The Narrows, Manitoba
The Narrows is a community in the Canadian province of Manitoba. Situated on the Northern part of Lake Manitoba within the Rural Municipality of Siglunes, it is notable as the only place. A Post Office was opened at a location on 14-24-10W in 1896; the post office service was terminated in 1958. A school district was located on SE 24-24-10W. There are two Lake St. Martin First Nation reserves located in the surrounding areas. Geographic Names of Manitoba - the Millennium Bureau of Canada http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/sites/lakemanitobanarrows.shtml http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/sites/thenarrowsschool.shtml http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/sites/lakemanitobanarrows.shtml http://www.narrowswest.com/
Rural Municipality of Gimli
Gimli is a rural municipality located in the Interlake Region of south-central Manitoba, Canada, on the western shore of Lake Winnipeg. It is about 75 kilometres north of the provincial capital Winnipeg; the rural municipality's population in the Canada 2016 Census was 6,181. The town of Gimli and surrounding districts were once an Icelandic ethnic block settlement, the area, known as New Iceland, is home to the largest concentration of people of Icelandic ancestry outside Iceland, it has significant Ukrainian and German communities, at 12% and 6% respectively. The Town of Winnipeg Beach lies adjacent to its southeast corner, on the shores of Lake Winnipeg, between it and the Rural Municipality of St. Andrews to the south. Arnes Camp Morton Gimli Husavik Sandy Hook Gimli was founded by a large group of Icelandic settlers who arrived in New Iceland on Lake Winnipeg in the 1870s. Beyond the borders of Manitoba as it was this settlement fell within the District of Keewatin, until 1881 when Manitoba was enlarged.
In 1876 the community was hit by a severe outbreak of smallpox. Organized as a self-administering "Icelandic reserve" directly responsible to Ottawa, the settlers of New Iceland developed a unique constitution of by-laws for local government which remained in effect until they adopted provincial municipal government in 1887; the initial status of New Iceland as a "reserve" remained in effect until 1899. In the Gimli Glider incident on 23 July 1983, an Air Canada Boeing 767 en route from Montreal to Edmonton ran out of fuel and made an unpowered landing on a decommissioned runway at Gimli Industrial Park Airport, a former RCAF base near Gimli with no control tower and no fire trucks available. A reenactment of the incident aired on Discovery Channel's Mayday series and on Syfy's Urban Legends series; the Town of Gimli amalgamated with the Rural Municipality of Gimli on January 1, 2003. There are over 100 commercial fishers in Gimli, catching white pickerel. During the summer months, tourism is a major industry, as thousands of summer cottagers fill the town of Gimli on weekends.
Hotels and stores cater to the summer visitors. Two of the largest employers in Gimli are Faroex; the Gimli Distillery opened in 1968. The plant employs 72 people with an annual payroll of $4 million; the operation is situated on two quarters of land and comprises a production building, barrel filling and dumping, 46 warehouses to store the maturing whiskies. The plant, the source of Crown Royal whisky, produces the company's global Canadian whisky requirement. Faroex Ltd. established in 1981, produces composite components for use in the agricultural, automotive and military supply industries. Their first product was a flooring and support framing system made from plastic and fibreglass, used in hog production. Smaller companies include Interlake Agencies, a local real estate and insurance company that started in Gimli in 1962 and is now the largest seller of real estate in the Interlake region and one of the largest independent real estate companies in Manitoba; the Rural Municipality of Gimli had a population of 6,181 as of the Canada 2016 Census, an increase of 5.7% since the last census in 2011.
The average age of RM of Gimli residents was 51.4 years old, this was well over the provincial average of 39.4 The percentage of the population 65 years or older was 33.5% of the population, this was nearly double the provincial average of 15.6% of the population in the age bracket. Gimli residents claim Icelandic heritage as the largest part of their ethnic background with 26.5% of the entire rural municipality claiming some Icelandic background or 1,510 people. Close behind are those that claim Ukrainian background at 24.3 % and 22.2 % respectively. Gimli celebrates its heritage with the Icelandic Festival on August long weekend; the first Icelandic festival in Manitoba was held in Winnipeg in 1890. The celebration showcases the work of local artists in downtown Gimli. Tourists are able to purchase anything from jewellery to paintings and Viking and Icelandic memorabilia. A popular sight in the town is the pier which extends from the downtown shoreline out onto Lake Winnipeg and features the Gimli Seawall Gallery, a cement wall 977 feet long featuring 72 murals which depict the history and stories of the community.
