, Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Albert's future wife, was born earlier in the same year with the assistance of the same midwife, Charlotte von Siebold. Albert was baptised into the Lutheran Evangelical Church on 19 September 1819 in the Marble Hall at Schloss Rosenau with water taken from the local river, the Itz, his godparents were the Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. In 1825, Albert's great-uncle, Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, died, his death led to a realignment of Saxon duchies the following year and Albert's father became the first reigning duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Albert and his elder brother, spent their youth in a close companionship marred by their parents' turbulent marriage and eventual separation and divorce.
After their mother was exiled from court in 1824, she married her lover, Alexander von Hanstein, Count of Polzig and Beiersdorf. She never saw her children again, died of cancer at the age of 30 in 1831; the following year, their father married his sons' cousin Princess Marie of Württemberg. The brothers were educated at home by Christoph Florschütz and studied in Brussels, where Adolphe Quetelet was one of their tutors. Like many other German princes, Albert attended the University of Bonn, where he studied law, political economy and the history of art, he played music and excelled at sport fencing and riding. His tutors at Bonn included the poet Schlegel; the idea of marriage between Albert and his cousin, was first documented in an 1821 letter from his paternal grandmother, the Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, who said that he was "the pendant to the pretty cousin". By 1836, this idea had arisen in the mind of their ambitious uncle Leopold, King of the Belgians since 1831. At this time, Victoria was the heir presumptive to the British throne.
Her father, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III, had died when she was a baby, her elderly uncle, King William IV, had no legitimate children. Her mother, the Duchess of Kent, was the sister of both Albert's father—the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha—and King Leopold. Leopold arranged for his sister, Victoria's mother, to invite the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his two sons to visit her in May 1836, with the purpose of meeting Victoria. William IV, disapproved of any match with the Coburgs, instead favoured the suit of Prince Alexander, second son of the Prince of Orange. Victoria was well aware of the various matrimonial plans and critically appraised a parade of eligible princes, she wrote, " is handsome. Alexander, on the other hand, she described as "very plain". Victoria wrote to her uncle Leopold to thank him "for the prospect of great happiness you have contributed to give me, in the person of dear Albert... He possesses every quality that could be desired to render me happy."
Although the parties did not undertake a formal engagement, both the family and their retainers assumed that the match would take place. Victoria came to the throne aged eighteen on 20 June 1837, her letters of the time show interest in Albert's education for the role he would have to play, although she resisted attempts to rush her into marriage. In the winter of 1838–39, the prince visited Italy, accompanied by the Coburg family's confidential adviser, Baron Stockmar. Albert returned to the United Kingdom with Ernest in October 1839 to visit the Queen, with the objective of settling the marriage. Albert and Victoria felt mutual affection and the Queen proposed to him on 15 October 1839. Victoria's intention to marry was declared formally to the Privy Council on 23 November, the couple married on
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia was the fifth child and only surviving daughter of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. She was the younger sister of Alexander III of Russia and the paternal aunt of Russia's last emperor, Nicholas II. In 1874, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna married Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; the couple had five children: a son and four daughters: Marie, Victoria Melita and Beatrice. For the first years of her marriage, Maria Alexandrovna lived in England, she neither overcame her dislike for her adopted country. She accompanied her husband on his postings as an Admiral of the Royal Navy at Devonport; the Duchess of Edinburgh travelled extensively through Europe. She visited her family in Russia and stayed for long periods in England and Germany attending social and family events. In August 1893, Maria Alexandrovna became Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha when her husband inherited the duchy on the death of his childless uncle, Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
She enjoyed life in Germany where she was active in charitable work. To her daughters, she gave all her support, but she was critical of her wayward son who died young in 1899, her husband died the following year. In her widowhood, Maria Alexandrovna continued to live in Coburg; the outbreak of World War I divided her sympathies. She sided with Germany against her native Russia, her only surviving brother, Grand Duke Paul, her nephew Tsar Nicholas II and many other relatives were killed during the Russian Revolution and she lost her considerable fortune. From 1893 until her death, she had the distinction of being an Imperial Russian grand duchess, a British royal Duchess, the consort of a German sovereign Duke. After World War I, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the duchy her husband and nephew had ruled, ceased to exist in November 1918. Maria Alexandrovna died two years while living under reduced circumstances in exile in Switzerland. Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna was born on 17 October 1853 at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo.
