The American River is a 120-mile-long river in California that runs from the Sierra Nevada mountain range to its confluence with the Sacramento River in the Sacramento Valley. Via the Sacramento River, it is part of the San Francisco Bay watershed; this river is fed by the melting snowpack of the Sierra Nevada and its many headwaters and tributaries, including the North Fork American River, the Middle Fork American River, the South Fork American River. The American river is known for the discovery of gold at Coloma in 1848 that started the California Gold Rush and contributed to the initial large-scale settlement of California by European immigrants. Today, the river still has high quality water, it is the main source of drinking water for Sacramento; this river is dammed extensively for irrigation, flood control, hydroelectric power. The American River watershed supports Mediterranean and montane ecosystems, it is the home of a diverse array of fish and wildlife; the Maidu, Miwok and Wintun peoples inhabited the American River in Sacramento for at least 5,000 years before Spaniards and Americans settled the region, although human habitation in Northern California is believed to date back as much as 12,000 years.
They utilized the vast amount of resources of the American River for shelter, clothes and other goods before Europeans arrived in the late 18th century. The Nisenan called the river Kum Mayo, meaning "roundhouse river". Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga named the river "Rio de las Llagas" when he passed through the area in the early 1800s due to hostile relations with local native peoples. Another member of the expedition recorded the name as "Rio de los Lagos" which may or may not have been an error, as in those times the area of the Central Valley surrounding the American River was home to vast marshes, which would have given the river the appearance of a series of lakes. During the 1820s, Jedediah Smith led an expedition to the American River with the goal of finding a safe route across the Sierra Nevada. After a failed attempt to cross the mountains via the South Fork of the American River, Smith's group managed to cross via Ebbetts Pass on the headwaters of the Stanislaus River, becoming the first non-Native Americans to do so.
In Smith's honor the Spanish settlers and Native Americans named the river "Rio de los Americanos", American River. During this time, Alta California was part of New Spain. In the 1830s fur trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company visited the area to trap otter. During one of these expeditions, smallpox or malaria were accidentally introduced to the local Native Americans, who had no natural immunity to Old World diseases; some accounts suggest. The surviving natives became hostile to European settlers and traders for quite some time, prevented the HBC from establishing a permanent outpost here. In 1839, Swiss immigrant John Sutter established the New Helvetia settlement on the American River, near the present-day location of central Sacramento. In 1848, following the Mexican–American War, California was ceded to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Just weeks James W. Marshall, an employee of Sutter, discovered gold on the South Fork, starting the California Gold Rush. Although miners looking for gold worked all three forks of the American River, the South Fork held the richest deposits.
However, as the accessible placer gold was played out, large companies used hydraulic mining to access gold buried deeper in the soil. This large and extensive mining practice washed away entire mountainsides and polluted all the waterways, including the American River. During the Great Flood of 1862 the American River flooded massively, putting much of Sacramento under water for three months. Newly elected Governor Leland Stanford had to travel to his inauguration by rowboat. A significant contributor to the flood damage was the debris washed down by hydraulic mining, which had choked the river channel and reduced its capacity to drain floodwaters. In response, the city of Sacramento undertook a massive project to raise its streets and buildings as much as 9.5 feet. Many of original sidewalks and the first floors of buildings remain as subterranean spaces underneath today's streets; the lower American River has been one of seven California rivers to achieve the designation "Recreational River" under both the California Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.
This status provides state and national recognition to protect the river's outstanding scenic and wildlife, historic and recreational values. The American River is fed by its North and South forks, which are located in El Dorado County, Placer County, Sacramento County; the river's three forks originate in the Eldorado National Forests. The North and Middle Forks join near Auburn, continue downstream as the North Fork, although the Middle Fork carries a higher volume of water; the North and South Forks join in Folsom Lake. All three forks are known for their verdant canyons, forested ridges, massive rock formations, backcountry winter adventuring among snowy peaks and white water rafting. There are various fish species that live within the American River such as Chinook Salmon and Steelhead Trout; the American River headwaters lie along about 50 miles along the Sierra Crest from Mount Lincoln in the north where it adjoins the watersheds of the South Yu
Antioch is the second largest city in Contra Costa County, United States. Located in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area along the San Joaquin-Sacramento River Delta, it is a suburb of San Francisco and Oakland; the city's population was 102,372 at the 2010 census and estimated to be 110,542 in 2015. Antioch is one of the oldest towns in California. In 1848, John Marsh, owner of Rancho Los Meganos, one of the largest ranches in California, built a landing on the San Joaquin River in what is now Antioch, it became known as Marsh's Landing, was the shipping point for the 17,000-acre rancho. It included a pier extending well out into the river, enabling vessels drawing 15 feet of water to tie up there at any season of the year; the landing included a slaughterhouse, smokehouse for curing hams, rodeo grounds, a 1½-story dwelling, embellished with fretwork, brought around the Horn to serve as a home for the mayordomo and his wife. In 1850, two brothers and Joseph Smith, founded a town west of Marsh's Landing, named it Smith's Landing.
