The Gaelic revival was the late-nineteenth-century national revival of interest in the Irish language and Irish Gaelic culture. Irish had diminished as a spoken tongue, remaining the main daily language only in isolated rural areas, with English having become the dominant language in the majority of Ireland. Interest in Gaelic culture was evident in the beginning of the nineteenth century with the formation of the Ulster Gaelic Society in 1830, in the scholarly works of John O'Donovan and Eugene O'Curry, the foundation of the Ossianic Society. Concern for spoken Irish led to the formation of the Society for the Preservation of the Irish Language in 1876, the Gaelic Union in 1880; the latter produced the Gaelic Journal. Irish sports were fostered by the Gaelic Athletics Association, founded in 1884; the Gaelic League was established in 1893 by Eoin MacNeill and other enthusiasts of Gaelic language and culture. Its first president was Douglas Hyde; the objective of the League was to encourage the use of Irish in everyday life in order to counter the ongoing anglicisation of the country.
It organised weekly gatherings to discuss Irish culture, hosted conversation meetings and periodically published a newspaper named An Claidheamh Soluis, campaigned to have Irish included in the school curriculum. The League grew having more than 400 branches within four years of its foundation, it had fraught relationships with other cultural movements of the time, such as the Pan-Celtic movement and the Irish Literary Revival. Important writers of the Gaelic revival include Peadar Ua Laoghaire, Patrick Pearse and Pádraic Ó Conaire. Early pioneers of Irish scholarship were Eugene O'Curry and George Petrie. From 1853, translations of Irish literary works mythological works of the Ossianic Cycle—associated with the Fianna—were published by the Ossianic Society, in which Standish Hayes O'Grady was active; the Society for the Preservation of the Irish Language was formed in 1877 by, among others, George Sigerson and Thomas O'Neill Russell. The secretary of that society, Father John Nolan, split with it in 1880 and formed the Gaelic Union, of which the president was The O'Conor Don, whose members included Douglas Hyde and Michael Cusack.
Cusack's interest in Gaelic culture was not restricted to the language. In 1882 the Gaelic Union began publication of the Gaelic Journal, its first editor was David Comyn. In November 1892 Douglas Hyde gave a lecture to the National Literary Society entitled "The Necessity for De-Anglicising Ireland." He said that the Irish people had become completely anglicised, that this could only be reversed through building up the language. Eoin MacNeill followed this up with an article in the Gaelic Journal, "A Plea and a Plan for the Extension of the Movement to Preserve and Spread the Gaelic language in Ireland", set about forming an organisation to help bring this about, together with Eugene O'Growney and J. H. Lloyd; the Gaelic League was founded on 31 July 1893. Hyde was elected president, MacNeill secretary, Lloyd treasurer, Thomas O'Neill Russell was among those elected to the council; the Gaelic League held weekly meetings. Its focus on the vernacular form of language and modern literature distinguished it from the Society for the Preservation of the Irish Language, The Celtic Society and the Gaelic Union.
Within months it had branches in Galway. After four years it had 43 branches, after ten years more than 400. Although it was more concerned with fostering the language in the home than with teaching it in schools, it was nonetheless successful in having Irish added to the curriculum; the League took over the Gaelic Journal in 1894, when O'Growney retired as editor, with MacNeill replacing him. In January 1898 it began publication of Fáinne an Lae. In March of the following year, following a dispute with the owner, this was replaced by An Claidheamh Soluis, with MacNeill again as editor. In 1901 MacNeill was replaced as editor by Eoghan Ó Neachtain, in turn replaced in 1903 by Patrick Pearse; the League concerned itself with the folk music of Ireland, was involved in the movement which led to the organisation of the Feis Ceoil by Annie Patterson in 1897. The League's relations with contemporary cultural movements were strained, sometimes hostile, despite the fact that some of the League's leaders were on friendly terms with those movements.
