4 (New York City Subway service)
The 4 Lexington Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or bullet, is colored apple green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan. 4 trains operate between Woodlawn in the Bronx and Utica Avenue in Crown Heights, Brooklyn via Jerome Avenue Local in the Bronx and Eastern Parkway Express in Brooklyn at all times except nights. During nights, they serve all stops except Hoyt Street and are extended to/from New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn via Livonia Avenue as a replacement for the 3. During the extension of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line north of 42nd Street–Grand Central Terminal, on April 15,1918, shuttles were extended to Woodlawn. A second shuttle, using cars, from 149th Street–Grand Concourse to Grand Central started on July 17,1918. On August 1,1918, the entire Jerome and Lexington Avenue Lines were completed, trains began running between Woodlawn and Bowling Green. Beginning on November 4,1925, rush hour 4 trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue, two years later, on December 5,1927, weekday evening service was extended to Utica Avenue.
The following year, midday 4 service went to Utica Avenue, trains ran express in Manhattan except late nights, and in Brooklyn. This was the first time the 6 became the Pelham Shuttle between Pelham Bay Park and 125th Street–Lexington Avenue, on August 20,1938, Saturday morning after the peak service was extended to Utica Avenue. Beginning on May 10,1946, all 4 trains were made express during late nights running on 12 minute headways as the 6 went back to Brooklyn Bridge during that time, previously 4 trains ran local from 12,30 to 5, 30am. At this time 4 trains terminated at Atlantic Avenue, beginning on December 16,1946, trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to New Lots Avenue during late nights, running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues. When the Board of Transportation began to replace the older subway cars starting with the R12 cars in 1948, with these cars, numbers were assigned to the IRT lines. The Lexington Avenue–Jerome Line trains were given the number 4, by 1964, all cars had the route numbers on them.
During 1950, Saturday morning service was cut back to South Ferry, starting on December 15,1950, four 4 trains began operating during rush hours to Flatbush Avenue on the Nostrand Avenue Line. Also on that day, weekday service was cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry. Additionally, on January 18,1952,4 service to Atlantic Avenue during weekday middays was restored, on March 19,1954, late-night service in Brooklyn began making all stops, but resumed operating express between Atlantic Avenue and Franklin Avenue on June 29,1956. Starting on March 1,1960, late-night 4 trains resumed making all stops in Manhattan and this arrangement ended on October 17,1965 when the 4 went back express in Manhattan late nights
5 (New York City Subway service)
The 5 Lexington Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or bullet, is colored apple green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan. The 5 operates between Dyre Avenue in Eastchester and Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Flatbush, making all stops in the Bronx, the 5 short turns at Bowling Green in Financial District, Manhattan on evenings and weekends, and at East 180th Street during late nights. Limited rush hour service terminates at Wakefield–241st Street instead of Dyre Avenue in the Bronx, upon its closure in 1937, the entire property was put up for sale. Beginning on April 28,1930, Saturday 5 service to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue began, as of 1934, trains normally ran from Wakefield–241st Street or East 180th Street to Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center. During weekday rush hours and weekend afternoons they were extended to Utica Avenue, from July 24,1938 to September 18,1938 there was Sunday daytime 5 service to New Lots Avenue.
Beginning on July 10,1939, Sunday afternoon 5 service to New Lots began, on December 22,1946, alternate Sunday morning 5 service to New Lots began. However, on March 5,1950,5 service was cut back to Utica Avenue all day on Sundays, starting on April 23,1953,5 trains began using the middle express track between East 180th Street and 149th Street weekday rush in the peak direction. Starting on October 2,1953, the track was used by peak trains south of Gun Hill Road. Beginning on May 3,1957, limited rush hour 5 service ran to Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College replacing the 4 service, Saturday afternoon, and Sunday trains were cut back to South Ferry. Beginning on March 1,1960 evening trains making all stops in Manhattan. Beginning on April 8,1960, weekday evening service was discontinued, starting on April 18,1965, most daytime service was rerouted to Dyre Avenue, replacing Dyre Shuttle except evenings and late nights. Some weekday rush service to 241st Street was retained, while Saturday and Sunday evening trains were cut back from 241st Street to East 180th Street.
