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Lion-tailed macaque

The lion-tailed macaque, or the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey endemic to the Western Ghats of South India. The hair of the lion-tailed macaque is black, its outstanding characteristic is the silver-white mane which surrounds the head from the cheeks down to its chin, which gives this monkey its German name Bartaffe - "beard ape". The hairless face is black in colour. With a head-body length of 42 to 61 cm and a weight of 2 to 10 kg, it ranks among the smaller macaques; the tail is medium in length at about 25 cm, has a black tuft at the end, similar to a lion's tail, although this tuft is more pronounced in males than in females. Gestation is six months; the young are nursed for one year. Sexual maturity is reached at four years for females, six years for males; the life expectancy in the wild is 20 years, while in captivity is up to 30 years. The lion-tailed macaque is a rainforest dweller, it is a good climber and spends a majority of its life in the upper canopy of tropical moist evergreen forests.

Unlike other macaques, it avoids humans when possible. In group behavior, the lion-tailed macaque is much like other macaques, living in hierarchical groups of 10 to 20 members, which consist of few males and many females, it is a territorial animal. If this proves to be fruitless, it brawls aggressively. On the other hand, when around mutualistic species, they do not engage vigorously. Lion-tailed macaque behaviour is characterized by typical patterns such as arboreal living, selectively feeding on a large variety of fruit trees, large interindividual spaces while foraging, time budgets with high proportion of time devoted to exploration and feeding, it eats indigenous fruits, buds and small vertebrates in virgin forest, but can adapt to rapid environmental change in areas of massive selective logging through behavioural modifications and broadening of food choices to include fruits, shoots, flowers, cones and other parts of many nonindigenous and pioneer plants. In the forests of Kerala they were observed preying on nestling and eggs of pigeons.

A recent assessment for IUCN reports 3000-3500 of these animals live scattered over several areas in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka The lion-tailed macaque ranks among the rarest and most threatened primates. Their range has become isolated and fragmented by the spread of agriculture and tea, coffee and cinchona, construction of water reservoirs for irrigation and power generation, human settlements to support such activities, they do not feed or travel through plantations. Destruction of their habitat and their avoidance of human proximity have led to the drastic decrease of their population. From 1977 to 1980, public concern about the endanged status of lion-tailed macaque became the focal point of Save Silent Valley, India's fiercest environmental debate of the decade. From 1993 to 1996, 14 troops were observed in Silent Valley National Park, one of the most undisturbed viable habitats left for them. Silent Valley has the largest number of lion tailed macaque in South India. Other protected areas in Kerala include Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Periyar Tiger Reserve and its premises, Eravikulam National Park, Pambadum Shola National Park, Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, Annaimalai Tiger Reserve, New Amarambalam Reserved Forest, Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary and Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary and Wayanad region.

A self-sustainable single population of 32 groups of lion-tailed macaques occurred in Sirsi-Honnavara, the northernmost population of the species. A local census concluded in 2007, conducted in the Theni District of Tamil Nadu, put their numbers at around 250, considered encouraging, because until no lion-tailed macaques had been reported in that specific area; the species is prominently found in the Papanasam part of the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve of Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. Many zoos take part in breeding programs. About 338 of these macaques are reported to live in zoos. However, it is no longer on ‘The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates’ list, after the international body compiling it determined that the local governments in southern India had acted positively to protect it. Nilgiri langur Gray langur Erinjery, J. J. Kumara, H. N. Mohan, K. & Singh, M.. Interactions of Lion-Tailed Macaque with Non-Primates in the Western Ghats, India. Current Science, 112, 2129. Doi:10.18520/cs/v112/i10/2129-2134 ARKive - Images and movies of the lion-tailed macaque The Knights of the Forest - Photo-essay of the lion-tailed macaque Documentary Film - A Call in the Rainforest - Video of Lion-tailed Macaque - Save Earth Series - Lion-tailed Macaque

Josh Rowland

Josh Rowland is a New Zealand-born professional rugby union player who represents Ireland internationally. He plays as a fullback and a wing. Rowland plays for Irish provincial side Connacht in the Pro14. Rowland was born in New Zealand, he attended Rosehill College. Rowland's grandmother came from Dublin in Ireland. Rowland played at provincial level in New Zealand, he was part of the Counties Manukau development team that won the Northern Region Development Competition in 2012. Rowland played for North Harbour in the 2015 ITM Cup, making scoring one try. During this time he captained North Harbour's sevens team. Under Rowland's captaincy, the side made it to the final of New Zealand's national sevens competition, but were beaten by Counties Manukau. July 2016, it was announced. Rowland qualified to play for Ireland through his grandmother. In 2016, he joined, he made his first appearance for the side in a qualification repechage for the 2016 Rio Olympics, which took place in Monaco. Rowland played in the Rugby Europe Trophy in July 2016, which Ireland won.