Pan-Celticism was viewed with suspicion by many members because its leaders in Ireland Lord Castletown, were associated with the Irish establishment. When Douglas Hyde was invited to the planned Pan-Celtic Congress of 1900—to be held in Dublin—as a delegate of the League, the Coiste Gnótha refused to send any representative, though Hyde might attend as an individual if he wished. Hyde reluctantly declined to attend; the Irish Literary Revival was denounced because its works were written in English, not Irish, therefore tended more towards anglicisation. Eoin MacNeill wrote, "Let them wri
Rugby union known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts at each end. Rugby union is a popular sport around the world, played by male and female players of all ages. In 2014, there were more than 6 million people playing worldwide, of whom 2.36 million were registered players. World Rugby called the International Rugby Football Board and the International Rugby Board, has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886, has 101 countries as full members and 18 associate members. In 1845, the first football laws were written by Rugby School pupils. An amateur sport, in 1995 restrictions on payments to players were removed, making the game professional at the highest level for the first time.
Rugby union spread from the Home Nations of Great Britain and Ireland and was absorbed by many of the countries associated with the British Empire. Early exponents of the sport included New Zealand, South Africa and France. Countries that have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport include Fiji, Madagascar, New Zealand and Tonga. International matches have taken place since 1871 when the first game took place between Scotland and England at Raeburn Place in Edinburgh; the Rugby World Cup, first held in 1987, takes place every four years. The Six Nations Championship in Europe and The Rugby Championship in the Southern Hemisphere are other major international competitions, held annually. National club or provincial competitions include the Premiership in England, the Top 14 in France, the Mitre 10 Cup in New Zealand, the National Rugby Championship in Australia, the Currie Cup in South Africa. Other transnational club competitions include the Pro14 in Europe and South Africa, the European Rugby Champions Cup in Europe, Super Rugby, in the Southern Hemisphere and Japan.
The origin of rugby football is reputed to be an incident during a game of English school football at Rugby School in 1823, when William Webb Ellis is said to have picked up the ball and run with it. Although the evidence for the story is doubtful, it was immortalised at the school with a plaque unveiled in 1895. Despite the doubtful evidence, the Rugby World Cup trophy is named after Webb Ellis. Rugby football stems from the form of game played at Rugby School, which former pupils introduced to their university. Old Rugbeian Albert Pell, a student at Cambridge, is credited with having formed the first "football" team. During this early period different schools used different rules, with former pupils from Rugby and Eton attempting to carry their preferred rules through to their universities. A significant event in the early development of rugby football was the production of the first written laws of the game at Rugby School in 1845, followed by the Cambridge Rules drawn up in 1848. Other important events include the Blackheath Club's decision to leave the Football Association in 1863 and the formation of the Rugby Football Union in 1871.
The code was known as "rugby football". Despite the sport's full name of rugby union, it is known as rugby throughout most of the world; the first rugby football international was played on 27 March 1871 between Scotland and England in Edinburgh. Scotland won the game 1-0. By 1881 both Ireland and Wales had representative teams, in 1883 the first international competition, the Home Nations Championship had begun. 1883 is the year of the first rugby sevens tournament, the Melrose Sevens, still held annually. Two important overseas tours took place in 1888: a British Isles team visited Australia and New Zealand—although a private venture, it laid the foundations for future British and Irish Lions tours. During the early history of rugby union, a time before commercial air travel, teams from different continents met; the first two notable tours both took place in 1888—the British Isles team touring New Zealand and Australia, followed by the New Zealand team touring Europe. Traditionally the most prestigious tours were the Southern Hemisphere countries of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa making a tour of a Northern Hemisphere, the return tours made by a joint British and Irish team.
Tours would last for months, due to the number of games undertaken. Touring international sides would play Test matches against international opponents, including national and county sides in the case of Northern Hemisphere rugby, or provincial/state sides in the case of Southern Hemisphere rugby. Between 1905 and 1908, all three major Southern Hemisphere rugby countries sent their first touring teams to the Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand in 1905, followed by South Africa in 1906 and Australia in 1908. All three teams brought new styles of play, fitness levels and tactics, were far more successful than critics had expected; the New Zealand 1905 touri
Police Service of Northern Ireland
The Police Service of Northern Ireland. It is the successor to the Royal Ulster Constabulary after it was reformed and renamed in 2001 on the recommendation of the Patten Report. Although the majority of PSNI officers are Ulster Protestants, this dominance is not as pronounced as it was in the RUC because of positive action policies; the RUC was an armed police force and played a key role in policing the violent conflict known as the Troubles. As part of the Good Friday Agreement, there was an agreement to introduce a new police service based on the body of constables of the RUC; as part of the reform, an Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland was set up, the RUC was replaced by the PSNI on 4 November 2001. The Police Act 2000 named the new police service as the Police Service of Northern Ireland. All major political parties in Northern Ireland now support the PSNI. At first, Sinn Féin, which represented about a quarter of Northern Ireland voters at the time, refused to endorse the PSNI until the Patten Commission's recommendations were implemented in full.