In 1851, the town's new minister persuaded the residents to change the name of the town to Antioch, for the biblical city of Antioch. Around 1859, coal was discovered in several places in the hills south of Antioch and coal mining formed the first substantial business apart from farming and dairying by the inhabitants of this community; this new industry resulted in the founding of the towns of Nortonville, Somersville and Black Diamond, added to the economic activity of the Antioch area. The Empire Coal Company was formed by John C. Rouse and George Hawxhurst in 1876, which built a railroad that passed from Antioch toward the mines over what is now "F Street"; however on, both the mine and the railroad passed into the hands of the Belshaw brothers. The mines have long ago ceased operation, the railroad tracks have been dug up, though the building that served as the Antioch terminus of the railroad still stands on the corner of F Street and Fourth Street, the grading and trestles still remain much as they were in those early days.
In 1863, a great excitement arose over the discovery of copper ore near Antioch. Smelting works were built at Antioch, fifteen to twenty-five dollars per ton was paid for the ore; the copper bubble burst, to the dismay of the citizens. Petroleum was first drilled for near Antioch in 1865, but not enough oil was found to make a decent profit; the Antioch Post Office was opened in 1851, closed in 1852, re-opened in 1855, closed again in 1862, it has operated continuously since re-opening in 1863. The city of Antioch was incorporated in 1872; the Antioch Ledger was first issued on March 10, 1870. In memory of when the paper was formed, a copy of its first issue has been framed and hangs over the desk of the present editor; the sole news item is a report with editorial comment on a women's suffrage meeting that had just been held in the town. The Ledger merged with the Contra Costa Times and printed its last issue in 2005. Today, Antioch is a "bedroom" community, with most adults working in larger cities toward Oakland and San Francisco.
The town has grown in the last 30 years, as the population of the Bay Area continues to grow, real estate prices force families to move towards the outskirts of the Bay Area. In late 2009, Antioch received significant media attention following the news of kidnap victim Jaycee Lee Dugard being discovered alive there, became the focus of several news stories regarding its 1,000 registered sex offenders; the Los Angeles Times ran a story titled "Sex offenders move to Antioch area'because they can'," The Independent ran a story titled "How Jessica's Law turned Antioch into a paedophile ghetto", CNN's Anderson Cooper and Larry King both did similar stories for television. However, the Contra Costa Times and affiliated newspapers contradicted their claim: "Disturbing, if true. Only it's not, according to a Bay Area News Group analysis of sex offender addresses and census data." The report concluded that the 94509 zip code ranked only 39th in the state with 1.5 sex offenders per 1,000, with Oakland, San Francisco, San Jose, Bethel Island and Vallejo ZIP codes ranked in the top ten.
Monte Rio ranked first with 4.5 per 1,000. The city was attempting in 2012 to annex an adjacent 678-acre area of unincorporated land, which includes a GenOn Energy 760-megawatt power plant, to include the plant within city limits. Antioch is located at 38°00′18″N 121°48′21″W, along the San Joaquin River at the western end of the San Joaquin-Sacramento River Delta. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.1 square miles, of which 28.3 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. Antioch has a semi-arid climate with hot dry summers, mild winters with modest rainfall. In late 2008, western burrowing owls moved into a 25-acre housing development slated for construction called Blue Ridge, owned by Kiper Homes; the Kiper-developed homes are up to 3000 square feet in size with five bedrooms and three-car garages. In November 2009 the California Department of Fish & Game gave the developer permission to evict the owls before nesting season begins in February 2010.
Eviction is controversial because the birds reuse burrows for years, there is no requirement that suitable new habitat be found for the owls. Despite being listed as a Species of Special Concern by the California Department of Fish and G
San Joaquin County, California
San Joaquin County the County of San Joaquin is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 685,306; the county seat is Stockton. San Joaquin County comprises the Stockton–Lodi–Tracy metropolitan statistical area within the regional San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland combined statistical area; the county is located in Northern California's Central Valley just east of the highly populated nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region and is separated from the Bay Area by the Diablo Range of low mountains with its Altamont Pass. One of the smaller counties in area in California, it has a high population density and is growing due to overflow from the Bay area's need for housing; the City of San Joaquin, despite sharing its name with the county, is located in Fresno County. San Joaquin County was one of the original United States counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood; the county was named for the San Joaquin River. In the early 19th century Lieutenant Gabriel Moraga, commanding an expedition in the lower great California Central Valley, gave the name of San Joaquin to the San Joaquin River, which springs from the southern Sierra Nevada.
