Harvard Business School
Harvard Business School is the graduate business school of Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts. The school offers a large full-time MBA program, doctoral programs, HBS Online and many executive education programs, it owns Harvard Business Publishing, which publishes business books, leadership articles, online management tools for corporate learning, case studies and the monthly Harvard Business Review. It is home to the Baker Library/Bloomberg Center; the school was established in 1908. Established by the humanities faculty, it received independent status in 1910, became a separate administrative unit in 1913; the first dean was historian Edwin Francis Gay. Yogev explains the original concept: This school of business and public administration was conceived as a school for diplomacy and government service on the model of the French Ecole des Sciences Politiques; the goal was an institution of higher learning that would offer a master of arts degree in the humanities field, with a major in business.
In discussions about the curriculum, the suggestion was made to concentrate on specific business topics such as banking, so on... Professor Lowell said the school would train qualified public administrators whom the government would have no choice but to employ, thereby building a better public administration... Harvard was blazing a new trail by educating young people for a career in business, just as its medical school trained doctors and its law faculty trained lawyers; the business school pioneered the development of the case method of teaching, drawing inspiration from this approach to legal education at Harvard. Cases are descriptions of real events in organizations. Students are positioned as managers and are presented with problems which they need to analyse and provide recommendations on. From the start the school enjoyed a close relationship with the corporate world. Within a few years of its founding many business leaders were its alumni and were hiring other alumni for starting positions in their firms.
At its founding, the school accepted only male students. The Training Course in Personnel Administration, founded at Radcliffe College in 1937, was the beginning of business training for women at Harvard. HBS took over administration of that program from Radcliffe in 1954. In 1959, alumnae of the one-year program were permitted to apply to join the HBS MBA program as second-years. In December 1962, the faculty voted to allow women to enter the MBA program directly; the first women to apply directly to the MBA program matriculated in September 1963. In 2012–2013, HBS administration implemented new programs and practices to improve the experience of female students and recruit more female professors. HBS established nine global research centers and four regional offices and functions through offices in Asia Pacific, United States, South Asia, Middle East and North Africa and Latin America. In 2018, HBS was tied for 1st with Chicago Booth by U. S. News & World ranked 5th in the world by the Financial Times.
HBS students can join more than 80 different clubs and student organizations on campus. The Student Association is the main interface between the MBA student body and the faculty/administration. In addition, HBS student body is represented at the university-level by the Harvard Graduate Council. In 2015, executive education contributed $168 million to HBS's total revenue of $707 million; the Advanced Management Program is a seven-week $82,000 residential course with the stated aim of "transforming proven leaders into global executives". It was first run in 1945, has had 20,000 attendees. There are "no formal educational requirements", on completion, "you will become a lifetime member of the HBS alumni community". In 2016, the BBC noted that attendees "can have an experience that more mimics the MBA degree, with the opportunity to develop closer friendships and full access to university alumni minus the rigorous admissions process." The Owner/President Management Program consists of three three-week $44,000 "units" spread over two years, aimed at "business owners and entrepreneurs".
There are "no formal educational requirements" Notable attendees include model-turned-businesswoman Tyra Banks, criticised for using phrases such as "I went to business school", from which people might infer that she earned a Harvard MBA. HBS Online HBX, is an online learning initiative announced by the Harvard Business School in March 2014 to host online university-level courses. Initial programs are the Credential of Readiness and Disruptive Strategy with Clayton Christensen. Leading with Finance, taught by Mihir A. Desai, was added to the catalog in August 2016. HBS Online created HBX Live, a virtual classroom based at WGBH in Boston; the duration of HBS Standard Online CORe course is 10 to 12 weeks and costs $2,250. The Summer Venture in Management Program is a one-week management training program for rising college seniors designed to increase diversity and opportunity in business education. Participants must be employed in a summer internship and be nominated by and have sponsorship from their organization to attend.
