Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States, based in suburban Chicago, Illinois. Despite its name, the conference consists of 14 members, they compete in the NCAA Division I. The conference includes the flagship public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska, as well as two additional public land grant schools and a private university; the Big Ten Conference was established in 1895 when Purdue University president James H. Smart and representatives from the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, Northwestern University, University of Wisconsin gathered at Chicago's Palmer House Hotel to set policies aimed at regulating intercollegiate athletics. In 1905, the conference was incorporated as the "Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives"; the conference is one of the nation's oldest, predating the founding of the NCAA by a decade, was one of the first collegiate conferences to sponsor men's basketball.
Big Ten member institutions are predominantly major flagship research universities with large financial endowments and strong academic reputations. Large student enrollment is a hallmark of Big Ten Universities, as 13 of the 14 members feature enrollments of 20,000 or more students. Northwestern University, the only full member with a total enrollment of fewer than 30,000 students, is the lone private university among Big Ten membership. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni. Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year. Though the Big Ten existed for nearly a century as an assemblage of universities located in the Midwest, the conference's geographic footprint now stretches east to the Atlantic Ocean. Big Ten universities are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, an academic consortium. In 2014–2015, members generated more than $10 billion in research expenditures. Despite the conference's name, the Big Ten has grown to fourteen members, with the following universities accepting invitations to join: Pennsylvania State University in 1990, the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 2011, both the University of Maryland and Rutgers University in 2014.
Johns Hopkins University was invited in 2012 to join the Big Ten as an associate member participating in men's lacrosse, in 2015, it was accepted as an associate member in women's lacrosse. Notre Dame joined the Big Ten on July 2017 as an associate member in men's ice hockey. Notes Notes The University of Chicago was a co-founder of the conference. Lake Forest College attended the original 1895 meeting that led to the formation of the conference, but never participated in athletics or any other activities. Full members Full members Sport Affiliate Other Conference Other Conference The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 men's and 14 women's NCAA sanctioned sports. Notes: * Notre Dame joined the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in men's ice hockey, it continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent. ° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse, with women's lacrosse to follow in 2016.
It continues to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial ConferenceMen's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools: Notes: 1: Fencing is a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams. 2: Men's rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Rutgers Men's Rowing was downgraded to Club status in 2008, but remains a member of the EARC. 3: Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is coeducational. 4: Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, coed teams all compete against each other. Ohio State fields a coed team. Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools: Initiated and led by Purdue University President James Henry Smart, the presidents of University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895 to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics.
The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion. The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896. Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more known as the Western Conference, consisting of Illinois, Wisconsin, Chicago and Northwestern; the first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911, but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules. Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912; the first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in December 1916, when Michigan sought to rejoin th
Rutgers University–New Brunswick
Rutgers University – New Brunswick in New Jersey is the oldest campus of Rutgers University, the others being in Camden and Newark. It is located in New Brunswick and Piscataway; the campus is composed of several smaller campuses: College Avenue, Livingston and Douglass, the latter two sometimes referred to as "Cook/Douglass," as they are adjacent to each other. Rutgers – New Brunswick includes several buildings in downtown New Brunswick; the New Brunswick campuses include 19 undergraduate and professional schools, including the School of Arts and Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, School of Communication and Library Studies, the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, School of Engineering, the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, the Graduate School, the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, the Graduate School of Education, School of Management and Labor Relations, the Mason Gross School of the Arts, the College of Nursing, the Rutgers Business School and the School of Social Work.
While several student centers, commercial venues, dining halls are found on the various campuses, each campus has a unique environment created by the academic departments and facilities it hosts. Busch: Busch Campus is located within Piscataway Township, New Jersey; the campus is named after Charles L. Busch, a wealthy benefactor, who unexpectedly donated $10 million to the University for biological research at his death in 1971; the campus was known as "University Heights Campus" and the land was donated to the University by the state in the 1930s. The land was a country club and the original golf course still exists on the campus; the campus is home to the High Point Solutions Stadium, provides a high-tech and suburban atmosphere focusing on academic areas related to the natural sciences. The Rutgers Medical School was built on this campus in 1970 but a year was separated by the State to create the College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; the two universities continue to share the land and facilities on the campus in a irregular arrangement.