The Gimli Film Festival is held annually. The Gimli Model Fest and R/C Airshow is the largest in mid-Canada. Mid-June 2011 saw the arrival of CJ 107.5, a local radio station featuring a mixture of both country and classical rock. The station is located in the Lakeview Hotel, broadcasting in Gimli and the surrounding Interlake area. Under the Köppen climate classification, Gimli has a humid continental climate with vast temperature differences between summer and winter, owing to its northerly latitude and distance to coastlines; as a result, summers are sometimes hot, with winters sometimes being bitterly cold. Gimli has a sunny climate, with an average of 318 days with measurable sunshine per year; the municipality has warm summers. Winter moderation from the lake is eliminated because Lake Winnipeg freezes over in winter due to the cold continental tendencies. Spring and autumn contain comfortable temperatures. David Arnason: writer and English professor bor
Winnipeg Beach is a town in the Interlake Region, in the Canadian province of Manitoba. The town was founded in 1900 by Sir William Whyte and is located at the junction of Highway 9 and Highway 229 on the southwestern shore of Lake Winnipeg, about 56 kilometres north of Winnipeg, it is bordered by the Rural Municipality of Gimli, the Rural Municipality of St. Andrews, the Village of Dunnottar as well as Lake Winnipeg. Nearby towns are Ponemah and Matlock, Sandy Hook, as well as Teulon, Selkirk, its permanent population is 1,017. In 1900, the Canadian Pacific Railway purchased 13 hectares of undeveloped shoreline 65 kilometres north of Winnipeg on the southwestern shore of Lake Winnipeg and commenced construction of a resort town. In addition to the attraction of a three kilometre stretch of sandy beach, the CPR built and offered an array of accommodation and amusement facilities, including a prominent dance hall. In the early 1900s, ritzy hotels lined the main street of Winnipeg Beach. Piers and picnic grounds were constructed to accommodate the weekend masses that would travel to Winnipeg Beach from the nearby capital city.
By 1913, the summer retreat had become so popular that the CPR had 13 trains running the line between the beach and the City of Winnipeg. The famous Moonlight Special returned to the city at midnight every Saturday for fifty years; the round trip fare was only fifty cents. A boardwalk took strollers along the beach to the carnival cottages. A wooden roller coaster was one of the largest in the country at the time and carried hundreds of passengers on a busy day; the Pavilion housed a 1,300-square-metre dance floor, reputed to be the largest in Western Canada. The romance of Winnipeg Beach began to wane during the 1950s, although the beach itself still remained a popular destination, in 1964 the amusement park was permanently closed. Of the many recreation and railway related structures erected by the CPR at Winnipeg Beach, only the steel water tower survives, it was constructed in 1928 by the Vulcan Iron Works Ltd. of Winnipeg. Utilitarian in design and appearance, the 40-metre-high tower supported a 90,000-litre capacity tank and provided a source of pressurized water for the CPR steam locomotives and fire protection services for the resort's facilities.
