Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe.
The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established and episkyros were Greek ball games.
An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Yegor Ilyich Titov is an association football coach and a former player who played midfielder. He was a goal scoring midfielder playing in the hole between the midfield and attack and he was well known for his vision, close control and accurate passing. Other than that he was a renowned set-piece taker and is known for his temperament. Titov spent the majority of his career at Spartak Moscow, starting in 1995, helping them to six consecutive league titles. He played for Russia at the 2002 World Cup and has amassed over 30 caps for his country, after a Euro 2004 playoff against Wales he was tested positive for the banned substance bromantan and received a 12-month suspension. In 2008, Titov had made statements in his interview to Sovetsky Sport. In 2002, Titov was reportedly close to a move to La Liga side Atlético Madrid, due to several factors, including a recent severe loss of form and conflicts with Spartak Moscows manager, Titov became unsettled and, in August 2008, left to join FC Khimki.
In the beginning of 2009, Yegor signed with the newly formed club Lokomotiv Astana and he joined the Kazakh side with his former teammate Andrey Tikhonov. He retired from football in early 2010. Alenichev hired him as his assistant when he was hired as the manager of FC Spartak Moscow in the summer of 2015, egor Titovs unofficial website Club profile Profile and interview – Yegor leaves Spartak
Luzhniki Stadium, is a sports stadium in Moscow, Russia. Its total seating capacity is 81,000 seats, all covered and this stadium has the same interior with Gelora Bung Karno Stadium in Indonesia. The stadium is a part of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex, and is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city, the name Luzhniki derives from the flood meadows in the bend of Moskva River where the stadium was built, translating roughly as The Meadows. In the past its field was used for football games played by PFC CSKA Moscow, Torpedo Moscow and Spartak Moscow. Today it is used as one of the home grounds of the Russian national football team. It is one of the few major European stadia to use an artificial pitch, the pitch is necessary because regular grass pitches cannot withstand the harsh Russian winters and must be replaced at high cost. However, a natural grass pitch was installed for the 2008 UEFA Champions League Final. The stadium is used from time to time for various other sporting events.
The stadium is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city, the name Luzhniki derives from the flood meadows in the bend of Moskva River where the stadium was built, translating roughly as The Meadows. It was necessary to find a large plot of land. The proximity of the river, green mass of clean, fresh air - this circumstance alone mattered to select the area of the city of sports. In addition, Luzhniki is located close to the city center. On December 23,1954, the Government of the USSR adopted a resolution on the construction of a stadium in the Luzhniki area in Moscow. The 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki brought the Soviet team 71 medals and top place in the team standings. It was a success, but increased athletic development of the Soviet Union. The proposed complex was to all modern international standards and at the same time serve as a training base for the Olympic team and arena for large domestic. The stadium was built in 1955–56 as the Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium and it was necessary to demolish a whole area of dilapidated buildings.
Because the soil was heavily waterlogged, almost the entire area of the future of the complex had to be raised half a meter,10,000 piles were hammered into the ground and dredgers reclaimed about 3 million cubic meters of soil
Oleg Ivanovich Romantsev is a Soviet/Russian former international footballer and coach. Romantsev was acclaimed for his success with Spartak Moscow, whom he led to a record eight domestic league titles and he is considered by some observers to be the finest coach in the history of Russian football. Oleg Romantsev was born on 4 January 1954 in the selo of Gavrilovsky, Ryazan Oblast, Romantsev joined a local youth team named Metallurg where he played as a striker and within two years was appointed the teams captain. His performances there earned him an invite to play for Avtomobilist, another Krasnoyarsk team and he stayed with Avtomobilist after the tournament where he helped them to third place in the USSR Youth Championship. In 1971, Romantsev was promoted to the team of Avtomobilist. He marked his debut for the team with a goal. Over time, Romantsev eventually underwent a change on the pitch and was converted to a left-back. After impressing Spartak representatives during the match, Romantsev was offered terms, Romantsev had not accepted the offer outright and dismissed Beskovs approach.