The medical school was returned to Rutgers in 2014. College Avenue: This campus includes the historic seat of the university, a block known as Old Queens campus, it is within walking distance of shops and theaters in downtown New Brunswick, as well as the NJ Transit train station which provides easy access to New York and Philadelphia. Many classes are taught in the Voorhees mall area. Cook: Farms and research centers are found on the George H. Cook Campus, including the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers Gardens, the Center for Advanced Food Technology, it is home to community improvement programs, such as Rutgers Against Hunger, the New Brunswick Community Farmer's Market and statewide programs under the Rutgers Cooperative Extension. Douglass: Adjacent to New Brunswick's second ward, it shares many of its open fields with Cook, as they share a campus; the school has many stately buildings with traditional architecture. Douglass Campus is home to the Douglass Residential College for women and has four women's-only housing options.
Livingston: Livingston Campus is home to many of the social science departments and the Rutgers Business School. The Louis Brown Athletic Center, the student-founded Livingston Theater, the Rutgers Ecological Preserve are found here; the campus is situated in Piscataway Township although it extends into parts of Edison Township and Highland Park. Livingston Campus was expanded and renovated. Transportation: The campus bus and shuttle system is a service provided as a means to travel between campuses. Multiple bus lines between campuses exist distances involved. Computing centers: Student accessible computers are concentrated within computer labs. Rutgers has many computing centers to serve the university community. Meals: The dining services claim to be the third largest student dining operation in the USA, serving 4.5 million meals annually. There are four student dining facilities which provide catering for over 5000 University events yearly; the dining halls on Busch, College Avenue, Livingston campuses have faculty dining rooms.
Dining halls provide various "event nights" including a midnight breakfast during exams week and King Neptune Night. All student centers provide food services "fast food" style. Health centers: Rutgers has 3 health centers/pharmacies which provide primary care to Rutgers students; the RUHS nurse line is available at no charge to Rutgers University students when the Health Centers are closed. Hurtado Health Center is located on the College Avenue campus, the Busch-Livingston Health Center shares a parking lot with the RAC on the Livingston Campus. Museums: The Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum is located in Voorhees Mall of the College Avenue campus, it was founded in 1966 and named after Jane Voorhees Zimmerli, the mother of philanthropist Alan Voorhees. The Geology Museum is located on college Avenue Campus; the Mason Gross Galleries are located downtown at Civic Square. Residence halls provide many facilities for students. With over 15,000 resident students, 5 different campuses each with its own identity, 58 residence halls, 4 dining halls and 30-plus food courts/cafés, students can find everything they need right on campus.
Despite some over-crowding, students wishing to live on-campus are accommodated, with a lottery system
College basketball today is governed by collegiate athletic bodies including the United States's National Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, the United States Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Junior College Athletic Association, the National Christian College Athletic Association. Governing bodies in Canada include the Canadian Collegiate Athletic Association; each of these various organizations are subdivided into from one to three divisions based on the number and level of scholarships that may be provided to the athletes. Each organization has different conferences to divide up the teams into groups. Teams are selected into these conferences depending on the location of the schools; these conferences are put in due to the regional play of the teams and to have a structural schedule for each to team to play for the upcoming year. During conference play the teams are ranked not only through the entire NCAA, but the conference as well in which they have tournament play leading into the NCAA tournament.
The history of basketball can be traced back to a YMCA International Training School, known today as Springfield College, located in Springfield, Massachusetts. The sport was created by a physical education teacher named James Naismith, who in the winter of 1891 was given the task of creating a game that would keep track athletes in shape and that would prevent them from getting hurt; the date of the first formal basketball game played at the Springfield YMCA Training School under Naismith's rules is given as December 21, 1891. Basketball began to be played at some college campuses by 1893; the first known college to field a basketball team against an outside opponent was Vanderbilt University, which played against the local YMCA in Nashville, Tennessee, on February 7, 1893. The second recorded instance of an organized college basketball game was Geneva College's game against the New Brighton YMCA on April 8, 1893, in Beaver Falls, which Geneva won 3–0; the first recorded game between two college teams occurred on February 9, 1895, when Hamline University faced Minnesota A&M. Minnesota A&M won the game, played under rules allowing nine players per side, 9–3.
