Ladysmith is a city and the county seat of Rusk County, United States. The population was 3,414 at the 2010 census; the city was founded in 1885 at the intersection of the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad with the Flambeau River, it was named "Flambeau Falls" after the Ojibwa name for the area Gakaabikijiwanan. Robert Corbett, a logging and lumbering entrepreneur, a strong influence on the city in its early years, renamed it "Corbett" "Warner" in 1891, Ladysmith on July 1, 1900, after the bride of Charles R. Smith, head of the Menasha Wooden Ware Co; the Flambeau Copper Mine was operated by Kennecott from 1993 to 1997. This was a rich volcanogenic massive sulfide ore deposit, so rich that the ore was shipped directly to the smelter. Flambeau has since been permanently closed and the site reclaimed. On September 2, 2002, a tornado rated at F3 strength destroyed much of Ladysmith's downtown area. Overall damage was estimated at $20 million. Ladysmith is located at 45°27′50″N 91°6′0″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.59 square miles, of which 4.21 square miles is land and 0.38 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 8 and Wisconsin Highway 27 are the main routes in the community. Ladysmith is along the Flambeau River; as of the census of 2010, there were 3,414 people, 1,527 households, 806 families residing in the city. The population density was 810.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,667 housing units at an average density of 396.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population. There were 1,527 households of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 47.2% were non-families. 41.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age in the city was 43.8 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 54.4 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,932 people, 1,570 households, 916 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,008.9 people per square mile. There were 1,660 housing units at an average density of 425.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.31% White, 1.48% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population. There were 1,570 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.6% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,274, the median income for a family was $40,526. Males had a median income of $26,725 versus $20,826 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,499. About 7.2% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. Rusk County Airport serves Ladysmith; the Rusk County Transit Commission provides transportation within Rusk County. Ladysmith is served by the Ladysmith School District, which administers Ladysmith High School and Ladysmith Elementary School. Ladysmith is home to private schools Our Lady of Sorrows, a Catholic grade school, North Cedar Academy, a high school.
Ladysmith was the home of Mount Senario College, which closed in 2002. In the 2006-2007 school year, part of the former campus was operated as Concordia Preparatory School, a private Christian high school; that institution faced financial problems and closed. Silver Lake College of Manitowoc, Wisconsin began offering courses at Mount Senario, renamed "Mount Senario Education Center", beginning September, 2009. City of Ladysmith Ladysmith Chamber of Commerce Ladysmith, Wisconsin is at coordinates 45°27′50″N 91°6′0″W. Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1902 1909 1914
Price County, Wisconsin
Price County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,159, its county seat is Phillips. Price County was created on March 3, 1879, when Wisconsin Governor William E. Smith signed legislation creating the county; the county was organized in 1882. William T. Price, for whom Price County was named, was President of Wisconsin Senate and an early logger in Price County. S. Congress; the county was formed from portions of Lincoln counties. The first white settler in what is now Price County was Major Isaac Stone, who located on the Spirit River in 1860 to engage in lumbering. Price County continues today to be a large producer of raw timber. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,278 square miles, of which 1,254 square miles is land and 24 square miles is water; the highest natural point in Wisconsin, Timms Hill at 1,951 feet, is located in Price County. KPBH - Price County Airport KPKF - Park Falls Municipal Airport 5N2 - Prentice Airport Chequamegon National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 15,822 people, 6,564 households, 4,417 families residing in the county.
The population density was 13 people per square mile. There were 9,574 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.22% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.4% were of German, 6.5% Norwegian, 5.9% Swedish, 5.4% Polish, 5.2% Irish and 5.0% Czech ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 6,564 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.70% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males. Park Falls Phillips Catawba Kennan Prentice Ogema Coolidge Kaiser Kennedy Knox Mills National Register of Historic Places listings in Price County, Wisconsin Price County Price County map at Wisconsin Department of Transportation Price County Historical Society
Wisconsin Highway 40
State Trunk Highway 40 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. It runs in north–south in northwest Wisconsin from Radisson to near Elk Mound, passing through Sawyer, Rusk and Dunn counties; the largest town on its route is Bloomer
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Taylor County, Wisconsin
Taylor County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,689, its county seat is Medford. The earliest recorded event in Taylor county occurred in 1661, when Wisconsin was part of New France. A band of Huron Indians from eastern Ontario had fled the Iroquois and taken refuge near the headwaters of the Black River around Lake Chelsea in the northeast part of the county. Father René Menard, a French Jesuit priest who had travelled up the Great Lakes as far as Keweenaw Bay in upper Michigan, heard that these Hurons were starving, he decided to try to reach them to baptize them, despite scant supplies. In mid-summer he and a French fur trader set out, following rivers and streams in birchbark canoes down into Wisconsin. A day's journey from the Huron camp, Father Menard separated from his travelling companion at a rapids to carry some supplies, he was never seen again. The place where he disappeared is believed to be the dells of the Big Rib River, below Goodrich in the southeast corner of Taylor county.
