Schiltigheim is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. The inhabitants are called Schilikois in Scheligemer in Alsatian, it is the largest suburb of the city of Strasbourg, is adjacent to it on Strasbourg's north side. In 2006, Schiltigheim was the third-largest town in the Bas-Rhin and the fifth-largest in Alsace, with a total population of 31,239; the town dates back to the 9th century, when it grew around the Sciltung castle and the Bothebür chapel in a place called Skitingsdtböhel. The present or former home of a number of breweries, Schiltigheim is known for the "fête de la bière" beer festival in August. Christian Ernst Stahl, born in Schiltigheim Ernst Barthel born in Schiltigheim, mathematician, inventor Jean Weissenbach and director of research at CNRS. Was at the primary school Exen Schiltigheim. Leads the Genoscope in Évry. In April 2010, the town of Schiltigheim awarded him the title of honorary citizen. Yvon Riemer, member of Olympia Schiltigheim.
World champion Greco-Roman wrestling in 1995, silver in 1999 and bronze in 1991 and 1993. 5th Olympic Games in Barcelona in 1992 Thomas Voeckler, born in 1979 in Schiltigheim Bruno Spengler, racing driver, born in 1983 in Schiltigheim Pierre-Hugues Herbert, French tennis player, 4-time doubles Grand Slam champion Communes of the Bas-Rhin department Official website
Chavagnes International College
Chavagnes International College is a Catholic school for boys in Chavagnes-en-Paillers, France. Founded in 1802 by Louis-Marie Baudouin the school was re-fashioned an "international college" in 2002; the school's language of instruction is English, it prepares pupils for British GCSEs and A-levels, with the French Brevet and Baccalauréat as options. The College claims to be a traditional English school in France. Although pupils come from Britain and other English-speaking countries there are more and more pupils from France. In this international environment, modern languages are strong, with many boys taking GCSE languages one or two years early. Older boys speak several languages fluently. Chavagnes en Paillers has a long history of association with England, with a general attitude of welcoming outsiders; the motto on the official arms of the village comes from the 133rd Psalm:'Habitare fratres in unum' The land on which the College is built, near to the site of a Roman villa, was given to a community of Benedictine monks in the thirteenth century by the Anglo-French family, Harpedan de Belleville, who ruled the area.
The monastery built at that time was dedicated to St Anthony of the founder of monasticism. The monastery received a canonical visitation from a Papal Legate, Bertrand de Got in the late 12th century, he subsequently became the first Pope at Avignon, Clement V. In the years that followed, Chavagnes saw many upheavals. In the nineteenth century, its walls housed the first junior seminary in France after the Revolution, founded by the Venerable Louis-Marie Baudouin in 1802. Father Baudouin recounted a prophecy whispered to him by a dying priest, renowned for his sanctity: "il y aura toujours un séminaire à Chavagnes"; this legend would inspire several successful attempts to keep the seminary open against the will of the Emperor Napoleon, the Fourth Republic and the Nazis. Recognised by Napoleon, under the authority of the diocesan bishop, it received a royal charter from Charles X in 1825, as the ‘Ecclesiastical school of Chavagnes’, during the brief period of the restored Bourbon monarchy; the buildings were confiscated from the Church in 1905 as part of the anti-clerical crackdown throughout France.
The priests involved with educating the boys at Chavagnes were exiled to Shaftesbury in Dorset. In 1912 the buildings were bought back by a local aristocrat, the Comte de Suzannet, reopened as a junior seminary, much to the chagrin of the Paris authorities; the College was shared between German soldiers and junior seminarians during World War II, housing a small garrison and a military hospital. A machine-gun was placed in the clock tower, dominating the village, but the Nazi soldiers turned a blind eye to over 50 Jewish children sheltered by local families until the liberation; the villagers were so good at keeping a secret regarding the hidden Jewish children, that the information only emerged in the 1990s. Chavagnes of the Popes Shortly after the Second World War the College received the visit of Angelo Cardinal Roncalli, Papal Nuncio in Paris; the Mayor, Mr Gilbert de Guerry de Beauregard, gave a welcome speech in which he alluded to the previous visit of a Papal Legate in the 12th Century and mentioned that the last one had become a Pope.