Non-operational since the resort closed, the structure is the best example of only five surviving riveted-steel water towers in Manitoba. As in its heyday, the tower is a prominent visual landmark around the beach community. After the closure of the resort and amusement facilities at Winnipeg Beach, the Province of Manitoba attempted to revitalize the town by creating a recreation park in the 1960s, with various improvements to the beach and the parks lining it. A restaurant and lounge and several change-room structures were built, in addition to a large parking lot; the recreation park continues to be a popular destination for beachgoers. The Town has built a Skateboarding park, to stimulate the youth community; the Global Television Network TV series Falcon Beach was filmed in the town during the summers of 2005–2006. Several different residential summer camps, including Camp Massad of Manitoba, lie just north of the town; the town is governed by a five-member town council. Media related to Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba at Wikimedia Commons Town of Winnipeg Beach Map of Winnipeg Beach at Statcan
Arborg is a town located in the Rural Municipality of Bifrost in Manitoba's Interlake Region, 103 kilometres north of Winnipeg. The picturesque setting along the Icelandic River was first settled more than 100 years ago, its first postal address was Ardal but in 1910 when the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the settlement, the name was changed to Arborg. The original railway station from 1910 still is today recognized as a heritage site; the building has been converted into a public library. Icelanders established homesteads to the east, west and south of the village, by 1908 the first Polish and Ukrainian settlers had arrived in the area; the coming of the railroad brought large numbers of Ukrainians who settled throughout the district along with groups from other European countries. This mixture gave Arborg its own distinct character; the many different churches, the ethnic foods and the social activities are all evidence of the cultural complexity of the town. The Arborg & District Multicultural Heritage Village is a working open-air museum and interpretive centre located just outside the town on Highway 68, on the south side of the Icelandic River.
It showcases the multicultural history of the area. The first building, the Trausti Vigfusson house, was moved on site by a team of horses, commemorating the community spirit that built the area in the early 1900s; this log house was built around 1898 and stood in Lundi. Vigfusson, its original owner and builder, transported it to the nearby Geysir settlement in 1902; the Arborg & District Multicultural Heritage Village is a community concept envisioned to promote and preserve for tomorrow those memories of the past. The Heritage Village had its grand opening May 24, 2008. To date a hall, caboose, outdoor bake oven and three houses have been completed. A school has been moved on the site and is awaiting restoration along with a foreman's rail car. Two Ukrainian log houses, a windmill as well as numerous farm equipment and artifacts have been added to the village in 2010. Arborg has a similar summer to other prairie cities with an August high of 23.6C, compared with 22.5C in Calgary or 24.4C in Saskatoon.
Winters are cold and Spring and Fall contain pleasant weather. Annual precipitation equals 506.1mm. Arborg is home to the world's largest curling rock, which measures 4.2 m across and 2.1 m tall. Unlike an actual curling rock however, it is constructed with steel and fiberglass, with most of the weight consisting in the steel support beams. James Reimer, goaltender for the Florida Panthers. Manitoba Hydro Press Release on Bio-Diesel Arborg and District Multicultural Heritage Village Map of Arborg at Statcan
Western Canada referred to as the Western provinces and more known as the West, is a region of Canada that includes the four provinces of Alberta, British Columbia and Saskatchewan. British Columbia is culturally, economically and politically distinct from the other parts of Western Canada and is referred to as the "west coast" or "Pacific Canada", while Alberta and Manitoba are grouped together as the Prairie Provinces and most known as "The Prairies"; the capital cities of the four western provinces, from west to east, are. With the exception of Winnipeg, the largest city in Manitoba, all other provincial capitals of the Western Provinces are located in the second-largest metropolitan areas of their respective province. Western Canada is the traditional territory of numerous First Nations predating the arrival of Europeans; as Britain colonized the west, it established treaties with various First Nations, took control of other areas without opposition and fought with other First Nations to take control of Western Canada.
Not all lands were ceded by the First Nations to British control and land claims are still ongoing. In 1858, the British government established the Colony of British Columbia, governing that part of Canada still known as British Columbia; the British government established the Hudson's Bay Company which controlled most of the current area of Western Canada, northern Ontario and northern Quebec, the area known as Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory. In 1870, the British government transferred the lands of the company to Canada; the area of Western Canada not within British Columbia was established as the Northwest Territories under Canadian control. The Western Canadian provinces other than British Columbia were established from areas of the Northwest Territories: Manitoba established as a province of Canada in 1870, following the enacting of the Manitoba Act. British Columbia: Under terms that Canada would absorb the colony's debt, would begin to subsidize public work, would begin to construct a railway allowing travel from British Columbia to Ontario, British Columbia agreed to join Canadian confederation in 1871.
