Texas Tech University
Texas Tech University referred to as Texas Tech, Tech, or TTU, is a public research university in Lubbock, Texas. Established on February 10, 1923, known as Texas Technological College, it is the main institution of the four-institution Texas Tech University System; the university's student enrollment is the seventh-largest in Texas as of the Fall 2017 semester. The university shares its campus with Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, making it the only campus in Texas to house an undergraduate university, law school, medical school; the university offers degrees in more than 150 courses of study through 13 colleges and hosts 60 research centers and institutes. Texas Tech University has awarded over 200,000 degrees since 1927, including over 40,000 graduate and professional degrees; the Carnegie Foundation classifies Texas Tech as having "highest research activity". Research projects in the areas of epidemiology, pulsed power, grid computing, atmospheric sciences, wind energy are among the most prominent at the university.
The Spanish Renaissance-themed campus, described by author James Michener as "the most beautiful west of the Mississippi until you get to Stanford", has been awarded the Grand Award for excellence in grounds-keeping, has been noted for possessing a public art collection among the ten best in the United States. The Texas Tech Red Raiders are charter members of the Big 12 Conference and compete in Division I for all varsity sports; the Red Raiders football team has made 36 bowl appearances, 17th most of any university. The Red Raiders basketball team has made 14 appearances in the NCAA Division I Tournament. Bob Knight has coached the second most wins in men's NCAA Division I basketball history and served as the team's head coach from 2001 to 2008; the Lady Raiders basketball team won the 1993 NCAA Division I Tournament. In 1999, Texas Tech's Goin' Band from Raiderland received the Sudler Trophy, awarded to "recognize collegiate marching bands of particular excellence". Although the majority of the university's students are from the southwestern United States, the school has served students from all 50 states and more than 100 countries.
Texas Tech University alumni and former students have gone on to prominent careers in government, science, education and entertainment. The call to open a college in West Texas began shortly after settlers arrived in the area in the 1880s. In 1917, the Texas legislature passed a bill creating a branch of Texas A&M to be in Abilene. However, the bill was repealed two years during the next session after it was discovered Governor James E. Ferguson had falsely reported the site committee's choice of location. After new legislation passed in the state house and senate in 1921, Governor Pat Neff vetoed it, citing hard financial times in West Texas. Furious about Neff's veto, some in West Texas went so far as to recommend West Texas secede from the state. In 1923, the legislature decided, rather than a branch campus, a new university would better serve the region's needs under legislation co-authored by State Senator William H. Bledsoe of Lubbock and State Representative Roy Alvin Baldwin of Slaton in southern Lubbock County.
On February 10, 1923, Neff signed the legislation creating Texas Technological College, in July of that year, a committee began searching for a site. When the committee's members visited Lubbock, they were overwhelmed to find residents lining the streets to show support for hosting the institution; that August, Lubbock was chosen on the first ballot over other area towns, including Floydada, Big Spring, Sweetwater. Construction of the college campus began on November 1, 1924. Ten days the cornerstone of the Administration Building was laid in front of 20,000 people. Governor Pat Neff, Amon G. Carter, Reverend E. E. Robinson, Colonel Ernest O. Thompson, Representative Richard M. Chitwood, the chairman of the House Education Committee, who became the first Texas Tech business manager, spoke at the event. Chitwood served in the position only fifteen months. With an enrollment of 914 students—both men and women—Texas Technological College opened for classes on October 1, 1925, it was composed of four schools—Agriculture, Home Economics, Liberal Arts.
