Huddersfield Giants R. L. F. C. are an English professional rugby league club from Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, the birthplace of rugby league, who play in the Super League competition. They have won 7 Championships and 6 Challenge Cups, but have not won a trophy since 1962. The club was known as Huddersfield Barracudas from 1984–88 and Huddersfield-Sheffield Giants for the 2000 season and they play in a distinctive strip of a claret shirt with thin gold hoops, claret shorts and claret and gold hooped socks. They have rivalries with Warrington Wolves, Leeds Rhinos, Bradford Bulls and Wakefield Trinity Wildcats. The earliest record of a match being played in the Huddersfield area is in 1848. Hepworth won a close game which exhibited the usual amount of confusions, bloody noses, etc. There appears to have no formal structure to sport in the Huddersfield area until the opening of the Apollo Gymnasium on 3 August 1850. In 1864 the Apollo Gymnasium was turned into the Gymnasium Theatre, the athletes of the gymnasium responded by forming a more organised athletics association.
In an advertisement headed Huddersfield Athletic Club they invited gentlemen desirous of becoming members to a meeting at 8 oclock on the evening of 16 November 1864 at the Queen Hotel. The meeting went ahead, a hundred names were registered and a committee was formed, within a month a new gymnasium was in service in a basement on Back John William Street. On 27 January 1866 twenty members of the Huddersfield Athletic Club agreed to play a match against twenty of the Huddersfield Rifle Corps at Rifle Field in Trinity Street. Although the result was a draw, a large crowd was attracted. In light of this, the Huddersfield Athletic Club agreed to start a football section which was to start at the beginning of December 1866. Initially the Huddersfield Athletic Club made no contribution to the support of the football club, as the football club grew, it became a useful recruiting tool for the Huddersfield Athletic Club. In 1869 six matches were played and by 1870 three of the players had been selected to represent Yorkshire.
By 1872 there were so many players that a team was formed. The growth in popularity of the club and the need for better facilities led to the Huddersfield Athletic Club approaching St Johns Cricket Club with a proposal to merge the two clubs, St Johns Cricket Club had been formed in 1866 at Hillhouse and had moved to Fartown ground. By 1875, when talks began, over £800 had been spent on developing the new ground
Wales national rugby league team
The Wales national rugby league team represents Wales in international rugby league football matches. Currently the team is eighth in the RLIF World Rankings, the team was run under the auspices of the Rugby Football League, but an independent body, Wales Rugby League, now runs the team from Cardiff. A total of three Welsh players have entered into the Rugby League Hall Of Fame. Similar to many other Welsh national sporting teams, Wales strip has been primarily red for many years, however, in their last World Cup campaign in 2000 they did wear a shirt featuring the Welsh flag, adding a touch of green and white. The team is known as The Dragons and so the logo on the shirt is a red dragon. The team date back to 1907, making them the third oldest national side after England, and it was a touring New Zealand side that Wales first played against in 1908, winning 9–8 at Aberdare. For 26 years Wales competed against their two biggest rivals and France, in the European Nations Cup, winning the four times.
Wales have competed in the World Cup on four occasions, in 1995 and 2000 they had their most successful tournaments to date, surprisingly making the Semi-Finals on both occasions before being beaten by England and Australia respectively. Wales failed to qualify for the 2008 World Cup, being the second highest ranked side not to do so, having lost to Scotland on points difference over two matches. In 2014 former England and France coach John Kear became the new coach after Iestyn Harris left the post to concentrate on his new job as head coach at Salford Red Devils. On 5 April 1904, England played a match against the Other Nationalities. Of the twelve players who played for the Other Nationalities team, as it was a 12-a-side game, after 80 minutes however, the Other Nationalities had beaten England 9–3. Nevertheless, this carried on for another two years, playing England annually in 1905 and 1906, losing 26–11 and drawing 3–3 respectively. From 1905 to 1910 Rugby League as a sport enjoyed growth, not just in Wales and England, the Welsh rugby league team were contesting their first national fixture, and managed to beat the touring Kiwis 9–8 in Aberdare in front of 20,000 spectators.
