The Pogues were a British Celtic punk band fronted by Shane MacGowan and founded in Kings Cross, London in 1982, as "Pogue Mahone" — the anglicisation of the Irish Gaelic póg mo thóin, meaning "kiss my arse". The band reached international prominence in the 1980s and early 1990s, recording several hit albums and singles. MacGowan left the band in 1991 due to drinking problems, but the band continued - first with Joe Strummer and with Spider Stacy on vocals - before breaking up in 1996; the Pogues re-formed in late 2001, played across the UK and Ireland and on the US East Coast, until dissolving again in 2014. The group did not record any new material during this second incarnation, their politically-tinged music was informed by MacGowan and Stacy's punk backgrounds, yet used traditional Irish instruments such as the tin whistle, cittern and accordion. The future members of The Pogues first met when MacGowan, Peter "Spider" Stacy, Jem Finer were together in an occasional band called The Millwall Chainsaws in the late 1970s after MacGowan and Stacy met in the toilets at a Ramones gig at The Roundhouse in 1977.
MacGowan was with The Nips, though when they broke up in 1980 he concentrated a bit more on Stacy's Millwall Chainsaws, who changed their name to The New Republicans. In 1982, James Fearnley, a guitarist with The Nips, joined MacGowan and Finer, forming the band known as Pogue Mahone; the new group played their first gig at The Pindar of Wakefield on 4 October 1982. They appeared at Gossips in Dean Street Soho on Thursday 3 November 1983 with Trash Trash Trash and The Stingrays, they added Cait O'Riordan and Andrew Ranken. The band played London pubs and clubs, released a single, "Dark Streets of London", on their own, self-named label, gaining a small reputation—especially for their live performances, they came to the attention of the media and Stiff Records when they opened for The Clash on their 1984 tour. Shortening their name to "The Pogues" they released their first album Red Roses for Me on Stiff Records that October; the band gained more attention when the UK Channel 4's influential music show The Tube made a video of their version of "Waxie's Dargle" for the show.
The performance, featuring Spider Stacy smashing himself over the head with a beer tray, became a favourite with the viewers, but Stiff Records refused to release it as a single, feeling it was too late for it to help Red Roses for Me. It remained a favourite request for the show for many years. With the aid of producer Elvis Costello, they recorded the follow-up, Rum Sodomy & the Lash, in 1985 during which time guitarist Philip Chevron joined; the album title is a famous comment falsely attributed to Winston Churchill, describing the "true" traditions of the British Royal Navy. The album cover featured The Raft of the Medusa, with the faces of the characters in Théodore Géricault's painting replaced with those of the band members; the album shows the band moving away from covers to original material. Shane MacGowan came into his own as a songwriter with this disc, offering up poetic story-telling, such as "The Sick Bed of Cúchulainn" and "The Old Main Drag", as well as definitive interpretations of Ewan MacColl's "Dirty Old Town" and Eric Bogle's "And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda".
The band failed to take advantage of the momentum created by the strong artistic and commercial success of their second album. They first refused to record another album. Looming over the band at this period was the erratic behaviour of their vocalist and principal songwriter, Shane MacGowan, their record label, Stiff Records, went bankrupt soon after the 1987 release of the single "The Irish Rover". Members of the band, including O'Riordan, acted in Alex Cox's Straight to Hell, five songs by the band were included on the film's soundtrack album; the band remained stable enough to record If I Should Fall from Grace with God with its Christmas hit duet with Kirsty MacColl "Fairytale of New York". "Fairytale of New York" was released as a single in 1987 and reached No. 1 in the Irish charts and No. 2 in the British charts over Christmas. The song has become a festive classic in the UK and Ireland over the years, was voted the best Christmas song of all time three years running in 2004, 2005, 2006 in polls by music channel VH1 UK, despite not achieving Christmas Number One when it was released.
