click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Rush (band)

Rush was a Canadian rock band consisting of Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson, Neil Peart. Formed in 1968, the band went through several configurations until arriving at its longest and classic line-up when Peart replaced original drummer John Rutsey in July 1974, two weeks before the group's first tour of the United States. Rush is known for its musicianship, complex compositions, eclectic lyrical motifs drawing on science fiction and philosophy; the band's musical style has changed several times over the years, from a blues-inspired hard rock beginning moving into progressive rock, including a period marked by heavy use of synthesizers. In the early 1990s, Rush returned to a guitar-driven hard rock sound, which continued for the rest of their career. Rush announced plans to cease large-scale touring at the end of 2015, following the conclusion of their R40 Live Tour. After nearly three years of an uncertain future, Lifeson reluctantly announced in January 2018 that the band was not going to continue.

Peart died of brain cancer at the age of 67 on January 7, 2020. According to the RIAA, Rush ranks 88th with sales of 25 million units in the U. S. Although total worldwide album sales are not calculated by any single entity, several industry sources estimated Rush's total worldwide album sales at over 40 million units as of 2017; the group has been awarded 24 gold, 14 platinum, 3 multi-platinum albums. Rush has been nominated for seven Grammy Awards, has won several Juno Awards, won an International Achievement Award at the 2009 SOCAN Awards; the band was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2013. Over their careers, the members of Rush have been acknowledged as some of the most proficient players on their respective instruments, with each band member winning numerous awards in magazine readers' polls; the original line-up formed in the neighbourhood of Willowdale in Toronto, Ontario, by guitarist Alex Lifeson and front man Jeff Jones, drummer John Rutsey on September 18, 1968.

Within a couple of weeks of forming, before their second performance and lead vocalist Jones left the band and was replaced by Geddy Lee, a schoolmate of Lifeson. Their first gigs took place at the Coff-Inn, a youth centre in the basement of St. Theodore of Canterbury Anglican Church in North York. After several line-up reformations, Rush's official incarnation formed in May 1971 consisting of Lee and Rutsey; the name "Rush" was suggested by Bill. The band was managed by local Toronto resident Ray Danniels, a frequent attendee of Rush's early shows. After gaining stability in the line-up and honing their skills on the local bar and high school dance circuit, the band members released their first single "Not Fade Away", a cover of the Buddy Holly song, in 1973; the B-side contained an original composition, "You Can't Fight It", credited to Rutsey. The single generated little reaction and, because of record company indifference, the band formed their own independent label, Moon Records. With the assistance of Danniels and the newly enlisted engineer Terry Brown, the band released its self-titled debut album in 1974, considered derivative of Led Zeppelin.

Rush had limited local popularity until the album was picked up by WMMS, a radio station in Cleveland, Ohio. Donna Halper, a music director and DJ working at the station, selected "Working Man" for her regular playlist; the song's blue-collar theme resonated with hard rock fans, this newfound popularity led to the album being re-released by Mercury Records in the U. S. After the release of the debut album, Rutsey left the band due to health difficulties stemming from diabetes and his distaste for touring, his last performance with the band was on July 1974, at Centennial Hall in London, Ontario. Rush selected Neil Peart as Rutsey's replacement. Peart joined the band on July 29, 1974, sixteen days before the group's first US tour, they performed their first concert together, opening for Uriah Heep and Manfred Mann with an attendance of over 11,000 people at the Civic Arena in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on August 14. In addition to becoming the band's drummer, Peart assumed the role of principal lyricist from Lee, who had little interest in writing, despite having penned the lyrics of the band's first album.

Lee and Lifeson focused on the instrumental aspects of Rush, pushed the band in an progressive rock-oriented direction. Fly by Night, Rush's first album after recruiting Peart, saw the inclusion of the band's first epic mini-tale "By-Tor and the Snow Dog", replete with complex arrangements and a multi-section format. Lyrical themes underwent dramatic changes because of Peart's love for fantasy and science-fiction literature. Despite these new styles, some other songs on the album mirrored the simplistic blues style found on Rush's debut; the band followed Fly by Night with Caress of Steel, a five-track album featuring two extended multi-chapter songs, "The Necromancer" and "The Fountain of Lamneth". Some critics said Caress of Steel was unfocused and an audacious move for the band because of the placement of two back-to-back protracted songs, as well as a heavier reliance on atmospherics and story-telling, a large deviation from Fly by Night. Intended to be the band's break-through album, Caress of Steel sold below expectations and the promotional tour consisted of smaller venues, which led to the moniker the "Down the Tubes Tour".