But Beskov was the manager of the Soviet Union national team at the time, during this period Beskov was successful in talking Romantsev around and he eventually returned to the Spartak first team. Romantsev would go on to play 180 matches for the club and he was appointed club captain in 1979, and held the position until injuries brought about the end of his playing career in 1983, at the age of just 29. In his time as a player with Spartak, Romantsev won the 1979 Soviet Top League, Romantsev made nine appearances for the Soviet Union national team. He played six matches and scored one goal for the team at the 1980 Summer Olympics. A year after the end of his career, Spartak Moscows founder Nikolai Starostin offered Romantsev a coaching role at Krasnaya Presnya – a little-known Moscow club in the Soviet Second League. It was here that he first crossed paths with future Russia star Aleksandr Mostovoi, the two quickly forged a close relationship that was to continue long into their professional careers.
In an interview with UEFAS Dmitri Rogovitski, Mostovoi said, He was an inexperienced coach back then. He became my father in football, it was thanks to him that I grew into a serious player, Romantsev would ultimately spend three years in charge of Presnya, before spending several months in charge of Spartak Ordzhonikidze in 1988. Later that year, Romantsev returned to the club where he made his name as a player, at the time, it was considered a surprise move. Mostovoi recalled of his arrival, His appointment was unexpected, I was abroad with the youth international team and when we returned home for training, Beskov was gone and Romantsev was there in his place
Andriy Leonidovych Husin was a professional Ukrainian football player and coach. He frequently played in the Ukraine national football team, and was one of Ukraines most capped players and he was a member of their squad at the 2006 World Cup. Husin was a part of the Dynamo Kyiv squad which reached the semi final of the UEFA Champions League 1998-99 season. He continued to be a key player in the squad of Dynamo after that, even after head coachs, Valery Lobanovskys death, and the change of coaches that followed. On 8 June 2007, Husin retired from Krylia Sovetov and joined the FC Saturn Moscow Oblast coaching staff, but with the change of the coaching staff in the middle of the fall, Husin was sent away from the club for supposedly disrupting the clubs unity. Husin and others deny this and say that he was sent away because new coach Jürgen Röber wanted to establish his authority at the new club. The player and coach is currently keeping up his form with his team, Dynamo Kyiv. He demands compensation from the Saturn, which refuses to pay him anything, in the summer of 2009 he signed with the Russian club FC Khimki.
He left the club before playing any official games when he received two injuries in a time and decided he is not ready to play on the Russian Premier League level at the time. Following the 2006 World Cup, Husin announced his retirement from international football, however, on 15 August 2006, following lengthy conversations with his teammates, Husin announced his decision to remain in the Ukrainian team for the time being. Husin died in a crash in Kiev on 17 September 2014. He is survived by his wife and three children, Ukraine Ukrainian Premier League, Winner Ukrainian Cup, Winner Profile on Official Saturn Website Profile on website Football Ukraine
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is a Russian politician. Putin is the current President of the Russian Federation, holding the office since 7 May 2012 and he was Prime Minister from 1999 to 2000, President from 2000 to 2008, and again Prime Minister from 2008 to 2012. During his second term as Prime Minister, he was the Chairman of the ruling United Russia Party, born in Leningrad, Putin studied German in high school and speaks the language fluently. He studied Law at the Saint Petersburg State University, graduating in 1975, Putin was a KGB Foreign Intelligence Officer for 16 years, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel before retiring in 1991 to enter politics in Saint Petersburg. He moved to Moscow in 1996 and joined President Boris Yeltsins administration, rising quickly through the ranks and becoming Acting President on 31 December 1999, when Yeltsin resigned. Putin won the subsequent 2000 Presidential election by a 53% to 30% margin, thus avoiding a runoff with his Communist Party of the Russian Federation opponent and he was re-elected President in 2004 with 72% of the vote.