It was voted as the 27th greatest song never to reach UK#1 in another VH1 poll, voted as the 84th greatest song of all time by BBC Radio 2 listeners in the "Sold on Song" top 100 poll. In 2007 the record was censored by the BBC because of the word "faggot" being deemed offensive to gay people. Following protests from listeners, including the mother of Kirsty MacColl, the censorship was lifted; the band was at the peak of its commercial success, with both albums making the top 5 in the UK, but MacGowan was unreliable. He failed to turn up for the opening dates of their 1988 tour of America, prevented the band from promoting their 1990 album Hell's Ditch, so in 1991 the band sacked him. Vocal duties were for a time handled by Joe S
Fairytale of New York
"Fairytale of New York" is a song written by Jem Finer and Shane MacGowan and recorded by their band the Pogues, featuring singer-songwriter Kirsty MacColl on vocals. The song is an Irish folk-style ballad and was written as a duet, with the Pogues' singer MacGowan taking the role of the male character and MacColl the female character, it was released as a single on 23 November 1987 and featured on the Pogues' 1988 album If I Should Fall from Grace with God. Begun in 1985, the song had a troubled two-year development history, undergoing rewrites and aborted attempts at recording, losing its original female vocalist along the way, before being completed in August 1987. Although the single never reached the coveted UK Christmas number one, being kept at number two on its original release in 1987 by the Pet Shop Boys' cover version of "Always on My Mind", it has proved enduringly popular with both music critics and the public: to date the song has reached the UK Top 20 on fifteen separate occasions since its original release in 1987, including every year since 2005, was certified double platinum in the UK in 2016.
As of September 2017 the song has sold 1,217,112 copies in the UK, with an additional 249,626 streaming equivalent sales, for a total of 1,466,737 combined sales. In the UK, it is the most-played Christmas song of the 21st century. "Fairytale of New York" has been cited as the best Christmas song of all time in various television and magazine related polls in the UK and Ireland. Although there is agreement among the band that "Fairytale of New York" was first written in 1985, the origins of the song are disputed. MacGowan insisted that it arose as a result of a wager made by the Pogues' producer at the time, Elvis Costello, that the band would not be able to write a Christmas hit single, while the Pogues' manager Frank Murray has stated that it was his idea that the band should try and write a Christmas song as he thought it would be "interesting". Banjo player Finer came up with the melody and the original concept for the song, which involved a sailor in New York looking out over the ocean and reminiscing about being back home in Ireland.
Finer's wife Marcia did not like the original story, suggested new lyrics regarding a conversation between a couple at Christmas. Finer told NME, "I had written two songs complete with tunes, one had a good tune and crap lyrics, the other had the idea for'Fairytale' but the tune was poxy, I gave them both to Shane and he gave it a Broadway melody, there it was"; the song's title, the musical structure and its lyrical theme of a couple's conversation were in place by the end of 1985, were described by MacGowan in an interview with Melody Maker in its 1985 Christmas issue:"I sat down, opened the sherry, got the peanuts out and pretended it was Christmas. It's called'A Fairy Tale of New York', it's quite sloppy, more like'A Pair of Brown Eyes' than'Sally MacLennane', but there's a céilidh bit in the middle which you can dance to. Like a country and Irish ballad, but one you can do a brisk waltz to when you've got about three of these inside you... But the song itself is quite depressing in the end, it's about these old Irish-American Broadway stars who are sitting round at Christmas talking about whether things are going okay."
MacGowan had decided to name the song after J. P. Donleavy's 1973 novel A Fairy Tale of New York, which Finer was reading at the time and had left lying around the recording studio. In the same Melody Maker interview MacGowan expressed regret that the song had not been completed in time to be released for Christmas that year, hinted that the track would appear on an EP that the Pogues were due to record shortly. In January 1986 the group recorded the song during the sessions with Costello that would produce the Poguetry in Motion EP, with bass player Cait O'Riordan singing the female part. Costello suggested naming the song "Christmas Eve in the Drunk Tank", after the song's opening lines, but the band were scornful of Costello's suggestion, with MacGowan pointing out to Costello that a song with such a title was unlikely to be favourably received and played by radio stations; the majority of the lyrics had been written while MacGowan was recovering in a bed in Malmö after being struck down with double pneumonia during a Pogues tour of Scandinavia in late 1985 – he said, "you get a lot of delirium and stuff, so I got quite a few good images out of that".