In light of these events, Rush's record label tried to pressure the members into moulding their next album in a more commercially friendly and accessible fashion.

Tadahisa Maruyama

Tadahisa Maruyama is a Japanese professional shogi player, ranked 9-dan. He is a former Kiō title holder. Maruyama was born in Kisarazu, Chiba on September 5, 1970, he won the 9th Junior High School Student Shogi Meijin Tournament in 1984, the following year entered the Japan Shogi Association's apprentice school at the rank of 6-kyū as a protegee of shogi professional Yūji Sase. He was promoted to the rank of 1-dan in 1986 and achieved professional status and the rank of 4-dan in April 1990. Maruyama's first tournament championship as a professional came in came in 1994 when he defeated Masataka Gōda 2 games to none to win the 25th Shinjin-Ō tournament. Maruyama defended his championship the following year by defeating Kōichi Fukaura 2 games to 1 in the 26th Shinjin-Ō match which made him the first person to win the tournament in consecutive years. Maruyama, was unable to repeat his success for a third consecutive year when he lost the 27th Shinjin-Ō match 2 games to 1 to Takeshi Fujii in 1996.

Maruyama's first appearance in a major title match came in 1999 when he challenged Yoshiharu Habu for the 47th Ōza title. Maruyama lost the match 3 games to 1. Maruyama invented the Maruyama Vaccine variation for Static Rook positions playing against Cheerful Central Rook opponents; the promotion history for Maruyama is as follows: 1985: 6-kyū 1986: 1-dan 1990, April 1: 4-dan 1992, April 1: 5-dan 1995, April 1: 6-dan 1997, April 1: 7-dan 1998, April 1: 8-dan 2000, June 28: 9-dan Maruyama has appeared in major title matches a total of ten times and has won three major titles. In addition to major titles, he has won twelve other shogi championships during his career. Note: Tournaments marked with an asterisk are no longer held. Maruyama has received a number of awards and honors throughout his career for his accomplishments both on an off the shogi board; these include the Annual Shogi Awards given out by the JSA for performance in official games as well as other JSA awards for career accomplishments, awards received from governmental organizations, etc. for contributions made to Japanese society.

22nd Annual Awards: Best New Player, Most Consecutive Games Won 23rd Annual Awards: Most Games Won, Most Consecutive Games Won 27th Annual Awards: Most Games Won, Most Games Played, Most Consecutive Games Won, Technique Award 28th Annual Awards: Distinguished Service Award 30th Annual Awards: Distinguished Service Award 39th Annual Awards: Game of the Year 46th Annual Awards: Masuda Special Prize 2000, November: Kisarazu City Meritorius Citizen Award 2007: Shogi Honor Fighting-spirit Award 2014: Shogi Honor Fighting-spirit Award 2015: 25 Years Service Award Maruyama has finished in the "Top 10" of the JSA's year-end prize money and game fee rankings sixteen times since 1993. His highest finish was third in 2001 with in JPY 57,270,000 in earnings. ShogiHub: Professional Player Info · Maruyama, Tadahisa

Keiser University

Keiser University is a private non-profit university based in Florida. Keiser provides educational programs at the undergraduate and doctorate levels in both traditional and online delivery formats; the school is regionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and is a member of the Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida. The main campus is in West Palm Beach, with additional branches located in other parts of Florida and internationally. In 1977, Arthur Keiser and his mother, created a career college, the Keiser School, in Fort Lauderdale to prepare students for jobs in Florida's growing business and healthcare communities. In 1982, with the addition of paralegal and computer programs, the school changed its name to the Keiser Institute of Technology. In 1986 the school became Keiser College. In 2001 the company created its first bachelor's degree programs. Five years in 2006, the for-profit school again changed its name and became Keiser University. In 2010, the Florida Attorney General began to investigate Keiser University and several other for-profit schools based in the state.