On June 8, 1847, before any settlers or loggers, a team of surveyors entered the county southwest of Medford, where County E now enters from Clark County. They were working for the U. S. government, marking a north–south line called the Fourth Principal Meridian, from which much of the land in the state would be measured. For six days they worked their way through woods and swamps, up what is now the southern part of E and across the valley, now the Mondeaux Flowage, before continuing north into what is now Price County; the head of the team wrote of the trip: During four consecutive weeks there was not a dry garment in the party, day or night... we were surrounded and as excoriated by swarms or rather clouds of mosquitoes, still more troublesome insects... On their way through the county and other surveyors recorded a forest dominated by hemlock, yellow birch and sugar maple, with white pine the fourth or sixth most frequent; the mix of tree species resembled today's Gerstberger Pines grove southeast of Rib Lake.
Logging began in the late 1850s. Loggers came from Cortland County, New York, Carroll County, New Hampshire, Orange County and Down East Maine in what is now Washington County and Hancock County, Maine; these were "Yankee" migrants, to say they were descended from the English Puritans who had settled New England during the 1600s. As a result of this heritage many of the towns in Taylor County are named after towns in New England such as Chelsea, named after Chelsea and Westboro, named after Westborough, Massachusetts. Medford was named after Massachusetts. Loggers came up the rivers and floated pine logs out in spring and early summer log drives, down the Big Rib River into the Wisconsin River, down the Black River to the south, west down the Jump and the Yellow River into the Chippewa. In 1872 and 73 the Wisconsin Central Railroad built its line up through Stetsonville, Whittlesey and Westboro, with a spur to Rib Lake, on its way to Ashland. To finance building this line, the U. S. Government gave the railroad half the land, the odd-numbered sections, of a good share of the county.
The railroad began to haul out the trees. Most early settlement was along this railroad, with few settlers in the west or east ends of the county by the 1890s. In 1875 Taylor County with its current boundaries was carved out of the larger Chippewa and Clark counties and a bit of Marathon, with the county seat at Medford; the county was named for Wisconsin's governor at the time, William Robert Taylor. At the time all of Taylor County's inhabitants were Yankee migrants from New England, which influenced the naming of the county, as William Robert Taylor was from Connecticut of English descent, it was divided into four towns—Westboro, Chelsea and Little Black—each stretching the width of the county. From around 1902 to 1905 the Stanley and Phillips Railway ran a line up the west end of the county through Polley, Gilman and Jump River. In 1902 the Eau Claire, Chippewa Falls, Northeastern Railroad pushed in from Holcombe through Hannibal to now-abandoned Hughey on the Yellow River. In 1905 the Wisconsin Central Railroad built its line through Clark, Polley and Donald, heading for Superior.
The SM&P and Omaha were logging railroads, which hauled out lumber and incidentally transported passengers and other cargo. With the lumber gone, the SM&P shut down in 1933. After the good timber was gone, the lumber companies sold many of the cutover forties to farm families, they tried making their living in various ways: selling milk, eggs and wool, growing cucumbers and peas, various other schemes. But before long dairy had become the predominant form of agriculture in the county. By 1923 Medford had the second largest co-op creamery in Wisconsin; the number of dairy farms peaked around 3,300 in the early 1940s and had dropped to 1,090 by 1995. Much of the cut-over north-central part of the county was designated part of the Chequamegon National Forest in 1933. Mondeaux Dam Recreation Area and other parts of the forest were developed by the Civilian Conservation Corps starting in 1933. CCC camps were at Mondeaux and near the current Jump River fire tower. Today hikers can follow the Ice Age National Scenic Trail through the national forest and the northeast corner of the county.
