Rusumo Falls is a waterfall located on the Kagera river on the border between Rwanda and Tanzania, part of the most distant headwaters of the river Nile. The falls are 15 m high and 40 m wide and have formed on Precambrian schists and quartz–phyllites. Although the falls themselves are not of significant height in comparison to other waterfalls, they have played an important part in the history of Rwanda because they form the only bridging point on the river in that area; the falls were the scene of the first arrival of Europeans in Rwanda in 1894, when the German count Gustav Adolf von Götzen came across from Tanzania. He continued from there to the palace of the Mwami at Nyanza, onward to the shores of Lake Kivu; the Belgians entered Rwanda via the falls, when they took over the country during World War I in 1916. The bridge at Rusumo was the only feasible crossing of the river at the time, the Germans had entrenched themselves on the Rwandan side. By taking up positions in the surrounding hills, the Belgians were able to remove these guards using mounted artillery opening up the route by which they invaded the rest of the country.
The falls gained international fame during the 1994 Rwandan genocide, as thousands of dead bodies flowed underneath the Rusumo Bridge while a simultaneous stream of refugees crossed over it, fleeing into Tanzania to escape the slaughter. This was one of the first mass outflows of the Great Lakes refugee crisis; the Kagera drains water from all areas of Rwanda except the far west, carried all the corpses, discarded into rivers nationwide. This led to a state of emergency being declared in areas around the shore of Lake Victoria in Uganda, where these bodies washed up. In 2013 the African Development Bank Group approved funding for the Regional Rusumo Falls Hydropower Project which will increase renewable power generating capacity and access to electricity in Tanzania and Burundi; the project has two components: an 80 MW hydropower generation plant and transmission lines and substations. The Bank finances the transmission facilities of Rusumo Falls Hydropower Project
The DC Streetcar is a surface streetcar network in Washington, D. C; as of 2017, it consists of only one line: a 2.2-mile segment running in mixed traffic along H Street and Benning Road in the city's Northeast quadrant. The streetcars are the first to run in the District of Columbia since the dismantling of the previous streetcar system in 1962; the District of Columbia began laying track in 2009 for two lines whose locations in Anacostia and Benning were chosen to revitalize blighted commercial corridors. The system is owned by the District of Columbia Department of Transportation; the system's H Street/Benning Road Line began public service on February 27, 2016. Between 1862 and 1962, streetcars in Washington, D. C. were a common mode of transportation, but the system was dismantled in the early 1960s as part of a switch to bus service. In the late 1990s, Metro began considering a series of rapid bus, light rail, streetcar projects throughout the Washington, D. C. metropolitan region as a means of providing intra-city and intra-regional mass transit and to meet the transit needs of the growing population of the area.
The first project was proposed for Alexandria, Virginia, in 1999. In January 2002, District of Columbia officials began studying the economic feasibility and costs of constructing a 33-mile long system of streetcars throughout the city; the project received Metro's backing. DDOT studied one or more "starter" lines. D. C. Council Member David Catania requested that DDOT study adding streetcars in the Anacostia neighborhood. DDOT issued a favorable report, the D. C. Council approved an expenditure of $310 million for the streetcar project in September 2002; the first line to be built would be a 7.2-mile "starter" streetcar line in Anacostia. The goal of the project was to bring light rail to Anacostia first, to provide a speedier, more cost-effective way to link the neighborhood with the rest of the city; the line was planned to run along the abandoned CSX railway tracks from the Minnesota Avenue Metro station to the Anacostia Metro station cross the 11th Street Bridges before connecting with the Navy Yard–Ballpark and Waterfront Metro stations.
DDOT planned to purchase diesel multiple unit cars from Colorado Railcar. Layton Lyndsey, reporting in The Washington Post, asserted the cars would be the first of their kind to be built in the United States and approved by the Federal Railroad Administration. Financing for the plan proved problematic; the same month that the D. C. government agreed to co-fund the streetcar project, Metro formally changed its strategic plan and proposed spending $12 billion over 10 years on rapid bus, light rail, streetcar projects throughout the D. C. area. Metro proposed allocating half the total amount to build the D. C. streetcar line, complete the Silver Line, build a streetcar line on Columbia Pike in Arlington County in Virginia, build a Purple Line light rail link between Bethesda and New Carrollton in Maryland. However and local governments said they were unable to fund Metro's proposal, the planned projects died; the District of Columbia subsequently decided to build the initial components of the DC Streetcar system on its own.