Rowland played in the 2017 Grand Prix sevens series

Mitch McGary

Mitchell Neil William McGary is an American former professional basketball player. A native of Chesterton, Indiana, McGary declared for the NBA draft after completing his sophomore season for the 2013–14 Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team, he was drafted 21st overall by the Oklahoma City Thunder in the 2014 NBA draft. At the time of his National Letter of Intent signing with Michigan Wolverines basketball, ESPN.com and Scout.com ranked McGary as the number two player in the United States high school class of 2012, while Rivals.com ranked him as the number three prospect. He was not only the consensus top power forward recruit in the nation, but the top big man according to most sources at the time. After his signing, however, McGary fell down in the rankings as his underdeveloped offensive skills became apparent. At Michigan, McGary became the sixth man as well as the leading shot blocker and rebounder for the 2012–13 Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team. During the season, he was twice named Big Ten Freshman of the Week.

He became the regular starter during the 2013 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament and earned South All-Regional Team and NCAA All-Tournament Team recognition as he helped the team reach the championship game. He led all Big Ten freshmen in rebounding. Mitch McGary was born on June 6, 1992, grew up in the Chesterton, area, he played in YMCA and Amateur Athletic Union basketball leagues as a youth, his father, who had never played organized sports, coached him until fourth grade. McGary's mother is named Valerie; when McGary was younger, his father thought. McGary played on the 2007–08 Chesterton High School junior varsity team as a freshman, while eventual three-time Michigan Wolverines captain Zack Novak was a senior on the varsity team; that year he was a 6-foot-6-inch, 190-pound freshman tight end on the high school football team, but his father made him quit football as he continued to grow. His local Indiana SPY Players AAU basketball team included future Michigan teammates Max Bielfeldt and Glenn Robinson III, son of Glenn Robinson.

McGary played two years. McGary is afflicted with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, he transferred to Brewster Academy, a prep school in Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, to repeat his junior year because his parents thought the discipline would be good for him. Before transferring to Brewster, McGary was the tallest kid in his school and in the basketball conference that he played in. McGary shoots left-handed; as late as March 2011, McGary ranked 92nd in the national class of 2012 by Rivals.com. During the LeBron James Skills Academy in July, McGary stood out as the best player in attendance, he was invited to participate in the 5th annual Nike Global Challenge the following month. Due to an ankle injury he did not participate; however that month, he participated in the Boost Mobile Elite 24 event, where he shattered a backboard. His other 2011 summer camps included Pittsburgh Jam Fest, the National Basketball Players Association Top 100 camp and the Under Armour Best of the Best Camp, where he was the most valuable player.

In August, ESPN reported that McGary had narrowed his list of schools to six: University of Florida, University of Maryland, University of North Carolina, University of Michigan, Duke University and University of Kentucky. Because McGary does not like to be the bearer of bad news, when he narrowed his list, he had his father contact the coaches of the teams no longer in contention for his services. McGary scheduled his official Michigan visit for the beginning of September. McGary completed his official campus visits to University of Michigan, University of North Carolina, Duke University, in that order, by October 4. However, due to injuries suffered a few weeks earlier while shattering the backboard, he only played pick-up games at Duke, he made an unofficial visit to Florida prior to these official visits. While Michigan assistant coach Bacari Alexander was recruiting him, a Brewster Academy groundskeeper relayed a story about McGary consoling a freshman, in tears when his parents dropped him off on the first day of school.

Alexander says the groundskeeper told him that "McGary spotted the kid from a distance, stopped his conversation and ran to him, consoled him and brought him into school with his group of friends." Alexander said. His reported best friend, Robinson had committed to Michigan on September 14, 2010. In a press conference broadcast on ESPNU on November 3, 2011, McGary announced his verbal commitment to Michigan over his other two finalist Florida and Duke. Within hours of the commitment, ESPN ranked Michigan's recruiting class the fifth best in the nation. After several other schools announced their commitments, outside the top 25 at the end of October, ranked the number 7 class in the nation, according to ESPN, he waited until November 9 to sign his National Letter of Intent so that his parents, who were still living in Indiana, could be present. Both of his parents had hoped that he would choose Duke. At the time of their November 2011 National Letter of Intent signings, Nik Stauskas, Robinson and McGary gave Michigan a consensus top 10 entering class for its 2012 class.

