Edwin Bancroft Henderson, was an African-American educator and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People pioneer. The "Father of Black Basketball," introduced basketball to African Americans in Washington, D. C. in 1904, was Washington's first male African American physical education teacher. From 1926 until his retirement in 1954, Henderson served as director of health and physical education for Washington D. C.'s black schools. An athlete and team player rather than a star, Henderson both taught physical education to African Americans and organized athletic activities in Washington, D. C. and Fairfax County, where his grandmother lived and where he returned with his wife in 1910 to raise their family. A prolific letter writer both to newspapers in the Washington D. C. metropolitan area and Alabama, Henderson helped organize the Fairfax County branch of the NAACP and twice served as President of the Virginia NAACP in the 1950s. Henderson was born in southwest Washington, D. C. on November 24, 1883.
His father, William Henderson, was a day laborer and his mother Louisa taught him to read at an early age. He reminisced about Al Jolson having been one of his playmates, as well as how he watched racial segregation grow in Washington after the turn of the century during the Woodrow Wilson administration, his grandmother Eliza Thomas Henderson had a small store in Washington, but in 1882 had moved to Falls Church and bought a house at 121 S. Washington Street. Henderson became familiar with that area too, spending summers there and sometimes assisting at that store; the family farm, bought about a decade had once been part of Camp Alger. Henderson graduated from Dunbar High School the Miner Normal School in 1904, he earned a bachelor's degree from Howard University, a master's degree from Columbia University, a Ph. D. in athletic training from Central Chiropractic College in Kansas City, Missouri. Henderson became the first black man to receive a National Honor Fellowship in the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation.
Shortly before his retirement from the D. C. Schools at age 70, Henderson received an Alumni Achievement Award from his alma mater, Howard University, he married Mary Ellen Meriwether Henderson a teacher and civil rights advocate, as well as active with the Girl Scouts and League of Women Voters. They moved to Falls Church, Virginia in 1910 shortly after their marriage, both helped at the Henderson family store, they lived at 307 South Maple Street for decades. C. Public Schools, they had a summer home at Highland Beach on Chesapeake Bay near Annapolis, Maryland. The Hendersons remained married for 63 years until her death, were survived by both their sons: Dr. James H. M. Henderson, Dr. Edwin M. Henderson. Upon graduating as a teacher in 1904, Henderson taught physical education in the D. C. public schools for five decades. During his first three summer breaks, he attended summer sessions at Harvard University to study medicine or health and physical education. There, Henderson learned the then-new game of basketball, which he introduced to other young black men at the 12th Street YMCA upon returning to Washington, D.
C. Soon, they were playing teams from Baltimore and New York, his D. C. teams won the national basketball championships in 1909 and 1910. From those early years through the 1950s, Henderson played and coached basketball, as well as refereed football and baseball contests and sparred in the boxing ring, he helped organize the first all-black amateur athletic association, the Interscholastic Athletic Association, the Washington, D. C. Public School Athletic League and the Eastern Board of Officials. Henderson taught and influenced hundreds of thousands of Washington area schoolchildren in basketball, including many luminaries such as Duke Ellington and Charles Drew. From 1926 until 1954, Henderson directed physical education for African American children in the segregated Washington, D. C. school system. He used sports to combat truancy, as well as instill character, forming teams in each fifth and sixth grade classroom. In 1943 his contributions were recognized by his being named to the National Council on Physical Fitness and the subcommittee on colleges and schools of the National Committee on Physical Fitness.
