The Musée Carnavalet in Paris is dedicated to the history of the city. The museum occupies two neighboring mansions: the Hôtel Carnavalet and the former Hôtel Le Peletier de Saint Fargeau. On the advice of Baron Haussmann, the civil servant who transformed Paris in the latter half of the 19th century, the Hôtel Carnavalet was purchased by the Municipal Council of Paris in 1866. By the latter part of the 20th century, the museum was full to capacity; the Hôtel Le Peletier de Saint Fargeau was annexed to the Carnavalet and opened to the public in 1989. Carnavalet Museum is one of the 14 City of Paris' Museums that have been incorporated since January 1, 2013 in the public institution Paris Musées. It's closed for renovation till the end of 2019. In the courtyard, a magnificent sculpture of Louis XIV, the Sun King, greets the visitor. Inside the museum, the exhibits show the transformation of the village of Lutèce, inhabited by the Parisii tribes, to the grand city of today with a population of 2,201,578.
The Carnavalet houses the following: about 2,600 paintings, 20,000 drawings, 300,000 engravings and 150,000 photographs, 2,000 modern sculptures and 800 pieces of furniture, thousands of ceramics, many decorations and reliefs, thousands of coins, countless items, many of them souvenirs of famous characters, thousands of archeological fragments.... The period called Modern Time, which spans from the Renaissance until today, is known by the vast amount of images of the city.... There are many views of the streets and monuments of Paris from the sixteenth to the twentieth century, but there are many portraits of characters who played a role in the history of the capital and works showing events which took place in Paris the many revolutions which stirred the capital, as well as many scenes of the daily life in all the social classes. Long narrow canoes made from a single tree trunk, dating back long before the first written description of the village in A. D. 52 in Julius Caesar's De bello Gallico A beautiful fourth-century bottle used for perfume, wine, or honey An ornate chest from the 13th century, which came from the royal Abbey of Saint Denis A well-preserved 14th-century sculpture of the head of the Virgin Mary and contemplative, despite the tumultuous events that decimated the city at that time: the Hundred Years' War and the Great Plague of 1348 Paintings from the 16th century depicting famous men and women of the time, including Francis I, Catherine de' Medici, Henry IV.
A painting of the Pont Neuf in about 1660 showing Parisians on foot. A vendor is showing his wares to a crowd of interested on-lookers, a man is walking hunched over with a bundle on his back. Several paintings of Madame de Sévigné, considered the most beautiful woman in Paris The famous uncompleted painting by Jacques-Louis David, The Tennis Court Oath, portraying a pivotal event in French history when members of the National Assembly swore an emotional oath that they would not disband until they had passed a "solid and equitable Constitution." This event is regarded as the beginning of the French Revolution. Paintings showing the people's revenge on the Bastille, a dungeon that had become "a symbol of the arbitrariness of royal power." Paintings or sculptures of the famous actors in the drama of the Revolution, including Mirabeau, Danton and the royal family A painting of death by guillotine at the Place de la Révolution, by Pierre-Antoine Demauchy: the fate that struck King Louis XVI, Queen Marie Antoinette, the Royalists, the Girondins, the Hébertists, the Dantonists and his followers, many others Personal effects belonging to Marie-Antoinette.
A paper on which Robespierre had written his signature when he was seized by soldiers of the National Convention. Napoleon's favorite case of toiletries Paintings of early-19th-century Paris A painting depicting one of the most important moments of the July Revolution: The Seizing of the Louvre, 29 July 1830, by Jean-Louis Bézard Marvelous sculptures of Parisians of the time, some realistic portrayals, others caricatures, by Jean-Pierre Dantan The ornate cradle of the imperial prince, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, son of the Emperor Napoleon III and the Empress Eugénie Illustrated posters from the Belle Epoque Realistic paintings of late 19th-century Paris. A gold watch-chronometer that belonged to Émile Zola A painting of the construction of the Statue of Liberty, shipped to the United States in pieces Paintings of the Exposition Universelle, including one of the Eiffel Tower, built for this event, it was used in the 1970 Walt Disney animated film "Aristocats". A reconstruction, with original furniture, of the room where Marcel Proust wrote In search of lost time Photographs of 20th-century Paris by Eugène Atget and Henri Cartier-Bresson A stylized painting of a crowded bistro of the mid-1900s, by the naturalized Japanese artist, Leonard Foujita A photograph in daguerreotype, The Forum of the Halles, taken by two American photographers in 1989 for an exhibit at the Carnavalet celebrating the 150th anniversary of the invention of photography Hôtel de CarnavaletIn 1548, Jacques des Ligneris, President of the Parliament of Paris, ordered the construction of the mansion that came to be known as the Hôtel Carnavalet.