In 2011 the University switched from a profit to a not-for-profit model when Arthur Keiser sold the institution for an undisclosed sum to Everglades College Inc. a non-profit entity founded by Keiser that operates Everglades University. In 2015 Keiser University added a 100-acre campus to its West Palm Beach campus, on the site of what was Northwood University's Florida campus; the goal of this new expansion was to create a space for their new Doctor of Chiropractic and nursing programs. In 2016 the university launched the new College of Chiropractic with Dr. Michael Wiles serving as the Dean; this is the first program of its kind started in southern Florida. Keiser University is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award certificates and degrees at the associate, master's and doctoral levels. Keiser University is licensed by the Commission for Independent Education in Florida. Community College Week ranked Keiser 2nd nationally for colleges with associate degree programs in "health professions and related programs," 5th nationally for colleges with associate degree programs in "nursing: registered nursing, nursing administration, nursing research and clinical nursing.

In 2016 Keiser graduate Steven Bruce signed as a free agent with the Texas Rangers. In 2016, the Keiser University women's golf team won 2016 NAIA Women's Golf National Championship Title; this marked the second-straight year and the third time in school history that the Seahawks claimed top honors. Keiser University won the Sun Conference Commissioners Cup for the 2015-16 athletic season. In 2016 Keiser announced it planned to add football to its slate of varsity athletic programs, beginning during the 2018-19 academic year. Per ESPN, on December 14, 2016, Rollie Massimino, Keiser University's men's basketball coach, became the third active coach to achieve 800 career wins and the ninth coach overall. Massimino was 82 years old at the time. In 2018, Keiser announced that the inaugural Men's wrestling season will begin during the 2019-2020 academic year; this marks Keiser, along with Southeastern University and St. Thomas University, as the current institutions that sponsor scholarship wrestling programs in Florida.

This brings the total number of varsity teams to 25. Official website Athletics website

Riese und Müller

Riese & Müller is a bicycle firm in Darmstadt, Germany founded by Markus Riese and Heiko Müller. It makes suspended bicycles. Frames are produced by companies such as Taiwan. Bikes sold in Australia and the USA are built in and shipped from Taiwan. Riese & Müller was founded in 1993 to sell Hot Ears, earmuffs to keep the ears warm while wearing a helmet; the first bicycle, the folding bicycle known as the Birdy, started in the garage of Heiko Müller's parents as a university project. As of 2004 Riese & Müller had a revenue of €6.5 million a year. In 2006 it started selling Zwei bike bags. Other models produced by Riese & Müller are: Birdy Frog bicycle Avenue Culture Equinox Gemini Homage Intercontinenta e-bikes Delite, Nevo, Swing, & Tinker List of electric bicycle brands and manufacturers Official website History of Riese & Müller and the Birdy

Mindfulness and technology

Mindfulness and technology is a movement in research and design, that encourages the user to become aware of the present moment, rather than losing oneself in a technological device. This field encompasses multidisciplinary participation between design, computer science, religion. Mindfulness stems from Buddhist meditation practices and refers to the awareness that arises through paying attention on purpose in the present moment, non-judgmentally. In the field of Human-Computer Interaction, research is being done on Techno-spirituality — the study of how technology can facilitate feelings of awe, wonder and mindfulness and on Slow design, which facilitates self-reflection; the excessive use of personal devices, such as smartphones and laptops, can lead to the deterioration of mental and physical health. This area focuses on creating technology to improve the wellbeing of its users. In 1979 Jon Kabat-Zinn founded the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program at the University of Massachusetts to treat the chronically ill.

He is noted to be responsible for the popularization of mindfulness in Western culture. The program uses a combination of mindfulness meditation, body awareness, yoga; these practices derived from teachings of the Eastern World Buddhist traditions. Researchers found that enhanced mindfulness through the program mediated the association between increased daily spiritual experiences and improved mental-health-related quality of life. Early studies of mindfulness focused on health issues related to psychosomatic and psychiatric disorders, while studies of mindfulness explore the business sector, showing an increase in creativity and a decrease in burnout. Studies on the relationship between mindfulness and technology are new, with some of the more recent research highlighting the importance the practice plays in safety. There are applications for desktop and mobile to help users bring themselves back to the present moment. One of these mobile apps has been shown through a randomized controlled trial to help alleviate acute stress, while improving mood.