He suggested that Cardinal Roncalli might share the same destiny. Roncalli became. In an interesting turn, the Pope of the day, Pius XII sent a long letter of greeting to the people of Chavagnes, referring to the historic faith of the people of the Vendée area, in the wake of this visit; the letter was signed by a substitute, by the name of Martini Pope Paul VI. In 1997, as had happened many times before in the history of Chavagnes, the building closed its doors for a time. In 1999 the buildings housed 50 refugees from Kosovo. In September 2002, with the support of the local Bishop, a group of English, American and Irish teachers, led by Ferdi McDermott, reopened the school, but with a different, international emphasis. In 2004, two founding Masters of Chavagnes International College, Robert Asch and Ferdi McDermott, were invited to visit Cardinal Ratzinger in Rome. Cardinal Ratzinger blessed rosaries for the boys at the College and expressed the hope that his forthcoming retirement would enable him to work more with his visitors.
Cardinal Ratzinger became Pope, as Benedict XVI, making him the fourth Pope with a particular link to this remote French village and with its little "ecclesiastical school". In one of his last acts as Pope, Benedict XVI gave the title Venerable to Father Baudouin on 20 December 2012; the arms of the College combine those on the second Great Seal of King Richard I of England, used by his successors until 1340 with the French fleurs-de-lis and the ecclesiastical mitre: "Dexter, Gules three lions passant guardant Or. Richard I of England, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Count of Nantes, Overlord of Brittany, ruled Poitou at the time of the foundation of the original monastery in Chavagnes, founded other monasteries himself in the surrounding area, including a Priory of Grandmont; these arms of England are combined with the right hand side representing the recognition of the French monarchy under Charles X and the patronage of Bishops of Luç
Erstein is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region in France. Erstein was known in Alsace in the Middle Age for its Benedictine Abbey. An Ancient Roman village, its existence had been attested to by the Merovingian. Endingen am Kaiserstuhl São João de Loure Laure Diebold, Compagnon de la Libération, was born in Erstein François-Joseph d'Offenstein French general, was born in Erstein Communes of the Bas-Rhin department INSEE commune file
Schirmeck is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is the location of the Alsace-Moselle Memorial museum; the name of the town means "protected place". In Lorraine dialect it is called "Chermec"; the inhabitants are known as "Schirmeckois". The town is situated in the Vosges mountains; the commune extends over 1142 hectares from the Petit Donon to the Bruche, from the Grandfontaine stream to the Tommelsbach stream, taking in the Evêché hills, 832m high. The area is mountainous and belongs to the Devonian Dinant primary rocks, made up of a series of schists and grauwackes in an irregular flow created at the bottom of a sea, shaken by volcanic eruptions. Most of the territory is covered by forest, on steep slopes, but rich in mineral deposits iron and manganese; the town is narrowly confined between the mountain side and the Bruche river, so a 610-metre road tunnel has been built in order to relieve traffic congestion. The bypass was opened on 28 January 2007.
In 1315, the town was mentioned as Schirmecke in a founding charter of the collegial church of Haslach. It reappeared in the description of the boundaries of the lands of the abbey of Senones, under the name Neufville en Barembax; the town was hardly more without any known privileges such as markets or freedoms. It was dependent on the See of Strasbourg but occupied a strategic position on the Bruche, at the crossing of busy roads linking Alsace to Lorraine; the German name Schirmeck was only adopted in the acts of chancelry from 1348. The lands on which the town grew up was a former possession of the Counts of Norgau, acquired from the last of the line in 1239 by Berthold 1st of Buchhegg, bishops of Strasbourg, it was towards the end of the thirteenth century. The Bishop of Strasbourg Johann 1st of Dirpheim surrounded it by walls that were still in place in 1666, built a bishop's castle; the castle and town controlled the Duchy of Lorraine. A toll for crossing the Bruche was mentioned for the first time in 1350.