San Joaquin County is the site of the San Joaquin Valley's first permanent residence. Between 1843 and 1846, during the era when California was a province of independent Mexico, five Mexican land grants were made in what would become San Joaquin County: Campo de los Franceses, Pescadero, Sanjon de los Moquelumnes and Thompson, it was developed for agriculture. It attracted more settlers at the time of the California Gold Rush; the Central Pacific Railroad in the 1860s utilized San Joaquin County's exceptionally flat terrain to construct a rail line from Sacramento to Stockton and southwest through Altamont Pass to the San Francisco Bay. In 1909, a second railroad, the Western Pacific, utilized the same route through Stockton to reach the Bay area. In the early 1900s, the Santa Fe Railroad constructed from Bakersfield and Fresno through Stockton north to reach Oakland. Smaller lines constructed at Stockton were the Tidewater Southern to Modesto and the Central California Traction to Sacramento.
Both started. These railroads encouraged the growth of farms and ranches in San Joaquin county and adjacent counties. On August 7, 1998, a tire fire ignited at S. F. Royster's Tire Disposal just south of Tracy on South MacArthur Drive, near Linne Rd; the tire dump held over 7 million illegally stored tires and was allowed to burn for more than two years before it was extinguished. Allowing the fire to burn was considered to be a better way to avoid groundwater contamination than putting it out; the cleanup cost $16.2 million and wound up contaminating local groundwater anyway. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,426 square miles, of which 1,391 square miles is land and 35 square miles is water; the county has a low inland elevation and a flat drainage basin for the San Joaquin River and its numerous tributaries. With the resulting exceptionally high water table, the county is a marshy and swampy delta with a tendency to flood in the Spring melting snow runoff from the Sierra Mountains.
The center of San Joaquin County is near Stockton at about 37°54'N 121°12'W. San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge The 2010 United States Census reported that San Joaquin County had a population of 685,306; the racial makeup of San Joaquin County was 349,287 White, 51,744 African American, 7,196 Native American, 98,472 Asian, 3,758 Pacific Islander, 131,054 from other races, 43,795 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 266,341 persons; the Filipino American population was 46,447, just under half of all Asian Americans in San Joaquin County, as of 1990 have been the largest population of Asian Americans in the county. As of the census of 2000, there were 563,598 people, 181,629 households, 134,768 families residing in the county; the population density was 403 people per square mile. There were 189,160 housing units at an average density of 135 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 58.1% White, 6.7% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 11.4% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 16.3% from other races, 6.1% from two or more races.
30.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.3% were of German, 5.3% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 66.4% spoke English, 21.3% Spanish, 2.2% Tagalog, 1.8% Mon-Khmer or Cambodian, 1.1% Vietnamese and 1.1% Hmong as their first language. There were 181,629 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.48. In the county, the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,282, the median income for a family was $46,919.
Males had a median income of $39,246 versus $27,507 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,365. About 13.5% of families and 17.7% of the population were below th
Ryer Island Ferry
The Ryer Island Ferry is a ferry that operates between Rio Vista and Ryer Island, crossing Cache Slough in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta in Solano County, California. The California Department of Transportation operates the vehicle roll-on/roll-off service, classified as part of California State Route 84; the ferry operates every 20 minutes. The ferry is served by the vessel Real McCoy II, 88-feet long by 38-feet wide and entered service in 2011, replacing the venerable Real McCoy, it is powered with 360 degree propellers for steering. The hull’s capacity is 80,000 pounds, can carry up to eight vehicles. There is a 16.25-ton weight limit, tractor-trailers are prohibited, the length limit is at the discretion of the Coast Guard. Ryer Island is connected via the other Caltrans delta ferry, the Howard Landing Ferry, on highway 220 to the east towards Ryde, north via highway 84 on a bridge towards West Sacramento
The Calaveras River is a river in the San Joaquin Valley of California. It flows southwest for 51.9 miles from the confluence of its north and south forks in Calaveras County to its confluence with the San Joaquin River just west of the city of Stockton. The Spanish word calaveras means "skulls." The river was said to have been named by Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga when he found many skulls of Native Americans along its banks. He believed they had either died of famine or been killed in tribal conflicts over hunting and fishing grounds. In fact, the human remains were of the native Miwuk people killed by Spanish soldiers after they banded together to rise against Spanish missionaries; the Stanislaus River is named for Estanislau, a coastal Miwuk who escaped from Mission San Jose in the late 1830s. He is reported to have raised a small group of men with crude weapons, hiding in the foothills when the Spanish attacked; the Miwuk were decimated by Spanish gunfire. Moraga must not have known this part of history.