She was the sixth child and only surviving daughter among the eight children of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, née Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. At the time of her birth, her grandfather, Emperor Nicholas I of Russia, was on the throne and her father was Tsarevich. In 1855, when Maria Alexandrovna was seventeen months old, Nicholas I died and her father became the new Russian Emperor; the grand duchess grew up as the only girl with two younger ones. She did not know her only sister, Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, who had died before she was born. Maria Alexandrovna herself died from a throat disease at the age of seven, her childhood was spent in luxury and splendor in the large palaces and country estates owned by the Romanovs. The family's main residence was the sixteen-hundred-room Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, with another residence at Gatchina, forty miles south. In the summer, the family stayed in Peterhof, a large complex with farms and various pavilions on the Gulf of Finland.
From the end of the summer until winter, the Imperial family moved to Tsarskoye Selo, the royal village, where the Romanovs had the Catherine Palace and Alexander Palace. In the children's island, located in a pond in the park of the Alexander Palace, Maria Alexandrovna had her own private little house, off limit to adults, which she used with her brothers as a playhouse, her father added a farm, built for her enjoyment. Both parents doted on her; the Empress was a loving mother, but physically cold towards her children. The Tsarina suffered from weak lungs and had to travel to Germany and southern Europe to escape the harsh Russian winters; the Tsarina took her three younger children with her on these trips. As a consequence, Maria Alexandrovna became closer to her two younger brothers, Grand Duke Sergei and Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich, than to her older siblings. Surrounded only by brothers, Maria grew up as a tomboy, with an independent character and a strong will. Maria was educated at the Russian court under the strict regime of her governess, Countess Alexandrine Tolstoy.
Maria Alexandrovna was the first Russian grand duchess to be raised by English nannies and to speak fluent English. Besides her native Russian, she became proficient in German and French. In August 1867, while the Imperial family was at Livadia Palace, in Crimea, Mark Twain met Maria Alexandrovna and her parents; the famous American writer described her as "blue-eyed and pretty". As many contemporaries did, Twain noticed the influence that the young grand duchess had over her father. "She is genuine and never changes in front of strangers," observed her lady in waiting, Anna Tyutcheva, a daughter of the celebrated poet Fyodor Tyutchev, adding that: "She is accustomed to be the center of the world and that everyone yields to her." Tyutcheva described her pupil as "stubborn and uncompromising" commenting that "one cannot treat her or reason with her a lot". During a visit to her maternal relatives, the Princes of Battenberg, at Jugenheim in August 1868, Grand D
Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine (1864–1918)
Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia was a German Hessian and Rhenish princess of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt, the wife of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, the fifth son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. She was a maternal great-aunt of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the consort of Queen Elizabeth II. A granddaughter of Queen Victoria and an older sister of Alexandra, the last Russian Empress, Elisabeth became famous in Russian society for her beauty and charitable works among the poor. After the Socialist Revolutionary Party's Combat Organization assassinated her husband with a bomb in 1905, Elisabeth publicly forgave Sergei's murderer, Ivan Kalyayev, campaigned without success for him to be pardoned, she departed the Imperial Court and became a nun, founding the Marfo-Mariinsky Convent dedicated to helping the downtrodden of Moscow. In 1918 she was arrested and murdered by the Bolsheviks.
In 1981 Elisabeth was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, in 1992 by the Moscow Patriarchate. Elisabeth was born on 1 November 1864 as the second child of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, Princess Alice, daughter of Queen Victoria, she was given the names Elisabeth Alexandra Luise Alix: "Elisabeth" after both St. Elizabeth of Hungary and her paternal grandmother, Princess Elisabeth of Prussia, "Luise" and "Alix" after her parents. Elisabeth was known as "Ella" within her family. Though she came from one of the oldest and noblest houses in Germany and her family lived a rather modest life by royal standards; the children swept the floors and cleaned their own rooms, while their mother sewed dresses herself for the children. During the Austro-Prussian War, Princess Alice took Elisabeth with her while visiting wounded soldiers in a nearby hospital. In this happy and secure environment, Elisabeth grew up surrounded by English domestic habits, English became her first language.