The school's faculty are divided into 10 academic units: Management. In the fall of 2010, Tata related companies and charities donated $50
Sumter, South Carolina
Sumter is a city in and the county seat of Sumter County, South Carolina, United States. Known as the Sumter Metropolitan Statistical Area, the namesake county adjoins Clarendon and Lee to form the core of Sumter-Lee-Clarendon tricounty area of South Carolina that includes the three counties in the east central Piedmont; the population was 39,643 at the 2000 census, it rose to 40,524 at the 2010 census. Incorporated as Sumterville in 1845, the city's name was shortened to Sumter in 1855, it has prospered from its early beginnings as a plantation settlement. The city and county of Sumter bear the name of General Thomas Sumter, the "Fighting Gamecock" of the American Revolutionary War. During the Civil War, the town was an important supply and railroad repair center for the Confederacy. After the war, Sumter grew and prospered, using its large railroad network to supply cotton, by the start of the 20th century, tobacco to the region. During the 20th century, Sumter grew into a major industrial center.
Starting with the opening of Shaw Air Force Base in 1941, industry grew after World War II. Sumter became known for textiles, biotech industries, a thriving retail environment, medical center of its region in addition to agricultural products, which makes it a hub for business in the east-central portion of South Carolina; the J. Clinton Brogdon House, Carnegie Public Library, Heriot-Moise House, Charles T. Mason House, Myrtle Moor, O'Donnell House, Rip Raps Plantation, Salem Black River Presbyterian Church, Henry Lee Scarborough House, Stateburg Historic District, Sumter County Courthouse, Sumter Historic District, Sumter Town Hall-Opera House, Temple Sinai, Elizabeth White House, Lincoln High School, Singleton's Graveyard are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Known as the Gamecock City, Sumter lies near the geographic center of the state of South Carolina at 33°55′37″N 80°21′49″W. Sumter is 100 miles west of Myrtle Beach's Grand Strand and 175 miles east of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Columbia, the state capital, lies about 45 miles to the west, Charleston is around 100 miles to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.8 square miles, of which 26.6 square miles are land and 0.2 square mile is covered by water. As of the census of 2010, 40,541 people, 16,232 households, 10,049 families resided in the city; the population density was 575.6/km². The 16,032 housing units averaged 232.8/km². The racial makeup of the city was 47.07% Caucasian, 47.03% Black, 0.23% Native American]], 1.27% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.37% of the population. Of the 14,564 households,h 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 19.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were not families. About 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.14. In the city, the population was distributed as 27.8% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,590, for a family was $38,668. Males had a median income of $27,078 versus $22,002 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,949. About 13.0% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over. The following table shows Sumter's crime rate in six crime classifications that Morgan Quitno uses in their calculations for "America's most dangerous cities" rankings, in comparison to the national average; the statistics provided. According to the Congressional Quarterly Press 2008 City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America, Sumter Statistical Metropolitan Area ranks as having the fifth highest overall crime rate out of 338 statistical metropolitan areas in the United States of America.
Sumter adopted the council-manager form of government on June 11, 1912. The city council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer to run the day-to-day business of the city; this individual serves at the pleasure of the council. A mayor is elected to serve as the chairman of the city council. Six councilmen, who are not subject to term limits, are elected by ward, whereas the mayor is elected at-large. Sumter City Council is responsible for making policies and enacting laws and regulations to provide for future community and economic growth; the council is responsible for providing the necessary support for the orderly and efficient operation of city services. Martha Priscilla Shaw, Sumter's first female mayor from 1952 to 1956, was the first woman to serve as a mayor in South Carolina. On July 1, 2011, Sumter School Districts 2 and 17 combined to form the newly consolidated Sumter School District. Sumter is home to Crestwood High School, Lakewood High School, Sumter High School.
The last is one of the largest high schools in the Midlands and the fifth-largest in the state, located on the southwest side of Sumter. The schools in this district have each received national recognition as Blue Ribbon Schools, producing st
State College, Pennsylvania
State College is a home rule municipality in Centre County in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is the largest designated borough in Pennsylvania, it is the principal borough of the six municipalities that make up the State College area, the largest settlement in Centre County and one of the principal cities of the greater State College-DuBois Combined Statistical Area with a combined population of 236,577 as of the 2010 United States Census. In the 2010 census, the borough population was 42,034 with 105,000 living in the borough plus the surrounding townships referred to locally as the "Centre Region." Many of these Centre Region communities carry a "State College, PA" address although are not part of the borough of State College. State College is a college town, dominated economically and demographically by the presence of the University Park campus of the Pennsylvania State University. Lion Country is another used term to refer to the State College area, the term includes the borough and the townships of College, Harris and Ferguson.