However, despite several attempts at recording it, the group were unhappy with the results and the song was temporarily put aside, to be returned to at a date. Guitarist Philip Chevron said, "It was not quite there, it needed to have a full-on, confident performance from the band, which it lacked." The producer of the final version, Steve Lillywhite, diplomatically described the version recorded with O'Riordan's vocals as not "fully realised". Extracts from these earlier versions of the song are included on the 2008 box set Just Look Them Straight in the Eye and Say... POGUEMAHONE!!. In March 1986 the Pogues toured the US for the first time; the opening date of the tour was in New York City, a place which had long fascinated MacGowan and which inspired him to write new lyrics for the song. Among the members of the city's Irish-American community who saw the show and visited the band backstage after the concert were film-maker Peter Dougherty and actor Matt Dillon: both would become friends with the Pogues and play important roles in the video for "Fairytale of New York".
Another inspiration was Sergio Leone's film Once Upon a Time in America, which MacGowan and whistle player Spider Stacy would watch over and over again in the tour bus. Apart from shaping the ideas for the lyrics, MacGowan wrote a slow, piano-based introduction t
Genesis Rodriguez is an American actress who began her career playing leading roles in the Telemundo telenovelas Prisionera, Dame Chocolate and Doña Bárbara. She played Sarah on Entourage and assistant museum curator/adventurer Jane Walker on Time After Time, has starred in the films Man on a Ledge, Casa de Mi Padre, What to Expect When You're Expecting, The Last Stand and Run All Night, she provided the voice for Honey Lemon in Big Hero 6, a role. Rodriguez was born July 1987 in Miami, Florida, her mother, Luisa Carolina Pérez Rodriguez "Carol", is a Cuban model. Her father, José Luis Rodríguez, is a Venezuelan actor and singer, known by the nickname "El Puma". Upon returning to Miami, she continued private instruction and obtained a recurring role on the American daytime series Days of Our Lives from November 2005 through January 2006, she was a repeat special guest on the Bravo TV series Top Chef. In addition to American television, Rodriguez explored Spanish language roles and played dual leads as Rosita Amado and Violeta Hurtado in the primetime series Dame Chocolate, which aired on Telemundo.
In 2012, Rodriguez had a substantial role as the love interest of Will Ferrell in the movie comedy Casa de Mi Padre, a spoof in the style of the Mexican soap operas of the 1970s. She followed that role with an appearance in The Last Stand in 2013, playing villainous FBI Agent Ellen Richards, as well as appearing in the comedy Identity Thief as Marisol. Rodriguez lent her voice to Honey Lemon in the 2014 film Big Hero 6. In February 2017 she appeared, in the main female role, in the music video for Romeo Santos' song Héroe Favorito. Genesis Rodriguez on IMDb Genesis Rodriguez on Twitter
Aubrey Omari Joseph is an American rapper and actor best known for his portrayal as Tyrone Johnson / Cloak in Freeform's Cloak & Dagger. Aubrey started acting on the stage, portraying Simba in the Broadway musical The Lion King, a role he alternated with Judah Bellamy. Aubrey has his first major, starring role after being cast in January 2017 as Tyrone Johnson / Cloak, one of the lead characters, in the Marvel's Cloak & Dagger television series; the show, set within the larger Marvel Cinematic Universe, is broadcast on Freeform network, is jointly produced by Freeform, ABC Studios, Marvel Television and is based on the Marvel Comics characters of the same name. Aubrey felt. "At the time that I got the audition, I was in the middle of trying to watch season one of Luke Cage, so it was crazy just how ironic everything was at that moment." Aubrey Joseph is the middle child of three boys. Aubrey Joseph on IMDb Aubrey Joseph on Instagram Aubrey Joseph on Twitter
Tom Holkenborg known by his stage name Junkie XL or JXL, is a Dutch composer, multi-instrumentalist, DJ, engineer. Known for his trance productions, he has moved to producing electronica and big beat music and film scores. Junkie XL is best known for his remix of Elvis Presley's "A Little Less Conversation", which became a worldwide hit in 2002. In film scores, he is best known for working with Hans Zimmer on Man of Steel and Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, as well as composing the scores for Deadpool and Mad Max: Fury Road. Holkenborg was born in Lichtenvoorde, Netherlands. Classically trained by his mother – herself an accredited music teacher – Holkenborg started playing piano when he was four years old, drums when he was eight, guitar at 12. Influenced by the psychedelic pop of Pink Floyd and King Crimson, he took up the bass by age 14. After taking a job at a local music store selling keyboards and other digital gear, he began to have an appreciation for the combination of electronic and organic sounds.