In 1578, the widow of Francois de Kernevenoy, a Breton whose name was rendered in French as Carnavalet, purchased the building. In 1654, the mansion was bought by Claude Boislève, who commissioned the well-known architect, François Mansart, to make extensive renovations. Madame de Sévigné, famous for her letter-writing, lived in the Hôtel Carnavalet from 1677 un
4th arrondissement of Paris
The 4th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as quatrième; the arrondissement known as Hôtel-de-Ville, is situated on the right bank of the River Seine. The 4th arrondissement contains the Renaissance-era Paris City Hall, rebuilt between 1874 and 1882, it contains the Renaissance square of Place des Vosges, the overtly modern Pompidou Centre, the lively southern part of the medieval district of Le Marais, which today is known for being the gay district of Paris.. The eastern parts of the Île de la Cité as well as the Île Saint-Louis are included within the 4th arrondissement; the 4th arrondissement is known for its little streets, cafés, shops but is regarded by Parisians as expensive and congested. It is desirable for those wanting a mix of many cultures. With a land area of 1.601 km2, the 4th arrondissement is the third smallest arrondissement in the city. It is bordered to the west by the 1st arrondissement, to the north by the 3rd, to the east by the 11th and 12th, to the south by the Seine and the 5th.
The peak of population of the 4th arrondissement occurred before 1861, though the arrondissement was defined in its current shape only since the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 30,675, the arrondissement hosted 41,424 jobs. ¹The peak of population in this area occurred before 1861, but thearrondissement was created in 1860, so there are not accurate figures before 1861. The Île de la Cité has been inhabited since the 1st century BC, when it was occupied by the Parisii tribe of the Gauls; the Right Bank was first settled in the 5th century. Since the end of the 19th century, le Marais has been populated by a significant Jewish population, the Rue des Rosiers being at the heart of its community. There are a handful of kosher restaurants. Since the 1990s, gay culture has influenced the arrondissement, with new residents opening a number of bars and cafés in the area by the town hall. Bazar de l'Hôtel de Ville department store Berthillon Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal Centre Georges Pompidou Hôtel-Dieu hospital Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Sully, on the site of a former orangery Hôtel de Ville Le Marais Rue des Rosiers Lycée Charlemagne Maison européenne de la photographie Marché aux fleurs, Place Louis Lépine Musée Boleslas Biegas, Musée Adam Mickiewicz, Salon Frédéric Chopin Musée de la Magie Notre-Dame de Paris Pavillon de l'Arsenal Prefecture of Police Quai des Célestins Saint-Jacques Tower St-Gervais-et-St-Protais Church Saint-Louis-en-l'Île Church Salle des Traditions de la Garde Républicaine Former Temple and prison Temple du Marais Place de la Bastille, including the July Column Place de l'Hôtel de Ville Place de Grève Place des Vosges Place du Chatelet Place Saint-Gervais, outside the doors of the St-Gervais-et-St-Protais Church Rue de Rivoli Square Barye The official guide, partner of the Paris Tourist office 4th arrondissement travel guide from Wikivoyage Site of the Mayor of the 4th arrondissement L'Indépendant du 4e Posts in English by an inhabitants of the 4th arrondissement since 2008: dailylife, heritage...