Texas Tech grew in the early years. During the 1930s, Bradford Knapp, the university's second president, proceeded with an expansion program, which included new dormitories, the first library, a golf course, a swimming pool, paved streets and alleys, landscaping. A proposed $80,000 allocation for a football stadium was shelved; the library won the approval of Governor James V. Allred; because the state cut appropriations by 30% at the start of the Great Depression, President Knapp applied for assistance from the major New Deal agencies to expand Texas Tech, including the Works Progress Administration, Public Works Administration, Civil Works Administration, the National Youth Administration. Wyatt C. Hedrick, son-in-law of Governor Ross S. Sterling, was the architect of all campus PWA projects. Military training was conducted at the college as early as 1925, but formal Reserve Officers' Training Corps training did not start until 1936. By 1939, the school's enrollment had grown to 3,890. Although enrollment declined during World War II, Texas Tech trained 4,747 men in its armed forces training detachments.
Following the war, in 1946, the college saw its enrollment leap to 5,366 from a low of 1,696 in 1943. By the 1960s, the school had expanded its offerings to more than just technical subjects; the Faculty Advisory Committee suggested changing the name to "Texas State University", feeling the phrase "Technological College" did
Lufkin High School
Lufkin High School is a public high school located in Lufkin and classified as a 5A school by the UIL. It is part of the Lufkin Independent School District that serves the Lufkin area and central Angelina County; the current Lufkin High School was formed in 1970 by consolidation of Lufkin High School and Dunbar High School, the African-American School in Lufkin. In 2015, the school was rated "Met Standard" by the Texas Education Agency. UIL Spelling and Vocabulary Champions1999 Lufkin High School student athletes compete as the Panthers in the following sports: Cross Country Volleyball Football Basketball Powerlifting Swimming Soccer Tennis Golf Track Softball Baseball Lufkin Baseball 1963 Boys Basketball 1979 Football 2001 Boys Soccer 2015 Lufkin Dunbar Football 1964, 1966, 1967 The Lufkin High School Panther Band received the only superior rating of at all UIL Marching Competitions 2008 through 2017; the band won the 5A/6A Military state marching title since 2014 at the NAMMB Military State Marching Contest.
The Lufkin High School choir received a 1 at competition for 2008–2009, every year for the past eight years. The Lufkin High School have been participating in emsembles; the choir performs popshows that are thrills to others. The Lufkin High School theater department advanced to area competition in 2013, district competition in 2014. Bruce Alexander – former NFL player Allen R. Morris – Emmy Award winning producer/writer/director. Former placer for the Arizona Cardinals, Cleveland Browns and Miami Dolphins Terrence Kiel, former Texas A&M University and San Diego Chargers safety Jorvorskie Lane – former Texas A&M University football player. Played for the Detroit Lions, St. Louis Cardinals and Philadelphia Eagles Ryan Rottman – actor Ken Houston – Lufkin Dunbar graduate who played for the Washington Redskins and Houston Oilers.
The House Bunny
The House Bunny is a 2008 American comedy film directed by Fred Wolf and written by Kirsten Smith and Karen McCullah Lutz. It stars Anna Faris as a former Playboy bunny who signs up to be the "house mother" of an unpopular university sorority after finding out she must leave the Playboy Mansion. Starring Colin Hanks and Emma Stone, the film was released on August 22, 2008. Shelley Darlington is an aspiring Playboy Playmate living the life of luxury in the Playboy Mansion; the day after her 27th birthday, she awakes to find a note from Hugh Hefner, asking her to pack up and leave. She happens to stumble upon a group of girls: beautiful and fun, she sees that they live in luxury too. They turn out to be the Phi Iota Mu sorority, snobbishly reject her when she tries to join them, she makes her way down to the Zeta Alpha Zeta house, which appears to be far less luxurious than the first sorority she visited. The members of the Zeta house are dowdy awkward, caught off guard by Shelley's bubbly nature, prompting them to reject her.