When including college and graduate students, State College is the third most populous city in Pennsylvania, after Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. State College evolved from a village to a town in order to serve the needs of the Pennsylvania State College, founded as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania in 1855. State College was incorporated as a borough on August 29, 1896, has grown with the college, renamed The Pennsylvania State University in 1953. In 1973 State College adopted a home rule charter which took effect in 1976; the university has a post office address of Pennsylvania. When Penn State changed its name from College to University in 1953, its president, Milton S. Eisenhower, sought to persuade the town to change its name as well. A referendum failed to yield a majority for any of the choices for a new name, so the town remains State College. After this, Penn State requested a new name for its on-campus post office in the HUB-Robeson Center from the U. S. Post Office Department; the post office, which has since moved across an alley to the McAllister Building, is the official home of ZIP code 16802.
State College is situated at an elevation of 1,200 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.5 square miles, all of it land. It is surrounded by large tracts of farmland, an expanse of Appalachian Mountain ranges and forests. Nittany Mountain is part of Pennsylvania's geologic ridge-and-valley province of the Appalachian Mountains, it is the geographic center of Pennsylvania, as a result, Penn State University was founded in State College. State College is one of the densest cities of its population in the United States aided by the presence of numerous high rises downtown along Beaver and College Avenues; the 2010 have seen a construction boom downtown, with several mixed-use towers being developed, including the Rise, Frazer Centre, a 15-floor tower on Garner Street, among many other projects. Unlike most older towers, many of the new buildings will be mixed-use, with retail on the ground floor, offices on the next couple floors up, apartments on the top floors.
This high rise building boom has drawn debate in the local area. Some see it as a boon to increase foot traffic downtown and reduce congestion on the arterial roads leading into the city. Others, are skeptical of the developments as they are causing eyesores, may lose some of SC's charm. State College has a humid continental climate. Temperatures average 72.1 °F in July. Annual precipitation averages 39.8 inches, with 45.9 inches of annual snowfall on average. With a period of record dating back to 1893, the lowest temperature recorded was −20 °F on February 10, 1899 and the highest was 102 °F on July 17, 1988, July 9, 1936. According to the 2010 census, there are 42,034 people, 12,610 households, 3,069 families residing in the borough; the population density was 9,258.6 people per square mile. There were 13,007 housing units at an average density of 2,865.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 83.2% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 9.8% Asian, 1.0% Other, 2.0% from two or more races.
3.9% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. 22,681 or 54.0% of borough residents were males and 19,353 or 46.0% were females. A 2014 estimate had the racial makeup of the borough as 78.9% Non-Hispanic White, 5.6% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American and Alaska Native, 11.5% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.8% Some other race, 2.2% two or more races. 4.4 % were Latino. Of the 12,610 households, 9.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 18.2% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 75.6% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.71. The age distribution of the borough, overwhelmingly influenced by its student population, was 5.1% under the age of 18, 70.6% from 18 to 24, 13.1% from 25 to 44, 6.5% from 45 to 64, 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 22 years. The median income for a household in the borough was $23,513, the median income for a family was $
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Corry is a city in northwestern Pennsylvania in the United States. With a population of 6,605 at the 2010 United States Census, it is the second largest city in Erie County. Corry is a part of PA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city became famous in the late-19th and early-20th centuries for being the manufacturer of Climax locomotives. Erie County was formed from parts of Allegheny County on March 12, 1800. On May 27, 1861, tracks owned by the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad intersected with those of the Sunbury and Erie Railroad and was called the "Atlantic and Erie Junction". Land at the junction was owned by Hiram Cory, who sold a portion to the Atlantic and Great Western in October 1861; the railroad built a ticket office at the junction and named it for Cory, but through a misspelling it became Corry. The combination of railroad growth and the discovery of oil in nearby Titusville contributed to Corry's development; this boomtown was chartered as a borough in 1863 and designated as a city in 1866.
