Armação dos Búzios
Armação dos Búzios referred to as just Búzios, is a resort town and a municipality located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In 2012, its population consisted of 23,463 inhabitants and its area of 69 km². Today, Búzios is a popular getaway from the city and a worldwide tourist site among Brazilians and Argentinians. In the early 1900s Búzios was an unknown village of fishermen, it remained as such until 1964, when the French actress Brigitte Bardot visited Búzios, since Búzios became popular with the Carioca’s high society, who wanted to escape from the chaotic city life of Rio de Janeiro and enjoy over 23 beaches that the peninsula offers. The city grew to be an international tourist destination. Today, the peninsula is a travelling site that offers calmness, direct contact with nature and scenic views; the west coast beaches offer calm, clear waters while the east coast ones, facing the open sea, are more wild and draw surfers and water sports enthusiasts. Azeda, Ferradura, João Fernandes and Armação are amongst the most popular beaches in town.
At night, Rua das Pedras, Buzios' main street, offers its visitors an active nightlife and a great variety of shopping and restaurants. During the 16th century, the Tupinambá Indians occupied the area, now known as Búzios. During the 17th century, the Europeans invaded what was a small village and as a result, the Tupinambá developed strict relationships with the French pirates and smugglers, who were interested in smuggling pau-brasil and selling African Slaves; the French were expelled by the Portuguese due to their bloody disputes with the Tupinambás, which resulted in a significant decrease in the Indian population in that region. In the 18th century, the gold trade from Minas Gerais and its exportation to Europe from Rio de Janeiro attracted many ships to the Guanabara Bay. Additionally the increasing number of ships along the city’s coast brought close attention to the whale hunting practice that took place in that area; the name “Armação dos Búzios”, for instance, comes from the process of separating the meat from the bones.
In addition, a beach in Búzios called “Praia dos Ossos” was named after the great amount of whales’ bones found along the shore. Another curious fact about this practice at the time was that the city lights were fueled with whale oil, the Sant’Ana Chapel located on the top of a hill between Praia dos Ossos and Praia da Armação, was built with rocks and whale oil as well. Around 1850 when slave trade was abolished in Brazil, Búzios was able to establish itself as a city that cultivated agricultural and fishing habits, instead of being just a smuggling, slave-trading and whale-hunting site. With time, the once European dominated city, shifted into a community composed by a mix of native descendants and interracial citizens. In 1940, Antonio Alipio da Silva was the first political representative to initiate a political life in Búzios; as a consequence, the small town started to attract a greater variety of people. During the mid 1900s, Búzios was known to Rio’s high society, as it was a reserved beach getaway from the chaotic urban life.
However, it was only around 1964, when Brigitte Bardot visited the small town, that Búzios became well known. Brigitte Bardot was a French actress in the 1960s that decided to go to Rio with her Brazilian boyfriend, Bob Zagury. However, due to the intense amount of paparazzi following them, Bob took his girlfriend to Búzios in order to enjoy the rest of their trip at a quieter and more exclusive site. At the time, the small town had no electricity and life there was quite bucolic yet it was the simplicity of the place, in conjunction with the peninsula’s natural beauty, that made Brigitte Bardot declare her admiration. Búzios became a global spotlight and although other stars like Mick Jagger and Madonna followed her path, none left as much of an impression as Bardot; the place where she stayed in Búzios for the first time is now a small hotel, known as Pousada do Sol. The strip of land that connects Praia da Armação with one of the main streets in town, Rua das Pedras, was named after her, Orla Bardot.
She was honored along the oceanfront path with a bronze statue made by Christina Motta. The final tribute is the only cinema in the balneary named after her: Gran Cine Bardot. Inside, there are many pictures of actors and actresses, including Brigitte’s picture and signature, which hangs on a distinctive wall. Capela de Nossa Senhora Desatadora de Nós Armação dos Búzios is located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in an area known as Região dos Lagos; the peninsula of 8 kilometers in extension features 23 beaches: Geribá, Tartaruga, João Fernandes, João Fernandinho, Ferradurinha, Azedinha, Manguinhos, Brava, Armação, Foca, Olho de Boi, José Gonçalves, Canto, Rasa, Moças. Búzios has a tropical climate and temperatures in the southern hemisphere tend to vary between 30 °C during the months of November and February, the mid-20s from May to September. Ocean breezes are common all year round. In order to avoid crowds, it is better to visit Búzios off-season, which starts from March to June and from September to November.