The major early industry was the production of sawlogs and shingles. Large sawmills were at Rib Lake. Medford and Rib Lake had tanneries, which used local hemlock bark i
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Wisconsin Highway 73
State Trunk Highway 73 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. It runs north–south across central Wisconsin from Ingram to near Edgerton, with the exception of Wood and Adams counties, where this highway runs east–west, it is one of the longer Wisconsin state highways at 265.8 miles. WIS 73 starts in Dane County at an interchange with Interstate 39, I-90, US Highway 51 north of the city of Edgerton. Near this junction, WIS 106 meets WIS 73 east of Albion. WIS 73 heads north nine miles where it meets US 12 and US 18. WIS 73 heads one mile to Deerfield. About four miles north of Deerfield, it meets I-94 at exit 250, continues north another four miles to Marshall where it has a brief overlap with WIS 19, it continues north about 10 miles to the city of Columbus. Just before it goes under an overpass of US 151, it crosses into Columbia County. WIS 73 crosses US 151, WIS 89, WIS 16, WIS 60 and US 151 again, in that order, as it travels northeast through Columbus on Park Avenue and Ludington Street.
It crosses into Dodge County just after WIS 16/WIS 60. WIS 73 continues north for 13 miles to Randolph. Just north of town, it crosses WIS 33. WIS 73 will continue to go back and forth between both sides of Columbia–Dodge county line until it crosses into Green Lake County at County Highway AW, five miles north of WIS 33. WIS 73 continues to head north for four miles to a junction with WIS 44; the two routes head west, forming a wrong-way concurrency through the unincorporated town of Manchester for two miles before WIS 44 splits off to head to Kingston. WIS 73 heads north another 10 miles to a junction with WIS 23, three miles east of Princeton. WIS 23/WIS 73 overlaps to Princeton using Fulton Street and Main Street before WIS 23 splits southwest to Montello. WIS 73 heads north-northwest, crossing into Marquette County at Eagle Road, to Neshkoro. WIS 73 will cross into Waushara County just north of County Highway E, north of Neshkoro. WIS 73 continues north-northwest six miles to Wautoma, where it meets WIS 21.
WIS 21/WIS 73 runs concurrently through downtown before WIS 21 splits off to head to Necedah. WIS 73 heads northwest for about 15 miles to Plainfield where WIS 73 crosses I-39 and US 51 west of town, it continues heading west, crossing into Adams County at County Highway D. WIS 73 straddles the Adams-Portage county line for about four miles, it enters Wood County before WIS 73 continues west-northwest to WIS 13, where it has a brief overlap with WIS 13. WIS 73 continues west for four miles to the Wisconsin River. In Nekoosa, WIS 73 has a junction with WIS 173. WIS 73 follows along the west bank of the Wisconsin River into Port Edwards, where it meets with WIS 54. WIS 54 is cosigned with WIS 73 along the west bank of the Wisconsin River as they enter Wisconsin Rapids's southwest side. At Riverview Expressway, they meet with WIS 13. WIS 54 heads to Plover while WIS 73 and WIS 13 are cosigned before they split at WIS 34 and Grand Avenue. WIS 73 heads west-northwest out of town, it crosses WIS 186. WIS 73 meets WIS 80 in Pittsville where WIS 73/WIS 80 overlap for about two miles before WI 80 heads north to Marshfield.
WIS 73 heads west seven miles to. It continues west about 17 miles to WIS 95 before it turns north and enters Neillsville where it has a one-block overlap with US 10 before heading north out of town. WIS 73 heads north to Withee. Just before Withee, WIS 73 meets with the WIS 29 expressway, overlaps with it for about 10 miles to Thorp, where WIS 73 exits and heads north once again, it crosses into Taylor County about five miles north of WIS 29. It goes north another seven miles to WIS 64, they are cosigned heading north before WIS 64 splits just east of Gilman. WIS 73 continues north to Jump River before entering Rusk County, it continues north for nine miles to Ingram, where WIS 73 ends at US 8. Media related to Wisconsin Highway 73 at Wikimedia Commons