Industry has played a big part in Corry's growth, the Corry Area Historical Society maintains a museum where one of the Climax locomotives is on display. Corry has been named a Tree City USA for seven consecutive years; the Corry Armory was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,834 people, 2,660 households, 1,763 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,120.5 people per square mile. There were 2,868 housing units at an average density of 470.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.19% White, 0.29% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population. The U. S. Census Bureau estimated Corry's population at 6,331 in 2009. There were 2,660 households, out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families.
29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,967, the median income for a family was $35,375. Males had a median income of $30,220 versus $22,127 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,143. About 14.2% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. Corry is located at 41°55′30″N 79°38′26″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles, all of it land.
The city of Corry is incorporated as a 3rd class city under Pennsylvania law. Third class cities are governed by a commission, in which the mayor and four other members of the city council constitute the commission; the mayor serves as the president of the council. Charles Campbell is the mayor of the city of Corry; the Corry City Council's other members are Steven G. Bresler, Alex Gernovich, Charles Campbell. Tom Winchell is city treasurer and Diane L. Cowles is city controller. Corry is in Pennsylvania's 5th congressional district and is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Republican Glenn Thompson, elected in 2008. Republican Scott Hutchinson of the 21st District has represented Corry in the Pennsylvania State Senate since 2013. Corry is contained by the 4th District of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and is represented by Republican Curt Sonney. Corry is within the Corry Area School District, which operates a middle school, high school, one elementary school, but two abandoned elementary schools, a career and technical center.
Higher education is locally available through the Corry branch of Mercyhurst College, which offers advanced college credits for high school students and an associate degree in business administration. Adult education and training are offered through the Corry Higher Education Council. Emery Bopp, artist William Wallace Brown, member of the United States House of Representatives Ryan Buell, paranormal investigator Fred Marsh, Major League Baseball player Norman T. Newton, Landscape Architect, Scholar Charles F. Ritchel, inventor James Alexander Robertson, academic historian and bibliographer Karen Smyers, triathlete Carmen Hill, Major League Baseball player, Corry HS Linda Kay Olson, Miss America 2nd Runner-up, 1972 List of cities in Pennsylvania List of Tree Cities USA City of Corry Corry Chamber of Commerce Corry Area Historical Society & Museum The Corry Journal Corry Area School District
Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events. The word journalism applies to the occupation, as well as citizen journalists using methods of gathering information and using literary techniques. Journalistic media include print, radio, and, in the past, newsreels. Concepts of the appropriate role for journalism vary between countries. In some nations, the news media are controlled by government intervention and are not independent. In others, the news media are independent of the government but instead operate as private industry motivated by profit. In addition to the varying nature of how media organizations are run and funded, countries may have differing implementations of laws handling the freedom of speech and libel cases; the advent of the Internet and smartphones has brought significant changes to the media landscape in recent years. This has created a shift in the consumption of print media channels, as people consume news through e-readers and other personal electronic devices, as opposed to the more traditional formats of newspapers, magazines, or television news channels.
News organizations are challenged to monetize their digital wing, as well as improvise on the context in which they publish in print. Newspapers have seen print revenues sink at a faster pace than the rate of growth for digital revenues. Journalistic conventions vary by country. In the United States, journalism is produced by individuals. Bloggers are but not always, journalists; the Federal Trade Commission requires that bloggers who write about products received as promotional gifts to disclose that they received the products for free. This is intended to protect consumers. In the US, many credible news organizations are incorporated entities. Many credible news organizations, or their employees belong to and abide by the ethics of professional organizations such as the American Society of News Editors, the Society of Professional Journalists, Investigative Reporters & Editors, Inc. or the Online News Association. Many news organizations have their own codes of ethics that guide journalists' professional publications.