By this time a municipal government structure was in place, headed by a Schultheiss, an officer representing the bishop. An important toll was set up on the pass between the Great and Small Donon. Through there several thousand heads of cattle passed in fifty years, according to a witness statement made by an inhabitant of Harbouey in 1579. Long-distance trade routes linking the animal markets of Frankfurt and Nuremberg brought wine, cereals, sheep, pigs and horses through the town. Communes of the Bas-Rhin department INSEE commune file
Strasbourg is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament. Located at the border with Germany in the historic region of Alsace, it is the capital of the Bas-Rhin department. In 2016, the city proper had 279,284 inhabitants and both the Eurométropole de Strasbourg and the Arrondissement of Strasbourg had 491,409 inhabitants. Strasbourg's metropolitan area had a population of 785,839 in 2015, making it the ninth largest metro area in France and home to 13% of the Grand Est region's inhabitants; the transnational Eurodistrict Strasbourg-Ortenau had a population of 915,000 inhabitants in 2014. Strasbourg is one of the de facto capitals of the European Union, as it is the seat of several European institutions, such as the Council of Europe and the Eurocorps, as well as the European Parliament and the European Ombudsman of the European Union; the city is the seat of the Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine and the International Institute of Human Rights.
Strasbourg's historic city centre, the Grande Île, was classified a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988, the first time such an honour was placed on an entire city centre. Strasbourg is immersed in Franco-German culture and although violently disputed throughout history, has been a cultural bridge between France and Germany for centuries through the University of Strasbourg the second largest in France, the coexistence of Catholic and Protestant culture, it is home to the largest Islamic place of worship in France, the Strasbourg Grand Mosque. Economically, Strasbourg is an important centre of manufacturing and engineering, as well as a hub of road and river transportation; the port of Strasbourg is the second largest on the Rhine after Germany. Before the 5th century, the city was known as Argantorati, a Celtic Gaulish name Latinized first as Argentorate, as Argentoratum; that Gaulish name is a compound of -rati, the Gaulish word for fortified enclosures, cognate to the Old Irish ráth, arganto-, the Gaulish word for silver, but any precious metal gold, suggesting either a fortified enclosure located by a river gold mining site, or hoarding gold mined in the nearby rivers.
After the 5th century, the city became known by a different name Gallicized as Strasbourg. That name is of Germanic origin and means "Town of roads"; the modern Stras- is cognate to the German Straße and English street, all of which are derived from Latin strata, while -bourg is cognate to the German Burg and English borough, all of which are derived from Proto-Germanic *burgz. Gregory of Tours was the first to mention the name change: in the tenth book of his History of the Franks written shortly after 590 he said that Egidius, Bishop of Reims, accused of plotting against King Childebert II of Austrasia in favor of his uncle King Chilperic I of Neustria, was tried by a synod of Austrasian bishops in Metz in November 590, found guilty and removed from the priesthood taken "ad Argentoratensem urbem, quam nunc Strateburgum vocant", where he was exiled. Strasbourg is situated at the eastern border of France with Germany; this border is formed by the Rhine, which forms the eastern border of the modern city, facing across the river to the German town Kehl.
The historic core of Strasbourg however lies on the Grande Île in the river Ill, which here flows parallel to, 4 kilometres from, the Rhine. The natural courses of the two rivers join some distance downstream of Strasbourg, although several artificial waterways now connect them within the city; the city lies in the Upper Rhine Plain, at between 132 metres and 151 metres above sea level, with the upland areas of the Vosges Mountains some 20 km to the west and the Black Forest 25 km to the east. This section of the Rhine valley is a major axis of north–south travel, with river traffic on the Rhine itself, major roads and railways paralleling it on both banks; the city is some 397 kilometres east of Paris. The mouth of the Rhine lies 450 kilometres to the north, or 650 kilometres as the river flows, whilst the head of navigation in Basel is some 100 kilometres to the south, or 150 kilometres by river. In spite of its position far inland, Strasbourg's climate is classified as oceanic, but a "semicontinental" climate with some degree of maritime influence in relation to the mild patterns of Western and Southern France.