However, as part of the St Andrews Agreement, Sinn Féin announced its full acceptance of the PSNI in January 2007. In comparison with the other 44 territorial police forces of the United Kingdom, the PSNI is the third largest in terms of officer numbers and the second largest in terms of geographic area of responsibility, after Police Scotland; the PSNI is about half the size of Ireland's Garda Síochána in terms of officer numbers. The senior officer in charge of the PSNI is its Chief Constable; the Chief Constable is appointed by the Northern Ireland Policing Board, subject to the approval of the Minister of Justice for Northern Ireland. The Chief Constable of Northern Ireland is the third-highest paid police officer in the UK; each district is headed by a Chief Superintendent. Districts are divided into areas, commanded by a Chief Inspector. In recent years, under new structural reforms, some Chief Inspectors command more than one area as the PSNI strives to make savings. In 2001 the old police divisions and sub-divisions were replaced with 29 District Command Units, broadly coterminous with local council areas.
In 2007 the DCUs were replaced by eight districts in anticipation of local government restructuring under the Review of Public Administration. Responsibility for policing and justice was devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly on 9 March 2010, although direction and control of the PSNI remains under the Chief Constable. In addition to the PSNI, there are other agencies which have responsibility for specific parts of Northern Ireland's transport infrastructure: Belfast Harbour Police Belfast International Airport Constabulary Larne Harbour Police PSNI officers have full powers of a Constable throughout Northern Ireland and the adjacent United Kingdom waters. Other than in mutual aid circumstances they have more limited powers of a Constable in the other two legal jurisdictions of the United Kingdom—England and Wales, Scotland. Police staff, although non-warranted members of the Service, contribute to both back office, operational support and front line services, sometimes operating alongside warranted colleagues.
The Patten Report recommended that a programme of long-term personnel exchanges should be established between the PSNI and the Garda Síochána, the national police force of the Republic of Ireland. This recommendation was enacted in 2002 by an Inter-Governmental Agreement on Policing Cooperation, which set the basis for the exchange of officers between the two services. There are three levels of exchanges: Personnel exchanges, for all ranks, without policing powers and for a term up to one year Secondments: for ranks Sergeant to Chief Superintendent, with policing powers, for up to three years Lateral entry by the permanent transfer of officers for ranks above Inspector and under Assistant CommissionerThe protocols for these movements of personnel were signed by both the Chief Constable of the PSNI and the Commissioner of An Garda Síochána on 21 February 2005; the PSNI has an education organisation named'B safe', created by Dympna Thornton in 2006. The PSNI is supervised by the Northern Ireland Policing Board.
The Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland deals with any complaints regarding the PSNI, investigates any allegations of misconduct by police officers. Police staff do not fall under the Ombudsman's jurisdiction; the current Police Ombudsman is former Oversight Commissioner Dr Michael Maguire, who took over from Al Hutchinson in July 2012. The Oversight Commissioner was appointed to ensure that the Patten recommendations were implemented'comprehensively and faithfully', attempted to assure the community that all aspects of the report were being implemented and being seen to be implemented; the Oversight role ended on 31 May 2007, with the final report indicating that of Patten's 175 recommendations, 140 had been completed with a further 16 "substantially completed". The PSNI is internally regulated by its Professional Standards Department,who can direct local "professional standards champions" to investigate minor matters, while a "misconduct panel" will consider more serious misconduct issues.