During Putins first presidency, the Russian economy grew for eight straight years, the growth was a result of the 2000s commodities boom, high oil prices, and prudent economic and fiscal policies. Because of constitutionally mandated term limits, Putin was ineligible to run for a third presidential term in 2008. The 2008 Presidential election was won by Dmitry Medvedev, who appointed Putin Prime Minister, in September 2011, after presidential terms were extended from four to six years, Putin announced he would seek a third term as president. He won the March 2012 Presidential election with 64% of the vote, under Putins leadership, Russia has scored poorly on both the Democracy index and the Corruption index. Putin has enjoyed high approval ratings during his career. In 2007, he was the Time Person of the Year, in 2015, he was #1 on the Times Most Influential People List. Forbes ranked him the Worlds Most Powerful Individual every year from 2013 to 2016, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was born on 7 October 1952 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, the youngest of three children of Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin and Maria Ivanovna Putina.
His birth was preceded by the death of two brothers and Albert, born in the mid-1930s, Albert died in infancy and Viktor died of diphtheria during the Siege of Leningrad. Putins mother was a worker and his father was a conscript in the Soviet Navy. Early in World War II, his father served in the battalion of the NKVD. Later, he was transferred to the army and was severely wounded in 1942. On 1 September 1960, Putin started at School No.193 at Baskov Lane and he was one of a few in the class of approximately 45 pupils who was not yet a member of the Young Pioneer organization
Oleksandr Holovko is a former Ukrainian football defender who last played for Tavriya Simferopol, In his career, he played in the centre-back position. Holovko used to be a regular start-up for the Ukrainian national football team, Holovko has played for three clubs, Tavriya Simferopol, Dynamo Kyiv and Qingdao Beilaite. A top notch central or right defender, Holovko helped lead Dynamo Kyiv to many victories in the UEFA Champions League and he was a regular member of the Ukraine national football team from 1995 to 2004, having appeared in 58 international matches. Currently is the coach of the Ukrainian Under 16 Youth National Team and this team will competed in September 2008 for qualification to the 2009 UEFA U-17 Championships. As for playing his career, he stopped his career at the age 38, oleksandr Holovko at National-Football-Teams. com Profile on website Football Ukraine
Dmitri Alekseyevich Khlestov is a Russian football player. He plays for the amateur side FC Odintsovo, which plays in the Moscow Oblast zone of the Russian Amateur Football League and he played for FC Spartak Moscow, Beşiktaş J. K. FC Torpedo-Metallurg Moscow and FC Sokol Saratov and he played for Russia national football team and was a participant at the 1994 FIFA World Cup. Khlestov is one of the two players who won the Russian League 9 times, after 2008 he played in some amateur teams. Russian Premier League winner in 1992,1993,1994,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000 Russian Cup winner in 1992,1994,1998,2003 Profile at RussiaTeam Web Archive of Statistics at KLISF Profile at TFF. org
UEFA Euro 2000
The finals of Euro 2000 were co-hosted by Belgium and the Netherlands, between 10 June and 2 July 2000. Spain and Austria bid to host the event, the final tournament was contested by 16 nations. With the exception of the teams of the hosts and the Netherlands. France won the tournament, by defeating Italy 2–1 in the final, Romania was the other qualifier from the group, beating England with a late penalty in their last group game. Belgium had an exit in the group stage, winning the tournaments first game against Sweden. They finished third in Group B, behind Italy and Turkey, the other co-host and favourite, the Netherlands, progressed as expected from Group D, along with World Cup winners France. The Netherlands won the group, by beating France in their last group match, in Group D, Denmarks three losses with eight goals conceded and none scored set a new record for the worst team performance in the group stages of a Euros. Group C was memorable for the match between FR Yugoslavia and Spain, Spain needed a win to ensure progression, but found themselves trailing 3–2, after Slobodan Komljenović scored in the 75th minute.