The first intercollegiate match using the modern rule of five players per side is credited as a game between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa, in Iowa City, Iowa, on January 18, 1896. The Chicago team won the game 15-12, under the coaching of Amos Alonzo Stagg, who had learned the game from James Naismith at the Springfield YMCA. However, some sources state the first "true" five-on-five intercollegiate match was a game in 1897 between Yale and Penn, because although the Iowa team that played Chicago in 1896 was composed of University of Iowa students, it did not represent the university, rather it was organized through a YMCA. By 1900, the game of basketball had spread to colleges across the country; the Amateur Athletic Union's annual U. S. national championship tournament featured collegiate teams playing against non-college teams. Four colleges won the AAU tournament championship: NYU, Butler and Washburn. College teams were runners-up in 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1932 and 1934.
The first known tournament featuring college teams was the 1904 Summer Olympics, where basketball was a demonstration sport, a collegiate championship tournament was held. The Olympic title was won by Hiram College. In March 1908, a two-game "championship series" was organized between the University of Chicago and Penn, with games played in Philadelphia and Bartlett, Illinois. Chicago swept both games to win the series. In March 1922, the 1922 National Intercollegiate Basketball Tournament was held in Indianapolis – the first stand-alone post-season tournament for college teams; the champions of six major conferences participated: Pacific Coast Conference, Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association, Western Pennsylvania League, Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association and Indiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association. The Western Conference and Eastern Intercollegiate League declined invitations to participate. Wabash College won the 1922 tournament.
The first organization to tout a occurring national collegiate championship was the NAIA in 1937, although it was surpassed in prestige by the National Invitation Tournament, or NIT, which brought six teams to New York's Madison Square Garden in the spring of 1938. Temple defeated Colorado in the first NIT tournament championship game, 60–36. In 1939, another national tournament was implemented by the National Collegiate Athletic Association; the location of the NCAA Tournament varied from year to year, it soon used multiple locations each year, so more fans could see games without traveling to New York. Although the NIT was created earlier and was more prestigious than the NCAA for many years, it lost popularity and status to the NCAA Tournament. In 1950, following a double win by the 1949–50 CCNY Beavers men's basketball team, the NCAA ruled that no team could compete in both tournaments, indicated that a team eligible for the NCAA tournament should play in it. Not long afterward, assisted by the 1951 scandals based in New York City, the NCAA tournament had become more prestigious than before, with conference champions and the majority of top-ranked teams competing there.
The NCAA tournament overtook the NIT by 1960. Through the 1960s and 1970s, with UCLA leading the way as winner
National Invitation Tournament
The National Invitation Tournament is a men's college basketball tournament operated by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Played at regional sites and at Madison Square Garden in New York City each March and April, it was founded in 1938 and was the most prestigious post-season showcase for college basketball. Over time it became eclipsed by the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament – known today informally as "March Madness"; the NIT has since been regarded more as a "consolation" tournament for teams that did not receive a berth in the NCAA tournament. A second, much more recent "NIT" tournament is played in November and known as the NIT Season Tip-Off; the "Preseason NIT", it was founded in 1985. Like the postseason NIT, its final rounds are played at Madison Square Garden. Both tournaments were operated by the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association until 2005, when they were purchased by the NCAA, the MIBA disbanded. Unless otherwise qualified, the terms "NIT" or "National Invitation Tournament" refer to the post-season tournament in both common and official use.
The post-season National Invitation Tournament was founded in 1938 by the Metropolitan Basketball Writers Association, one year after the NAIA Tournament was created by basketball's inventor Dr. James Naismith, one year before the NCAA Tournament; the first NIT was won by the Temple University Owls over the Colorado Buffaloes. Responsibility for the NIT's administration was transferred in 1940 to the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Committee, a body of local New York colleges: Fordham University, Manhattan College, New York University, St. John's University, Wagner College; this became the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association in 1948. The tournament invited a field of 6 teams, with all games played at Madison Square Garden in downtown Manhattan; the field was expanded to 8 teams in 1941, 12 in 1949, 14 in 1965, 16 in 1968, 24 in 1979, 32 in 1980, 40 from 2002 through 2006. In 2007, the tournament reverted to the current 32-team format. In its early years, the NIT offered some advantages over the NCAA tournament: There was limited national media coverage of college basketball in the 1930s and'40s, playing in New York City provided teams greater media exposure, both with the general public and among high school prospects in its rich recruiting territory.