Búzios is served by Umberto Modiano Airport. Common outdoor activities include snorkeling, scuba diving, tanning or lying in the sun, beach hopping on aqua taxi or buggies; as for nightlife activities, Rua das Pedras is the place to go. Translated as “Stone Street”, the cobblestone pathway is the center of the city life, featuring a large variety of stores
Arraial do Cabo
Arraial do Cabo is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. Its population was 27,715 as of 2010 census and its total area is 160 square kilometres, it was founded in 1503 by the conqueror Amerigo Vespucci. In 1960 a documentary film was made directed by Mário Carneiro and Paulo Cesar Saraceni about the local fishing industry, its geography made Arraial do Cabo an dangerous point in the age of sail. Since the Portuguese Navy arrival until nineteenth century many shipwrecks occurred. Due to this fact Arraial do Cabo is well known as the "Dive Capital"; the municipality operates the Ilha do Cabo Frio Biological Reserve, a protected conservation unit on an Atlantic island in the south east of the municipality. It contains the 56,769 hectares Arraial do Cabo Marine Extractive Reserve, created in 1997
Itaguaí is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. Its population was 109.091 in 2014 and its area is 272 km². The city lies midway between Rio de Janeiro and Angra dos Reis. Itaguaí is located 75 km west of the city of Rio de Janeiro on the road to Santos, it is located between the shore of the Atlantic Rainforest. Itaguai and the region around it contain some of the largest ore exporting ports in Brazil, it serves as dormitory town for workers of the industrial western zone of Rio de Janeiro. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Itaguaí. Itaguai was opened as a deepwater port in 1982 to export alumina and other minerals found in the Minas Gerais region, it includes ports of Itaguai and Guaiba island. The port of Sepetiba is located in the port of Itaguaí; as of August 2018, the port accommodates large bulk carriers. The Port of Sepetiba is further divided into two administrative regions - Sepetiba Bay and Sepetiba terminal. Guaiba island, located close by has separate terminals for exporting mineral ores, but is owned by the mining company Vale and comes under the authority of the Port of Itaguai
Cantagalo, Rio de Janeiro
Cantagalo spelled Cantagallo, is a city located in the east-central area of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. The population is 19,759 in an area of 749 km², its elevation is 391 m. Colonization of Cantagalo began in 1755, when Portuguese nobleman Manoel Henriques, Duke of Terso and a clandestine gold miner, left the state of Minas Gerais in search of unexplored riches. Henriques and his group erected a settlement on a small tributary of the Parahyba 80 miles northwest of Rio and began exploring along the local rivers, it was known as Sertões de Macacu after the nearby Macacu River. By 1784, the settlement had grown to accommodate 200 houses; this growth caught the attention of the Portuguese rulers of Brazil, who had a monopoly over gold exploration in the colony. By order of the Viceroy Luiz de Vasconcelos e Souza, several expeditions were sent in search of Henriques and his group; the town's current name was inspired by the circumstances of his capture. A troop was about to return to their camp after a day of searching in vain around the woods, when a soldier heard the crowing of a rooster nearby and decided to further explore the area.
One of Henriques's men was found in a clearing in the woods and, in exchange for his release, revealed the whereabouts of the rest of the group. Henriques was deported to Africa in dishonour. By 1786, the settlement's name had been changed from Sertões de Macacu to Cantagalo. In 1814, Cantagalo was recognized by Emperor Pedro I as a municipality and in October 1857, was elevated to the category of city. By the mid-19th century, the area's gold was played out and the settlement came to depend on agriculture. Corn and sugarcane plantations covered several acres of fertile land. Before the First World War, Cantagallo was considered a rich fruit- and coffee-producing district and was connected to Rio via a 100-mile-long eponymous railway. Nowadays, the city's economic activities still revolve around agriculture, with the exploration of granite and calcareous rock for the cement industry playing a strong role; some of the largest cement manufacturers in Brazil have facilities in Cantagalo. The financial journalist Jose Carlos Rodrigues was the son of a coffee planter of Cantagallo, born there in 1844.