Outcomes from misconduct hearings include dismissal, a requirement to resign, reduction in rank, monetary fines and cautions. The
Irish revolutionary period
The revolutionary period in Irish history was the period in the 1910s and early 1920s when Irish nationalist opinion shifted from the Home Rule-supporting Irish Parliamentary Party to the republican Sinn Féin movement. There were several waves of civil unrest linked to Ulster loyalism, trade unionism, physical force republicanism, leading to the War of Independence, the creation of the independent Irish Free State, the Partition of Ireland and the Civil War; some modern historians define the revolutionary period as the period from 1912 or 1913 to 1923, i.e. from the introduction of the Third Home Rule Bill to the end of the Civil War, or sometimes more narrowly as the period from 1916 to 1921 or 1923, i.e. from the Easter Rising to the end of the War of Independence or the Civil War. The early years of the Free State, when it was governed by the pro-Treaty party Cumann na nGaedheal, have been described by at least one historian as a counter-revolution. Home Rule seemed certain when in 1910 the Irish Parliamentary Party under John Redmond held the balance of power in the British House of Commons and the third Home Rule Bill was introduced in 1912.
Unionist resistance was immediate, with the formation of the Ulster Volunteers. In turn, the Irish Volunteers were established in 1913 to oppose them and prevent the UVF introduction of self-government in Ulster; the Dublin lock-out in the same year led to creation of the Irish Citizen Army. In September 1914, just as the First World War broke out, the UK Parliament passed the Third Home Rule Act to establish self-government for Ireland, but the act was suspended for the duration of the war. Irish nationalist leaders and the IPP under Redmond supported Ireland's participation in the British war effort, in the belief that it would ensure implementation of Home Rule after the war. A core of leaders within the Irish Volunteers' were against this decision, but the majority of the men left to form the National Volunteers, some of whom enlisted in Irish regiments of the New British Army, the 10th and 16th Divisions, the counterparts of the unionist 36th Division. Before the war ended, Britain made two concerted efforts to implement Home Rule, one in May 1916 and again with the Irish Convention during 1917–1918, but nationalists and unionists were unable to agree to terms for the temporary or permanent exclusion of Ulster from its provisions.
The period 1916–1921 was marked by political violence and upheaval, ending in the partition of Ireland and independence for 26 of its 32 counties. A failed militant attempt by the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army was made to gain independence for Ireland with the 1916 Easter Rising, an insurrection in Dublin. Although support for the insurgents was small, the execution of fifteen people by firing squad, the imprisonment or internment of hundreds more, the imposition of martial law caused a profound shift in public opinion towards the republican cause in Ireland. In addition, the unprecedented threat of Irishmen being conscripted to the British Army in 1918 accelerated this change.. In the December 1918 elections, Sinn Féin, the party of the rebels, won three quarters of all seats in Ireland. Twenty-seven of these MPs assembled in Dublin on 21 January 1919 to form a 32-county Irish Republic parliament; the First Dáil Éireann unilaterally declared sovereignty over the island of Ireland.
Unwilling to negotiate any understanding with Britain short of complete independence, the Irish Republican Army, the army of the newly declared Irish Republic, waged a guerilla war from 1919 to 1921. In the course of the fighting and amid much acrimony, the Fourth Government of Ireland Act 1920 implemented Home Rule while separating the island into what the British government's Act termed "Northern Ireland" and "Southern Ireland". In July 1921 the Irish and British governments agreed to a truce. In December 1921 representatives of both governments signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty; the Irish delegation was led by Michael Collins. This created the Irish Free State, a self-governing Dominion of the Commonwealth of Nations in the manner of Canada and Australia. Under the Treaty, Northern Ireland could opt out of the Free State and stay within the United Kingdom: it promptly did so. In 1922, both parliaments ratified the Treaty, formalising dominion status for the 26-county Irish Free State. For most of the 20th century, each territory aligned to either Catholic or Protestant ideologies, although this was more marked in the six counties of Northern Ireland.
1911 Parliament Act 1911 restricts House of Lords' power to veto Home Rule 1912 Third Home Rule Bill introduced at Westminster.
A common definition of separatism is that it is the advocacy of a state of cultural, tribal, racial, governmental or gender separation from the larger group. While it refers to full political secession, separatist groups may seek nothing more than greater autonomy. While some critics may equate separatism with religious segregation, racist segregation, or sexist segregation, most separatists argue that separation by choice may serve useful purposes and is not the same as government-enforced segregation. There is some academic debate about this definition, in particular how it relates to secessionism, as has been discussed online. Separatist groups practice a form of identity politics, or political activity and theorizing founded in the shared experiences of injustice visited upon members of certain social groups; such groups believe attempts at integration with dominant groups compromise their identity and ability to pursue greater self-determination. However and political factors are critical in creating strong separatist movements as opposed to less ambitious identity movements.