Once they see Shelley's ability to attract boys, the Zetas change their mind and take in Shelley as their new "house mother", hoping that she can save them: their sorority is in danger of being shut down unless they can get thirty new pledges to join. During her time spent with the Zetas, Shelley meets and becomes attracted to an intellectual, altruistic guy named Oliver, who works at a retirement home. Shelley goes out on a date with Oliver, while her flirty tactics work with most guys, they fail with him, for he is a guy who wants to get to know Shelley rather than just sleep with her. To impress Oliver on their upcoming second date, Shelley starts attending classes and reading books, tones down her appearance; the second date is a disaster because she wears glasses that aren't meant for her, brings along note cards to help her sound smart. Having gotten a makeover and lessons on how to attract guys and be popular, the Zetas throw a party, a huge success; the Zetas are reviewing the girls who are hoping to pledge to Zeta, but their new popularity has made them conceited.
When they realize what they've become, they blame Shelley—just as she returns from her unsuccessful date. Although Shelley had just been invited back to the Playboy Mansion and decided to stay with the Zetas, the unexpected attack from them makes her reconsider, she calls back to accept the invitation; the Zetas feel guilty, decide to give themselves a second makeover, this time being "Half-Shelley and Half-Themselves". They decide to draw the pledges out at random, instead of judging them, they show up at Shelley's photo shoot and ask for her to come back, to which she agrees, having changed her mind about her dream of being a centerfold. The rival Phi Iota Mu sorority intercepts the invitations and prevents them from being mailed out, so the Zetas are again in danger of being shut down at the campus meeting of the Panhellenic Council. Shelley crashes the meeting and gives a heartfelt speech about what her experience with the Zetas has taught her about love and acceptance, asks for pledges on the spot.
Oliver and Shelley reconcile, Shelley explains that she likes Oliver a lot and was trying too hard to impress him. They decide to start over with their relationship and Oliver is looking forward to getting to know the "real" Shelley; the film ends with their new pledges celebrating. Shelley has remained in her friends at the Playboy Mansion. Faris had pitched the film's concept to a few companies and Adam Sandler's company, Happy Madison picked it up; the working title of the film was I Know. The film was made during summer 2007. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 43% based on 124 reviews, with an average rating of 5.1/10. The site’s critical consensus reads, "Anna Faris is game, but she can't salvage this middling, formulaic comedy." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 55 out of 100, based on 22 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale. Variety's John Anderson stated that the film is a "Blissfully broad comedy that should catapult Anna Faris into a singular kind of stardom."
On August 22, 2008, The House Bunny was released in the US. It debuted at #1 on its first day of release making $5.91 million, but landed in second place for its opening weekend, making $14.53 million, behind Ben Stiller's action-comedy film Tropic Thunder, which made $16.2 million. The film had grossed $70 million worldwide as of March 22, 2009; the film debuted in the UK chart at #1 grossing $1 million in its first weekend. The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on December 19, 2008, it was released in a 6-movie collection called The Laugh Out Loud Collection with other Happy Madison films in 2013. Though a soundtrack was not released, a single was released to iTunes on July 16, 2008; the single was a cover of The Waitresses song, "I Know What Boys Like" as performed by Katharine McPhee. The film featured songs by artists including: Bow Wow Wow – "I Want Candy" The All-American Rejects – "I Wanna" Altered Images – "Happy Birthday" Madonna – "Like a Virgin" Rihanna – "Take a Bow" The Pussycat Dolls – "When I Grow Up" Katharine McPhee – "I Know What Boys Like" Ashlee Simpson – "Boys" Metro
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index, median household income in the United States, it is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport, it is part of New England, although portions of it are grouped with New York and New Jersey as the Tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River which bisects the state; the word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of an Algonquian word for "long tidal river". Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English.
Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter; this was one of the Thirteen Colonies. Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, the fourth most densely populated of the 50 states, it is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", the "Land of Steady Habits". It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States; the Connecticut River, Thames River, ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford and hedge funds in Fairfield County. Landmarks and cities of Connecticut Connecticut is bordered on the south by Long Island Sound, on the west by New York, on the north by Massachusetts, on the east by Rhode Island.