It was shortly after he discovered synthesizers that he joined the Dutch new wave ensemble Weekend at Waikiki as a multi-instrumentalist and producer, touring extensively with the band, including through parts of the former Soviet Union, from 1988 to 1991. He contributed to their final album, Sputnik. In 1993, Holkenborg produced Almost a Dance by Dutch metal band The Gathering, that year went on to form the industrial rock band Nerve with Phil Mills. After signing with label Play It Again Sam in 1992 and releasing two LPs – Cancer of Choice and Blood & Gold – he continued as a producer, working with hardcore punk and metal bands like Sepultura, Fear Factory, Dog Eat Dog, while licensing some of his instrumental electronic tracks for racing video games like The Need For Speed and Test Drive 5, it was during this time that he began scoring the Dutch feature film Siberia, which would be released by Warner Bros. Netherlands. In 1997, Holkenborg released his first album under the "Junkie XL" moniker.
Featuring singles such as "Billy Club", "Def Beat", "Dealing with the Roster", the album combined pounding breakbeat rhythms with elements of rock and psychedelia. Many of the album's songs featured lyrics and vocals by Patrick "Rude Boy" Tilon, vocalist for the Dutch rap rock band Urban Dance Squad. After a brief tour with The Prodigy and festival dates at Fuji Rock and Roskilde, Holkenborg made a name for himself in the upcoming U. S. rave scene. His second LP, Big Sounds of the Drags, was released in 1999, featured a number of collaborations with Tilon, including "Action Radius", "Power of Big Slacks", "Zerotonine", "Love Like a Razorblade", "Legion", "Next Plateau". "Future in Computer Hell", the last track on the album, was featured prominently on Welsh DJ and producer Sasha's mix album Global Underground 013: Ibiza. While making inroads as a film composer – contributing to movies like Blade and The Beach – Holkenborg was asked to remix Elvis Presley's 1968 single "A Little Less Conversation" for a 2002 Nike World Cup commercial, titled "Secret Tournament".
The occasion marked the first time Presley's estate had granted permission for any of the artist's material to be remixed. The song reached No. 1 in 24 countries, including the United Kingdom, Japan and Mexico, was released as a single under the name "Elvis vs. JXL"; the song was featured as the title song to the NBC TV series Las Vegas, in feature films like Shark Tale, Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief, MegaMind. The success of "A Little Less Conversation" set the stage for his 2003 double-disc album, Radio JXL: A Broadcast from the Computer Hell Cabin; the name "Computer Hell" referred to Holkenborg's Amsterdam headquarters. Loosely based around the concept of a dreamlike pirate radio station, the LP's 3PM side features collaborations with The Cure's Robert Smith, Depeche Mode's Dave Gahan, Peter Tosh, Chuck D from Public Enemy, Gary Numan, Solomon Burke, Saffron, along with the famed Elvis Presley remix; the 3AM side consists of progressive house instrumentals, including "Breezer", a collaboration with Sasha.