Henderson retired shortly after the Brown v. Board of Education decision made segregated schooling obsolete, so the position evaporated, but he was made a fellow of the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. During World War II, Henderson helped. In the 1940s, Henderson advocated for civil rights, including for interracial athletic competitions. Among the battles he fought in the 1940s was picketing the Uline Arena, because the Uline would not allow African Americans and Whites to compete against each other. After hearing the AAU Golden Gloves Boxing competitions were to be held at the Uline, Henderson encouraged picketing until Eugene Meyer, pub
Richard Andrew Pitino is an American basketball coach, the head coach of Panathinaikos of the Greek Basket League and the EuroLeague. He has been the head coach of several teams in NCAA Division I and in the NBA, including Boston University, Providence College, the New York Knicks, the University of Kentucky, the Boston Celtics and the University of Louisville. Pitino led Kentucky to an NCAA championship in 1996, he is the only coach to lead three different schools to a Final Four. In 2013, he was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. In June 2017, the NCAA suspended Pitino for five games of the upcoming 2017–18 season for his lack of oversight in an escort sex scandal involving recruits. Louisville's national championship from 2013 was vacated as well. In September, Pitino was implicated in a federal investigation involving bribes to recruits, which resulted in Louisville firing him for cause. Pitino was born in New York City, New York, was raised in Bayville, New York, he was captain of the St. Dominic High School basketball team in Long Island.
He enrolled at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1970. He was a standout guard for the Minutemen basketball team, his 329 career assists rank tenth all-time at UMass, as of the 2009–10 season. He led the team in assists as a senior; the 168 assists as a senior is the eighth-best single season total there. Pitino was a freshman at the same time future NBA legend Julius Erving spent his junior year at UMass, although the two never played on the same team because freshmen were ineligible to play varsity basketball at the time. Other teammates of Pitino's include Al Skinner, who went on to become a successful college coach, baseballer Mike Flanagan, who went on to pitch in the major leagues and win the AL Cy Young Award in 1979. Pitino earned his degree from the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1974. College coaching assignments included Boston University, Providence College, the University of Kentucky, the University of Louisville; as a collegiate head coach, Pitino has compiled a 629–234 record, for a.732 winning percentage, ranked 10th among active coaches and 29th all-time among all collegiate basketball coaches entering the 2012 season.
Pitino is considered by many to be one of the first coaches to promote taking advantage of the 3-point shot, first adopted by the NCAA in 1987. By exploiting the 3-point shot, his teams at Kentucky in the early 1990s were known as Pitino's Bombinos, as a significant portion of the offensive points came from the 3-point shot. Now, Pitino's teams are known for the 3-point threat and all of his teams rank towards the top in 3-point attempts per season. Many of Pitino's players and assistant coaches have gone on to become successful collegiate coaches. In total, 21 former Pitino players and coaches have become Division I head coaches, including Florida's Billy Donovan, Texas Tech's Tubby Smith, Arizona State's Herb Sendek, Cincinnati's Mick Cronin, Minnesota's Richard Pitino, Seton Hall's Kevin Willard as well as Cal State Northridge's Reggie Theus. Pitino started his coaching career as a graduate assistant at the University of Hawaii in 1974, became a full-time assistant in 1975, he was the first assistant hired by Jim Boeheim in 1976 as Boeheim began his tenure at Syracuse University.
Pitino served as Hawaii's interim head coach late in the 1975–76 season. Coach Bruce O'Neil was fired after the Rainbow Warriors' started the season 9–12. Pitino led Hawaii for their final six games. Pitino's time at Hawaii was marred by a 1977 NCAA report on sanctions against the program. According to the report, Pitino was implicated in 8 of the 64 infractions that led the university to be placed on probation; the violations involving Pitino included providing round-trip air fare for a player between New York and Honolulu, arranging for student-athletes to receive used cars for season tickets, handing out coupons to players for free food at McDonald's. He was cited, along with the head coach, Bruce O'Neil, for providing misinformation to the NCAA and University of Hawaii officials. In 1977, the NCAA infractions committee recommended that Pitino and O'Neil be disassociated from Hawaii athletics. In 1989, Pitino would dismiss the report, saying "I didn't make any mistakes, I don't care what anybody says."