At the end of 1908 Wales played their third and final fixture of the decade, playing England again, but this time in Broughton, Lancashire. However, in 1909 another victory was to occur for Welsh Rugby League, in the years before the outbreak of the war, Wales regularly played England. The two national teams played each other every year, including 1914. On the 7 October 1911 Wales played Australia for the first time, the match, held at Ebbw Vale again, drew 7,000 people to watch Wales go down 20–28
History of rugby league
Similar schisms occurred in Australia and New Zealand in 1907. Gradually the rugby played in these breakaway competitions evolved into a separate sport that took its name from the professional leagues that administered it. Rugby league in England went on to set attendance and player payment records, the game developed a significant place in the culture of France, New Zealand and several other Pacific Island nations, such as Papua New Guinea, where it has become the national sport. Although many forms of football had been played across the world, in 1871, English clubs playing the version of football played at Rugby School which involved much more handling of the ball than in association football, met to form the Rugby Football Union. Many new rugby clubs were formed, and it was in the Northern English counties of Lancashire and Yorkshire that the game really took hold, here rugby was largely a working class game, whilst the south eastern clubs were largely middle class. Rugby spread to Australasia, especially the cities of Sydney, Christchurch, here too there was a clear divide between the working and more affluent upper class players.
England teams of the era were dominated by Lancashire and Yorkshire players, however these players were forbidden to earn any of the spoils of this newly-rich game. Predominantly working class found it difficult to play to their full potential because in many cases their time to play. A further limit on the ability of working class teams was that working class players had to be careful how hard they played. If injured, they had to pay their own bills and possibly take time off work. In 1892, charges of professionalism were laid against rugby football clubs in Bradford and Leeds, by implication they were arguing that this affected the RFUs decisions on the issue of broken time payments to the detriment of northern clubs, who made up the majority of English rugby clubs. Payment for broken time was a proposal put forward by Yorkshire clubs that would allow players to receive up to six shillings when they missed work because of match commitments, the idea was voted down by the RFU, and widespread suspensions of northern clubs and players began.
Two days later, on 29 August 1895, representatives of clubs met in the George Hotel, Huddersfield to form the Northern Rugby Football Union. Twenty clubs agreed to resign from the Rugby Union, but Dewsbury felt unable to comply with the decision. The Cheshire club, had telegraphed the meeting requesting admission to the new organisation and was accepted with a second Cheshire club, Runcorn. The rugby union authorities took action, issuing sanctions against clubs, players. This extended even to amateurs who played with or against Northern Union sides, northern clubs that existed purely for social and recreational rugby began to affiliate to the Northern Union, whilst retaining amateur status. By 1904 the new body had more affiliated to it than the RFU
Wigan Warriors R. L. F. C. is a professional rugby league club based in Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. The club competes in the Super League and are the current Super League Champions. formed in 1872 as Wigan Football Club, they are a founding member of the Northern Rugby Football Union following the schism from the Rugby Football Union in 1895. Wigan have won 21 League Championships,19 Challenge Cups and 4 World Club Challenge trophies, the club is the all-time most successful club in English rugby league. Wigan had a period of sustained success from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, winning the Challenge Cup eight seasons in succession, the club plays its home matches at the DW Stadium, having played at Central Park between 1902 and 1999. The current head coach is Shaun Wane, the captain is Sean OLoughlin. On 21 November 1872, Wigan Football Club was founded by members of Wigan Cricket Club following a meeting at the Royal Hotel, Wigan F. C. played on Folly Field, near Upper Dicconson Street.
The first match took place on 30 November when members played against each other in a match at Folly Field. After a series of trial and practice matches, they travelled to Warrington to play their first competitive match on 18 January 1873, the game ended in a draw. Financial problems and an inability to recruit quality players led to the club amalgamating with Upholland F. C. in 1876, the club became Wigan & District F. C. The club moved and played its games at the Wigan Cricket Club at Prescott Street just off Frog Lane. It is unlikely that the club fulfilled its fixtures in 1877 before finally disbanding at the end of the 1879 cricket season. On 22 September 1879, the club was reformed as Wigan Wasps by many ex-members of the original Wigan Football Club, the club moved away from Prescott Street back to Folly Field. In 1884, Wigan won its first trophy, the West Lancashire Cup, the club initially played in blue and white hooped jerseys before changing in 1886 to cherry and white hoops. In 1888 they hosted and beat a touring New Zealand side, Wigan were suspended by the RFU for breaking the strict amateur code despite their argument that broken-time payments were necessary to avoid undue hardship for their working class players.
