Federal Drug Control Service of Russia
The Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation or FSKN was a federal law enforcement agency of executive authority responsible for drafting state policy, legal regulation and monitoring in combating trafficking drugs, psychotropic substances, their precursors. The Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation was specially authorized to address and solve problems relating to traffic in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances, their precursors. Was known as The Drugs Police; the FSKN shared concurrent jurisdiction with the Federal Security Service of Russia and MVD. The FSKN has sole responsibility for coordinating and pursuing Russian drug investigations abroad in Central Asia. On April 5, 2016 the Federal Drug Control Service was dissolved, its functions and authorities are transferred to Main Drugs Control Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; the first Anti-Drugs Independent Russian Agency was born on 24 September 2002 under the name "The State Committee for Combat the Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation".
On March 11, 2003 the State Committee for combat the illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation was transformed into the State Committee of Russian Federation to Monitor the Trafficking of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. That organization became the Federal Drug Control Service of Russia. Viktor Cherkesov was appointed to the chairman of the committee; the Committee passed the material base and the majority, staff number of the abolished Federal Tax Police Service of the Russian Federation. The Committee began its operations on July 1, 2003. On June 6, 2003, the Duma approved the Regulations on the State Committee of Russian Federation for the control of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. On March 9, 2004, The Russian Federal Drug Control Service was renamed the Federal Service of the Russian Federation for the control of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and on July 28, 2004, the Russian Federal Service for Control over Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances was renamed the Russian Federal Service for Drug Control.
On May 12, 2008, the President of Russia dismissed Viktor Cherkesov as Director of Russian Federal Drug Control Service. On May 15, 2008, President Dmitry Medvedev appointed the former KGB general Viktor Ivanov as a Director of Russian Federal Drug Control Service. On June 1, 2016 the FSKN will be replaced by the Main Directorate for Drugs Control of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. State Anti-Drugs Committee Federal Drug Control Service Directorate for Analytical Coordination Operative Directorate Operation and Search Directorate Directorate for coordination of Operative Activities Directorate for combating against Drug Crimes in Transportation Dorectorate for combating against illegal activities in narcotics sphere Directorate for combating against Money laundering Department for International Cooperation Investigative Department Dept. for Special Technic Activities Department for Internal Security Directorate for Special Communications Directorate for Special Purpose "Grom" Unit - A special unit designed to fight against illegal drugs crimes and Narco-Mafia Medical Directorate Directorate for Technic Support The main tasks of Russian Federal Drug Control Service are: monitoring the trafficking of drugs.
On February 16, 2008 the Decree of Russian President Vladimir Putin, the day on March 11 announced the official professional holiday - the Day of Drug Control Authorities. Criticism of the organization is related to legal collisions. For example, in 2004, the use of analgesic medication ketamine has been explicitly forbidden for use in veterinary clinics after it has been qualified as a drug of abuse. Veterinarians, to alleviate the suffering of animals, broke the law as a result of a conflict between the legal and moral implications; the most "sensational" case was the process of Alexandra Duque. Criticism is drawn by the Federal Drug Control Service rigging results of substance inspections, improper scheduling and using vague and unspecific drug analog laws Main Directorate for Drugs Control, successor DEA, the U. S. counterpart Global Commission on Drug Policy United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime International Narcotics Control Caucus International Narcotics Control Board Anti-Narcotics Force Two famous films were made in Russia about and paid by it: Tiski by Valery Todorovsky, starring Maksim Matveev, Fyodor Bondarchuk and Aleksey Serebryakov Antidur by Vladimir Shchegolkov.