Pitino's first head coaching job came in 1978 at Boston University. In the two seasons before his arrival, the team had won a mere 17 games. Pitino led the team to its first NCAA tournament appearance in 24 years. Pitino left Boston University to become an assistant coach with the New York Knicks under Hubie Brown. Pitino returned to college coaching to become head coach at Providence College in 1985. Providence had gone a dismal 11 -- 20 in the year. Two years Pitino led the team to the Final Four; that Final Four team featured point guard Billy Donovan, who would go on to be an assistant coach under Pitino at the University of Kentucky and win back-to-back national championships as head coach at the University of Florida. Donovan is the head coach of the Oklahoma City Thunder. After spending two years coaching in the NBA, Pitino returned to the college level again in 1989, becoming the coach at Kentucky; the Kentucky program was recovering from a major recruiting scandal brought on by former coach Eddie Sutton that left it on NCAA probation.
Pitino restored Kentucky's reputation and performance, leading his second school to the Final Four in the 1993 NCAA Tournament, winning a national title in the 1996 NCAA Tournament, Kentucky's 6th NCAA
Richard Vincent Guerin is an American retired professional basketball player and coach. He played with the National Basketball Association's New York Knicks from 1956 to 1963 and was a player-coach of the St. Louis/Atlanta Hawks franchise where he spent nine years. On February 15, 2013, the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame announced that Guerin had been elected as one of its 2013 inductees, he served in the Marine Corps Reserve from 1947 to 1954. While a reservist, Guerin attended Iona College from 1950 to 1954 where he scored 1,375 points in 67 games playing for coach Jim McDermott. After graduation, Guerin served on active duty at Marine Corps Schools, Virginia for two years; the Knicks drafted Guerin with the 8th pick in the second round of the 1954 NBA draft while still on active duty. After leaving the Marine Corps, Guerin would begin his professional basketball career in 1956; as a high-scoring point guard in the late 1950s and early 1960s, Richie Guerin was one of the most talented and best-loved players to wear a New York Knicks jersey.
His feisty on-court style and wisecracking off-court demeanor played well to Madison Square Garden crowds. Guerin was a machinelike scorer, a gifted passer, a smart playmaker, one of the best rebounding and driving guards of his era, he led the Knicks in assists for five consecutive seasons and in scoring three times during his seven full seasons in the Big Apple, he tallied more than 20 points per game in four consecutive years. The explosive Guerin set Knicks single-game records for scoring, with 57 points in 1959, assists, with 21 in 1958, his 57-point game stood as a Knicks record until Bernard King scored 60 on Christmas Day in 1984. A fan and media favorite, Guerin played in six consecutive NBA All-Star Games; as a team, New York struggled, reaching the playoffs only once during Guerin's tenure. He was traded to the St. Louis Hawks midway through the 1963–64 season and spent the next eight years as the team's player-coach and head coach. With St. Louis, Guerin played alongside such greats as Bob Pettit, Lou Hudson, Lenny Wilkens, Cliff Hagan.
Guerin helped the Hawks to nine consecutive playoff appearances and was named NBA Coach of the Year for 1967–68. Guerin grew up in the Bronx and stayed close to home when he enrolled at Iona College in 1950 where he played center for coach Jim McDermott. New York selected him in the 1954 NBA draft, but Guerin could not join the Knicks until he had completed two years of service in the Marines. New York was struggling through the mid-1950s near the bottom of the Eastern Division. Among the only bright spots during that period were high-scoring guard Carl Braun, point guard Dick McGuire, center Harry Gallatin. Turnover on the team was high. Guerin joined the club in 1956 and established himself. In only his second season he made the NBA All-Star Team for the first of six straight years. In his third year Guerin ranked second in scoring, he dished out a team-record 21 assists against St. Louis on December 12, 1958; the 21 assists he totaled were Madison Square Garden high until John Stockton broke the record 41 years later.