In 1895 Wigan joined with other clubs from Yorkshire and Lancashire to found the Northern Union which led eventually to the sport of rugby league and this was a result of the breakaway from the Rugby Football Union. This was when the Wasps tag was dropped and the club became known as Wigan. The County Championship was introduced in October 1895 with Cheshire entertaining Lancashire, the Red Rose side contained three players from Wigan and Unsworth and Brown. In 1896–97 due to the number of Northern Union teams the Northern League was abandoned in favour of two County Senior leagues
League 1 (rugby league)
League 1, formerly Championship 1 and currently known as Kingstone Press League 1 for sponsorship reasons, is a professional rugby league competition based in England. The competition features clubs from Canada and Wales and it is the RFLs third-tier competition, below the Championship, with which it has promotion and relegation. The league was inaugurated in 2003 when the Northern Ford Premiership was divided two separate leagues, initially named National League One and National League Two. In 2009, the names were changed to the Championship and Championship 1 respectively. Third-division rugby league competitions in the United Kingdom have existed periodically since 1991, the current incarnation was created in 2003 when the second-division competition below Super League, the Northern Ford Premiership, was split into National Leagues One and Two. At the end of the 2005 Super League season, a team was relegated to National League One in order to accommodate French side Catalans Dragons entry to the competition.
In order to even up the numbers, the Welsh team Celtic Crusaders were admitted to the competition in 2005, first playing in the 2006 season, in 2009 Super League was expanded to 14 teams, with two additional teams being promoted from National League One. In turn, two teams were promoted from National League Two to National League One at the end of the 2008 season. National Leagues One and Two were rebranded as Championship and Championship 1 respectively, south Wales Scorpions were admitted to Championship 1 for the 2010 season, increasing the number of teams in the league to 11. Blackpool Panthers left the league in 2011, once again reducing the number of teams to 10, in 2013, three new teams were admitted to the league, Hemel Stags, Gloucestershire All Golds and Oxford Rugby League. In 2014 expansion and restructure took place with 5 teams relegated from the Championship and Coventry Bears added to expand the league to 14 teams, a new playoff structure was introduced with two teams being promoted to the Championship.
In 2015 the League 1 Cup was introduced as a competition for League 1 clubs. In 2016 Toulouse Olympique joined the league, bringing the number of teams to 15. Toronto Wolfpack will join the league from 2017, taking the number of teams to 16. In 2016, the Super 8s format that had used in the Super League. Under the amended structure, the 16 League 1 clubs play a season of 15 rounds. They play each other once to determine which five clubs will compete in the playoffs, the remaining League 1 clubs compete for the League 1 Shield. The team finishing bottom collects the wooden spoon, *capacity for Rugby League games may differ from official stadium capacity
All Four Cups
Winning All Four Cups refers to winning all four competitions available to a British rugby league side in the top division. The cups available to win are, Challenge Cup Super League League Leaders Shield World Club Challenge There have been many different cups available that qualify as winning All Four Cups, to win All Four Cups in a single season was long regarded as the holy grail for a team. The feat was achieved on three occasions and they were captained by Albert Goldthorpe, who operated in the back line. Hunslets forward pack of that season was equally famous, going by the name of The Terrible Six. Hunslet did not top the table at the end of the season, coming behind Oldham. They ran out 14–0 winners in the Challenge Cup Final in front of 18,000 spectators at Fartown and they took the Yorkshire Cup by virtue of a 17–0 victory over Halifax. The feat was repeated by Huddersfield in the 1914–15 season by the Fartowners famous Team of all Talents. They were captained by Harold Wagstaff, immortalised as the Prince of Centres and they easily defeated Leeds, 35–2, in the Championship final, and managed an even greater margin of victory in the Challenge Cup, crushing St.
Helens, 37–3, at Oldham. The season saw Huddersfields wing-three-quarter Albert Rosenfeld score an impressive 56 tries, however this figure paled into insignificance when it is remembered that Rosenfeld, a Jewish Australian who had come over to Britain with the 1908 Kangaroos, had scored 80 tries the previous season. This record has never yet been beaten, the team of all the Talents could well have gone on to even greater exploits, however sadly the First World War intervened, and the team broke up. The Huddersfield club was unable to field a team, reforming only after the war ended, the final team to win All Four Cups was Swinton, who thus became the only side ever to achieve a Lancashire version of the feat. The 1927–28 Northern Rugby Football League season saw the Lions sweep aside all before them and they topped both the League and the Lancashire League, having already defeated Wigan in the Lancashire Cup. In a tense Challenge Cup final they squeezed past Warrington 5-3, the county leagues were abolished in 1970, and the county cups followed in 1993.