According to Vietnamese Zen teacher Thich Nhat Hanh, the ringing of a bell every 15 minutes is an effective way to cultivate the mindfulness practice and connect back with the body. The Mindfulness Bell and Mindful Mynah applications simulate the bell on the user's personal device. A 2011 brain imaging study published in the Journal of Neuroscience found that very brief instruction in mindfulness meditation was effective in relieving pain by reducing the brain's emotional response to painful stimuli. To help make meditation and mindfulness more accessible, developers have created digital health platforms, such as Headspace, Insight Timer and Buddhify. There are several wearables which measures the breath in order to connect the user back to their body. Wo. Defy is a dress which attempts to reveal the beauty of emotional communication using the common platform of the human breath. Spire measures your breathing patterns to give you insights into your state of mind. Being, the mindfulness tracker from Zensorium, maps user's emotions through heart rate variability.

WellBe monitors heart rate levels and matches them, through a patent pending algorithm, to specific moments and interactions throughout a user's day. SmartMat is a responsive mat embedded with 21,000 sensors to detect your body's balance and alignment. Prana's platform evaluates breath patterns, takes into account the effects of posture on breathing, differentiates between diaphragmatic and chest breathing, three critical components of assessing the true quality of breathing unaddressed by systems such as spirometers or pulse oximeters. Sonic Cradle enables users to shape sound with their breath while suspended in a dark chamber; the researchers conducted a qualitative study with 39 participants to show how persuasive media have the potential to promote long-term psychological health by experientially introducing a stress-relieving, contemplative practice to non-practitioners. Because the nature of chronic pain is complex, pharmacological analgesics are not enough to achieve an ideal treatment plan.

The system incorporates biofeedback sensors, an immersive virtual environment, stereoscopic sound titled the "Virtual Meditative Walk". It was designed to enable chronic pain patients to learn Mindfulness-based stress reduction, a form of meditation. By providing real-time visual and sonic feedback, VMW enables patients to learn how to manage their pain. Intel anthropologist Genevieve Bell has urged the human-computer interaction research community to devote more research to the use of technology in spirituality and religion. Techno-spirituality is the study of how technology can facilitate feelings of awe, wonder and mindfulness. There are 6,000 applications related to spirituality and religion; this area is in high demand and “important under-explored areas of HCI research”. Inspired by Bell's work, researchers focused on how mobile phones could be incorporated in American Soto Zen Buddhist community, without conflicting with their philosophy of “the here and the now”, they were able to find three ways to use technology to help strengthen ties within the community.

Slow design is a design agenda for technology aimed at reflection and moments of mental rest rather than efficiency in performance. Mindful design, based on Langer’s theory of mindfulness, is a design philosophy that incorporates the idea of mindfulness into creating meaningful user oriented design

List of cities in Chad

This is a list of cities and towns in Chad. In brackets there is the Arabic name of the city. Abéché Abou-Deïa Adé Adré Am Dam Amdjarass Am Timan Aouzou Arada Ati Baïbokoum Bardaï Bébédjia Béboto Beinamar Bénoye Béré Biltine Bitkine Bokoro Bol Bongor Bousso Djédaa Doba Dourbali Fada Faya-Largeau Fianga Gaoui Goré Goundi Gounou Gaya Goz Beïda Guélengdeng Guéréda Haraze Iriba Kélo Koro Toro Koumra Kyabé Laï Léré Linia Mangalmé Mao Massaguet Massakory Massenya Melfi Moïssala Moundou Mongo Moussoro N'Djamena Ngama Ouara Oum Hadjer Pala Sarh Zouar N'Djamena - انْجَمِينا) 951,418) Moundou - 137,929 Sarh - 137,251 Abéché - 97,963 Kélo - 57,859 Koumra - 37,867 Pala - 49,461 Am Timan - 52,270 Mongo - 37,628 Bongor - 44,578 List of cities by country Subdivisions of Chad