The state capital and fourth largest city is Hartford, other major cities and towns include Bridgeport, New Haven, Waterbury, Danbury, New Britain and Bristol. Connecticut is larger than the country of Montenegro. There are 169 incorporated towns in Connecticut; the highest peak in Connecticut is Bear Mountain in Salisbury in the northwest corner of the state. The highest point is just east of where Connecticut and New York meet, on the southern slope of Mount Frissell, whose peak lies nearby in Massachusetts. At the opposite extreme, many of the coastal towns have areas that are less than 20 feet above sea level. Connecticut has a long maritime history and a reputation based on that history—yet the state has no direct oceanfront; the coast of Connecticut sits on Long Island Sound, an estuary. The state's access to the open Atlantic Ocean is both to the east; this situation provides many safe harbors from ocean storms, many transatlantic ships seek anchor inside Long Island Sound when tropical cyclones pass off the upper East Coast.
The Connecticut River cuts through the center of the state. The most populous metropolitan region centered within the state lies in the Connecticut River Valley. Despite Connecticut's small size, it features wide regional variations in its landscape. Connecticut's rural areas and small towns in the northeast and northwest corners of the state contrast with its industrial cities such as Stamford and New Haven, located along the coastal highways from the New York border to New London northward up the Connecticut River to Hartford. Many towns in northeastern and northwestern Connecticut center around a green, such as the Litchfield Green, Lebanon Green, Wethersfield Green. Near the green stand historical visual symbols of New England towns, such as a white church, a colonial meeting house, a colonial tavern or inn, several colonial houses, so on, establishing a scenic historical appearance maintained for both historic preservation and tourism. Many of the areas in southern and coastal Connecticut have been built up and rebuilt over the years, look less visually like traditional New England.
The northern boundary of the state with Massachusetts is marked by the Southwick Jog or Granby Notch, an 2.5 miles square detour into Connecticut. The origin of this anomaly is established in a long line of disputes and temporary agreements which were concluded in 1804, when southern Southwick's residents sought to leave Massachusetts, the town was split in half; the southwestern border of Connecticut where it abuts New York State is marked by a panhandle in Fairfield County, containing the towns of Greenwich, New Canaan and parts of Norwalk and Wilton. This irregularity in the boundary is the result of territorial disputes in the late 17th century, culminating
The Lying Game
The Lying Game is an American teen drama mystery television series developed by Charles Pratt Jr.. It premiered on ABC Family on August 15, 2011, ended on March 12, 2013; the series was produced by Pratt Enterprises, Alloy Entertainment, Warner Horizon Television and is loosely based on a series of books of the same name by Sara Shepard. On July 15, 2013, Alexandra Chando confirmed the series was canceled by the network after two seasons ending the series on an unresolved cliffhanger; the series follows Emma Becker, a kind-hearted foster child who learns she has an identical twin sister named Sutton Mercer. Sutton, unlike Emma, was adopted by wealthy parents and is living an ideal life. After their initial meeting, Sutton talks Emma into stepping into her life for a few days while she pursues a lead on the mysterious identity of their birth mother. After Sutton inexplicably fails to return to the girls’ designated meeting place, Emma must decide whether to come clean about her identity and risk her own safety in the hope of uncovering her twin sister’s whereabouts, along with the truth about why they were separated in the first place.
While the television series shares many of the same characters as the book series of the same name, there are important differences: Alexandra Chando as Sutton Mercer and Emma Becker. Sutton was adopted by a wealthy family and Emma grew up in the foster care system. Allie Gonino as Laurel Mercer. Laurel is Sutton and Emma's paternal half-sister and the biological daughter of Kristin and Ted Mercer, she tends to go to her for advice. Blair Redford as Ethan Whitehorse, he is Sutton's secret boyfriend, hiding the relationship due to class, but soon falls for Emma after realizing that Sutton was ashamed of their relationship. He cheated on Emma with Sutton, realizing a part of him will always love her, causing Emma to break up with him. Andy Buckley as Ted Mercer, a plastic surgeon. Ted is the biological father of Sutton and Laurel, he had an affair with Rebecca seventeen years prior to the series, resulting in the conceiving of Sutton and Emma. Helen Slater as Kristin Mercer. Kristin is the biological mother of Laurel.