That year New York made its only postseason appearance with Guerin on the team, losing to the Syracuse Nationals in a first-round sweep. By Guerin's fourth year in the league he had established himself as a scoring machine, he threw in outside bombs and slashed inside for layups on his way to a team-leading 21.8 points per game in 1959–60. His 57 points against Syracuse on December 11 broke Braun's previous team record of 47. In 1960–61 Guerin again averaged 21.8 points, adding 7.9 rebounds and 6.4 assists per contest. He had his finest season in 1961–62, averaging 29.5 points and a career-high 6.9 assists in a remarkable 42.9 minutes per game. Guerin ranked sixth in the league in scoring and fourth in assists, he became the first Knicks player to score 2,000 points in a season. By the end of the campaign Guerin had established himself among the league's backcourt elite, he was named to the All-NBA Second Team for the third time in his first six seasons. Guerin had another fine season in 1962 -- 63.
He ranked seventh in the league in scoring, eighth in assists, second in free-throw percentage. But two games into the 1963–64 season the Knicks traded their 31-year-old star to the St. Louis Hawks for cash and a second-round draft choice; when he left the Knicks, Guerin ranked second on the team's all-time scoring list behind Carl Braun. In his first appearance at the Garden in a Hawks uniform, Knicks fans showed their gratitude by giving Guerin a five-minute standing ovation. Guerin joined a Hawks team loaded with offensive weapons, his production dropped accordingly to 13.1 points per game in 1963–64. Midway through the 1964–65 campaign, Guerin became the Hawks' 10th coach in nine years, replacing Harry Gallatin as player-coach. St. Louis had gone 17–16 under Gallatin, the team went 28–19 under Guerin; the Hawks earned a playoff spot but lost to the Baltimore Bullets in a hard-fought division semifinal series. Under Guerin's direction the Hawks reached the playoffs in each of the next seven seasons.
Guerin played two more full seasons, averaging 14.9 points in 1965–66 and 13.8 in 1966–67. After the Seattle expansion team drafted him in 1967, he announced his retirement as a player, preferring to direct all of his energies toward coaching, guiding the Hawks to a 56–26 record and the Western Division championship and being named NBA Coach of the Year for 1967–1968; the Hawks moved to Atlanta prior to the 1968–69 season, Seattle traded him back, allowing him to return to playing as a reserve player, guiding the Hawks to
Gail Charles Goodrich Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association. He is best known for scoring a record 42 points for UCLA in the 1965 NCAA championship game vs. Michigan, his part in the Los Angeles Lakers' 1971–72 season. During that season the team won a still-record 33 consecutive games, posted what was at the time the best regular season record in NBA history, won the franchise's first NBA championship since relocating to Los Angeles. Goodrich was the leading scorer on that team, he is acclaimed for leading UCLA to its first two national championships under the legendary coach John Wooden, the first in 1963–64 being a perfect 30-0 season when he played with teammate Walt Hazzard. In 1996, 17 years after his retirement from professional basketball, Goodrich was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. A native of the Los Angeles area, Goodrich was the captain of the John H. Francis Polytechnic High School basketball team that dominated and won the 1961 Los Angeles City high school basketball championship.
Goodrich scored 29 points in the championship game despite breaking his ankle in the third quarter. Goodrich has said that he had wanted to attend the University of Southern California, where his father had once been a star player, but coach John Wooden of UCLA showed much more interest in Goodrich than did USC. Like many Division I colleges, USC was wary of Goodrich's short stature, he was only 5 ft 8 in his junior year in high school and at his ultimate height of 6 ft 1 in, he was short by college basketball standards. Goodrich attended UCLA, where he finished as the school's all-time leading scorer and played on the school's first two national championship teams in 1964 and 1965, he was a two-time All-America and the Helms Foundation's "Co-Player of the Year" in 1965. In the 1965 NCAA championship game, he scored a record; this record stood until 1973 when UCLA's Bill Walton scored 44 in the finals vs. Memphis State, through 2007 it is still the second-highest total by a player in the championship game.