News on Marais in Paris
Le Marais is a historic district in Paris, France. Long the aristocratic district of Paris, it hosts many outstanding buildings of historic and architectural importance, it spreads across parts of the 4th arrondissements in Paris. Once shabby, the district has been rehabilitated and now sports trendy shopping and restaurants in streets such as Rue des Francs-Bourgeois and Rue des Rosiers. In 1240, the Order of the Temple built its fortified church just outside the walls of Paris, in the northern part of the Marais; the Temple turned this district into an attractive area, which became known as the Temple Quarter, many religious institutions were built nearby: the des Blancs-Manteaux, de Sainte-Croix-de-la-Bretonnerie and des Carmes-Billettes convents, as well as the church of Sainte-Catherine-du-Val-des-Écoliers. During the mid-13th century, Charles I of Anjou, King of Naples and Sicily, brother of King Louis IX of France built his residence near the current n°7 rue de Sévigné. In 1361 the King Charles V built a mansion known as the Hôtel Saint-Pol in which the Royal Court settled during his reign as well as his son's.
From that time to the 17th century and after the Royal Square was designed under King Henri IV of France in 1605, the Marais was the French nobility's favorite place of residence. French nobles built their urban mansions there—hôtels particuliers, in French—such as the Hôtel de Sens, the Hôtel de Sully, the Hôtel de Beauvais, the Hôtel Carnavalet, the Hôtel de Guénégaud and the Hôtel de Soubise, as well as many other hôtels particuliers, found all over the district. During the late 18th century, the district was no longer the most fashionable district for the nobility, yet it still kept its reputation of being an aristocratic area. By that time, only minor nobles and a few more powerful nobles, such as the Prince de Soubise, lived there; the Place des Vosges remained a place for nobles to meet. The district fell into despair after the French Revolution, was therefore abandoned by the nobility and would remain so until the present day. After the French Revolution, the district was no more the aristocratic district it once was during the 17th and 18th centuries.
Because of this, the district became a popular and active commercial area, hosting one of Paris' main Jewish communities. At the end of the 19th century and during the first half of the 20th, the district around the rue des Rosiers, referred to as the "Pletzl", welcomed many Eastern European Jews who reinforced the district's clothing specialization. During World War II the Jewish community was targeted by the Nazis; as of today the rue des Rosiers remains a major centre of the Paris Jewish community, which has made a comeback since the 1990s. Public notices announce Jewish events, bookshops specialize in Jewish books, numerous restaurants and other outlets sell kosher food; the synagogue on 10 rue Pavée is adjacent to the rue des Rosiers. It was designed in 1913 by Art Nouveau architect Hector Guimard, who designed several Paris Metro stations. Le Marais houses the Museum of Jewish Art and History, the largest French museum of Jewish art and history; the museum conveys the rich history and culture of Jews in Europe and North Africa from the Middle Ages to the 20th century.
In 1982, Palestinan terrorists murdered 6 people and injured 22 at a Jewish restaurant in Le Marais, Chez Jo Goldenberg, an attack which evidence ties to the Abu Nidal Organization. By the 1950s, the district had become a working-class area and most of its architectural masterpieces were in a bad state of repair. In 1964, General de Gaulle's Culture Minister Andre Malraux made the Marais the first secteur sauvegardé; these were meant to conserve places of special cultural significance. In the following decades the government and the Parisian municipality led an active restoration and Rehabilitation Policy; the main Hôtels particuliers have been restored and turned into museums: the Hôtel Salé hosts the Picasso Museum, the Hôtel Carnavalet hosts the Paris Historical Museum, the Hôtel Donon hosts the Cognacq-Jay Museum, the Hôtel de Saint-Aignan hosts the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme. The site of Beaubourg, the western part of Marais, was chosen for the Centre Georges Pompidou, France's national Museum of Modern Art and one of the world's most important cultural institutions.
The building was completed in 1977 with revolutionary architecture by Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers. The Marais is now one of Paris' main localities for art galleries. Following its rehabilitation, the Marais has become a fashionable district, home to many trendy restaurants, fashion houses, hip galleries; the Marais is known for the Chinese community it hosts. The community began to appear during World War I. At that time, France needed workers to replace its at-war soldiers and China decided to send a few thousand of its citizens on the condition that they would not take part in the war. After the 1918 victory, some of them decided to stay in Paris living around the current rue au Maire. Today, most work in leather-related products; the Marais' Chinese community has settled in the north of the district in the surrounding of Place de la République. Next to it, on the Rue du Temple, is the Chinese Church of Paris. Other features of the neighbourhood include the Musée Picasso, the house of Nicolas Flamel, the Musée Cognacq-Jay, the Musée Carnavalet.