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Ministry for Development of the Russian Far East
Ministry for Development of the Russian Far East and Arctic is a federal ministry in Dmitry Medvedev's government, established in May 21, 2012. The ministry is responsible for the social development of the Russian Far East. Viktor Ishayev Alexander Galushka Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Kozlov Official website
Ministry of Education and Science (Russia)
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation existed from March 2004 till May 2018. It oversaw scientific institutions and school accreditation in the Russian Federation; the agency had its headquarters in Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. The ministry managed Institutes of Higher Education of Russia, the State educational establishment, Center of the testing, National Information Center on Academic Recognition and Mobility; the last Minister was Olga Vasilyeva. In May 2018 it was decided to split this Ministry into the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education; the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation was established on March 9, 2004 by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation N 314. The MES of Russia acquired the functions relating to the adoption of regulatory legal acts in the sphere of activity of the abolished Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, the functions relating to the adoption of regulatory legal acts in the scientific field implemented by the abolished Ministry of Industry and Technologies of the Russian Federation, as well as the functions relating to the adoption of regulatory legal acts in the area of activities of the Russian Patents and Trade Marks Agency.
The MES of Russia was a federal body implementing the executive functions relating to the development of state policy and to legal regulation in the following spheres: scientific and technical and innovative activity, the development of federal centers of science and high technology, state scientific centers and so called "science-cities" and intellectual property, youth policy, education and tutorship, social support and social protection of students and pupils of educational institutions. The Ministry of Education and Science of Russia was a federal executive authority responsible for the state policy development and normative and legal regulation in the sphere of education, scientific and innovation activities, intellectual property, as well as in the sphere of nurturing, social support and social protection of students and pupils of educational institutions; the Ministry assumed responsibility for the demolished Federal Science and Innovations Agency and the Federal Education Agency as per the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on March 4, 2010 №271.
The work of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation was governed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal Constitutional Laws, Decrees by the President of the Russian Federation, international agreements concluded by the Russian Federation as well as the Statute of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia. The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation worked in cooperation with other federal executive bodies, executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, local authorities, public associations and other institutions. In 2008 the Russian Ministry of Education and the United States Department of Education embarked on their first joint education initiative, the FIPSE scholarship. US universities involved in the joint grant include Indiana University, University of Illinois, the University of Iowa, the University of Nebraska at Omaha. On May 15, the Ministry of Education and Science was split into the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.
The former will oversee the country’s grade schools and vocational schools, while the latter should manage universities and research institutions. The Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations, which managed the institutions of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2013—2018, would now become part of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education; the corresponding executive order was signed by the President Vladimir Putin. After splitting, the Russian abbreviation Minobrnauki of Russia implied the parent ministry, is henceforth used with respect to the child Ministry of Science and Higher Education. Official website Ministry of Education and Science Ministry of Education and Science Study in Russia Russian Education Ministry Information on Accreditation
Soviet Census (1979)
In January 1979, the Soviet Union conducted its first census in nine years. Between 1970 and 1979, the total Soviet population increased from 241,720,134 to 262,084,654, an increase of 8.42%. As in 1970, Ukrainians and Belarusians were the largest ethnic groups in the Soviet Union in 1979. There were 137,397,089 Russians, 42,347,387 Ukrainians, 12,455,978 Uzbeks, 9,462,715 Belarusians living in the Soviet Union in 1979. Meanwhile, the largest SSRs in the Soviet Union by population in 1979 were the Russian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, the Uzbek SSR, the Russian-plurality Kazakh SSR, the Byelorussian SSR; the Tajik SSR, Uzbek SSR, Turkmen SSRs were the fastest-growing SSRs between 1970 and 1979. During this time, the Tajik SSR grew by 31% while the Uzbek SSR grew by 30% and the Turkmen SSR grew by 28%. Overall, other parts of the Caucasus and Central Asia experienced large growth between 1970 and 1979 while the slowest-growing SSRs during this time were the Russian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, the Byelorussian SSR.