While at UCLA, Goodrich was a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity. A tenacious and fiery competitor, Goodrich used intelligent ball-handling skills and excellent court vision to lead two of the most successful teams in college basketball history; the left-handed junior guard was the team's main scorer. He finished with an average of 21.5 points per game and guided the 1963–64 UCLA Bruins to a 30-0 record. For the first time, a UCLA team won all 30 of its games en route to the school's first NCAA title. Goodrich and Keith Erickson were the only returning starters from the team that won UCLA's first national title in 1964; as a senior, the Bruins repeated as NCAA champions. At UCLA, Goodrich helped compile a 78-11 three-year record. In both of those championship seasons, Goodrich was named to the NCAA Final Four All-Tournament team. Goodrich at the time finished as UCLA's all-time leading scorer, now broken by Don MacLean. Although many believed Goodrich was too small for the college game and too frail for the pros, through perseverance and discipline, proved his doubters wrong.
Goodrich was nicknamed "Stumpy", a moniker bestowed upon him by teammate Elgin Baylor, because of Goodrich's height and short legs. Goodrich was a territorial pick by the Los Angeles Lakers in the 1965 NBA draft; as a rookie in 1965–66, he averaged about 15 minutes per game as a reserve guard behind starters Jerry West and former UCLA teammate Walt Hazzard. Goodrich posted averages of 2.0 rebounds per game and 1.6 assists per game. On December 23, 1965, he scored a personal single-game best of 25 points against the San Francisco Warriors; the Lakers advanced to the NBA finals. In 1966–67, his playing time increased to over 23 minutes per game as he divided time with Hazzard at guard opposite West. Goodrich posted averages of 3.3 rpg and 2.7 apg. In the first game of the season he scored a career-high 30 points in a game against the Baltimore Bullets, a feat which he duplicated six weeks against the Chicago Bulls. In 1967–68, his third season, Goodrich's playing time increased again, to 26 minutes per game, although it wasn't without frustration as he returned to a reserve role backing up guard Archie Clark opposite West.
Goodrich averaged 2.5 rpg and 2.6 apg. The Lakers returned to the NBA Finals. In 1968, the Lakers lost Goodrich to the Phoenix Suns in the expansion draft, he became the star of the new franchise and a favorite among Suns fans. A full-time starter for the first time in his NBA career in 1968–69, Goodrich showed what was to come as he scored at least 22 points in each of the Suns' first 11 games. In December 1968, he exploded for 40 points against the Warriors, but topped that with 43 against the Bulls and, on March 9, 1969, he scored 47 against the San Diego Rockets. For the season, Goodrich scored tops on his team, he surprised critics who had labeled him a gunner by ranking seventh in assists with 6.4 per game along with 5.4 rpg. He was selected to play in the 1969 NBA All-Star Game. In 1969 -- 70, Goodrich scored 7.5 apg. After the season, on May 20, 1970, he was traded back to the Lakers in exchange for Mel Counts. For the 1970–71 season, now as a Lakers starter alongside Jerry West, Goodrich averaged 17.5 ppg as the Lakers advanced to the Western
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa
Dawn Michelle Staley is an American basketball Hall of Fame player and coach. Staley is a three-time Olympic gold medalist, was elected to carry the United States flag at the opening ceremony of the 2004 Summer Olympics. After playing point guard for the University of Virginia under Debbie Ryan, winning the gold medal at the 1996 Summer Olympics, she went to play professionally in the American Basketball League and the WNBA. In 2011, Staley was voted in by fans as one of the Top 15 players in WNBA history, she was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2013. While still a WNBA player, she started coaching the Temple University Owls women's basketball team in 2000. In six years at Temple, she led the program to six NCAA tournaments, three regular season conference championships, four conference tournament titles. On May 7, 2008, she was named the University of South Carolina women's head basketball coach. Over the following six seasons, she improved her program's record every year, up to winning the SEC in 2013–2014.