In life, she would tell a friend that, within her family and her siblings spoke English to their mother and German to their father. In the autumn of 1878, diphtheria swept through the Hesse household, killing Elisabeth's youngest sister, Marie on 16 November, as well as her mother Alice on 14 December. Elisabeth had been sent away to her paternal grandmother's home at the beginning of the outbreak and she was the only member of her family to remain unaffected; when she was allowed to return home, she described the meeting as "terribly sad" and said that everything was "like a horrible dream". Charming and with a accommodating personality, Elisabeth was considered by many historians and contemporaries to be one of the most beautiful women in Europe at that time; as a young woman, she caught the eye of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia. He was a student at Bonn University, on weekends he visited his Aunt Alice and his Hessian relatives. During these frequent visits, he fell in love with Elisabeth, writing numerous love poems and sending them to her.
Wilhelm proposed to Elisabeth in 1878. Besides the future Kaiser Wilhelm II, she had many other admirers, among them Lord Charles Montagu, the second son of the 7th Duke of Manchester, Henry Wilson a distinguished soldier, yet another of Elisabeth's suitors was the future Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden, William's first cousin. Queen Victoria described him as "so good and steady", with "such a safe and happy position," that when Elisabeth declined to marry him the Queen "deeply regretted it". Frederick's grandmother, the Empress Augusta, was so furious at Elisabeth's rejection of Frederick that it took some time for her to forgive Elisabeth. Other admirers included: Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia, who wrote a poem about her first arrival in Russia and the general impression she made to all the people present at the time. Prince Felix Yusupov considered her a second mother, stated in his memoirs that she helped him during the most difficult moments of his life; as a young girl, Queen Marie of Romania was fascinated with her Cousin Ella, would describe her beauty and sweetness in her memoirs as "a thing of dreams".
The French Ambassador to the Russian court, Maurice Paleologue, wrote in his memoirs how Elisabeth was capable of arousing what he described as "profane passions". It was a Grand Duke of Russia who would win Elisabeth's heart. During these visits, she was accompanied by her youngest sons and Paul. Elisabeth had known them since they were children, she viewed them as haughty and reserved. Sergei was a serious young man, intensely religious, he found himself attracted to Elisabeth after seeing her as a young woman for the first time in several years. At first, Sergei made little impression on Elisabeth, but after the death of both of Sergei's parents within a year of each other and the shock of his loss caused Elisabeth to see Sergei "in a new light". She had felt this same grief after the death of her mother, their other similarities began to draw them closer together, it was said that Sergei was attached to Elisabeth because she had the same character as his beloved mother. So when Sergei proposed to her for the second time, she accepted—much to the chagrin of her grandmother Queen Victoria.
Sergei and Elisabeth married
Marie Henriette of Austria
Marie Henriette of Austria was Queen of the Belgians as the wife of King Leopold II. Marie Henriette was one of five children from the marriage of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary, Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg. Marie Henriette was a cousin of Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, granddaughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, through her father; when she was 16, she married 18-year-old Prince Leopold of Belgium, the heir to the throne, on 22 August 1853. Leopold was the second-surviving son of his French wife, Louise of Orléans; the marriage was arranged to strengthen the status of the Belgian Monarchy. As the former Protestant monarch of a newly established monarchy, the Belgian king wished his son to marry a member from a Roman Catholic and prestigious dynasty, the name Habsburg was one of her more important qualities. Henriette was a energetic person interested in riding. Pauline de Metternich wrote that theirs was a marriage "between a stable-boy and a nun, by nun I mean the Duke of Brabant".
Henriette is said to have had a terrible temperament. The marriage became unhappy, the couple lived more or less separate lives, she became queen in 1865. After the death of their son in 1869, the couple separated after having made a last attempt to have another son, however, resulted in their daughter Clementine, she gave her daughters a strict upbringing. Her main interest was in her Hungarian horses, she lived most of her life discontented. In 1895 she retreated to Spa. Marie Henriette died at the Hôtel du Midi in Spa, she was buried in the Royal Crypt at the Church of Our Lady of Laeken in Brussels. Her husband married his mistress Caroline Delacroix, she was the 607th Dame of the Royal Order of Queen Maria Luisa. Marie Henriette held the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert. Princess Louise of Belgium married to Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Léopold, Duke of Brabant. Kingdom of Prussia: Dame of the Order of Louise. Kingdom of Portugal: Dame of the Royal Order of Saint Isabel. Kingdom of Spain: Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa Holy See: Golden Rose by pope Leo XIII 1893.
United Kingdom: Dame of the Royal Family Decoration of Victoria and Albert, 1st Class Media related to Marie Henriette of Austria at Wikimedia Commons