Between 1970 and 1979, the Soviet Union become more urban, with 62% of its total residents living in urban areas in 1979 in comparison to 56% in 1970. Indeed, there were 18 cities in the Soviet Union with over one million residents in 1979. In addition to this, the male to female ratio increased between 1970 and 1979. Indeed, while males only made up 46.1% of the Soviet Union's total population in 1970 (due to the continuing legacy of the massive Soviet casualties in World War II, this figure increased to 46.7% by 1979. Overall, between 1970 and 1979, the total Soviet population increased from 241,720,134 to 262,084,654, an increase of 8.42%. Between 1970 and 1979, the Soviet Jewish population fell by over 300,000, decreasing from 2,167,000 in 1970 to 1,833,000 in 1979; this fall was caused at least in part by the 1970s Soviet Union aliyah. Meanwhile, the ethnic German population in the Soviet Union increased from 1,846,317 in 1970 to 1,936,214 in 1979
Soviet Census (1989)
The 1989 Soviet census, conducted between 12-19 January of that year, was the last one that took place in the former USSR. The census found the total population to be 286,730,819 inhabitants. In 1989, the Soviet Union ranked as the third most populous in the world, above the United States, although it was well behind China and India. In 1989, about half of the Soviet Union's total population lived in the Russian SFSR, one-sixth of them in Ukraine. Two-thirds of the population was urban, leaving the rural population with 34.3%. In this way, its gradual increase continued, as shown by the series represented by 47.9%, 56.3% and 62.3% of 1959, 1970 and 1979 respectively. The last two national censuses showed that the country had been experiencing an average annual increase of about 2.5 million people, although it was a slight decrease from a figure of around 3 million per year in the previous intercensal period, 1959-1970. This post-war increase had contributed to the USSR's partial demographic recovery from the significant population loss that the USSR had suffered during the Great Patriotic War, before it, during Stalin's Great Purge of 1936-1938.
The previous postwar censuses, conducted in 1959, 1970 and 1979, had enumerated 208,826,650, 241,720,134, 262,436,227 inhabitants respectively. In 1990, the Soviet Union was more populated than both the United States and Canada together, having some 40 million more inhabitants than the U. S. alone. However, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in late 1991, the combined population of the 15 former Soviet republics stagnated at around 290 million inhabitants for the period 1995-2000; this significant slowdown may in part be due to the remarkable socio-economic changes that followed the disintegration of the USSR, that have tended to reduce more the decreasing birth rates. The next census was planned for 1999. Demographics of the Soviet Union Republics of the Soviet Union Soviet Census First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union Soviet Union Barbara A. Anderson and Brian D. Silver, "Growth and diversity of the population of the Soviet Union", The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 510, No.
1, 155-177, 1990. Ralph S. Clem, Ed. Research Guide to Russian and Soviet Censuses, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986. John C. Dewdney, "Population change in the Soviet Union, 1979-1989," Geography, Vol. 75, Pt. 3, No. 328, July 1990, 273-277. Subjects of Russia, on the www.statoids.com website
President of Russia
The President of Russia the President of the Russian Federation, is the head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces. In 1991, the office was known as the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic until 25 December 1991. According to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the President of Russia was head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. In all cases where the President of the Russian Federation is unable to fulfill his duties, they shall be temporarily delegated to the Prime Minister of Russia, who becomes Acting President of Russia; the Chairman of the Federation Council is the third important position after the President and the Prime Minister. In the case of incapacity of both the President and Prime Minister, the chairman of the upper house of parliament becomes acting head of state.
The power includes execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal ministers, diplomatic and judicial officers, concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the State Duma and the Federation Council. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, to convene and adjourn the Federal Assembly under extraordinary circumstances; the president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Russian Federation. The president is elected directly through a popular vote to a six-year term; the law prohibits anyone from being elected to the presidency for a third consecutive term. In all, three individuals have served four presidencies spanning six full terms. In May 2012, Vladimir Putin became the fourth president. A candidate for office must be a citizen of the Russian Federation, at least 35 years old and has "permanently resided" in Russia for at least 10 years; the Constitution of Russia limits the election of one person to the Presidency to two consecutive terms.
Since the constitution contains no ruling on a total number of terms that a President may serve, a former president may seek re-election after sitting out one complete term. The election of the President is regulated by the Presidential Election Law and the Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights; the Federation Council calls the presidential elections. If it does not call a presidential election, due, the Central Election Commission will call the presidential election; the Election Day is the second Sunday of the month and the presidential electoral constituency is the territory of the Russian Federation as a whole. Each faction in the State Duma, the lower house of the Russian parliament has the right to nominate a candidate for the presidential elections; the minimum number of signatures for a presidential candidate fielded by a political party with no parliamentary representation is 100,000, down from 2 million before amendments to the law. Terms were extended from four during Dmitry Medvedev's administration.