In late 2014 her team achieved the program's first #1 ranking, making her only the second individual to both play on and coach a #1 ranked team. Staley has gone on to lead South Carolina to four SEC regular season championships, four SEC tournament championships, six Sweet Sixteens, two Final Fours, On April 2, 2017, she guided the South Carolina Gamecocks to the programs's first NCAA Women's Basketball National Championship. On March 10, 2017, she was named head coach of USA national team. Staley was named the national high school player of the year during her final season at Murrell Dobbins Tech High School in Philadelphia. Staley attended the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, from which she earned her degree in Rhetoric and Communication Studies. During her four seasons in college, she led her team to four NCAA Tournaments, three Final Fours and one National Championship game, she was named the ACC female athlete of the year and the national player of the year in 1991 and 1992. Staley finished her college career with 2,135 points and held the NCAA record for career steals with 454.
She finished her career at Virginia as the school's all-time scoring leader and as the ACC's all-time leader in assists at 729, but those records have since been broken by former UVA stars Monica Wright and Sharnee Zoll, respectively. Her number 24 is retired at UVA. In 1994–1995, after graduation, Staley played professional basketball in France in Tarbes, Italy and Spain before joining the ABL and the WNBA. Source Staley was named to the USA Basketball Women's Junior National Team; the team participated in the second Junior World Championship, held in Bilbao, Spain, in July 1989. The USA team lost their opening game to South Korea in overtime lost a two-point game to Australia. After winning their next game against Bulgaria, the USA team again fell in a close game, losing by three points to Czechoslovakia. After beating Zaire in their next game, the USA team played Spain, fell three points short. Staley averaged 10.8 points per game and recorded 14 steals over the course of the event, both second-highest on the team.
The USA team finished in seventh place. Staley was named to the team representing the USA at the World University Games held during July 1991 in Sheffield, England. While the USA team had won gold in 1983, they finished with the silver in 1985, in fifth place in 1987, did not field a team in 1989; the team was coached by Tara VanDerveer of Stanford. After winning opening games the USA faced China in the medal round; the USA shot only 36% from the field, but limited the team from China to 35%, won, 79–76, to advance to the gold medal game. There they faced 7 -- 0 Spain. Staley averaged 4.9 points per game. Staley competed with USA Basketball as a member of the 1992 Jones Cup Team that won the Gold in Taipei. Staley played for Team USA throughout her career. In 1994 she competed in the World Championships and was named the USA basketball Female Athlete of the Year, she led the 1996 team to an undefeated record of 60–0 and the gold medal at the Olympic games in Atlanta. She was a member of the 2000 Olympic team that defended the gold medal.
Staley was selected to represent the USA at the 1995 USA Women's Pan American Games, only four teams committed to participate, so the event was cancelled. Staley was named to the USA national team in 1998; the national team traveled to Berlin, Germany, in July and August 1998 for the FIBA World Championships. The USA team won a close opening game against Japan, 95–89 won their next six games easily. In the semifinal game against Brazil, the USA team was behind as much as ten points in the first half, but went on to win, 93–79; the gold medal game was a rematch against Russia. In the first game, the USA team dominated from the beginning, but in the rematch, the team from Russia took the early lead and led much of the way. With under two minutes remaining, the USA was down by two points but the USA responded held on to win the gold medal, 71–65. Staley hit two free throws with ten seconds left to extend a three-point lead to five points hit another free throw with three seconds left in the game to "seal the 71–65 victory".
Staley made a record 52 assists. In 2002, Staley was named to the national team which competed in the World Championships in Zhangjiagang and Nanjing, China; the team was coached by Van Chancellor. Staley scored 4.9 points per game, recorded a team-high 24 assists. The USA team won all nine games, including a close title game against Russia, a one-point game late in the game, she won a third gold
Jerry Tarkanian was an American basketball coach. He coached college basketball for 31 seasons over five decades at three schools, he spent the majority of his career coaching with the UNLV Runnin' Rebels, leading them four times to the Final Four of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, winning the national championship in 1990. Tarkanian revolutionized the college game at UNLV, utilizing a pressing defense to fuel its fast-paced offense. Overall, he won over 700 games in his career, only twice failed to win 20 games in a season. Tarkanian was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2013. Tarkanian went to college at Pasadena City College and Fresno State, earning a bachelor's degree while playing basketball, he was a head coach at the high school level before becoming a successful junior college coach, returned to Pasadena City College and led them to a state championship. In 1968, he moved to a four-year college at Long Beach State College. Tarkanian established a successful program built on former junior college players, who were considered second-rate by other four-year programs.
