The Republic of Sakha is a federal Russian republic. It had a population of 958,528 at the 2010 Census ethnic Yakuts and Russians. Comprising half the Far Eastern Federal District, it is the largest subnational governing body by area in the world at 3,083,523 square kilometers, its capital is the city of Yakutsk. It is known for its extreme and severe climate, with the lowest temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere being recorded in Verkhoyansk and Delyankir, regular winter averages being below −35 °C in Yakutsk; the hypercontinental tendencies result in warm summers for much of the republic. Borders: internal: Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Magadan Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, Irkutsk Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai. Water: Arctic Ocean. Highest point: Peak Pobeda, Mus-Khaya Mountain Peak Maximum N->S distance: 2,500 km Maximum E->W distance: 2,000 km Sakha stretches to the Henrietta Island in the far north and is washed by the Laptev and Eastern Siberian Seas of the Arctic Ocean.
These waters, the coldest and iciest of all seas in the Northern Hemisphere, are covered by ice for 9–10 months of the year. New Siberian Islands are a part of the republic's territory. After Nunavut was separated from Canada's Northwest Territories, Sakha became the largest subnational entity in the world, with an area of 3,083,523 square kilometers smaller than the territory of India. Sakha can be divided into three great vegetation belts. About 40% of Sakha lies above the Arctic circle and all of it is covered by permafrost which influences the region's ecology and limits forests in the southern region. Arctic and subarctic tundra define the middle region, where lichen and moss grow as great green carpets and are favorite pastures for reindeer. In the southern part of the tundra belt, scattered stands of dwarf Siberian pine and larch grow along the rivers. Below the tundra is the vast taiga forest region. Larch trees dominate in the north and stands of fir and pine begin to appear in the south.
Taiga forests cover about 47% of Sakha and 90% of the cover is larch. The Sakha Republic is the site of Pleistocene Park, a project directed at recreating Pleistocene tundra grasslands by stimulating the growth of grass with the introduction of animals which thrived in the region during the late Pleistocene — early Holocene period. Sakha Republic is the only subject of Russia. Sakha spans three time zones: Yakutsk Time Zone. Covers the republic's territory to the west of the Lena River as well as the territories of the districts located on both sides of the Lena River. Vladivostok Time Zone. Covers most of the republic's territory located between 140 ° E longitude. Districts: Oymyakonsky, Ust-Yansky, Verkhoyansky. Magadan Time Zone. Covers most of the republic's territory located east of 140°E longitude. Districts: Abyysky, Momsky, Srednekolymsky, Verkhnekolymsky. Navigable Lena River, as it moves northward, includes hundreds of small tributaries located in the Verkhoyansk Range. Other major rivers include: Vilyuy River Lena River tributary Olenyok River Aldan River Lena River tributary Kolyma River Indigirka River Alazeya River Amga River Aldan River tributary Olyokma River Lena River tributary Markha River Vilyuy River tributary Tyung River Vilyuy River tributary Maya River Aldan River tributary Anabar River Yana River Morkoka River Markha River tributary Uchur River Aldan River tributary Linde River Lena River tributary Nyuya River Lena River tributary Selennyakh River Indigirka River tributary There are over 800,000 lakes in the republic.
Major lakes and reservoirs include: Lake Mogotoyevo Lake Nedzheli Lake Nerpichye Vilyuyskoye Reservoir Sakha's greatest mountain range, the Verkhoyansk Range, runs parallel and east of the Lena River, forming a great arc that begins in the Sea of Okhotsk and ends in the Laptev Sea. The Chersky Range has the highest peak in Sakha, Peak Pobeda; the second highest peak is Peak Mus-Khaya reaching 3,011 m. The Stanovoi Range borders Sakha in the south; the Republic's extensive coastline contains a number of peninsulas. The soil contains large reserves of oil, coal, gold, tin and many others. Sakha p
Dudinka is a town on the Yenisei River and the administrative center of Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It used to be the administrative center of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug, merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai on January 1, 2007. Population: 22,175 , it was founded in 1667 as a winter settlement connected to Mangazeya. In 1930 it was designated the administrative center of the Taimyr Dolgan-Nenets National Region. In 1935, the polar explorer Otto Schmidt recommended. By 1937, the port facilities and a railroad to Norilsk were completed. Town status was granted in 1951. Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dudinka serves as the administrative center of Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District; as an administrative division, it is, together with five rural localities, incorporated within Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District as the district town of Dudinka. As a municipal division, the district town of Dudinka is incorporated within Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky Municipal District as Dudinka Urban Settlement.
Dudinka processes and sends cargo via Norilsk railway to the Norilsk Mining and Smelting Factory and ships non-ferrous metals and ore. In 1969, the Messoyakha-Dudinka-Norilsk natural gas pipeline was laid. Dudinka is a port in the lower reaches of the Yenisei River, accessible to seagoing ships; the town is served by the Dudinka Airport. Near Dudinka there is a 462-meter tall radio mast, used for the CHAYKA radio navigation system, it is a grounded mast with a rhombic cage antenna. Despite lying more than a degree and a half above the Arctic Circle, Dudinka has a subarctic climate with short, mild summers and cold winters. Precipitation is moderate; the Taymyr ice arena is the newly-built ice figure skating and curling facility in Dudinka. It is the northernmost ice arena in the world, fit for holding high-level, international events; the spectators capacity of the arena is 350 seats. The 2017 CCT Arctic Cup took place in the city of Dudinka at the Taymyr ice arena on May 18–22, 2017, it was the first-ever international curling tournament among women teams beyond the Arctic Circle.