The album was to be launched with a functioning internet radio station at RadioJXL.com, to feature exclusive shows and mixes with top EDM producers and DJs, but the undertaking proved to be too expensive and time-consuming to continue. Subsequently, two downloadable albums were released from the site: 7AM Dance. Holkenborg decided to relocate to Los Angeles in 2003, in April 2006, released his fourth full-length album, Today, an album that reflected the personal and professional changes that were occurring in his life. Today features only one guest vocalist, Nathan Mader, reverts to the more guitar-based sound of his first two albums, his fifth album, Booming Back at You, saw Holkenborg cultivate a stronger club sound punctuated by tracks like "1967 Poem", featuring Steve Aoki. Many of the lyrics on the album were written in collaboration with Electrocute's Nicole Morier, who appears in "Mad Pursuit", "Not Enough", "New Toy"; the album was released on Artwerk Music, a joint venture between Nettwerk Music and video game company Electronic Arts, peaked at 11 on Billboard's Top Electronic Album chart.
It was the first Junkie XL full-length to chart in the U. S. and featured the hit single, "More", with Lauren Rocket. Rocket contributed vocals to the Siouxsie and the Banshees' cover "Cities in Dust". On 27 November 2012 Junkie XL released his sixth full-length album, entitled Synthesized; the album was preceded by a single EP for "Molly's E", released o
Principal photography is the phase of film production in which the bulk of the movie is filmed, with actors on set and cameras rolling, as distinct from pre-production and post-production. Principal photography is the most expensive phase of film production, due to actor and set crew salaries, as well as the costs of certain shots, on-set special effects, its start marks a point of no return for the financiers, because until it is complete, there is unlikely to be enough material filmed to release a final product needed to recoup costs. While it is common for a film to lose its greenlight status during pre-production – for example, because an important cast member drops out or unexpectedly dies, or some kind of scandal engulfs the studio or an actor – it is uncommon for financing to be withdrawn once principal photography has begun. Feature films have insurance in place by the time principal photography begins; the death of a bankable star before completing all planned takes, or the loss of sets or footage can render a film impossible to complete as planned.
For example, sets are notoriously flammable. Furthermore, professional-quality movie cameras are rented as needed, most camera houses will not allow rentals of their equipment without proof of insurance. Once a film concludes principal photography, it is said to have wrapped, a wrap party may be organized to celebrate. During post-production, it may become clear that certain shots or sequences are missing or incomplete and are required to complete the film, or that a certain scene is not playing as expected, or as seen in the late stages of filming The Hate U Give, that a particular actor's performance or behavior has not turned out as desired, causing him or her to be replaced with another. In these circumstances, additional material may have to be shot. If the material has been shot once, or is substantial, the process is referred to as a re-shoot, but if the material is new and minor, it is referred to as a pick-up. Learning materials related to Filmmaking at Wikiversity Media related to Filmmaking at Wikimedia Commons
Lois Arlene Smith is an American character actress, whose career spans seven decades. She made her film debut in the 1955 drama film East of Eden, played supporting roles in a number of movies, include Five Easy Pieces, Fatal Attraction, Fried Green Tomatoes, How to Make an American Quilt, Dead Man Walking, Minority Report, The Nice Guys and Lady Bird. In 2017, at the age of 87, Smith received critical acclaim for her leading performance in the science-fiction drama film Marjorie Prime, for which she was nominated for an Independent Spirit Awards, Gotham Awards and Saturn Award, well as won Satellite Award. Smith has had many roles on television, both daytime and prime time, she was regular cast member in the HBO horror drama True Blood, well as received Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Guest Performer in a Drama Series nomination for The Americans. Smith is known for her extensive work in the theatre, receiving two Tony Award nominations for originating the role of Ma Joad in The Grapes of Wrath and for the role of Halie in a revival of Buried Child in 1996.