The Anacostia line was scaled back to a demonstration project just 2.7 miles in length with only four stations: Bolling Air Force Base, the Anacostia Metro station, the intersection of Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue SE and Good Hope Road SE, the Minnesota Avenue Metro station. DDOT began an environmental assessment of the CSX tracks in July 2003. In September 2004, Metro agreed to move ahead with the project, with construction to start in November 2004 and end in 2006. In December 2009, D. C. Councilmember Jim Graham proposed establishing a D. C. Transit Board to oversee the DC Circulator bus system as well as the DC Streetcar system; the board would oversee the establishment of routes and transit fares. In order to determine whether the local business community would support the streetcar project, several local real estate and commercial developers visited the Portland Streetcar system which operates in Portland, Oregon; the goal of the trip was to investigate whether streetcars had the intended positive economic consequences and whether the return on investment seemed worthwhile.
Local media reports indicated that the D. C. developers were impressed by the effect streetcars had on Portland's economic development. On August 22, 2011, DDOT announced the first streetcars would roll on the H Street line in the summer of 2013. In April 2014, DDOT estimated that the H Street Line would open in the fall of 2014. A temporary car barn at the former Spingarn High School was scheduled for completion in July. Testing of the system would take several weeks, the system would need to be certified for operation by the Federal Transit Administration, which would take another 60 to 80 days. DDOT said it needed to take delivery of a sixth streetcar in June, before any testing could begin. With a decision on the fare structure still months off, Council Member Marion Barry threatened to cancel all funding for all planned DC Streetcar lines. Barry argued that the rider subsidy was too high and that the $800 million planned for construction of the remaining lines could be better used for road maintenance and school construction.
The D. C. government owns six streetcars that serve the system, built by two manufacturers to similar designs. The
The Menil Collection, located in Neartown Houston, refers either to a museum that houses the private art collection of founders John de Menil and Dominique de Menil, or to the collection itself of 17,000 paintings, prints, drawings and rare books. While the bulk of the collection is made up of a once-private collection, Menil Foundation, Inc. is a tax-exempt, public charity corporation formed under Section 5013 of the Internal Revenue Code. Additionally the Menil receives public funds granted by the City of Houston, the State of Texas, the federal government through the National Endowment for the Arts; the museum's holdings are diverse, including early to mid-twentieth century works of Yves Tanguy, René Magritte, Max Ernst, Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso, among others. The museum maintains an extensive collection of pop art and contemporary art from Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol, Mark Rothko, Robert Rauschenberg, Vija Celmins and Cy Twombly, Jr. among others. Included in the museum's permanent collection are antiquities and works of Byzantine and tribal art.
The Renzo Piano-designed museum opened to the public in June 1987. It is governed by The Menil Foundation, Incorporated, a non-profit charitable corporation established in 1954 whose stated purpose was to promote understanding and culture through the arts; the Foundation pursued land banking to stabilize the neighborhood surrounding the museum, structured the administration and operations of the collection. With Dominique de Menil serving as president, early board members included the Menils' son Francois, daughter Philippa Pellizzi, Malcolm McCorquodale, Edmund Snow Carpenter, Miles Rudolph Glaser, Mickey Leland. Dominique de Menil ran the museum until her death in December 1997; the museum campus has grown to include two satellite galleries to the main building: Cy Twombly Gallery and The Dan Flavin Installation at Richmond Hall, which houses Dominique de Menil's last commission. Two other buildings founded by the de Menils, but now operating as independent foundations, complete the campus: The Byzantine Fresco Chapel and the Rothko Chapel.
The Menil Foundation began buying bungalow style homes in the area in the 1960s, painting each the same shade of gray to establish a commonality. When the museum building was constructed, it was painted what has become known as "Menil gray" to coordinate with the bungalows. Though subtle, the result is a neighborhood. In 2013, the landscape architect Michael Van Valkenburgh was appointed to enhance and expand the Menil Collection’s 30-acre campus; the master site plan, by David Chipperfield Architects, calls for the creation of additional green space and walkways. The Menil Collection is open to the public, admission is free; the Museum is open Wednesday through Sunday 11. It is located near the University of St. Thomas in the Neartown area of Houston; the Rothko Chapel, built in 1971, is an interfaith chapel commissioned by the de Menils. Each year, it hosts more than 60,000 visitors from as many as 85 countries around the world; the entrance-way contains holy books from various religious traditions that may be used in the chapel.