The Spanish side rescued their tournament by scoring twice in injury time to record a 4–3 victory, FR Yugoslavia managed to go through as well, despite losing because Norway and Slovenia played to a draw. Italy and Portugal maintained their records in the quarter-finals, beating Romania and Turkey, respectively. Spain fell 2–1 to France, Raul missed a penalty that ended Spanish hopes. Italy eliminated the Netherlands in the semi-finals, despite going down to ten men, in the other semi-final, Portugal lost in extra time to France after Zinedine Zidane converted a controversial penalty kick. Several Portuguese players challenged the awarding of the penalty for a handball and were given lengthy suspensions for shoving the referee. In Britain, Match of the Day named Stefano Fiores goal against Belgium the Goal of the Tournament, ahead of Patrick Kluiverts against France, qualification for the tournament took place throughout 1998 and 1999. Forty-nine teams were divided into nine groups and each played the others in their group, the winner of each group and the best runner-up qualified automatically for the final tournament.
The eight other runners-up played a set of play-off matches to determine the last four qualifiers. Belgium and the Netherlands automatically qualified for the tournament as co-hosts, the following 16 teams participated in the tournament, The composition of pots 1 to 3 was based on the teams UEFA coefficient at the end of 1999. The finals draw took place on 12 December 1999, the 16 national teams each stayed in their own team base camp during the tournament
Sergei Bogdanovich Semak is a Russian football manager and a former international midfielder of Ukrainian origins who is currently a manager of Ufa. Semak was born in the selo Sychanskoye in the Voroshilovgradskaya Oblast into a peasant family of modest economical background and he was an excellent student and had an ideal behavior. When he was a child his teachers would argue as to whether he would become a mathematician or a football player and he left Ukraine shortly before the USSR fall, but his parents stayed there. He would become a Russian naturalized citizen, but until today he uses to visit his bornland and his older brother Andrei Semak and younger brother Nikolai Semak are professional footballers. He started training football at the Luhansk football school, in 1992 he signed in FC Presnya Moscow who played in the Russian Top Division. After 19 matches he was sold to FC Karelia Petrozavodsk, in 1994 he was noted and signed by PFC CSKA Moscow. He became the captain and leader. With the club he won the Russian Premier League in 2003 and he left the club after it finished third in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League 2004–05 and did not move on to the knockout stage.
In 2005 he moved to Paris Saint-Germain FC, but failed to settle, after just one season he returned to Russia. In 2006 he signed for FC Moscow, where he stayed until 2008 when he moved to Rubin Kazan, in Rubin Semak was moved from the positions of striker and attacking midfielder to the position of a defensive midfielder. In Rubin he became the captain and leader of the team, in August 2010, he transferred to FC Zenit St. Petersburg. Semak made his debut in 1997 and took part in the 2002 FIFA World Cup in South Korea. Semak captained the Russia national team in their first Euro 2008 warm-up friendly against Kazakhstan, sergei Semak had a good performance in the crucial match against Greece and provided an assist for the only goal Russia scored with a skilled bicycle kick pass from a wide angle. After his retirement, Semak was named as assistant coach of Zenit Saint Petersburg and he was appointed interim coach of the club after the sacking of Luciano Spalletti on 10 March 2014. He held the position until 18 March when André Villas-Boas was appointed as the team manager, on 30 December 2016, he was appointed a manager of the Russian Premier League club FC Ufa.
Russias goal tally first. com Profile at RussiaTeam FIFA. com profile Statistics at KLISF
Prime Minister of Russia
The official residence of the prime minister is Gorki-9 in Odintsovsky District, Moscow Oblast, but his working residence is in Moscow. Under Article 24 of the Federal Constitutional Law On the Government of the Russian Federation, the Russian Prime Minister is considered the second highest position in the government, after the President. Due to the role of the President of Russia in the political system. The use of the term Prime Minister is strictly informal and is never used by the Russian Constitution, Federal Laws, the current prime minister is Dmitry Medvedev of United Russia, who was appointed on May 8,2012. Since the office evolved rather than being created, it may not be totally clear-cut who was the first Prime Minister. However, these bodies had been only Advisory functions, and had no independence, the office of Chairman of those bodies were more decorative and do not bear any responsibility, simultaneously the position of Chairman could hold several people. For example, from 1726 to 1727, the government headed by six people simultaneously, Alexander Menshikov, Fyodor Apraksin, Gavriil Golovkin, Andrey Osterman, Dmitry Golitsyn and Pyotr Tolstoy.