The NCAA tournament selection committee invited only one team each from eight national regions leaving better quality selections and natural rivals out of its field, which would opt for the NIT. From its onset and at least into the mid-1950s, the NIT was regarded as the most prestigious showcase for college basketball. All-American at Princeton and NBA champion with the New York Knicks and United States Senator Bill Bradley stated: In the 1940's, when the NCAA tournament was less than 10 years old, the National Invitation Tournament, a saturnalia held in New York at Madison Square Garden by the Metropolitan Intercollegiate Basketball Association, was the most glamorous of the post-season tournaments and had the better teams; the winner of the National Invitation Tournament was regarded as more of a national champion than the actual, national champion, or winner of the NCAA tournament. Several teams played in both the NIT and NCAA tournaments in the same year, beginning with Colorado and Duquesne in 1940.
Colorado subsequently finished fourth in the NCAA West Region. In 1944, Utah lost its first game in the NIT but proceeded to win not only the NCAA tournament, but the subsequent Red Cross War Charities benefit game in which they defeated NIT champion St. John's at Madison Square Garden. In 1949, some Kentucky players were bribed by gamblers to lose their first round game in the NIT; this same Kentucky team went on to win the NCAA. In 1950, City College of New York won both the NIT and the NCAA tournaments in the same season, coincidentally defeating Bradley University in the championship game of both tournaments, remains the only school to accomplish that feat because of an NCAA committee change in the early 1950s prohibiting a team from competing in both tournaments; the champions of both the NCAA and NIT tournaments played each other for a few years during World War II. From 1943 to 1945, the American Red Cross sponsored a postseason charity game between each year's tournament champions to raise money for the war effort.
The series was described by Ray Meyer as not just benefit games, but as "really the games for the national championship". The NCAA champion prevailed in all three games; the Helms Athletic Foundation retroactively selected the NIT champion as its national champion for 1938, chose the NIT champion over the NCAA champion once, in 1939. More the mathematically based Premo-Porretta Power Poll published in the ESPN College Basketball Encyclopedia retroactively ranked teams for each season prior to 1949, with the NIT champion finishing ahead of the NCAA champion in 1939 and 1941. Premo-Porretta ranks four NCAA champions as the best for each season, the rest being non-championship winning teams. Between 1939 and 1970, when teams could compete in either tournament, only DePaul, San Francisco and Holy Cross claim or celebrate national championships for their teams based on an NIT championship, although Long Island recognizes its selection as the 1939 national champion by the Helms Athletic Foundation, made in 1943.
In 1943 the NCAA tournament moved to share Madison Square Garden with the NIT in an effort to increase the credibility of the NCAA Tournament. In 1945, The New York Times indicated that many teams could get bids to enter either tournament, not unco
Louis Brown Athletic Center
The Louis Brown Athletic Center, more known as the RAC, is an 8,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Piscataway, New Jersey on Rutgers University's Livingston Campus. The building is shaped like a truncated tent with trapezoidal sides on south ends, it is home to the men's and women's Rutgers Scarlet Knights basketball teams as well as the wrestling team. The University used the 3,200-seat College Avenue Gym from 1931 to 1977; the arena opened on November 1977 with a win against rival Seton Hall. The arena was known as the Rutgers Athletic Center until 1986, when it was renamed for Louis Brown, a Rutgers graduate and former member of the varsity golf team, who made a large bequest to the University in his will. Despite the name change, the building is still referred to as "The RAC" by students, alumni and players; the RAC is renowned for being one of the loudest arenas in college basketball when at maximum capacity. The trapezoidal design of the building allows the crowd noise to resonate, creating a deafening environment.
The RAC has been described as being "louder than a 747 at Newark Airport."ESPN's Jay Bilas has lauded the RAC, saying, "The Scarlet Knights play great there, the crowd is right on top of you and intimidating."Former opponents have extolled the RAC's atmosphere. Former Connecticut Guard Ben Gordon said, "It is difficult at the RAC, they have a great home crowd. The student body and everybody comes out to support them. Just the way the gym is shaped, it seems. At times, if you're not focused, you can get lost in the game just by how intense the crowd is."Former Syracuse forward Hakim Warrick notes that "they are some of the best fans on the road that I’ve played against. It's crazy; the way the gym is made, it's just made to keep the noise in. It's loud and crazy down there." The arena was the home of the NBA's New Jersey Nets from their second year in the NBA, 1977, when the team moved from The Nassau Coliseum, until 1981, when the Brendan Byrne Arena opened at the Meadowlands Sports Complex. It hosted the 1985 and 1989 Atlantic 10 Conference men's basketball tournaments.