Saskatchewan: Established as province in 1905, with the implementation of the Saskatchewan Act. Alberta: In 1905, the same year as Saskatchewan, Alberta was established as province. Just like Saskatchewan had the Saskatchewan Act, Alberta had the Alberta Act; as of the 2016 Census, the total population of Western Canada was nearly 11.1 million, including 4.65 million in British Columbia, 4.07 million in Alberta, 1.1 million in Saskatchewan, 1.28 million in Manitoba. This represents 31.5% of Canada's population. While Vancouver serves as the largest metropolitan area in Western Canada at nearly 2.5 million people, Calgary serves as the largest municipality at over 1.2 million people. As of the 2016 Census, Statistics Canada recognized ten census metropolitan areas within Western Canada, including four in British Columbia, three in Alberta, two in Saskatchewan, one in Manitoba; the following is a list of these areas and their populations as of 2016. From 2011 to 2016, the fastest growing CMAs in the country were the five located in Alberta and Saskatchewan: Calgary, Saskatoon and Lethbridge.
These were the only CMAs in the country to register growth over 10%. The three fastest growing CMAs - Calgary and Saskatoon - were unchanged from the previous intercensal period. Western Canada consists of the country's four westernmost provinces: British Columbia, Alberta and Manitoba, it covers 2.9 million square kilometres – 29% of Canada's land area. British Columbia adjoins the Pacific Ocean to the west, while Manitoba has a coastline on Hudson Bay in its northeast of the province. Both Alberta and Saskatchewan are landlocked between British Manitoba; the Canadian Prairies are part of a vast sedimentary plain covering much of Alberta, southern Saskatchewan, southwestern Manitoba. The prairies form a significant portion of the land area of Western Canada; the plains describes the expanses of flat, arable agricultural land which sustain extensive grain farming operations in the southern part of the provinces. Despite this, some areas such as the Cypress Hills and Alberta Badlands are quite hilly and the prairie provinces contain large areas of forest such as the Mid-Continental Canadian forests.
In Alberta and British Columbia, the Canadian Cordillera is bounded by the Rocky Mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The Canadian Rockies are part of a major continental divide that extends north and south through western North America and western South America; the continental divide defines much of the border between Alberta and British Columbia. The Columbia and the Fraser Rivers have their headwaters in the Canadian Rockies and are the second- and third-largest rivers to drain to the west coast of North America. To the west of their headwaters, across the Rocky Mountain Trench, is a second belt of mountains, the Columbia Mountains, comprising the Selkirk, Purcell and Cariboo Mountains sub-ranges; the coast of British Columbia enjoys a moderate oceanic climate because of the influence of the Pacific Ocean, with temperatures similar to those of the British Isles. Winters are wet and summers dry; these areas enjoy the mildest winter weather in all of Canada, as temperatures fall much below the freezing mark.
The mountainous Interior of the province is drier
Gimli is a community in the Rural Municipality of Gimli on the west side of Lake Winnipeg in Manitoba. The community's first European settlers were Icelanders who were part of the New Iceland settlement in Manitoba; the community maintains a strong connection to Iceland and Icelandic culture today, including the annual Icelandic Festival. It was incorporated as a village on March 6, 1908, held town status between December 31, 1946, January 1, 2003, when it amalgamated with the RM of Gimli. Census Canada now recognizes the community as a population centre for census purposes; the 2016 Canadian census recorded a population of 2,246 in the urban centre of Gimli. The town's settlers sustained themselves from agriculture and fishing. Gimli maintains a strong connection to the lake today, tourism has played a part in the town's current economic sustainability. Gimli Beach is a popular spot in the summer while the Gimli Harbour is the largest harbour on Lake Winnipeg and in Western Canada between Ontario and the Pacific Coast.