From 1905 to 1917, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers, the modern post of Prime Minister appeared in 1905, after the transformation of the Committee of Ministers to the Council of Ministers. 6 November 1905, Sergei Witte was appointed the first Prime Minister of Russia, the position of Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire, lasted 12 years, during this time,7 people took this post. The position was abolished after the Russian revolution, the abdication of Nicholas II from the throne, during the Russian Provisional Government in 1917, the official title of the prime minister was Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government. This position was held by two people, Georgy Lvov and Alexander Kerensky. The position lasted about six months, and after the October Revolution, was replaced by Chairman of the Council of peoples Commissars of the Russian SFSR. In the era of the Soviet Union, the head of government was the Chairman of the Council of Peoples Commissars, people who held those positions are sometimes referred to as the prime ministers.
They may have referred to as Premier of Ministers. Currently, the title is the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation. After the election of Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, the head of the government was personally Yeltsin and he headed the Russian SFSR Council of Ministers about six months. In fact, Yeltsin was the first Head of Government of Russia after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, after Yeltsin, Acting Prime Minister became Yegor Gaidar, but the Russian Supreme Soviet refused to approve him as Prime Minister. 14 December 1992, the Prime Minister was appointed Viktor Chernomyrdin, in general, the Prime Minister serves more of an administrative role, nominating members of the Cabinet and implementing domestic policy
Slovenia national football team
The Slovenia national football team is the national football team of Slovenia and is controlled by the Football Association of Slovenia. The team played its first match in 1992 after the split of Yugoslavia in 1991, Slovenia was a surprise qualifier for UEFA Euro 2000, when they beat Ukraine in a playoff. The team drew with Yugoslavia and Norway, and lost to Spain 2–1, Slovenia achieved another major success two years later, qualifying for the 2002 World Cup, this time defeating Romania in a playoff. The team did not lose a match in its qualifying campaign, recording six wins and six draws. Despite failing to qualify for the 2006 World Cup, it was the team to beat eventual winner Italy with a 1–0 victory on home turf. In November 2009, Slovenia defeated Russia in a playoff to clinch a berth in the 2010 FIFA World Cup, before Slovenian independence in 1991, the Slovenian national team existed only as a regional team not officially recognized by FIFA. It had a status as the Catalonia national football team.
The team had mostly played matches against teams from other republics of SFR Yugoslavia and was represented by Slovenian players under the traditional colours of white, blue. The first football clubs were formed at the beginning of the 20th century during the period when most of the territory of present-day Slovenia was still within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the end of the World War I, along with Croatia, joined the Kingdom of Serbia forming the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes, which would be renamed into Yugoslavia in 1929. On 24 April 1920, the Ljubljana Football Subassociation was formed as the Slovenian branch of the Yugoslav Football Association, the winner of the Ljubljana Subassociation League had access to the Yugoslav Championship. On 23 June 1921 the Slovenian capital Ljubljana hosted a match between the French national team and selection of players from Slovenian clubs, the Chef de Mission of the guests was the acting FIFA President, Jules Rimet, who initiated the first World Cup tournament.
France won 5–0 and, although the match was not official by international standards, it was, at least in Slovenia, in 1991, Slovenia was the first of the republics, alongside Croatia, to gain independence from Yugoslavia. With the recognition of the new country by the community the team was recognized by FIFA and UEFA. The new Slovenian national football team played its first FIFA-recognized game on 3 June 1992 in Tallinn against Estonia, the match ended in a 1–1 draw, with Igor Benedejčič scoring the first goal for the new team. The first coach of the team was Bojan Prašnikar, from 1994–1997 the team coach was Zdenko Verdenik, who was the first to lead the team through qualifications for a major tournament. In a group with Italy, Ukraine and Estonia the team had mild success, Verdenik coached the team through qualifications for France 1998. In a tough group with Croatia, Denmark and Bosnia and Herzegovina the team finished last with one point on eight matches