He was the rare coach that dared to start a predominantly black lineup. He compiled a 122–20 record over five years at Long Beach before moving to the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, he transformed the small program into a national powerhouse while granting his players the freedom to express themselves. Known for his colorful behavior and affectionately referred to as "Tark the Shark", Tarkanian became a celebrity in Las Vegas, he left the Runnin' Rebels for a brief stint coaching professionally with the San Antonio Spurs in the National Basketball Association before finishing his career at his alma mater, Fresno State. Throughout his career, he battled accusations of rules violations from the National Collegiate Athletic Association, with each of his three universities suffering penalties. Tarkanian responded by challenging the organization to investigate larger and more powerful universities; the NCAA ordered UNLV to suspend him in 1977, but he sued the NCAA and continued coaching while the case was pending.
The Supreme Court ruled against him in 1988, but he remained UNLV's coach after a settlement with the NCAA. Tarkanian sued them again in 1992, the case was settled when he received $2.5 million in 1998. Tarkanian, the son of Armenian immigrants, was born in Euclid, Ohio in 1930, his mother, was a refugee of World War I. Tarkanian's maternal grandfather, was an Ottoman government official, beheaded by Turkish authorities. Mickael's son was decapitated by the same authorities. Fearing for their lives and the rest of her siblings escaped the Ottoman Empire and settled in Lebanon where Rose met George Tarkanian; the couple moved to the United States. However, Jerry's father died when he was 13. By this time, Jerry showed his interest in sports, but his stepfather disapproved of his involvement with sports, while his mother encouraged him to pursue it. A graduate of Pasadena High School, he attended Pasadena City College in California and played basketball at the college in the 1950–51 season. Tarkanian transferred to Fresno State College, where he played basketball for the Bulldogs in the 1954–55 season as a backup guard.
After graduating from Fresno State College in 1955, he earned a master's degree in educational management from the University of Redlands. He began his coaching career with five years of California high school basketball, starting with San Joaquin Memorial High School in Fresno, he moved to Antelope Valley High School in Lancaster and Redlands High School. He moved on to the junior college level at Riverside City College from 1961 to 1966 and Pasadena City College from 1966 to 1968, he coached teams to a record four straight California junior college championships — three at Riverside, one at Pasadena. Tarkanian moved to Division I basketball as coach at Long Beach State from 1968 to 1973, where he was among the first coaches to shun an unwritten rule that at least three of the five starting players had to be white, he pioneered the use of junior college athletes. University of Nevada, Reno history professor Richard O. Davies wrote in his book, The Maverick Spirit, that Tarkanian's recruiting practice drew complaints that he was running a "'renegade' program built upon less than stellar students."
When the 49ers made the 1970 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, Tarkanian boasted that his team consisted entirely of junior college transfers. Long Beach State reached four straight NCAA tournaments, established itself as a regional power. Though the schools were separated by just 30 miles, John Wooden of UCLA refused to schedule a regular season game with them. At the peak of Wooden's dynasty, the schools met in the 1971 West Regional final. Long Beach led at the half by 12, but UCLA prevailed 57–55 en route to their fifth straight national championship. Wary of continuing in UCLA's shadow, Tarkanian accepted an offer to coach at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas in 1973. Prior to his arrival, UNLV was dubbed "Tumbleweed Tech" by locals, their basketball program had no winning track record and minimal fan support. However, he achieved much success there, coaching the Runnin' Rebels from 1973 to 1992. In fact, it was Tarkanian's idea to call the team the "Runnin' Rebels." His teams were known for an up-tempo style, stifling defense, going on long runs that turned close games into blowouts.
They hit their peak after joining the Pacific Coast Athletic Association in 1982, winning or sharing 10 straight regular season titles and winning seven tournament titles. He took his UNLV teams to four Final Fours. In the first, in