The arena is the site for the girls and boys Middlesex County high school basketball tournament finals, various boys and girls New Jersey high school basketball state playoff games. On Saturday April 13, 1996, a Professional Bowler's Association tournament was broadcast live from the arena on ABC, the Johnny Petraglia Open; the Grateful Dead played at the Rutgers Athletic Center on May 15, 1981. Styx brought their Grand Illusion to the RAC on October 24, 1979. Linda Ronstadt played here on her "Living in the USA" tour and sang with a terrible sore throat. Linda Ronstadt played the RAC on April 11, 1980 for her "Mad Love" tour, on October 22, 1987, R. E. M. Played the RAC with 10,000 Maniacs opening; the arena was used on Friday, April 27, 2007 for Rutgersfest, an annual concert held outdoors, but held in the RAC that time due to rain. The performers were The Roots, Hawthorne Heights, Everclear. Due to lack of seating, only 5,000 tickets were given out, angering the 15,000 or so other students who were unable to attend.
May 3, 2008 The RAC hosted SpringBlaze 2008, a concert featuring Christian rock bands with a special appearance by Rutgers Football Head Coach Greg Schiano. On December 2, 1983 a local nonprofit, Visions-Innervisions Productions, hosted a fundraiser for Headstart and other community services at the RAC beginning with the annual university Step-Show, viewing the debut of Michael Jackson's Thriller on 20' screens, one above each hoop, followed by Motown's D-Train, live; the arena is used every June as a graduation hall for Piscataway Township High School, John P. Stevens High School, Edison High School, as well as for other high schools in surrounding cities; the graduations are free for anyone to attend. Starting in 2014, Rutgers University Dance Marathon is held at the RAC, having moved from the College Avenue Gym; the Newark, New Jersey-based Star-Ledger and the Rutgers University newspaper, The Daily Targum have reported that former Rutgers Athletic Director Tim Pernetti planned to expand the Louis Brown Athletic Center to include more practice facilities, more concourse space, a seating expansion to accommodate 12,500 fans, including club seating and premium restaurants.
Pernetti stated that he wanted to book more concerts at the arena and at nearby Rutgers Stadium. In its current configuration, the RAC is the smallest arena in the Big Ten Conference when the Scarlet Knights joined July 1, 2014, with fewer seats than the 8,117 at Northwestern's Welsh-Ryan Arena. Due to the scheduled renovations of Welsh-Ryan during the 2017-18 season, in which the listed capacity will decrease to 7,500, Welsh-Ryan will once again become the smallest arena in the Big 10 Conference starting in 2018; the other 12 Big Ten schools' arenas all seat at least 12,500. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas
UCLA Bruins men's basketball
The UCLA Bruins men's basketball program represents the University of California, Los Angeles in the sport of men's basketball as a member of the Pac-12 Conference. Established in 1919, the program has won a record 11 NCAA titles. Coach John Wooden led the Bruins to 10 national titles in 12 seasons, from 1964 to 1975, including seven straight from 1967 to 1973. UCLA went undefeated a record four times. Coach Jim Harrick led the team to another NCAA title in 1995. Former coach Ben Howland led UCLA to three consecutive Final Four appearances from 2006 to 2008; as a member of the AAWU, Pacific-8 and Pacific-10, UCLA set a NCAA Division I record with 13 consecutive regular season conference titles between 1967 and 1979 which stood until passed by Kansas in 2018. UCLA men's basketball has set several NCAA records. 11 NCAA titles 7 consecutive NCAA titles 13 NCAA title game appearances* 10 consecutive Final Four appearances 25 Final Four wins* 38 game NCAA Tournament winning streak 134 weeks ranked No. 1 in AP Top 25 Poll 221 consecutive weeks ranked in AP Top 25 Poll 54 consecutive winning seasons 88 game men's regular season winning streak 13 consecutive Div-I regular season conference titles ** 4 undefeated seasons * 1980 tournament final vacated by NCAA ** Surpassed by Kansas in 2018 In 1919, Fred Cozens became the first head coach of the UCLA basketball and football teams.