Also, Saturday morning trains were cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry, starting on May 3,1965, trains to or from 241st Street began making all stops between Gun Hill Road and East 180th Street. Beginning on May 23,1976,5 service began starting late on Sunday mornings, as of May 24,1976, weekday midday 5 service was cut back to Bowling Green from Atlantic Avenue. In 1979, with the coding of subway routes based on their trunk line in Manhattan. 5 service was re-extended May 15,1980 to Atlantic Avenue, on July 10,1983, all rush hour service ran to Flatbush Avenue, with limited service to/from Utica or New Lots Avenue. Beginning on January 18,1988, all midday 5 service was cut back to Bowling Green, in 1995, rush hour service to 241st Street was cut back to Nereid Avenue
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The Himalayan range has the Earths highest peaks, including the highest, the Himalayas include over a hundred mountains exceeding 7,200 metres in elevation. By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia – Aconcagua, in the Andes – is 6,961 metres tall. The Himalayas are spread across five countries, India, China, the Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges, on the north by the Tibetan Plateau, and on the south by the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Some of the major rivers, the Indus, the Ganges, and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra, rise in the Himalayas. The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of South Asia, many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism. Lifted by the subduction of the Indian tectonic plate under the Eurasian Plate and its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of Indus river.
Its eastern anchor, Namcha Barwa, is just west of the bend of the Tsangpo river. The range varies in width from 400 kilometres in the west to 150 kilometres in the east, the name of the range derives from the Sanskrit Himā-laya, from himá and ā-laya. They are now known as the Himalaya Mountains, usually shortened to the Himalayas, they were described in the singular as the Himalaya. This was previously transcribed Himmaleh, as in Emily Dickinsons poetry and Henry David Thoreaus essays. The mountains are known as the Himālaya in Nepali and Hindi, the Himalaya or The Land of Snow in Tibetan, the Hamaleh Mountain Range in Urdu, the flora and fauna of the Himalayas vary with climate, rainfall and soils. The climate ranges from tropical at the base of the mountains to permanent ice, the amount of yearly rainfall increases from west to east along the southern front of the range. This diversity of altitude and soil conditions combined with the high snow line supports a variety of distinct plant. The extremes of high altitude combined with extreme cold favor extremophile organisms, the unique floral and faunal wealth of the Himalayas is undergoing structural and compositional changes due to climate change.
The increase in temperature is shifting various species to higher elevations, the oak forest is being invaded by pine forests in the Garhwal Himalayan region. There are reports of early flowering and fruiting in some species, especially rhododendron, apple. The highest known tree species in the Himalayas is Juniperus tibetica located at 4,900 metres in Southeastern Tibet, the Himalayan range is one of the youngest mountain ranges on the planet and consists mostly of uplifted sedimentary and metamorphic rock
A (New York City Subway service)
The A Eighth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or bullet, is colored vivid blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan, the A operates between 207th Street in Inwood and Mott Avenue in Far Rockaway, Queens, or Lefferts Boulevard in Richmond Hill, Queens. The A is the Central Park West / Eighth Avenue Express in Manhattan, Fulton Street Express in Brooklyn, the A provides the longest one-seat ride in the system, at 32 miles between Inwood and Far Rockaway and has a weekday ridership of 600,000. Five rush hour trips run to and from Beach 116th Street in Rockaway Park, Queens, at all times, a shuttle train operates between Broad Channel, where it connects with the A, and Rockaway Park. During late nights, the A makes all stops along its route and originates/terminates at Far Rockaway only. The A and AA were the first services on the IND Eighth Avenue Line when it opened on September 10,1932, the Independent Subway System used single letters to refer to express services and double letters for local services.
The A ran express between 207th Street and Chambers Street/World Trade Center, and the AA ran local between 168th Street and Chambers St/World Trade Center, known at the time as Hudson Terminal, the AA used a red bullet. During late nights and Sundays, the A did not run, on April 9,1936, the IND Fulton Street Line was opened to Rockaway Avenue. The 1936 completion played a part in the establishment of Bedford-Stuyvesant as Brooklyns central African American community. On December 30,1946 and November 28,1948, the line was extended to Broadway–East New York and Euclid Avenue, respectively. On October 24,1949, express service in Brooklyn to Broadway–East New York began with the A running express during rush hours, on April 29,1956, Grant Avenue was opened, and the line was extended over the BMT Fulton Street Line to Lefferts Boulevard. Weekdays except midnights, alternate trains terminated at Lefferts Boulevard and at Euclid Avenue, during weekends, they terminated at Euclid Avenue with a shuttle to Lefferts Boulevard.