The President is elected in a two-round system every six years, with a two consecutive term limitation. If no candidate wins by an absolute majority in the first round, a second election round is held between two candidates with the most votes; the last presidential election was in 2018, the next is expected in 2024. Inauguration of the President of Russia is conducted six years after the previous inauguration. If the President was elected in early elections, he takes the oath, thirty days after the announcement of the results. Before executing the powers of the office, a president is constitutionally required to take the presidential oath:I swear in exercising the powers of the President of the Russian Federation to respect and safeguard the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to observe and protect the Constitution of the Russian Federation, to protect the sovereignty and independence and integrity of the State, to faithfully serve the people. Vacancies in the office of President may arise under several possible circumstances: death and removal from office.
In all cases when the President is unable to perform his duties, his powers are temporarily transferred to the Prime Minister until the new President takes office. After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president; these devices are used on special occasions. The first insignia, issued is the chain of office with an emblem; the central emblem is the red cross of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", with arms in equal size, charged with the Russian coat of arms. On the reverse of the cross, the words "Benefit and Glory" appear in the form of a circle. A golden wreath is used to connect the cross with the rest of the chain. There are 17 "links" in the emblem, with nine consisting of the Russian coat of arms; the other eight consist of a rosette bearing the motto "Benefit and Glory." At the inauguration of Vladimir Putin, the emblem was placed on a red pillow, positioned on the left side of the podium. According to the Presidential website, the emblem is placed inside the Kremlin and is used only on certain occasions.
The standard is a square version of the Russian flag, charged in the center with the Russian coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the stan
Federal Penitentiary Service
Federal Penitentiary Service - is the official name of the Russian federal prison authority responsible for security and maintenance of prisons in Russia. The organization was founded in 2004 as the successor to the Main Directorate of the Penitentiary of the MVD, transferred to the Ministry of Justice, its head office is in Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. Since June 2012 Gennady Kornienko is the head of the service; the first body, dealing with maintenance and security of detention and prison facilities in Russian Empire was the Main Prison Administration of the Russian Interior Ministry, first established on February 27, 1879. On December 13, 1895 the Department was part of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Empire, in April 1917 the prison system become to the Main Administration Penalties Sites. On 25 December 1917, the Prisons Administration was organized and in January 1918 became to the prisons directorate. In April 7, 1930 the Gulag was established, which existed until 1958.
In 1960, the Main Administration for Execution of Punishments was born under the Soviet Interior Ministry. In 2006 the organization became the Federal Service for Executions of Punishments and was placed under the Russian Ministry of Justice; the main tasks of the FSIN are: the execution, in accordance with Russian legislation penal, detention of persons suspected or accused of committing crimes, defendants. The FSIN Diggers use the Metro-2; the FSIN is headed by the Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service, who appointed and dismissed by the President of Russia on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. The Director is authorized to have six deputies, including one first deputy. Deputies director are dismissed by the President of the Russia. Yuri Kalinin Alexander Reimer (Appointed by then-President Dmitry Medvedev, he was the first to head the federal prison system without previous service. Gennady Korienko (Appointed by President Vladimir Putin to replace Reimer; until 2000, Russia was first in the world in the number of prisoners per 100,000 people.
However, the United States is now ranked as having the highest incarceration rate. In 2007, in the first time since 1917 was established the Military Rabbinate of Russia, Rabbi Aharon Gurevich was appointed to the chief military Rabbi, Rabbi Gurevich has served as the chief rabbi of the Russian Federal Prison system and Security forces. Federal Bureau of Prisons - The American counterpart Aharon Gurevich Saturn - Moscow FSIN department Special purpose unit "Saturn" Lgov Prison Official website The official news FSIN Official Community VKontakte Unofficial website of workers of The Russian Federal Penitentiary Service