Cozens coached the basketball team for two seasons, finishing with an overall record of 21–4. Caddy Works was the head coach of the Bruins from 1921 to 1939. Works coached the team only during the evenings. According to UCLA player and future Olympian Frank Lubin, Works was "more of an honorary coach" with little basketball knowledge. Wilbur Johns was the UCLA basketball head coach from 1939 to 1948, guiding the Bruins to a 93-120 record. From 1948 to 1975, John Wooden, nicknamed the "Wizard of Westwood", served as UCLA's head coach, he won ten NCAA national championships in a 12-year period, including a run of seven in a row that shattered the previous record of only two consecutive titles. Within this period, his teams won a men's basketball-record 88 consecutive games. Prior to Wooden's arrival, UCLA had only won two conference championships in the previous 18 years. In his first season, Wooden guided a UCLA team that had finished with a 12–13 record the previous year to a 22–7 record—then the most wins in a season in program history—and the Pacific Coast Conference Southern Division championship.
In his second season, Wooden led the Bruins to a 24 -- the PCC championship. The Bruins would win the division title in each of the next two seasons and the conference title in the latter season. Up to that time, UCLA had won only two division titles since the PCC began divisional play, it had not won a conference title of any kind since winning the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference in 1927. In 1955–56, Wooden guided the Bruins to their first undefeated PCC conference title and a 17-game winning streak that only came to an end in the 1956 NCAA Tournament at the hands of a University of San Francisco team that featured Bill Russell. However, UCLA was unable to maintain this level of performance over the immediate ensuing seasons, finding itself unable to return to the NCAA Tournament as the Pete Newell-coached California teams took control of the conference at the end of the decade. Hampering the fortunes of Wooden's team during that time period was a probation imposed on all UCLA sports in the aftermath of a scandal involving illegal payments made to players on the school's football team, along with USC, Cal and Stanford, resulting in the dismantling of the PCC conference.
By 1962 the probation was no longer in place and Wooden had returned the Bruins to the top of their conference. This time, they would take the next step, go on to unleash a run of dominance unparalleled in the history of college sports. A narrow loss due to a controversial foul call in the semifinal of the 1962 NCAA Tournament convinced Wooden that his Bruins were ready to contend for national championships. Two seasons the final piece of the puzzle fell into place when assistant coach Jerry Norman persuaded Wooden that the team's small-sized players and fast-paced offense would be complemented by the adoption of a zone press defense; the result was a dramatic increase in scoring, giving UCLA a powerhouse team led by Walt Hazzard and Gail Goodrich that went undefeated on its way to the school's first basketball national championship. Wooden's team repeated as national champions the following season before the squad fell in 1966 when it finished second in the conference to Oregon State. UCLA was ineligible to play in the NCAA tournament that year because in those days only conference champions went to the tournament.
However, the Bruins' incarnation returned with a vengeance in 1967 with the arrival of sophomore All-America and MVP Lew Alcindor. The team reclaimed not only the conference title but the national crown with an undefeated season. In January 1968, UCLA took its 47-game winning streak to the Astrodome in Houston, where Alcindor squared off against Elvin Hayes in the Game of the Century, the nation's first nationally televised regular season college basketball game. Houston upset UCLA 71-69 behind Hayes' 39 points. In a post-game interview, Wooden stated, "We have to start over." They did, went undefeated the rest of the year, avenging Houston 101-69 in the semi-final rematch of the NCAA tournament en route to the national championship. Hayes, who had bee
Michigan Wolverines men's basketball
The Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team is the intercollegiate men's basketball program representing the University of Michigan. The school competes in the Big Ten Conference in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association; the Wolverines play home basketball games at the Crisler Center in Michigan. Michigan has won one NCAA Championship as well as two National Invitation Tournaments, fourteen Big Ten Conference titles and two Big Ten Tournament titles. In addition, it has won an NIT title and a Big Ten Tournament that were vacated due to NCAA sanctions; the team is coached by John Beilein. Michigan has had 31 All-Americans, selected 44 times. Eight of these have been consensus All-Americans, which are Cazzie Russell, Rickey Green, Gary Grant, Chris Webber, Trey Burke, as well as Harry Kipke, Richard Doyle and Bennie Oosterbaan who were retroactively selected by the Helms Foundation. Twelve All-Americans have been at least two-time honorees. Russell was the only three-time All-American.