Brazilian writer Euclides da Cunha, was born in Cantagalo on January 15, 1886. One of the city's districts is named Euclidelândia, in his homage. Baynes, T. S. ed. "Cantagallo", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 27 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. "Cantagallo", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5, Cambridge University Press, p. 208 City's official website
Sumidouro is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. Its population was 14,927 and its area is 395 km²
Southeast Region, Brazil
The Southeast Region of Brazil is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It is the richest region of the country, responsible for 60% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais are three richest states of Brazil, the top three Brazilian states in terms of GDP; the Southeast of Brazil has the highest GDP per capita among all Brazilian regions. The Southeast region leads the country in population, urban population, population density, industries, airports, highways, schools and many other areas. São Paulo Heart of the largest continued remnant of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the Ribeira Valley is a Natural Heritage of Humanity, granted heritage as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. One of the biggest attractions is the biologic and ecosystems diversity, where 400 species of birds, amphibians and mammals live; the Alto Ribeira Tourist State Park is paradise for ecotourists, for its enormous diversity in geologic formations, among grottos and caves and waterfalls.
There are 454 caves registered by the Brazilian Society of Speleology in the State of São Paulo, all at the Ribeira Valley. The 280 caves located at PETAR represent the biggest concentration of caves in Brazil. Minas Gerais The landscape of the State is marked by mountains and caverns. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls. Minas Gerais is the source of some of the biggest rivers in Brazil, most notably the São Francisco, the Paraná and to a lesser extent, the Rio Doce; the state holds many hydroelectric power plants, including Furnas dam. Some of the highest peaks in Brazil are in the mountain ranges in the southern part of the state, such as Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Cervo, that mark the border between Minas and its neighbors São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro; the most notable one is the Pico da Bandeira, the third highest mountain in Brazil at 2890 m, standing on the border with Espírito Santo state. The state has huge reserves of iron and sizeable reserves of gold and gemstones, including emerald and aquamarine mines.
Rio de Janeiro The state is part of the Mata Atlântica biome, its topography comprises both mountains and plains, located between the Mantiqueira Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. Its coast is carved by the bays of Guanabara and Ilha Grande. There are prominent slopes near the ocean, featuring diverse environments, such as restinga vegetation, bays and tropical forests. Rio de Janeiro is one of the smallest in Brazil, it has, the third longest coastline in the country, extending 635 kilometers. Espírito Santo With 46.180 square kilometers, it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, has a variety of habitats including coastal plains, mountain forest and many others. The main river in the state is the Doce. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin, the northern branch of rivers which join the sea at Vitoria, Jucu River Basin which flows into the sea at the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical with dry winters and rainy summers.
North of Doce River it's drier and hot. In the mountainous regions in the south and south west of the state, the tropical climate is influenced by altitude, the average temperatures are colder; the state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra, part of the larger Serra do Caparaó, the Caparaó Mountain Range. In the map to the right it is in the gray area in the extreme southwest of the state, is shared with Minas Gerais. São Paulo state is responsible for one-third of Brazilian GDP; the state's GDP consists of 550 billion dollars, making it the second biggest economy of South America after Brazil and the biggest subdivision economy in Latin America. Its economy is based on machinery, the automobile and aviation industries, financial companies, textiles, orange growing, sugar cane and coffee production. Minas Gerais is a growing state. Vehicles: 36,030,943. Portuguese is the official national language, thus the primary language taught in schools.
English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. French is widely studied. Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport connects Brazil to 28 countries and is visited every day by nearly 100 thousand people. With capacity to serve 15 million passengers a year, in two terminals, the airport handles 12 million users. Construction of a third passenger terminal is pending, to raise yearly capacity to 29 million passengers; the project, in the tendering phase, is part of the
Três Rios is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. As of 2015 its population was 79,264 and its area is around 326 km²; as of 2017, the mayor of Três Rios is Josimar Sales Maia. There are three sport clubs in the city. América, Entrerriense and Três Rios Futebol Clube. América's football section is closed, but the club still disputes basketball competitions. Entrerriense and Três Rios FC's football sections are active. Três Rios is disputing Campeonato Carioca Third Level