Le Marais became a centre of LGBT culture, beginning in the 1980s. As of today, 40% of the LGBT businesses in Paris are in Le Marais. Florence Tamagne, author of Paris:'Resting on its Laurels'?, wrote that Le
Place des Vosges
The Place des Vosges Place Royale, is the oldest planned square in Paris, France. It is located in the Marais district, it straddles the dividing-line between the 3rd and 4th arrondissements of Paris, it was a fashionable and expensive square to live in during the 17th and 18th centuries, one of the central reasons of the fashionable nature of Le Marais for the Parisian nobility. Known as the Place Royale, the Place des Vosges was built by Henri IV from 1605 to 1612. A true square, it embodied the first European program of royal city planning, it was built on the site of the Hôtel des Tournelles and its gardens: at a tournament at the Tournelles, a royal residence, Henri II was wounded and died. Catherine de' Medici had the Gothic complex demolished, she moved to the Louvre Palace; the Place des Vosges, inaugurated in 1612 with a grand carrousel to celebrate the engagement of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, is a prototype of the residential squares of European cities that were to come. What was new about the Place Royale in 1612 was that the housefronts were all built to the same design by Jean Baptiste Androuet du Cerceau, of red brick with strips of stone quoins over vaulted arcades that stand on square pillars.
The steeply-pitched blue slate roofs are pierced with discreet small-paned dormers above the pedimented dormers that stand upon the cornices. Only the north range was built with the vaulted ceilings. Two pavilions that rise higher than the unified roofline of the square center the north and south faces and offer access to the square through triple arches. Though they are designated the Pavilion of the King and of the Queen, no royal has lived in the aristocratic square, except for Anne of Austria in the Pavilion de la Reine, for a short while; the Place des Vosges initiated subsequent developments of Paris that created a suitable urban background for the French aristocracy and nobility. The square was the place for the nobility to chat, served as a meeting place for them; this was so until the Revolution. Before the square was completed, Henri IV ordered the Place Dauphine to be laid out. Within a mere five-year period the king oversaw an unmatched building scheme for the ravaged medieval city: additions to the Louvre Palace, the Pont Neuf, the Hôpital Saint Louis as well as the two royal squares.
Cardinal Richelieu had an equestrian bronze of Louis XIII erected in the center. In the late 18th century, while most of the nobility moved to the Faubourg Saint-Germain district, the square managed to keep some of its aristocratic owners until the Revolution, it was renamed in 1799 when the département of the Vosges became the first to pay taxes supporting a campaign of the Revolutionary army. The Restoration returned the old royal name, but the short-lived Second Republic restored the revolutionary one in 1870. Today the square is planted with a bosquet of mature lindens set in grass and gravel, surrounded by clipped lindens. Residents of the Place des Vosges No. 1bis Madame de Sevigné was born here No. 6, "Maison de Victor Hugo" Victor Hugo from 1832 to 1848, in what was the Hôtel de Rohan, now a museum devoted to his memory, managed by the City of Paris No. 7 Sully, Henri IV's great minister No. 8 poet Théophile Gautier and writer Alphonse Daudet No. 9, seat of l' Académie d'architecture also tenanted by Galerie Historisimus No. 11 occupied from 1639-1648 by the courtesan Marion Delorme No. 14.