New competitions have replaced them, and at times there have been up to six cups. They won the championship, beat Leeds, 69–24, in the Premiership final, defeated Leeds again, 30–10, in the Challenge Cup Final, the Premiership final and Regal Trophy were abolished to make way for Super League in 1996. The Super League Grand Final was introduced in 1998 and League Leaders Shield was first awarded in 2003 and they were the Super League leaders, and won the 2003 Grand Final, winning 25–12, against Wigan. In February 2004 they won all Four Cups by beating Penrith Panthers, 22–4, St. Helens were the last team to win All Four Cups in 2006. They beat Huddersfield Giants in the Challenge Cup 42-12, won the League Leaders Shield, in February 2007 they claimed All Four Cups for the first time in their history by beating Brisbane Broncos 18-14 in the World Club Challenge
Scotland Rugby League
The Scotland Rugby League is the governing body for rugby league football in Scotland. It administers the Scotland national rugby league teams, the Scotland Division of the Rugby League Conference serves as the domestic competition. It was founded with five teams in 1997 and was administered by Scotland Rugby League and it has been administered by the Rugby League Conference since 2006 and became full members of the Conference in 2007. The Scotland national rugby league team represent Scotland in international rugby league football tournaments, Scotland are not regarded as a test nation. Though its foundations may date back to as early as 1904, in their first match they played Ireland, losing narrowly. Since then, Ireland has become the main rival, the two teams having played each other many times in their short histories. Scotland have played the United States and Russia amongst others, in 2000 they qualified for their first ever World Cup, but failed to make an impact, losing all three of their group matches, their biggest losing margin was just 12 points.
In 2008 they beat Wales over two matches to qualify for the 2008 World Cup
Scotland national rugby league team
The Scottish national rugby league team represent Scotland in international rugby league football tournaments. Scotland are not regarded as a test nation, though its foundations may date back to as early as 1904, the team formally began in 1995, making them the newest international rugby league team in Great Britain. In their first match they played Ireland, losing narrowly, since then, Ireland has become the teams main rival, the two teams having played each other many times in their short histories. Scotland have played the United States and Russia amongst others, in 2000 they qualified for their first ever World Cup, but failed to make an impact, losing all three of their group matches, their biggest losing margin was just 12 points. In 2008 they beat Wales over two matches to qualify for the 2008 World Cup, Scotland play in a dark blue strip, similar to the nations football and rugby union teams, with blue shirt and socks. A blue and white shield with a thistle, the Scottish emblem, is the teams badge, the shirt has rarely been significantly changed, although in the early days of the team, white was used on the shirts.
As of 1 June 2016, the team is ranked ninth in the world, behind all of the nations, neighbours England, Ireland. In the Rugby League European Federation, Scotland are ranked fifth behind Wales, englishman Steve McCormack is the teams coach, having coached since 2004, with Danny Brough captaining the side. It could be argued that the foundations for the Scottish team began in 1904, on 5 April 1904 England played an international match against the Other Nationalities, a team of Welshmen and Scotsmen, in Wigan. Of the twelve players who played for the Other Nationalities team two of them were Scotsmen coming from Northern Union clubs, including captain George Frater, after 80 minutes the Other Nationalities had beaten England 9–3. The team carried on for two years, playing England in 1905, losing 26–11, and in 1906, drawing 3–3. The team was revived, most notably in the early 1930s. Both Scotland and Ireland had been developing rugby league in their respective nations for several years and this was especially true at student level, with a Scotland student team having played regularly since 1987 and having competed in the 1992 Students World Cup.