She is oblivious to Sutton's biological history. Her relationship with her husband became strained when she learned of his past relationship with Rebecca, demanding a divorce and ownership of everything they owned. Kirsten Prout as Charlotte "Char" Chamberlin, a friend of Sutton's and daughter of Phylis Chamberlin, she is a cousin to both Sutton and Emma, via Phylis' sister Rebecca Sewell. Alice Greczyn as Madeline Margo Rybak, known as "Mads". Mads is the maternal younger half-sister of Thayer, she is one of Sutton's best friends, but ends their friendship after discovering all of Sutton's lies and that Sutton had come onto her boyfriend. She becomes best friends with Emma after learning the truth about the twins, she begins a complicated relationship with Jordan, her step-sibling, in season 2 after spending a one-night stand with him, not realizing he is her step-brother until on. Christian Alexander as Thayer Rybak, the former step-son of Alec and the maternal older half-brother of Mads, he has had feelings for Sutton since childhood, gets involved with her in LA by sleeping with her.
When he realized Sutton didn't want him, he moved back to Phoenix and met Emma, whom he developed feelings for. Despite being in a strong relationship, it ends when he gets jealous of Emma's potential feelings for her ex-boyfriend Ethan. Sharon Pierre-Louis as Nisha Randall, Sutton's rival. Charisma Carpenter as Annie Rebecca Sewell, Rebecca is Phyllis Chamberlin's estranged younger sister and Char's aunt, she returns to town after many years. Her motive for coming back to town was to reunite with Ted, she married Alec at the end of season one. Adrian Pasdar as Alec Rybak, the father of Mads and the step-father of Thayer, he is Ted's best friend. His ex-wife Caroline is the mother of both children and she ran away a long time ago with Thayer's biological father, which might be the reason as to why he resents Thayer. In the season one finale, he marries Rebecca, is arrested for the murder of Derek Rogers, he was cleared with Theresa's help at the beginning of the second season. He turns out to be the one who split them up at birth.
He has been spending his time trying to get Rebecca convicted for the two murders that have occurred, though Rebecca insists that he himself is hiding the real killer. Tyler Christopher as Dan Whitehorse, a police officer and Ethan's older brother, he turned against him when Alec tried to have Ethan charged with murder. He proposes to his former sweetheart Theresa, set on having a future together, but the two never make it to the altar due to her mysterious and abrupt murder. Adam Brooks as Baz, Laurel's fellow band member in Strangeworthy. Laurel kissed him after she and Justin broke up, though their relationship never grew into something more. Randy Wayne as Justin Miller, Laurel's ex-boyfriend. In episode 13, it is revealed. Laurel breaks up with him when she finds out he used her to get close to her father. Ben Elliott as Derek Rogers, Alec's accomplice and Charlotte's ex-boyfriend. Alec hired him to get information on Sutton, he was the one in Sutton's car the night she drove into a lake. He is found dead the morning after Sutton interrogate him about what happened.
Victorious is an American sitcom created by Dan Schneider that aired on Nickelodeon from March 27, 2010 to February 2, 2013. The series revolves around aspiring singer Tori Vega, a teenager who attends a performing arts high school called Hollywood Arts High School, after taking her older sister Trina's place in a showcase while getting into screwball situations on a daily basis. On her first day at Hollywood Arts, she meets Andre Harris, Robbie Shapiro, Rex Powers, Jade West, Cat Valentine, Beck Oliver; the series premiered after the 2010 Kids' Choice Awards. The series won for Favorite TV Show award at the 2012 Kids' Choice Awards and 2013 Kids' Choice Awards, beating out iCarly. Victorious earned four Emmy nominations. On August 10, 2012, Victoria Justice stated. After the announcement of the series' spin-off Sam & Cat was made, fans of Victorious expressed dismay that its spin-off series was the reason for its ending, but Dan Schneider himself stated otherwise. Although the Victorious cast only filmed three seasons, when the decision to end the series was made, Nickelodeon split the third season in half, making a fourth season.