McGary was technically eligible for the 2012 NBA Draft. Brewster entered the 2012 NEPSAC Class AAA Boys' Basketball Tournament undefeated and ranked number 1 in the nation according to the Five-Star Basketball Rankings published in Sports Illustrated, but lost in the semifinals of the tournament to Northfield Mount Hermon School, led by future teammate Spike Albrecht

Hulda Lashanska

Hulda Lashanska was an American soprano. Hulda Lashanska was the youngest of three daughters born to Henry and Barbette Lashanska in Manhattan, New York, she studied singing with Marcella Sembrich. Before leaving for Europe to further her studies, Lashanska's recital debut took place on May 2, 1909, at the Lyceum Theatre in New York City, where she performed under the name "Hulda Lashan." A critic wrote " natural ability has been guided into proper channels by thorough instruction, now she sings with a measure of art and understanding uncommon in a singer of her years and inexperience. She revealed an abundance of excellent artistic material a voice of vibrant quality, rich in color, a pronounced degree of musical and dramatic temperament." Organized by Alexander Lambert, the concert's purpose was to raise funds for Lashanska's continued studies abroad. Her first song recital at Aeolian Hall took place on January 24, 1918. A critic remarked: "From Sembrich, who has taught her for two years, she has acquired not only the art of easy and pure tone production, but the secrets of style and correct phrasing dependent on her splendid breathing control.

She is an oasis in the desert of voices." She first sang at Carnegie Hall in 1919."Madam Lashanska has a voice of pure and limpid beauty, artistic gifts of musicianship bestowed like the proverbial silver spoon, by the good fairies at her birth, she has "the aristocratic note," quoted by Emma Eames. Her only appearance at the Metropolitan Opera was at the eighteenth Sunday evening concert, March 17, 1918, where she sang "Depuis le jour" from Louise and three songs. Lashanska first appeared with the New York Philharmonic on November 27, 1910, where she sang Franz Liszt's "Die Lorelei" with the orchestra conducted by Walter Damrosch, her last appearance with the Phiharmonic was November 22, 1936, at Lewisohn Stadium where she sang an aria by George Frideric Handel and songs by Hugo Wolf under conductor John Barbirolli. An unnamed critic wrote "Her singing merited praise for tonal quality and mellowness along with understanding of the moods of the music. Certain outstanding high notes were somewhat vibratory, but her voice was satisfactory in volume for the taxing requirements of outdoor performance and, for the most part, produced with ample fluency."She died on January 17, 1974, at her home at 550 Park Avenue in Manhattan, at the age of 80.

Hulda Lashanska married Harold Rosenblum on March 27, 1913. He died on June 8, 1926, they had two daughters: Peggy. In 1938, her daughter Peggy married Peter Gerald Lehman, son of Herbert H. Lehman, the 45th Governor of New York. Hulda Lashanska papers in the Music Division of The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Discography of American Historical Recordings: Hulda Lashanska

Arun Agrawal

Arun Agrawal is a political scientist in the School of Natural Resources & Environment at the University of Michigan. He is editor of the scholarly journal World Development, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2018. PhD - Political Science, Duke University 1992 MA - Political Science, Duke University 1988 MBA - Development Administration and Public Policy, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, 1985 BA - History, University of Delhi, 1983 Some of Agrawal's work has been published in journals such as Science, Conservation Biology, World Development, PNAS. In a publication in Nature, Agrawal explores the positive side of disaster in his case study of a 1998 hurricane in Honduras. According to Agrawal, natural disasters like this set the stage for alternative social trajectories, his best known book is Environmentality: Technologies of Government and the Making of Subjects, published in 2005. Published books included Greener Pastures: Politics and Community Among a Migrant Pastoral People, Decentralization in Nepal: A Comparative Analysis.

"Arun Agrawal provides a most lucid account of the people-government- forest interplay in the 20th century Kumaon Himalayas in this book.... Arun Agrawal addresses these fascinating questions on the basis, not only of archival research, but on the strength of extensive long-term fieldwork."—The Hindu "This book aims to promote Arun Agrawal's own neologism - "environmentality"... This book, has hidden its worthwhile arguments in thickets of verbal profusion, which make it hard to see the teak for the forest."--The Times Higher Education 2001: Agrarian Environments: Resources and Rule in India. Duke University Press, Durham, ISBN 0-8223-2555-1 2001: Social Nature: Resources and Rule in India. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, ISBN 0-19-565460-9 2001: Communities and the Environment: Ethnicity and the State in Community-Based Conservation. Rutgers University Press, Piscataway, ISBN 0-8135-2914-X 2003: Regional Modernities: The Cultural Politics of Development in India. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, ISBN 0-8047-4415-7 Central African Forest Initiative International Forestry Resources and Institutions