Both Scotland Rugby League and Rugby League Ireland arranged a match on 13 August 1995 at the Royal Dublin Showground in Dublin, however the Rugby Football League provided no financial support to either team. Luckily the Scotland team managed to get sponsored, and the money was used for the ferry crossing, the Scotland squad was largely made up of players who had played in the student squads, but a few professionals were included. A new location was found but it was half a mile away from the ground. The match was looking like it would be scoreless at half-time until just before the break, after the break Scotland hit back, Sean Cusack scoring Scotlands first ever try. Gavin Manclark scored to propel Scotland into the lead and this did not last long though, as Leo Casey scored for Ireland in the 55th minute
The Pennine Amateur Rugby League, or Pennine League is a rugby league competition for amateur open-age clubs that runs from September to April. The clubs are drawn from West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, the league is run by the British Amateur Rugby League Association. Teams from the Pennine League can apply for election to the National Conference League if they meet minimum criteria, following the formation of British Amateur Rugby League Association in 1973, local District Leagues got together and pooled their resources. The Pennine league was formed by a merger of Bradford, Huddersfield, for the 2011–2012 season, there will be 106 teams within the Pennine League structure, organised into nine divisions. The number of teams has increased by 24 over the past four years in part due to the demise of the CMS Yorkshire League. The current league structure is as follows, Siddal, Shaw Cross, Eastmoor Dragons and Castleford Panthers enter their first team in the National Conference League
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and it had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2. Wales has over 1,680 miles of coastline and is mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon. The country lies within the temperate zone and has a changeable. Welsh national identity emerged among the Celtic Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, Llywelyn ap Gruffudds death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of Englands conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism, Welsh national feeling grew over the century, Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962.
Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff and Newport, and in the nearby valleys. Now that the countrys traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales economy depends on the sector and service industries. Wales 2010 gross value added was £45.5 billion, over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the land of song, Rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness. The Old English-speaking Anglo-Saxons came to use the term Wælisc when referring to the Celtic Britons in particular, the modern names for some Continental European lands and peoples have a similar etymology. The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, and Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales and these words are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning fellow-countrymen.
The use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the location in the post-Roman Era of the Welsh people in modern Wales as well as in northern England and southern Scotland. It emphasised that the Welsh in modern Wales and in the Hen Ogledd were one people, in particular, the term was not applied to the Cornish or the Breton peoples, who are of similar heritage and language to the Welsh. The word came into use as a self-description probably before the 7th century and it is attested in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan c. 633. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh, until c.1560 the word was spelt Kymry or Cymry, regardless of whether it referred to the people or their homeland. The Latinised forms of names, Cambrian and Cambria, survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales, Welsh
England national rugby league team
The England national rugby league team represent England in international rugby league football tournaments. The team has now seen a revival, having formed from the Great Britain team. The team is run under the auspices of the Rugby Football League, as of 2008, the team now participates in all World Cups, Four Nations and test matches. The team dates back to 1904 when they played against a mixture of Welsh and Scottish players in Wigan, since then, and until the 1950s, they regularly toured Australia and New Zealand and played both home and away matches against neighbours Wales and France. But when it was decided that Great Britain would tour the Southern Hemisphere instead of England, even though, there are some long periods where England barely played any matches. Their first appearance in the Rugby League World Cup was in 1975, and since they have become runners-up in 1975 and 1995, in 2008, they competed in the 2008 World Cup in Australia. For many years England competed in the European Nations Cup and in 2006, in the past Englands main rivals have been Wales and France, with the rivalry stretching back to 1908 and 1934 respectively.
However, Englands main rivals would now be Australia, New Zealand and, to a lesser extent, traditionally a predominantly white kit is worn including white shorts and socks. However the jersey usually features some form of red, like red stripes, crosses or chevrons and these colours are similar to other English sporting teams and are the colours used on the national flag. In 2008 a new kit was introduced featuring a red cross on the front and red strips down the sides of the jersey and socks were white too with red strips. Also in 2008, the Rugby Football League chose to abandon the traditional English lion on the badge in favour of a simpler shield. Currently the team is ranked third in the world, behind Australia, wayne Bennett is the head coach and Sam Burgess is the current captain. In 1895 twenty-one clubs split with the Rugby Football Union, citing that they wanted to play professionally, the twenty-one clubs were all from Northern England and the players were largely working class. However it was not just English players who made the switch and Welsh players switched allegiance to the new code, switching heightened in the early 20th century with more Scottish and Welsh players leaving the RFU than ever before.
At the start of 1903 season the Northern Union thought about international matches, on that day though, the ground was frosty and the match was cancelled and it was rescheduled for April. On 5 April 1904 England competed against a team called Other Nationalities and it was a period of experimentation for the Northern Union and each team had twelve players, not thirteen. At Central Park, Wigan the ground was muddy and in poor condition, England steamed into a 3–0 lead, from a try by Warringtons Jackie Fish. This is despite Salfords James Lomas arriving late and causing England to start the match with eleven players, Fish missed the conversion and so the Other Nationalities were able to level the scores a little later, Welshman Thomas crashing over for a try