The first European settlers in Gimli were Canadian Icelanders. Icelandic immigrants began settling in 1875; the Icelandic settlers arrived from Kinmount and settled at the site of Gimli, the new home of New Iceland. Volcanic eruptions in Iceland at the time spurred additional immigration to the Gimli and New Iceland area. 300 people left Iceland, arrived in Ontario and took a ship to Duluth, from there they made their way to Grand Forks, North Dakota and took a steamer up to the mouth of the Assinboine. 75-100 people stayed in the Winnipeg area while the rest made their way to Lake Winnipeg on flat boats and one York boat to save money. In 1875, the settlers landed south of Gimli at Willow Island and had to walk and carry the remaining goods to the current site of Gimli. A second group of 800 would follow in their footsteps the next year. Three town sites were chosen in New Iceland to be surveyed, Gimli was measured as 1 mile of lakefront and half a mile in depth. Of the three towns, Gimli and Sandvik, Gimli is the only one remaining and the only one to have developed as planned.
The Canadian Pacific Railway reached Gimli in 1906 and soon the town and surrounding region became a tourist and vacation destination for people from Winnipeg. By the 1930s the south shore area of Gimli began to see cottages replacing farmland. With 68 km of shoreline on Lake Winnipeg, Gimli is a popular fishing destination in summer. During World War II an area west of the community was appropriated by the Royal Canadian Air Force to construct a training facility. RCAF Station Gimli was opened in 1943 and remained in operation until 1945; the Station was reactivated in 1950 and was closed again in 1971. In 1983, the Gimli Industrial Park Airport became famous when an Air Canada Boeing 767 ran out of fuel over southern Manitoba and glided to a landing at Gimli Motorsport Park; the aircraft in that incident became known as the Gimli Glider. In 2006, Icelandic-Canadian poet David Arnason contributed a washer-shaped "lucky stone" from the shores of Lake Winnipeg at Gimli to the Six String Nation project.
The stone was inlaid on the seventh fret of Voyageur, the guitar at the heart of the project, by Sara Nasr. Gimli is an Icelandic variant form of Gimlé, place in Nordic mythology, where the survivors of Ragnarök are foretold to live, it is mentioned in the Prose Edda and Völuspá and described as the most beautiful place on Earth, more beautiful than the Sun. In Asgard, the realm of the gods, Gimli is the golden roofed building where righteous men go when they die; the etymology of Gimli is "the place protected from fire" based on two Old Nordic elements: gimr "fire" and hlé "protected place". The Government of Canada provided the community of Gimli with a grant in 1898 to build a harbour in the community. A permanent dock was built in 1900 and a lighthouse was added in 1910; the lighthouse would be damaged in an ice pileup in 1943 which managed to push it over. The original top of the lighthouse was saved and put on top of a rebuilt replica in 1974 as part of a tourist attraction; the lighthouse is managed by the New Iceland Heritage Museum.
Today the harbour serves as the largest harbour on Lake Winnipeg. It is the site of a Canadian Coast Guard station and home to the CCGS Vakta, the largest coast guard vessel on Lake Winnipeg; the Gimli Harbour remains an important economic driver not only in terms of tourism but as part of a commercial fishery. An important source of food in the early days of New Iceland, fishing remains an important part of the modern economy today; the Gimli Yacht Club is located in the harbour and is used for recreational sailing, as well as to continue to teach sailing lessons today. The site has been used competitively with races taking place in Gimli as part of the 1967 Pan American Games, the 1999 Pan American Games, the 2017 Canada Summer Games. Under the Köppen climate classification, Gimli has a humid continental climate with vast temperature differences between summer and winter, owing to its northerly latitude and distance to coastlines; as a result, summers are sometimes hot, with winters sometimes being bitterly cold.
The Icelandic Festival of Manitoba has been celebrated since 1890 and has been held in Gimli since 1932. Several thousand tourists come each year for three days during the August long weekend. Artworks from jewellery to paintings are displayed at the art museum as well along the pier wall that extends from downtown Gimli into the lake, traditional Icelandic dishes are offered. Gimli holds a five-day summer film festival, during which films are shown on a screen in the lake to audiences on the beach. Gimli is the site of the Crown Royal whiskey distillery. Daily production
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is considered one of the three prairie provinces and is Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.3 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres with a varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States; the province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, Northwest Territories to the northwest, the U. S. states of North Minnesota to the south. Aboriginal peoples have inhabited. In the late 17th century, fur traders arrived on two major river systems, what is now called the Nelson in northern Manitoba and in the southeast along the Winnipeg River system. A Royal Charter in 1670 granted all the lands draining into Hudson's Bay to the British company and they administered trade in what was called Rupert's Land. During the next 200 years, communities continued to grow and evolve, with a significant settlement of Michif in what is now Winnipeg.