In 1836, John Marsh, Jose Noriega, a party of men, went exploring in Northern California. They made camp along a river bed in the evening, when they woke up the next morning, discovered that they had camped in the midst of a great quantity of skulls and bones, they gave the river the appropriate name: Calaveras. New Hogan Lake is the only lake on the river, it is formed by New Hogan Dam, completed in 1963. The dam was built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers for flood control; the dam provides drinking water, water for irrigation and recreation, including fishing, camping and water skiing. United States Army Corps of Engineers - New Hogan Lake Columbia Gazetteer of North America Friends of the Lower Calaveras River Calaveras River Watershed Stewardship Group Calaveras River Water Quality Study
California State Route 84
State Route 84 is California State Highway consisting of two sections. The first section is an east–west arterial road running from San Gregorio to Menlo Park, across the Dumbarton Bridge through Fremont and Newark and ending at I-580 in Livermore; the route overlaps the freeway segment of US 101 between Woodside Road in Redwood City and Marsh Road in Menlo Park. The segment between Marsh Road and the Dumbarton Bridge has been upgraded to an expressway and is known as the Bayfront Expressway; the segment from the eastern end of the Dumbarton Bridge to the interchange with I-880 has been upgraded to a freeway. The other section is a north-south arterial road that begins at SR 12 in Rio Vista, passes through Ryer Island, ends at the I-80 interchange in West Sacramento. A ferry provides the crossing over Cache Slough from Rio Vista to Ryer Island; the ferry, a diesel-powered boat operated by Caltrans, is in operation twenty-four hours per day and charges no toll. There are no plans to finish the unconstructed portion of the highway at this time.
The route begins at SR 1 on the Pacific coast near San Gregorio. It heads northeast through San Mateo County crossing the Santa Cruz Mountains; as it enters Woodside, it intersects SR 35 known as Skyline Boulevard I-280. It enters Redwood City, where it intersects SR 82, which carries El Camino Real through the South Bay. A few miles it interchanges with US 101, which it overlaps for a few miles. Upon routing eastward, it enters the city of Menlo Park as an expressway, called the Bayfront Expressway where it intersects SR 114 and SR 109 at grade intersections; the SR 114 intersection was the site of the car crash in which author David Halberstam was killed on April 23, 2007. SR 84 becomes a freeway at the south end of San Mateo County as it crosses as the Dumbarton Bridge over the San Francisco Bay. Midway over the bridge, it enters Alameda County. In Alameda County, it runs northward through the city of Newark, where it begins a concurrency southwards with I-880 for about one mile. Both interchanges with I-880 are partial cloverleaf interchanges.
Upon separation, the route isn't upgraded to freeway standards as it enters the city of Fremont, following the streets of Thornton Ave, Fremont Blvd, Peralta Blvd, Mowry Ave, which after, it has a short concurrency northwards with SR 238. SR 84 leaves Fremont through the historic Sunol Valley. Parts of the valley are narrow and are referred to as Niles Canyon. After exiting the valley, it begins an overlap with I-680. After separating, it runs through Vallecitos Valley, it goes over grasslands until it reaches a pass enters the city of Livermore with Ruby Hill development on the left. Here, one must turn left onto Isabel Avenue to stay on the highway. CA 84 runs along Isabel Ave until it meets I-580, as the end of its southern section. SR 84 is unconstructed from I-580 to SR 12; the second section of SR 84 starts in Rio Vista at SR 12. It follows the Ryer Island Ferry, which carries the route across the Cache Slough; when it leaves the ferry, it intersects SR 220. It continues northward and meets the end of state maintenance at the West Sacramento city limit, about six miles east of an intersection with CR E19.