Groups may have one or more motivations for separation, including: Emotional resentment and hatred of rival communities. Protection from genocide and ethnic cleansing. Resistance by victims of oppression, including denigration of their language, culture or religion. Influence and propaganda by those inside and outside the region who hope to gain politically from intergroup conflict and hatred. Economic and political dominance of one group that does not share power and privilege in an egalitarian fashion. Economic motivations: seeking to end economic exploitation by more powerful group or, conversely, to escape economic redistribution from a richer to a poorer group. Preservation of threatened religious, language or other cultural tradition. Destabilization from one separatist movement giving rise to others. Geopolitical power vacuum from breakup of larger states or empires. Continuing fragmentation as more and more states break up. Feeling that the perceived nation was added to the larger state by illegitimate means.
The perception that the state can no longer support one has betrayed their interests. Opposition to political decisions. How far separatist demands will go toward full independence, whether groups pursue constitutional and nonviolent or armed violence, depend on a variety of economic, political and cultural factors, including movement leadership and the government's response. Governments may respond in a number of ways; some include: accede to separatist demands improve the circumstances of disadvantaged minorities, be they religious, territorial, economic or political adopt "asymmetric federalism" where different states have different relations to the central government depending on separatist demands or considerations Allow minorities to win in political disputes about which they feel through parliamentary voting, etc. Settle for a confederation or a commonwealth relationship where there are only limited ties among states; some governments suppress any separatist movement in their own country, but support separatism in other countries.
Ethnic separatism is based more on cultural and linguistic differences than religious or racial differences, which may exist. Ethnic separatist movements include the following: Eurasia The Soviet Union's dissolution into its original ethnic groupings which formed their own nations of Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Russia, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Chechen separatism in the Caucasus the Republic of Chechnya is part of the Russian Federation. Serb separatism in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo. Albanian separatism in Kosovo, North Macedonia, Serbia Greeks separatism in Northern Epirus region of Albania. Turkish separatism in Cyprus. South Ossetian and Abkhazian separatism in Georgia. Armenian separatists of Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan. Azeri separatists in Iran want to unite the provinces of East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan and Ardabil with Azerbaijan. Kurdish separatism in Turkey, Syria and Iran. Sorbs separatism in Germany. Silesian separatism in Czech Republic. Basque and Catalan separatism in Spain.
Minor separatist movements in Andalusia, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Galicia, León, Navarre and Valencia. "Celtic nations" in the British Isles have created various separatist movements from the United Kingdom described as Scottish independence, Welsh Nationalism, Irish Republicanism and Cornish Nationalism. France's Basque, Corsican, Breton and Savoyan separatists. Italy's separatist movements in Friuli, Sicily, South Tyrol and Veneto. Bavarian separatism in Germany, despite the Bavarian Land being referred to as the Bavarian Free State. Belgium granting Dutch-speaking Flanders and French-speaking Wallonia greater autonomy. In the Netherlands, some Frisians covet an autonomous area. Switzerland's division into cantons along geographical and linguistic lines. Russian separatism in Crimea Separatist movements of Pakistan including Balochistan movement and the Sindhudesh movement. Separatist movements of India Jammu and Kashmir Assam separatist movements Insurgency in Northeast India Sri Lanka's ethnic Tamil minority separatism in Tamil Eelam.
Several ethnic minority groups fighting for separate states in Myanmar, including the Chin, Karen, Rohingya
Gaelic games are sports played in Ireland under the auspices of the Gaelic Athletic Association. Gaelic football and hurling are the two main games. Other games organised by the GAA rounders. Women's versions of hurling and football are played: camogie, organised by the Camogie Association of Ireland, ladies' Gaelic football, organised by the Ladies' Gaelic Football Association. While women's versions are not organised by the GAA, they are associated with it. A million people attended 45 GAA senior championships games in 2017 combined with attendances at other championship and league games generating Gate receipts of €34,391,635. Gaelic football is played by teams of 15 on a rectangular grass pitch with H-shaped goals at each end; the primary object is to score by driving the ball through the goals, known as a goal, or by kicking the ball over the bar, known as a point. The team with the highest point score at the end of the match wins; the female version of the game is known as ladies' Gaelic football and is similar to the men's game with a few minor rule changes.