The assertion of Métis identity and self-rule culminated in negotiations for the creation of the province of Manitoba. There are many factors that led to an armed uprising of the Métis people against the Government of Canada, a conflict known as the Red River Rebellion aka Resistance; the resolution of the assertion of the right to representation led to the Parliament of Canada passing the Manitoba Act in 1870 that created the province. Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is the eighth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Other census agglomerations in the province are Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson; the name Manitoba is believed to be derived from the Ojibwe or Assiniboine languages. The name derives from Cree manitou-wapow or Ojibwa manidoobaa, both meaning "straits of Manitou, the Great Spirit", a place referring to what are now called The Narrows in the centre of Lake Manitoba, it may be from the Assiniboine for "Lake of the Prairie". The lake was known to French explorers as Lac des Prairies.
Thomas Spence chose the name to refer to a new republic he proposed for the area south of the lake. Métis leader Louis Riel chose the name, it was accepted in Ottawa under the Manitoba Act of 1870. Manitoba is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south; the province meets the Northwest Territories at the four corners quadripoint to the extreme northwest, though surveys have not been completed and laws are unclear about the exact location of the Nunavut–NWT boundary. Manitoba adjoins Hudson Bay to the northeast, is the only prairie province to have a saltwater coastline; the Port of Churchill is Canada's only Arctic deep-water port. Lake Winnipeg is the tenth-largest freshwater lake in the world. Hudson Bay is the world's second-largest bay by area. Manitoba is at the heart of the giant Hudson Bay watershed, once known as Rupert's Land, it was a vital area of the Hudson's Bay Company, with many rivers and lakes that provided excellent opportunities for the lucrative fur trade.
The province has a saltwater coastline bordering Hudson Bay and more than 110,000 lakes, covering 15.6 percent or 101,593 square kilometres of its surface area. Manitoba's major lakes are Lake Manitoba, Lake Winnipegosis, Lake Winnipeg, the tenth-largest freshwater lake in the world; some traditional Native lands and boreal forest on Lake Winnipeg's east side are a proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site. Manitoba is at the centre of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, with a high volume of the water draining into Lake Winnipeg and north down the Nelson River into Hudson Bay; this basin's rivers reach far west to the mountains, far south into the United States, east into Ontario. Major watercourses include the Red, Nelson, Hayes and Churchill rivers. Most of Manitoba's inhabited south has developed in the prehistoric bed of Glacial Lake Agassiz; this region the Red River Valley, is flat and fertile. Baldy Mountain is the province's highest point at 832 metres above sea level, the Hudson Bay coast is the lowest at sea level.
Riding Mountain, the Pembina Hills, Sandilands Provincial Forest, the Canadian Shield are upland regions. Much of the province's sparsely inhabited north and east lie on the irregular granite Canadian Shield, including Whiteshell and Nopiming Provincial Parks. Extensive agriculture is found only in the province's southern areas, although there is grain farming in the Carrot Valley Region; the most common agricultural activity is cattle husbandry, followed by assorted grains and oilseed. Around 12 percent of Canada's farmland is in Manitoba. Manitoba has an extreme continental climate. Temperatures and precipitation decrease from south to north and increase from east to west. Manitoba is far from the moderating large bodies of water; because of the flat landscape, it is exposed to cold Arctic high-pressure air masses from the northwest during January and February. In the summer, air masses sometimes come out of the Southern United States, as warm humid air is drawn northward from the Gulf of Mexico.
Temperatures exceed 30 °C numerous times each summer, the combination of heat and humidity can bring the humidex value to the mid-40s. Carman, Manitoba recorded the second-highest humidex in Canada in 2007, with