Michigan basketball players have been successful in professional basketball. Fifty-eight have been drafted into the National Basketball Association; the 1990 NBA draft in which Rumeal Robinson was selected 10th, Loy Vaught was selected 13th, Terry Mills was selected 16th made Michigan the third of only ten schools that have had three or more players selected in the first round of the same draft. Five players have gone on to become NBA champions for a total of nine times and eight players have become NBA All-Stars a total of 18 times. Rudy Tomjanovich coached both 1995 NBA Finals Champions. Glen Rice is one of only nine basketball players to have won a state high school championship, NCAA title and NBA championship. During the 1990s Michigan endured an NCAA violations scandal, described as involving one of the largest amounts of illicit money in NCAA history, when Ed Martin loaned four players a reported total of $616,000. Due to NCAA sanctions, records from the 1992 Final Four, the 1992–93 season, 1995–99 seasons have been vacated.
Throughout this article asterisks denote awards and honors that have been vacated. All-time Wins – 1,504 All-time Winning Percentage –.591 NCAA National Championships – 1 NCAA Final Fours – 6 NCAA Elite Eight – 13 NCAA Sweet Sixteen – 15 NCAA Tournament Appearances – 25 NCAA Tournament Wins – 54 #1 Seeds in NCAA Tournament – 2 Conference Regular Season Championships – 14 Conference Tournament Championships – 2 30 Win Seasons – 4 20 Win Seasons – 26 Weeks Ranked #1 In AP Poll – 22 As a result of public and alumni demand for a basketball team, Michigan fielded a team of members of the then-current student body and achieved a 1–4 record for the 1908–09 season. However, after three years of demanding a basketball program, the student body did not attend the games and the program was terminated due to low attendance. Basketball returned in 1917 in; the team was coached by Elmer Mitchell. The team finished 6–12 overall; the following year Mitchell led the team to a 16–8 record. E. J. Mather coached the team to three Big Ten titles in his nine seasons as coach.
After inheriting Mitchell's team, which he led to a 10–13 overall record during the 1919–20 season, he led the team to an 18–4 overall record during the 1920–21 season. This 1921 team won its first eight and last eight games to tie the Wisconsin Badgers and Purdue Boilermakers for the Big Ten title; the team won back-to-back championships in 1925–26 and 1926–27. The 1926 squad, captained by Richard Doyle who became the team's first All-American, tied with Purdue, the Iowa Hawkeyes and Indiana Hoosiers for the conference championship; the 1927 team had a new All-American, Bennie Oosterbaan, won the school's first back-to-back championships and first outright championship with a 14–3 overall record. Mather died after a lengthy battle with cancer in August 1928. George F. Veenker compiled the highest overall and highest Big Ten winning percentages of any coach in school history during his three years as coach, he earned 1st, 3rd and 2nd finishes during his three seasons, which included the 1928–29 conference championship.
During Veenker's first season his team compiled a 13–3 overall record to win the conference, Veenker continues to be the only coach in school history to win a conference championship in his first season. The championship team, which finished tied with Wisconsin, was captained by the school's third All-American Ernie McCoy. Veenker resigned to become the Iowa State Cyclones football head coach. Franklin Cappon had a long history of association with Michigan athletics starting with his service as a four-time letterman in football and basketball from 1919 to 1923. In 1928, he became assistant football and basketball coach and in 1929 he served as Fielding H. Yost's assistant Athletic Director. Although the highlight of Cappon's tenure as coach was a 16–4 third place 1936–37 Big Ten finish, he coached John Townsend who in his 1937–38 senior season became last All-American for at least 10 years; the team finished third in two other seasons with less impressive records of 10–8 overall in 1932–33 and 15–5 overall 1935–36, Cappon's overall record was 78–57 overall.
A notable captain during the Cappon era was 1933–34 captain Ted Petoskey, a two-time football All-American end and eventual Major League Baseball player. In 1938 Michigan coaching duties were assum