The city has warm sunny summers and cool, overcast winters. Precipitation is elevated from mid-spring to the end of summer, but remains constant throughout the year, totaling 631.4 mm annually. On average, snow falls 30 days per year; the highest temperature recorded was 38.5 °C in August 2003, during the 2003 European heat wave. The lowest temperature eve
Bouxwiller is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. Meaning "Bucco's land", Bouxwiller is the capital of the Bouxwiller canton and is located within the Saverne arrondissement about 34 kilometres northwest of Strasbourg; the earliest known mention of Bouxwiller dates to 724 AD. In the 13th century, the town came into possession of the Lichtenberg family, who constructed the Château de Bouxwiller here in the early 14th century. Bouxwiller was the capital of the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg, residence of the Counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg, throughout its existence from 1480–1736; the Château de Bouxwiller was pillaged during the French Revolution and its remnants were gone by the early 19th century. In 1973, the villages of Griesbach-le-Bastberg and Riedheim were incorporated into the commune of Bouxwiller. Puxuvilare is the earliest spelling of the town, as mentioned in 724. In 737, Buxwilari and Buxovillare were used. Buchsweiler became the standard German spelling.
The spelling of the town is Busswiller in Alsatian. The current spelling of the town's name dates to the French Revolution. In 1792, the German spelling Buchsweiler—sometimes seen as Bouxweiler—was replaced with its French equivalent Bouxwiller. During the German annexation of Alsace from 1871–1918 and German annexation between 1940 and 1944, the town reverted to its German spelling Buchsweiler; the name of the town is composed of two elements: Boux- and -willer. The suffix -willer is the French spelling of the German -weiler, which derives from the Medieval Old High German suffix -willer, which in turn is derived from the Low Latin word villare and means "agricultural land"; the first element of the name, Boux-, is representative of the Germanic name Bucco, as toponyms incorporating the suffix -willer was combined with a personal name as the first element. The letter'X' represents the letters'ks', of which the's' is the Saxon genitive that appeared in toponyms in the region in the late Middle Ages.
Thus, a probable meaning of the town's name is "Bucco's land". An alternative folk etymology of the town name is that the name is a combination of Buchs-, the German word for Buxus, -willer, thus meaning "land of boxwood". However, this origin is improbable considering the use of Puxuvilare in 724, since the Latin suffix -villare was not associated with vegetation. Tiles and pottery shards indicate the presence of Romans on Bastberg, where the remains of a laconicum were discovered in 1739; the earliest written mention of Bouxwiller was in 724, when Radolph and Eloïn gave the property of their respective mothers located in Puxuvilare to the Wissembourg Abbey. Bouxwiller came into the possession of the knights of Lichtenberg around 1260. Rudolf I of Germany elevated Bouxwiller to the rank of city to attract the allegiance of the Lichtenberg family; this status allowed Bouxwiller to have a city wall and host a market, among other new sources of revenue. In 1312, the city was described as an oppidum meaning a fortified city.
The Lichtenberg family built a moated castle in Bouxwiller—the Château de Bouxwiller—which was first mentioned in 1329, although it incorporated a chapel, mentioned in 1315, when it hosted funeral services for John the First of Lichtenberg. The chapel contained an epitaph and the tomb of John, Count of Werd and Landgrave of Lower Alsace, who died in 1376. Count Jacob of Lichtenberg died in 1480 without issue, leaving his territory to be divided among his nieces; the Bailiwick of Bouxwiller was inherited by Anne of Lichtenberg and her husband Philipp I of Hanau-Babbenhausen to become a part of the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Bouxwiller was the capital of the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg and residence of the Counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg throughout its existence from 1480–1736. After being looted during the German Peasants' War, the castle was renovated in the mid-sixteenth century by Philipp IV of Hanau-Lichtenberg and expanded with two new wings and lavish gardens. In June 1683, French King Louis XIV and his son Louis the Grand Dauphin made a stop in Bouxwiller and three years the city came under French control.