Two months later, on June 28,1956, the former Long Island Rail Road Rockaway Line was rebuilt to subway specifications, at this time, rush hour express service on the Fulton Street Line with the E train began. On September 16,1956, the A was extended to the Rockaways replacing the E, at the time, alternate trains continued running to Lefferts Boulevard. On January 27,1957, non-rush hour through service to the Rockaways was discontinued and was replaced by a shuttle running between Euclid Avenue and Wavecrest, non-rush hour A train service is now to Lefferts Boulevard. This may be the time that the E replaced the A again in the Rockaways, on January 16,1958, a new terminal was created at Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue, and the through connection to the Long Island Rail Roads Far Rockaway station was severed. On September 8,1958, the A train replaced the E train in the Rockaways again, round-robin service from Euclid Avenue to both Rockaway terminals began, non-rush hours, while through A service runs to Lefferts Boulevard.
In September 1959, the A begins to run local in Brooklyn at all times, in 1963, the E train was extended to the Rockaways, and the A train ran local to Euclid Avenue or Lefferts Boulevard at all times
C (New York City Subway service)
The C Eighth Avenue Local is a 19-mile-long rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or bullet, is colored vivid blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan, during late night hours, the A train, which runs express along the entire C route during daytime hours, makes all stops. The C and CC services began operation on July 1,1933 when the IND Concourse Line opened, the Independent Subway System used single letters to refer to express services and double letters to local services. The CC provided local service between Bedford Park Boulevard and Chambers Street/World Trade Center during rush hours, and was extended to 205th Street during non-rush hours, the C ran express, from 205th Street to Bergen Street in Brooklyn during rush hours. Beginning August 19,1933, C service was cut back from Bergen Street, at the same time, CC service was cut back from 205th Street during non-rush hours. On January 1,1936, C service was extended to Jay Street–Borough Hall, on April 9,1937, C service was extended to Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets.
After July 1,1937, a few C trains continued to run to Bergen Street southbound in the AM rush hour, on the same date, weekend C service was discontinued, and CC service was extended to 205th Street to compensate. Beginning December 15,1940, the D train entered service with the opening of the IND Sixth Avenue Line and it joined the C as the peak direction Concourse Express. CC trains now ran between Hudson Terminal and Bedford Park during rush hours and on Saturdays and during other times, the D made local stops in the Bronx, replacing CC service. On the same date, limited morning rush hour service began between 205th Street and Utica Avenue, making local stops on the IND Fulton Street Line, beginning October 10,1944, C trains no longer ran on Saturdays. On October 24,1949, C express service was discontinued, additional D service was added to offset this loss. The CC, which ran during rush hours, began terminating at Broadway–Lafayette Street Mondays to Fridays. On December 29,1951, CC trains were discontinued on Saturdays, on October 30,1954, CC trains returned to its previous terminal at Hudson Terminal.
On August 30,1976, the CC train replaced the E train as the local along Fulton Street and it became the only subway train to run through all four boroughs served by the subway. The Rockaway Park Shuttle service at time was renamed CC, before then. This shuttle was the only non-rush CC service, on May 6,1985, the IND practice of using double letters to indicate local service was discontinued. The CC service was renamed the C, the Rockaway Park Shuttle is renamed H. On December 10,1988, the K train was discontinued, and it ran from Bedford Park Boulevard to Rockaway Park rush hours, 145th Street to Euclid Avenue middays, and from 145th Street to World Trade Center during evenings and weekends
14th Street/Sixth Avenue (New York City Subway)
It is served by the,1,2, F, and L trains at all times 3 train at all times except late nights M train on weekdays A connection is available from this complex to PATH at 14th Street. Notes, The IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms and the lines platforms are one block apart. The express tracks of the IND Sixth Avenue Line run under the complex but are not part of the station, the PATH platforms are at 14th Street station. 14th Street, opened on July 1,1918, is a station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, consisting of four tracks. Both side track walls have their original IRT mosaic trim line with 14 tablets on it at regular intervals, both platforms have blue i-beam columns that run along both sides at regular intervals with alternating ones having the standard black station name plate in white lettering. This station has three fare control areas, the full-time entrance is at the north end. There is a passageway leading to the BMT Canarsie platforms on Sixth Avenue, the station has an exit-only at the center.