Other formats with teams of 7 to 11 players are played in Europe, Middle East, Asia and South Africa utilising smaller soccer or rugby pitches. Hurling is a stick and ball game played by teams of 15 on a rectangular grass pitch with H-shaped goals at each end; the primary object is to score by driving the ball through the goals or putting the ball over the bar and thereby scoring a point. Three points is the equivalent of a goal; the team with the highest score at the end of the match wins. It is over three thousand years old, is said to be the world's fastest field game, combining skills from lacrosse, field hockey, baseball in a hard-hitting skilled game; the female version of the game is known as camogie and is similar to hurling with a few minor rule changes. Other formats with teams of 7 to 11 players are played in Europe, Middle East, Asia and South Africa utilising smaller soccer or rugby pitches. Gaelic handball is a game; the game is similar to American handball. There are three codes of handball: 40x20 and One Wall.
One Wall handball is the most popular international version of handball with it being played in over 30 countries. It is hoped by GAA Handball; the sport of handball is governed by GAA Handball in Ireland. Rounders is a bat and ball game, played in Ireland. Rounders is organised by a subdivision of the GAA known as the Rounders Council of Ireland, it is similar to softball. Other Gaelic games such as Gaelic athletics have nearly or died out; when founded the GAA organised a number of Gaelic athletics competitions but passed the responsibility to the National Athletic and Cycling Association in 1922. Tailteann Games with Gaelic athletics were held until 1932. GAA Derek Brady Trophy Official website of the Gaelic Athletic Association
Citywest is a suburb on the southwestern periphery of Dublin. Developed as a Business Campus by Davy Hickey Properties, it contains a hotel and golf course, shopping centre and an expanding residential area north and northwest of Saggart in County Dublin, Ireland; the nearest major suburban centres are Saggart. The River Camac passes north of the business campus, two of its tributaries pass through it. Following the opening of the original business park, the N82 National road joining the N81 to the Naas dual carriageway was re-routed through the site, having passed through the village of Saggart. Dublin Bus routes 65b, 69, 69x, 77a, 77x, the 175 by Go-Ahead Ireland, as well as feeder services to Tallaght, a private commuter bus operated by the business campus management, serve the campus; the Luas Line A1 Citywest extension, from Belgard to Saggart, was opened at Citywest Drive on 2 July 2011 by the Minister for Transport Leo Varadkar. The following stops were constructed on the line - Fettercairn, Citywest Campus and Saggart.
Citywest Campus is the main stop for the campus, but parts are served by Cheeverstown and Fortunestown stops. A park-and-ride facility was constructed at the Cheeverstown stop. A golf complex the Citywest and Hibernian Golf Club and now Citywest Golf Resort, was laid-out, the Citywest Hotel, the largest in Ireland, with over 764 rooms, was built adjacent; the hotel, golf resort and related developments were placed in receivership in mid-2010 but are still open. There are two 18-hole courses in the golf resort - both designed by Christy O'Connor Junior - and it hosted the Irish Masters in 1994 and the Irish Ladies Masters in 1996; the hotel has a 4,000 seat convention centre. The Citywest Shopping Centre, anchored by Dunnes Stores has outlets for McCabes Pharmacy, Costa Coffee, McDonald's, Domino's, Baked Patisserie & Cafe and Eddie Rockets. There are a service station and restaurants. Citywest hosts a Dublin City University branch facility, the'Ryan Academy'. Three National Schools, one under the patronage of Educate Together and another under the patronage of the ETB, opened their doors in 2012.
The schools, Citywest Educate Together National School and Citywest & Saggart Community National School, are based at a temporary location in a building next to the Saggart Red Line Luas stop, in 2014 Scoil Aoife Community National School opened on Citywest Drive. Citywest lies within the jurisdiction of South Dublin County Council. Official site of the Business Campus Citywest Hotel Citywest Shopping Centre Website