In 1736, the County of Hanau-Lichtenberg was transferred to Landgrave Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt becoming a part of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt. The Château de Bouxwiller became the residence of Louis IX's neglected wife Countess Caroline of Zweibrücken. During the French Revolution, the château was confiscated by the state and was pillaged in November 1793 by revolutionaries; the last remnants of the château were gone by the early 19th century. The medieval fortified city's two gates were razed in 1830. In 1787, there were about 400–500 households in Bouxwiller, of which there were 40–50 Catholic families, 40 Jewish families, over 300 families of the Augsburg Confession of the Lutheran Church. Mining brought prosperity to the commune in the nineteenth century, but ended in 1957. In 1973, the villages of Griesbach-le-Bastberg and Riedheim were incorporated into the commune of Bouxwiller; the presence of a Jewish population in the city is documented in 1322. The Hanau-Lichtenberg administration was tolerant of the Jews, allowing the presence of a yeshiva and beth din, which lasted from the 1760s until the French Revolution, the establishment of two Jewish cemeteries in the commune in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
In 1725, a census of the Jews in the city counted five widows. A large synagogue was built in Bouxwiller in 1844, it was defaced and damaged during the Second World War and the building now houses the Judeo-Alsatian M
Cité Scolaire Internationale Europole
CSI Grenoble, is a French public secondary school that houses a collège and lycée located in Grenoble, situated in close proximity to the Grenoble railway station and the World Trade Center of Grenoble. Although it has the word "international" in its name, it is not an international school per se, its lycée has a high pass rate for the French baccalaureate, due in part to its strict admissions procedures, including a rigorous language test conducted in either 6ème for entry to collège, or 2nd for entry to lycée. Entry to other grades is possible, though only for children arriving in Grenoble during the summer, once again a rigorous language test is used to evaluate pupils and to make selections where necessary; the school was created as a response to the high influx of international residents to Grenoble and was located in several school facilities throughout the Grenoble area. However, all language sections were moved by design to the new facility in the Europole neighborhood in the fall of 2001.
Europole provides an environment in which its students are able to receive an additional six to eight hours of intensive instruction in grammar and history in one of the above-mentioned languages, in addition to following a regular French secondary school education. Students have the possibility of graduating with a French OIB in any of the six languages offered; some language sections offer the possibility of receiving equivalent academic recognition from other countries, as for example, the German or the Italian sections. In addition to rigorous academics, Europole enjoys a copious number of partnerships with schools around the world with which it conducts exchanges, notably in Australia, the UK, Spain; the American School of Grenoble is housed at Europole, allows short-stay Anglophone students to continue to follow many subjects, notably math and science, according to the same content and methodology as found in the United States. Arabic. Pupils living in the Grenoble area are considered for admission to CSI at only two points: 6ème, or 2nd.
These are the first years of lycée respectively. Entry is based on a dossier detailing the pupil's prior educational results, as well as on oral and written tests including tests in the language of the desired section; these entrance tests take place in May each year. For those coming to Grenoble during the summer the situation is different, they can be considered for entry in their current year, to the extent that there are places available in the desired section. Once again entry is based on a dossier detailing the pupil's prior educational results, as well as on oral and written tests which may include tests in French and Mathematics for those who have been schooled outside France for more than a year; these tests take place in September, as soon as school resumes after the summer break, with an short schedule involving tests one day, results at the end of the following day, first meetings at the school the day after that. Note that a pupil in the collège at CSI is not guaranteed automatic entry to the lycée.
All pupils in 3ème wishing to continue to the lycée the following year are obliged to sit the same selection tests as those wishing to transfer to the lycée from other schools. Their level of competence in the language of their section is an important factor in this decision. In 2009 2/3 of the entrants to 2nd came from collège at CSI, while 1/3 of entrants were external candidates. List of international schools