The station has a fare control area at the south end. A single staircase from each platform leads to a crossover and a bank of turnstiles as well as one exit-only, the mezzanine has a now-unused customer assistance booth and two staircases going up to both northern corners of 12th Street and Seventh Avenue. There is a full length mezzanine over the platforms and tracks that is largely unused and this station has two side platforms to the inside of the tracks. Both platforms have a trim line on a darker green border and name tablets reading 14TH STREET in white sans serif lettering on a dark green background. Beneath the trim line and name tablets are small directional and number signs in white numbering on a black background, trains open their doors to the left in both directions, which is unusual for a side platformed station in New York City. Most side platforms in the system are to the outside of the tracks, the PATH tracks and platforms are on the other side of the platform walls and not visible from this station.
This means that the stations would be an interchange. Thus, the act as a fare control boundary between the two systems. The Sixth Avenue express tracks are at a level beneath the PATH tracks. The deep-bore tunnels round shape becomes square below this station and at 23rd Street, there are entrance/exits at both 14th Street and 16th Street, with fare controls at both ends. The 14th Street entrance is shared with the PATH station of the same name, at both intersections, exits lead to all four corners
Q (New York City Subway service)
The Q Broadway Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or bullet, is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan, the former designation for the service was the number 1, itself introduced in 1924, a designation shared by all Brighton Line mainline services. The letter designations did not appear on equipment that carried the former route numbers. Therefore, older equipment that carried the number 1 continued to be signed 1 until they were withdrawn from service in 1965, with the introduction of the R27 fleet, the mainline local services on the Brighton Line were given double letters in conformance with IND practice. Ordinarily this would have produced a QQ service, but this designation was never used, the so-called Bankers Special express, which operated a few trains in the morning and evening rush hours to the Wall Street financial district was not given a separate designation. As this service continued to use equipment for years after the letters were introduced.
With the advent of the Chrystie Street services, the Q designation was suspended as Brighton Line express service was provided by the D service via 6th Avenue in Manhattan. The QT and QB designations were both to be dropped as the Brighton Locals were rerouted to the Nassau Street Loop in lower Manhattan and through routed to Jamaica via the BMT Jamaica Line. The QB designation was retained as it was decided to run a few local trains up the BMT Broadway Line to answer complaints that the new services provided no access to the Broadway Line. The service history below includes predecessor services that became the Q service before the identifier was introduced, passengers could make connections with the horsecars of the Brooklyn City Railroad at the Prospect Park terminal. A physical connection was made there both east and west to the LIRR as Bedford Junction, by mutual agreement trains of the BB&CI operated on the LIRR to its terminal at Flatbush and Atlantic Avenues, provided a much better connection to Downtown Brooklyn and ferries to Manhattan.
LIRR trains operated to Brighton Beach from Flatbush and Atlantic and from its own terminal in Long Island City, service operated during the summer season only. In 1900, elevated trains were through-routed to Park Row without need to change trains, Brighton Beach local and express service was extended to a new West End terminal at Stillwell and Surf Avenues, the location of the terminal for the BMT Southern Division, in May 1919. During late nights, all used the tunnel. During the 1930s, limited morning rush hour service ran via the side of the Manhattan Bridge to Chambers Street. On June 29,1950, trains running there during the evening rush as well. On October 17,1949, the IRT Astoria Line was converted to BMT operation, Local trains were extended via this line to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard. Number 2 Fourth Avenue Locals ran here at all times, on April 27,1950, Brighton Locals operated through to Ditmars Boulevard, Astoria all day on weekdays and Saturdays
W (New York City Subway service)
The W Broadway Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subways B Division. Its route emblem, or bullet, is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan, the W operates only on weekdays. Some W trains operate to/from Gravesend-86th Street due to capacity issues on the lower level at City Hall. The W is internally staffed and scheduled as part of the N, introduced on July 22,2001, the W initially ran until June 25,2010, when it was eliminated due to the Metropolitan Transportation Authoritys financial crisis. The MTA restored the route on November 7,2016, using its original emblem and 2004–2010 routing, the W was originally conceived as an extra Broadway Line local service running on the Astoria and Broadway lines to Whitehall Street. This service was essentially a variant of the N route, which in the 1970s and 1980s ran express between Queens and Brooklyn, with trains running local between Queens and Whitehall Street. However, reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 forced the N, which normally ran express on the Broadway Line and on the Bridge and this service change precluded W local service from running as envisioned.