She starred in an acclaimed Off-Broadway revival of The Trip to Bountiful in 2005 for which she received an Obie Award for Best Actress, an Outer Critics Circle Award, a Lucille Lortel Award, a Drama Desk Award. Smith is an ensemble member of Steppenwolf Theatre Company in Chicago. Smith was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 2007 for her outstanding contributions to the theatre. In 2013, she was given a Lifetime Achievement Obie Award for excellence in Off-Broadway performances. In her career, she has taught and written for the stage. Smith was born Lois Arlene Humbert in Topeka, the youngest of six children of Carrie and William Humbert, who worked for a telephone company, her father died in 1950 at age 54. Her family included her two sisters and Marvelle, three brothers, William and Phillip, all of whom are now deceased, her father moved the family to Seattle when Lois was 11 years old, he was involved in the church. William would put on plays at church, she did not graduate. At age 18, she married Wesley Dale Smith.
The couple had Moon Elizabeth Smith. Around 1951, Smith and her husband decided to leave Seattle and moved to New York City to begin their professional careers. After she worked with Elia Kazan on East of Eden, he encouraged her to study with Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio, which she did, she was mentored in her early years in New York City by John Van Druten. Smith made her Broadway debut in 1952 at age 22 in the play Time Out for Ginger as Joan, with Nancy Malone as Ginger and Melvyn Douglas as their father, she followed this in 1955 with a play that starred Helen Hayes. In 1956, she performed with Helen Hayes in The Glass Menagerie. In 1955, she was given the lead role of Josephine Perry in Sally Benson's play The Young and Beautiful, which ran for 65 performances at the Longacre Theatre. In 1957, Smith originated the role of Carol Cutrere in Orpheus Descending by Tennessee Williams, which starred Maureen Stapleton. In 1958, she was directed by José Ferrer in Edwin Booth. In 1973, she returned to Broadway to appear in a revival of The Iceman Cometh by Eugene O'Neill.
In 1975, she performed the role of Gaby in the play Harry Outside by Corinne Jacker. She played the lead female role in the play Touching Bottoms by Steve Tesich in 1978. In 1979, she played the role of Denise in the play Hillbilly Women by Elizabeth Stearns at the Long Wharf Theatre. In 1987, she played Jessie Bliss in The Stick Wife by Darrah Cloud with the Hartford Stage Company. In 1988, Smith was cast with the Steppenwolf Theatre Company of Chicago as Ma Joad in the play The Grapes of Wrath, an adaptation of the 1939 Steinbeck novel. Smith originated the stage role, after going on tour, the production reached Broadway in 1990 and Smith earned a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play. In 1988, Smith originated the role of Mrs. Campbell in The Man Who Climbed the Pecan Trees by Horton Foote. In 1989, she performed in an Off-Broadway production of Measure for Measure by William Shakespeare in the role of Mistress Overdone. In 1995, Smith starred as Halie in a revival of Buried Child by Sam Shepard at the Steppenwolf Theatre Company which transferred to Broadway in 1996, for which she received her second nomination for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play.
In 1997, Smith played the role of Betty in Defying Gravity by Jane Anderson Off-Broadway. In 1998, she played the role of Kandall Kingsley in Impossible Marriage by Beth Henley. In 2001, she starred in the title role of Mother Courage and Her Children, in 2002 she starred in a revival of The Royal Family as Fanny Cavendish, both plays with the Steppenwolf Theatre Company. In 2005, Smith starred in an Off-Broadway production of The Trip to Bountiful as Carrie Watts with the Signature Theatre Company for which she received an Obie Award for Best Actress, an Outer Critics Circle Award, a Lucille Lortel Award, a Drama Desk Award. In 2010, she performed the role of Vera in After the Revolution by Amy Herzog for which she was nominated for a Lucille Lortel Award. In 2012 she originated the role of Mable Murphy in the play Heartless by Sam Shepard, in 2013, she starred in a revival of My Old Friends by Horton Foote. In 2014, she starred in a new play by Jordan Harrison titled Marjorie Prime, originating the title role of Marjorie at the Mark Taper Forum.
She is featured in the new pl