For instance, The New York Times code of standards and ethics is considered rigorous. When crafting news stories, regardless of the medium and bias are issues of concern to journalists; some stories are intended to represent the author's own opinion. In a print newspaper, information is organized into sections and the distinction between opinionated and neutral stories is clear. Online, many of these distinctions break down. Readers should pay careful attention to headings and other design elements to ensure that they understand the journalist's intent. Opinion pieces are written by regular columnists or appear in a section titled "Op-ed", while feature stories, breaking news, hard news stories make efforts to remove opinion from the copy. According to Robert McChesney, healthy journalism in a democratic country must provide an opinion of people in power and who wish to be in power, must include a range of opinions and must regard the informational needs of all people. Many debates center on whether journalists are "supposed" to be "objective" and "neutral".
Additionally, the ability to render a subject's complex and fluid narrative with sufficient accuracy is sometimes challenged by the time available to spend with subjects, the affordances or constraints of the medium used to tell the story, the evolving nature of people's identities. There are several forms of journalism with diverse audiences. Thus, journalism is said to serve the role of a "fourth estate", acting as a watchdog on the workings of the government. A single publication contains many forms of journalism, each of which may be presented in different formats; each section of a newspaper, magazine, or website may cater to a different audience. Some forms include: Access journalism – journalists who self-censor and voluntarily cease speaking about issues that might embarrass their hosts, guests, or powerful politicians or businesspersons. Advocacy journalism – writing to advocate particular viewpoints or influence the opinions of the audience. Broadcast journalism – written or spoken journalism for radio or television.
Citizen journalism – participatory journalism. Data journalism – the practice of finding stories in numbers, using numbers to tell stories. Data journalists may use data to support their reporting, they may report about uses and misuses of data. The US news organization ProPublica is known as a pioneer of data journalism. Drone journalism – use of drones to capture journalistic footage. Gonzo journalism – first championed by Hunter S. Thompson, gonzo journalism is a "highly personal style of reporting". Interactive journalism – a type of online journalism, presented on the web Investigative journalism – in-depth reporting that uncovers social problems. Leads to major social problems being resolved. Photojournalism – the practice of telling true stories through images Sensor journalism – the use of sensors to support journalistic inquiry. Tabloid journalism – writing, light-hearted and entertaining. Considered less legitimate than mainstream journalism. Yellow journalism – writing which emphasizes exaggerated claims or rumors.
The rise of social media ha
Florence County, South Carolina
Florence County is a county located in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 136,885, its county seat is Florence. Florence County is included in SC Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county's population is about 60% urban. Florence County was formed from main sections of Darlington and Marion Counties plus other townships from Williamsburg and Clarendon Counties, starting in 1888; the last section of Williamsburg County was not added until 1921. Florence County was named for the daughter of General W. W. Harlee. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 804 square miles, of which 800 square miles is land and 3.8 square miles is water. Williamsburg County – south Marion County – east Dillon County – north Marlboro County – north Darlington County – northwest Lee County – west Sumter County – southwest Clarendon County – southwest As of the census of 2000, there were 125,761 people, 47,147 households, 33,804 families residing in the county.
The population density was 157 people per square mile. There were 51,836 housing units at an average density of 65 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 58.65% White, 39.34% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.68% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 47,147 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.70% were married couples living together, 18.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.30% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 88.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,144, the median income for a family was $41,274. Males had a median income of $32,065 versus $21,906 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,876. About 13.50% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over. In census 2000, the population of Florence County was classified as 58% urban and 42% rural, containing the two urban areas of Florence and Lake City. Along with Darlington County, it comprises part of the Florence Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 136,885 people, 52,653 households, 36,328 families residing in the county. The population density was 171.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 58,666 housing units at an average density of 73.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 54.9% white, 41.3% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.1% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.4% were American, 7.8% were English, 6.7% were Irish, 6.2% were German. Of the 52,653 households, 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 19.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 37.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $40,487 and the median income for a family was $48,896. Males had a median income of $38,934 versus $30,163 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,932. About 14.5% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over. Florence Johnsonville Lake City Effingham Mars Bluff National Register of Historic Places listings in Florence County, South Carolina Florence County Website 1905 Reprint of Bishop Gregg's History of the Old Cheraws with additional material as an appendix.
Florence County History and Images