The space is sky-lit, with kneeling mats, prayer benches, meditation cushions. Fourteen canvases by Russian-born American painter Mark Rothko hang in the interior; the Rothko Chapel is an non-profit organization. In 2001 the Chapel was listed in the National Register of Historic Places, it is a featured entry in National Geographic's book Sacred Places of a Lifetime: 500 of the World's Most Peaceful and Powerful Destinations, published in 2009. South of the entrance is a reflecting pool with the sculpture Broken Obelisk by Barnett Newman, installed in memory of Martin Luther King, Jr. Located in a separate building near the main collection, the Byzantine Fresco Chapel housed two 13th century Byzantine church frescoes, an apse semi-dome of the Virgin Panagia and a dome featuring a depiction of Christ known as Christ Pantocrator. After having been removed from a church in Lysi in Turkish-occupied North Cyprus by the illegal art trade, they were recovered during the 1980s. According to the museum, they were the only such frescoes in the Americas.
They were held at the museum by agreement with the Church of Cyprus. In September 2011 the Menil Collection announced that the frescoes would be permanently returned to Cyprus in February 2012, an example of art repatriation. In January 2015, the Menil disclosed its plans to reuse the former consecrated chapel space as a site for long-term contemporary installation work; the first exhibition in the reopened space is "The Infinity Machine," a new work commissioned by the Menil by Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller. In 1992, Renzo Piano was commissioned by Dominique de Menil to build a small, independent pavilion dedicated to the work of Cy Twombly, Jr. in the grounds of the Menil Collection. In contrast to the Menil’s main museum building and the surrounding bungalows, the Cy Twombly Gallery is built of sand-colored block concrete, is square in plan and contains nine galleries. Similar to the main museum, it is lit through the roof, but here with an external canopy of louvers, shading the sloping, hipped glass roof, below which a fabric ceiling diffuses the light, giving a reduced intensity of around 300 lux.
The planned Menil Drawing Institute, according to the Menil Collection, is the first ground-up building in the United States dedicated to the exhibit, study and conservation of modern and contempor
Vladimir Arutyunian is a Georgian national who attempted to assassinate United States President George W. Bush and Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili by throwing a hand grenade at them on 10 May 2005; the attempt failed. He was arrested and sentenced to life in prison. Vladimir Arutyunian, a Georgian citizen and ethnic Armenian, was born on 12 March 1978 in Tbilisi, Soviet Georgia. Arutyunian lost his father at an early age and lived with his mother, a stall-holder at the local street market, they lived in one of the poorest suburbs of Tbilisi. After completing his secondary education, he had no fixed occupation, he joined the Democratic Union for Revival party led by Aslan Abashidze in January 2004, but soon after left the organization's ranks. He joined the Revival party in the same month Mikheil Saakashvili became president of Georgia, had led Adjara in a crisis by refusing to obey the central government authorities. Saakashvili and his party were considered to be pro–United States, while Abashidze and his party were considered to be pro-Russia.
The crisis had ended in 2004 without bloodshed. On 10 May 2005, Arutyunian waited for the United States President George W. Bush and Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili to speak in Tbilisi's central Liberty Square; when Bush began speaking, Arutyunian threw a Soviet-made RGD-5 hand grenade, wrapped in a red tartan handkerchief, toward the podium where Bush stood as he addressed the crowd. The grenade landed 18.6 metres from the podium, near where Saakashvili, his wife Sandra E. Roelofs, Laura Bush, other officials were seated; the grenade failed to detonate. Although original reports indicated that the grenade was not live, it was revealed that it was. After Arutyunian pulled the pin and threw the grenade, it hit a girl; the red handkerchief remained wrapped around the grenade, it prevented the striker lever from releasing. A Georgian security officer removed the grenade, Arutyunian disappeared. Arutyunian said that he threw the grenade "towards the heads" so that "the shrapnel would fly behind the bulletproof glass".
Bush and Saakashvili did not learn of the incident until after the rally. On 18 July 2005 Georgia's Interior Minister Vano Merabishvili issued photos of an unidentified suspect and announced a reward of 150,000 lari for information leading to the suspect's identification. At the request of the Georgian government, the US Federal Bureau of Investigation began an investigation into the incident. Extra manpower was brought in from the surrounding region to help with the investigation. In one picture of the crowd, the FBI noted a man in the bleachers with a large camera, he was a visiting professor from Idaho. FBI agents contacted him and, with his photographs, were able to identify a suspect. On 20 July 2005, acting on a tip from a hotline, police raided Arutyunian's home where he lived with his mother. During an ensuing gunfight, Arutyunian killed the head of the Interior Ministry's counterintelligence department, Zurab Kvlividze, he fled into the woods in the village of Vashlijvari on the outskirts of Tbilisi.