Its ceilings painted by Lebrun are reinstalled in the Musée Carnavalet. Rabbi David Feuerwerker, Antoinette Feuerwerker and Atara Marmor No. 15 Marguerite Louise d'Orléans, wife of Cosimo III de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany. No. 17 former residence of Bossuet No. 21 Cardinal Richelieu from 1615 to 1627 No. 23 post-impressionist painter Georges Dufrénoy No. 28 Family of Chabot-Rohan Marywil Hilary Ballon, The Paris of Henry IV: Architecture and Urbanism, 1994 ISBN 0-262-52197-0 The official guide, partner of the Paris Tourist Office "Paris Pages. Archived from the original on 10 March 2010. Satellite image from Google Maps http://www.letthemtalk.com/html/pariswalks/placedesvosges.html Place des Vosges audio tour dans le parc
3rd arrondissement of Paris
The 3rd arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is colloquially referred to as troisième; the arrondissement, called Temple and situated on the right bank of the River Seine, is the smallest in area after the 2nd arrondissement. The arrondissement contains the quieter part of the medieval district of Le Marais; the oldest surviving private house of Paris, built in 1407, is to be found in the 3rd arrondissement, 52 rue de Montmorency. The ancient Jewish quarter, the Pletzel which dates from the 13th century begins in the eastern part of the 3rd arrondissement and extends into the 4th, it is home to the Musée d'art et d'histoire du judaïsme and the Agoudas Hakehilos synagogue designed by the architect Guimard. Although trendy boutiques are now taking up many of the storefronts, there are still landmark stores selling traditional Jewish foods. A small but expanding Chinatown inhabited by immigrants from Wenzhou centers on the rue au Maire, near the Conservatoire national des arts et métiers housed in the medieval priory of Saint-Martin-des-Champs.
With a land area of 1.171 km2, the 3rd arrondissement is the second smallest arrondissement in the city. The area now occupied by the third arrondissement attained its peak population in the period preceding the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 34,248. ¹The peak of population occurred before 1861, but thearrondissement was created in 1860, so we do not have figures before 1861. Schools include: Lycée Victor Hugo Le Marais Carnavalet Museum Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers - main campus Le Défenseur du Temps Institut Tessin Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée de la Chasse et de la Nature Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée de l'Histoire de France Musée de la Poupée Musée de la Serrure Hôtel de Soubise Former Temple fortress Carreau du Temple 3rd arrondissement travel guide from Wikivoyage The official guide, partner of the Paris Tourist Office
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Hôtel de Soubise
The Hôtel de Soubise is a city mansion entre cour et jardin, located at 60 rue des Francs-Bourgeois, in the 3rd arrondissement of Paris. The Hôtel de Soubise was built for the Prince and Princess de Soubise on the site of a semi-fortified manor house named the Grand-Chantier built in 1375 for connétable Olivier de Clisson, a property of the Templars; the site contained the Hôtel de Guise, the Paris residence of the Dukes of Guise, a cadet branch of the House of Lorraine. It was the birthplace of the last Duke, Francis Joseph, Duke of Guise, the son of Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans, Duchess of Alençon, he died in 1675 and the Guise estate passed to Marie de Lorraine who died at the Hôtel in 1688 having been born there in 1615. On March 27, 1700, François de Rohan, prince de Soubise bought the Hôtel de Clisson de Guise, asked the architect Pierre-Alexis Delamair to remodel it completely. Works started in 1704, his wife Anne de Rohan-Chabot, one time mistress of Louis XIV died here in 1709. Hercule Mériadec, Prince of Soubise was responsible for some interior décor at the Hôtel de Soubise engaging Germain Boffrand in the process.
This dates from the 1730s. Improvements were made to celebrate the marriage of Hercule Mériadec to Marie Sophie de Courcillon, granddaughter of the famous marquis de Dangeau, it was the home of Louis XV's friend Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise. Interiors by Germain Boffrand, created about 1735–40 and dismantled, are accounted among the high points of the rococo style in France, they constituted the new apartments of the Prince on the ground floor and the Princesse on the piano nobile, both of which featured oval salons looking into the garden. These rooms have changed little since the 18th century, including the Chambre du prince, Salon ovale du prince, Chambre d'apparat de la princesse and the fine Salon ovale de la princesse with gilded carvings and mirror-glass embedded in the boiserie and ceiling canvases and overdoors by François Boucher, Charles-Joseph Natoire, Carle Van Loo. Since a Napoleonic decree of 1808, this residence has been the property of the State. Nowadays it hosts a part of the French National Archives.
List of Baroque residences Fiske Kimball, 1943. The Creation of the Rococo insecula.com entry