The event was held with participation of 8 strongest teams from the northern countries, located at the 69th parallel. Participant teams included Russian National Team, Team Krasnoyarsk, Team Canada, Team USA, Team Finland. A wild card from the Organizing Committee was granted to Team Switzerland. Since 2017 Dudinka becomes the place where the international Arctic Curling Cup tournament takes place annually; the test event for this tournament was TAYMYR CURLING CUP 2016. The first-ever curling tournament among men teams beyond the Arctic Circle took place in Dudinka on May 26–30, 2016; the tournament was held as a test event for the Arctic Curling Cup. Six strongest Russian men teams took part in the event. In 2018 Dudinka held the final tour of the international Arctic Curling Cup. 10 strongest teams, 3 of which were Russian, were competing in double-mixed. Maria Komarova and Daniel Goryachov received bronze medals in this tournament. Dudinka is the birthplace of famous Russian poet Olga Martynova.
Petr Yan, UFC bantamweight fighter. Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route Yenisei Gulf Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №10-4765 от 10 июня 2010 г. «О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края», в ред. Закона №7-3007 от 16 декабря 2014 г. «Об изменении административно-территориального устройства Большеулуйского района и о внесении изменений в Закон края "О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края"». Вступил в силу 1 июля 2010 г. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №33, 5 июля 2010 г.. Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №2-54 от 9 февраля 2012 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Таймырский Долгано-Ненецкий муниципальный район и находящихся в его границах иных муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №5-1826 от 21 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Законы края об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований Красноярского края».
Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №8/1 и №8/2, 6 марта 2012 г.. General Facts about Dudinka Weather in Dudinka Cruise on the Yenisey
Chayka is a Russian terrestrial radio navigation system, similar to LORAN-C. It operates on similar frequencies around 100 kHz, uses the same techniques of comparing both the envelope and the signal phase to determine location; the systems differ in details. Chayka, like LORAN-C, uses different pulse repetition frequencies to allow the identification of different stations operating on the same frequencies. There are 5 Chayka chains in use: GRI 8000 — Western Russia Chayka Chain GRI 7950 — Eastern Russia Chayka Chain GRI 5980 — Russian-American Chayka Chain GRI 5960 — Northern Chayka Chain GRI 4970 — North-Western Chayka Chain And North-Caucasian, South-Ural, Angarsk, Transbaikalian, Far East chains deployed on the basis of low-power mobile stations RSDN-10; the following Chayka transmitters work with high power and may use tall mast antennas. The masts at Dudinka and Taymylyr were 460 metres high. LORAN, the Western counterpart of Chayka Alpha, the Russian counterpart of the Omega Navigation System, still in use as of 2006.
OMEGA, the Western counterpart of the Alpha Navigation System, no longer in use. Russian 460 metre radio mast
Inta is a town in the Komi Republic, Russia. Population: 32,080 . Inta was founded circa 1940 as a settlement to support a geological expedition to explore coal deposits and projecting of mines The city's name is in the Nenets language and means'well-watered place.' During the Soviet era, a "corrective labor camp", was located here. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two urban-type settlements and twenty rural localities, incorporated as the town of republic significance of Inta—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts; as a municipal division, the town of republic significance of Inta is incorporated as Inta Urban Okrug. It is served by the Kotlas -- Vorkuta railway line. Inta is situated on the banks of the river Bolshoya Inta. At Inta, there is a CHAYKA-transmitter with a 460-meter tall guyed mast, the second-tallest structure in Europe. Birthplace of Soviet national hockey team player Viktor Zhluktov Birthplace of Belarusian national hockey team, NHL, KHL player Vladimir Tsyplakov Государственный Совет Республики Коми.
Закон №13-РЗ от 6 марта 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Коми», в ред. Закона №171-РЗ от 26 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Верхняя Седка, расположенного на территории Прилузского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №44, 16 марта 2006 г.. Государственный Совет Республики Коми. Закон №11-РЗ от 5 марта 2005 г. «О территориальной организации местного самоуправления в Республике Коми», в ред. Закона №171-РЗ от 26 декабря 2014 г. «Об упразднении населённого пункта Верхняя Седка, расположенного на территории Прилузского района Республики Коми, и внесении в связи с этим изменений в некоторые Законы Республики Коми». Вступил в силу 1 апреля 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Республика", №44–45, 17 марта 2005 г
Moscow Radio Centre 13
Moscow Radio Centre 13 is a transmission facility near Balashikha 3.5 km east of the ringbelt motorway of Moscow. Moscow Radio Centre 13 served in the communist era as jammer to block transmissions of western shortwave radio programs. Although the radio wave jammer activities ceased in the middle of the 1980s, some occasional continuing of the jammer use occurred on March 14, 1989 to block incoming transmissions to the Lithuanian minority in Moscow area. In years, a tall, 176 m freestanding lattice tower for transmissions was built in OIRT-band. In 2005, a new mast for FM-broadcasting was built by the Russian company Stako; this mast, called Balashikha Transmission Mast', has a triangular cross section, 3.6 m in width. The construction planned for the mast to reach a height of 460 m and contain six floors, however the mast has only reached a height of 300 m and is constructed of 4 levels. In the meantime, shortwave transmission was ceased at Moscow Radio Centre 13; the shortwave broadcasting masts were dismantled between 2002 and 2007.
Russian 460 metre radio mast List of Russian-language radio stations http://skyscraperpage.com/diagrams/?b41791,69873 http://www.tvtower.ru/311_RCMO/rc13.shtml Balashikha Transmission Mast at Structurae Site on Google Maps: Mast was not built, when picture was mase, but smaller tower visible