It enters the city of West Sacramento in Yolo County. It interchanges with I-80 Business signed as US 50; as it continues northward, it ends at I-80. From north of West Sacramento, SR 84 has been relinquished and given to the city of West Sacramento in 2003. SR 84 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, but is not part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration. SR 84 is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System, is designated as a scenic highway by the California Department of Transportation from SR 238 to I-680 in Alameda County, meaning that it is a substantial section of highway passing through a "memorable landscape" with no "visual intrusions", where the potential designation has gained popular favor with the community; until recent years, all of CA-84 consisted of two-lane roads in California. This has remained unchanged except for urban areas and the CA-84 widening project in the Tri-Valley.
Route 84 is defined to continue from I-580 to SR 4 in Antioch, but there are no plans in place to bridge the gap at this time. A plan to build a $600 million toll road called the Mid-State Tollway along the proposed route was suspended in 2001 due to local opposition. In the late 2000s and 2010s, a widening project began on Route 84 from I-680 near Sunol to I-580 in Livermore; this included a better connection between Isabel Avenue. The project was to be done in five phases: Isabel Avenue/I-580 interchange Jack London Boulevard to Concannon Boulevard, including connections to Stanley Boulevard Concannon Boulevard to Vallecitos Road intersection and southern Ruby Hill entrance Northern side of pass Southern side of pass to I-680Costs were estimated to be between $400 and $500 million; as of late 2017, phases 1, 2, 4 are complete. This still leaves much of CA 84 in its original condition. Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, do not reflect current mileage.
R reflects a realignment in the route since M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, T indicates postmiles classified as temporary. Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control
Rio Vista, California
Rio Vista is a city located in the eastern end of Solano County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area—either in the East Bay or the North Bay, depending on what definition is used—on the Sacramento River, in the Sacramento River Delta region. The population was 7,360 at the 2010 census. Rio Vista is 60 miles northeast of San Francisco, on the Sacramento River in the Sacramento River Delta. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.1 square miles, of which, 6.7 square miles of it is land and 0.4 square miles of it is water. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rio Vista has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps; the present location of Rio Vista is several miles south of the original settlement. Colonel Nathan H. Davis founded "Brazos del Rio" near the entrance of Cache Slough at the Sacramento River, on the Rancho Los Ulpinos Mexican land grant, in 1858; the settlement was renamed "Rio Vista" before a flood in 1862 that resulted in the town moving to its present location on higher ground.
The city's name combines the Spanish words for "river" and "view." Post authorities established office in 1858. The community was incorporated as Rio Vista on December 30, 1893; the newspaper of record there is the River News-Herald and Isleton Journal, established in 1890. From 1911 through 1992 Rio Vista was home to Rio Vista; the facility was established as a base for river control activities by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. During the 1950s it was used by the U. S. Army Transportation Corps to store and maintain harbor craft, during the 1960s and 1970s it was used to prepare amphibious vehicles for transportation to Vietnam and to train troops in their use. In 1980 it was transferred to the U. S. Army Reserve and in 1992 it was closed due to a BRAC decision; the town hosts a United States Coast Guard station, established in 1963. Rio Vista was visited by a lost humpback whale in 1985, despite being 60 miles upriver from the Pacific Ocean; the young whale, nicknamed "Humphrey", attracted throngs of curiosity seekers before he was guided back to sea by rescuers.
Again in May 2007, humpbacks were sighted in Rio Vista. "Delta" and "Dawn," mother and calf, stopped at least twice in the river near the town. The 2010 United States Census reported that Rio Vista had a population of 7,360; the population density was 1,037.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Rio Vista was 6,003 White, 372 African American, 53 Native American, 359 Asian, 15 Pacific Islander, 288 from other races, 270 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 914 persons; the Census reported. There were 3,454 households, out of which 626 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,846 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 255 had a female householder with no husband present, 139 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 146 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 24 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,045 households were made up of individuals and 605 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13.
There were 2,240 families. The population was spread out with 1,145 people under the age of 18, 349 people aged 18 to 24, 1,089 people aged 25 to 44, 2,400 people aged 45 to 64, 2,377 people who were 65 years of age or older; the median age was 57.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males. There were 3,890 housing units at an average density of 548.3 per square mile, of which 77.7% were owner-occupied and 22.3% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%. 75.1% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 24.9% lived in rental housing units. As of 2007, there were 7,876 people, 1,881 households, 1,286 families residing in the city; the population is predicted to be 22,000 by 2020. The population density was 676.9 people per square mile. There were 1,974 housing units at an average density of 292.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.34% White, 1.18% African American, 0.92% Native American, 1.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.09% from other races, 3.85% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.42% of the population. There were 1,881 households, out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $44,534, the median income for a family was $52,007. Males had a median income of $43,458 versus $28,665 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,627. About 6.6% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those un