After being wounded in the leg, he was captured by Georgia's anti-terror unit. DNA samples from the man matched the DNA samples from the handkerchief. Georgian police found a chemical lab and a stockpile of explosives Arutyunian had built up in his apartment. Twenty liters of sulfuric acid, several drawers full of mercury thermometers, a microscope, "enough dangerous substances to carry out several terrorist acts" were found. After his arrest, Arutyunian was shown on television admitting from his hospital bed that he had thrown the grenade, he said that he had attempted to assassinate both presidents because he hated Georgia's new government for being a "puppet" of the United States. He further stated that he did not regret what he would do it again if he had the chance. Arutyunian admitted his guilt when arrested but refused to cooperate during the trial, he pleaded not guilty refused to answer questions in court. His lawyer Elisabed Japaridze said after the sentencing that she would appeal. "I consider that everything was far from proved."
She cited the fact. However, prosecutor Anzor Khvadagiani said that the grenade being wrapped in cloth explained the lack of distinguishable fingerprints and that DNA tests of material found on the cloth matched Arutyunian's. On 11 January 2006 a Georgian court sentenced Arutyunian to life imprisonment for the attempted assassination of George Bush and Mikheil Saakashvili, the killing of Officer Kvlividze. In September 2005, a United States federal grand jury indicted Arutyunian, could ask to extradite him if he is released, he is not eligible for parole, could only be released under a presidential pardon, but such pardons are never granted in Georgia. This means that Arutyunian will most spend the rest of his life in prison. While in prison in February 2010, Arutyunian converted from the Armenian Apostolic Church to Islam. List of United States presidential assassination attempts and plots
Tomas Robert Ryde is a Swedish handball coach who train the Romanian women's national team. At the end of the 2007-08 season, he left Danish Viborg'for family reasons' to return to Sweden, his assistant coach Jakob Vestergaard took over as head coach after Ryde. Ryde took over the position as head coach of the Romanian women's national team by mid-March 2015 after being eyed for Romania Women job in 2008. On 4 October 2016, the Romanian Handball Federation and Ryde have reached an agreement to terminate the employment contract by mutual agreement after 16 months. Ryde will now dedicate himself to a business career. Elitserien: Winner: N/A Swedish Cup: Winner: N/A Danish League: Winner: 2006, 2008 Danish Cup: Winner: 2007, 2008 Women's EHF Champions League: Winner: 2006 EHF Women's Champions Trophy: Winner: 2006 IHF World Women's Handball Championship: Bronze medalist: 2015 Tomas lives in Lidingö and has three children with his wife Marie. He's a former police officer
Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel is a book by Minnesota politician Ignatius L. Donnelly published first in 1883, it is a companion to the more well-known work Atlantis: The Antediluvian World. In Ragnarok, Donnelly argues that an enormous comet hit the earth 12,000 years ago, resulting in widespread fires, poisonous gases, unusually vicious and prolonged winters; the catastrophe destroyed a more advanced civilization, forcing its terrified population to seek shelter in caves. As cave-dwellers, they lost all knowledge of art, music and engineering, he cites as evidence 900-foot-deep cracks radiating outward from the Great Lakes, stretching for many miles away. He admits it has been proposed that ice-sheets caused these cracks, but suggests that this explanation is improbable, likening them instead to "cracks in a window, struck with a stone". If ice sheets could produce such cracks, he asks, why have not similar cracks been found anywhere else on the globe? He adds to this a discussion of surface rocks in New York City, which seem to have undergone a radical chemical change—the feldspar has been converted into slate and the mica has separated out from the iron, as if they had undergone tremendous heat and pressure, as they would in the event that a comet struck the earth.
He rules out other theories that could have caused this, such as nitric acid and warm rains, by stating that this is an isolated incident, whereas warm rains can occur at any time and place and there's no archaeological evidence for the nitric acid's origins. He indicates many legends and myths from various cultures, such as Zoroastrian, Pictish and Ancient Greece, that are all suggestive of a comet striking the earth, the earth catching fire, poisonous gases choking people, floods and tidal waves swamping large areas, he discusses early culture's tendency to heliotheism, which he said evolved from gratitude to the Sun, after so many horrific days without it. Winchell, Alexander. "Ignatius Donnelly's Comet," The Forum, Vol. IV, pp. 105–115. Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel, at Internet Archive Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel, 1883