The series follows the adventures of Tori Vega, a teenager, accepted into Hollywood Arts High School after taking her older, much less-talented sister Trina's place in a showcase after Trina has an allergic reaction to a Chinese herb gargle designed to help make people sing better. The plot follows Tori as she finds her place within Hollywood Arts while getting into crazy situations and adventures, meeting friends to help her along the way. Other students at Hollywood Arts, the students who make up Tori's group of friends, include Andre Harris, a musical prodigy who becomes Tori's best friend at Hollywood Arts after encouraging her to stay at the school and helping her realize her talent, they have been a couple since before the start of the series until the Season 3 episode "The Worst Couple", but got back together in the Season 4 episode, "Tori Fixes Beck and Jade". Beck and Tori have moments where they are attracted to each other, but Tori does not want to risk her small friendship with Jade over this.
Other characters include the performing-arts teacher for Hollywood Arts. Victoria Justice as Tori Vega Leon Thomas III as Andre Harris Matt Bennett as Robbie Shapiro Elizabeth Gillies as Jade West Ariana Grande as Cat Valentine Avan Jogia as Beck Oliver Daniella Monet as Trina Vega Eric Lange as Erwin Sikowitz Lane Napper as Lane Alexander Michael Eric Reid as Sinjin Van Cleef Jim Pirri as David Vega Jennifer Carta as Holly Vega Marilyn Harris as Andre's grandmother Marco Aiello as Festus Susan Chuang as Mrs. Lee Darsan Solomon as Burf Jake Farrow as Rex Powers Victorious is the fifth series created by Dan Schneider for Nickelodeon, after The Amanda Show, Drake & Josh, Zoey 101, iCarly. Schneider first met Victoria Justice in 2005, when she was twelve and arrived to audition for the part of Lola Martinez on Zoey 101. Impressed by her energy and look, Schneider hired her and, after working with her on three episodes, called Nickelodeon to say, "I've got your next star." Justice continued her role on Zoey 101 until the series ended in 2008.
In the meantime, Disney Channel, Nickelodeon's main competitor, had experienced immense success with franchises like Hannah Montana and High School Musical, which featured original songs and generated revenue through music as well as television. Seeking to "follow where the kids are", Nickelodeon executives asked Schneider to create a music-based show for the channel. Near the end of Zoey 101's run, Justice was summoned to meet with Schneider about a potential series starring her. Victorious is the first series on Nickelodeon to premiere in the decade of 2010. Big Time Rush's first episode premiered two months earlier, but its original pilot premiered in 2009. While discussing possible concepts for the series during the meeting, Justice mentioned that she had attended a performing arts middle school; the idea intrigued Schneider. "If there is anything I've learned about kids today—and I'm not saying this is good or bad—it's that they all want to be stars," said Schneider. Marjorie Cohn, Nickelodeon's executive vice president of original programming and development, agreed.
"Every kid thinks they're five minutes away and one lucky circumstance from being famous", Cohn stated. She noted that Schneider's iCarly, a sitcom about a girl who hosts a popular web show, was spurred by the rise of YouTube celebrities and has become a successful series for Nickelodeon. On August 13, 2008, Nickelodeon announced that Justice had signed "an overall talent and music deal" with the company, agreeing to star in a then-untitled musical-comedy series about a girl who attends a performing arts high school. While discussing the show's premise, Schneider stated that while it would be nice if more children "wanted to be teachers and social workers" instead of celebrit