The W bullet appeared on signs as a yellow diamond bullet. The W appeared on the signs of the R44s and R46s with any route. The W was introduced on July 22,2001 when the Manhattan Bridge north tracks closed for reconstruction, the Bridges south side tracks, which led to the Broadway Line, reopened after being closed since 1988. This split had already made from 1986 to 1988, when a part-time orange B only ran north of 34th Street–Herald Square on the Sixth Avenue Line. At the same time, a full-time yellow B ran from Coney Island in Brooklyn across the side of the bridge. This old pattern was restored in 2001, but instead of having two B services, the yellow B was instead named the W. This route began at Coney Island and ran up the West End Line, BMT Fourth Avenue Line, Manhattan Bridge south tracks, Broadway Line, and BMT Astoria Line to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard. Evening service ended at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue in Manhattan, late night service at 36th Street in Brooklyn, and weekend service at Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street in Brooklyn.
After September 11,2001, Broadway Line service in Lower Manhattan was suspended and it made all stops except in Brooklyn north of 36th Street. During late nights, it ran in two sections, between Ditmars Boulevard and 34th Street, skipping 49th Street in the direction, and in Brooklyn between 36th Street and Coney Island. Normal service on both routes resumed on October 28,2001, the Astoria express service, being unpopular with residents, was discontinued on January 15,2002
3 (New York City Subway service)
The 3 Seventh Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or bullet, is colored tomato red since it uses the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan, on November 23,1904, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened between 96th Street and 145th Street. 3 trains ran between 145th Street and City Hall, making all stops, on July 1,1918, the entire IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was completed. 3 trains were rerouted south of 42nd Street from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line to this new line and they now made all stops to South Ferry. As of 1934,3 service operated between 145th Street and South Ferry except late nights, when operated between 145th Street and 96th Street, making local stops. Beginning on January 4,1955, some 3 trains ran express in Manhattan during rush hours and were extended to Flatbush Avenue, late night service was discontinued between 145th Street and 96th Street. Beginning on December 20,1957,3 trains were rerouted to New Lots Avenue during rush hours, on February 6,1959, all trains except late nights made express stops in Manhattan as part of the West Side Improvement and ran to Flatbush Avenue.
Beginning on April 8,1960,3 trains rerouted to New Lots, weekday evening service was cut to a shuttle 145th Street to 135th Street only. Beginning on April 18,1965,3 service ran to Flatbush Avenue again, beginning on October 17,1965, weekend evening service was cut to a shuttle 145th Street to 135th Street. On May 13,1968, trains were extended to the newly completed 148th Street – Lenox Terminal, beginning on December 15,1968, all-night shuttle service between 145th Street and 135th Street were brought back, this was the first time since 1955. Beginning on May 23,1976, the current practice of starting Sunday service late began. Beginning on July 10,1983, the 2 and 3 trains swapped Brooklyn Terminals, beginning on August 5,1990, late-night shuttles between 148th Street and 135th Street were discontinued and replaced by shuttle buses. Beginning on September 4,1994, late-night shuttles between 148th Street and 135th Street were resumed, but were discontinued again on September 10,1995, from March 2 to October 12,1998, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line was rehabilitated.
Most 3 service was rerouted to 137th Street–City College, after September 11,2001, the 3 service became a local in Manhattan. After a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed on September 19,2001 and it ran in Manhattan as an express between Harlem–148th Street and 14th Street and was replaced by 1 service in Brooklyn. It returned to New Lots Avenue on September 15,2002, on July 27,2008, late night 3 service was restored, operating as an express between 148th Street and Times Square–42nd Street. The following table shows the lines used by the 3, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the times, For a more detailed station listing. MTA NYC Transit –3 Seventh Avenue Express 3 Subway Timetable, Effective November 7,2016